Newspaper of Bedford Gazette, July 13, 1860, Page 2

Newspaper of Bedford Gazette dated July 13, 1860 Page 2
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BEDFORD GAZETTE.; -lifcsmmiN m ~ FRIDAY, jr'f V tit, B. F. Meyers, Editor and Proprietor. FO^PUESIDENV, Ho\. STEPHEN i. BOIGLTS, OF ILLINOIS. FOR VICE-PRESIDENT, HON. BERSCHEL V. JOHNSON. OF GEORGIA. FOR GOVERNOR. : F GEN. HENRY D. FOSTER, Or WESTMORELAND COUNTY. FOR CONGRESS, HON. WILLIAM P. SCHELL, (Subject to the decision of the District Conference.) DEMOCRATIC COUNTY TICKET. PROTHONOTARY, MAJ. SAMUEL H. TATS. BEDFORD BOROC3II. IIIZRIFF, JOHN J. CESSNA. BEDFORD BOR. COMMISSIONER, RICHARD M'MULLIN. NAPIER. POOR DIRECTOR, JOHN S. BRUMBAUGH, S. WOODBERRY. AUDITOR, GEORGE BAUGHMAN, W. PROVIDENCE, CORONER, JACOB WALTER, ST. CLAIR. J ■. -1. - I Li- . L_l. ..—II- 11.1-.11. Why wc support liougln*. We are for Douglas and Johnson for the fol lowing good and ail sufficient reasons : 1. They are the regular nominees of the only regular Convention of the National De mocracy, having been nominated in strict accor dance with the usages of the party, not by a mere majority of the Convention, not by a ba-e two-thirds of al! the votes given (eithr of which would have sufficed in the time of Jackson, Van Buren and Poik)buf by a unanimous vote of more than two-thirds of the whole Conven tion. 2. Because Douglas and Johnson stand up- - . IN ui ine i\ational Democratic party ; —the platform en which Jefferson and Jackson stood; on which Polk, Pierce and Buchanan were elected ; the plat form which embodies that sacred compromise between the North and the South, instituted by Webster, Ciay and Calhoun, and ratified by the people of the whole Union, In two successive elections, the.principle of u A"on-interference by Congress with slavery in Slate or Terri tory." 3. Because Douglas and Johnson are emi nent statesmen, national and conservative in their views, opposed to sectionalism of every eort,and admirably fitted by great natural pow ers and long experience in public affairs, for the offices for which they have been nomina ted. 4>. Because Douglas and Johnson are the 'candidates that st ill insure the defeat of Lin coln and Hamlin, the nominees of the fanaticr! and sectional Black Republican party, a reason which should certainly operate most powerfully with every true and earnest Democrat. For these and other equally forcible reasons, we have unfurled the banner of Douglas and Johnson, and every Democrat who believes in by the regular organization of the party, will generously throw aside all his former prejudi ces nod dislikes, (as we have done) and come w.th us under the flag of the gallant janri un daunted leader, who already vanquished in uiaty a hard fought battle, the very foe that now assai's us. A COUNTY FUR. A plentiful hariest is just being garnered in ; orchaids bend beneath loads of ripening fruit; cuttle, fat and sleek, walk in luxuriant pastures ; and every sight and sound, in the country, bs token a season of plenty. Why is it, then, that, we hear nothing said among our people of a County Fair ? Have we lost all desire for im-1 provemenf t Are we afraid to compare note? ■ with cur neighbors! Are we too sluggish to I keep pace with other counties fa 1 * less benignly favored in point of climate and of soil ? We hope and believe that such is nut the case, and, therefore, look forward to a general preparation j on the pan of our farmers, for the holding of a ' Fair during the coming Fall. Let every on- j who can raise any article, animal,or product for ; einhibition, interest himself in this matter, and I he w ill do good to himself as well as ki bis ! neighbor. • *• -Gen. BOWMAN hassoldthe Constitution newspaper to Mr. W. M. Rrowne, formerly i associate editor of the paper. The Constitu tion is a neatly printed paper, advocating the : cause (?) of the Secessionists. ! BEDFORD BOROICII ERECT! ; Tin; WATCii-FIRES BI RM.NC BRIGHTLY. Am enthusiastic meeting ot the DOLGLAS jSt FOSTER CLUB, was heid in Court! House, on last Saturday evening. The Club wr< called to order by HON. JOB MANN, P.cstuent. The Committee appointed at the !a t meeting to repoit a Constitution and per manent officer-- reported through its Chairman. ■ The report ol the Committee, was unanimously , adopt, d. The following persons were selected as permanent otticeri of the Ohib : I ' r, . President, HON. JOB MANN; Vice-Presidents, Samu'l Davis, William Chenoweth, : George Reimund, VVilliarn Shaler, Hiram Lentz, J. T. Gephait, Joh M. Shoemaker, M. E. Birteges, Jacob Sender, David Eisrode, i Daniel Border. Secetaries, John Palmer, T. R. Gettya. Treasurer, G. H. Spang. Executive Committee, 0. H. Gaitber, Jos. W. Tate, A. J. Statler, Daniel Heltzeil, jr., Thomaa H. Lyons, A. J. Sansom, A. YY. Mower. Speeches were delivered by John Palmer, Esq., O. H. Gaither, Esq., Hon. John Cessna, ) Col. J. TV. Tate, and Hon. J. F. Loy, of Wis consin, after which a large number signed the , Constitution. The club tben adjourned to meet I at the call of the President. Local and Miscellaneous. ... .THE FOURTH IN SCHBLLSBCRG.