Newspaper of Bedford Gazette, June 15, 1855, Page 2

Newspaper of Bedford Gazette dated June 15, 1855 Page 2
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THE BEDFORD BIZETTE. Kt'dl'oni, .luiif I "5, I h.W, 6. W. Bowman, Editor and Proprietor- THE AILRTANT GEXERAL QFESTIOI. STTo the military of the Commonwealth, it j)- 1,4 j become a matter of surprize and severe censure that j the question of Adjutant General i- still hanging in an mtdteidril condition, to their great annoyance.— This is no fault of otirs, but rests entirely with the administration, which eouid have had the matter le gally decided within ten davs after Governor Pollock i-sod a commission to Col. Tfcos. J. Power, if they had seen proper to do so. It's took ttie earlie-t mo ment at or command to here a /rope' decision upon the 'question—and, notwithstanding toe Supreme: Court of Pennsylvania, now in ses-ion at liarrisburg, j fixed upon two specific days for hearing the argument of counsel on the subject, in both instances the At- '■ tar/iey flcrrerul tailed to be ready, not withstanding our Attorney, Hon. Jons Ces-sa, made the second day of hearing the object ofa special trip to Harris- j burg. The cause has been postponed unfit the loth j day of August, when it wili be aigued before the >u- ; prerr.e Court, in the Court House, m the Botangh ol Bedford. In tiie meantime, all persons having bnsi-j ness with the Adjutant General will addre-s their : communication- to Bedford, as heretofore. THE I'M* US Tiill kK\ ! j'-p*" Tht* following article Irotn the Lauras- ; ler Examiner, the old W log 0: gait of '.hat city, exhibits the Slate Administration in no very enviable light : The liarrisburg Telegraph inquires whither the name of the editor of this paper "was no' presented To the Governor for Sfecretury of rhe Commonwealth with his knowledge and consent.''" Al-o, "whether he tin: i.nt so -late hi- po-it;on when applied to for his influence in behalf oi another party. Two week- ago we pronounced the as-ertion that the editor of th - paper was an applicant for ou of fice in the gift ol Gov. Pollock, a wilful ait deliber ate falsehood. Till lie wa- given plump to fie TtU rscph as tti>* ntterer of the till -"hood, and to tne Governor if he was authority tor It. Roth jiartir were thereby placed at liberty to poblt-h any evi dence in the pn -es-tou ot either gooig to sustain the aitegntiou either directly or indirectly. Ibis they Jia-.e not attempted. Honorable ,ru, when they could not sustain a charge of the kind, would have retracted it. But these parties have neither tb<* courage to tell a lie boldly ror the magnanimity 'o withdraw a !i-e charge. They resort to the mean est and paltriest ot a!! ways by which a false impres sion can be conveyed—by insinuation or implication. tVe pronounc " the insinuation conveyed in the ques tion'- asked by Th" Tetrgrnph as false and unfounded a- 'he original charge. It may cither produce the evidence on w tilth it is ha-ed, or re-f umier the direct charge heretofore made and again repeated, • :.at it is The utterer of aw illful at.d deliberate falsehood.— And the Governor, who is a pre any ■/ in the ease, and responsible borh in law and moral- for the acts of his agent, n.-n-t remain in the same category. For the credit of the old Whig name we are glad the administration lays no claim to the name of Whig. . it is wholly in the hands o: the Know-Nothings, ami receives the kick- and cuffs of the organs of that party with hemming meekness. It may hope to carry savor with the ordpr by inventing and circulating; falsehood- about the editor of the lira/aiit'-r. but JUST so far as-u.-h a course will elevate it in K.N. esteem, will low er it m the opinion o( honorable mm. A PICTLRE OF THE TIMES! appointment of Mbhei.ii Al'Gi.atiikbv— an Irish- Know Nothing, to he an Associate Judge of Montgomery county, is bringing the press down on Gov. Pollock, in all quarter-. NUGlatiiehv max a "kind ola Democrat," sucked all he could out of the partv, and when they shook him off"on account ol his l.ot biting viortb the fodder lor which he inces-aritly bavvled, he went over to the-night-ha wks, ami like all broken down political hacks and bank-up? politicians, ; turned out to be a tirst-tate "American" arid goes his death on the furriturx llontET Iredell, Ksq.. the modest and gentlemanly editor of the Herald ami Free J'rtxt, a paper that supported the election of Gov. Pollock, was a candidate for the -arne office, and not withstanding he vva- backed up by a unanimous peti t.on from the bar at Norn-town, was not considered good enough an "American," notwithstanding he and bis ancestors for many generations were born in Hors ham township. We are happy to -tate that a- soon as Mr. I reps Li. ascertained what influences were at work at liarrisburg, immediately withdrew his ap- ! plication. — Doylrsiown Democrat, May k. \. Hl<onal inuvcttriou. The Philadelphia Ledger of Tuesday, gives the fol lowing account of the meeting of the know-Nothing National Convention in that eity : "The Krt/rw-Nothing National Convention assem ble- in this city to day. We hear that there are two hundred and ten delegates, representing every State in the Union. It is al-o said by the New Orleau- Bulletin that tho-e sent from New Orleans are Catho lics in, religion, and some do not speak the iinglish language. The ta-k of reconciling the Southern and Northern branch of the Convention, -o a- to have a single platform for such iiis-lm:lar materials, will be a delicate and difficult one. The question of slavery •vill aGo be a fruitful subject of discord, anil if the Convention can quiet this "000101011 disturber" it will accomplish what no other party ha- ever suc ceeded in doing effectually. The Convention will be . pm'ate in its proceedings the fir-t day. Publicity! after that will depend upon the action ofa majority of its members, USMiI TO 1 POI.W! From the Stark County (0) Democrat. To the Preaiflent and .Members ot the Pittsbvro So nod, of the Lutheran Ghurch. Reverend Crcntlemen and brethren : We as lay members of Ihe Lutheran cbnrcb, compliment our selves, with your visit to our city