Newspaper of Bedford Gazette, December 7, 1860, Page 1

Newspaper of Bedford Gazette dated December 7, 1860 Page 1
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VOLUME 57. NEW SERIES. RYIHE BEDFORD GAZETTE IS PUBLISHED EVERY FRIDAY MORNING BY 15. F. MIiYERS, 4Lt the following terms, to wit: $1 .50 per annum, CASH, in advance.. $2.00 " " if paid within the year. $2.50 " " if not paid within the year. o subscription taken jor less than six months. C3*"No paper discontinued until all arrearage!* are paid, unless at the option of the publisher, it hae peen decided by the United States Courts that ths stoppage of a newspaper without tne payment of ar rearages, is prima facte evidence ot fraud and is a criminal offence. p-~y-The courts have decided Ibat persons are ac countable for the subscription price of newspapers, if the) take them from the post office,whether 'hey subscribe for them, or not. "~INTKUESTIXU CO U RESPON DE XCK." The following correspondence, published in the Richmond Enquirer , recently took place between J. S. Brisbtn, Editor of the Centre Oemocrat, /lie home organ of A. J. Curl in, Governor elect, and John Letcher, Governor of Virginia. Comment is unnecessary, as the patriotic and high-toned letter of Gov. Letcher places Nlr. Brisbin's medelsome and fanatical conduct iu the proper light. I?AIS>BIN TO LETCHER. CENTRE DEMOCRAT OFFICE, \ BELLEFONTE, CENTRE CO., PENN'A. > November loth, 1860. J Covrnor John Letcher, of Virginia • ECAR SJR : The present position ot South CH-O' .id, and the sympathy manifested for her r■- ..any of the Southern States, is to some a matter of amusement —to others a matter of .he disunion sentiment, which has been owing gradually in this country since the nullification of 1833, has at length assumed nuge proportions, and iu my opinion, this spirit of rebellion should now be crushed, and effectually crushed, ll we are to have dis union, let it come now ; we will never be bet ter able to grapple with the monster than at the present hour. The rapid growth of ideas and sentiments in this country renders delays dangerous to the stability of our Government and the welfare of our people. If we wish to crush au obnoxious doctrine, we must do it at once, or it will grow to be formidable, and utterly distract the peacp and harmony of our Government. Polygamy is ar. example of this fact. Twenty years ago, and the man who dared to mouth disunion was looked upon askennce, and shunned by his fellow-citizens as a traitor ; now • <" * 'hemouih ot mil-<n and men, to gaping multitudes, and in our market-places, every day boasts themselves disii nionists. The South will never be satisfied until she has attempted to separate these States— sooner or later that the test ol the stability ot orr Government must come, and the sooner the better. I would rather have tins danger in the past than in the future. Twenty-eight millions of Ireetren in the North are ready to meet disunion now, and crush it as the strong man crushes an eggshell in his hand. States cannot reserve the right to secede.— Thev are the common property of the Gov ernment. Texas cost us many millions ot dollars, and shall Texas now be permitted to walk out ot the Union with the millions of our money I Suppose we pay two hundred mill ions for Cuba one day, shall we permit her to go out of the Union the next with those two hundred millions ? This doctrine of the re served right of States to, secede is preposterous. The people of the North will never peacea bly submit to the secession of the South. If the worst comes to the worst, let brother go to war with brother, and let the stronger party take possession of the whole Government. We must have no Southern Confederacy, n ° Nor thern Republic, but a Union of "many ir. one." Two hundred of your Virginians .rn dered me their command in the event of dis union lam at your service—l will march at a moment's warnig, and, if necessary, give my life for the maintenance of the Constitution and the Union. 