—Inde ; peudence day was celebrated at Schellsburg, by | the military and citizens. The "Black Plumed Riflemen, 1 ' Copt. Mulliti, and the "Bedford Ri ! Semen,'* Capt. Lyons, paraded the streets, ma king quite a fine appearance. A sumptuous and elegant dinner was served up at the hotel !ol Mr. John A. Snivel v. The Declaration of Independence was read by O. H. Gaither, E*q., and eloquent and appropriate ad.dresses were delivered by A. J. Stabler, F,.-q., and Maj. S. H. Tate. . . . We announce with pleasure, the arrival of our friend, MR. VALLADE, the distinguished artist in Photographic Painting, who was with us last summer. Mr. Vallade, in conjunction with Mr. T. K. Getty?, of this place, has put up a fine Gallery at the Springs, where Photo graphs, plain, or colored in the most fashionable style, can be had on liberal terms. It is need less for us to say anything in commendation of the skill of Messrs. Vallade and Gettys, as the former, as an artist in painting, and the latter as a Photographer, have acquired a reputation I that is a sufficient guarantee for future suc ; cess. I ... .The Somerset papers publish the Cori ; fession of Henry Piilts, recently executed at ; that place for the murder of Eli W timer. Pritts j confesses that he shot Weimer ;n the back when : thev were out hunting together, and says that i . • I j -.J.J. rrcnner wno | had acquired a strange influence over him.— Mrs. VVeimer was the principal witness produ i ced against Fritts at his trial. . .. .The farming cornmuoity are now in the \ midst of harvest. The crops hereabouts are j heavier than they have been for many years.— | A bounteous Providence has poured with lav ' ish hand its precious gifts upon the lap of moth er Earth. How thankful should we be that af ter years of barrenness, trie fields are once more : smiling in plenty ! ....Richard Madden, residing near Fort 1 Littleton, Fulton county, killed his wife a few i days ago, by knocking out her brains with a i board. The wretched man, immediately after having done the horrible deed, committed sui | cide by hanging himself. I ....It is with feelings of profound regret, i that we are called upon to announce the death of MR. SAMUEL CARN, of this place, which oc curred a? his residence, on Tuesday night last. Mr. Carn was formerly Sheriff of this county, and held other honorable and responsible posi tion?. He was a man of upright character steady business habits, a good citizen ami much esteemed and beloved. Peace be with him ! ... .Our good friend, the editor of the Phila delphia jjrgus, to our utter amazement, nas fal len into the practice so popular at present with the disorganizing Breckinridge papers, to copy articles fiom Black Republican and Abolition newspapers to show that Breckinridge is strong and Douglas weak. The *lrgus of a tew days since, transferred toils pages a half column ed itorial from the N T . Y. Tribune, to prove that Breckinridge was the man for thp Democracy. The Jrgvs must have ninety-nine and nine | ninths of its hundred eyes entirely shut up, if it 1 does not see that such a course, to say the ieas! of if, Jooksa little suspicious. . ..."Honett Oid Abe !"—Our devil has j tried his hand at an epigram, which he submits! for the benefit of the Black Republicans : Hurrah for "Honest Abe quoth Joe: Why eaii him honest, now ? says Jack. Why,certes, that the world may know Abe from the rest of Helper's pack ! j ... Whooping-cough, of a violent character, ! is at piesent prevailing among the youngsters of j our town. It is said that females do not suffer as much from it as males. "Cause why ?" They are better used to Looping ... .Every Democrat should read the able article, from the pen cf HON. JOHN CESSNA, published sr. this issue, giving an account of the Cbarleston* Eaitimore Convention. It well repays perusal. ... .An examination of a portion of the Classes in the Bedford Classical Institute, will be held at the Lutheran Chinch, on Thursday, 19th July, 1830. The Public ere resptetlully invited to be present- FOR TilE BEDFORD GAZETTE. t TO TIIK DEMOCRATIC PARTY OF BEDFORD COUNTY. ft is, no doubt, already