Newspaper of Bedford Gazette, June 20, 1856, Page 2

Newspaper of Bedford Gazette dated June 20, 1856 Page 2
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-turner.. ssmMmmmummmc itMrt^caaflto Murderous of the Know-ftethißgs at New Orleans. An fiction ! t municipal officers was held at ,\ew Orleans on the 2d inst. The telegraph , has already briefly advised t:s of the result ot that election, with the attending scenes of out- ; rage on the part of the know-nothings of that city. It was not'nnti! we were in possession of the New Orleans papers of the 4th inst. that we were made to realize thestaitlihg and sickening fact thai systematized villany and premeditated' murder were to he coolly adopted hy oneol the j parties or tactions in opposition to the demo- . cratie patty as the most efficient electioneering . machinery during the pending presidential can vass. A description of the murderous scenes ; that were enacted at the various voting districts occupies several columns of the Louisiana Cour ier. Our iinuts tn-dav will only permit u> to make the following extract : "The details of the various know-nothing outrage® at the polls on Monday are so disgus ting that we cannot l ar to dwell on litem.— We'give in another place accurate accounts of a I few o! them, intended merely to serve as speci mens of what occurred over the who'.* city.— If we should collect aud set forth at length all > the various knocking* down, brass knuckliogs, stTakings, shootings, and murders committed by the roffiat.s in the employ oi the kuow-noih-! we would til! our whole paper for many 1 days in succession, ami weary our reader with tnl"s of violence, presenting a dreary sameness of ruffianism and butchery, disgraceful to our j city, and even to human nature itself. At ev ery voting place, inoffensive voters ol foreign : birth, simply because it. v were oi foreign iiirtn, were beaten, cut, an i shot, from morning till night. Timid ones were seized, and iurr.eil to vote the kti jw-rotlting ticket to save their lives. ; KesoJute ones were kicked, beaten, stabbed, and i shot,and rot permitted to vote at all. There was, apparently, a regularly-organized system i I villanv carried on at all the dinerent pre cincts utter the same fashion. A heating or a j murder con.mitt :! ot < tie i> a faithful ch-crip- ' tion of wli.'.f cccurn dat a dozen others, chang ing on!v r.an> sari pises. The ruffians were i mainly imp d .'.mother parishes, and acted in organized taacis, under regular leaders. "The whole city was in a state of perfect an archy. The police were entirely ineffective, and the authoritb w. re unable to make arrests ever, in the ere st flagrant cases, (fur municipal 'govefr.n.v.d, or what should have been < ur gov ernment, seemed s'rick* n w:fh the pc]-y. 1 i- j • lence un.d brutality ran ri !. No man was ■ ith except on- able to defend himself without ' aid 'rom the authorities. Quid and peaceable ' men, who never th-.ught of :••• at! ing before, t were compelled i > carry an: wh. -never they , I d* their li sines. '•The result is a mock- v .f truth and ju. '.ice, m 1 a chamHii! lib*-) en seii-goverr-mer:!. A party is successful which denies theoretics)ly nut; practical)? every principle of American free-fo; and hi -grac.-s tb •v rv name of An ■ .- 1 irn f.v cubing ;Nr-!f Am ri: m. Strap. ot of all, men <-•' poTfi.-.n and education an-found who are v. i'.ing t i acc-y 1 the benefit of the. e atroci ;!■> vih' rn'ws and step f'.j v. a ? 'd in defence of their perpet rafor.:. La!ft frcm California. A2iSiiV.iL OF THE C::ifRG" L.VvV. N'n.v Yottx, June 13.—Tim George I.aw, from Aspinwai. arrived it six this evening.— She left Aspinvr&l on the i-ih ol Julie, arid brings date, io the 21st. She ai-a brings nearly two millions of treasure, consigned to Drexel &. Co. I'lie Jc'IIJ L. Stevt na brought <: -wo nearly §2,300,000. i he outward bound pass : g>usp. r theGebr <- Law It-It Pan a rr.a on li:*- 31 st viay inthe(- c'en Cafe. The British st'-arncr H rr.e was lying at Asninwol. I'he brig Q'.utdratus went ashore at Goose Lay i*n the I -J-t 2t ot Ala v. .Viet. Simpson, of >a.i r rancisco, Alt Afficrionairi and child were ri; :m n.ri in attempting to rea' h shor*. The Golden Age, from New York, with the passengers of April 2<th, had nor arrived at Sun Francisco : they were six davs overdue. C isey, t : murderer -•!' Ling, was a member of the Board of Supervisors, and editor of the "Sunday Ttmes." An attack by the Vigilance Committee upon the jail was m■ Jo m military order by a lurce ot 2.>00 armed men, who surrounded the pris on ; a brass Is pounder vas pointed at the! '- >or. \V t:en ail was ready for an assault, tlie | ( "ortmittee made a lurmu 1 demand from the I sheri.T for th* surrender of tlx* jail. Tl.<- Sher ;tt was totally unprepared and surrendered im mediately. The prisoners Casey arid Cora were taken bv the Committee and carried tu Lead- ; quarters. A* : von as th-' death of king wa announced, j the bells were tolied, stores were closed and i business suspended, and the points of the build- : ings were draped in mourning. Cora- and Casey were hotii tried hr-tore a rev olutionary tribunal </ 29 iurnrs, found guilty \ ami sentenced to be hung. They were to be ! executed the day fallowing the funeral of Ling. The excitement was extended throughout the State, and 1 *>•*; irmed men in the interior are ; r -ady to hasten t*> th" as-i: tance o the revolu- • tiomsls in the ,-ifv. A .NEW MOTIVE POWER. —Wonders will never cease, invention and rffi.cowrv scarce j give the nun i a respite from astonishment.