Newspaper of Bedford Gazette, August 10, 1855, Page 2

Newspaper of Bedford Gazette dated August 10, 1855 Page 2
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THE BEDFORD liAZGTTE. Kt'tlford, \ug. 80, G. W. Bowman, Editor and Proprietor. Democratic tfanbiiiatc for cfaiul (foininis sicncr, HON. ARNOLD PLUMER, OF VENANGO COt'N'fV. lIEM OCR i TTC COUNTY JIUKTIXfi. E7*Tle Democracy of BEDFORD County will hold a (mnd Tlceliiis in the Court-House in the Borough oi Bed ford on .MONDAY EVENING of the approaching County Court lor the purpose of nominating a ticket tube supported at the next election, and to adopt such measures as may tie deemed necessary to secure its trrumphaiit success at the Polls. As there will be no amalgamation in the formation ol this 1 icket —no bowing of the knee to any principle not recognised in the creed ofJEh PERSON. JA C KSON, POLK and PIERCE, it is earnestly hoped that every man who still adheres to these glorious old land-marks will be present to give force and countenance to the pro ceedings. All who stand opposed to Know Nothing i-m who repudiate the abominable aePs ol the late Legislature—and who desire, honestly, the triumph of DEMOCRATIC PRINCIPLES—are cordially in vited to attend. A number of able speakers will be present to address the meeting. have been pleased to meet, among the vi sitors at the Bedford Springs, HON. Geo. SHAUSWOOD, President Judge of the District Comt ol Philadelphia —DANIRI. DAT UIIKKI V, Esq., an eminent Lawyer of the same city lion. JOHN C. KCVKKU, of Marrisburg Dr. S P. BROWX, of (freensbnrg—-anil Vol. DAVID H. Bonus and Mr. MI IIKAY, (Postmaster,) of Hofli daysburg. A large increa-e of visitors is looked lor in a lew days. SOl TII-H ESTEttX ELKTIUNS. K7"The Democrats, it would apjiear from the re tains before ws, have swept the State of North ( aro rina, cnriying six out of the eight members o! < on gre>-s, bv large majorities. Tbe Philadelphia News give; a tfespalch which says the returns from Tennessee fluctuate considerably, but the chances are in favor of the election ol John son (Hem.) for Governor. A few days prill determine. StPREMii 101KT. The Supreme Court of Pennsylvania will meet in tlie Court flense m Bedford on next .Monday morning at the ringing ol the belt. All the Judges will be present. The Bench consists of C'hiel Justice Lewis, and Justices Blace, Knox, Woodwarii and l.owuis. Several important cases are to he argued—and opin ions given on others argued in llarrtshiirg at the late sitting—among others the great Krie liadroad Case. It is supposed the Court will continue in session a biwt two weeks. The First Page. Phctiaular attention is directed to oar first page for many interesting articles. The Philadelphia jYVkx, it will he seen, gives up all hope of harmonious action hereafter between the Old Line Whigs and tbe Know-Nothings—whilst the Chambersburg Ile pository and Whig has written the epitaph of the dark lantern Older as follows: ."AN UNTIMELY VICTIM OK ITS OWN HEAKTLF-SS VILLAINY !" The latter paper is forced to acknowledge, too, from the shins before it, "that tlie Democracy of Pennsyl vania are rnoially certain to elect their State Ticket and an overwhelming majority of the next Legisla ture," an impression which seems to have taken pos session of neatly every body. The "AT/ igitvugs" of the Chai lotow n Free Press aie spicy and to the point —and we think all will acknowledge that John C. Hives-' view of The "K. X. Plat sou >t" is a head and shoulders taller than any other yet given, '# lie Glohr, of which he is Editor, is not a political paper,but ex clusively devoted to reporting tiie proceedings of Congress. "A Desi-kuatk Inoi in Fkiht" Tka kkdy at boxu Island"—"Sine 1 jifKnnnur Locusts" —and "Whoi.esale atte.m pt at Mrnniiu"—are all articles that will repay a careful perusal. nP"Tbe Democrats of Cambria county met in Con vention in Kbensburg on tbe 31st lilt., and nominated G. Nelson Smith, Esq., Editor of tbe Johnstown Echo, for Assembly—and Ja.uks Myers, Esq., for She r 111'. POWDER RILL EXPLOWOIi. Five .Men Killed—Five others Wounded—ono .Mortally. Wii.jiinoton, Aug. 3. The drying house of Mr. (iaresche's powder work on Eden Park, in the vicinity of thiscity, was blown up shortly before *s o'clock, this morning. It contain ed about one and a ball'tons of powder. The explo sion was tremendous, and broke a large quantity ot glass in tbe dwellings in the lower part of the city. It had been in operation for forty years without accidents, and was considered to he the satest house embraced in the works. All the woi Linen connected With its operations were killed at once. They were blown to atoms, an<F fragments of their re mains were found at various di>tances, from 50 to VOtt yards. There were three Frenchmen engaged in the drying house, named Eugene perene, Joseph Dii Peane, and Francis Eisler, and a soy named John I'ugh. The house was entirely blown away, not a vistige remaining. The explosion of the drying house caus ed a mitt, situated about three hundred yards distant, to explode. In this mill there were four person*, none of whom were killed, but fwo were dangerously hurt, and Two others badly wounded.— l'eter McGirrley was thrown about fitly feet, and it is feared he will not recover. He received a severe contusion on the right side of tlie head, his scalp is badly cut,and he is otherwise burned and'bruised. Patrick Burke was -mining from the rniM. and was aluurt UO yaidt distant, when a lightning md descend ed and struck him on the head, fracturing his skull HI such a manner as to render his recovery doubtful. The engineer, William Mitchell, was seated at his post reading a new-paper when the explosion took place. He saw a barrel of powder explode, and start ed to secure his safely, behind the chimney stack, when a second exploded, which Hew down a brick over his head. The trees around the drying house were blown up by the roots, and the fields were literally covered with fragments of wood, cinders, and the remains of the victims. Mr. Garesche says the explosion must have been caused by one ot the Frenchmen, who worked in the packing room, being addicted to smoking a pipe.