1 hold that the election of Abraham Lincoln is no just cause for secession. It is the result ctour system of Government. The majorit yof our people have declared through the ballot box that he is their choice, and the minority should acquiesce. I await your orders. JAMES S. BRISBIN. Plea;e answer. LETCHER, TO BRISBIN. RICHMOND, VA , Nov. 19, iB6O. Sir: Yesterday morning I teceived your extraordinary letter of the 15th inst. I am really at a loss to understand what good end you expected to accomplish by the prepara tion and transmission of it to me. The country is deeply Sectional feeling reigns supreme. The I, ntonjs se riously threatened with disruption. I arriots and conservative men ot all paities, East, Y\ est, North, and South, are looking to the future with fearful and alarming apprehensions. The prudent, considerate, reflecting minds of the nattpu ar* engaged in laud&bl* and noble efforts to alliy the excitement, restore confidence and kind feeling, remove all irritating causes of dif rnce, and if possible, save fhe Union from -ok .on. It is all this time, and under such c r-tfrstances, that you send me a letter de . j,.ciatorv of the motives and conduct of a j v.-'.ion of the Southern people, and which, in its tone and spirit, is well calculated (I hope it was not so intended) to add fuel to a flame that is burning with sufficient intensity now . In your haste to assail your Southern fellow citizens you seem to have forgotten that your own State is, to some extent at least, responsi ble for the present alarming crisis in public affYirs. If lam not greatly mistaken Penn sylvania is one of the eleven non-lav hoi- din® States which have passed statutes, now in full force and effect, designed to obstruct the execution of the Ivitive-siave law. This is one of the grievances of which the Southern people have complained for years ; and although earnest and respectfully appeals have been addressed to you to remove this cause of j irritation and complaint, those appeals have j passed unheeded. As a conservative man, who are ardently desires the perpetu'ly ot the Union, under the Constitution, i appeal to you, and to the con servative element ol the North, to arottse your selves at once, and initiate tiie proper meas nres to secure a repeal of those obnoxious laws. Such action on the port of your Legislature will have a most happy influence in relieving the Southern mind, and restoring peace and , quiet throughout oar now fearfully excited country. The South asks only lor the lair and iait - lu! execution of the laws passed for tiie re covery and protection of her property —that you will cease to embarass and lend your aid to effect their execution, according to their let ter and spirit—that it her property shall escape, and be found in the non-slaveholding States, vou will see that it is promptly restored to the rightful owner. Surely there is patriotism enough in Pennsylvania, and the other non siaveholding Slates, to grant what the law has declared to be our due. especially when the preservation o! the Union depends upon it. In concluding this branch ol tiie subject, per mit me to add, that if the North will respect and uphold the rights ot the States, the Union will be perpetual, our country will continue to grow in power and influence, the people of sections will have secured to them the blessings of peace, quiet, and order, and a prosperity, such as has never been known or appreciated in our past history, will be the necessary re sult. It will require prudence, wisdom, and pat riotism, to avert the evils now impending over our country. Crimination and inflammatory language can have no other effect than t> ex asperate and thus precipitate a result that is already imminent. In this hour of dinger to the Union, it is the duty of patriots in all sec tions of our country to cultivate a kind, gener ous. and concilnaiory spirit one towards a nother. Your letter, however, breathes noth ing of this kind : you taunt the Sooth with your superiorit* of numbers and threaten to crush them bv votir fancied power. Yon asure me that "two hundred" Virgi nians have agreed to place themselves under : ; that you are at mv "service, ' and await my j "orders." Virginians owe allegiance to this j Common wealth, and I have 100 much respect . for mv fellow-citizens of all parties to suppose that "twojbundred" of them, in any part of the j S-ate, are willing logo to Pennsylvania lor a comminder, even it they had determined !o aid in the ungr3ciou3 work of reducing a Southern iister State to the abject condition of a conquer ed j r ivince of the Federal Government. 