Newspaper of Bedford Gazette, October 30, 1857, Page 2

Newspaper of Bedford Gazette dated October 30, 1857 Page 2
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THE BEDFORD GAZETTE. Bedford, Oct. 30. 1857. B. F. Meyers ft ft W. Benford, Editors. DEMOCRATIC COUNTY MEETING. The Democrats of Bedford County, will assem ble in Mass Meeting at the Court House, on Mon day evening of next Court week, to celebrate the glorious victory achieved by the Democratic party at the late election. Let there be a full turn out of the gallant men who charged the ranks ofthe enemy with such signal success and who can now meet together and congratulate each other on the triumph of the principles for which they so noblv battled! Reduction of Terms! THE "GAZETTE" FURNISHED TO SUB SCRIBERS FOR $1,50, IF PAID IN ADVANCE!! In accordance with the general wish of our subscribers we have concluded to reduce the price of our paper to $ 1 50 per annum, cash, in advance. If payment is nut made in ad vance, $2,00 will be charged il paid within the year; whenever a subscriber suffers his account to remain unsettled at the end of the year, $2,50 will be charged. Q y These Terms will be strictly and invariably adhered to. All of cur present subscribers who will make payment before thefrst day of January next, shall receive the Gazette at the above named rate of $1,50 per annum, in advance, and those who have already paid us $2,00 for the present volume, shall have a credit of 50 cents on the next. Did we Speak FaHely? It was an assertion of Democratic speakers and presses in the last Presidential campaign, that Mr. Buchanan's election would allay the fanatical excitement which had been aroused throughout the entire country, by the agitation of the Slavery question, and that the elevation ofthat great and good man, would bring the es tranged sections of the Union once more into harmony and unity of feeling with each other. This assertion was grounded upon the premises furnished bv Mr. Buchanan's public career, and therefore was entirely irrefutable. The Abolitionists could not combat the Democratic party on this point, and, consequently, they were forced to content themselves with simply calling Democrats liars, when they made the; assertion. This was also the case when the friends of Mr. Buchanan averred that, should he be elected to the Presidency, the bona fide citizens of Kansas, would have the full and unqualified privilege of expressing their senti ments in relation to the establishment, or pro hibition, of Slavery in that Territory. This averment of the Democratic party was most ve hemently denied by the Abolitionists, and though they could not stay its force upon the public mind by pure argument, they succeeded in doing so, in some degree, by dint of violent denunciation, and by appealing to the passions and prejudices of the people. We now have "confirmation strong as proofs of Holy Writ," of the truth of these things predicted of Mr. Buchanan's Administration by hi 9 supporters.— We see that the people of Kansas enjoy the rights guaranteed them by the Constitution.— We see that the Free State men of that Terri tory have elected their nominee for Congress. We see that no partiality is shown by the Ad ministration to any sectional party, whatever. The fever that threatened destruction to our nation has abated. The tumultuous excitement on the slavery abstraction no longer menaces the best interests of the people. No ! For the Administration of James Buchanan, is a sun in our political sky, that dispels every cloud touched by the beams of its lustrous glory. The Speakership of the next State Senate. A Democratic speaker will, of course, be chosen to preside over the del iberations of the next State Senate. The Huntingdon Globe and Hollidaysburg Standard have already spoken out in favor of our own Senator, Hon. Wm. P. Schell, as their choice for this position. To this we say most heartily, amen ! Mr. Schell is well qualified to fill the post and the valuable services which he rendered the Democratic party in redeeming this Senatorial District from the thrall of Know Nothing Abolitionism, certainly entitle him to the distinction which would be conferred upon him by his elevation to the Speak er's chair. Indeed it would be no more than a just tribute to his patriotism, were his fellow Democrats in the Senate thus to honor the man who