Newspaper of Bedford Gazette, April 6, 1855, Page 2

Newspaper of Bedford Gazette dated April 6, 1855 Page 2
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THE BEDFORD liIZETTB. Bedford, April 6, 1853. G. W Bowman, Editor and Proprietor- in the east, $9 a $9 50—Wheat $2 30 as 2 38—Rye $1 25—Corn 93 cents —Oafs 57 rents. OGrTh* anti-License Law has no! yet passed the Senate. 'J lie Ilarrisburg Union says it will certainly pass and receive the Executive ap proval. QjP'The Sunday Liquor Law took e/Fect on the Ist inst. Dealers in the article are adino-i nisbed to be careful, as fine and imprisonment | are the consequences of a violation of the act. It refers to cider and beer a< u-ell as whiskey. NEWS FROM El HOPE. THE CZJIITS DEJITH CONFIRMED ' j New Y'okk, March 27. The steamship AtlanticJias reached her wharf, with .Liverpool dates to the lOti). Her advices confirm the death of the Czar XicholaS, and announce that on the 2d instant, the Emperor Alexander the Second ascended the throue, havmg peacelully succeeded his lather. He has issued a manifesto, stating that lie will adhere to the policy of his lather. The Duke Constantino and the other brothers anil officers, have taken the oath of allegiance to the new Emperor. Alexander has confirmed the diplomatic in structions issued by Gortschakotf tor the negotia tions of the Peace Congress, and the first prelim inary Conference has been held at Vienna. The Emperor Nicholas, prior to his death, had recalled Menschikoff and appointed (General ! (JortsrhakoffChief in command, O-tensacken the second, and given to Gen. Luders the command in Bessarabia. The Allies have-ordered their Generals to press forward the war. There has been more fighting in the Crimea. The French stormed a redoubt, skillfully erected hv the Russians during the night, and several hundred were killed. A strong rumor prevails that the Grand Duke Michael was among the wounded at Sevastopol, and has since died. A large Russian force threatens Balaklava. The blockade of the Danube is raised. A speck of disagreement has risen between Napoleon and England. Napoleon declared that the two armies should not tight together if Mr. Roebuck's Committee proceeded with its inquiry. Lord Clarendon went by express to Boulogne, and made matters straight. In the meantime the Committee is proceeding, but it is thought that Parliament will be dissolved to obviate the difficulty. The town of Brotissa is reported to have been destroyed, with most of its inhabitants, by an earthquake. Serious difficulties are occurmg in Ticion, Switzerland. Pollock sent into the L-'g, Ma ture, on Friday, his veto ofthe act to charter a new bank at Pottstown. The message contains a number of sound sentiments, and such as have been presented time and again, l>ofh hv the press and bis predecessors in office ; but never theless is a bundle of self-contradictions. The Governor trulv remarks, that "the advantages to be derived from an increased number of t>anks are more fancied than real." He is equal ly true in denouncing it as "art error to suppose lhat an increase of banking capital adds to the actual capital of the State or nation." "With out an increase of hanks and the facilities thev afford," he says, and says truly, "the commer cial and industrial interests of the country would suffer no serious reverse." This is ail good anti-hank doctrine, and if the Governor would rest on it, he would save not onlv him self from the charge ol inconsistency but the currency from the dangers with which an oppo site course threatens it. Boiling down what the Governor savs in favor of more banks amounts to this, and nothing more, namely, that thev may do no harm. To sustain his con sistency from the false steps taken in his inau gural in favor of more hanks "were needful," has involved him in the unpleasant position of a two-sided argument in his vet-. He is willing to incur imminent risks to the currency for a possible contingent convenience—"more fan cied than real." The Governor admits that the resources of the Commonwealth were nev er more thoroughly developed, business never more prosperous, nor the currency sounder than it is and has been under the restrictive policy! in banking, but for no better reason than that his inaugural favored more banks, does lie ex press himself'willing to butt his (lend against his own strong argument, and sign some of the hills. How many, we are left to conjecture, j By this reasoning we should judge the number would he few, but for his act in signing the very objectionable bill for a hank at Allentown, there is reason to fear the number may be large. The Governor, we fear, has lost sight of the homely old proverb, to "let well enough alone." There is no need for experimenting with the! currency, for it is now believed to be sounder, more convenient, and more reliable than that of any other State in the Union, and as good and ! healthful, perhaps, as we ca*i ever exwct it to j be under our mixed currency* system. Why ♦hen experiment ? And wlwyLgreat interest of j the State requires "stimulating I"—as the spec ulators in the establishing of new banks are piej>6ed to'turn their gambling operations! None —none whatever. The Governor says: "In pop illation,-Wealth, trade and commerce, our pro gress siunng the past ten years has been rapid and unprecedented.