Newspaper of Bedford Gazette, January 11, 1861, Page 2

Newspaper of Bedford Gazette dated January 11, 1861 Page 2
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colored person, named Margaret Morgan. Upon the trial it appeared that she was held us a slave in the State of Maryland, and that she escaped into theStaleot Pennsylvania in the year 1832— that in 1937, Edward Prigg was appointed, by the owner o( the slave, to seize and arrest her as a fugitive from labor. In pursuance of this authority, and under a war rant issued by a justice of the peace, Prigg cau sed the negro woman to be arrested, and with out having obtained any warrant of removal, he delivered her to her owner in the State of Maryland. These lacts were found by a spe cial verdict, and by the agreement of counsel, a judgment was entered against Prig?- from this judgment a writ of error was taken to the Supreme Court of the State, where A pro forma judgment of affirmance was again, by agree ment, entered, and the case removed to the Su preme Court of the United States. It will be observed that the question, wheth er Edward Prigg was really guilty ot ihe crime of kidnapping, under the Pennsylvania statute of 1826, was never actually passed upon, either bv the court or jury, in the county of York, or by the Supreme Court of the State. Ihe jury merely found the facts, and the action of both courts was but a matter of form. In the argument and defeimination of the case, in the Supreme Court of the United States, it appears to have been taken for granted, that our act of 1826 made it a criminal offence for a master to take his slave out of this State, with out a warrant of removal ; and, upon this con struction, the act was declared unconstitutional and void. This, I submit, was a clear misap prehension of the purport and meaning of our legislation. The first section of the act of 1826 under which the indictment against Prigg was framed, was almost literally copied from the seventh section of the act of 1788, to which a construction had already been given by the highest judicial tribunal of the State of Pennsyl vania, where it was held to have no application whatever to the removal of a slave by the mas ter or his agent, with or without a warrant.— Such was the undoubted law of the State under the statute of 1788, and in re-enacting that stat ute, in the act of 1826, with an increased pen alty, it is manifest that the intention and object of the Legislature was to protect free persons of color, and to punish those, who, by fraud, force or violence, were guilty ol kidnapping, and holding or selling free men as slaves. This the State had a clear right to do ; and nothing but a misconstruction of her act, could have indu ced the declaration that it was forbidden by the Cbostitullfcn of the United States. It is per fectly clear, that Edward Prigg had commitied no crime in removing Margaret Morgan from the State of Pennsylvania to the State of Ma ryland, and delivering ber up to her owner; | and it is equally clear, that no attempt was made, by the statute of Pennsylvania, to declare his act a crime. He should have been discharg ed, not because the act of the State was uncon- j stitutional, but because he had not transgressed its commands. The Supreme Court of the United States not only pronounced the particulat section of the act of 1826, then before them, unconstitution al, but a majority of the court heid that the whole act was void, because the power to pro vide for the rendition of fugitives from labor, was vested exclusively in Congress and the sev eral States were, therefore, incompetent io pass statutes either in aid of, or to hinder, delay or prevent, the delivery of such fugitives. That this was the extent of the decision, as delivered by Judge Story, not only appears from the opin ions of the majority, but also from the dissen ting opinions delivered by the minority of Ihe court. By this unfortunate decision, it was au thoritatively proclaimed that Pennsylvania, in enacting her liberal statute of 1826, making it the duty of her own officers to aid in arresting and delivering up fugitives from labor, had mis taken her constitutional obligation, and that her act was in violation of, rather than obedience to, the Constitution of the United States. Un der such circumstances, it was the manifest du ty of the State to repeal her law thus declared j unconstitutional. This wa3 done by the act of 1847 ; and if that act had contained nothing more than a repeal of the law of 1826, and the re-enactment of the law against kidnapping, it could not have been subject to any just com plaint. But the third section of the acl of 1547 prohibits, under heavy penalties, our judges and magistrates from acting under any act of Con gress, or otherwise taking jurisdiction of the case of a fugitive from labor; and thp fourth section