known to you that the late National Convention at Charleston aud Baltimore, nominated Stephen A. Douglas, of j Illinois, for President, and H. V. Johnson, oil Georgia, for Vice President. It is also, known that % portion of the Convention seceded and j nominated John ('. Breckinridge, of Kentucky,: for President and Joseph Lane, of Oregon, lor j Vice President. Having been present at both j sessions of the Convention, and a spectator of | all that transpired, I propose to give a tew ol the reasons why I regard the nomination ol Douglas and Johnson as the regular nomination | of the party, entitled to its universal support, i anr that of Breckinridge and Lane as irregular! and disorganizing, meriting no lavor at the hands j of anv Democrat, but, on the contrary, as justly deserving the hearty condemnation of the whole | party. Under the regular call of the National Com- j mittee, acknowledged by every Democrat in | tile United States, and in conformity with the • universal custom of the parly, trie Convention j assembled at Charleston, on the 23d ot April, , 1860. Alter a preliminary organization, made j without objection Irom any quarter, it was: found that there was one contested seat f:om j the State of Massachusetts, one from Maryland, j eleven from lilmois and thirty five from New ; York. These cases were referred to a Com-j mittee of thirty three members, being one from ; each state. Alter a careful and patient investigation by the Committee, a report was made to the Con vention. This was unanimous in every case, except that of New York. Six members of the Committee made a minority report recommen ding the admission of one half of each delega tion from that State. The report of the 2om mittee#vas adopted by the convention alter a full discussion. The vote in every case, ex cept New York, was unanimous. That part of the report relating to the New York Delega tion, was adopted bv a vote of 210J to 55. This completed the organization of the Con vention. The Rules of the House ol Represen tatives ot the United States were adopted for the government of the Convention. This was done by the entire vote of the Convention. The rule requiring two thirds ot the votes gi wen, to make a nomination, was also unanimously a uopted, as was a rule requiring a two third vote of the Convention to alter or amend the Rules of the Convention. Every Congressional Dis trict in the United testes an 1 everv state at large, was now fully represented. There was not a single vacancy. The Convention consis ted of 303 members, and continued in session tor several days, every member participating in the proceedings. Two principles of Legislative, or Parliamen tary law, may be here stated, as they have im portant beatings upon the regularity" of the nomination now being considered. First; Every Legislative Body shall judge cf the qualifications of its own members. Second : A majority shall coast if ate a Quo rum for the transaction of business. It is confidently asierted that both of these propositions ate clearly established by the com mon law on the subject, in al! civilized coun tries, unless some statute should provide other wise. But in this case we are not only lett to the common Jaw, but have also the statute. The Convention, us we have seen, adopted the Rules ol the House ol Representatives. By these both of the propositions above stated, are clearly maintained. Indeed, it could not be otherwise, as the Constitution ol the United Sit Sit PA tKn •*- I•>" ;'i St'C" tion of the first Article thereof. With the first of these propositions every member of tfit Convention was fully satisfied, because every one acqui-scet l in the decision of the Convention and remained to participate in the further proceedings thereof. The second proposition embraces two parts; to wit, that a majority shall constitute a Quorum and that less than a majority shall net constitute such Quorum. Here it will be well to remember that every member otthe w hole Convention, including the subsequent Seceders, or Bolters, voted for the adoption of these rul-s. i he Convention conTnued in session with its 3 )3 members, until the seventh and ngth days. At this time, some of the delegates oecame dis satisfied with the Platform adopted by the Con vention, and for this reason and lor this alone, fifty one members withdrew from the Conven tion, separated finally and entirely from it, met in another part of the city and attempted to organize another Convention in opposition to the one they had left. This they adjourned to Richmond. Most, if not ail of you, have always held that every gentleman who agrees to enter a Convention, is in honor bound to abide bv its decisions and support its nominees. These gen tlemen, however, seemed to have adopted a different course. As already stated, the ground and the only ground, of this secession was the Platform a dopted by the Convention. You will,doubtless, feel anxious to know the character cf the Platform which could thus drive off" one-sixth of the members of the Convention. 