1 rue Virginians will, 1 am sure, recognize their obligaiions to the State, and wilt hold them selves in readiness te respond to the call o! her constituted authorities. We now have in Virginia duly and legally organized, eighty eight troops "ol cavalry, twenty-six companies of artillery, one hundred and nine companies of infantry, and one hundred and ten compa nies of riflemen, uniformed and well prepared for service. Think you, my dear sir, undej these circumstances that any "two hundred men in Virginia would seriously propose to import a commander from Pennsylvania? No ! No! You have been cruelly hoaxed by some wag, who desired to play off a good joke at your expense. You nave no right to come into Virginia to raise troops lor any purpose whatsoever, and 1 take the occasion to say to you in the kindest spirit imaginable, that such a course will be taker, at vour peril. It is made my duiy to see that the laws are executed, and in the con tingency to, they will be executed to the'letter. It you desire to march against a Southern State, for purpose mentioned in your letter, raise your troops at home, and present them to the sons of the South, as "food for gun powder." We have other and belter uses tor YUrginiacs. As your Utter is of a public character, and as Unpeople of this State may feel some in terest in your views,! have thought it advisa ble to publish it, accompanied with my reply. A number of the Enquirer containing tne. cor respondence will be sent to your address. Respectfully, JOHN LETCHER. JAMES S. BBISBIJS Eiq., Belllonte, Centre < 0., Pa. From the Public Ledger. A POLITICIAN'S EXPERIENCE. MESSRS. EDITORS : 1 have realized in th? short period of my political career the troth of the old say ins, that "Republics are ungrateful." Unlike many of my political brethren, who nurse in silence the "recollection of unrequited services, I have come to the deliberate conclu sion to anticipate the verdict ot posterity, and give to the world a history of my wrongs. If a summary of the distinguished services I have rendered, the fatigues and struggles 1 have endured, and the cruel neglect I have suffered, I fail to bring me a measure of tardy justice, they i will. I hope, excite that public sympathy in my S behalf so seldom shown to the broken down pol ! itician. A few months since 1 was in possession of a ! situation as confidential clerk, which afforded ( me a comfortable livelihood. fhe salary not ' only sufficed me to support a wife and chiid in a neat cottage in the suburbs, but left me a sur i plus, as I hoped, for a rainy day. Moreover, j I had a pew in. church, and had charge of a i class in the Sabbath school, was addressed by BEDFORD, PA., FRIDAY MORNING, DECEMBER 7, 1860, the minister as brother Muggins, and in short, lor aught I know, was in s lair way to become an exemplary citizen, if not a true Christian.— Thus matters stood in July, Anno Domini, one thousand, eight hundred and sixty, when I re ( celled a note fioin Bubbles, an ambitious young i acquaintance of mine, informing me, that in | view of the critical exigency of the trrr.es, and j the "impending crisis" in our national affairs, it behoved every lover of liberty and true friend ofliis country to organize for active work in the campaign just opening, and a< the country would be vastly benefitted by my (Muggins') intellectual and physical services, 1 was press ingly invited to attach myself to the "Stentorian Worm Fence Club," of which he was Presi dent and generalissimo. I tost no time in seek ing the rendezvous, which was a large building over a dridking saloon. I was furnished with a lager beer Zouave cap and oil cloth cape, and a pole with a coal-oi! lamp at the top, and was diawn up in line with a hundred other patriots and put through the manual of exercises, which consisted of movements by files of lour, six and eight, in open order, at the distance often feet apart, which was explained to me as intended to magnify our numbers In presence of an ene my, practising in blows from the shoulder, and other artistic movements of the manly art, life the whole varied by different species of yells, groans, cheers and "tigers," the most successful in the la>t named drill receiving the post ot honor in parades and at public assemblages. My first night's experience may be thus summed up : "Was diverted, then felt enthusi astic, then grew patriotic, then became belinger ent; passed through the ordeal of th" drill with satisfaction to myself, and received the post of honor for the loudest veiling. This excited the envy of my comrades, to conciliate whom, I stood treat for the party. Went home; found my wife alarmed at my long absence. Made all right by pleading busititss engagements as the cause. Went to bed—dreamed of nothing L'ut politics ; disturbed by the glare ot toiches, cheers and groans. Next day had several vis its liotn my comrades of the club, with whom, for fear of being thought mean, 1 drank and talked politics. Thus the fust week was passed amid the excitements of controversy by day and heavy campaign work by night, when