punishes with fine, and imprisonment, the tumultuous and riotous arrest of a fugitive slave, bv any person or persons, uuder any pre tence of authority whatever, so as to create a breach of the public peace. The sixth section, denying the use of the county jails for the de tention of fugitive slaves, was repealed in 1852 and need only be referred to as showing the general spkit of the act. The seventh section repealed the provisions ol the act of 1780, which authorized persons passing through our State to take their slaves with them, and gave to sojourners the right to bung their slaves into the State, and retain them here fur any period not exceeding six months. The provisions of thp third and fourth sec tions of the act of 1547, seem !<> have been predicated upon the language of the Supreme Court in Prigg's case. It is thete admi'ted that the several States may prohibit their own magistrates, and other officers, from exercising an authority conferred by an act of Congress j and that while an owner of a slave, under and in virtue ot the Constitution of the United States, is clothed with power, in every State of the Union, to seize and recapture his slave, he must nevertheless, do so without using any il legal violence, or committing a breach of the peace. It is evident that the frainer of the act of 1847, had closely studied the case of Prigsr vs. The Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, and had kept his law strictly within tia letter. In many respects, the act is a codification of the principles enunciated by the court ; and more fault may justly be found with its temper than its want of constitutionality. If fugitive slaves were stiff claimed under the act of Congress of 1793, the denial to the mas ter of the aid of of State judges and masistrates, might be a source of greaCinconvenience to him; but the complete and perfect remedv now pro vcded by the act of Congress of 1850, renders htm entirely independent of State officers. And the punishment of arrests without warrant, bv a master in the exercise of his constitutional right of recaption, but made in a violent, tu multuous and unreasonable manner, amounting to a breach of the peare, is but recognizing, by statute, what was before the common law.— fhesp sections Were re-enacted in the revised code of Pennsylvania, at the last session of the Legislature, and are still the law of the State ; but they are not now of any practical importance, and as their retention on our sta tute booE is calculated to create the impression that the people of this State are unfavorable to ttie execution of the fugitive 6lave law, and the discharge ot their confederate duties, and with the view of removing this subject ot reproach, [ earnestly recommend their unconditional re peal. While a majority of the judges of the Su preme Court of the United States, in the Png> case, held, that a State had no constitutional right to provide by legislation tor delivering up fugitives from labor, a minority were then of the opinion that State laws, consistent with, and in aid of, the constitutional injunction, were valid and proper. And this minority opinion is now the judgment of the present court, as rectify indicated in a case which a rose in the State ol Illinois. There is, there fore, nothing to prevent the revival ot 'he act of 1826, and its restoration to the place in our code to which, by its merits, it is so justly en titled. This would leave it to the optiorr ol the claiman', whether he would seek his remedy under State or National laws. He had this right before the repeal ot our act ot 1826, and, ih my opinion, no good reason can be assigned lor refusing to place him again in the same po i iition. I would also recommend taat the consent of the State be given, that the master, while so journing in our State, for a limited period, or passing through it, may be accompanied by his slave, without losing his right to his service.— While such legislation is due to the comity wnich should ever exist between the different Stales of this Union, it would undoubtedly tend greatly to restore that peace and harmony, which are now so unwisely imperiled. By this Pennsylvania would concede no principle— we would simply be falling back upon our ancient policy, adopted at a time when our people were themselves [struggling tor their rights, and never departed from, until, by a misconception ot its leaning, one of our most important stat utes was declared unconstitutional. From 1780, to 1817, a period of sixty-seven years, Pennsylvania, herself a free State, permitted the citizens of other States to sojourn within her limits, with their slaves, for any period not ex ceeding six months, and to pass through the State, in traveling from one State to another, free frorr. ail molestatiou. Was she injured, or was the cause of human freedom retarded, by the friendly "grant of this privilege! This question cannot be truthfully answered in the affirmative ; but it may be safely avened that by changing our policy in this respect, we have in some degree, at least, alienated from us the feelings ot fraternal kindness, which bound together, so closely, the sisterhood of States.