— ' Evperimrnts; >r economizing labor arid shorten- i mg distances, are every day being made, some-' limes with success, but more frequently the at- j tempts are fruitless. The London I ( Lronicle. announces that a great expetiment ■ was recently tri d at \ incetmes, in the pres ence of Gin. LAUITTR and the officers of the tort. Trij Chronicle says, the secret of com-! pressing ar.a governing electricity is at length i discovered, and that power may Inert fire now , tic consKieied as tue soie motive, henceforward i to be used. A small mortar was fired by the inventor at the rate ~fa hundred shots a nun- , ute—without dashing, sinolie, or noise. The t same power can, it seems, be adapted to every | -•v-tem of roeclianica? invention, and i< destined | to supercede steam, requiring neither machinery nor combustion. A vessel propelled by this power is said to skim the water like a bird, and to I ar r.eitoer storm nor huriicane. The in ventor has air- ady petitioned for a line of! < steamers from I/Orient to Norfilk, in the Gni- i ted Ajat. s, which pa,-age he promise.-, to ;.c"..,m- ' - j.lish in eight ar,d fortv hours 1 ' .. * ' r R / 'FLDV. in fJa!i;rr.<rJune ?, 1355 ss a ' C, 12— Wheat $1 3f*al ? n - R . : . .7<j-Corn : ' •f iAO—Oatr 0?>a"0y;.. J ( TDE BEPOBfI (iiZETTE. L Bedibi'd, Jttne SO, 1 ° v G. W. Bowrnaiij Editor and Proprietor. << VOICE OF THE PEOPLE!!! K FOR PRESIDENT, d EON. JAMES BifHANIN, , OF PKNNSVLVAXIA. tl FOR VICE FRESIDENT, If, HON. JOHN C. BRECKINRIDGE, ! OF K1 XTL't KY. DEMOCRATIC STATE TICKET. J A ('anal Commissioner, GEORCE GCOTT. Auditor General, JACOB FRY,JR. Surveyor General, T I M C T H Y IVES. iourlh of July. A giai.d parade, ronsistiiig of the volunteers oi ■ I thisßrisaile, will take place at Bloody Run on the ; 4lb of July. Orations by Dr. Comphuk andUno. 3. | Sew . A dinner will be served 1 1 up bv Mr. Jon.; CHOCS::. I y CGT We have on file a letter from the lute esteem- J . ed Fastor of the Presbyterian Church of tins place, a (Rev. i'. K. DAVIS.) and will publish it in lire next • | Gazette, satisfied that his numerous friends here ami j elsewhere will read it with lively interest. r { GL ' Pieparutions are mukirg to put on sevyraldai- ' iy line- ~f four-liorse coaches to connect ihe tiroad Top Kail Road with the Bedford Springs. This will , make a delightful route for visitors. j < C ~r' The indications are that we will have a tfe- j j rr.endous crowd ol visitors during the present Sprang i season. Col. Aiulerson is receiving letters every . day eujiagiiig looms. The house is now open mid _ lecdy to receive gu-sts. Col. Annnx, the -geiitle ■ manlv ami energetic Superinteiidenl, is again at ins \ ! post. 3IA3IDIOTH STHAW D};i;U3E!. G. ' Mrs. 1 >wma.\" requests US to ten lei tier C --ktiovvledgements and gratitude to Mr.-. A. P>. Bc.v.v, i of Sc'nellsburg, for the box of elegant stiawberfies she so kindly presented her on last Saturday morn ing. Thev vvere about the si?,; o: hulled walnuts, ■ ai.d very delicious, l'hey were cuitivaleil by Mrs. B. in her own jranien, and aie at least equal, it not ' superior, to any to be found in the State, or else win. re. - ; In looking over the great variety of straw berries in ! ; the Philadelphia market, a few days since, we saw j nothing to compare with those raised by .Mrs. Bonn. They would take the premium at any exhibition. j LI?" Mrs. A. 8. Cramer, of Bedford, presented us i:h a specimen of Strawberries ainiosr etpial in size and flavor to the above, (the growth or her gar den., a compliment duiy appreciated. ■ " "We publish, acemding to piomise, the speeches |of Messrs. CASS, pitf.ee, and Dm.-ii,is, recently ile- j hveied in gtn ' ity at the great Ib-roocratic j meeting to raiiiy the nominations ot BUCUAX.'.x and Bnr-.c. r .atDGi., am! invite lor- Them an attentive pe rusal. They w il he found on the-iirst piste. From . all sect.on* of the country t.ue papers come Jo tis . ;< c. u.g with similar proceedings, showing a state , oi v: thusiasm such a never before e.\i-t.-d in the i Democratic or anv other party. THE LOilU'si PRUEK. CT" Rev. Mr. Ginsor.u of the M. F. Ch-ircb of this I place, commenced a eiiesof discourses on the Lirrd's 1 Prayer oil last Sabbath Evening, and will continue j them regularly every Sabbath evening until he gets I oi.'.!, was to have i, it was eloquent, arg..tentative, and k fo* toe point, and embraced thoughts which rivctfd the arte:.iron of the very large and intelligent audience before him. None ■ who beard the t;rt Sermon will miss the ba'Jmce ot ' the -r;e, unless Pro', identiaily kept away. Although j the M"t ortist Church in Bedford Iras had many able I and agr. vabie Pastors, it has never had any who was , more generally esteemed than the gentleman to whose hands it is now entrusted—a tactfully evin ced by the numbers which regularly go to hear him. The M. E. l iturch Sou tit!. The Methodist Church, in General Conference ns \ sembled, at Indianapolis, by a vote of 123 to SO, vo ted down a proposition to introduce into the di-n --• pline a rule forbidding the holding of slaves. This j rrhn to the Abolitionists was well meritediind sea sonable. \\ hiis' all good n".en deplore the evils of - slavery, none but red-mouthed Abolitionists are willing 'o trample the Constitution beneath their '■ ' feet whilst legislating or writing on this Mitqeet. | L"t those Abolition philanthropists take care of the colored race already free instead of trying to flood the country with those now provided for bv their re spective musters and their work will he far more ' j honorable. The Methodist, like all other Churches, has its blae'e as well as its I'notZ'iiothi /r% sheep, but | the great body of its ministry are men of the high est ir,tells,-t and soundest Chri.s'ian morality. j CL l lie attention of the Farmers of Bedford j j County is especially directed to the advertisement j ! ot Mr. VV.-t. IIAETJ.ET, which will be tuund in the ' : proper column. It will be seen that he intends to' l i furnish aii the late improvements ii\ agricultural im- : pleiment-, by which our people can be accommoda ted as well and as cheaply in Bedford as in any of the < great cities. \Ye have long wanted such an estab • lishment, and we tru-t it will meet with ample en- j ' ' co'iragerrien'. ' 1 Kecfin? of ?!s )>tale Outra! (oaniliter. DS" Col. JOH- W. FOUSET, Chairman of the Dem- j I ocratic State * ommittec, has orderetl a meeting at ' the Hotel of HE.