—Our mining, manufactu ring and industrial interests have been largely and permanently developed, and are now in pro gress of more ample development; and jet, du- ' ring this period, the additions to our banking cap- I ital had been almost nominal—hearing no ap preciable proportion to the immense increase of I the great interests already enumerated." These ' facts speak volumes, and are impregnable against forty columns of just such special pleading as is , attempted to render them ineffective. Until Ihe j stubborn facts admitted by the veto, can oe railed t from the record, not a doljar should be added i to Pennsylvania's banking capital.— LcJqer. TUe Way (oluut-ls are Jiaiie The following card we clip from the Eastori -frgtt*. It would appear from this that Mr. Gross is not even slightly gullible. How hu- , initiating it most be to the administration to have unasked for honors thrust back upon their hands. Sound Democrats, cannot be weaned with "sugar plums P' Col Hctter :—A rumor ha.sbe(>n re circula tion for some months past that I had left the Democratic (tarty and joined the Know-Noth-i ing organization. This report was strengthen- j ed by my recent appointment as Aid to Gov. j Pollock. Ido not wish my old Democratic j friends to labor under any such impression. 1 ! am as good a Democrat as T ever have been and do not wish to be regarded as anything else. I j never did, and do not now, belong to any party but the Democratic party. 1 never did, and do ! not now, belong to the Know-Nothing or any j other secret political organization. The com mission for Lieutenant Colonel was sent to me j without mv knowledge, and I do not want it.— I never applied for it and promptly returned it. J desire no such honor and ask no favor hut to remain an humble member of the great Demo- ' cratic party. PHILIP GROSS, j Richmond, March 15, 1855. From the Pittsburg Union, .March 30. Accidfut on the Pfr.ua. Kailroad. A Number of Passengers Scalded and other wise Injured. One or two Lives Supposed to be Lost! Complete Wreck of Locomotive and several Cur a ! We are indebted to Geo. P. Smith, Esq., of this city, who was a passenger on the Express train which left Pittsburgh for Philadelphia on Wednesday evening, for some particulars ot the late accident. Mr. Smith, we are glad to say, escaped unhurt. The catastrophe occurred at a point called Jackson Narrows, about five miles below Mill ('reek and about ten miles below Huntingdon. A few minutes before the arrival ol the express train, which lelt Pittsburgh on Wednesday evening, a rock became detached from the ttioun- j tain side, wluc.i is at that point very steep, and rolled into the middle of the railroad track.— George King, who attends a lock on the canal, about eightv rods below, observed the rock, and sent a man to give warning to the coming train. He met it, however, too late, coming at full speed, and was unable, without a light, to make any signal understood. The locomotive struck the rock, knocking it about two rods, and was thrown ofFthe track but rati un without becom ing detached from the cais, about two or three hundred yards, when it was overturned against a bank between the track and the canal, ihe tender and baggage car passed on clear ol trie locomotive, and the former then overturned, while the baggage car, a very long one, wa thrown tiarisversed across the track, and lay with one end against the stone wall at the south side ol the road and with other end* hanging over the canal. The first passenger car cleared the locomotive with little injury, a rid "was thrown slightly to the right against the wall, which is built very near to the track. In the mean time, to w it, a second, the locomotive was failing back from the left bank toward the train, and tore the entire leftside out of second pas senger car, while the steam as it rushed from the boiler entered the car, severely scalding several passengers. The other cars had been detached and escaped injury: hut those already mentioned presented the most singular piece of ruin that could be imagined. Indeed, were a painter to have put such a scene otr~canvass, it would have been criticised as a gross violation of ail mechanical probabilities. The entire scene of the disaster is one ol the wildest that could he imagined. Between the mountain on the south and the river, there is scarcely room for the canal and railroad track. The high and barren peaks thrown up hv some old convulsion 1 ; of nature, seem to bear testimony of events <>n the track of time, compared with which, the ruin of human art beneath them was insignifi cant, and one on which they could frown in dis- ! dain. Taking into consideration all the