— Let us, then, renew this pledge of amity and friendship, and once more extend a kindly welcome to the citizens of our common country, wnether visiting us on business or pleasure, notwithstanding they may be accompanied by those who, under the Constitution and the laws, are held to service and labor. The Territories of the United States belong j to the General Gov.-e iment, and in those Ter- j ritories the people of the several States un- j questionably have equal rights. They were acquired by means of the common expenditure of blood and treasure. By the Federal Constitu tion power is given to Congress "to dispose of and make all needful rules and regulations respecting the territory and other property belonging to the United States." Whether under this, or any other power confi-rred by the Constitu'i m, Congress can prohibit or pro tect slavery in the Territories, has been seri ously questioned. But, if the power to legis late upon this delicate and important subject . were clearly vested in Congress, in my j.idg- j ment it ought not to be exercised. To declare that slavery shall not exist in the Territories, is j calculated to exclude from their occupancy the ; citizens of the southern or slaveholding States;, while,to make it a legal institution in all the Territories of 'he U. StatPs, by Congressional enactment, and to provide for its continuance during their entire Territorial existence, would be equally injurious to the people of the tree States. The principle adopted in the Compro- I mise measures ot 1850, lor disposing of the \ question of slavery in New Mexico and Utah, i and reiterated in the Kansas and Xebra.-ka bills jof 1854, of non-iuterventio:) by Congress with j slavery in the States and in the Territories, is the true rule. It is the duty of Congress, when j a sufficient number of hardy and adventurous pioneers find their way into our distant Terri | tories, to furnish them a shield of protection and a form of government ; but to the people themselves belongs the right to regulate their own domestic institutions in their own way, subject only to the Constitution of the United , States. While these views have been long entertain ed by me, and while I am sincerely of the opinion tnat their general adoption, and faithful enforcement, would have preserved, and may yet restore/peace and harmony to all sections of the country, I am nevertheless not so wedded to them as to rpject, unceremoniously, all other propositions for the settlement of the vexed questions which now threaten to sunder the bonds which for three quarters of a century have made us one people. Forty years ago, our fathers settled an angrv controversy grow ing out of a similar question, by dividing the Territories purchased from France, and pro viding that Slavery, or involuntary servitude, should not exist north of a certain line ; and the whole country acquiesced in that compro mise. In 1854, that restriction upon slavery was reTnoved, and the people of all the Terri tories were left free to decide the question for themselves. Now the sectional issue is again presented, by the dominant party in the North, claifvung that slavery cannot legally go into the Territories, even if sanctioned by Congress, or the Territorial Legislature; and that it is the right anr> the duty of Congress to prohibit its existence. While the doctrine which obtains with a majority of the people in most of the southern States, is, that under the Constitution, the Territories .ire all open to slavery ; that neither Congress\nor the Territorial Lege !.i --ture can lawfully prohibit its existence, aid that it is th duty of Congress to provide for it all needful p.otection. May we not wisely follow the example of our fathers, by re-enact ing the old compromise line of 1820, and ex tending it to the boundary of California ? Not by the means of legislation of doubtful con stitutionality, but by an amendment to the Constitution itself, and thus permanently fix the condition of the Territories, so that those 1 who desire to occupy them, may find a home, at their discretion, either where slaveiv i< tol erated, or where it is prohibited. It the adop tion of such an amendment would peacefully settle the difficulties which now surround us, f am satisfidd that it would be sanctioned ov the people of Pennsylvania. At all events, they should have an opportunity to accept or reject if, if made as a peace offering. I would, there fore, recommend the General Assembly to in struct aud request our Senators and Repre sentatives in Congress, lo support <t proposition tor such an amendment ot the Conslitulion, to he submitted for ratification or rejection, to a convention of delegates, elected directly by the people ot the State. In the event ot the failure ot Congress spee dily to propose this, or a similar amendment, to the Constitution, the citizens of Pennsylva nia should have an opportunity, by the applica tion ol some peaceable remedy, to prevent the dismemberment ot this Union. This can oniy be aone by calling a convention of delegates, to be elected by the people, with a view solely to the consideration of what measures should be taken to meet the present feartul exigencies.