Newspaper of Bedford Gazette, June 1, 1855, Page 2

Newspaper of Bedford Gazette dated June 1, 1855 Page 2
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THE BEDFORD GAZETTE. Bedford, .June 1, !>•-. G. W. Bowman, Editor and Proprietor. Supreme Court. (EF"The People of Bedford County will be gratified to learn that the Judges of the Supreme Court have determined to hold a Session of that Court in Bedford to commence on the lOth of August, when ail the casts for this County will be disposed of. We trust the Judges will he so much pleased with our place that they will hereafter make it one of their permanent [ laces of holding Court, as they have the right to do, under a late Act of Assembly. LETTER OF REV. JOHN A. CCLLIKS ! [Cr 3 " We re-publish to-day the able and elo quent Letter of Rev. JOHN A. CODI.INS to which we alluded in the Gazette ol last week. It will be found on the first page. It is one of the e minent productions of the age-, and, coming from such a source, will command general respect and admiration. The country, to a great extent, owes its pre sent stale of WICKEDNESS arid DEBAUCH ERY to the the conduct of the "lures Tliousum/ .Yew Rngbind Clergymen" and their Jlllim in the MINISTRY, (together with the aid of cer tain RELIGIOUS (?) newspapers,) than to any other cause, a state of things clearly predicted in this masterly Letter, which has never been an swered except by an anonymous scribbler in a scurrilous political newspaper ' Let a!! true CHRISTIANS read it, and cherish its senti ments as thev revere the character of the dis tinguished gentleman that penned*!!. The Kxaaißfr en Pollock Again! invite especial attention to an article on the first page from the Lancaster Examiner in reference to the appointments of Governor POLLOCK. The Examiner, be it remember ed, was one of Pollock's warmest supporters at the last election. Know Notiiingism is in a pi tiable condition, truly. HyThe Know .Nothing Whigs ought to get a few more FOREIGN GERMANS to write let ters in tavor of " Americans ruling America," as they did in Virginia they ought to get a few more old gray-headed men to insult Demo cratic meetings by" commanding "SAM" to "STAND DP" and exhibit himself after the manner in which the keepers of a "Menagerie" stir up the Monkeys—and they ought to perpe trate a few more Puns to the effect that " all Democrats will like—WlSE perish !" Perhaps it might relieve their distresses somewhat ! [Tr*The Hon. H. A. STEPHENS, of Geor gia, for many years one of the leading WHIG members ol Congress, has published a Letter de clining to be a candidate for re-election, 011 the ground that the Whigs, as a Party, have joined the Know Nothings, to which he can never belong. We publish a portion of his letter on the first page, with the expectation that it will he read with thrilling interest by ail our pa trons. This is the way for a Whig to speak who professes to be opposed to the Dark Lan tern Order! The Liquor Law. ttjr*Ci'all the laws that have ever been pass ed in this or any other Commonwealth in the Union, we think tire Know A'o thing Liquor Law passed by the Legislature of Pennsylvania last winter is th- meanest, silliest, and most contemptible that any people have ever yet been called upon to witness. If it had emanated frpm a Lunatic asylum instead of a Pennsylvania Legislature, it could not have presented a more sickly hotch-potch, of double distilled nonsense. No body pretends to understand it, and almost every Judge in the State s-enrs to have placet! a different construction upon its provisions. In some counties all Licenses have been refused— whilst in others they have been granted until October. Whilst one section positively arid unqualifiedly repeals the power of County Trea surers to issue Licenses to Stores and Eating houses to sell Liquors, Beer and Ale, Mr. POL LOCK'S Attorney General has issued an official circular construing the Law as giving tire right to this class of dealers in Liquor to sell until the first of October!!! Now, his opinion is worth nothing more than that of any other Lawyer in the State; and men are " caught up" by adopt ing his opinion as the Whigs of Virginia and elsewhere were in belting their money on "N 'am's (Jathff some of them will find them selves in Prison at a time, perhaps, when they considered themselves as safe as the Know- Nothings of Bedford did their candidate, for Governor of the old Dominion on last Monday morning, when they firmly believed his majori ty would reach 10 or f>o,ooo ! ! Even the most Mind and benighted followers of Know Nothing ism have not the hardihood to defend this Law, notwithstanding it is the legitimate bantling of a Know Nothing Legislature, and received the "approval " and signature of a Know Nothing Governor—and, the people of BEDFORD COUNTY will not fail to remember that thev are especially and personally indebted to FR. JORDAN for the passage of this contemptible j Bill, in the Senate, where it only carried bv one vote ! Now, if Air. Jordan trad apprized the people of this District that he intended to vote far an abomination like the liquor law about which we are speaking, we do not believe h could have received a thousand votes in the three counties./'We are told that Mr. Jordan was a great man at Harrisburg—that he made speech es by the hour!—a point we have no disposition to argue. We would remark, however, that Lawyers of small callibrc always try to hide their natural deficiencies by a continued gabble, and 111 this way never fail to acquire the con- tempt of all-right thinking men. The following article from the Philadelphia • Veto®, a Know Nothing paper, of Saturday last, is in point: When doctors disagree, who shall decide?