-CRV OMIT, in Harnsburg, on Vvednes- , i day, June 25, at 2 o'clock, P. M. i ( We rejoice that the Chairman ha- selected "O- * mil's" as the place of meeting, for, whilst he is one I t of the most accommodating awl clever Landlords in j < the State, he is a liemocrat in whom there is no guile. r Always ready to express his opinion, he is never j backward in putting his hand in his pocket when s means are to be rars.-d to pay the necessary expen- ( • ola political campaign. Democrats, e-jec;ally should not forget him when visiting Harrisburg. fie keeps,perhaps, the best Hotel in the place. b NV e leai n/ruin the Lii-tisiuira: Sentinel that [, -Lite HAKL DAN MAI.EHAN, Esq., the great leader o ot the old Whig; Party in Cambria county, boldly ' ! p.'uclaiiiird himself in favor ofJanxs BUCHANAN s at th" ralitication held in EbensLui■' ori L tflv" 1 oth itist. iio vVe iro. ~ w >c*.v Havun ELECTION. —We notice that at ii th" Charter election held on the 2;i inst., the ft Demonats Were victorious, electing their May- ci o: , urd til teen out oi twenty Councilman. The t it ' l - suid to rave been oneol (he largest ever p ;>■ 'i*dut a similar <•!". " nn . j )avp „ ot h (mi h . • d any no's or ;nu. lers in connection with this 1,1 '■ i.imph ' ?ucb outrages d , not follow the sue- 1? c—sii: i'jl of p. :nocratiC princip! s. (Ts*Thi> following communication from Col. BTE- t :uc fastens thf utiikorshtv ol the vile against 1 xir Catholic citizens in terms so strong and pointed t is to leave no room for doubt on the subject and [, uust satisfy every reflecting man that falsehood and c letraetion are the only weapons employed by the ' •Cnovv Nothing conspiracy tzypbolJ their rotten and Jtsgraceful organization. (fOt\\y a few weeks since, s ;be manuscript of JOHN H. RCSH, Treasurer of the t Poor House, had been so altered a? to make it appear 1 ;hat he had professed to have paid money to a man f for bucon whose name u-as not in his urromit and, , n h-n the person alluded to gavp information that he had never furnished any bacon to the Poor House, 1 [hen the very rbaritable charge was preferred that Mr. It. had been robbing the 1 Such isthe ( low and scurrilous mode id" warfare adopted by i Ilic party now known as Know Nothings, and hence ' it is no wonder that men shun the association as they would the pestilence. But to the cotnmtinica- | tion : 1 TO THE NONE. I; Cen. Bowman: —ln a communication of tiro <sth i ; inst. signed by M at. GKIFFITH, HE propounds an in- ; • quiry which the undersigned thinks he can answer j to the entire satisiactioii ol the reader, ihe said j William says:—"lt is now certain that there is aj rife slanderer somewhere (alluding to the lost chil- | dren of Mr. Cox.) and that the public have a/1 inter- , , cat in knowing where to find him. Now, for the benefit of the said William, as well I as his especial k iioio-nuth ing Iriends, I will state that j the slaihter and report that the CATHOI.ICS had stolen I a lift oa i ried away these unfortunate little children or ig- ■ muted with himsell and a few others of the same i Lid,uy, so that inquirers may have mi difficulty in j pointing to the " vile slanderer. ' Mr. William Griffith i* the very man himself who reporter! < that the Catholic* had hooked or carried away the i children above alluded to. lie came to town during 1 the excitement about the 10- r children in which all classes of our citizens participated, and, in my store, commenced a harangue in which he professed great sympathy and feeling for tii- calamity which had fallen on .Mr. Cox—and, among other things, remar ked—.-What a gleal outiage it was for people to rai-e a report that Mr. C might have murdered the children. I agreed that if was a burning-hame that j any one should circulate so dreadful a report in the ab sence of any fact to su-taiti the charge—but remar ked that it was no greater outrage than it wa-> Jor ; people to raise a repoitthat the Catholics had carri- | ed them away—to which Wm Griffith replied iu the following words: •■We had a good right to think so, and suspect that j they were hooked or carried away b" the ( A i 1.0- I.iCS." 1 told him that 1 was really astoni-hed that a turpi like him should give utterance to such an ex- j pres-iiou. and put so vile a report in circulation with- j out having some foundation lor the statement. Il ; replied, by saving:—'-It was a common thing tor; Catholic* to do, ami that in this rase, they had a good ; right to think so and went on to state, in corrob- j oration, that '-Philip George, a C atholic in Camhiiu j County refused to aid or allow his family to aid in making search tor the children, fvc., Nr. —and wound up by the assertion --that Philip George told them they had better hunt nearer home, and not ti roond his house and fences—fmm which," (-aid Wm. Griffith.) "we had a good right to believe that they knew where those children were." If Mr. Georg" did act as alleged, 1 suppu-e it was because he had 1 been apprised o! # lhe circulation ol thi- wicked and slanderous report. As Mr. Griffith has since denied the greaterpart of tire above, 1 will prove its truth hv the certificate of three good and respectalde men who were in th store at tiiv time, and lu-ard every word of the corvor-ation. And further, as Mr. Griffith wis! es to lcrow "\vl:a f become of George KaofTriiati"s end sundry other per sons b-tteis containing large sums of money." 