to-morrow, and pray that during your sojourn and session here, your labors and deliberations may be accompanied with the blessings of your divine master. The pn-sent political crisis in our country has cre ated di-cord and di--etision among the clergy and lav members of several denominations of the I'rotes- , taut church, and ministers of our own denomination, in various portions of tire country have evinced a disposition, by their zeal lor the so railed "American • cause," "Abolitionism," and "Maine Law .sm," to ; advocate their progress in and out ol the holy Sonetu- . aty of the Lord. We therefore, as lay members of the Lutheran ' church, believing its doctrines To be decidedly oppo- ; sed to intolerance and proscription, arid no less Ojqio- i ned to the introduction of political questions within ihe waJis of the church, hope, and anticipate during your session here, to.obtain from you a bold and fear less expre.--:on on that subject, arid ul.-o whether it t< consistent with the doctrine- of our church, for a 1 Minister or lay member, to commit himself hy an oa'h with a secret, mid-night, juridical order, pro sciiptive and intolerant in it- cbararter. and opposed ' To- the principle of person- "vvoisbijining God accord ing *0 the dictates of their own conscience ?" We addres- you with the above, unrrainped by ; apologies, ami solicit a like frank and public re-ponse through the column- of this, or any paper of this city. \ ours, very respectfully, -M\\Y LrfltEitANS OrSIAEK Co. Canton, June Cth_. !&o.r. Success, the most brilliant and com pii*te,on!y renders it, in otir the more neces-sary lor the parly now to adopt an ojsen organization. The American partv must fe wholly reversed beidre it will tor any continued length sanction secret political operations. It is entirely true of all its Americans, that what ever our vices are, we love openness and pub licity, we detest the littleness and treachery which gropes in darkness, intrigue, and trickery, because destitute of the coinage and strength open I v to defy and meet in op|K>sition to its principles and it. assumed rights. - Phil. .Wuss, S|HM'(b of Hon. J. .IS. Porter. C/"We publish below the resolutions pas-nl j at a grand tra-s meeting in Old Northampton . Countp, a few days since, in !ir>nor ot the tri- j utnph bt Democratic principles in the patriotic.! State of Virginia, together with the eloquent and masterly speech of Hon. JAMES M. POR TER delivered on the occasion—a speech we hope to see copied into every Democratic, paper 1 in this Common wealth, containing, as it does, j advice and arguments of the most pointed and valuable character. James M. Porter, wheth er considered as a Lawyer, a Judge, a Statesman, a Gentleman, or a Democrat, is one of the men of whom the jeople ot this mighty Common wealth have reason to leel proud—and the facts he has portrayed in this speech cannot lail to ; enlist the earnest attention and warm regard • of the united Democracy of Pennsylvania. Ihe resolutions, too,are worthy the men from whom thev emanate : OLD NORTHAMPTON Mli! PATRIOTIC RESOLUTION'S. I'be Democracy of Northampton county has assem bled in its might to congratulate its members, and our ieilow-republieans Jhioeghout the State and L nion on the triumph of correct principles in the elec tion of Henry A. H tse, the candidate of the party, a, governor ot Virginia—to renew our allegiance to our time honored organization —to L-ar our testimony to the correct principles of our party —to the ruinous results which have ever characterized the tempora ry successes ot our opponents : and to prepare for the coming contest in our own State : We do therefore Resolve : 1. That we hail with unmixed feelitigs ot gratifi cation, the glorious triumph of the principles of De mocracy' at the recent elect ion in the good old ( om monwealth of Virginia. A result which has stem med the torrent of error, fra'xl. fanaticism and bigo try, which had threatened to overwhelm our land— sap the foundations ot our institutions —violate the principles of our constitution anil jeopard the I nion of these States, cemented by the toil and blood ot the j Revolution and established by the wisdom and patri otism of our ancestors. *2. That The native state o! Washington, Jefferson, .Mailt-on, Monroe and Patrick Henry va - the proper held for the defeat of the conspirators against the constitution and laws ot our country. It was the pro per bieakwater, in the language ot President Ptetce, to stay the tide of Know Norhingism, Abolitionism, anil all ofl.ei intolerant /.w/o, that bad tor their ob ject the destruction of all that m near and dear to the friends of our glorious Union—a- well as to the friends of civil and religion- liberty everywhere. :t That we were wont to boa-t. that this, our land, was an asylum lor the oppressed ot all nation-, and we invite Mich hither to tabernacle among u protrn-ing theni, that here they should be permitted to worship God according to the dictates of their own consfienees—with none to harm thern or make them afraid. We promised them the enjoyment ot those equal rights won for us by our father-, and a partici pation in our ; ivib-gps , tizeus of this tree repub lic, when alter a reasonable probation they deliberate ly de-tred to become our fellow-citizens.and we are not willing to incur the reproach, that ail these invita tions, professions and promises were mere hollow hypocrisy. t. That the secret conspiracy which, within the last year, has been concocted by wicked and design ing men to create prejudices and distinctions between native born and naturalized citizens, and between different religious detiomm.Tions—■ which are not on ly not recognized, but forbidden by the Const.tut on, should be reprobated by every honest m.to, who has the welfare of his country at heart. .7. That the attempt to prevent an open and inde pendent expression of opinion by any section of nor citizens in the selection of men lor office, by secret ly compelling the members of the -elf-styled Ameri can party to vo r e tor whoever a majority of their as sociation shall select—no matter how deficient m qualifications and integrity, and without regard to the preferences of the voter, is a conspiracy against the liberties of our country and the free and indepen dent exercise of th<* right of suffrage. 