— The Liquor Law passed by the late Legislature seems to receive as many different constructions as there are Judges in the State. Attorney General Franklin has given a written opinion, that the existing laws regulating the Liquor traffic will continue in Ibrce until October next, the time the New law goes into operation, and this opinion is coincided in by Judge Pearson, of the Dauphin District, Judge Hegins, of the Schuylkill District, ami others, and seems to us to be the plain common sense construction ol tlie law, it any such can be applied to it. Other Judges differ, however, with the At torney General and those coinciding with him. Among these is Judge Jordan of the Noithum berland District. He, we notice, decided at the session ol the Montour County Court, that County Treasuiers cannot issue licenses at all under the present law. Judge Galbrt-ath of the Erie District, tias, on the other hand, decided that the new law repeals all the laws now in force, and that until October next, anybody may soil liquor that chooses, with or without license. These conflicting opinions and decisions of a number ul'our ablest lawyers and soundest ju rists are a sad commentary on the crude charac ter ot the law, and are, in themselves, ample evidence that it was not framed with that care, nor pa-sed in that cautious spirit, which should ever characterize legislation on so important a sut.ject, and which is likely to atlect ttie tights and interests ol so large a port ion ot the business men ol the Commonwealth.— Philu. ,Ve w-s. Democratic Prospects. QjpThe prospects of the Democratic Party were never brighter than they are just now.— All the indications oil this point are clear and unmistakeable. Pennsylvania will be redeemed next fall beyond the shadow of a douht, thus se curing a Democratic U. S. Senator lor the old Keystone—and, the result of the electron in Virginia settles the question of the next Presi dency in favor of the Democracy, a fact admit ted by the New-York Herald the leading organ of Know Nothingisin.—All honest Democrats who were deceived will come buck, arid be truer to their former faith than ever—and, for every disappointed office-seeker we lose we will gain ten honest rrien from the ranks of the old Whig line, who refuse to be sold lik- cattle in the market. There are now hut two parties in this country —the Democratic anil tire Know .X'oi fl ing. There is 110 neutral, no middle ground, and a!! who do not rally under the Flag of D<- mocracy, must rally under the black Flag of Know Nothingis.m, no matter what their pro fessions. He that is not for us is again.-t us. KF~The following communication from one of our most worthy citizens should command tlie earnest attention of those to whom it is directed: For the Bedford Gazette. A TOW \ C LOCK. Is there any good reason why we should not have a Towu-Clock in Peri ford The cost of such a useful and necessary article is not great. Many a town of less pretensions and ability than ours, has its useful and highly-valued Clock.— We have a most admirable [dace for one—the cupola of th.* Court House. Our citizens have shown themselves public-spirited and generous, on several occasions, when some important im provement was needed. Now, here is a small ami comparatively une.vpensive improvement not a mere ornament—but one of the necessaries of civilized life. Can we not have it ? If our Town Fathers were to go on, and procure the Clock at the public expense, would not every tax-payer commend them for their enterprize and well-doing—for their wise regaid to the public welfare ! Hit were thought best to raise the amount required by subscription, who, in our town, or the country around it, would not cheerfully contribute to so useful an under tak ing 1 "Time is money." and the "Dollar and Cents" argument ought to induce every citizen to urge forward this project. I feel persuader!, that, for want of a public regulator, time is squandered awav, in Bedford, at the rate of hun dreds, perhaps thousands of dollars annually.— Every man of business habits—every woman who wishes to he methodical in her household arrangement, daily feels the want of a well-reg ulated public Time-Piece—a great Clock, that, day and night, would, in ponderous tones, teach the important lesson that time is fleeting, and that what our hands find to do, we should do it quickly. A well-kept Clock tqxin the Court House, bv which all the time-pieces in town and country could he regulated—and which also would he the standard for religious ami other meetings—for funerals, and Business En gagements, would ad 11 immensely to tile comfort of every person of proper feelings and habits in our community. As a general thing I do not approve of "striking," and I am not fond of "strikers:" but in the'matter of a Town-Clock, give rue a "good striker'/. —and one that can speak as wHi r.s strike —one that, with -every stroke, will hit up its voice, and cry "Unto you, 0 mn, I call. The time is short. Be diligent in business. Be punctual to your en gagements. Ann good people all, remember, that the day i-s rapidly passing, and the night of death draws near." THE TREE AMEBIC**; PART V. —Some of the Demo crats of New Orleans wrote to Robert C. Wiektitfe, asking for the u-e of his name as a candidate for Governor of Louisiana at the ensuing election. He declines, and in his reply remai ks that "The true American party in this land is the Dem ocratic party. It