1 can only -ay that the p. M. al St. C airsville ina.ls and ior .vatcis ail letters and other matter placed in -aid ■office according to the lav - and regulations of the IP. O. Department of the l.'nited States—and that if any letter or letters have not reached their destina tion it is no fault of mine, nor am I responsible tor I letters alter they leave the office. It Mr.Griffith or ; any other man lias charges to prefer against this of fice. ] tru't he will make no delay in seeking that redress which the law affords—or forever wear the "slanderers" brand his dastardly innuendoes so pre eminently entitle him to. F. D. EEEGLE. : F. D. Beegie had the conversation respecting the lost ; children and the report Mr. Gr ffith made re-pectmg ; the Catholics hooking or carrying them away, and every word is correct as stated above by the said F. D. Beegie :n relation to the matter. JACOBBECKLEY, JACOB ACKER. JESSE W. SLEEK. [T?™ roe following able and unanswerable "Opin- ! ion," by His Honor, Judge, LOWBJK, of the Supreme Court, speaks lor and explains itself. It is truly lamentable that any public man :n our country should have advised the treasonable conduct which actuated Mr. Stmti! in declaring his contempt, lor the decis ion of the highest legal tribunal known to the peo ple, and. to which ail el.is-r-s mu-t look for the pro tection ot their rights as guaranteed to them bv the constitution. Mr. S. having fancied that the com munity in which he lived stood ready to create a "great riot" > hotild thp Laws be enforced, i a- found cat his mistake! Probably his stronge-t presump tion rested upon the belief that he held the pa/do,i i"S P"nter in his own hands—but, as trie Governor cannot pardon lor contempt of Court, be finds this '••re aSt work al.-o a slim support in bis weary hour- of: confinement. Every candid man who reads the sub joined opinion Will approve it as embracing the ve ry es-ence ol late arid justice All Important Decision. T*Ssq NIK OAD E5 BSBaAI>3-:. i JOHN TYLER, Jr., vs. VV.M. F. SM ALL. Commonwealth relatione John Tyler, jr., vi. Urn. F. Small. On attachment and motion to corn- i wit for contempt iu enloicement of an injunction, i | Opinion of the Court. I.OWRIK, J.—Tbere can ho I nothing plainer and n ore definite than our duty in re- j la!;on to this case. Our judgment is re-isted and the law requires u- to enforce it, and declares how i :t shall be done We have gone out of the usual j course and allowed the defendant to endeavor to show . us that our judgment is wiongand he has failed to do : it. And tin- is the third time we have beard him in the case. What we have now to .-ay is not so much j to answer the last argument, which advanced noth-J ir.g new, as to show the necessity that demands sub- j mi-sion to the decision of this Court. I lie rteteridant has claimed and still claims to be a ' high and honorable otiirer oi the militia of this Stale, i and therefore one of the conservators of it, peace and dignity as a State; for, by the Constitution, ! 1 (Art. ii, S. 2) the military are "armed, organized' l an I disciplined for its defence," and for r.n other ' purpose. It be has claimed that position in the siri- ' verity of an orderly citizen, he has claimed it as an ' office instituted by the civil power of the Slate, and ' ha- undertaken, on the honor of a military officer ' and a- a military officer, to be "in all cases and at all ' times in strict subordination to the civil power;" for ' such ar-* the very terms in which the Constitution ' (Art. y, N. 22) defines the duty of that branch of its ! organized force. The degree' of this subordination. 1 is sufficiently iilu-trated try the law which requires ' even a major-general end all his subordinates to o- 1 bey toe oiders of a mere police officer (in Philadel phia,) when that officer decides that the military ' lorce is : vces-ary for the maintenance of the public 11 order. On his requisition the highe-t grade of mil.- 1 itary office is bound to obey w ithonr question or re- 1 spo risibility ; and this obligation is directly anala ion- to that which is imposed ori every citizen when t :he Sheriff requires the aid of the posse eom.ita.tns. \ & The defendant's right to the office which he claims f was decided against hitn when the highest court ior 1 fie trial oi military elections, provided hv the Jaw I or such a ca-e, set aside his election on "which the r •ldim IS based. He appealed to the Governor, who c ■etu-ed to entertain the appeal. And in this he was a inquestiouahly right j lor the law has given him no s rower of review in such a case. As Gov-rnor he f ■ad, of cour-e, nothing to do with the ra-e as a di-- c .Uted election. Iri that capacity his duty was mere- o y the ministerial one of is-uing the commission re- t juiret! by the law, if the elect on was uncontested i r ' t ,A >*S contested, was confcr.T-J by the Court c which the law Has instituted for deciding upon it. A | ouhtarycommission issued by him, founded upon an i e election that has beer set aside by the Court appoin- u ted by the law to try it, is mere waste paper in the j I hands of Its holder, just much so n would Ire the j t commission of a judge or ju-tice of the peace issued v by him under similar circumstances. 1 As commander-in-chief, the Governor is fiimelf,ji part of the militia, and of course, with it. stfietly j subordinate lo the civil jiower. It is involved in il that suboidination that the w hole organization of the t military power must be regulated by the civil gov- j >. ern-uent, and founded upon its exprc-sed will. No it. Commander-in-chief or other military officer can. therefore, have any'implied authority, except such c as is necessarily implied from the duties imposed f upon him. because nercs-ary to the performance of i those duties. He can have no appointing power, ex- i