circnm- ' stances, this is by far the most remarkable casq aitv that has ever happened on the road. In re spect to the personal suffering which it has oc casioned, it is gratifying to know, that the event was far less disastrous than an inspection ofthe ruins would warrant one in supposing it must have bet n. The names of the persons injured, as far as have been ascertained, are as follows : Lewis Peebles, engineer, badiv injured—re . ported dead last evening. Fireman, Nepley, badly injured. Dr. Geo. S. Ghisehn, of Kv., scalded. Edward Fox, of Cincinnati, scalded on (ace and hands. Emmor H. Price, of Md., scalded. J. M. Cfievis, Carlisle, Kv., scabled. J. P. Cummings, Carrollton, 0., scalded. Wm. Smith, Point Pleasant, Va., scalded. Samuel Pennotk, Pittsburg, slightly scalded. John Masterson. Phiia., scalded. Durbin H. Hawk, brcakmar, Hariisborgh, , scalded. George M. Carson, Lancaster, Pa. scalded. Wm. F. Benedict, Salisbury, Conn, scalded. ! E. G. Reddv, Upper Midrileton, Fayette Co. Pa., scalded. Two gentlemen badly scalded in the face— names unknown. It i< probable that all of the persons scalded will soon recover,and that none j of them will be disfigured. Prompt medical aid j was rendered to them soon alter the acctdeut. j and all but two or three were able to go on in the cars of the evening express train from Phila delphia, which could come no farther than the scene ol the disaster and returned. The escape of Mr. Martin, the baggage mas ter. was almost miraculous. The car was crush er! in on both sides, and the bottom was com pletely shattered. He seems to have saved himself by clinging to the bar on the top. , The locomotive, Atalanta, is the same that met with an accident not long since, below j. Altoona. This i< the third, and probably the last adventure of the kind lor the_engine is., now in fragments. We are-not able to state whether negligence can be imputed to the officers of the Company. The rock having lain but a few minutes on the j track, it is bard to say that the accident was not [ i unavoidable. Two watchmen are kept on that part of the road, whose duty it is.to walk over tbeground immediately before car time. What , ever delinquency there may have been, would , , st em to have belonged to Mr. Loughry, the ; watchman on the parted" the road where the j rock descended. The Company, if in fault, are punished pretty severely in the loss of lp romotive and cars, to the amount of probably $12,000. ' ' GTT* The naked Truth. —That Christian who takes an oath to subserve the interests of any secret organization whatever, is guilty of the criminal folly of Hf.kou, without the ex cuse that a heathen might plead "for his oath's sake." The man who enters into such a com bination against Jesuitism, puts himself under the tyranny ot Jesuitism and.endorses its worst feature. tGu"The- Clearfield Republican gives the loir j lowing communication as from the pen of on? j of the most respectable citizen# of that county, j whose position and character entitles him to re- ; spect anil confidence: KNOW NOTHING EXPOSI BE. A Card. BIBNSIDE TP., Feb. 21, IBf>s. Xfe-sRS. MVioßt: &. WILSON :—Gentlemen. I must ask the liberty to appear b-lore the pub lic, for tlie first time in my life, in the columns of a newspaper. To vindicate my own charac ter, and to expose the corruption of a secret oath-bound political combination in our midst, is mv only object. I have all my life endeav ored to keep mv obligations with my ft-1 law man, and intend to do so in tuture, whenever i sound morality hinds n.e to do so. I regret that I dotv to my conscience arid mv country, compel ; me thus publicly to renounce an obligation ta- i ken without knowing its extent or its charac ter. I mean the obligation imposed upon the members of the order of the "Star Spangled Banner," as it has been recently called, but more familiarly known as the order of "Know- Nothings." • I hecam- a member of Ihe order previous to la*! election, and took the first j two degrees. The order to which T belonged.; was called the "New Washington Council," No. 2fil, and held its meetings in the town of New Washington, Burnside township, Clear field eotintv, Pennsylvania. The meetings were held alwavs alter night, in a secret man- ¥ ner, in some out-bouse or uninhabited building, with the windows darkened and made secure from observation. One of the meetings was called in mv wagon-shed, being able to find no better place where the Council could meet without f'-ar of defection. The instruction to the members was, always to approach the place of meeting alone, and to leave in the same man- j ner, for fear of exciting suspicion. 1 must here j confess that I always felt a degree of meanness | in going to and returning from those places, that j I had never before felt : and the more I knew j and learned of their secret organization, and j their movements, the more ] became convinced j that no honest, uprights conscientious man could, without great violence to his feelings,; and an entire surrender of all self-respect am} i dignitv of character, continue in their ranks.