— Mr. G. had cautioned him two weeks previous, and told him to quit the premises or give up the pipe.— Mr. G. supposed he had abandoned the practice. SI. NICHOLAS HO I'LL. r£7~ This splendid Hotel, located at Cumberland, Md. is not to be closed up after uH. We learn that the rich and elegant Furniture advertised to be .-old at auction by Hon. JOHN W. GEARY has been dis posed of to SAML. LUMAN, F.sq. mine host of the National house in the same city. Mr. L. la a gen tleman of many years experience in Hotel Keeping, and, from his known gentlemanly qualities arid pecu liar fitness for the po-t, we contlilentlv make the as sertion that the St. Nicholas henceforth will piove one ot the be-f kept Hotels in Maryland, not even excepting the Baltimore city Hotels. The St. Ni cholas i- furnished in luxurious style, and cannot in all its apartments be rivalled but by very few bouses any where. With his host of gentlemanly assis tant*, Mr. must succeed. We hope tie may seccive a laige -hare of public patronage. ABOLITION OBTRAGE!! Hun. John 11. Wheeler, S. Am bassador to Nicaragua, while on hoard the steam er, at Walnut street wharf, Philadelphia, on Wednesday week, on his way to New York, had three of his slaves seized and taken from him bv a mob of colored men, on the ground that, having been voluntarily brought to Phila delphia, they were entitled to their freedom.— Passmore Williamson, a well known member of the Pennsylvania Anti-Slavery Socitey, was charged in the U. S. District Court with (lead ing the mob, and Judge Kane issued a writ, requiring him to produce the slaves. Five ol the negroes engaged in the affair have been arrested and committed to prison. 1 lie slaves were a mother and her two children, who had requested the privilege of accompanying Mr. Wheeler to Nicaragua. From the Pennsylvania!!. Opinion of Judge hane IN THE WHEELER SLAVE CASE. XJuilrd States District Court. —Judge Kane.—The two question-of contempt of Court and perjury in Passmore Williamson, in not obeying the commands of the writ of habeas corpus, and m making an alleg ed false return thereto, was up lor decision yesterday morning. Judge Kane delivered a very learned and exceedingly able opinion in relation to the subject. Tiir V. >'. A.rx-ret. M itr/rr vs. J'assmore If //- liamsan —Stir Habeas Corpus, •>! July, IS-nt.—Colo nel John H. Wheeler, ol North Carolina, the United States Minister to Ntcaiagua, was on boarJ a steam boat, at one of t lie Delaware wharves, on his way liom Washington, to embark at New ) ork lor bis post ol duty. Three slaves, belonging to him, were sitting at his side oil the upper deck. Jn-las the last signal hell was ringing, Passmore Williamson came u, to the party —declared to the -laves that they were free—and forcibly passing .Mr. Wheeler aside, urged them to go ashore. He was followed by some dozen or twenty negroes, who by muscular strength carried the slaves to the adjoining pier; twool the slaves at least, if not all Ihree, strug gling to release themselves, and protesting their wish to remain with their master; two of the negro mob in the meantime grasping Col. Wheeler by the col tar, and ttiieafeiniig iu cut bis throat if lie made any resistance. Tin* slaves were borne along to ;i hackney ooarh l hat was lit waiting, ami were conveved to some place of concealment ; Mr. Williamson lullowing and urg iug forward tbe mob, and giving Ins name and ad dress to CtA. Wheeler, with the declaration that lie held himself responsible towards him for whatever might he his legal rights; but taking no personally active part in the abduction iil'er be liad leit the dock. 1 allow ed a writ of llahrax Corpnx at the instance ol Colonel Wheeler, and subsequently an alias ; and to this fast, Mr. Williamson made return, that the persons named in the writ, "nor either ol them, are not now, nor was at the time of issuing ol the writ, or the original writ,or at any other time, in the ens tody, power or [rosso..ion- of' the respondent, nor by him confined or restrained : Wherefore be cannot have the bodies," etc. At the hearing I allowed the relator ?o traverse this return; and several witnesses, who were asked by him, testified to the facts a- J have recited there. The Di-rrict Attorney upon this state of facts, mov ed for Williamson's commitment, >. for contempt 1 in making a false return, 2. to take bis trial for peijrrry. .Mr. Williamson then took the stand to purge him self of contempt. He admitted the facts substantial ly as in proof before ; made it plain that he had been an adviser of the project, and had given it his confed erate sauction throughout : He tenewed his denial that lie had control at any time over the movements of the slaves, or knew their present whereabouts.— Such is the rase, as it was before me on tlie hear- [ cannot look upon this return otherwise than as illusory—in legal phrase, as evasive, if not false, it sets out that the alleged prisoners are not now, an<!