6. That a I secret oaths and engagement* to de prive any ot our citizens ol tne right- guaranteed to them bv the Constitution, is a conspiracy against the rights of ma: —ar.d a wicked attempt to introduce an irresponsible tyranny and <te.-po'i*m among ns.— And every lover of his country should stand boldly forth to put a .-top to such an iniquitous system. 7. Thai tms nevv fangled order of Know-Nothings, or by whatever other appellation they may denomi nate themselves, originated in fraud, falsehood and corruption—and i- but another phase, w hich the ene mies of Democracy have a--uin'-'i to eftcrt. it T:.--y could, it- overthrow ami the pro-tration of the equal rights it secures to all. That glorious Democratic party which hi- ever stood up tor the rights of the people, airid which all experience has shown, is the only true American party.—and the only party which, in this country, can be safely trusted with power. S. That the Democracy of Northampton county pledges themselves To their fellow-citizens of the State and Union to join heart and hard in restoring our Commonwealth to the hand- of the Democracy at the next election, and to redeem our State from the disgrace am! degradation to which she has been -objected under Know-Noihir.g mi-rule during the past year; and ore" more to place her in her former proud pi- it ion tti the tront rank ot the Democracy of i the Union to stand side by sue with the glorious old i and steadfast Commonwealth of \ uginia. SPEECH OF !!o\. JAMES M. PORTER. Hon. J. M. PORTFK, arose and seconded the re solutions, in doing which he -aid : It give- me pleasure to second The re-o'ntion- which have just been proposed. Virginia has covered her self with glory —he hit? beer, faithful among the faith less—or rather I should say, she has not suffered er ror or prejudice to mislead her: and it is no small virtue to remain steadfa-t to principle when error and ile!ii-ion have led -o many astray. In iiie-e times when there is so much political ptosfitution —when so many are toady to sacrifice The right to the ex peiLenf—when the terrible doctrine is proclaimed, that jtohtica! success will sanctify political fraud, it is cheering to find one green spot amid the wild wasty of political demoralization, which a thirst lor office, and a love of power have produced. These resolutions breathe the piroper spirit. The election ot Henry A. Wise, ttie manly and indomita ble candidate of the Democratic party :ri Virginia, is a result which ha- stemmed the torrent of error, fraud anil fanaticism, ft will, under Providence, be the means of putting an end toan unmoral political move ment which threatened to overwhelm our laud, tend ed to sap liie lotßiJatioAs of our institutions—was al together at war with principle- of our government and would jeopard the Union of These States. The propagation of error is always most deleteri ous w hen it bears upon it propositions which address themselves To our feelings and prejudices—in other words soplusnis are apt to mislead when they bear the semblance ot truth and accuracy. Acting upon this principle, this new organization has sought to seize upon power and place on the plausible pretext, that its object is to c;ui-e America to be ruled by A mericans. Thus endeavoring to enlist the passions and prejudices of a large majority of our citizens a gainst a meagre minority. i;i fact, America is ruled by Americans, for nine tenths of our citizens were luirti upon our own soil, ami lhe attempt to create an impression that we are ruled by foreigners, is a gross fraud. Again, the members of this organization are aware that a large proportion of our citizens, though ol dif ferent religious denominations, are protestants, and brought up Iroin their earliest infancy, to abhor many of the doctrines, and especially the church govern ments of the Uonruin Cul holic Church, and t hey would seize upon this prejudice to aid them in their unholy designs. Religion- disputes, have ever been the most violent, and when men get into tbein. they seem to have lost all regard for each other's rights arid feelings; and by their virulence have brought reproach iipsn the religion of our hlc-sed Saviour. What wars ami masacre.-v has it not led to ? And it is not pecu liar to any one sect, when they possess the civil pow er, to attempt to enforce their own particular reli gious tenets upon the minds anil lonsciences of oth ers. The desiie to persecute tor opinion's sahe, would ;i em to be inheient iu our r.u'.urc. It is one evidence of the iDron-i'lnrf of man, that when the ! Puritans, who had tied from retigiou- persecution in i Kuropy, landed upon our shores, among tbeir first arts i they refused to permit a Roman Catholic, a Ifuaker ; or a Baptist to reside among them, under pain of L dpath. All restraints hv law, or the Supreme power of the i State, in the exercise of religious opinions are at war with Ihe rights of man. All tmmmels upon eon- j science are equally tyranny and oppression ; aud yet, they w ere tirst removed in this country by the organ ic laws of the states of the Union. I believe the right to worship God according to the dictates of a man's conscience, was first recognized in the Qnaker colony of Penusylvawa and the Roman Catholic colo ny of Maryland. [Tnderstsiwl me. 1 am no advocate or apologist for either the doctrine or the church government of the Roman Catholics : I am, in my religions sentiments, j an old school Presbyterian, by birth, habits and con victim;. Rut lan unwitting that religions opinions .should ever be mingled v*'tf political considerations. A man's religion- belief is a thing between him and : h.