at the sacrifice of his own personal interests, stood foith to lead the supposed lorlorn hope of his party,against an enemy confident ot a cer tain and overwhelming victory. The articles of the papers above alluded to, in relation to this subject, have been omitted, for want of room. —The late elections have generally resulted in favor of Democratic measures and candi dates. The people after having had a fair trial of Mr. Buchanan in the Presidential chair, have spoken out in thunder tones in endorse ment of his administration. Pennsylvania has given a rebuke to the enemies of her "Favorite Son - ' such as they will not soon forget. Geor gia has acknowledged her fealty [to Democratic principles, by electing a Democratic Governor by a large majority. Mississippi stands by the side of Georgia and assists in swelling the Dem ocratic Column. California has given her ver dict in favor of the only National Party in ex istence. Ohio--yea,even Abolition Ohio hascho sen a Democratic Legislature and could defeat the Democratic candidate for Governor by Negro votes! (Chase's (Ab.) majority is about 600.) lowa uyel in doubt, but is probably Democratic, and Mi noeseta, the rising star of the North West, has unfurled the banners of De mocracy, and will inarch into the IJruon be neath their glorious folds. ABOLITION' BOASTING. The Abolition leaders of this Senatorial Dis trict, when they nominated Gen. Koontz, in August last, boasted that they would elect that candidate by a majority o (fifteen hundred!— They published this ridiculous bravado in eve ry oewspaper under their control, and so fre quent and so emphatic were their repetitions of it, that some few easy-nalured, credulous peo ple began, at length, to believe that there might be some truth in the assertion. The sequel, however, has shown that they were on ly "bluffing," when thev indulged so freely in this system of boasting, and that when they told the people that their candidate for Senator would be elected by fifteen hundred majority, they knew they were falsifying, for no politi cian as well informed of the political condition of this Senatorial District as these abolition leaders professed to be, could make a mistake of seventeen hundred and twenty-one, in comput ing the probable vote in the district for the sev eral candidates. No! It was their game to make the people believe that the Democratic nominee had no chance of an election, and thus to render Democrats indifferent to the contest for Senator. It was their plan, as it ever has been, and douhtlpss ever will be, to deceive.— Let ever)' patriotic citizen and, especially, eve ry Democrat, remember this, and hereafter, when the opposition boast of what they intend doing, let them be reminded of the Democratic triumph in 1557, in the Senatorial District planned and arranged by Mr. Jordan to suit the wishes and purposes of his own party. In order to show how gracefully the politi. cal jugglers who edit the Abolition newspapers of this Senatorial District, play at the game of "Brag," we append a few extracts from those newspapers, taken at random 'from their col umns. (From the Somerset Herald and Whig.) Senatorial. The Locofocos of this District have nominated j WM. P. SCHELL, Esq., of Bedlord,as their can- { didale for Senator, and the Bedford Gazelle talks about his polling "such a vote as will as tonish those who are credulous enough to be lieve that we shall be misrepresented by a Black Republican Senator in the next Legislature.— Let every Democrat do his duty (says the Ga zette) and Wm. P. Schell will be elected be yond a peradventure." Exactly so. Down in Bedford the Locos I talk of Gen. KOONTZ as a "Black Republican." here they appeal to the Republicans against him as a "Know Nothing." We are satisfied; "to let them have their go in" on any terms they please. The Gazette talks of its candi- ; date as if it thought he was a hnrd-Sehell. Our i b'hoys will make him think he's a Schell-bark by the way they'll peel him on the 13th of; October. We can Scfiell-ovt fifteen hundred j majority for Gen. KOONTZ in old Somerset, and ; that will out-Schell the opposition candidate in i this district. Well, the 13th of October came and went, and you did'nt do as you promised, Mr. Herald , <s>* Whig. Instead of giving Gen. Koontz 1500, j as you said you would, you could raise for him i only the paltry majority of 589 ! What a ■ "guess" you did make, to be sure ! Why, j your guessing is nearly as bad as your puns, i (From the Abolition Organ in Bedford.) OUR CANDIDATE FOR SENATOR.