1 think you will credit me when I assure von that it was the identical creed of the party in 1844—1818 the compromise measures of 1850-the Platform of Pierce, in 1852, the Kansas Nebraska Act ol 1854, and the Cincinnati Platform, of 1856. Ihe Convention re-atfirmed the Cincinnati Platform, upon which James Buchanan was elected, and noon which the great battle of 1856 was fjught and won ; and this was deem ed sufficient to justify 51 members in bolting. The Convention (252 members remaining) continued in session and proceeded to ballot for a candidate. Fifty-seven votes were taken. On several of these, Judge Douglas received a majority of the whole electoral ollege— the vote standing 152J for Douglas, to 99i for all others. Before proceeding to a ballot, a proposition was offered on behail ol some ol the Southern S'ates remaining in the Convention, to the effect that the President of the Convention should not declare any person nominated un til such person should have received a two thirds vote of the whole Convention when full. This was adopted by a vote of 141 to 112. It was not offered as a rule, or as a change of the rules, but simply as a resolution o! construction and direction to the Chair. On the tenth day of the Convention, at Charleston, having failed to make a nomination aud the 51 seats being vacant, the Convention adjourned to meet at Baltimore, on the 1 Sth of June, having first passed a resolution requesting the Democratic party ol the several S'ates to supply vacancies in their respective delegations. On the 18th of June, the Convention re assembled, at Baltimore. No delegates appear- Ed from South Carolina and Florida. One; delegation appeared from Mississippi—these were the Seceders at Charleston, but having; been re-elected by a State Convention, they were admitted. One delegation (the Seceders) appeared from Texas. This was not elected bv the people, or by any Convention, but was ac credited by the State Central Committee.— Owing to the position ol Texas—her large size and great distance Irom the Convention, and difficulty of calling a Convention, this delega tion was also admitted. There was one contested seat from Massachu seltsone from Missouri, cnefroin Delaware, three from Arkansas, six from Louisiana, nine from Alabama ar.d ten from Georgia. These were releired to the Committee on Credentials, then consisting of twenty-five members. This Commiltee, alter a session of several days, reported by an average vote of about fit teen to ten, in lavor of the admission of the Seceders from Delaware, two Seceders and one new delegate from Arkansas, the new dele gates from Alabama and L >usiano,and one-hall of each from Georgia. The report of the Committee was adopted in every case, except that of Georgia, in which all of the Seceders were admitted. By this action of the Conven tion, seventeen votes were admitted to the Convention contrary to the views of the Sece ders. Although this could in no way effect the result of the nomination, even it wrong, and although every member ol the Convention had jvoted for and acknowledged the rule which declared that the Convention should judge ol the qualifications of its own members, yet this was considered sufficient ground for a further secession of" 50 members. The Convention proceeded to make its I nominations, passed an additional resolution on l the subject of the platform, appointed a nation i al committee and adjourned. Of the seventeen j votes before mentioned, sixteen were in lieu jot Seceders from Louisiana Alabama and Arkan ,sas—one half vote from Massachusetts and •j Missouri each beiug contested on other grounds j —sl and 50, or 101 deducted from 3J3, lelt jin the Convention 2U2 members to which '■ were added the lb new delegates making 218 | members. On the Cr-t and second ballots at Baltimore, j s-wersl of tlie delegates declined to vote—on 1 the second ballot Judge Doug-'as received lMi • votes to 15 tor ail other candidates and the remainder biank. After the first vote Guv. ; Church, of New York, offered a resolution de | claring him nominated and by implication re ! scinding the resolution of interpretation and j instiuction to the Chair adopted at