i-ept in those very special cases in which it may be t expressly given to him. We should, indeed, have i made a very absurd oversight in Constitutional legis- i t lation, if, while guarding against military encroach- i tnents, we had given np atl civil supervision of mili- • tary organization, and had left the final power of ap- 1 pointment to military officp in the hand* of the com- 1 niander-in-chief. He would have this power, if he ] could review- and corr-*<-t the decision* in al! cases of > contested elections. We sav, therefore, that neither 1 as governor nor commander-in-chief could he -eta- i side the derision of the Couit that declared the elec tion void, and invested him with the office. The law . i makes that decision tlie final proof agamst the right i to the commission. But on the coming in of a new rommandei-in- . chief, the defendant presented an appeal to him, and i he, erroneously and without authority, set aside the ; previous decisions, gate the defendant a commission arid he entered upon the office. Thus far The defend- , ant wn-- guilty of no legal offence, lor he only sought the correction of a supposed enor, and in a supposed regular form. Then the Commonwealth's prerogative writ of quo warranto, the highe-t remedy which the State could provide for the orderly and peaceable settle ment of disputed titles to office, was i-sueil against him. His claim was heard before the highest civil tribunal for the trial of disputed rights, and for the ((reservation of order that the Constitution ha pro- . vided. It was deliberately heard—twice heard, and j carefully considered^—as carefully a- can lie expected from mere human functionaries. At the fir>t hear ing no expression of opinion on his title fell from the Court, for it was not necessary ; doubt was a sufii. . cient ground for the action then demanded. All ex pre-sion of opinion was then studiou-ly avoided, he cause the dispute wo- of a kind that very rarely oc curs, and i*. w a4fc'!.Ought p-udent by the Court to re serve 1 heil*cmivtsMmi tiniil the fulle-t reflection and j the final argtim. irtt-hould justify and demand their expression. " Before the higbdjrt civil tribunal, ar.d in that high est civil process £j|r such a case, it was decided that the defendant's commission was void, and lie was i commanded to abstain lion' all further intermeddling j with the office. If that decision is not to be obey | ed, then the State is helpless again-t military u-tir jpa tion. ller highest tribunal for the management of j such affairs has -poken and is disregarded. The : means of order WtlTch she has provided are exhaus ted, fruitlessly exhan-ted. The force that is nrg.n - izpd lor her defence, has turned its arm against her; it has cast away the subordination, which the people have required, and ha- declared its own judgment to be the highest rule of right. The military officers. , who are recognized hv the civil power, are excluded from their position by tho-e who i eject the judgment ; of the civil power, and who are disowned by it. IVe cannot doubt the corie tor— s oi' our decision against the defendant's claim to the office of Briga dier General, even aiter now bearing him pre-ent a third argument on the subject. But assume that we were m staken in our interpretation of the law , even then he is bound to submit, for he is not eropowei ed to review our decisions, and there cari be to re view of the judgment of the highest Court Lid. the 1 -ople hnve "tbought proper to e-tabh-h. Even the Commander-in-Chief, as part of the mditia, is bound bv the of the Constitution, until mart.a! law is properly proclaimed ; arid until th ti he would be disorderly in recognizing any military officer, whose commission in due form of law has been de clared invalid. Assume that- we were in tact mistaken in our judg ment ; -till, having performed our duty according to the best of oor learning and ability, we have done all that the State requires of us in the case; and she can require o more so long a- government is admin istered by human agency. Our deri-ion must be tbevervlawol thiscae; ior the people have requi red ii- to a-certa ri and declare it. and we have done • c exactly a* recuired, that is, according to the high nbr jntTimeTit (tellies trie rnmpripncv o: ire perrpie to institute a government that can fulfill all its ffii tie-. Perfection of judgment is not the testol legit imacy of power, oro; the duty of submission to it decision*, for humanity can neither bear the te-t nor apply t. Ihe dee.s on< which we pronounce, file law requires us to enforce, whether partie- and fiie;r iriends approve of them or not. This must be true, i ii government is to be worth anything. The Legisla "ure has invested the Courts with thai portion ot the governmental power bv which tit'o-s to office generally, not excepting military ones, are tried and enforced. This Court has pronounced its decision, and the defendant savs that we are in error • in interfering with military officers—not withstand- j ing their declared subordination to this Court as a branch of the civil power. ]| it is supposed that we have thul marred the symmetry of the military system, it ought also to be known that there is no power to correct this but the Legi-lature, by the passage ot a new law. (7ur judgment was published many weeks before the late adjournment of the Leg islature, and fhey saw nothing 111 it that needed cor rection, and the defendant apiplied for none. 1 he final jndgrni nt on this rasp, thus pronounced and sanctioned, the defendant has ventured to re-is', and others, as rnistak-n as him-e,l, have joined him in this resistance. li no sei ous disturbance ol the public peace ha- arisen from his disregard ot law, it is only becau-e others have been more consider-.te ; than he. He has p-rsi-ted in acting upon a commis- j s on that has been annulled in his bauds by the veiy process which the people have provided lor that pur- 1 pose. IJe las converted the means of discipline, in tended (or t tie defence of order, into a means of dis turbing That order, arid thus lias turned the in-tru ment agairist.the power that ought to wield it : for , it is the civtl government alone that stands tor the , State, and the military is only an instrument that it ' uses as its judgment requires. Better tar that a ! whole brigade should b * di-banded than that the city : of Philadelphia should be the scene of one hour of riot; and so fefarn- they are unwilling to submit to j 1 the civil aiilmiriln.'