- God, and 1 believe thai with the lights before . him, man is respon-tble to his maker for the correct ness of hi< religious belief aud sentiments, in essen tial matters. The advocates of the doctrines of any sec; have a right to make as many religious proselytes a- they please. They have a right, by-all the fair and legit imate arguments that they can u-e. to convince their lellovv-meii that their doctrines and plans of church government are correct. But, the religious and po litical institutions of a country must be kept distinct. Religion is always injured bv being brought into contact with politics. It is too sacred a thing ever to be connected with the civil government of the counlry. Both fhe interest- of religion and the right.- Ct the eitif ens aie prejudiced by it. To the honor of the-e free Urates, they have, in the Theory of their government, provided for the utmost freedom of thought and action on the subject ol reli gion and equal right- to all religious denominations. The Constitution of the United States provides : "Uon- gfes. -ball make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof, or abridging the freedom nf-peech or of the press. The Constitution of Pennsylvania say- : "all men have a natural and indefeasible right to woi-hip Al mighty God according to fie dictates of their own consciences; no man can. ot right.be compelled to attend, erect or support any place of wor-hipor main tain any minister agau st his consent ; no human au thority can, in any case whatever, control or infer fere with the rights of conscience, and no preference shall ever be given, bv law. 1o any religious estab lishments or n.ode§ of worship. No per-on who acknowledges the being ola God, and a future state of rewards and punishments, shall, ou account of his religious sentiments, be disquali fied to hold any office or ydace of trust or ptolit under this common wealth." Again, it declares that the free "communication of thoughts and opinions, is one of the invaluable right- of man, and that every cili7.cn may treely speak, write and prit.'. on any subject, bell g respon sible for the abuse of that liberty." At this dav trie -ame provisions are substantially contained in the Cons tit lit ion* of all the States. I hey ;ns Tfie caidioal doctrines n: the revolution, which lir-t put upon record as the basis of all true govern ment that all power is inherent in the people, and that all governments derive their just powers from the consent of the governed. Again, the constitution of the United States con fers upon Congress tile power "to estab!ish a uniform rule of ti;;f nralization," and t will lie remembered by all, that one of the act- of arbitrary power, which justified our lore-fathers in ca'ting off all allegiance to the British King, as recited in the Declaration ol Independence, was his refn-al to sanction the laws lor the naturalization of foreigners. Our fore-fathers thought, and thought rightfv,that it was the interc-t, a-well as the policy of this country to encourage the cm gration oi foreigners, to settle among us, when they deliberately expre-sed a preference lor our institution-and farm of government. Our popu lation would no* have been able, by the ordinar-y in crease of the human family, without the aid of emi gration, to augment sufficiently for the exigencies of our country. We had touch, ami still have much vacant ar.d unimproved land to bring into culture— we were not able in ourselves to spare the necessary hands lrom the culture of the soil, from the mechanic art* and sciences—and above all. >n our sympathetic feelings for The oppres-ed of other lands, we held out to timm The hand of invitation and friendship, fo come among us and participate in the enjoyments of free lbought tree -|(ee c t,—free conscience and tree i ights, which vie enjoyed. Our tat tier* had fled from oppres sion to the-;- shores, and felt it it sacred duty to make our land an asylum for all who had been oppressed like them. The enn-t station of the~Unitod States makes no distinction between natural born and naturalized cit izens, except that the latter are excluded from the offices of President and Vice President ol the United States. We have therefore rhe-e things laid down as funda mental principles of our government—while they ex ist, we have no right direct!}' to disregard them— indeed the law would not permit lis so todo. What we cat.not do directly, we ought not fo h- permitted to do indirectly—hence it was tf.at when filling a judicial station 1 felt It mv duty to charge the grand Junes in and adjacent district that: "If any two or more men shall combine together for the purpose of preventing any of our citizens, nat uralized or native, ftom enjoving the right guaran teed to them by the constitution, it is a conspiracy and punishable as such by indictment. If any two or more men combine together to pre vent any citizen from enjoving the rights guaranteed to him by the constitution, on account of fis religi gou- feeling, or particular mode ot worshipping the!, it is a conspiracy and punishable a- such by in d icl rneiit. If any number of men, combine of form themselves into an association, by agreements, vow or oaths to control the opinions and votes ot any portion of citi zens, m trie exerci-e of their suffrages, so that they shall vote not according to their own choice or the dictates of their own consciences, but as ,i majority of such association shall determine, it is a conspira cy and punishable as such by indictment. Am! H is the agreement to do 'lre act, that con stitutes the criminality, even if the act itself be no done." I took occasion then, also to say: "That if any person or persons, shall have unthinkingly, unadvis edly or without being aware o! the criminal chrtiac ter of-uch an art, joined such association or taken upon himself any such vows, obligation-, or oaths, they are rtot binding upon him in law and ought not to be in morals. Me will enact the part of a good citizen by eschewing all such fellowship or associa tion and abandoning their illegal enterprise." I'pori a careful review of this subject, I can see nothing in law or morals to induce any change in the doctrines thus laid down, and 1 am glad to find that tile same views have been taken upon this subject in New York and North Carolina. It is the view wh-ch is sanctioned by Jaw, by sound policy and good morals. From what we learn of this association which changes its name as often as Proteus is fabled to have changed his form, the members are sworn to deny that they belong to it. That they are to preserve its secrets and that all their doing- are secret ami in conclave. They vote in secret to nominate their can didates for political offices, and each member is sworn fo vote for Ihe candidate who receives such secret nomination—they are sworn not to support the nom ination or appointment of any man, who happened riot to draw his tir-t breath upon our -oil or who has ln-en educated or chooses to worship find according to the ritual and doctrine- of the Roman Cetfcolic Church. There may be other objectionable obliga tions a-sumed by the member but the.,,- are enough