proscribes no man on account of his birth or of his religion, it adopts as its own the principles contained in tne declaration of American lndependance. There rests not upon the statue book of our country one measure which ha added to its greatness that has' not the stamp and impress of Democracy. Under the Democratic rtile ami policy we have grown from infancy to vigorous manhood. Ours is the greatest, the happiest, and the be>t coun try God has give to man. Democracy has made it such, and the Democratic party will continue it so." PRESBYTERIAN OPPOSITION TO THE K. N'S. —The Presbytery of Shenango, of the Associate Presby ter.an Church, at a meeting held at New Wilming ton, on the 17th ult., adopted the following resolution with reference to Secret Societies: Kesoived. That in the judgment of this Presbytery, the principles ol our Church exclude from commun ion the members of'he Secret Society, called Know- Nothings, and the tijembeis of all -uch Secret Socie ties, and that the Presbytery direct sessions to en force this opinion. £ ALL HAIL VIRGINIA!!! The Mother of States and of Statesmen" sav ed from the blighting Curse of Know Nothing Rale ! Democracy Sweeps the. State by nearly Eight Thousand ,Majority ! ! ! ! On Thursday last, the 21th. in-t., the great contest ; took place in Virginia, and resulted in an overwhel ming victory for the Democratic party over the com bined hosts of Whiggerv and Ivnow-Nothingism. HENRY A. WISH (the gilted and eloquent cham pion ol Democracy) is elected Governor by a rnajor ' ity ol about 8,000 over Fi.otrn.M--Y, his Know-Noth ing Whig competitor—and this, too, after one of the j fiercest and hardest contested campaigns ever vvit- I neased in the Old Dominion. i Hi> Democratic mileages on the State Ticket are also elected bv a majority fully equal to that given lor Mr. Wise, ami every Congies-onal district in the i State has been carried by the Democracy ! So also an increased majority in the Legislature!— Tmuca.itrr ! Tntslfigiueer. From the Pennsylvania!!. Glorious Old Virginia. Doubly lias she earned the title of the "Mother of Heroes, Patriots, and Statesmen." While her gen erous and devoted Democracy survives. Treason may j shake her bloody hand over the rest ol the Union, only to fall paralyzed, when it is waved in threuien | ing gesture over a soil which ha- never been polluted i with the gore from her reeking lingei-. All hail to j the noble bo-ofri against which the treacherous blows ; of a skulking f'oemeii rebound with violence to the assailant. Our appeal to her has not been fruit leg-, i Always first in the list of Slates, she now tower® above them all in her pride of place. Too intelligent to he lured from their love of Constitutional freedom,* Iter gallant Democracy have stayed the de-olating tread of-Know-Niothingism, and it i- now doomed to perish of the innate corruption which has long been festering in it- organization. Ever true to her high ! calling as the just umpire between her sister States, \ taction loses its vigor when it approaches the soil j which holds the remains of WASHINGTON and JEFFKII ' SON, and shrivels into nothingness before the remeuT ; hranve of their austere patriotism. The Demon rf ! Anarchy starves belore the holy altar ol civil and I religious liberty, reared in Virginia for the protection of man's lottie-t right-, ami guarded by the- ever wa ving swords of Justice and Rea-on. Back to the j murky den of it- inception, the foul Spirit of Preju dice ha, been driven by Virginia's manly sons, and reeling under the strokes of freemen, too brave to be • frightened at the hideous aspect ola prowling antag onist, and mo geneions to forsake the toster brethren t of her household, invited to her table by the Fathers of our Constitution, that soulless Mon-ter now stag gers to it- destruction. The puerile boast that with "In* conquest of \ irginia, the whole South would yield to the degrading embrace ol Kuow-Nothingisrn. ha-only paralyzed the tongue that uttered the loui aspersion upon Virginia's heroic virtue. While examining the returns from our pre-eminent midland Si-ter, the hand of music which the would lie Know-Nothing Organ in our vicinity, has kept in motion lor an lrour or two, suddenly rea-cd its joyous notes, and was -ilenf for trie remainder of the ingi.t. What silenced it- premature melody / Did the more patriotic sound from Rockingham and Shenandoah, together, with the whole of South Eastern Virginia, drown the voice of their instruments.' Or did llo i.\Nll S horn, as its echoes reverberated through the gorges of the Alleghenies. and floated in warlike accents over the vilifies of our State, frighten the "foul birds of nighi" from their croaking chords ! While we are penning this article, the members of the Secret Order are fleeing to their Lodge Roosts, to -eek consolation from each other's lolly. Degraded miscreants, —had they not read that Mount YerVpn holds the ashes of WASHINGTON, and that the Author of the Declaration sleeps beneatn the tomb at Man ticelio / Blinded by their ignorance, and debaseiteiy their prejudices, had they never learned that PATIBFOK HKSRY'S voice had penetialed into every tenement in Virginia,and rendered loyal to the Constitution ;.H* her Democratic sons/- Aye—.