— I I had always before felt the proud consciousness : ofbeing an honest man and a fre-man. 1 bad j never know n w hat it was to shrink Irom tie gaze of anv man or set of men. I had always felt, and feel now-, that it is a high privilege for a "freeman to express hi* thoughts" on alt occasions and upon ail subjects. 1 have beewi (aught to believe that an "honest man is the j noblest work of God" and m v highest ambition : through life has been to occupy among my fej- j low men thai exalted position. 1 soon found j however, that I had been decoyed into a secret ! society, that claimed from me a very diflerenl > character—a society that not only asked me • voluntarily to falsify the truth anil lo act the j knave , but actually imposed upon me an oath j in advance, by which I was bound to" lie ati their bidding. Having w ithont proper reflec tion assumed these oaths, and become a member, I I concluded for a while to remain with themj and learn what I could nf them. I have now j left them and forever ! 1 shall no more meet in their secret conclaves, and no longer hear their impious oaths administered. I rejoice to feel that lam again a freeman ! Those whose con science will allow them to remain in their ranks, can do so. Doubtless pre this I have been -x --pefled from their Council, for my denunciation of the order, and if so, our obligations are dis i solved bv "mutual consent." The question here arises in my own mind— have I done my who!* duty in merely freeing j myself from their unhallowed influences ? Do j I riot owe it as a duty to my fellow-men to ex- ! pose this combination, and to warn them against j what I conceived to he the most dangerous po- j litical movement that has ever existed in this j i country. I know there are those who w ill • think and sav that 1 am violating a high obliga- i lion if I attempt to expose the doings of these i midnight orgies, but I shall content myself] with the belief that they are not those for whose ' opinions I have much regard. I have thought j iong and anxiously on the subject. My cor- ; . science approves the course. If the judgment] ■if the public w rendered in my favor, I shall feel glad : if not. I shall be supported by the purity of my own motives. I firmly believe the oaths administered to he immoral in their tendency, and corrupt in their inflences. Hav ing sworn to become dishonest , and to practice falsehood, am T hound to keep that oath? Having sworn, it needs be. to perjure mvsell in a court jofjustice, will the Almighty hold me responsi ble tor the violation of such an obligation, j Believing as I do, that my duly, both to my ■ God ami to my country demand at mv hands a full renunciation of all such obligations, can 1 1 hesitate ? Certainly not! Every impulse of my heart approve the course I have adopted, and mv friends w iil allow me alone to be re sponsible for the consequences. I shall settle thot account before a tribunal far above the ! reach of Know Nothingism, and before which neither their favors nor frowns can affect me. ' One thing I know, I should not be alone if oth ers w ere not afraid to go with me. There are hundreds in their ranks, whose outraged feelings I dictate the same course ; and who, if they cat. summon to their aid sufficient moral courage, i will soon follow in my footsteps. I shall there fore proceed to unmask the monster and expose its iniquities to the public gaze. organization of the secret societv to-, wftit-b T alludgfti* after the following ffjrm - Th the bestfßwg: it was called a society of "Know NotHtfljlraLnnd I mav be allowed to saf tin* name was pPelliarly appropriate. So soon, however, as thai became generally known, they changed it fbr another, and then another, twsjil during the short p-riod of their existence i they have been known by several appellations,! : the last of which known to me was the "Sons 'of the Star Spangled Banner." There is a ; "Grand Council" for the United States, the president q/ which has a sii|>erintendpnce and control over all the "Councils" of the United States. There is a subordinate "Grand Coun ] cil" lor each State, with a President who con trols tiie "Councils" in the different counties of fhe State. The "Grand Council" for Pennsyl vania is in Philadelphia, and the President thereof appoints an " fiistiuctor J ' for each coun itv in tlie State, who has charge of the "Coun cils in the different townships in the county.— fhe " Instructor " for the county is sole dictator and s'-ttles all questions arising in the "Coun cils." He orders when their meetings shall be held for making political nominations, and if the nominations do not please him, he mav or- 1 der another to he held, and so on until they ! ! are satisfactory. H-> a?*u appoints for each : "Council," a "Deputy Instructor," who act# lor him and under liis advice and directions. Each I "Council" is bound in everything to the strict est obedience toitssupeiior. This arrangement first alarmed me. I joined the order, because I j