Charleston. Objection being made Gov. Church withdrew his motion. Alter the second ballot it was renew ed by Mr. Clap* ol Missouri and a delegate from Virginia. JlVasthtn distinctly put by the ! President (bo Ift the affirmative and tiie negative) j and adopted by acclamation and without a j dissenting voice in the Convention. As we have already seen, the Seceders at j Charleston, adjourned to meet at Richmond, jon the 11th of June. At that time and place, they met and adjourned until the 21st of the same month. At Baltimore the 50 Seceders were joined by 40 of the Secedets from Charleston (South Carolina with 8 members and Fiotida vvitb 3 retraining a! Richmond) met in another part cf toe city, organized an opposition, or hostile Convention, gathered up some fifteen addition al delegates from some quarter, or other, and with 105, delegates ol all desc:iptions nomina ted Breckinridge and Lane. At least 90 of those delegates were in the Charleston Con vention and aided in the adoption of the rules of that hjdy, one of which required a majority, or 152 members to constitute a quorum for the transaction ot any business. I have already stated that the admission of 17 votes contrary to the wishes of the seceders did not afF-et the result. On tfiesecond ballot, Judge Douglas had 181 i votes. All others 15 ; ha'ance declining to vote. Deduct the 17 votes from ISI4 and you have 164T, and add them to 15 you have 32 votes for all others.— There still heingjmore than a quorum present and v jting and Judge D. having received more than i (wo thirds oi the votes given, he is clearly | entitled to the support of every Democrat who j acknowledges the binding force ol nominating j conventions. To say that he is not and that | Breckinridge is the regular nominee of the par- I ty seems to tne to be an insult to the understan- I Jing of every impartial voter. I have full con fidence in the wisdom and patriotism o| the ! masses of the Democratic party of the country, ; and hope that upon sober reflection the people | everywhere vviil as heretofore rally to the sup- J port o< regular nominations, and preserve the in- I tegrity of the party. In the present aspect of j affkirs, it becomes important to determine cor | rectly who is responsible for the present situa tion of the party. I assert that the Seceders and th°ir allies and abettors, alone are responsi ble. 1 here are but two reasons civen by them selves for the secession. The platform at Charleston and the admission of the 17 dele gates at Baltimore. These I propose to consid er very briefly. Before Ido this, however, I venture to assert that there are at least three causes which have led to this result ;—First, the failure of the Convention to adopt "Inter vention" instead of "Non-intervention" by Con gress with the question of slavery ir. the territo ries. Second, the desire among the fuends of the Seceders, if not among themselves, to bring about a dissolution of the Union itself. Third, the personal hostility of some of these gentle men and others high in authority, towards Judge Douglas. These propositions shall also be brief ly considered. The first secession of 51 mem bers to •!< place at Charleston on the adoption cf the Platform, this we have alieady seen was a simple re-afiirmation of the Cincinnati platform of 1856. Thb bolters desired the con vention to declare in favor oi Congressional In tervention in favor of slavery in the Territories, j The same doctrine was demanded bv Mr. Yan cey of Alabama, from the Baltimore Convention iti 1848. He there obtained 3d votes for it to 216 against it. He demanded it in 1852 and failed to obtain it. I learn that Mr. Y'ancey who headed the Secessionat Charleston, declared before the Committee on Credentials that he had op|>osed General Cass in 1843 and General Pierce in 1852, because he failed to obtain a recognition of his doctrine by the nominating Conventions. Time will not permit a further examination of this reason for the secession. It was upon a question ol doctrine—one of the cardinal principles ol the party. The Conven tion stood upon the same ground occupied in former times, adhering to the Cincinnati plat form. The Seceders demanded a change and because it was refused, withdrew. The Repub licans of the North declare that it is the right and duty of Congress, to intervene against sla very in the Territories—the Seceders declare that it is the right and duty of Congress to n tervene in lavor o{ Slavery it! the Territories. The Convention regarded both propositions as eironeous in principle, and adhered to the old doctrine of the party that it belonged