-neak away to youi* covert- at the voice of Virginia's chivalrous childien, ye -potted Icpeis, lor lhat voice carries a dagger to your piospects ; but a humanizing -ound to agonizing liberty. Immortal Virginia—the Vestal Virgins were not purer in their lives, in the days of their greatest" purity, than you HI your political creed. Who dare now say, that Treasou can sever tins noble Union, whether it comes lioin the mad fanaticism of Aboli tionism, or the lawless violence ot a misguided mob / To Virginia, her Sisters can appeal with saiety, be cause Justice, Honor, Valor, and Magnanimity, are the jewels which adorn her coronet. Her position is iudeed to be envied—but it is such envy as the good of every clime and creed alone can feel. Virgin/a has stricken the Monster of Know-Notbingisin to the earth, arid it is now wreathing in its agonies. Let our Sisters farther South emulate iier virtuous bear ing, and aid HI consigning the cat case of the beast to the grave ol it- putridity. Virginia is safe ugain-t every effort of the unholy combination. Look at the returns under our telegraphic head, and then thank heaven that Virtue stili lives in our laud. Correspondence of the Philadelphia Argus. GLGGIOIS VICTORY i.Y VIRGINIA. WASHINGTON, May 28, 18-35. , Met-u*. lid t tort —The Virginia election is xover, and "SUM," or lather "Ac-' Liunllinr't uteit putty, is beaten in tje Mate, is beaten in every ( onixe.-- sioual District, but one, and is beaten in the Legista- j tme, and the leaders ol the dark lantern ; arty have 10-.T all the money they could raise to bet on the it- ; suit. Sq confident wete they ol success that they bet two to one freely, arid large amounts were slaked ! on five and ten thousand rfiajouiy lor the dark lan tern candidate tor Governor. It is said they have lost more than one bundled thousand dollar- in this city alone. I think tins election has taught the lead- j era ol the en ml ing- party a very useful les-on, and that' is, that the binding fence of the oath of the ' order, is not sutlicieiitly reliable toju-tifv the rwk oft large sums ol money upon it. They have swoip the : members of the older to deceive their opponents ami instead of doing that they deceived those whoacmin isiefed the oath. They have relied on the efficiency '• of the oath, arid have lost their money—indeed, I many of them are reduced to poverty. The resiilt o! j this election has demonstrated the fact, that the ; boasted invincibility of the "invisible" party, which, for a time, struck tenor into the Democratic ranks, has in reality no existence. The Democracy ot the : "Old Dominion" have met "Sam" in a pitched lattlc, and delected him--fits dark lantern is broken and his military chest,: gone. His lorces are disheaitened, ! disgraced and disbanded. - The tripod, the stump atid the vim race vote weTC elements of power rh%t i he could ueitUsu'control luK-resjUt. Being accustom ed to the teeb.e rays ol the dark lantern, he could net j endure Ihe rays or the sun at noonday. Poor "Bam" ; —fits power is broken—he has no olitces at hisdispo- ; sal—and his "Field Mar-halls" will plI desert hull ' now, and his subordinate officers wilr soon follow j closely in the fooi-teps ot their illustrious leaders, ! and poor "Bam" will soon he forgotten,or remember ed only to be mocked unit ridiculed lor bis vanity j and wickedness, and to be held up as an example of : imbecile inlamy, to be avoided by broken down jioli ticians and h\ pectineal aspirants lor office and polit- j ical power. The nation owes a debt of gratitude to Mr. Wise, lor his hold, feailess anil eloquent defence of Derno crutic principles and measures, and his masterly and irresistable exposition of the anti-republican, wick ed purp.i.es of the dark lantern party. .No other mart in V ll gniia could have taught liie battle, under all the circumstances, with the signal success that he has achieved, and it would seem that the circum stances which brought him into the field, at the pre sent leurtul crisis, were truly proviuential. *2rrest of Hotel Landlords in Boston for Vi olations of ihe New Liquor Law. BOSTON, May 2-3—ln the police Court to-day, Mo-es William-, Paran Stevens, Lew is Rice, Harvey J). Parker, Samuel Q. Coo bran and Joltn Aiorthell, prominent landlord—all liquor denier*, fin- ar raigned under the new law. The governnmfot wit iifs-es not being present, the several ca were po tpomd till Tuesday next. From the Democratic (Miss.) Flag. Kiion \otliiiii; EiiMwiH't*! f] not her .Member Renounces the .Midnight Oath Bound Organization ! ! Read his Letter, j Some weeks ago I authorized the announcement of mv name in connection with the candidacy in this county for the office of probate judge at the ensuing November election. Within the last few days eon- j siderable excitement has been producei! in the com munity by the exposure of an organization yclept the know-nothing party, with its aliases of "stars and stripes," "native American," ike., ki'., with which I exposure my name has been associated and subjected j to aspersion by the unscrupulous of the adherents of j •' that party. As an incumbent of a public office—as lan aspirant lor piomotion, and u private citizen—l ; ! |cel it a duty 1 owe to the public and myself to give : 1 a brief history of my connexion with the order, and ; ■ mv reasons for abandoning and exposing it publicly. : 1 here beg leave to state, however, that 1 was not ! I thefirst to lilt the veil of secrecy, but having declar- j ' ed to its members rriy absolute determination to do -o at what I conceived to be the proper time, 1 have ! now no disposition To shrink Iron: the responsibility, ; nor from making this still more public exposure ot an organization which 1 hud denounced to its mem ; lieis early in the outset of my career in it as dastard- i ly—corrupt in its aims, and hypocritical in its pre-J