in all con-cience, to stamp their proceedings with the reprobation of all honest men who love the institu tions of our country. In the fir.-: place, a high regard to tnoialitv will insure correct habits of thinking and acting. A sa cred regard for truth, is essential to the well being of the community. A wilful disregard of Truth isthe father of a whole system of crimes. Whatever tends to produce such disregard inflicts a positive injury upon the community. By reducing the standard of truth ami encouraging immorality. What, then shall we think of an organization which requires of its members an oath that they will tint sjieak the truth, but that they will utter false hood in denying that they belong to it. Kveu the habit of equivocation, which, would Hold the word of promise to the ear And break it to tbe -ense, tends greatly to destroy the moral sense, and who would desire to live in a community where such doc trines were generally th rule of action ? Again, in their mode of selecting candidates, this secret, midnight voting argues that there is some thing kw: gin ij. Why seek the dark unless their deeds are evil .' In a republican government, where ' the people are -wfeieign, *vei ythtng should he o|iett j to the face of day. In the ordinary transactions of j life, we find it laid down that the secret transaction p. business is always su-picious. In political toea- , Mires the people should always know everything that , is proposed and they should have a lull opportunity j of discussing the merits and pretension- of every can didate who is propospd for office, openly and publicly, in ord-r that the best men may be selected. In a -g- I cret cabal, the designing demagogue has a greater' opportunity to further Ins own selfish views and rob ; the people of their rights. And,if he can in addition ; ' to this, compel other# to support him in his iniquit- | ou- projects, great indeed is the injury inflicted upon j popular sovereignty. But then, this compelling men 1 : jn sacrifice their own opinion, and vote as other- ! i -half direct, is an utter subversion of the right of; ; suffrage— it is tyranny and despotism, whether ex- j crrtsed by one man or by many men—the tyranny of the many is often more destructive of the rights of others than the tyranny of one man. There may be I generous impulses about a despot which would not pervade a set of selfish aristocrats or demagogues.— The giving up ol one's own opinion of the fitness of a ■ candidate for office and blindly following the orders of othe r in voting, i- entirely destructive of the right of free choice which is the object of the ballot box- The open meeting together of men professing the I same political creed and selecting from a number of I aspirants those thought worthy of public support for office, is a proper mode for the concentration of pub lie opinion, to carry out the principle-ol the party, j hut there i. no compulsion by secret oaths in that ca-e, to compel a man to vote for such candidate if he is not worthy of public confidence. That is a very different thing from the secret midnight oath bound conclave of the Know-Nothings, lt was the secret conclaves ; the deep and silent intrigues of thetyrants who ruled "France in the reign of terror, that under the name of libertv. deluged that fair country with blood. Beware that you do not permit like causes to produce like efT-ds heie. So much for the moral and political aspects of this organizalioo. independent of its attempts m restrict the rights of naturalized citizens and Catholic-, fn these respect-, their operations are as unjust in point of principles, as thev are illegal and unconstitutional in point of law. Ir is an attempt, bv operating upon sectarian and local feelings, to create a prejudice against all persons horn in foreign cnuntries—no mat ter how long since they may have been naturalized nor how long they have resided among u— no matter that They are men of the highest moral worth, intel ligence ar.d virtue. No matter that they have come to this country from deliberate choice, and have mar ried and settled among you. None of these thing can be taken into consideration in a proscription that reaches the w hole class. Talents, capacity, integrity ot the highesr older, arid education of the mo-t fitii-h --ed kind, ar>* all to he set aside fur the mere accident of birth. Many of these foreigners who have come here by choice many who have come h-re in infan cy with their parents, and have really known no other country than fh:-. have been citizens of (he United Slates for more years than many of those who find fault with thpin have attained. I am not one of those, who prrf'rr foreigners to native bom citizens. But all should have the nght wh eh the constitution guarantees. As i? lias, been remarked, there i- little danger of the naturalized citizens controlling our election*. Notwithstanding all that can lie said upon this -nhjec? as to the matter of principles, there i- ami will be such a partiality among th>- majority oi our native horn citizen-, in lavor of themselves, that they will riot grant to the minority, which our naturalized citizen- compo-e. a whit more of public patronage and employment, Than their numbers and capacity entitle them to—if so much. There tnav have been exceptions to thi-. in former days, in some of our large cities, w here both the political parties into which our conntrv was di vided, have been courting Ihe foreign