* It will be seen from the proceedings which i we publish in to-day's paper, that Gen. WM. H. I KOONTZ, of Somerset County, has been placed in nomination for the office of Senator for this j District, composed of the Counties of Bedford, Somerset and Huntingdon. GEN. KOONTZ is well known in Bedford County. He has frequently addressed our County meetings, and last Fall he spent consid erable time in addressing our friends in the dif ferent townships. He is one of the leading : lawyers at the Somerset bar, and a man of talent. 1 influence and standing. He will have a ma- : joritv of some fourteen or fifteen hundred in that County, and he will also run the full party ] vote and something over, in this County, audi we have no doubt, our friends in Huntingdon will rally to the nominee, to a man. Mr. Koontz will rank among the most talented and able members of the next Pennsylvania Sen-i ate. How truthful the prophecy! How strange ly the predictions of the Abolitionists have been verified ! Hereafter, when they prophesy, let all other prophets and "sons of prophets,""stand from under!" Hereafter when they foretell a candidate's election, let that candidate's oppo nent hang up his electioneering fiddle, for they never miscalculate—oh ! no—only occasionally "to tne tune" of about a thousand votes. Three Questions for Abolitionists to An swer. 1. Do laborers get only "ten cents a day," now that Mr. Buchanan has been President nearly a year? 2. What has become of "Bleeding Kan sas 1" 3. Did Wilmot stump Gen. Packer? The answers to these questions are to be writ ten out on little triangular pieces of red paper, with the pen that was used in keeping the Know Nothing records, alter Esq. Nicodemus left the Order, and are to be pasted up in the room where the American party was sold out to the Abolitionists, ("like sheep in the sham hies") in the Presidential campaign of 1856. THE VOTE FOR GOVERNOR. We publish in another column, the official vote of the State for the several candidates for Governor. Gen. Packer's majority over Wil mot reaches the enormous sum of Forty T*VO Thousand Seven Hundred and Sixteen Votes! His majority over Wilrnot and Hazlehurst combined, is fourteen thousand five hun rtd and fifty-six, being a Democratic GAIN in the State, since the •ith of November, last, of about Fourtecu Thousaud Votes! Two hundred and eighty head of cattle pass ed through Toledo last week, which had been driven a long journey from Texas, through Kansas and Missouri, on their wav to New Fork. PENNSYLVANIA LEGJSLATURE. The next Legislature will be composed of9o ! Democrats and 43 Abolitionists, the Democrats having a majority of 47 on joint ballot 1 The • two Houses stand thus divided: Democrats. Abolitionists. Senate, 21 12 House of Rep., 69 31 90 43 [C?"Looks as laree as life and twice as natural— The Bedford Gazettes mammoth cock. We thought his cockship had retired to private life alone with the veteran Bowman; but are happy to see that the new editors considered him an indispensable ap pendage to the Gazette office. Lone may he crow ! —Pen, Paste and Scissors in Hollulayshurg- Stand ard. We had thought that "Pen, Paste and Scis- ; sors" had deserted the Standard and followed the fortunes of the immortal Juniata Jones, but like our big rooster, he seems to be "joined to his idols," and is still the same "jolly old cock" lie has ever been—only a little more so. Long may that "Standard" wave! Correspondence. Oct a!', a City, Nebraska Territory. Oct. 9, 1857. FRIENDS MEYERS &, BENFOUD:— I arrived here in one week from the time ol my leaving Bedford, arid was detained three nights on the road. Omaha is situated upon a high plateau and bluff, on the western bank ol the Missouri, opposite Council Bluffs. Be tween three and tour years ago, it lay under pi at rie grass and timber. It contains now about 3000 in habitants. The Capitol building is under roof, it commands a beautiful view up and down the Missouri, overlooking Council Bluffs, Florence, Saratoga (towns upon the rivet banks) and a large expanse of country. The inhabitants are composed chiefly of Neiv Yorkers, or New Englanders, a class of progres sive and intelligent peopli. I saw as fine look ing men