— If Congress should propose no remedy, let it emanate trom the souice of all authority, the p; iple themselves. Every attempt, upon the part of individuals, or of organized societies, to lead the people a way trom their allegiance to the government, to induce them to violate any ot the provisions of the Constitution, or to incite insurrections in any ot the States of this Union, ought to be prohibited by law, as crimes of a treasonable nature. It is of the first importance to the per petuity of this great Union, that the hearts of the people, and the action ot their constituted authorities, should he in unison, in giving a faithful support to the Constitution ot the Uni ted States. The people of Pennsylvania are devoted to the Union. They will lollow its stars and its stripes through every peril. But, before assuming the high resjonsibilities now dimly foreshadowed, it is their solemn duty to remove every just cause of complaint against themselves, so that they may stand before High Heaven, and the civilized world, without fear and without reproach, ready lo devote their lives and their fortunes to the support of the best form of government that has ever been de vised by the wisdom ot man. In accordance with the provisions of the Constitution of the State, I shall soon resign the office of Chief Executive of Pennsylvania, with which the people have entrusted me, to him whom they have chosen as my successor. I ! shall carry with me info the walks of private life, the consciousness of having honestly dis charged the duties that have devolved on me during the ♦erm of my office, to the best of my ability ; and shall ever cherish the warmest af fection tor, and the deepest interest in, the fu ture welfare of our beloved Commonwealth and our glorious Republic. The shadow of a dark cloud does indeed rest upon us ; but my hopes and my affections still ciing to our Union, and my prayer shall be that He who orders the des tinies of nations, when He shall have chastened us for our sins, and humbled us before Him, will restore us again in mercy, and bind us togeth er in stronger and more hallowed bonds of fra ternity ,to remain unbroken through all future time. WM. F. PACKER. EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENT, I Harrisburg, January 2, 1861. j •TF'The following eloquent and beautiful extract from a Southern Thanksgiving Sermon has been handed us for publication. We give place to it with pleasure : [For the Bedford Gazette.] PLEA OF THE SOUTH. It is a remarkable fact that during these thir ty years of unceasing warfare against slaverv, and while a lying spirit has inflamed the world against us, that world has grown more depen dent upon it tor its sustenance and wealth.— Every tyio knows that all branches of industry fall back upon the soil. We must come, every one of us, to the bosom of this great mother for nourishment. In tiie happy partnership which has grown up in providence between the tribes of this confederacy, ourSndusiry has beeti con centrated upon agriculture. To the North we have cheerfully resigned all the profits arising from manufacture and commerce. Those prof its they have, for the most part, fairly earned and we have never begrudged them. We have sent them our sugar and bought it back when refined ; we have sent them our cotton and bought it back when spun info thread or woven into cloth. Almost every article we use, from I the shoe-latchet to the most elaborate and cost | ly article of luxury, they have made and we j have bought ; and both sections have thriven 6v ! the partnership, as no people ever thrived be fore, since the first shining of the sun. So lit erally tiue are the words of the text, addressed by Obadiah toEdom ; "All the men of our con federacy, the men that were at peace with us, have eaten our bread at the very time they were at peace with us, have eaten our bread at the very time they have deceived and laid a wound under us." Even beyond this—the en riching commerce wtiich h3s built the splendid cities and marble palaces of England as well "as of America has been largely established upon the p r idactsof our soil { and the blooms upon Souiii rn fields gathered ov black hands, have fed thp spindles and looms of Manchester and Birmingham, not less than of Lowell and Law rence. Sti ike now a blow at this system of la bor and the world itself totters at the stroke.