I tensions. | Sometime in July or August of last year, a gentie i man, or, if you prefer, a Yankee piano peddler—a I whig—introduced the order in our town through two j other gentlemen and myself. 1 was most solemnly a-sured that it had not, nor could have, Ihe remotest i connexion with either of the old parti-*:—that its principles would not clash with any political or reli- ! gioiis sentiments heretofore entertained, provided 1 ■ was not myself a Catholic that the secrecy of the identity of the Order, to which I offered serious ob jections, was merely a policy for the protection of its j members Irom thp violence of foreigners HI the cities —and that, when it should have attained sufficient i numbers and importance for self-piotertion, the mask j was to be dropped. With these, and many other | asstitaiiees, I submitted—not so much, perhaps, from implicit confidence as from curiosity, and an unw il j liiigness to condemn anything thu- plausibly present ed, and which had already attained a degieeofcon j sequence in the land, without some better grounds 1 for doing so than 1 had hitherto enjoyed. I was till ■i mediately made president of the council at this [ place; presided over some three ur four meetings. a i ; which many were initiated—whig- rushing into it with great eagerness; sometimes a democrat was presented, on which latter occasion the chuckle- was i ; rather ill-suppres-ed. A mysterious order, so exciting to the curiosity— so well calculated to enlist the sympathy of the reli gious Protestant—was seized upon lor its availability by the whig party at once, and has swept over the country like wildfire—embracing at this time within its pale the entire Whig party, with tint a few isola ted exceptions, and a considerable number of the ilvmootatic party, imposed upon by its pretexts and unsuspicious of its aims ; in all about twelve hundred • (in this county) initiated, eight hundred ot whom are legarded by the leaders as reliable HI an emergence. It is somew hat remarkable that among its zealous supporters are men who heretofore have been harm-s --od by no dread from foreign political influence and made their indifference to all religious creeds rather a boast, but are now suddenly warmed into fervid ; enthusiasm and serious apprehensions for the ol our political and protest.mt institutions ! 1 aban- . doned it in disgust, but with careful attention to its 1 various modes and phases till ihe time of its recent public exposure. 1 denounced it at best an adroit party whig Trick, a fraud practiced upon myself and other democrats under the guise of religion and love of country I —the desperate hope, as they admitted, of the Whig party in this State and country I 1 telt : that I was presiding over unhallowed ceremonies at the holocaust of the Democratic party,- the party of ; the government, the party of Jefferson and the patu ot President, the party of my early adoption and warm support through life, over which I was called upon to pronounce, an "Amen !" as choking to the ut terance as that of Macbeth. The obligation of the order requires the candidate ! for admission to swear thar tie "will reveal none of i thf* secrets, signs, grips, pas-winds, fee., of the or. der," and furthermore, to "promise and swear that ' lie fi'ill rote for thr nominee of the ittoro-nolhitig party if lie can conscientiously do so; it he cannot, he. .•/// ) wot vote against, him;" and, as one of '-the secret-" j of the order, "thbt you are not to let it be known j i that you that yo" know of any one else be ing a member of this order ; nor do you know that ' such an order exists in your community. But when : nsked any question in reference hi it, you aie to say { that you l/iotr nothing about it, or g'Ve at least an evasive answer." It may here be r-marked that the express direction of the charge is to convey de- j Bfcerately a false imprrsttion, to lie on the plea of I I public policy—a plea which in this case receives no ; : palliation in a moral sense. When you wi-hto get a friend to join the order, j I the precise mode of entrapping is enjoined in vol- j emu charge. "You ar- (irst to ascertain bis views of the older. If he denounce it. voo are to drop the , subject for thetime being. If his view- are fuvoia bie. however, you are to express an anxiety yourself | tolearri something more about it. perhaps to join it, ' if you thought you could discover their place o( meeting; that you have a suspicion that such an or- j j der may exist in the community ; then propose that j yon and he join together, and that von will endeavor to ascertain their place of meeting," Ne.. &c. The j unmanly duplicity of such conduct in an order j ' contemplating a great religious and political reform 1 needs no comment. The rea-oris which 1 offer to the public for an in- i 5 fraction of what the order claims to be a sacred obii ! gation, ami to which I invite the attention of my ac- j i cusprs, are tl-.e following: j First. An obligation administered by the represen- ; ; tativp or officer of an incorporate body, as in this case, is nugatotv. Whatevn the obligations of Free Masonry and Odd Fellow-hip may he, the cases aie not analogous. Thpse are corporate organizations, operating under the sanction and seal of the State where they exist ; have a chartered right To sue, j j prosecute, recover, kr.; without which their obliga tion, if they have such, would he nugatory. This ' position no respectable jurist will question. Secondly. A moral obligation, tfie preservation of which enforces the commission of a moral wrong, j (to create false impre-.