and women here, and as fast bob-tail horses as you will find any place. The people here appear fto mind the money crash less than any where else. There are now fifty or .sixty buildings going up fx. some very permanent ones. The Hotel now being erected upon, or near, the landing, is almost equal in dimensions to the Monongabela House, at Pittsburg, and will cost over $60,000. The Recorder's ollice how ever, 1 found in a tailor's shop and haven't been able to find any Court House yet. Council Bluffs is much more favorably loca ted than I had supposed. Its buildings are be ginning to protrude from the bluffs and present to tie Oinahas* quite an imposing front. Its people aro a little more of the old Pennsylvania cast. The reliability ot its business men has be come proverbial. When we take into consider ation the vast territory, with its agricultural ; resources, reeding from the Missouri, on either i sid" and the river running between the two ! points, the people of Omaha and Council Bluffs , may look forward lo the time at no distant day, when both will be a commmon point and their diversified interests, more essentially one than they now are. i If your people have any business in this coun try, they can entrust it with safety to Nutt, Tritie & Co., of Council Bluffs, or Andrew J. Poppleton Esq., of Omaha. They can be relied I on as lawyers, land agents, or gentlemen. ; I feel displeased with this country in only ; one particular and that is with regard to my | stage ride from lowa City actoss to the Territory. You find the stage drivers (with a few excep [ tions) the "western stage company." They I drive just as they please and take an hour at j each station to change horses, provided it don't j suit them to do it in a shorter time. Jt is an I outrage upon decency, morals and every thing j else to take sucti a ride, if it can be avoided ! : I would advise every person coming out this : way to come by St. Louis, or, if across the State ?of lowa, to come by private conveyance. The ; territory around here, as in the Eastern part of | lowa, I find well watered and timbered and \ sutiicienlly rolling to keep it clear of sloughs, or swamps. More anon. Yours 6cc. OSCEOLA. William I*. Sclull, Esq. , The "/Jewi." total (borrowingfrom Mr. Man | tilini) ol the Democratic triumphs all over the i Union is very refreshing to every patriotic heart; ; but some of the "items" are more than that, and i very amusing, besides. The election of William P. Schell to the j Senate of Pennsylvania, from the Bedford, ! Huntingdon and Somerset district, is one of the S items. All our readers are aware that this district has been very woolly and plug-ugly, and Mr. Schell, who was formerly in the lower house, and elected Speaker, and very popular with his constituents was nominated late in the summer as a forlorn hope, because the present Senator, Jordan, had fixed the district just to suit him self, and to defeat the Democracy. Hut, lo ! Bedford county rolls up an increased majority for Mr. Schell over the vote of Mr. Buchanan, and faithless Somerset and slow old Huntingdon didn't come up to the scratch for the K. .Vs. The joke ol'the thing is this : that Mr. Koontz, who strutted through the district with the as surance and insurance of election, as thongh he got his policy from the Phmnix office, damned the Irish and ridiculed tne^Jutch,is left at home among his "Irosty sons of thunder," as he called his Somerset constituents. Mr. Schell has al ready filled a legislative position with marked ability, and we congratulate him on his unex pected triumph. If the pot-house slang that Mr. Koontz indulged in on the stump is the style in Somerset, we are glad the "frosty son of thunder" has met with a colder snap than he ex pected.