the fol lowing Saboa'Jt found me physically disabled to endure the monotony of the sermon, and spiiilually incompetent for the instructions of the Sabbath school. My wife for tiie first time went to church alone. I improved her absence by recruiting my exhausted energies at the near est bar. - ~ - ... i ones, except as the campaign nearen its concro- ; sion. drills and parades were more frequent, of ten continuing through the greater portion of i the night, and taxing the physical strength to the utmost, requiring (rrquent internal applica- ; tions of stimulating medicines to keep up 1 strength and .rithusiasm The last week of the campaign lound our club swelled to the number of live hundred, less they boys who had 1 no votes, most ol whom had been attracted by the splendor of our outfit and parade, and the j prospect of free drinks. By reference to my diary, I find that up 1o this time I had drilled fifty times, paraded over five hundred miles of street, without reckoning frequent trips to the interior on special trains ; wore out twentv-five pair at shoes, three capes by the iriction of the lamp pole, burnt up six caps, and consumed ten gallons of oil in my single lamp. 1 had lost during that period three hundred and sixty hours of fleep, spent all my surplus change to pay for drinks, flags and other decorations . had | frequent family jars on account of late hours, ! lost mv pew in church and my class in the ' S bbath school. Am minus three teeth, the re sult of a street encounter with a political oppo nent : have a cracked voice, the result of over exertion in cheering ; and last, though not least, I have a disagreeable hankering alter "brandy i smashes" and "gin cockiails," and a mysteri i ous affinity for drinking =aloons and their asso | ciations. To conclude the long story of my sufferings, i I have lost my situat o i as confidential clerk, and the many letters 1 have written to the man | I have done so much to elevate remain unan- I swered. lam ready lor rebellion. Yours indignantly, PETER MUGGINS. LIFE EVERYWHERE. Under this heading an interesting and in structive article makes its appearance in the Cornhill Magazine : I Life everywhere ! The air is crowded with ; birds—beautiful, tender, intelligent birds, tc I whom life is a song and a thrilling anxiety— the anxiety of love. The air is swarming with s insects—those little animated miracles. Thf

! waters are peopled with innumerable forms— from the animalcule, so small that one hundrec and fifty millions of them would not weigh a grain, to the whale, so large that it seems an is land as it slepps upon the waves. The bed o thespa is alive with polypi, carps, star fishes and with shell animalcules. The rugged fac oftherockis scarred by the silent boring c soft creatures and blackened with countless mus cles, barnacles and limpets. Life everywhere ! on the earth, in the eartl crawling, creeping, burrowing boring, leaping running. If the sequestered coolness of th wood, tempt us to saunter into its checkere shade, we ate saluted by the numerous din ( insects, the twitter of birds, the scrambling < squirrels, the startled rush of unseen beasts, a telling how populous is this seeming solitud It we pause before a 'ree, or shrub, or plan our cursory and half abstracted glance detects colony ol various inhabitants. We pluck Freedom of Thought and Opinion. j flower in its bosom we sep many a'charming in ; sect busy in its appointed labor. We pick a : fallen leaf, and if nothing is visible on it. there is probably the trace of an insect larva hidden j in its fissure, and awaiting their development. The drop cfdew upon this leaf will probably contain its animals, under the microscope. The same microscope reveals that the blood rain suddenly appearing on bread, and awaken ing superstitious terrors, is nothing but a col lection ot minute animals, and 'hat the vast beds of snow which are redened in a single night, owe their color to the marvelous rapid ity in reproduciion of a minute plant. The ; very mold which covers our cheese, our bread, : our jam, or our ink, and disfigures our damp 1 walls, is nothing but a collection of plants.— ! The many colored fires which sparkles on the ; surface of a summer sea at night, as the vessel plows her way, or which drips from the oars in lines of jeweled light, is produced by millions of minute animals. | MODERN INVENTIONS FORETOLD IN THE Tin R TEENTII CENTURY.