— Shall we permit that blow to fall ? Do we not owe it to civilized man to stand in the breach and slay the uplifted arm ? If the blind Sam son lays hold of the pillars which support the arch of the world's industry, liuw many more will be buried beneath its ruins than the Lords of the-Philistines ?— Extract from Rev. B. M. Palmer's Sermon, delivered at JVew Orleans, on fAe 29 JVOV., 1860, (Thanksgiving Oay.) Southern News, WegJean from our exchanges the following with regard to the state of affairs in the South. SECESSION MOVEMENTS. —Fort Sumter is said to be beseiged ; the communications cut off; Fort Moultrie repaired, and the guns remount ed by the Carolinians ; new batteries erected and the dangers daily increasing. Major Anderson is determined to defend his posi.ion to the lasf. He was visited by his bro ther under the surveriance of three gentlemen who accompanied him to the Fort. The South Carolina Commissioners have gone home quite offended at Mr. Buchanan for re turning tneir note unanswered. The Georgia Forts were seized by order of the Governor of the State. The arsenal at Augusta is threaten ed with seizure also, as are all the Forts on the Gulf coast. The Georgia election has gone for the secessionists. Tne arsenal at Mobile, Ala., with 75,000 stand of arms, has been seized and is now in possession of the secessionists. A secession flag has been raised at Wilming ton, N. C.. a secession meeting held, and the feeh.ig seems to be daily increasing. •The Florida State Convention met and orga nized yesterday at Tallahasse, and then ad | journed until Saturday noon. It is now denied that Fort Sumter is be sieged. The U. S. Arsenal and Forts at Mo bile have been taken by the Alabama troops.— The U.S. Forts in Georgia, are in possession of the Georgian troops. BEDFORD GAZETTE. -BEDFORD, Pa.— FRIDAY::: JAN. 11, 1861- B. F. Meyers, Editor and Proprietor Treason of British Abolitionism. The blood-hounds of Black Republican Ab olitionsm have at last brought their Southern game to bay. Their keen scent for the negro has at last brought them to the fastnesses where the Southern lion makes his lair. The brazen clangor of their restless tongues has aroused, alarmed, yea, maddened the people of the whole Union. Abolitionism, under the conve nient d'sguise of "Republicanism," has at last achieved its long-cherished design of bringing civil war upon the country and of effecting the dissolution of this noble confederacy. This most dark and heinous form ot treason, was in vented by Old England and given as a Grecian horse to the fanatics and traitors of New Eng land to be used for the destruction of our glo rious Government. The descendants of the cruel and cold-blooded witch-burners of Salem were well calculated to introduce this machine, bowel led with plagues and death, within the walls of our Troy. They had no trouble in finding a sufficient uumber of knaves and fools to help them on indheir work of trea son. The forum was made to ring with the el oquence of demagoguges seeking to court their favor. The pulpit was desecrated by their priestly partizans and God-mocking hirelings. The press was corrupted to their aid by British gold, and even the novel was prostituted to the Utterance of monstrous aud distorted pictures of the institutions against which these devout and saintly patriots were urging their new crusade. Thus were The people blindfolded to the hide ousness of the danger impending above them. Jts very monstrosity seemed lovely in Ibeir eyes. Completely deluded and ensnared, the confiding people were willing that the machine of Anti slavery, should spew out upon the land the hid den and mysterious influences which were to biing such concord, unity, plenty and glory to the confederated States. The sixth of Novem ber witnessed the culmination cf this insanei dolatry ; the seventh resounded with the com mingled clamor for Disunion, the crash of bank suspensions and the cry tor bread of the poor laborer suddenly deprived of the means of sub sistence. How many, many timps were the people warned against this Abolition monster! "Line upon line and precept upon precept," and yet they would not consider ! Verily, the day of their humiliation is come ; their country i* in the agony of civil rupture ; the British horse is changed to an iion-shod courser, soon perhaps, to tread in scorn over the tombol Washington and to stamp the print of his ignominous foot up on the soil of Marion and Sumpter. Shades of our conscript fathers ! Spirits of the glorious dead of the Revolution ! Seek the degraded hearts of your sons and kindle therein the in digiation ye would have felt at your country's dijgface! Oh that British intrigue