to tiie people to regulate ttieir domestic affairs in their own way, subject only to the Censttulion of the United Slates. True, there was, to some ex tent, a difference of opinion as to the time when the right to legislate on the sudject of slavery commenced. But the Convention, by an al most unanimous vote, disposed of this subject, by a resolution declaring it the duty of all good citizens to abide by the decisions of the Supreme Court upon this question. The right to hold slave propertv in the Ter ritories, even against an enactment of the Ter ritorial legislature, involving as it does, a case at law, or in equily, as well as the constitution ality ot the supposed law, is committed by the Constitution directly to the judiciary. Should tile decoior. of that tribunal be in tavor of the right to hold the slave, all the powers of the Federal government are pledged tojenlorce the judgment. This is substantially the doctrine of '.he platform, unanimously adopted at Heading, in March, 1860. The second and only remaining reason given by themselves, to justify their secession, was the action of the Convention on the contested seats. Here it will be well to observe that had not tne first secession taken place, no such reason as the second would ever have ex isted. II then the judgment of the country should be that the auoptiori of the Cincinnati platform was rio good cause of complaint, the entire responsibility for the present state ot affairs rests with the Seceders. Had they re mained in the Convention at Charleston, there would have been no contested seats at Bsln more. j We have already seen that a majority,or 152 delegates, constituted a Quoiuin, and that the ! Convention was to judge ol the qualifications of I its own members. From such a decision there ; could be no appeal. In nur State, the Lnver House of the Legislature, con-isls of 100 mem- I beis, 51 being a quorum ; the Senate consists ol i 33 members, 17 being a quorum. Suppose ten i seats in the House and five in the Senate are j contested. They are, however, settled—even j erroneously if vou please. Some law receive* 26 votes in the Lower H :ose ith 25 against it, j and 9 votes m 'tie Senate with 8 against it, be ing signed bv the Governor, even though 5 of the 9 votes in the Senate and 10 of the 26 i i [tie i louse were members whose seats were con j tested, it becomes as hi iding upon all the citi- Z'-ns of the Commonwealth as though it had r I ceived one hundred votes in the House and 33 i in tise S-.nate, and no seat in either branch had I ever been contested. As well might the crimi ; nal on his way to the gallows, or to the prison, I call up ia the people to assemble in town meet ing far his rescue, because the laws which tried and condemned hirn, were not regularly passed ■ according to his notions of justice, as for these | gentlemen to say that these nominations were not regular. But there is no just ground for complaint. In Massachusetts Mr. Haliett was elected a delegate, Mr. Chaffee was elected alterns'e, Mr. H. cou.d not go ;o Charleston. H. notfi-d Mr. Chaffee of his inability to attend and as 1 learn he (Mr. H.) removed with his family, from the District. The seat was contested at Charleston and decided unanimously in favor of Air. Chalfee. At Baltimore Mr. H. appear ed and claimed his seat. He was rejected. In Arkansas neither Convention was regular nor in accordance with the usages of the party. 8 <th were admitted—the seceders with power to cast two votes—the new del-gates to cast one. The Missouri case was similar to that from Massachusetts. In Louisiaana two Conventions were called. The one a Convention of the people—the other tiie old Convention whose time had expired and who had no more power to send delegates than any other similar number of individuals accidentally calied together. I he r.evv delegates were admitted—the old ones were liable to the c j-ction already stated and also to the same objec ions hereafter given in the Alabama case. The old Delegates from Georgia were liable to the same objection. Yet, the Convention refused to .admit the new deie- gates and actually admitted the old Delegates, because a part of the Delegates to the Georgia Convention, by whom the new Delegation was chosen, at first met in Convention with those who had seceded at Charleston. It was because a portion of these had seceded or bolted, that their representatives were rejected. In the State ot Alabama, the Delegation ad mitted to seats, were chosen bv a State Con vention called together by the people, "lor the purpose of appointing Delegates to the Nation al Democratic