—"I will now, in the first j place, speak of some of the wonderful works of Art and Nature, that I may afterwards assign t the bause. and methods of them, in which there >s nothing magical, so that it may be seen how | interior and worthless'all magic power is, in ■ comparison with these works. And fust, ac -1 cording to the fashion and rule of Art alone. i j Thus, machines can be made for navigation without men to row them : so that ships ol the ; largest size, whether on rivers or on the sea, | can be carried forward, under the guidance of a single man, at a greater speed than if they were full of men [rower- ] In like manner, a car can be made which will move without tlip aid ol any animal, with incalculable impetuous; , such 3s wesuppose the schylhed chariots to j have been which were anciently used in battle. I Also machine for flying can be made, so that a man may sit in the middle of the machine, tur an engine, by which wings artificially disposed i are made to beat the air, after the manner of a bird in flight. Also, an instrument, small in 1 size, for raising and depressing almost infinite I weights, than on which nothing on occasion I L rmre useful ; lor, with an in'trumentot there I ""S 1 "" • S ALIO | of smaller bulk, a man might deliver himself ! and his companions from all danger of prison, j and rise or descend. Also, an instrument ! might be easily made by which one man could draw to himself a thousand men bv force and against their will, and like manner draw other things. Instruments can be made for walking ia the sea or in rivers, even at the bottom, vithout bodily risk ; for Alexandet the Great nade use of this to see the secrets of the sea, as fie Ethical Astronomer relates. These things <-re made in ancient times, and are made in rwr times, as is certain, except the machine for flying, which I have not seen, nor have I Uiown any one who has seen it, but I know a vise man who thought to accomplish this de rice. And almost an infinite number of things ran be made ; as bridges across rivers without olers or any supports, and machines and un jipard of engines."— Roger Beacon. From the Pittsburg Post. THE PANIC. The gteat present subject of discussion is the atise and effect of the financial panic. It is idmilted on all hands that it is not a commer ;ial crisis, in the usual sense ot that term. It s, in tact, a trial of the commercial value ot the Union, and such a trial as will probabiv cost he country one hundred millions of dollars, at he least calculation. The Republican journals charge the secession sts at the South with having caused the panic, iut what caused the excitement in the South, ■xcept the triumph of Sectionalism in the North •>y the election of Lincoln. Does any one ■ hink for one moment that had Douglas or Bell, >r any other Union man, been e'ected President iliere would have occuried the least commer cial disaster ? Certainly not, for confidence, vhich is the mainstay of all business, would nave remaiued. The truth is, the Re publican politicians of (he North have dared his panic to eome. They were determined 'hat it should come. Scarce a week ago the New York Tribune said : "Let's have a panic None of your little hollow half-way, make-be nieves, but a real old-fashioned break down, af i.er the pattern ot 185/," and closes its semi tocular article thus : "So let us take hold, and >?et up a rousit.g, smashing, high old pan ic !" Other Republican journals joined in, and said h-"Hurry up the panic !" ; Well those jocose gentleman, who sneered at mcessson, and said, "let South Carolina go out it tne Union if she wants to," have obtained *eir wish. They have brought upon the coun try a "high old panic," and now they can laugh aivay while their country is suffering. Jacob," said a master to his aj)- •rentice boy, "it is wonderful to see what a juantityyou eat." ¥es," said the boy, I *ve been practising it since I was a child." DIPTHERIA. The Disease has become epidemic in many parts of the country. Every one, especially heads of families, should be on the watch and prepared to meet the first symptoms with pro per remedies, to which the disease will be found readily to yield. The word "Diptheria" is derived fiom the Greek "Diptheria," which signifies "mem brane," and was introduced in 1827 by Bret toneau, ot Haris, as applicable to a peculiar inflammation of the lining of the throat and windpipe, which produces a small "mem brane." The disease is an old one as a spor adic disease, but is a new one |as an epidemic. As in cholera times every diarrhea mav end in cholera, and ought to be treated, "so now, every every sore throat may become Yipthe,ia," and ought to be treated. If this is attended to, there is