had been induced to fear the power of the • "Pope." But when I learned that the Presi- j dent of the "Grand Council" had more power | than is even attributed to the Pope of Rome, that "he was constituted for the purpose, and willing to use his power to further the designs j of the basest political demagougeism, I could: not close inv eves to the tact, that he was a more dangerous enemy to the civil institutions rf our country than 1 had before thought the i Pnpt-. I fear now that my worst apprehensions will be realized. H. Bucher Swoope, of the! borough of Clearfield, is the "losti uclor" lor Clearfield county, and directs the movements . of all the "Councils" in it. He is understood to be among the first members of the order in the | county. Jn Burn side township there are three "Coun cils," one held at New Washington* one near Patchins, and one called the "Crooked Run Council-" Dr. James i\!. Bunn is the "De puty Instructor" under Swoupe, for tile New Washington Council, and those who know that i individual best, can judge of fhe character of the instruction he would b<' likely to impart. I am sure they will not charge him with much moral instruction or many long prayers. In a recent instance in our township, after a regular nomina tion trad been made and ratified by a vote of the Councils for township officers, these instructors, H. Bucher Swoope and Dr. Bunn, (a pretty pair.) orders a new nomination to be made, and the Councils as in duty bound had to obey. How humiliating to the old inhabitants of the coun try, who were "pioneers" in its early settle ment, and who have had a voice heretofore in its political welfare, to be obliged to bow before the dictation of one who lias not resided two years in the cOonty. Let those who are oppos ed to "foreign influence," condemn at the same time ihis kind of 'foreign interference'and I am with them. No matter how great a profligate, i or how corrupt the man may be. the "Council" must yield implicit obedience to their "Instruc tor." He may he a gambler, a drunkard, a •blasphemer of religion, and fresh Irom the scour ges earned by his infamy, and yet the hv-laws of this secret oath-bound societv require better: men to surrender, not onlv their own judgment, hut 'heir sense of right and wrong, to blindly follow such a leader. Such is Know Nothing ism, and such its votaries know it lobe. The meetings so far as I attended them, were generally occupier! in initiating members. They have no object so far as I can learn, hut that of controlling the politics-ofihecountry, and grasp- . ing the offices. The President for each Ooun- ! ril call the meetings together by a written ru>- 1 tire, unintelligible to any except the initiated. He takes the chair and presides during tile even ing. Tim general topic of discussion in the Council before the election last fall, was how to best decoy the Democrats into their ranks, and generally how to augment their forces, and gain the ascendancy. Their hope is to ride into power on the popular predjudice against the Roman Catholic church, and indeed they are making rapid strides towards effecting their oh- • jec.f. I could go with them in an honest effoyt against any political power attempted on the part of that church, and with that object in view many joined liieir ranks. But when I saw that bad men of all parties had joined them, i and were willing to prostitute the association lo > the basest fiolitica! purfwses to obtain paver, I .could no longer see any hope.of accomplishing f ; the original object. They are now composed ' very largely of the ignorant, who are to be pitied: the bigoted sectarian, who is more design ing than foolish ; the broken down and dtsap- j pointed politicians of both parties : the demago- j gues, who love spoils more than part v. and who : fancy they can see a glimmer of hope ahead : a part of the clergy in some of the Protestant churches, who are longing for power, and who carrv with them more or lessoftheir mem bers, the floating population of the country, With no fixed principles either moral or political, usualiv denominated "majority men," or men 1 who vote on the strong side if they can find it. i If these classes of men combined have the nu | merical strength they will succeed. The order | hopes to be able in 1556 to hold in their hands i sufficient power to secure the election of a Know I Nothing President,and by obtaining the reir;s of government to perpetuate their power. A des- j perafe effort will be made; perhaps such a one as this country never witnessed. In my opin i ion, il virtue, intelligent,- nntl honesty of pur pose is in ascendancy in this country, they w ill :be defeated; if not, they may triumph. For j mv own part I have heretofore been a Whig, | rind hav- always gloried in the triumph of Whig principles, hut even to accomplish that | object th" sacrifice is too great. The following is a copy of the oaths and ex amination which every member must undergo, and subscribe to