- ; have not been since the issue of the habeas copns, in the custody, power or possession of the respondent : and in so lar, it uses legally appropriate language foT such a return, lint it go/-* further, and by udiled word;*, gives an interpretation t that language essen tially variant from its legal import. It denies that the prisoners were within his power, custody or possession irt any tint* whatever. Now, the evidence of respectable, uncontradicted witnes ses. and the admission of the respondent himself,- es tablish the fact beyond controversy, that the prison ers were at one time within his power and control. He wa the person by whose counsel the so-called rescue was devised. He gave the directions, and hastened to the pier to stimulate and supervise their execution. He was the spokesman and first actor ut ter arriving there. Of alt the - parties to the act of violence, he was the only white man, the only citi zen, the only individual huvtng recognized political right, the only person w hose social training could certainly interpret either her own duties or the iightsr of others wider the Constitution ol the land. It woulif be fuTile, and worse, to argue, that he who has organised and guided, and hearted a mob, to ef fect the abduction and imprisonment of other.-—he in whose presence and by whn.-e active influence the abduction and imprisonment liave been brought about —might excu-e himself from responsibility by The assertion that it was not his hand that made the un lawful assault, or that he never acted as the goaier. He who unites with others to commit a dime shares with them all the legal liabilities that attend on its commission. He chooses his company, and adopts their acts. This is the retributive law of eii'concerted crimes;: and its argument applies with peculiar force to those cases in which redress and prevention of wrong are sought through the writ oihahtat roiji/x. This, the gieat remedial process by which liberty is vindicated and restored, tolerates no language in the response which it calls for that can mask a subterfuge. The dearest interests of life, persona! safety, domestic peace, social rejiose, all that man can value, or that is wottdi living tor, are involved in this principle.— The institutions of society would lose more than half their value, and courts of justice become impotent* for protection, if the writ of rvrpu could not compel the truth, full, direct, and unequivocal, in answer to it., mandate. It will not do to say to the- man, whose wile or whose daughter has been abducted: "J did not abduct' her; she ;s not in my possession; I do not defern her, ina-much-as the assault was made by the hand of my subordinate, and 1 have forborne to ask whene they proposeconsuminatins the utxiug.'' It is Hear, then, as it seems to us, that in legal ac ceptance the pa-ties whom this writ culled on Mr. William.-on to produce, were f one time within his power and control; ami his an-w er, so far as it relates to his power over them, ma-kes no distinction be tween that time and the present. [ cannot give a different interpretation to his language from that which he has practically given himself, und cannot regard him as denying his power over the nrttoiiep now, when he does riot aver that he has lost the power which he formerly had. He tias thus refused, or at'least he has failed, to answer to the command of tile law. He bM chosen tie decide for hitnsell upon tile lawfulness as well a* the moral propriety of his act, and to withhold the ascertainment and vindication of the rights of others fiomthat same forum o| arbitrament on which alPhis own rights repose. In a word, he has put himself m contempt of the process of this Court and challenges its action. That action can have no alterative form. It is one too clearly defined by ancient ami honorable pre cedent, too indispensable to the administration of so cial-justice and Ihe protect ion of human right, ond tea [vteiilially invoked by the special exigency of the case now before the four Pto excu-e even a doubt of my duty or an apology for- its immendiate per formance. The cause was submitted to- me by the learner? counsel for the respondent, without argument, and t have, theiefore, found iny.-elf at some loss to under stand the grounds on w Hieb, if tlle're be any such, they would claim the discharge of the client. Only one has occurred to me as, perhaps, within his view; and on this I think it right" So-express my opinion.— I will Irankly recoin-tdrr it however, if any future as pect ol tire case shall invite the review. It i- this: that the persons named in this writ ar detained by the respondent, were not legally slaves, inasmuch as they were within the tcriiforv of IVnrt svlvania whfii rhev were abducted. | Waiving llie inquiry, whether for the purpose* of j this Huesiion they wore within the territorial juris diction of Pennsylvania while passing from one State ' to another upon the navigable waters of the United State*—a point on which my first impressions are adverse to the argument—l have to say : 1. I know of oo statute, either of the United States, or of Pennsylvania, or of New Jersey, the only other State that has a qualified jurisdiction over this part of the Delaware, that authorises the forcible abduc tion of any person,or thing whatsoever, without claim ol property, unless in aid of legal process: 2. That 1 know ol no statute of Pennsylvania, which affects to divest the rights of property of a citizen of North Carolina, acquired and asserted un der the laws of that State, because he has found it needful or convenient to pass through the territory of Pennsylvania: • 5. That I am not aware that any such statute, if such an one were shown, could be recognized as va lid in a Court of the United States. -t. That it seems to me altogether unimportant whether they were slaves or not. It would be the mockery of pbilunthrophy to assert, that, because men had become free, they might therefore be forci bly abducted. I have said nothing of the motives by which the respondent has been governed. I have nothing To do with them; they may give