little or no danger in the disease. The throat, as soon as discovered to be sore, should be instantly cauterized. Ordinary washes, or mild solutions ot caustic, "do no good." Have | eight grainsof nitrate of silver dissolved in a drachm of water. Dip in this solution a cam el's hair pencil or a mop, press the tongue with the handle of a spoon, and apply the mop or brush freely to every* part of the throat that is red. Once a day is often enough ; and two, and very often one application destroys the disease. The disease is accompanied with fever, and •in some cases with an eruption on the skin, j which covers the whole body. These symp | tarns generally disappear as soon as the disease | is checked. A POISONED RING. The Paris papers state that a gentleman who j had lately purchased some works of art in the i Rue St. Honore, was engaged in examining an ancient ring when he gave hiYnself a slight scratch in the hand with a sharp part of it. He ■ continued talking with the dealer for short J time, when he suddenly felt an indpscrbable 1 sensation over his whole body, which appeared ' to paralyze all his faculties, and he soon became j so seriously ill that it was considered necessary ; ♦ i n rt• .i. ™i mu „ .i^tr*r im mediately discovered every symptoms of poison ,by lome mineral substance. He applied strong | antidotes, and in a short time the gentleman was in a measure recovered. The rinc was loundtobe what was formerly cailed a death ring, in use in Italy when act 3 of poisoning! were frequent, about the middle of the 17th century. Attached to its inside were two claws of a lion, made of the sharpest steel, and having clefts in them filled with a violent poison. Iu a crowded assembly, or in a ball, IIIP wearer ol this fatal ring, wishing to EXTRA cise revenge on any person, would take their hand, and when pressing it the sharp claw would be sure to inflict a slight scratch on the skm. This was enough for on the following morning the victim would be sure to be found dead. Notwithstanding the many years since which the poison on this ring had been plated tnere, it retained its strength sufficiently to cause great inconvenience to the gentleman. I HEALTHFOLNESS OF APPLE?.- There is scarcely an article of vegetable food, 'says Hall's . Journal of Health, more widely useful, and more universally loved, than the apple. Why every farmer in the nation has net an apple or chard, where the trees will grow at ail, is one of the mysteries. Let every family lay in from two to ten or more barrels, and it will be to them the most economical investment in the whote range of culinaries. A raw, mellow ap ple is digested in an hour and a half, while boiled cabbage requires five hours. The most healthy desert which can be placed on a table : s a baked apple. If taken heelv at breakfast, with coarse bread and butter, without meat or flesh of any kind, it has an admirable effect on the general system, often removes constipation, correcting acidities, and cooling off febrile con ditions more effectually than the most impro ved medicines. If families could be induced to substitute the apple—sound, ripe and luscious— fur .he pies, cakes, candies, sweatmeats with which their children are too indiscretely stuff ed, their would be a diminution in the sum to tal of doctors' bills in a single year, sufficient to lay in a stock of this delicious fruit for a whole season's use. WANT OF EMPLOYMENT.— AIready hundred and thousands of our people are out of employ ment, and before spring comes they will be pa rading our streets demanding labor or bread. We advise all who are out of work to apply at the Tribune, Post and Times offices. These journals told us that the election of Lincoln was going to give peace to the country, and surely they ought now to be held accountable tor the disasters upon us. Where are the merchants who so safely predicted prosperity as the re sult of Lincoln's election ? Who has ? copy ol that circular stgned by Shepherd Knapp and two hundred other#JV. y. Day Book. WHOLE \t I!HER, 2925. | HOW SAL DISGRACED THE FAMILY- A traveler ;n the Stale ol Illinois, some year 9 | ago, came to a Jane log hut on the prairies, npar • Cairo, and there halted. He went into the i house ol logs. It was a wretched affair, with !an eri.ptv packing box for a table, while two or three old chairs and disabled stools graced the reception room, the dark walls of which were lurther ornamented by a display of duty tin ware and a broken shelf article or two. Tht woman was crying in one corner, and the rr.an, with tears in his eves and a pipe in his mouth, sat on a stool, with his dirtv arms resting on his knees, and his sorrowful-looking head supported by the palms of his hands.