before becoming a member, as ' nearly as I ran recollect. That they are sub stantially true, I pledge myself to prove in a court ol justice if opportunity be afforded nv. They are contained in a book, one copy of which j is furnished to each Council. The "Instructor" has possession of it. and administers the oath from it. hut the members are not allowed to have it. I suppose for the same reason that Roman Catholic Priests do not let their numbers read a bible ; because Ihev are too ignorant to read and understand it. I thought it strange that they as an order should adopt a course they so much disapproved in others. The candidate is first proposed bv a member of the order to the Council, without his knowl edge. Three negative voles black ball him.— If elected, lie is secretly requested to present! himself in the ante-rooin of the Council, w hen j 1 an officer appears from within and administers to him the following oalh : [ The Oath is precisely the some ns the Onth published in Ike Gazette, a few days prior to the \ : hist Election, so that toe deem it unnecessary to 1 re-publish it here. | 1 have thus given the forms as lar as the se cond degree. J never went further, it w ill :be a matter of regret all my life that I ever ! went so far as I did. I have now, however, done all I can to atone for it. I may add, before closing this communication, that the exposure published in the Pennsyl j rani an last summer is substantially correct, and 1 j was so considered at that time in the Council. I was then a member, and heard it discussed. Yours Respectfully, THOMAS MAHAFFEY. 8T;U"TO THE PUBLIC.— Having heen se- ; | iluced into tin- order commonly called "Know- j Nothings," by representations made to me by : men in whom I had confidence, that the order was to correct all abuses which afflicted our coun try in past time, that the order was intended to j carry out Dr-mocralic measures, and having found by recebt developments thai tft< whole things is a VVinc TRICK, la cheat Democrats out of their principles, I have withdrawn from the order and .severed my connection with it, a:>d I deem it mv doty to warn all Democrats tnet by remaining in the order they are aiding our an cient enemies, the Galphin Federal Whigs to laster upon the oM exploded Whig doctrines, which had ttveir birth in the Convention, and which have been repudiated by the people tune and again since. JOHN KFA FASTER. Lancaster, Ohio, March If), 1555. Correspondence ofthe Boston Host. Letter from leua. DAVENPORT, IOWA, March 10, '55. Spring, bright and beaalilut, has come. For severai days frast the weather has been warm ! and delightful, and the~breezes tiiat sweep over our prairies come like whispering with promises full of joy and gladness. YY inter is passing, away to hi* stronghold in the mountains ! of eternal iceirt the north, and spring, radient I with smiles, and ushered hy the balmy south wind is with us. Clouds*of Pigeons, thousands | of the different species of wild ducks, and those sure harbingers of spring, the American Brant anil wjld goose, are seen winging their unvary ing flight to the regions far in the north. Our noble river'that for several weeks past has been ice hound, affording a safe transit U> the cease less ebh artdjfow of the human tide, has, in the 1 majesty of if* power, burst its bonds aasumler.— The breaking up WAS a sight worth the journey of n thousand mites to see. Yesterday there 1 was ir crv in the street that the ice was coming, and hundreds were quickly assembled to wit ness (he crash, and among the rest myself: and I I verily believe that the only word 1 uttered for half an hour was 'magnificent,' but this w as oft repeated. The upper rapids of the Missis sippi extend from tins pomt fifteen mile* up, and owing to the *u illness ofthe current have been op-n lor several dav. Yesterday the ice '■ above gave way and came sweeping down in j immense masses ami with irresistible force.— ' When it came in contact with that which still remained linn between the citv and Rock island the scene was truly grand ami exciting, and' gave evidence ofthe trymendbu* power that the "father of waters" sometime* displays. The floating field commenced gorging the whole Width of the river, and httge pieces were thrown with their edges fifty feet into the air. Finally the ice commenced running under, and was borne to the top again !