should have brought us to this 1 Oh that the plottingsofthe arch-enemies of our country, should succeed, and the traitois that execute them should go un hung ! Has Lincoln done his Duty ? Ls it an essential attribute of the model states man that when his country is in peril he should remain silent and inactive ? Is it the quality of patriotism when civ il war and fraternal itrif* threaten the land with rapine and destruction, to lie supinely down, without one single efTort to check the impending storm 1 To justify the conduct of the President elect, these questions must be answered in the affirmative. Mr. Lin coln knows that it is because of his position be fore the country that the present alarming trou bles exist. He knows that it is because he clings to the Chicago Black Republican Plat form, which 'hnies equal rights in the Territo ries to the people of the South, that the South ern States are resorting to secession and dis union. Had lie spoken out two weeks ago, in favor of the maintenance of the rights of the Southern people, it is hardly to be doubted that all would have been well. He certainly must have known that all that the South desires is the assurance that it v. ill be treated as fairly under his Administration as under that of Mil lard Fillmore and other Northern Presidents, and knowing this, if he intends to deal justly with the South, why does he preserve his stud ied silence ? Why does he not say to the South, "Hold ! Do not break up this Government! Your Constitutional rights shall be maintained?" Silence ia such a crisis, on the part of a man in Mr. Lincoln's position, is nothing less than treason. It is ten-fold more treasonable than the conduct of the secessionists. The latter are fighting for what they believe their own self-preservation ; Mr. Lincoln, in remaining silen', is merely obeying the behests of his par tv, and for the sake of keeping in favor with the radical Republicans, permits his country to suffer and, perhaps, perish. Out upon such a I demagogue as this! The viais of popular wrath will yet be poured out upon his head; and from the conservative and Constitution-loving masses of the North—yea, of the negro-ridden North —will come a voice of thunder in his condem nation ! "The man who rises on his country's ruin, Lives in a crowd of foes, himself the chief : In vain his power, in vain his pomp and pleasure! His guilty 'boughts, those tyrants of the soul , Steal in unseen, and stab him in his triumph." [£F"The scramble for office among the Re publicans in this State,is just now of an irrepressi ble nature. A K McCltire and Simon Camer on head the opposing factions in the Cabinet war. McClure is a sly lellow, but we think old Winnebago will "wiggle waggle" his si ippery moccasins, somehow or other, under the lintels of the Treasury. An unintentional admission. That mendacious Abolition sheet, the Phila delphia Bulletin, in a recent article stumbles on the truth in this wise : "The Republican leader? seem to think that they are not yet called on to do anything more than quietly defend their position, and attend to their ordinary Congressional business. None of them have offered any staillmg remedies for the troubles of the times, that task having been performed by those whose one thought is the preservation of union and peace." No, indeed ! None of them have offered anv remedies,:••startling" or otherwise, "for the troubles of the times." That is not their forte. They must attend to their "ordinary Congres sional business,"* such as devising ways and means to rob the Government, whilst thev man age by the cry of "stop thief 1" to divert atten tion trom their own peculations to innocent par ties. Thev must hatch new Abolition plots and involve the country in additional trouble on account of the great an d ever blessed ne gro. They must see to the parceling out of the spoils which they expect to obtain under Hon est Abe's administration. No, no ! They have no time to devote to "saving their country, no :nclinatiou to offer "startling remedies for the troubles of the times." They must attend to the interests of Black Republicanism, and, meantime, for all they caie, the country inav go to the devil. For political scoundrels like these, is a Tophet prepared, the burning where of shall consume every British Black Republi can traitor in the land. The Governor's Message. Our present issue contains the last annual message of his Excellency, Gov. VV. F. Packer, to the Legislatuie of Pennsylvania. It is an able and interesting document and will be read with satisfaction by men ot all parties. In many respects the administration of Gov. Packer has been an excellent one. Tt has certainly succeed ded admirably with the financial affairs of the Commonwealth. Begining with the monetary panic bequeathed to it in 1857, and laboring under the disadvantage of a