population bv giving theui place and office. But this hj, corrected itself, and now they scarcely have justice done to them iti this re-pect. Such was even the case before this organized proscription took place. But through out the country thev constitute but a drop in the bucket of our entire population, so that if thev were even dispn-ed to evil, ot which we have no evidence, they would he perfectly impotent to accomplish their Object. The result therefore is, that this denunciation and proscription of naturalized citizens, is sheer pretense —a bug-bear, created by political hypocrites and knaves, to bamboozle political fools. A sheer hum bug To bring unthinking men from the support of the Democratic party, which always goe- for the support of the principles of tree government and has in view the greatest good of the greatest number—maintains the right and capacity of the people to govern them selves, extends equal rights to all, because it holds that all rn'-n are created equal. It is to seduce men from flii party to aid unprincipled a-pirants to obtain office and plac-—to fatten upon the public—to be fed from the public treasury, that this prejudice is fos tered and fomented. This and the prejudice excited agan st one christian denomination, have enabled this organization by coalescing with other r*.s to sweep the late elections in several of the t-fate- and invest them with power, which they have in every instance aflfid, used without discretion ami without at y re gard to the organic law of our country. Th' pro scription. for opinion's sake in matters of religion, independent of its beir.g a palpable infraction of the principle- of the constitution of the United States and of this Stare, and a criminal offence, tor which, fhe punishment by fine and imprisonment, is none too heavy, is calculated to set society by its ears, and introduce a state of feeiing that would make a perfect Pandemonium ofonrhappv conntiy—it is an offence, against the light and intelligence of the nine teenth century —an attempt to bring us back to the da-k ag.-s ot barbnti-m and superstition, ere the press had been brought in u-e Tosprcad light and knowledge over a benighted world. If the moral and political atmosphere of our country, i- thus to be beclouded, then the Declaration of Independence was adopted for nothing, and the toil, treasure and blood of the Revo lution spent in pur-nit of a phantom, which appeared but to deluge the oppressed and down-trodden friends ol liberty. This • Section in Virginia has cheered the members of the Democratic party throughout the ['iron. It shows, that there i- a redeeming spirit in thp people —it encourage- the republican.by *rivinn him another evidence that the people are fit to be their own rulers —it -rives to ail who have an abiding confidence in popular jovernment an assurance that that confidence is not misplaced. The people are awakened to a sense of the error and misrepresentation by which they were misled. The light of troth is irradiating our whole political atmosphere, and error and mis representation must fly diseomfitted from the radiant light of truth. Hundreds and thousands of deceived men seeing the abyss into which the measures of their deceivers were about to plunge the institutions ol our country, will shrink aghast from the spectacle refu-e their aid to make shipwreck of the hope- of patriotism, and turn upon the men who have been luring them on to This work of destruction. The people are al ways honest when rightly informed; they never inten tionally do a jiolitica! wrong. If under impulse and misrepresentation, they sometimes err trooi the infir mity of human nature, they correet the evil at the first opportunity. Time and the ballot box—the dif fusion of knowledge and truth are great correctives of the evils to which political society is subject. To those who have unwillingly been led a-tiay but have now seen their error, arid repent nf if. |e; n bold out the hand of reconciliation and forgiveness. To err is human—to forgive divine. To tho-e who, with light anil truth before them, per-ist in these flagitious attempts to violate the right" dear to freemen. no such kindly fee! ings should he extended they have shown the rloven foot and are unfit associates for the children of truth ami light. Thank God, the I)emocrary ol the "Tenth Ltgiou" has stood firm throughout this conflict. To her is to be imputed no part of the degradation to which our Commonwealth has been subjected"-—let ns again stand together, shoulder to shoulder, a solid phalanx in the great armv of Democracy. Let ns watch that no traitors or hypocrites be put forth as our standard bearers, and we may. at the next session of the Leg islature, sw eep from our statute books much of the disgraceful legislation which the wickedness, cor ruption and ignorance of the |a-t legislature enacted. It may safely he said of them, that they have fur nished another conclusive evidence that our political opponents never obtained power that they did not abuse it, and never got into power without being turned out by the people at the first constitutional opportunity. S.M) Rgist r/r OF JF.ISTI.XG. —On the 2d instant, I at Memphis, Tennessee, a young man, in a spirit ot levity, said to Mis. Green VVatmiey, a ' respectable lady in delicate health, that her husband haii been seriously injured hv a dray running over him. The announcement gave her such a shock that she immediately fainted, and in a short time was a corpse. A KNOW NOTHING PORTRAIT, Drawn by Co/. JIFCIure, Editor of tfir Chnm berkburz Repository ami Whig, and one of Gov. POLLOCK'S prominent Ojfice-h'ol ders ! ! Jfthe American party would regain the pow er it has lost—yea, if even its existence is to witness national organization and a national victory, il can no longer delay the thorough mod ification of its anti-repuhlican system of disci pline. It standard must be flung to the breeze in open dav with its principles inscribed there on,or it-must fall a speedy victim to the very causes whir l) have given it its hot-bed growth. Its extra-judicial oaths, requiring .1 blind adhe sion to the edicts of the partv without regard to the claims of men or measures, is a feature of political discipline that must soon die out in a country proverbial for its political and persona! freedom, as is ours. In Virginia it only served to make the discomfiture more poignant and overwhelming. Thousands of men, hound by all the solemnity of an extraordinary oath, trembled and faltered as they were called upon to give their r/r suffrages in accordance with their obligations. The oath was to have secured certain success, hut the result demon strates that it is stripped of all its moral power when its is prostituted to unworthy purposes.