- tl.ey ought to he disbanded, lor i i they are ujgjjgss tor the purpose for which they were : | instituted* Ar rather they are dangerous, enemies oi that puipofe. We need lot magnify the heinousness of this of- i ' fence. aii'MK-e cannot magnify the danger that is in volved in the principle on which the defendant i> HO- ] ting. It is just such disorders of individuals that continually and necessarily lead to the inultiplica- ' tion and severity of laws, nnd to that -trictne-s of go- 1 vernment by which the liberty of orderly citizens is i unduly restricted, in attempts to conlrolthe tit-order- i j )y and lawless. It is just such individual and associ- | ated disorders that have, jn al! ages, led to that de- ; greeof anarchy that has compelled quiet and indus- ! ' trious citizens to seek the protection of a monarchy, j ' or even ol' 9 military despotism, as a means of saving t them from khose distressing uncertainties and that i , depressing insecurity that tends directly to barbar- . ism, by blighting (hose hopes of the future that are - the foundation ot the honesty, energy and activity of c the presentv. It is jnst such disorders that are con tinualiy incVeasing the expense and the sternness of I government of all our large towns, and that are like- ' ( !y still further to increa-e them ; lor, since the world i 1 began, the disorderly were never allowed a pernia- , r nence oi power, and they never will be. j | We need not -ay how much the p-ace 01" I'hiladel- ! phia would have been endangered, if others had been j ' a- reckless in asserting valid rights as the defendant I a has been in asserting an unfounded one. We preler j f not to think of it. j v He he;? dangerously and grievously offender) a gainst a the peace and dignity of the State, and yet we may j s fenpe that he has acted more from misjudgment than 1 n irom wickedness. We tru-t that he will retrace his ! stops. He will do so when he begins To suspect, as j'* le ought to do, that he is a very unfit judge in his J 0 own ca-e. He will do m when he allows his exclt- v ed feeljngs to cool down so far a- to give his reason f, a fair chance to perform its functions. He will do , o when he separates himself from those who have {•come excitpd in the same cause with him-elf, arid 0 calmly submits To hi*own con-ciersce thp question d' his duty to the State, in view of all the danger ttiat is involved in hi action. Only excitement, ai lot reflection, is found in an interested and partisan P 1 crowd. f< The State, throngb the I eg, Mature, declared its.' y estimate ol the danger which may grow out of a usuiputioii of a public office, when it empowered The P Courts, in such a case a-, this, to eniorce obedience ° by attiichment ami by sequestration. By the lattei . writ all the defendant!* property anil effects may be ~ taken into the custody of the State until he repents . mid submits. By the tornier he rnav incur such punishment as i ordinarily visited upon those who ; 1 Ut-Msard Jbe order of the State and contemn its air- • r thnrity as expres-ed by its constituted tribunals, ami ' f elicit restraint of liberty as is npetsSary to enforce j ~ obedience. The imprisonment of the party who is in contempt i one ol the ordinary steps in all proceedings () f this j kind, and i- usually ordered n natter ol con-tee. i until lie submit-; and as one of the means of enforc ing the decree in favor of'lhe plaintiff. Besides this * there is the remedy to the Stale for the disorderly t] conduct of the defendant in contemning her author - • ty and resisting the process of her couits. and on the '' reading of the plaintiff's affidavits, and the gi anting ; \ of the petition for the attachment, we were tppre- heti-ive tliat we might have to inflict a punishment . for this, but the pre-ent treating has ierl us to be- < 1 lieve that this 1- unnecessary. We irinst see that the-e remedies are put in opera- . tion, so far as is necessary for tfap case. However ; t indulgently we might be disposed to treat more pri- j . ' ate offenders, we cannot suffer it to be supposed ; that any indulgence ran he shown to insubordination j < that claims to be official, or that the authority of the | , State can be contemned with impunity, under the; color of an office. But we do not think proper to . ' impose ar.y penalty, in the character of punishment, | , as the case a- present appears. We have peihaps said more than we are called lip- 1 on to say under the present a-pect of this case; hot we have done it with the hope these suggest ions may lend to that reflection which a regard for public or- 1 ' der demands. Our duty is now simply the mdinary ; one of entering the ordinary order by which such de cisions are to he enforced. ' ORBKB. And now, to wit, June sth, lSoO: The said de fendant, Wrn. P. Small, having been Nought before the Couit, silting at Harrishtirg, on an attachment for contempt in disobeying the injunction issued in this case, and having been heard in relation thereto, and having admitted that he was served with a no tice of the said injunction and that he had afterwards d.sobeyed IT. and having per- sled in refusing toobey !be same, Ifiis Court doth declare and adjudge that tio? -aid Wrn. p. Small has been and is guilty of a ■ contempt of this Court, in wilfully refu-ing to com ply with said injunction, anti that such mi-conduct lias impaired impeded and prejudiced the right ami ! remedies ol" (he plaintiff in this can-e ; and it i-there loie ordered that Ihe said Wrn. 1. Small pay the • cost,- and expenses of the proceedings in relation to The said contempt, and that for remedy oi the plain tiff in this behalf he he committed In the debtor's apartment of the prison of the ritv and county of Philadelphia until the said co-is and expenses be paid ; and further, that he stand committed until ! the further order of this Court, or until, on pe- j tition and httheax rorpus trom this Court he -hall, np- J en oath before on -of the Judges thereof, declare and j sav to the satisfaction of such Judge, that he will ai- i way- hereafter obstain from the office oi Brigadier ' General of the second brigade of the first division ol j ; the militia, under or hy virtue oi' the election and ; co ernis- on. or either of Them, in w Inch lie has he.