>v the current from below, thus forming, as if were, a vast revolv ing cylinder of ice that glittered in the snn light like a sea of fire: hut the pressure cmi i stantlv accumulating, became go great that a 1 channel was forced, and down went the ic hills, plunging and crushing as though possess ed ofthe spirits of a thousand demons. Im mense winiows of ice v ere formed on both hanks ofthe river, burying wharf boats, skills, wood piles and everything else within reach, i utterly regardless of the damage done, or the • punv efforts of men to preserve their property. At the present tinw the river is nearly clear and the opening of navigation is daily looked , lor. Emigration from the eastern states has al- I ready commenced : fhe largest portion of which! seems to come from the states of Pennsylvania," Ohio and Indiana, notwithstanding several live i Yankees l ave marie their appearance, and can ihe seen in 'he hotels reading newspapers, on the corners taking notes, Irving the quality ol i luwa lumber, with their jack-kniv<s, and carv rng rbrtnos devices on the Rttnp posts with al ways an eye out for the main chance. The prospects of a heavy increase in the population ; of our state the present season are most flatter ! ing, and everything tends to substantiate the fact that lowa, at no distant day, will take her j place among the wealthiest and most powerful 1 ol the states. Who are Your Companions ? "He that walketh with wise men shall tie wise; but u rnmpanwu of foots shall be destroyed." It is said to he a property ofthe trep frog I that it acquires the color of whatever it adheres to for a short time. Thus when found on grow ing corn, it is commonly of a very dark green. It found on the white oak it has the color pecu ; liar to that tree. Just so it is with men. Tell n.e whom you choose and prefer as companions, and 1 certainly can tell who you are. Do vou love the society ofthe vulgar ? Then vou are already debased in your sentiments. Do you seek to he with the profane ? In your hearts you are like them. Are jesters and buffoons yonn choicest friends ' lie who laughs at folly is himself a fool, and probably a very stupid one, i too. Do von love ant! seek society ol the wise ar.rl good? Is this your habit? Would vou j rather take the lowest seat among such than the highest among others? Then you have already learned to he wise and good. You mav not have made much progress, but even a good be ginning is not to be despised. Hold on your way, and seek to he a companion of ail that fear God. So you shall be wise for yourself, and wise for eternilv. SAGACITY OF AX EI.F.I'UAXT.—We passed an ele phant working on the road, and it was most in teresting to watch the ha If-reasoning brute: he was tearing out laige roots from the ground by means of a hook and chain, fastened mund his neck with a species ot collar. He pulled like a man, or rather like a number of men, with a succession of steady hauls, throwing his whole weight into it, and almost going down on his knees, turning round every now and then to see what progress he was making. Really the in stinct displayed by the elephant in its domestic 1 state is little short of reason in its fullest sense, i There is no doubt they do think, and also act upon experience and memory, and their capaci j t v seems to increase in an extraordinary degree from their intercourse with man. The rernark -1 able nicety and trouble they take in squaring and ! arranging the blocks of h<-wn stone when build ing a bridge is incredible,unless seen ; they place them with as much skill as any mason, and will return two or three times to give the finishing touches when they think the work is not quite perfect. They retire a few yards and consider what Ihev have effected, and you almost fancy, you can defect them turning their segacious old noddlesson one side, and shutting one eye in a knowing manner, to detect any irregularities in the arrangement.— The Bungalow and the lent by E. Sullivan. NOTICE. All persons indebted to the estate of Solomon Rice, late of Southampton Township, Bedford county, deceased, are requested to make imme diate pay merit, and those having claims against said estate will present them properly authenti cated for settlement. P. DON* A HOE. April ti, 1855. Adm'r. mSTORE Aid AVh (iouds. GREAT BARGAINS, AND NO MISTAKE! ELI FISHER Wotihl lespectfully avail himself 0 f this t! „ thod of informing the citizen* of Bedford ' j vicinity that he has opened an entirely \ J)ry Goods, Grocery, and Fumy Store in the Borough of Bedford, in the room I ' inerly occupied hy Dr. Hofius, and secondduTr west of Dr. Harry's Drug and Book N where tie has just received from the cities'uj New York and Philadelphia one of the most elegant assortments of Good* ver brought to Bedford, which, having been pur chased for cash, under the most favorable fu . cumstanceft, he leeks warranted in saving that |v can sell them at price* so low a* to avtoniek t(, H purchaser, and all in want of good Goods, at the shortest possible profit, are invited | 0 av him a call. His stock embrace* every variety of " Ladeis Dress Goods, such as Silks, Satins, D.