— Thus thousands of high-minded, independent Whig voters were driven over to WISE bv the intolerant movements of the American partv, and other thousands who were to fill up the vacant places had not the nerve to face the light fo day in the exercise of their guaranteed rights. Thus was Wise ejected—thus was American ism defeated, not onlv in the State at large bv more than a usual Democratic majority, hut not a single Congressman fas been saved from the wreck. We submit in all candor whether tlies,- results do not demand the serious reflec tion oftfie American party. It is the warning voice that presents the alternative to the order, 'to choose hi'twee,, the immediate adoption of a si ste;n of government suited to the sympathies I of the American people, embracing the largest measure of persrnal freedom, or accept an in gloi i. us overthrow. We know that hundreds fold partv hacks, all manner of political trick sters. all styles of nev fledged leaders, whose flattering self-importance is threatened. v< ill at once denounce any efforts to popularize the American party. They have everything to gain and nothing to lose, and their only hope of | success is hv those regulations which ignore merit, and hind the subordinates to a ; ject sub mission. Such will tell how fortunate was the defeat in Virginia how immeasurably the partv is to fie benefitted thereby, and how disas trous would have been th-> election of the American ticket at this particular crisis, though de ir heartv huzzas over the proseriptive defeat iof the Democracy have scarcely died away.— They are Americans on!v herause old parties ; in ! better men tor official station, and because they have high hopes of" success now if Know- Nothingism can only be rrade to preserve its present inviting avenues for [Kifitical chicanery. They care not how s "in tbev drive it to destruc tion if'thev can only reach power, and hence it .s with them a question of life <>r death to resist the modifications which alone can save the American party from annihilation. The National Council of the Know-Nothings : assembled at Philadelphia yesterday, and next to the disflading question of Slavery, that of an ; open organization will he the leading measure i tor its consideration. What it will do we have ' no in-'ans of knowing ; but it wisdom prevail*. trorri this time forth serret councils, oaths, dr | gre-'s, and all similar tom-fioleries will he lan ng the things that were. Remember Vir ! gtriia ! , REASON KBTIKMNG! The Democratic Party ran never be permanent ly prostrated by Fed:/a/ism, /in matter what th nanu it assumes, a* Ihe fo! luteing. a- V)ong other lads of n similar character, conclusive/tj Prove: Tiie New-Haven city election took place last 'Monday. Allied Black man, the Democratic ; candidate for Mayor, uss elected by ->OO plu rality and 1 Off majority overall opposition.— The entire general ticket of the Democrats was also elected. At the eiec'ion in Norwich, Conn., the same day, Win. L. Brewer, Democrat, on the largest vote ever given in tiie city, was elected Mayor i• v over two hundred majority, and every can didate on the Democratic ticket i'r Aldermen, Common Council, Clerk, Shei ill', Nc., was elect ed I v about ihe ,-ame majority. There were great rejoicings in the street. The Know-Noth ing majority in the same city last April was over three hundred. On Tuesday an election lor Judge was held at Buffalo, New York, when Ala-ten, Dem., was elected over Houghton, K. N., hv over 2,500 majority. Last fall the voles for Governor were as loiiows: I llmati, K. N., 3.4-G7 : Seymour, Den:., 3,124; Clark, Whig and Temp., oOS : Drown, Ind. Dem., 123. VIRGINIA ELKCTION. —The Richmond Enqui ' rer of Friday last sums up the returns ot 14-3 counties of the State, giving Wise a majority of 10,174. It r< marks— Wyoming county remains to be heard from. Its vote between Gen. Pierce and Gen. Scott was as follows : Pierce 20, Scott 42. The official returns may slightly vary some j of the above majorities; but any change will i not lessen the aggregate Democratic majority. 1 Mr. Wise's official majority, we believe, will be ! about the round number of 10,000. There was a Democratic majority of 36 in ; the last legislature, viz : 14 in the Senate, and |22 in the house, Tim Democratic majority in I the next legislature will be 14 in Ihe Senate, and 36 in the House—Total 00. i rough the politeness of J. B. AKF.KS, j of Akersville, in this County, we have received from Rev. Dr. COLLINS, a Catalogue of Dickin son College for the academical year '854—5. We are pleased to learn that this Institution is iin a flourishing condition. The list ol students number, in all the classes, 240—93 of which ! are from Pennsylvania ami 96 from Matyiand. I If the Conference of the Church under whose ; guardianship this Institution exists, would dis miss that political parson , Rev. 0. H. TIFFANY, | they would be doing a praise worthy act, arid i one that would insure the continued prosperity jof Dickinson College. We are satisfied that he j is a "wolf in sheep's clothing."— Fulton Dc rnocrnt. t .l U.\ ix THE U'l-T.-A letter Iron. Bure*. County, Illinois. #ays that all the waie| ioljM< along the Rilrrd are full of stain, and mar, thousands o# bushels are piled up in hag* a | ollo . the side o|' the track. Long trains of" ca"rs groan under the weight of gtain with which they aie ' loaded. The farmers plead with ihebiiyen ij r more hags, and the buyers with the Railroad for more cars. All the farmers have planted from one to thirty acres more than last year, ami all now looks well |i>r a heavy crop. A TRCEORAW! Across Ttiß OCPAX.