—Pittsburg Post. IHE LAST PANIC. — The Black Republican party, says the Albany Jlrgus, are seized with a panic like that which has just run through the country. It commenced with the failures of the "Ohio Trust," and will end in a general suspension. It the country dealers in politics do not brand them as burglars, we are no judges IHE DEMOCRACY OF VERMONT. —Last year the Democracy of Vermont pulled 11,74-7 votes for Governor. This year 12,869 —Democratic gain 1,112. Last year the majority against us was 23,284. This year 14,112—Democratic nett gain 10,284. Last year our strength in the House was 16. this year 30. So much for one year. Another year will tell a better story still. —The Banks in Philadelphia, it is said will accept the provisions of the Relief Law. 33 vtv ill cs . ... . Major Emory, it is stated, has been relieved from the Mexican boundary commission. The work has been accomplished. A man died recently in Alabama from the nail of his toe growing into the flesh. The trou ble is technically called "phlebitis." —lt is stated that goods to the amount of many millions of dollars, now warehoused in the United States, will he re-shipped to Europe. Quarantine has been raised at New Orleans, and it is now expected large quantities of specie ; will arrive lrom Cuba. —Hon. Thomas F. Marshall is delivering a course of lectures at Louisvilleun the Philoso

phy of H istory. —The fifth annual exhibition of the North Carolina Agricultural Society opened at Raleigh on Tuesday. —Dr. Cuthberl, an eminent physician of: Smyrna, Del., died suddenly on Tuesday last. —Philip Gadsden, a son of Bishop Gadsden, of South Carolina, died on the 13th inst. —Jersey City is without a coroner. A per son .Was elected to fill that office, but refuses to serve. —Eleven hundred lons of English Cannei coal have arrived at Mobile. —The SWEDENBOROIANS have recently cele brated the hundredth anniversaryofthe 'Church of the New Jerusalem' at Stuttgardt. A young widow has established a pistol gal lery in New Orleans. Her qualifications as a teacher of the art of duelling are, of course, un doubted, for she has killed her man. —St. Louis is noted for the quantity and quality of fwr flour. Her capacity for manufac turing is said to be about 1,000,000,000 barrels every year. —A number of citizens of Holiidaysburg, Pa., clubbed together and bought their winter's sup ply of flour at $5.72 and $6.26 per barrel. —At the meeting of the next Congress, two new Slates will be in readiness for admission in to the Union—Minnesota and Oregon. —Col. Benton has so far recovered as to ven ture out in the open air in front of his house. : He is still quite weak. —The anniversary ol the battle of Yorktown was celebrated on Monday, both at Norfolk and Richmond, by the military. Rev. Mr. Dodge was installed pastor of the Second Presbyterian Church at Wheeling on Monday evening. —The Middlesex Republican , a Republican paper published in Middletown, Ct., has given up the ghost. —5359,948 of boots and shoes, $264,812 of tanned skins, and $66,980 of leather were | exported from the United States to Canada the past year. —The inauguration of Governor Harris, of Tennessee, will take place on the Ist of Novem ber next. —A daughter of Mr. P. T. Barnum was mar ried at Bridgeport, on Tuesday, to Mr. S. H. I Hurd, of New Y T ork. Harper Brothers, the extensive New \ 7 ork : publishers, and proprietors cf Harpers' Mngti i zine, have suspended payments. —An ex-member of the Massachusetts Le ' gisiature has been sentenced to the State prison | for three years, for forgery, j —On Thursday last, all the hanks in New ! York suspendad speci-* payment. —The New York Tribune fears that Siblev (Dem.)is elected Governor of Minnesota. Most of the philosopher's fears now-a-daysare real ities. C —The~Tjynchburgh Virginian of Saturday says there \\QS snow on the mountains, within sight of that place, on the Jpreviousday. Mr. John Elstner, an old and esleemed merchant of Cincinnati, died on Saturday. —The Daily Republic, of Buffalo, formerly Republican, is now a Democratic paper. —James Wilson, an old resident of Allegheny city, Pa., fell dead in church on Sunday last. —Godarcl, the aeronaut, made a very success ful ascension at Pittsburg on Saturday last. —Hon. James B. Clay, of Kentucky, is on a visit to Washington. —Anthony Burns, the fugitive, whose re capture at Boston produced such an excitment a few years since, is now a student in the Fair mont Theological Seminar)-, near Cincinnati. He has been studying a year or so past at Cberlin —A lawyer in the interior of Kentucky re cently declined paying his merchant for his bill of goods on the grounds that the trader might suspend an.l kp< p the money out of circulation. —The children in the public schools of Cin cinnati have contributed one hundred and thirty fivp dollars towards the fund for Capt. Hern don's family. —Hon. Howell Cobb, Secretary of the Trea sury, and Hon. Jacob Thompson, Secretary of the Interior, visited the Maryland