him support and comfort before an infinitely high tribunal; i do not impugn them here. Nor do 1 allude on the other hand to those special claims upon our hospitable courtesv, which the di plomatic character of Mr. W. might seem to assert for him. lam doubtful, whether the Acts of Con gress give to liiin and Ins retinue and his pro|ierty that protection as a representative©! the sovereignty ol the United States, which they concede to an sov ereignties besides. Whether, under the general law of nations, he could not a-k a broader privilege than some judicial prncedents might seem to admit, is not necessarily involved in the cause before me. It is enough that I find, as the case stand# now. the plain mid simple giouiul# of adjudication, that Mr. Williamson has not returned trnthfiilly and lolly to the writ of habeas corpus, lb* must therefore, stand committed for a contempt ol the legal pioeess ol the Court, .As to tlii second motion of the District Attorney, that which looks to .1 committal lor perjury, 1 with hohl an expression ol' opinion in regard to it. It is unnecessary, because Mr. Wifliani-on being under arrest, lie may be charged at any time by the (>'rami Jury; and 1 apprehend that there may be doubts whether the atftdavit should be regarded as extra-ju dirial and voluntary. Let Mr. VVilliamsou. the respondent, be committed to the custody of tbe Marshal without bail or main prize, as lor a contempt of the Court in refusing to answer to the writ ot habeas corpus, herd ©lore a warded against him at the relation of Mr. Wheeler. f'. S. Disdfct Attorney Vandyke lor Mr. Wheeler, and Hopper and C. (iilprn for deft. District Attorney a-ked for warrant of commitment miller the seal of Court. Granted. Mr. (iilphin. for tbe dcleudant, asked leave to u meml the return so as To conform to the views ol this Court. Judge Kane said he would give the defendant a full bearing upon any motion ins counsel short Id choose to present. The Court then took a recess. After the decision by the Court, United States Marshal Wynkoop took the prisoner into custody, and couveved him to Moyamcnsing Prison, in a car riage. and banded him over to the keepers. A num ber of Williamson'- friends requested the Marshal to pot the prisoner into the custody of one ol his depu ties, am) Thus avoid sending him to prison, bnt the Mar-hat declined, by replying tbat he woufd comply strictly with the inundate of the Court. There was no demonstration at any sort, although the Court room anil avenues leading thereto were crowded, nine-tenths of the persons present approv ing of the action of tbe Judge. From the Pennsylviiiiian, Aug. 2. '7* iinporlaut Opisiitm ot'Chscf •liiftlict* Id w i*, ol* IVima. ~ j. Chief Justice Lewis of the Supreme Court of Penn sylvania, yesterday tiled the following opinion in the VV ii KKI.IU: Slave Ca-e, in answer to an argument had belore biin on an application for a writ of habeas cor pus : Commonwealth, ex rcl P. Williamson, e. F. M. Wynkoop, t'. S. Marshal, and Charles Hertz, keeper of the Philadelphia County Prison. Lewis, C. J.—This is an application for a writ of kubemt corpus, it appears by tbe copies of the war rants annexed to the petition, that the prisoner is confined for u contempt of the District Court ol the f'nitcd States,- "in refusing to answer a writ of A•/*. corpus awarded by that Court against him :*t the relation of John 11. Wheeler." The council of Mr. Williamson very frankly stated, in answer to an interrogatory on the subject, that "hey did not desire the useless formality of issuing. The writ ot habeas corpttx, if, on view ot the cause of detainer exhibited, V slious*! be of opinion lhat the adjudication of the L'. S. District Court was conclu sive. The /lalieitr rirrpur act does not require tile writ to be granted in all cases whatever. Whenever it appears upon The face of the petition, or, which is tbe same thing, by the detainer annexed to it arid forming part of it, that the prisoner is "detained up on legal process, order or warrant for such matter or oli'ences lor which bv the law Phe said prisoner is not bailable," the case is excepted out of the act'; see act !Btii Feb., 17S-3, sec. 1. In like manner, where the rate ha- been already heard upon the same evidence by another Court, the Act of Assembly does not obliae the Judges to grant a hahratt corpus Sir the ptiriKj-e of re-hearing it, although, perhaps, they may deem it expedient to do so in some extra- . ordinary instances. Kx. paite Lawrence,- o Biu. JOI. We come, therefore, at once to the cause of de tainer. Is it a "legal process, order or warrant for an offence which by law is not builahie I" Wr. Jus tice liluckstone, in brass Crossby's case, .'{ Wilson, ISS, declared that "all courts are uncontrolled in matters of contempt. The sole adjudication of con templs, and the punishment thereof in any manner, belongs exclusively and Without iiitrrftnn y, to rath respective rourt. Infinite confusion and disorder would follow if courts could by writ of hat/eat corpus examine and determine the contempts of others.— This power to commit results from the first princi ple* of justice; tor il they have the power to decide they ought to have the power to punish." It would occasion the utmost confusion if every court of this State should have power to examine the commit ments of the other court's of the State for contempts;- so that the judgment and commitment of each respec tive court, at to content j*-, wast he final and without control." 3 Wilson, tilM. This doctrine was fully recognized by the Court- of Common Pleas in Krig land, in the case referred to. ft has since been ap proved of in numerous other eases in that country and in this. In ex-parte Kearney, 7 Wheaton, 118, it wa#, affirm ed by lliti Supreme Court of the United States, in sc <-oi dance with the decision in (trass (Crosby's case,. 4 Wilson, ISB, that, "when u Court commits a party for contempt, their adjudication is a conviction, and their commitment in consequence is execution." 7 Wheaton, dB, o Cond. Ivep. 'ii 7. In the ease lust cited, it was also expressly decided, that "a writ of in/tear ror/>/ix was not deemed a proper remedy where a party was committed for u contempt by a COUP! of competent jurisdiction ; and lhat if granted, the Court could not inquire into the sufficiency of the cause of commitment." " Wheaton, l!S. Many authorities to the *arr.e effect are cited by Chief Justice Cranoh ih Ntigent's case, t American Law Journal 111.