reduction of one sixth of the State tax, Gov. Packer's administra tion has, notwithstanding these hardships, suc ceeded in reducing the debt of the Common wealth, two millions, two hundred ar.d thirty six thousand, eight hundred and eighty two dollars and fifteen cents. The taxpayers of Pennsylvania wll long rtmember,with grate ful hearts, the services of William F. Packer, in endeavoring to lift their burden from their shoulders. On national affairs the Governor makes many wholesome suggestions. We especially endorse his recommendation of the repeal ot the anti-Fugitive Slave Law, and of tlie restoration of the old laws of 1780, repeal ed in 1847, giving the mastpr, while sojourn ing in our State, for a period not exceeding six months, and when passing throush the State, the right to keep his slave with him. We also cordially second the Governor's proposi tion of a re-enactment of the uld compromise line of 1820, and ils extension to the boundary of California, by the insertion of an amendment to that effect, in the Ffdera! Constitution. The message deserves a careful and thorough peru sal. Pittsburg and Connellsville Failroad. We are indebted to Hon. A. L. Russell, o 1 i Pittsburg, Treasurer of the Pittsburg and Con- j nellsville Railroad Company, lor a copy of thp Eighth Anrtfla! Repoit of the President and Di rectors of said Company. Tlie pamphlet con-i tains an account of the last annual meeting of the Stockholders of the Company, from which we learn that the following named gentlemen were elected officers for the ensuing year : President, Benjamin H. Latrobe, of Baltimore ; Secretary and Treasurer, A. L. Russell, of Pittsburg ; Superintendent, Henry Blackstone, of Connellsville. The following is a list of the Directors chosen for the ensuing vear : Benja min H. Latrobe, Benjamin Deford, W. F. Mur dock, of Baltimore, Thomas Bakewell, Jbeeph renock, Charles H. PaulsoD, William Phillips, John Watt, Joseph VVoodwell, Pittsburg, Alex. Millar, Allegheny co., Pa., D. R. Davidson, Fayette co., Pa., and C. P. Markle, VVestm'd. Co., Pa. The Report of the President exhibits the linancial affairs of the Company as being in a very fair condition. The entire receipts of the company for the last year were §80,552. 81. The current expenditures for "maintain ing, working and administering the general af fairs of the road, during 4 the same time, were $59,511.55, leaving $21,04-1.26 as the clear income for the year, which has been used part ly in payment of claims on account of real es tate and right of way, partly in paying for the section of road connecting this road with the Fayette County Railroad, east of Connellsville, and the remainder on new machinery and buil dings absolutely necessary to enable the Com pany to earn its enlarged income." The ex penditures for construction and equipment, sur veys, right of way, and real estate, since the or ganization of the Company, in 1846, have been $1,866,691.10. of which $1,464,016.25 have been spent on the Western, $218,925.2S on the Eastern, and $183,7-1-9.57 upon the Turtle Creek Division. The Prestdeni say?, in concluding; his report, "Willi the extension into Pittsburg completed by the ensuing Spring, and the restoration, as we must hope, of the country to tranquility, and the money market to ease and abundance, and the confidence of moneyed men in an enter prise with such rare recommendations as this, fully engaged in its behalf, we cannot but hope for the most favorable result to our intended efforts to press the work on to Cumberland next 3'ear. In this move toward Baltimore, it is more than possible we may be helped ]by new interests in Eastern Pennsylvania and New York, which seem to be interesting themselves to unite our line, at its elbow near Cumberland with the existing direct route east of the Sus quehanna, through Keadinr, Allentown and Easton. Information has been received that au instrumental survey has just been complete,) of this route by Sherman's Valley and B-dford to Bndgport, on this road, which exhibits a line of great directness and easy grades." Bedford county is deeply interested in the completion of the Pittsburg and Connellsville Railroad, and her citizens ought not to be back ward in encouraging the Company in their en terprise whenever it is in their power to'do so. We look forward with biigfit anticipations to the day when our county sha!! I - i n direct railroad communication with I itisou and Bal timore. Local and Miscellaneous. ....SAD ACCIDENT—CHILD BURKED TO DEATH. —On Friday last a little daughter of Mr. Geo. Atkins, an employee in the Machine Shop, at Hopewell, was burned to death at her father's house in that place. The parents were both absent at the time the accident cccuurred the mother having gone out a sfiort time previ ous. It seems that the child's clothes causht fire from the stove, and were burn-d