-e --tol'ore, in this cause, founded hi- claim to The said office.and that a warrant i-sue accord ngly to the Sheriff o; the city and county of Philadelphia. lied ford Academy. d/" The examination and Exhibition of this In stitution, under the control of .Mr. WILLIAM W. CaMrnni.r., took place on )a-t Thursday and Friday. The examination on Thursday and the Exhibition on Friday evening. AI! passed off pleasantly, and in a j manner highly creditable both to the Principal and j the scholars. The Exhibition was largely attended, j In fact the Court House was crowded to overflow ing, ; . and the audience was highly delighted with the exer cise-, giving manifestations which left no room for j doubt on thi- point. Rev. Mr. SAMPLE and Rev. Mr. ; HiiYorx occupied seats on the platform, and took a | lively interest in the proceedings of the evening. At 1 the closeof the Exhibition, Mr. C.VMFBKI.L having \ introduced thi? Rev. Mr. HKVPEN to the audience, he i spoke in -iihstaiice as follows, to the gratification ol ! all present : , g.u ,worspkw,>ivaVwaf \sir af' fay&i i tat tort of the r\- client Principal of our Clas-i- ' ca! .lea !,■■•! v, I cannot dec lint 1 ti.e task irnpi.s- > ei n tiie <?! saying a few words on an occasion ; win if there l- so much to commend —an occti- | siin so ;M -resting to pupils and | trenis-as well ' as to the community at large. The numerous J and ivsf-clable assemblage in attendance here j this evening is sufficient proofh av highly the j people ot Bedford appreciate the inefliihle bless- j ing of a sound and thorough education: and how ! j much also they value the services of those who j shew capacity and success in imparting; to otb- j era that education. We have l.een all amply gratified this evening, in beholding the crown-J ing close of a most successful and judicious ■ coins-ol educnti na! training and school dis- ! ctpline. 'file literary treat Ihral has Keen giv- I eti hv the alumni of our rising and flourishing j Academy reflects the highest credit upon Prin- ; : cipal and scholars, and must have caused the i hearts of many parents present, to expand with ! hone-t pride, in witnessing , fi s! In :!-," so t > sp.-ak, of their dear children's talents and \ j application. They are the i;t:i;m of their fu-J . fttte excellence and no ambiguous signs of a : ; brilliant alter car-vr. Assuredly, he whoso skilfully and happily brings forth these latent * qualities anil deyelopes those buried resources! of the youthful rr.ind whicli otherwise would have lain dormant and dead, deserves no -can- | , tv meed of praise. This is what f call educa- j 'ion. For the term itself literally signifies to Bni.vG out, to evolve. ['here are many of us, 1 i doubtless-, who have walked through Galleries i of tlie Fine Arts and beheld ranged in order thus,- beautiful marble statues that seem almost i to he animated. In our admiration, we appear i to forget, that these all hut breathing statues were once a portion of' an unshapen, buried I block of marble, until they were, so to speak, 1 chiseled inio life by the plastic hand of the pa- £ tient sculptor. The master is to the youthful, I unshapen, uninformed mind, what the sculptor i t is to the rude, unseemly block of marble.— If And it we admire the sculptor lor his handi- t work, how infinitely more ought we to prize j a the skill and industry of the enlightened master | | who brings out, chisels, polishes and firms not I u inert mutter , but /itu'/ig, immortal minds, and j a give S theni the shape and loveliness of every ex- j 1 celjence, intellectual and moral. j a I congratulate the citizens of Bedford in ha- I a ring in their midst so eliicient an educational d institution as the one under the guidance and ! c management of our worthy friend, ami I hope 1 1 his talents, zeal ami labors so successful I v ex- ! s ' pended in the cause of education will he duly : ' appreciated by all. I trust every one here who ! d has been regaled by the literary feast of this e- ti vening, will return to his home with a greater ' admiration and love for education, and more ! o strongly resolved to sustain all literary enter- t v prize with his warmest patronage. The verv j h existence of our glorious Constitution am! ail P our political institutions which itiake us the en- d v v of tlie world, depend uj>ori our esteem and ! fostering care of education. The day we fail t j lo appreciate it, it may |,e truly said, the knell tl of the Republic is rung.'* y Mr. Heyden having concluded Mr. Campbell made S in eloquent and feeling addre.s, in which he took a g oartial if not a final leave of the citizens of Bed- tl .<wd. He tnay return, but this is very uncertain, di V\e l ope s,nearly he may, for his labor, , proved of immense service to the rising i>f this place. 4 ' or * W biU? all their rfp#ctive parts * to call forth The greate-t applause, and leave no"r 0 oo i, for criticism, Est* Annie was evidently the in the performance, and, in ihe character he so aiiu rably assumed, called forth a shout and a l u .h fould -carcely Ue suppressed. Old Ireland could Z well turn nut a better Irishman thr.n Espy. Temperance Lecture, A Mrs. KI.IZA Tno**o* lectured „ M( , e M. E. Church ol B-dlord, on the Temperance ipu s!i 'ti. on last rhttrsday cv'iming, ton s;i ,q assemblage of gullet citizens. H,. r was of the most ordinary clap-trap oriitu, an 1 was the iherne of ritliculehy all whom We haw heard ej.eak on Ihe subject, ihe ought to <?,, a ten . 