But it is aliegpd that the District Court had lio jurisdiction. It does not appear that its jurisdic tion wa- questioned on the hearing before it. The Act of Congress of '2lth September, 1789, gives it power to issue "writs of Jutbru* rorput which may he necessary for its jurisdiction, and agreeably to the principles and usages of law and the same act ex pressly authorizes the Judge-of thut Court to grunt writs of haheax rarpiix "for the purpose of iuquiry in to the cause of commitment ; provided, that writs of twhra rnrpH.t shall in no cu-e extend to persons in STOHI, unless where they are in- ewstndy under the au thority of the United States or committed for trial before some court of the same, or are neces-ary t. Be brought into Court to testify. Other acts of Con gress give the United States Judges jurisdiction in writs of /ml/fax rnryux in cases thererem sjiecified.— It does not appear that the writ issued for persons in goal, is HI disregard of State process or State au thority. It may be that in an action at law, where the judgment of a United States Court i< relied oil a. .< justification, the jurisdiction hiudd hp afftrma • tively shown. But in a writ of Habeas Conpus, issued by a Judge having no appellate power over the tribunal whose judgment is shown as the cause of detainer, where the jurisdiction ol the latter tic (tends upon the existence of certain facts, and no objections to its authority are nude on the hearing, the juris diction ought to he presumed, as against the party who might have raised the question at the proper time, but failed to do so. It is true that if the juris diction be not alledged in the proceedings, the judg ments and decrees ol the United States C'ouits are erroneous and may, upon writ of error or appeal be reversed for that cause. But they are not aluoliite nullities. If other parties who had no opportunity to object to their proceeding, and who would not have writs of error, may disregard them as nullities, it does not follow that the parties themselves tnuy so treat thein. Kempe's lessee vs Kennedy. 5 Cr, 185,"" Skillerit's Kxc'r, vs May's Kxc'r, G Cram h, 207, M Cormick vs Sullivant, 10 Wheat. 192. It is alledged that the right of propeify cannot be determined on habeas rorptis. It is true that the habeas rorpas act was not intended to decide rights ol property; hut the writ at rammun-law may he is-ued to deliver an infant to a parent, or an apprentice to a master. Com. vs. Robinson 1 S. & 11. .'i.'i IJ. On the same principle, I see no reason why the writ at s-oiumou law may not be used to deliver a stave front illegal restraint, and to restore him to the custody of bis master. But granting, lor the purpose of the ar gument, (which 1 am far from intimating) that the District Jud£e made an improper use of the writ) that he erred in deciding that the prisoner relu-ed to answer it—that he also erred Jnlhe const i net ion of the answer which was given, and that he otherwise violated the rights of the prisoner; it is certainly not in my power to reverse his decision. If a writ of habeas rarjms had is-ued from a State Court to the United States Marshal, o)d that Court had adjudicated that the Mar-hal was guilty of a contempt in refusfng to answer it, and had commit ted Inru to pri-nn, the District Court of the United States w mi Id have no power to reverse that decision, or to release the Marshal Irom imprisonment. No Court would tolerate such an interlerence with its judgments. The respect which we claim lor our own adjudications, we cheorfullly extend to those ol other Courts within their respective jurisdictions. For the-e reasons the writ ot Hala-as Corpus is re fused. K.I.LIS LKWIS. August Ist, 18.75. Frightful Mining Accident. The following is taken from the* lYiHsviih* .Mi ner's Journal of Saturday. The details of one of (host* frequent accident* by the explosion ol fite damp is herewith given : A fearful accident occurred on Tuesday morn ing last, about hail-past seven o'clock, at Mr. Agard's Belmont Colliery, in this county the place is better known by tin* old name of the live points. Four persons, two men ami two boys, have been taken out of (he Mope, dead ami dreadfully mangled— one more is not likely to live, ami sis others are seriously injured, ft has been and may be denominated an explosion of gas, hut more properlv it was a jrowder ex plosion : for the latter did the most injutv, though the "-(ire damp," as it is generally called, exploded first ami ignited the powder. Tim facts of the occurtenee are as follows Tbe minor boss, Mr. John W. Davis-, went into the mine early in the morning as usual, and examined tin* works carefully before any of the miners were at work. He (bund "tire" in om ul the "breasts" near the face of the gangway. This breast was worked by James Silverthorn and sou, ant! was the only part of mine consid ered dangerous. Mr. Davis met Silvvrthornami told him twice, very emphatically, that his place was full of lire, and that he should not venture in it with a naked lamp until the gas was driven out. Accordingly Silverthorn look the Davy or safety lamp, and commenced to brush lire out of the breast, lint unfortunately, several of the millers were seated around the bottom of the breast, in the gangway with their naked lamps, taking their customary "whill," and that belore commencing work, and near them were between two and three kegs of pow der, open and unprotected. The gas being driven down the shuts past the cross-heading, penetrated to the gangway, where the miners were seated, and as might be expect ed, it took fire from the lamps. But the explo sion ol gas would have be.