entirely off her body, her flesh being also completely charred. This is truly a sad accident and should warn us to be careful with children when about fires. lature is about to appropriate a million of dol lars to arm the militia of the State. Let this be done, and our neighbors, Maryland and Vir ginia, will b* compelled to take similar steps, which will at once tend to heighten the excite ment in those States. Besides, why are the peo ple to be taxed thus exorbitantly when Penn sylvania Iras no cause to be alarmed for the safe ty of any of her Constitutional rights ? The Legislature t had better fust repeal the odious Anti-Fugitive Slave Law, and endeavor to do justice to the South, before it attempts to com mit the people of Pennsylvania to coercion and civil war. . .. .AN EXTRAORDINARY SHOT.— On Wed nesday afternoon ot last week, Messrs. Adam Cam, Jacob Line, and John Stoutnour, of this place, went out to have a little recreation in the way of shooting at a mark. Having "bored" their target until it was unfit for use, a banter ensued among the party to shoot at a goose at a great distance from them, and seeming to be far beyond rifle range. Two shots were fired at it one by Mr. Cam striking it full in the neck and killing it instantly. On measuring the di-tance, it was ascertained to be 3162 3arc 1 ; • Who can beat it ? P. S. The owner of the slain fowl will please call upon either of the iparfv, prove his property, and he will be remunerated for his loss. ... .Judge DOUGLAS has delivered a speech in the Senate which seems to give general satis faction to the Democrats and Conservatives. He says the present difficult ies should be settled peaceably and that war is disunion. WP shall publish the speech at an early day, if able to obtain a correct copy. .. ~K. Al. Palmer, of Schuylkill county, has been elected Speaker of the Senate and Eiisha W. Davis of Venango count), Speaker of the House. .... We are under obligations to Hon. S. S. Wharton, of the Senate, and C. W. Aschom, Esq., of the House, for copies of the Legislative Record and other documents. . .. Legislature elected Edgar Cowan, of Westmoreland county, U. S. Senator, on Tuesday last. • . ... President Buchanan has appointed Mr Mclotyre, of York, Collector at Charleston. Legislative Jews. In the Slate Senate, on Friday, bills were read relative to bridges at Pittsburg, to incorpo late the American Engravers' Company, and concerning the borough of Birmingham. The joint committee on the Daily Record reported a contract with George Bergner to print it. General nominations for U. S. Senator were made, including Messrs. McMicbael, Cowan, Pollock, Wilmot, Stevens and others. The res olutions of Mr. Smith, of Philadelphia, relative to the maintenance of the Union, were taken up in Committee anil passed first reading A resolution was adopted inviting the clergymen of Harm-burg to open the daily sessions of the | Senate with prayer. A number of veto mes sages from the Governor were read. The Sen ate adjourned till Monday. In the House, the reports of the Auditor General and State Treas urer were presented. A petition was presen ted from citizens of the first Legislative district, contesting the seat ot Joseph Caldwell. Abra ham Stewart the contestant, alleges that fraud was committed, and that a recount of the bal lots, in certain divisions, will prove conclusive ly that he was elected. It was resolved to ap point an investigating committee on Wednes day next. Several messages received from the Governor, after which the House proceeded to consider the Luzerne contested election case.— A committee was drawn in the usual way, and will meet this afternoon. The House made gen eral nominations for U. S. Senator. Air. Thomas presented a petition from 11,000 citi zens of Philadelphia for the repeal of the Per sonal Liberty bill. The House adjourned till Alonday. THE GREAT FEMALE MEDICINE. —The functional irregularities peculiar to the weaker sex, are inva riably corrected without pain or inconvenience by the use ofJudson's Mountain Heib Pills. They are the safest and surest medicine for all the diseases incidental to females of all ages, and more especial ly so in this climate. Ladies who wish to enjoy health should always have these Pills. No one who ever uses them once will allow herself to be without them. They re move all obstructions, purify the blood and give ro the'sktn that beautiful, clear and healthful look so greatf y admired in a beautiful and healthy wo man. At certain periods these Pills are an indis pensable companion. From one to four should be take n each day, until relief is obtained. A few do ses occasionally, will keep the system so healthy, ami the blood so pure, that diseases cannot enter the body. JI DSON'S MOUNTAIN HERO PIT.I.S \RA AOT.D RY ALL MEDICINE DEALERS.

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