Agricultural Society Fair on Thursday. —The Siamese Twins are now exhibiting themselves again. They are now forty-seven years of age, have each a wile and seven chil dren, two of the latter accompanying them. Thev go from Nashville to Memphis. Dr. Hampton, a physician in Chicago, com mitted suicide last week in consequence of pecu niary troubles. He leaves a widow and six chil dren. —Twenty bodies have been taken from the smoking ruins of the late disastrous conflagration in Chicago, and others are still missing. The Washington Union of Saturday evening says: "Disorder is on the increase in this city. On Thursday night a third man had his pocket picked." R. M.Stewart, Governor elect of Missouri, was inaugurated on the 22d inst. OFFICIAL KETLRNS OF THE ELECTION j FOR GOVERNOR. % i rr q cot NTIKS: g g 2_ 9 9 I > Adarni 2, .163 1,000 58 Allegheny 0,600 7,089 856 Armstrong 2,409 2,100 111 Beaver 1,557 1,990 20 Bedford 2,338 1,568 398 Berks 8,722 2,750 *74 Blair 1,819 1,150 069 Bradford 2,082 5,642 6 j Bucks 5.747 1,801 101 I Butler 2,361 2,831 53 Cambria 2,379 1,042 165 Carbon 1,057 672 103 Centre 2,663 2,140 35 Chester 5,388 5,269 424 Clarion 2,132 987 25 Clearfield 1,409 7 20 235 Clinton 1,461 1,085 18 Columbia 2,410 1,144 30 Crawford 2,576 3,511 Cumberland 3,078 2,466 58 Dauphin 3,109 2,656 600 Delaware 1,098 1,614 009 Elk 502 276 3 Erie 1,985 3.305 143 Fayette 3,1 01 2,520 80 Forest 65 79 Franklin 3,1 SO 3,068 91 Fulton 817 570 9 Greene 2,034 1,000 8 Hunlingiion 1,749 1,078 248 Indiana 1,437 2,600 20 Jefferson 1,268 1,125 54 Juniata 1,108 1,035 20 Lancaster 6,486 7,690 1,236 Lawrence 1993 1,992 00 Lebanon 1,980 2,604 182 Lehigh 3,805 2,957 9 Luzerne _ 0,268 3,530 911 Lycoming 2,82-4 1,684 317 McLean 190 065 7 Mercer 2,538 2,928 49 ! Mifflin 1,539 1,217 101 Monroe 2,234 504 0 Montgomery 5,148 2,608 1,386 Montour 1,080 068 71 - Northampton 4,967 1,111 1,010 ! Northumberland 2,82! 971 490 | Perry _ 1,905 1,564 161 ! Bike 758 190 12 • Philadelphia 27,749 10.001 14,330 ! Potter -193 907 ! j Schuylkill' 5,980 3,079 581 ! | Snyder 999 969 81 i Somerset 1,741 2.277 0j I Sullivan 494 265 ! j Susquehanna 2,419 3,224 28 j i Tioga 1,193 3,284 I : Union 971 1,270 162- j Venango 1,900 1.790 2 ; Warren 889 1,369 9 | Washington 3,702 3,61 I 142 ' Wayne 1,992 1,691 00 Westmoreland 4,301 3,448 24 Wyoming 1,220 995 12 York 5,314 1,778 1,332 188,803 140,147 28,160 ; PENNSYLVANIA, SS. | in the mime and by the authority of the Com monwealth of Pennsylvania, JjLMES POL- , LOCK, Governor of the said Commonwealth. A PROCLAMATION. FELLOW CITIZENS : —To render lo Almightv I God, vvlto controls the destinies of nations and i men, the homage of devout gratitude and praise : for bis goodness and mercy, is the appropriate ! and solemn duty ofa free and highly favored j j people. As the Giver of every good and per- j feci gift we should ever recognize His hand in - our mercies, and acknowledge our dependence | upon His providence ; and although adversity j I may throw its dark shadows across our pathway, i j yet we should be assured cf this that "the Judge'l : of all the earth w ill do right." During the past year the bounties of a kind ! Providence have not been withheld from our j Commonwealth. Our free institutions have ! been preserved, and our rights arid privileges, i civil and religious, enjoyed and maintained. ; The arts and sciences, aud the great interests of! education, morality aud religion, have claimed j the attention and received the encouragement of an intelligent and liberal people. Honorable | industry in its varied departments has been re i warded ; and although recent severe financial ! revulsion has tilled with gloom, sorrow and dis ! tress, the hearts and homes of many of our citi ! Zens, yet no fear of famine, no dread of impend ing public or social calamity, mingles with our j emotions of gratitude for past blessings, orweak i ens our trust tor the future, in the providence jofHim who wounds but to heal, and "w hose meicy endureth forever." A plenteous harvest has crowned the labor ol the husbandman—peace | with its gentle and reforming influences, and j unwonted health with its benefits and mercies, j have been vouchsafed to us. In acknowledgement ol these manifold bless ings, we should offer unto God thanksgiving and pay our vows unto the most High ; and call up on Him "in the day ot trouble : He will deliver thee