Conventi an at Baltimore, to nominate candidates who may be able to save the Government from the hands of those who will not regard our constitutional rights, and be the means of securing the perpetuity of the Constitution find the Union A The Seceders from this State, were rejected. I hey were elected to the Richmond Conven tion—a body hostile to the Democratic party and proposing to nominate their own candidates. The meetings by winch the delegates to the State Convention which elected the Seceders. were chosen and the speeches made at those meetings, were almost entirely of a character hostile to the Democratic party. Oiie of their orators (and a Delegate) said of the Baltimore Convention, that "ine man who would repre sent Alabama in that Convention shou'd be branded with the brand of Cain. Though not a murderer of his kin, he would be a murderer of principle and of the constitutional rights of his section, that he woui 1 be more than the assas sin who but takes the life of a fellow man." Others declared "thai to entertain the prop osition to send delegates to Baltimore, would be at once to step with a coward's tread from the highest pinnacle of honor to the lowest depths of degradation and abasement." Such was the tenor of ail their meetings and speeches. Their Delegates showed credential to Richmond and utterly refused to be bound by the action of our Convention. Under these circumstances, the Convention deprned it wise to learn whether the great horse contained sol diers who were allies, or enemies, before it should be safely stabled within the gates of Troy.— r have before slated that the admis sion of the 17 delegates already named, did not affect t.ie genera! result. I have shown that on the vote given. I now desire to show the same thing in case no secession had taken place. 101 delegates seceded. Ol these South Caroli na and Florida remained at Richmond. This left 90. From this number deduct 16 Seceders whose places were supplied bv new delegates, and we still have 7*. who, by "the action of the Baltimore Convent.on, had at any moment a right to resume their seats. There remained in the Convention 2i from Maine, 2i from Con necticut, H irom N. Jersey, 17 from Pennsyl vania, 3i from Missouri, 2 from Delaware and 7 from Kentucky, in all 3V, wtin declined u. vol# for Judge Douglas. These added to the 74 were more than jutDcen: to prevent hi* , nomination. i It is wei] known that some persons in ths South have for u long time desired a dissolution o! the Union. I believe some, if not all ot the South Carolina Delegation to Richmond, avow j that desire. This Convention at Richmond al so nominated Breckinridge and Lane. Same de clare that the elect ion of a Republican Presj | der.t will be sufficient ground for a dissolution. | Those who really desire a dissolution, could J scarcely devise a surer method to accomplish t . than by the dissolution of the Democratic par ty, thereby promoting the election of Mr. Lin ! coin. Is not the fact thai such sentiments are | avowed, a sufficient reason for all true Dem ! ocrats to shun the nomination of Breckinridge i and Lane, as they would shun the enemies of ' their couptry 7 Hostility to Mr. Douglas has bad much to do ' with effecting the secession. That this hostility ! is unwise and unfounded in reason, publicjudg -1 merit and future b'story will surely determine. That he is able, patriotic and capable few if any ; will deny. That this hostility exists, a very ! few examples will cleariv Drove. In Massa chusetts, three gentlemen were elected to Charleston as the open and avowed friends ct Judge Douglas. All three of them were found among the Seceders at Baltimore. Two of them were appointed to high positions and lucrative offices after their election as deiegate9 and be ! fore the meeting of the Convention. The (bird ; has been similarly rewarded since theadjouro- J ment of the Convention. Almost all the officers ; ot the General Government and all the papers I under their control, are now bitter against 1 Douglas and warm for Breckinridge. All the rules, usages and customs bv which ! they went into power are now disregarded and ; heiJ inferior to the persona! hatred and subser viency of at least some ot the minions ot power. It is no use to multiply examples on this point. The two causes of Secession given by those I who withdrew and the reasons to which their conduct has been attributed, have been hastily i considered. | There are two other causes ot complaint, l not yet mentioned—these are not given in justification of secession, but as reasons ot < dissatisfaction. One of these was the course of the Convention in regard to the motion, or resolution of construction of the two thirds .tile. Tais was, or was not, a rule of the Con j vention. It a rule, jt never was adopted be cause that (then) required a two third vote and this only received 141 to 112. If it was | not a rule, then it was a mere resolution, sub ject in ihe will of the majority at any time.