— Not a word greeted the interloper. "Well," he said "you seeem to be in an aw ful trouble here ; what's up 1" "Ob, we are almost craze)', neighbor," said thejwoman : "and we ain't got no patience to see folks now." "That's all right," said the visitor, not much taken aback by this polite rebuff ; "but .can I be of any service to you in all this trouble ?" "Well, we've lost our gal; our Sal's gone off and left us," said the man in tones of des pair. "Ah, do you know what induced her to leave you ?" remarked the new arrival. "Well, we can't say, stranger, as how she's so iar lest as to be induced, but then she's gone and disgraced us," remarked the afflicted fa ther. "Yes, neighbor, and r.ot as 1 should say it a9 is her mother, but there warn't a pootier gal in the West than our Sal, she's gone and brought ruin on us and on her own head, now." follow ed tfie stricken mother. "Who has she gone with ? asked the vis itor. "Well, there's the trouble. The gal could have done well, and might have married Mar tin Kehoe a capital shoemaker who although he's got but one eye, plays the flute in a lively manner, and earns a good living. Then look what a home and what a life she has deseited. She was here surrounded by all the luxurv in the country," said the father. es, who knows what poor Sal will have to eat, drink or wear, now," groaned the old wo man. "And who is the feller that has taken her from you to lead tier into such misery 1" quoth the stranger. ' "\V by, she's gone off and got married to a critter called an editor, as lives in the village, a living lhe 3' arc to afro WHO ARE DISLiVIoNISTS. Is It he who breaks a compact, or he who, finding it broken, withdraws ? Is not the guilt, the responsibility of disunion with him who dis-' rups the compact ? Many .\orthern States have deliberately and with the wicked purpose of aggression on un otlending friends, broke* the compact of the Constitution in its vital points, in its letter and m its spirit. Ine South thus finding the compact of the Constitution, repudiated by Northern States, ic those provisions especially intended for the pro tection of Southern rights and interests, propose to withdraw from a compact in which she alone is required to keep faith. Such is a sianple statement of the W ill any'one, can any one deny it ? This then being the case stated, what is the remedy ? How can the South stay her purpose and remain ? Why clearly, only by the removal of the Just cause for secession, by the secession of the North from its violations of the Constitution and a cessation of its aggressive course. AN EC DOTE oFjACASON. Jackson was elected judge and took his seat in the Supreme Court of Tennessee in 1798. He continued to dispense justice in a rough and ready way tor six years. The most prominent story told ol his judicial career, relates to his being summoned by the sheriff, by his own or der, to aid in seizing an unruly and dangerous citizen. The turbulent fellow, a man of great strength and courage, and armed to the teethe, was parading the street in front-ot ihe court house, bidding defiance to the whole world, and the rest of mankind. "Mr. Sheriff," said the judge, "seize that man and bring him b. fore me." The sheriff in a few moments reported that the desperado refused to be taken. "Summon the possee comitatus ," ordered the bench. The posse was ordered, but the same result. "Sum mon me," commanded the judge. "The court stands adjourned for ten minutes." The judge was summoned accordingly, marched up to the delinquent with flawing eyes, bristling hair, and pistol in hand, and made him in a moment as submissive as a lamb. OUXG AMERICA. The ,following delicate specimen of juvenile bravado is too good to be lost : One night Freddy had been put to bed, and mother and Johnny were in an adjoining room. Presently Johnny cut up some ca"per, on which his mother threatened to take him into the other room and whip hirn. "Mother," said Freddy's voice under the bed clothes, "I know where I'd take him." "Where ?" said the mother whose curiosity was excited. J "I'd take him under the leff ear." A SLIGHT MISTAKE.—A Frenchman; having a violent pain in his stomach, applied to a phy sician (who was an Englishman} for relief The doctor inquiring where his trouble lay, the r renchman, in dolorous accents laving bis hand on his breast, said, "Vy, sare, 1 have a ver> bad pain in sny portmanteau.' VOL. 4. NO. 17.