and thou shall glorify Him." Under the solemn conviction of the propriety of this duty, and in conformity with established custom and the wishes ol many good citizens, I, JAMES POLLOCK, Governor of the Common wealth of Pennsylvania, do hereby recommend THURSDAY, THE TWENTY SIXTH DAY OF NOVEM BER NEXT, as a day of general thanksgiving and ! praise throughout this State, and earnestly re quest the people that, abstaining from their usual avocations and all worldly pursuits, they assem ble on that day according to their religious cus toms, and unite in offering thanks to Almightv God for fI is past goodness and mercies ; and while humbly acknowledging our transgression, and imploring His forgiveness, beseech Him, with sincere and earnest desire, to return and | visit us again with his loving kindness, make 'us worthy of His bounties, and continue to lus the rich blessings of His providence and | grace. I Given under my hand and the Great Seal of the Statn at Harrisburg, this nineteenth day of October, in the year of our Lord [L. S.] one thousand eight hundred and fifty seven, and of the Commonwealth the eighty-second. Bv the Governor. JOHN M. SULLIVAN, Deputy Secretary of the Commonwealth. A NATIONAL BANK. — Ihe JVutional Inteli fen cer devotes upwards of two columns to show | the necessity of a national bank. Recent events are separating society into two schools; those who demand government regulations through a United States Bank, based upon the ruins of State coruptions, and those who seek to make specie the chief basis of 'commercial operations.— Exchange. Let the Democrats go to the people with the specie basis, and their success will be as certain as that the people prefer truth to error, or gold to dross. Pleasant M. Coleman, convicted of the mur der of Mrs. Bagby, at the last term ofthe Logan Circuit Court, was hung on Friday afternoon last, at Rtissellvilie, Ky. IMPORTANT LAW— The following bill was passed at the recent extra session of the L>cri s | a _ ture, and became a taw on the I 3th instant: Jin Ad for the better security of Laborers, Me chanics, rind others, in cerfnin Companies. SECTION 1. Be it enacted bv the Senate and House of Representatives of the Commonwealth ot Pennsylvania in General Assemblv met, and it is hereby enacted by the authority "of the same That for the purpose of providing additional se curity for the payment of laborers, operatives, mechanics, and other bona fide creditors for ser vices rendered or to be rendered,supplies and ma terials to be furnished, for any coal, iron, canal navigation, railroad, or turnpike company in corporated in whole or in part by the laws of tins Commonwealth, that it shall be lawful and competent lor any such company to execute a lien or limits, or instrument of wning sufficient theieto, with inventory attached and attested by the common seal ot said company, if said com pany have such common seal and if said com pany have no common seal, then the said instru ment of writing to be signed by tr.e President Board of Directors or Managers, and attested bv the Secretary, to a trustee or trustees, upon anv or all sucli wagons, teams, horses, mule*-cars, carts, boats, equipments, engines, tools, and machinery used in conducting the business of any such company, to be held by said trustee or trustees for the sole purpose or purposes afore said, until aaid debts herein contemplated are fully discharged, bv the sale thereof, or other wise. Provided, That the said instrument or instruments of writing be recorded in the otfice for recording deeds, in the respective counties wherein said companies transact business, with in thirty days from the execution thereof. Povided further, That this act shall continue in force until the first day of February, 1859, and no longer, unless extended by subsequent leg islation. THE SCARCITY OF SFECIE. —In the United States we produce a yearly supply of gold to the value of sixty millions of dollars. It is computed that the amount of the precious me tals in the country is equivalent to two hundred and seventy millions of dollars. Vet, strange to say, we are in want of coin for the ordinary operations oftiade: and all tile banks have sus pended the payment of I heir debts on the pre tence of an inadequate supply of specie. Apparently this is a very singular state of affairs, but in point of fact the mystery is sus ceptible