— It was clearly rescinded, or repealed, bv the motion made by Gov. Church and renewed bv Mr. Clark. Even it it had been a rule, It was repealed, because the motion was adopted unanimously. The motion was adopted efte; , the secession at Charleston, never received a j a majority of a tuli Convention, and wa9 re pealed by the entire vr.v of the Convention, 218 delega'es being present. - 1 I Another objection urged jn suae quarters, was the unit rile of tin* Convention. This was simply reducing the common law ol the party on the subject ot voting to a stat ute. The rule provided that minorities might vote, except in cases when the State Conven tion bed directed the vote to be cast as an unit. Such had been almost the universal custom oi former Conventions. The records of Conventions will show minority votes from many of the States of the Union. Under the old rules and practice, it seldom, if ever, happened that the majority ol an uninsiructetf dele-ration attempted to stifle the will o! the minority. Hut fiom the fact that such high— handed efforts were being made bv some of the delegations to this Convention*, the rule was adopted. It was fully considered ami dis cussed in committee, and passed by a vote of 25 to 2. In the Convention it was again fuilv discussed and adopted by a vote ol 197 to 103 i. Indeed, the chief, if not the only argument against it, was that it w as unnecessa ry, as the right to cast such votes already ex isted. This rule received the votes of Ken tucky, Tennessee, hail ot Delaware, nearly ail of .Missouri and Arkansus, part of North Caroli na and several other delegates who afterwards seceded. But 3side from this, it was right irv itself. It provided that in cases of instruction so to do, Delegations should vote as a unit. In other cases, delegates should be allowed to vote for themselves. The tii st part ol the Rule can not he objec ted to. When a gentleman accepts the trust under instructions, he does not represent him self, but his State. He has no individual views and if he had, ha is in honor bound to suppress them. Any other course of action by the individual,or by the Convention, would conflict with Slate rights and State sovereignty. This method made N\ York, Ohio arid Indiana unanimous lor Douglas, and Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi and Louisiana unanimous* against him. On the other hand, in all cases where the State Conventions had neglected or refused to instruct, the delegates were allowed to vote as they saw lit. Any other course would again have been an interfeference with State Sovereignty, in electing their delegations, and an act ol tyrranny by the majority towards the minority, iiiis method gave Judge Douglas, a few votes in Pennsylvania, one in Sarin ( arolina, one in Tennessee and one in Virginia. It lost iiim ain Maine, in Connecticut and 1 b m Minnesota. Maryland, Missouri and Massachusetts, being equally divided, were not affected by the Rule. All these, however, appear to me to be objec tions hunted up, on purpose, by men determined in advance to be dissatisfied, and going abroadVsa search of reasons to justify or bolster up 3g f ar as j/ossible their course of action. Half the effort to find reasons in favor of the action of the national convention of their party, and in support of its nominees, would lead to a verv different result. * Not only have we the regular nomination of the National Convention to urge us to the sup port o Douglas &. Johnson, but we have also the action of our own delegation. Mr. Douglas received Id votes on both ballots at Baltimore (roin our Delegation. This required twentr members of our Delegation, while it contained in ail 54. In addition to these 2d delegate?, the nomination was ratified by several othersof the delegation—Messrs Dawson, Hughes, Jones, McGee, 81001, Brodhead, CJymer, Van Sact, Gloninger aud others. IV e have then all the binding force of a reg ular nomination and we have the usages of the party urging us to the support of our nominees. We have candidates in every way worthy of our support. We have the union and hamo ny of the Democratic party c.l the country fc> preswve. L*l no pe'aonal preferences, or

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