-ron—to lie, as in krow-noth ingi-m,) is void, because evffry rational, accountable creature is under prior obligation to Creator to do what he know- to be right ; or. to adopt the precise language of P.iley, whom none, I dare say, question. "Promises (or promissory oaths) are not binding where the performance is unlawful, even where the unlawfulness is known to the parties at the Time of making them ; as where an assassin promises his em ployer to despatch his riial or his enemy, a servant to betray his master, a friend to assist in a scheme of seduction, &c., ike. The parties ,n these cases aie not obligpd to perform what the promise requires, because they are under prior obligation to the coun try'/ Their promise ; their own act ar.il deed. But an obligation from which a man can discharge hint- < sell', by his own act, is no obligation ar all. The . guilt, therefore, of snch promises lips in the making, not in the breaking of them ; and it, in the interval between the promise and the performance, a man so far recover his reflection as to rppent his engage ments, he ought certainly to break through them." Thirdly. Aside from the above rpnson. I feel my self absolved from the faithlessnes.. of the repre-en tation of the ile-ignsof the order, from the imposition I of Iraud upon myself and its members, in its proving - to be a party trick, thereby clashing with my "po litical sentiments" and liberties; for, to quote from the same authority again in point, "when the promi-e (or promissory oath) is understood by the promise to i proceed upon a certain supposition, or when the promiser apprehended it to be so undersood, and that supposition turns out to be false, then the promise is ' not binding." If th'*se facts, reason, and authority. ; are questioned. Then it will devolve upon my traducers to prove the enntrarv. To the honorable whigs and democrats who have, from thoughtlessness or curiosity, become members I of this order, I would say, if you are not satisfied ! : that "I speak the things that I do know, and testify j that which 1 have seen," just continue with the order j till you have had more ample time to observe its : workings ; if then yon judge (as you most assuredly will) as I have —"if you have nature in you—bear i t it not." i | To mv furious fellow-members I would just observe, I in conclusion, that their manifestations of indignation ! towards myself for the expo-urp 1 havp made, is the 1 most conclusive evidence against them-elves, in the ' eyes of all "oiit-siders. 1 ' I cannot, with all the vani- | ty 1 can invpst, flatter rnvself that my moral infirm ity in the promises, hut tkei'mm , is the true cnti-e of j their incensed condition. Had they been exposed in [ ' an honorable trick—in a respectable tiick—it; a 10l- 1 I I erable trick - or in any oilier tt.an micli as I have i pronoun ceil it —/fay would have seen hut (title cause ; to "weep tiay ami night" their crocodile toai over : my infirmities. Moreover, the u toggery of the trick ■ is but too clearly established by the identity of tlie j persons manifesting excitement and imlignution, un ! der the denunciation ol" their daring whig bond-pay tug j I bantling, to tequire any further demonstration of the | { fact. M. A. McKINNON. j Oxford, April 2T3, TOM FOOIiEKV. The Philadelphia Aewsol* last Saturday (one of the organ-grinders of the K. ISA* in that city) administered the following terrible dose to its readers after receiv ing returns from the ; strong-holds of Whiggery in the Old Dominion ! j Who can lead it without feeling regret and mortification that such a compound of humbug i and meanness should be placed at the head of a .Journal, as the expounder of public sentiment, in the great OJTY of the Keystone State; j SAM'S WORK IN YIKiiIKIA. i Sain seem* to have made sad havoc among the 1.0- j co Focos of the Old Dominion. Sufficient ha- been j heard of his operation*there on Tbuisday last, to a- ! sure us that the American* have redeemed, regener ated and disenthralled that noble old ("oinn.onw ralth, which ha> hitherto served as a soil of Sebastopol to the Democracy. Notwithstanding the idle and vain glorious boast of Henry A. Wise, that he would car ry the State by no less than fifteen or twenty thou sand majority, it is now reduced to a certainty that be is ingloriously beaten by Thomas .S Floiirnrv, arrd it may he by a majority equal to that claimed ! tor himself. Property qualification, viva voce voting. and all the other aibitiary and anti-Democratic lea -1 tares which Loco-Foroi-nt cngrattcd upon the insti tutions of The State, and to which he referred with a boasting confidence in hi- !.i-: .appeal to the voters of the State, as safeguards against Americans, proved ot no avail. Sam, with hi- invincible force-, tri umphed over all the obstacles thus interposed, and has come out of the conte-t more than conqueror.