-ti ti tiling, in compari son to the amount of damage done, had not the powder, which was in close proximity to the m*, also ignited and exploded, crushing ami bruising everything in the vicinity, and doing; considerable da-mage to the mines. The effect of the shock was felt at a great distance from the scene, and tin* mines throughout trembled with the concussion. Coal, rocks and material, were buried with dreadful velocity far out to wards the slope. Bnt tbe damage done to tin work, the amount of which cannot he fully as certained, is nothing in comparison-to the dread ful loss of life and limb—the horrid sufferings which the tea rial accident occasioned. THE LITTLE Know-Nothing organ having completely dodged every charge preferred a it in our last week's paper, touching the disreputable action* of its Kdilor and friend* in tli*-* K. N. Council i-u lliis jlac*, it stands self convicted of a degree of duplicity, dishonor and' falsehood, that must bring the blush to the cheek of its blindest 3|iologits. Until it wets in soine tangible way the issue its own acknowl edged dishonor ha raised, we can have no far ther controversy with it ; hut whenever it irr prepared to either deny or explain the blister ing stains of infamy which now overshadow itself, its masters and its creatures, we shall stand ready to vindicate fully tlie charges pre ferred, and to expose, without bar, linor or affec tion, those who have aided in the consummation of its disgraceful schemes-. It is welcome to dodge the is-ue bv attacks upon us—rrpon our personal, political or moral short-comings, if it can thereby in any degree shield itself from the fruits of its tolly. We care for no such assaults, and he who thus piostitutesa controversy raised on district issues, only seeks some plausible method of admitting his total discomfiture.— Ckambrrsburg Whig- Heartrending Calamity. |Frnm the JVlorristovvn (N. J.) Banner, Aug. 1-] On Wednesday evening last a gentleman living near (.'ominunipa-w Lane, Hudson county —we have not learned his name—met with a sudden and untimely end, under the following circumstances. It appears that he had in Ins house a three barrelled pistol, loaded. {L told his wife that he believed he would discharge the load. She replied that she would like to fire them off, to which he consented, instructing Iwr to he careful to point the pistol upward.— She did so, and two barrels went off. The third, she ("old him, missed fire. Ifc- replied that perhaps it might no? be load ed, Mid requested her to hand it to him for ex amination. But, alas ! for all human calcula tions—she snapped it again ; it proved to be loaded, and she holding it in a wrong position; instead of the ball going upward, it entered the heart of her husband, killing him instantly. This married couple were devotedly attached to each other, and we learn that the unfortu nate self-made widow is now frantic with grief and unutterable agony, bordering on insanity, in view of this terrible catastrophe. T'.VSR.IT.TY. Mrs. Koxaiiia .Mins®n, of New Haven, m< t with a serious accident on Wednes day morning; of this week. It appears that she went to a cistern near the house, lor the purpose of drawing water. The cistern was covered with boards, which being very much decayed, broke through, precipitating her into the water. Fortunately, while falling, she caught the edge of the cistern, and hung there for over fifteen minutes, when some one passing by, hearing her" groans, relieved her from her perilous |>osition. There was but about four feet of water in the cistern, but exhausted as she was it was suf ficient to have drowned her. Her recovery is considered doubtful. She is about seventy years of age.— Plymouth (O.) .'hlreit tscr. Frightful Accident on the Delaware. Providential Escape. Near ten o'clock, last night, as the steamboat IVliantotiomi was coming up the Delaware, from an excursion trip to Fort Delaware, and w hen a short distance below the Navy Yard, she wax run into br Che steam-low boat "Spy," and had a large hole knocked in her how. Fortunately, the steamboat was op posite the flats, and the pilot headed her at once upon the shore, thus, 110 doubt, saving a large number of lives. The water came in through the aperture in such immense quantities that the boat had begun to settle before slitj reached the shot e. A large number of the excursionists on board being females, some ol Whom had young children with them, and the excitement on hoard at the time of the collision mav he imagin ed. All the life preservers were seized upon, in same instances by the males on board, who lelt tie* females to take care of themselves.— Several men were seen with life preservers, and which were not inflated, so little knowl edge had tliev of the article. The captain and the other oliicers on board, by their pr- sence ol mind, contributed to allay the excitement. Al ter the boat had been run upon the flats, the pas sengers were taken oil' by the steam tug and landed at Mead street wharf. The Mianlonomi had flit- damage temporarily rej-aired, ly means o! a bed or two being thnist into the bolt- and tht.