— It appear, from the New York Evangelist, that the practicability of laying a submarine Wu> from one continent to the other, is about tofj tested. Two companies, one'Ameriran and the other English, have united in the work. The directors of the company are busily engaged and in three months Iron, the present time It is contemplated that the old world and the new will he within ti week's hail of each other, a line being completed to St. John's, Newfound land, and within three years the two hum,. phere S will be in communication, bv a wire ex tending across the ocean. * Two LITTLE BOYS KILLED BY LJGIITXIXC, A correspondent of the Toledo Republican, wri ting from South Bend, Ind., May 16, says, on arriving home this moining, rr.v ears wv r ,- greeted bv the melancholy fact that about 7 o'- clock last evening, as a very hea\ v thunder cloud passed over our beautiful tow n, a two sto ry frame house in Water street, occupied |, v Mr. Leonard Haynes, an old and respected citi zen, was struck bv lightning, shattering the building and scattering the materials in every direction, the fluid passing into a lower room where Mr. Haynes' family were seated, ins. tautly destroying his son William, aged eleven yea is. and rendering insensible his son Charles Seven years of age, who died in about an hour's firm*. .Mis. Haynes was slightly injured, her little daughter very seriously, though hopes are entertained of her recovery. Si no ' lab. The Paw Paw (Mich.) Free Press mentions a singular occurrence which took place in that village !at Wednesday That evening a row belonging to one of the cit izens there, exhibited symptoms which led to the belief that she had been bitten bv a masse - aja, (a small species nf rattlesnake.) and in or der the more readily to doctor her, she was put into a barn which was occupied for stabling three horses. The next morning, 0:1 entering the barn, the cow was found dead, and the hor ses had all become blind and stiff. They \.,>re removed fo the open air, and after being moral around and bled, recovered their sight. ]| i supposed the impure and poisoned atmosphere generated by the cow most have occasioned this state of things. The horses have since entirely recovered. CHOPS i.\ WESTERN PEXNSYLVAXIA.—TI p Pittsburgh Journal , as regards the prospect I r cerials. hears only cheering words from lie farmers. In those portions of" Westmoreland arid Fayette counties, through which the editor rode a few days since, he made it a joint to mark the appearance of grain fields. Oats and v i.eat wav ing in th-" pa-sing wind, and the lelds ■if corn seemed fit lor hoeing. The drought of last year seems to have brought a blessing o*-hitnl if, for many of the most injurious insects and grubs appear to have been almost entirely exter minated, or, as we say, burnt out. EAOI.F. KILEED t:r A WOMAN. —On Friday last, the wife of D. G. Crampton, residing at Valley Forge, Chester Conntv, was the heroine ofa (eat that seldom falls to the lot of a woman, and was in killing, without powder or shut. .111 eagle measuring five feet from the tips of his wings. The eagle was sitting on a post near the house, when Mis. Crampton threw a stone at it, .-.h iking it in the head and stunning it. She then procured a club, and alter some difficulty succeeded in killing the king of birds. The vj husband took it to Philadelphia for the purpew ; of having it properly prepared, so to preserve it as a token of his wife's prowess. MARRIED, On tbe 6th inst. by the Rev. H. Heckermar. Mr. WM. I). A.NKENY, of Somerset, to Me LOT ISA J. daughter of Hon. P. SCHELI. of Schellsburg, Pa. At Bloodv-Run on Thursday the .list ml. hv James B'elford, Mr. ABRAHAM STEEL and-Miss SARAH GOSSl'f H, both of Hope well tow nship. v.-. up*!?* ' ' ' f§l r DIED: On Sabbath morning the 3il inst., JOHN son of Wm. Lyon, Ksq.. of this place. At e organic affection had been preying upon his 1'!? ,r0! Ins earliest years, and the tears ol friends had pre a tpd an early grave, yet the ties ot attachment VHM* irresistibly strengthened with all those who enjoye. ins intimate acquaintance, lie had just complete, his 1 Sth year. lie had er.teied tipnn that ptie" 1 life when the pleasures of the world present j selves in their most fascinating aspect —*her> iriinil is expanding with the keenest relish tor Wl j ly enjoy rt.ents and pursuits. Had he died eai ' would not have known them, had he lived If' -'j lie would have telt their vanity. He was fiirroin ■- by every convenience for pleasure: he was ar;u" with none but friends; in a word he had eveiy - that heart could desire to make this lite happY- ■ if these earthly comforts had been his all, and e ' • kr.ew they could not accompany him, hissiiki -" ber would not have witnessed so calm and thee" 1 - resignation of them unless he had confidently for a"a continuing city" where he should it.rf inseparable throng of friends and enter upon a i-> K ty which has no end. he certainly would have c v , with more tenacity to his earthly treasures. the calm unalarmed contemplation ot !us Solution and his inflexible patience and the """V" which was bringing it near, gave the most cor - proofs to his triends that the earlier his tures ceased the sooner his unending re-t would begin. Again and again he wasaske w er Christ was preeious to him arpi whether a fitll assurance of acceptance, and as otten e was asked he answered most decisively—" f -' yes." His lite has beeu an ailnorable purity and integrity, and his death was a wo ligbtful demonstration of the sustaining I***' , !f . Christian taith. He ha gone and we wool'n •' call him. Another treasure in heaven will ■ of the affection of his friends there. He uio flo as those without hope for he has left us anip.< to believe that "his rest is glorious. Sweet aTe the slumbers oi the righteous otJ > Reposing w here their glorious Head By resting, left a long perfume : llis brightness broke the dismal gloom That stii had given to the silent tomb : And now, God's eye illumes it— alwa' His-Bints repose, his vigils arc.