— All honor toliini for his achievement. Tins is undoubtedly a great political triumph, far more important than any vet achieved by the ner ican party. It cannot prove otherwise than the death-knell to Loco-Foroism. The Old Dominion, i which never heretofore could lie swerved in its adhe ; rente and support, was the la-t stay and hope that corrupt and unprincipled party had lor its continued existence as a National organization. With its de . feat there Will end its National existence. It may j continue in name, but if will no longer be a powerful and controlling party of the Nation. Pui/uJe/p/ii:i .Yrir\ of Saturday fast, ALL HONOR to SAM!'" Past Errors and Present Reforms. It is surprising to see fur how manv vears mankind has been shrouded in ignorance. ft is more than surprising to know, as wo do at last, that ail tin* greatest eiJ'orts ol human intel- : lert have been devoted to the illustration ol dangerous or ridiculous theories, and that what ] our poets have sung and our orators celebrated have been miscalled virtues, in the spirit o| insane infatuation. All our history must be ie-vvrilten. The dead pas? must beset lorth in other lights and shades. Philosophy its-!f is p oved to he a fable. Deeds that have been honored must be reviewed hv a new standard and corrected by a new example. Men that ,11— still regarded as benefactors to their race must be pushed (rent th-ir pedestals, and the whole structure t.l society, politics, and morals reconstructed and rehuiit from what we have been foolish enough to regard as its enduring foundations. In a word, we have (alien upon * new times. \eiv nun have originated new ideas: and we must incontinently adapt our i selves to these ideas, or be swept into perdition. The mistakes we have fallen into are at once proof of our own intellectual weakness and of | our moral o'egiadation. Let us take the United Stales as the theatre upon which nest of these mistakes have hnp -1 petted, and where they have been most resolute ly persevered in. It was a great mistake for the pers—cnUr! peo : pie of the Old World to indulge the idea that ! they coithl escape the pains and penalties of a "stale system of religious persecution by corning ; hither. Tt is true thev found here a new coun try and a native population, but the idea that ' that country could successfully resist the pro -1 scriptive example of the tyrants of Europe was • a dream like that which filled the minds of the early adventurers, who looked upon this hem isphere a-a land whose streams were amber and 1 whose sands wete gold. What right had they to expect that such a land would be reserved to them or their descendants? What reason had they to suppose that others would not come ab ler them, with the sword and the brand, the torture and the stake? It is a mistake, also, to suppose that the for eigners who assisted us in the revolution have not been Uul?v paid off lor their services— \—s, paid off and discharged. It would hen greater mistake, if possible, to suppose that these m-n . fought for anything but pay. Their whole ad-i venture proves to lie a shrewd speculation : ! while we, who have been looking upon tltem as so many heroes and gods, must revise our rev- j erep.tial emotions, and rate them a* the merest j soldiers of fortune. It is a grand mistake to suppose that Gporge Washington had attv regard for the foreigners , 1 who fought in the revolution. On the contra-: t IV, as recent researches prove, he was all the 1 time their s-wret enemy. The letters and .speech es which we have been reading as his, and ap proving because they were his, are. doubtless, , 1 wretched forgeries. It is important that, in j : adopting the new version of his character and 1 his sentiments, we should also correct our ad- j miration for Lafayette and his foreign compa- • 1 triots, because it is now char enough that Wash ington had little or no respect for them. j , It is also a most gtievous mistake to suppose ; , that there was any such thing as religious toier- j | afioti in the creed of onr revolutionary ancestors, j . Our old-fashioned notions of Roger Williams, U \\ iliiam Penn, and George Calvert, most he J thrown ofl'as so many worn-out clothes. Will- ; iams was a miserable old fanatic ; Penn, a trader j in lands and in Indian goods: and Lord Haiti- 1 more, a ranting Catholic, whose violence and \ bigotry were only excelled by that other impos- ; t tor, Charles Carroll of Carrollton. i Such are a few of the popular errors which \ i the new party is about to set irt a proper light ; I before the world. The age in which we live j is an age of reason and of reform—of new man- 1 1 tiers and new men. And all of us that have; souls to he saved must how down to the teach- ; ings of the otacles that have risen among us to i ' set this crooked world straight. Our condition ; ( will be peculiar after the reform is complete. t Rut if we discard such foreign works as the t Bible, as Milton, as Shakspeare—if we throw ; I aside all respect lor Magna Charts, with its I machinery of habeas corpi/s, trial hv jury, See. — j if we establish a quarantine beyond which rioth- i ing shall come that is not purely American, | t whether of men or things—at least, we shall ti have a happier Arcadia than ♦hat of old. What j - need of the antiquated authors we have named, i 1 when we can preserve the recollections and j ( the v ri.fings of Mrs. Slowe, Miss Bunkh y, and ! t the honorable Ned Runtime ' What n* t , the Bible it Mormonism s retail,,,) f of society, an ifi-sfod of 011 l r „ viv( . d , lal| J*, What need ol gnat names from other ,, ' 4 wlnie Will,am Poole, Hvttry WtUon, . great deeds, are left an >ong u . s to . . | guard — \?a skin glen Union. * " Terrible Accident on the Jefferscmilu Railroad. The Cincinnati Timn of the I3t|, say* : The locomotive Bartholomew, to which vm attached the freight train, on the Jeflernnin Railroad, a 1.-w iriihs beyond Henry ville |. ; which accident the engineer, Griffin Ha'rru and the fireman, Thomas Cornell, were instaa!