of an easy explanation. In virtue of an incontestible principle of political economy, a sound currency is always driven out of circu lation by a depreciated currency. The multi plication of Banks and the infinite use of their circulation during the last frfw years, in a great measure superseded the necessity of any other currency; and of course the precious metals were exqtorted to points where they were in greater demand. Hence the comparative scar city of specie in the United States. In illus tration ot this theory, we m3y mention the fact that, when in the commencement of the present financial troubles, a demand for sppcie exhibited itself in New York, instantly the current turn ed, and gold and silver began to pour into the country from Europe. And this would have continued to be the case, but for the action of the Banks. As they crea ted the scarcity of coin in the first instance by the undue expansion of their currency, so again they arrested the importation of the precious metals by the suspension of specie payment, which still farther depreciates tfmir notes and discourages the demand for gold and silver. The tide has turned again, and the precious metals are now being exported to Europe. The last steamer, the Fulton, carried away $51,000 in specie. It is evident that under the present system of suspension, matters will only grow worse.— Richmond South. THE CONSTITUTION OF OREGON. The constitution likely, according to the last accounts, to be adopted by the Oregon conven tion contains some remarkable provisions. It does away (says the Journal of Commeice) with grand juries as unnecessary—the preliminary examination before a magistrate previous to com mittal being deemed sufficient. It provides that there shall be no lieutenant governor; that the secretary of State snail exercise the func tions of'governor pro tern, in case of the dealh of that functionary: and that the governor shall also be treasurer ot the Slate. The number of members of the State senate is limited to fifteen and thatol the assembly to thirty, with biennial sessions. The pallet is abolished at elections, and viva voce voting substituted Judges are declared iueligiple for any office not judicial during the period for which they are elected, and fur one year alter ; municipalities are abso lutely prohibited from contracting depts ; and bank charters of every desciiption are forbidden. With regard to the questiou of slavery, it is be lieved that two clauses—one legalizing and the other prohibiting slavery—will be aiij ended to the draught of the constitution, to be adopted or rejected by a subsequent vote of the people.— ' Washington Union. J FILLIRUSTKRISM To HE STOPFED. —Oideishave j been given, the Washington correspondent ot | the Baltimore Sun sav*, for fitting out with i despatch the swiftest war steamer of the navy, : for the purpose of intercepting or preventing the | new expedition of General Walker for Central ; America. These orders, probably result from the report that Gens. Walker and Henningsen had a ranged an expedition which was to depart either from New Orleans or some other southern port. The Government, it is believed, acted on information received in response to the circular issued from the Department of State about a month ago, addressed to the United Slates Dis trict Attorneys, Marshals, Nc., requiring them to exercise due vigilance for the detection and. prevention of any expeditions for Costa liica, Nicaragua, fee., Hy What ;s to be the " issue?" The Wash | ington correspondent ol the New York com j nierciai Ad vert iser says: •' A party is rising in favor of a national bank , of some sort, of a protective tariff', and ot a ' bankrupt law. So the state of things that exis ted twenty years ago is coining round tons again. The Kansas issue is gone by; and tins fact fa voi s tfie rise of other issues of a general and practical nature." —Messrs. Harper ik Brothers announce that recent events will not interfere with the reg ular publication of Harper's Weekly and Har per's New Monthly Magazine, which were never so prosperous as they are now. —The ferry-boat Newport Bell, destroyed by tire on Saturday morning opposite Cincinna ti, was valued at $ 13,00(1, on which there waa S3OO insurance. —A German democratic paper has just been started in Boston. There is one other German paper in that city ; it is Republican in