- nailing of hoards over all. Sh** lay at Simp son 5; \<-iir.s wharf all night, and tins morning was taken upon the sectional <ti>ck at that place. It is expected that sh- will he able to resume her trips to Suh-m on Monday next. From all we can learn, we are |el to believe that th-- faolt, if any there was, is to be laid to those on board the "Spv." The "Miantonomi" hati all her lights up, and the Tug seems to have been attempting to cross her how. She was struck much in the same place as th<* Ohio, and had she been a few hundred yards further up the river must have shared the same fate. It is fearful to think of the loss of life that must have ensued if the boat had not been just at a point where she could be run upon the shore, and il there was criminal careb ssness rn the affair, those guilty should suffer far it. Di-1 iiKssixr. A rt-v.iri i\ Ne U HAVEN—Two LIVES LOST iv A VVKI.L.—Two lives were losl on th- premises of the New Haven Has Com last Saturday afteriioon, under distressing cir cumstances. It seetns that the officers had em ployed a itian to clean out the wells be lon-ring to them. The person employed to clean tin wells, Mr. James Blakeslee, having finished, two, proceeded to the third, lie had defended but a tew feet, when his father, who was over looking his work, observed him fall headlong into the water. H-* called for help, which stim irtoned flie hands at work in tl>e factory, anil one of them, named Ow en Sherid-n, immediately descended liy means of a ladder placed in the well to the rescne of Blakeslee, who was lying vtpon the itottom. He had wot but a short dis tance downward w hen h-- was observed to lose his hold of the ladder and fall headlong upon his companion !>elou\ Another hand in the fVictrr tory then descended, caught hold of Sh-ridan, and attempted to raise him, hut losing his breath In* became unconscious, and was at tout (ailing from the ladder when he was seized by the f treman of the shop and raised to the surface, and re-u.scrtated. The liodieg of Blakeslee and Sheridan were taken out with the least possible delay, and every exertion made io leslor* them to consciousness— bid in vain. i'he well in question had been closed for the last six months. An expeiiment subseduently made by the jury, l>v dropping a lighted candle into the well, pro ved it to be so thoroughly impregnated with "well-damp," as to extinguish the light in an instant.—.YVt/- Haven Jcunu/, July 30. Hie "Mean Spirits." BI.AII: Cor.NTV.—The Whig Count y Conven tion met in Iloliidaysburg on Wednesday. A pledge was exacted bv the n.embns that they did not belong to the Know Nothings. A part of the members signed and finally withdrew, with the chairman, and organized in another place, and adjourned to the 28th of August.— The Know Nothings who remained reorganized, and passed a resolution adjourning to the l()th of September. When will this contemptible business of interfering with parties to which they do not belong be discontinued by the Know Nothings? No honest man can approve of such conduct, and none hat a mean-spirited man would he guilty of it.— Philadelphia A 'etc .v. WASHINGTON COUNTY. —The first Convention held by the Whigs having been controlled bv the Know Nothings, and the party disbanded without making nominations, for the purpose of benefiting the Know Nothing ticket, a new Whig Convention liae been called to meet on the 27th. The call hr signed he Win. JYlcDan ie|, Livingston, R. R. Reed, R. F. Cooper, L. C. Trwsdell, David Clarke, and William Lee. The call appears in the Com munweolth. The ok! Whig paper, the Reporter, could not find room for it.— Philadelphia A'ews. Too MUCH or A PILL.— C. Rich, of East Cal ais, Vermont, says he hud taken fhe Montpelier Watchman for forty years, and been during that period "a federalist, a whig, a federal republi can, and a free-sciler," but "know-nothingism is too bitter a pill" for him M at his age," arid he therefore stops-the Watchman, and subscribes and pays for three copies of the Democratic Patriot. BROAD TOP IMPROVEMENT COMPANY. —At a meeting ofthe CORPORATORSand STOCK HOLDERS of rhe BROAD TOP IMPROVEMENT COMPANY, held the tllst of July, fo organize said Company under the Charter recently granted by the Legislature, the following gentlemen were elected Directors of the Company :—Henry D.Moore, John B. Myers, John McCatdes, Henry K. Strong. J. R. Flamgen, Thos. Allibone, Jesse Godley, Wm. T. Daugheity, Thos. Caldwell. And at the meeting of the Directors, held on the Ist instant, HENRY D. MOORE, was elected Pres ident, and Pwii i IliMincK, Jr., Trea mere On the night of ihe 37tb July, at the house „n sister, Mr. Rush, of this place, departed thi,i ' r Mrs. EMILY C'. HAMMONTUEE, late Ji more. Ihe deceased had ju-t n*en b,,t a j<vv , 1 from the bed of sickness, when she lelt Fallu „ spend some time with her sigter at Bedford, the i" of her childhood, and the residence of her rieait-,"""i dearest Irieuds, as well as the place where her T" loved parent- had lived and died in the Lord. R ' the will of Providence that her visit to her spot was allowed that she might die in the mid.' * her pious relatives and acquaintances. Fully co •°' mis that she WHS not long for this world, the n" , good use Ot her lew days in preparing hrr*-|| tl> n her God. Reconciliation anil union with her I**l were now dearer to her than the whole world. i| death-bed presented a continued cene ofedifiiv "■ to her visiting fiiends, who, each moment brief stay here, received such consolation, m*7 lie-sing how a true Christian can die. (*,, Io !ti( . j * instant almost of her lessening lile, her hp* a ! as her heart moved in crres)mndence with u„. ~u ? ers and Iloly rites with which the Catholic Churrb prepares her children