1 .i m tiom "'ore congenial t-> her rniinl. If, br wever, she continues to pur sue i his suiij'Ct, she should be particularly careful how she denounces the use of brai d"v when Ihe excuse, fir taking it is ta,-„d 0 "not feeling well:' Es.tire Protiib,tionUh should be the last to take brandy for u nick . ao'i, on their own prescription. It is due to the Pastor of the Church to say that he had no agency whatever in extending to her Urn courtesy of the pulpit. jj e vvgs no , even in the house on the occasion. K7"The following speech was delivered bv \\ B. Reno, Esq., at tfie great Democratic RaTJication Meeting held in Philadelphia on last Saturday eve>! ing, and UP publish it as fifing a production of great mt-nt and worthy the attention especially of those who have heretofore acted with the Pa,t v bur who have refused to ln-comc the slaves of Know Nothitiglsrn. Mr. REED has been recognized as or of the most prominent Whigs in Pennsylvania, and the bold manner in which he avows his determina tion to act with the Democracy entitles him to the rrspect and confidence of the people. Thousands who have never before voted a Democratic Ticket will unite with Mr. Rt-ed in giving a hearty supper: to the nominees of the Cincinnati Convention : speef ii of Hon. W in. B. llecil. Fellow-citizens, 1 am here this evening by the kind invitation of your committee. 1 a;n here under the generous and comprehensive call of your meeting; and 1 am here with as ; -irons a wish as animates any one within the j sound of inv voice that th- ticket nominated at Cincinnati may fie successful. In coming herr. I am conscious ol no separation lroni ancient friends or from existing politi-al organizalii ;s ; for the great party with which 1 l ave s- I- !y ac ted is practically extinct. No one stood j v it longer than 1 did. Those who would now pros titute its name for othet uses (and even that is hardlv pretended) have no claim on try fi.loli ty, ami those who, without a change of f-eling ! or opinion on any great principle of gowin i ment, think there is something more sacred than j a traditionary party name: they—and theie ! lire thousands such around us and amongst us— i will, on the great question as to whose !• • | the trust of our executive government shall be j confided for the next four years, will cc,:;- ! wifh me and vote with you. lam glad to be ; among the fir.-t of the great conservative party ; if litis city thus publicly to avow adhesion la j the candidates of national democtacy. It nay be lam taking a hazardous step. It nay he a ; sacrifice. But, be it what it may. no one si,all 1 sav it is a half-wav, timid, hesitating step; or j rrrat now. alter a ore ox v*ry ,wk c ; I he-hate to do that which every sentiment f i loyalty to the constitution, of clear dufv to rr.v j native State and to mv native city, prvr.pts.— i Thus feeling, thus speaking, thus verv willing J lo act—coming, too, as a private and u:idi-!i!i --j gnished citizen, witli no ends to gain, to a-pi j rations to giatify—l consider I shall be v.el • come. But I have a special and a local object in he ! ing here to-night, and wish that what I sav could reach every man of business in the com munity, tor on the ground ol mere local inter est I can ilernonstrate which side Philadelphia ought to take in the issue now fief re tlie j - tile. Shall the capitol ol Pennsylvania, thi metropolis so often pr>st-poned, so much over shadowed, cast its itifltrence and throw i's u?te —is it wise, is it patriotic, is it politic. ! rit to throw its vote—against a Pennsylvania can didate fo. the pr stde.icy I Especial'v is it un vri-se to do so when the vote would, in all hu man probability, be cast in favor of a princed - of sectionalism against which Philadelphia has always arrayed itself? With aggressive >-c --tionalisir. in any form this city ol the constitu tion never has liad, arte never can have, c m rt,union, and I cliet ish the hope that if hereaf ter Philadelphia finds herself obliged to clioo-' between a merely abolition cause, in mv tvm or guise, and the national party, which knows no higher law than the constitution, and main •: its principles conservative ol tlie Lnion, her citizens will come i nward to the support ol Mi. Buchanan with as zealous and Iv-arty a will as 1 feel it my dotv to do now. Temporary an t national excitements mav have their influence of delay, hut the ultimate result is c Gain.— When .Mr. Buchanan was last here returning from public service to his home, the politicians barred the door against him. No welcome greeted him from official lips. But the men r; business, the merchants of Philadelphia, took the duty into their own hands. They thank? him for maintaining their honor abroad, l ory thanked him for his effort to maintain peac-. and with it the interests of commerce and peaceful industry. To them he spoke words ol genial gratitude and of conservative counsei: and they now feel, differing as they may from him politically, that the interests el the nation are safe in his hands. He stands before us, to . a man of irreproachable private character. I' during the canvass about fo begin, Mr. Bucha nan maintains, as I am sure lie will, his atti tude of dignified moderation, of admonitory re serve, to all who from anv quarter urge a eon tra-ullraism— if he continues to stand as he no does before the nation, the type of conserva ;ive statesmanship, with no abatement of fidel ity to the great party who in honoring hitn hon jrs itself,*l, as one of its humblest citizens, in cite him back to Philadelphia to a new am leoitier welcome. J shall be glad to see a Pennsylvania President welcomed in Indepen" lence Hall. This matter of State pride, this local exulta ion in honors rendered to our own public men, oust not lie looked on as an illusory senlin.en!. four distinguished guests to-night front ot or Mates will not think the worse ol us fr indic ting it. It is that which has made Virginia he Mother of Presidents. She nurses hei chn Iron like a lovely mother, and does not bi.r