*' Iv killed, and a hralteman, whose name we of not ham was strtousiy, if not dangerously wounded. The accident was caused by the want ofwa | ter in the boiler, and was the r-Mili of eit(,. r gross ignorance or culpable card, ssnes,. I The pumps were known to be out of or,fo and unserviceable, and under these circurtisi • : f's, it is a matter of surprise to us that the,,., gitteer was allowed to use the en"in- Tlle itce of the explosion was terrific. Ji „ engineer was blown one hundred and seventy paces from the I rain, through the thick braticiT of the trees, upon which were scattered ! nants ol" his mutilated body and torn clothina The fireman was horribly mangled: his entrails torn but : a portion of his liv.-r was found in one place, an arm in another—his legs in anotliv. The spectacle was shocking to look upon. Cornell was a highly respeclal.lv citizen of Erf inburg, and a member of the Masonic Lodge ~| thai place. Mr. Harris, the engineer, was a| M> a young man, of high respectability-, and of sober, steady ha its. The locomotive as the most complete \> r < f j. We have ever se.-n, and |x>t tior.s of it were thrown several hundred feet. Several ot the freight cars were badlv smashed up. The I. ~ which the Cortinanv til sustain in ronsequenre of the accident will not fall short of SIO,OOO. Tut Dkovcht in Loi'isiana. —The Baton R itige Gazette, in an article on the weather, . says : "Several of the planters in Pinv Woods, and ■ t'v. n in the Fvtiriarifls, have to travel lr m foe 'to eight miles to water their cattle. Kv.rv stream, rivulet, and pond, (many of which ha! not nee,, known to dry within the memory of the oldest inhabitant.) are drained ol their la-t : <lro[) —creating considerable mortality among the cattle tanging in the woods, to the detri ment and ruin of many growers, whose verv means of subsistence is in the cattle market. "In some parts of Livingston parish immense cane lands have been oh fire for more than a month, and it is doubtful whether the Cclwl will be able to -top the ravages ol the fire. The crac king and bursting of the cane can he heard at half a mile distance, and the w hole appear ance of that country is gloomy. Unless > have rain very soon, the raising of atrv cmpi this year in this section will be a visionary idea. A Uitjre Pile of Serpettls. Baron Humboldt says :—"ln (he savannahscf Izaetrho, Guiana, I saw the most wonderful and terrible spectacle that can be seen : and although it be not uncommon to natives, no traveler has ever mentioned it. We were ten men on hers" back, two of whom took the lead, in ordvrfi sound the passages, while I preferred to shit? the forests. One of the men who formed vanguard returned at full gallop and called to me, 'Here sir come and see serpents in a pile.' He pointed to something elevated in the mnv> of the savannah swamp, which appeared like a bundle of arms. One of my company said,'TlT is certainly one of the assemblies of serpent* which heap themselves on each other altera violent tempest. 1 have heard of these, 'ut never saw any : let us proceed cautiously, and not go too near them.' "When we were within 20 paces of it. tie terror ol our horse, prevented our approaching nearer, to which none of us inclined. Ona sudden the pyramid mass became agitated:a Lorid hissing issued from it, thousands of serpent* rolled spirally on each other, and shot fori limit of the circle their envenomed darts and fieri eves to us. ! own T was the first to draw lark, hut when T saw this formidable phalanx rerrs at its post, and appear to he more disposed u defend itself than to attack us, I rode around in order to view its order of battle, which fan 1 the enemy on every side. I then thought what could he the design of this assemblage: and: concluded that this species til serpent dreads some colossal enemy, which might be the git-it set pen t or cayman, and they reunite after seeing the enem v, so as to resist the wit-ru in a mass. Bkreavemknt.—A toting son of Mr. (*har: Rhoads of Pottsgrcve township, this connti, was bitten by a dog supposed to lie mad, a a uo.'itJi since. Medical attention was gh' ■ and sonie ot Dr. Stoy's remedy was prorto. hut it titd not remain upon the child's st ii f' Last week the latl complained of pain in !'• arm, which was followed by a general pi ' tion of the system, accompanied by v spas'rris, which coded in death on 1 morning last. The sickness it from the w'" ■ he received was in the mildest form, ! '*'■ 1! " ;: ertlieless a sad bereavement. The record of this case is only useful e caution to the public to put an end to a' l fi: "U cious looking curs that are permitted t" t !!fi large, nine-tenths of which are a public ance and no advantage to the owners.— ' 0 town Ledger. Sixci LAU EsCAi'n. —A few days since, * Mrs. Danlorth, of Warren, ra., was engage" her usual duties, a heavy thunder storm < J up, and in the midst of its fury a lightuinS ß ' r descended upon her, burning her hair Iron' crown of the head to the tack ol the neck, ing her hair pins, and proceeding down body—leaving its mark as it \v-nt—■ 1 r passed through the floor. Strange to say Jady lived and is rapidly recovering. Wf.i.l saio. —An exchange paper with go' l ' ob-erves : "The Knovv-Notbina creeil declares Ike Catholic, no matter how sincerely he t" J > r ., his Maker, unworthy of political yrnpajh). the atheist, deist, debauchee, infidel. Mortf' Buhdist, is recognized a, a worthy brother. i Whkat Cuoe in Maryi.and — We have '"W ♦ with gentlemen in the farming interest, t'" George's, Hartford and Somerset countie*t w that 1 lie present prospects are hishly annuitant crop of wheat. Fiona other F" f ' n , State we have heard of signs equally cP ' T■ breadstnffs generally. The planting let erop. all over the country, we-observe bt ' . . lias been more exteniv<e. thans pct-liap •" mer ooca<ion. — Holt: Vain of.