for their depaiture liom if,' '•vale of tears" to their true country. Having , ov * received what she had so much at heart, all tbe (0 r solutions ol her Church, as the means of unitu. jl, to her deai Lord, -be was disposed and re a ,|y l(J ".Now thou dost dismiss thy servant in Peace cause my eyes have seen tby salvation which'i| lo ,i hast prepared." So cajrrdy and o sweetly dn| her reconciled spirit pass to her Divine Spoti'-e that it seemed rather a gentle sleep than a pass ace throw), "the valley of the shadow of death." "Pterin*, *„ tilt A/e//1 of the !.ord it the death of his Saints.'' LIST OF CAUSES Put down for Trial as September Tenn ("til J a yj 1553. .lohn G Graham vs. Simon Cook VVm S Pluck wife Christian Snider et al James K Smith TWRni'fos<tiile"ii aduir George 'frouluian Uobert Adam, et at Win Delany Jacob Teeter et it| Jesse Sleek Christian Xawgle Commonwealth Abel Pimttay et al Nathan Die ken use Jesse Dirkeuetal Same - Same Same Jonathan H. Dirkenetal Same Same Christian Stouft'er Thomas Nevit Patton-ville R Woodbury 'T li C vs. James J'atton Same John & Thomas kit)- Henry M Brant R wife David Patter-on Same Win Crisman adrnr A U Galbiaith Wm Galbraith Kxor A W Schroyer John Keiser Balt'/.er Sheely Allegheny .If & FSeminary Joseph S Morri-on admr John Folck Jr James I'alton el al Kxekiai Lockard Daniel Baker John \V. Duncan et al Mary A Baird et al Joseph W 'l ate et al Jacob Sturby A J Crisman et al A W Shroyer John Mover Same Adam II Huffman Cath Sands use Moses Wisegarver James Blake John King <-t al Joseph W Tate Esq Joe-ph 0 \••at Willis Mi Sleek John l'odd George 'Bronfman Leonmd Bitner D. W ASiiABAUGH, Pfoll y. August 10, 1805. • Register's Notice! ALL persons indebted either a- heirs creditors or otbeiw i-e ale hereby notified that the following lam ed persons have filed their accounts in the R-gt-trr - Office and that they w ill be presented to the Orphan-' Com t of Bedford County on FRIDAY the 17th >iv of September next at the Court Hou*e for confirma tion at which time and place they may attend if they think proper. The account of WilliamSrnith administrator of the estate of Geoige Smith late of Bedford Township de ceased. The account of Abraham Moses and George F Riddle Kxecutors of toe last Will &c of Samuel .Mows late of I nioii township deceased. The account of Nicholas Whjteline administrator ot John- Christian Biene late of Juniata township de ceased. The account of John Brown Executor of the b<! will Re of David Thompson late of Bedford township deceased. • The arco-int of John Sparks one of the Executors of tlie last will Rc of Thomas Morris late ol West Providence township deceased. 'The account of Jeremiah Bennett administrat cum te.-tameiifo annexe of George Fryer late of SouC ampton township deceased. The account ot James Cessna Esq administrator: Joseph Cessna late of Cumberland Valley township deceased- The account of Hon Joseph 15 Noble one id tin- Executors ol the last Will Re of VVitiiarn Galbrailii late ol Napier town-hip deceased. The account ol' William Beegie & Emanuel nesgl adrninistrators of the estate of Charles Beegie laleu! Colerain township deceased. The account of John Metzger Esq administrator of the E.-tate of Marcus Metzgar late ol Haniew Township deceased. 'i'he account ol Wesley Fisiier administrator ntthe estate of Philip Fisher late of East Providence town ship deceased. 'l'he account of Amos Wertz administrator ol the estate of James Boylan late of Bedford County de ceased. Tne account of Solomon Sparks one of the a<hwr !v --tral- of Ihe estate of Abraham Sparks late ol Wed Providence township deceased. The account ol Henry Hull and William Hull ministrators of the estate ot 1-aac Hull lateol Napier 'Township deceased. The account of Emnnuel Diehl R John Nvn" Exors of the Inst will Re ol Jonathan N'ycum late Cole rain township deceased. The account of George W Figard one of the '-sp cutors ot the last will Rc of Jauies Figard late Brondtop township deceased. 'l'he account of Wm Adams Executor ot the la-' Will inc ol Jacob Adams late of Soutnainploii town slnp deceased. The account of' Thomas King Guardian of the ro tate ol Richard E Boiiuett late of Hopewell lownehip deceaseil. " . , 'l'he acconnfoT George H Spang Esq adntinHra tor of the estate ol Thomas Keelie deceased who one of the Executors of John Keelie late ,ol bedler township deceased. D. WASHABAPGH, R-gistcr. Aug. 10, 1855. OC7"At a meeting of the private class of l'r- f ,!l " [leigh, held at Woodberry, Aug. 1, 1835. the lolo* lug resolutions were unanimously adopted: Resolved, 'That Dr. Burleigh's theory •fefecu" 1 ' ty upplied to the mind is not only novel antl ly interesting, but is in perfect arcoidahc* wit.i laws of nattite, and the acknowledged principles o. science. Resolved, That tbi* wonderful department > man knowledge, showing the relation ot >is .MINI), and ol the sonl toits Creator, merits the rlo- ■ investigation and the warmest support ol the h- as Ptiropist and the Christian. Resolved, 'That we solicit for Dr. Burleigh partial hearing from an enlightened public— assured that their experience will accord with t' l " own—prejudice will give place to demonsfratitfi —scepticism to proof—and error to truth. Dr. CHAS. S. QLLEItr, Chairman- Dr. JACOB COI F, Secretary. STRAY COW. Came to the premises of the subscriber h* l jUeijU'ord township, sometime about the first ot. u# • itShfr/Cow, black spotted, ncparticular maik-*. '• is requested to come forward, prove p<°|* '• pay cfibrges, and take her away. , ~„p y y LUCAS SAI it Aug. 10, 18953. R A K it li:i>: At Mr. Js-hn Cook's, in Londonderry town- j the k'd insP., bv D. B. Trout man, Esq. " r "'.,,g RUKKET. of Allegheny county, Md. REALS, f l.iindoiulerrv township.