-laines, Bomlrazine, Spring Shawls, novelties in Lawns, Brjfid,' Prints, Plaid Ginghams, Lrrdersleeves, fiou, 121 cents up, Hosiery in every variety, Shoes Boots and Slippers, for Ladies and Children— in fact almost every aiticle adapted toa Lathe.' wardrobe, which it would require too much spare to enumerate in detail. His stock of FLATS and BONNETS for Ladies, Misses,and Children, is large, rich and CHEAP. His Groceries, Teas, Spices, Syrup, &.c. are all of the very best quality. QJP*He will consider it no trouble to shew his Goods, and he hopes the LADIES especial ly will call and examine his assortment wheth er they purchase or not. Always remember however, that ELI FISHER'S is the place fu j BARGAINS! ! ! April 6 1555 KEMOVAL. The subscriber would respectfully announce to the public that he has removed h;s Tinning Establishment to the building recently occupi ed by Mi. Luther, as a Confectionary Store,in the Diamond, where he is better prepared than ever to accommodate his customers with every ' arlicfo in the line of his business, either whoU . sale or retail, and hopes they will give him a call at his new location. GEO. BLY.MIRL Bedford, April 6, I<S55. REMOVAL. - JOHN J. EI THER A Having removed his Con fectionary Store to the white tiame building directly opposite tie Store of A. B. Cramer fx. Co. would announce to his old friends, and the public generally,that he is prepared to render satisfaction to all who favor him with a call. has fitted up a private arid handsome room lor the accommoda tion of Ladies, the entrance to which is through his front family door, which they will find U.th i convenient ami pleasant. ICE CREAM and other delicacies will be served up in the best wdyle, ' D season. April 6, 1855. j LAND FOR SOLDIERS. * To Soldiers, both regular and Volunteers, sailors, Marines, Flotilla men, Musicians, Wa gon Masters, Teamsters, Indians, and all per sons who have served f ourteen days in any of the wars of the United States since the \>ar 1790, the Law of 1855 gives you Cue Hus dred and Sixty Acres ol Bounty Land, lam prepared promptly to execute your warrant* ibr Bounty Land. You will save time and narnev by at once applying for instructions and blank Forms. Widows and minor children ol an* of the above are entitled to the same. X tr* Warrants bought and sold on commissim. JlP* Commissions received lor the -ale ot Real Estate. Address FRANKLIN G. MAY, No. 12, Wail Street, N. V. April 6, 1855—3t. TO OFFICERS, SOLDIERS, SEAMEN, SVC. OF ALL WARS, Their WIDOWS and MI.VOR CHILD REX S. AI. KNIGHT, Attorney for GovernmfDi Claimants, WASHINGTON, D. ('. CONTtNCF.S To give prompt antl personal attention to the prosecution of Claim- ol every description a gainst the General Government, anil particularly to those lielore the i reasurv Department, Pension Bounty-land Bureaus, Patent and General Land Offi ces. and Board of Claims. i An experience of years, and a familiarity ivitht:' 1 means of obtaining the earliext and nio-t favorable a,- tion on Claims, with his tacihCe- for the dispatch ol business, justify hun in assuring his Correspondent-. Claimants, ar.tl the Public generally, that lulerest intrusted to his keeping will not be neglected. PKNSIO.X, BOUNTY I-\.YI>, lVrnx, A xt> PVBLIC LA>> LAWS. lie has nearly ready for gratuitou-distribution atnoni his business Correspondents, (and those alio may i become such.) a neat pamphlet containing a svoopsi i of the existing Pension, Bounty Land, Patent, i- ! Public Land Laws, down to the end ol the late Con gress, including the Bounty Land Act of 3d MARCH. 1855, under which all who have heretofore received if" than 1 <SO acres are now entitled to additional k |; ' : sanJ act grants also 100 acres to all Officers, N 1 • : commissioned Officers, Chaplains, Soldier-, Wagt"- j masters. Teamsters, an.] friendly Indians, of 'he ar i my, including State Troops, Volunteers and Militia —and all Officers, Seamen, ordinary Seamen. Marine -1 Clerk-, and Landsmen, of the Navv, not heretntef ] provided for, who have served not less than fourteen ' days (unless in battle) at any period since 177 ft; as-. to the widows and minor children ol all such persons 1 entitled, and deceased. This pamphlet contains "Tonus of Application j more full and complete than any elsewhere to he found. adapted to the wants of every class of Claimants un der the Act, with copious decisions and instructii"- of the Department, and practical suggestions as to the course to be purued in suspended or rejected cas<- Parties not wishing to avail themselves ol the un - ities afforded by this Office in securing /vwai* personal riipennUOiltttre of their claims at the Prpi : ments, can ohraiu copies of the above pa®phi'' - 1 remitting thirty cents in postage stamp*. Inducement to Correspondents. Correspondents who prepare and forward case management by this Agency will be dealt witblihc i ally ; supplied with ail necessary blanks giaO', "• , | kept constantly advised of thechanges that Irofflhu to time occur HI the execution ol law. it is within the subscriber's pdwer to direct bis' o respondents to the locality of very many persons#i • ; tied under the late Act: and having obtained sevrra. i thousand Land Warrants tinder former law-, he " possession of data that will materially assist i* securing additional bounty. Fees, below the Usual rates—and contingent 11P the admission of claims. The highest cash prices given for Land W arra ■ Revolutionary Scrip, and Itlmoise Laud Patent" Address S. M. KNWfiT- Washington ( "Y April (t.