VOLUME 57. X i;W SERIES. BY 11. F. HEYUas, At the following tarma, to wit < $1.50 per annum, CASH, in advance. $2.00 " " if paid within the year. $•2.50 " " if not paid within the year. subscription taken tor less than six months. paper discontinued until all arrearages are paid, unless at the option of the publisher, it has peen decided by the United States Courts,tha: the stoppage of a newspaper without toe payment ol ar rearages, is prima facit evidence oi fraud and is a criminal offence. f£fThe courts have decided that persons are ac countable for the subscription price of newspapers, it they take them from the post office,whether 'hey subscribe tor them, or not. RATES OF CHARGES FOR ADVER TiSING. Transient advertisements will be inserted at the rat" of $l.OO per square of ten lines for three inser tions, or les r , but for every subsequent insertion, 25 cents pw square will be charged in addition.— fable and figure worK doable price. Auditor's notices ten lines an<l under, SI.OO ; upwards often tines and under fifteen $1.50. Libvial reductions imrfe to persons adveitising by the year. From the Journal of Commerce. TtiE TWO ERAS. ACRIL 19th, 1775, AND APRIL 19th, 1801. The Say State bled at Lexington, But every drop that ran, By trans-nutation strange and strong. Sprang up an armed man ; Sprang up, indomitably firm, And multiplied and spread, "Fill Freedom's amaranthine crown Knwrealh'd our country's head. Vet, when the burn of Lexington Who kept their natal day. Were writing fourscore years and six Upon then annal grey, I he Bay State bled at Baltimore,— Wherefore,! may not speak ; l or sad and tender memories rush From heart to rnoisten'u cheek. And sighs ol boried fathers break The co d, sepulcnril bed, And hideous harpies clap their wings When brothers' blood is shed : * \r.d stars that to their courses sang, Their constellations sbroud, And wind-home echoes cry forbrar From yonder c'.oven cloud : While contrite souls from holy church avlaUM hearth-stone prav 1 hut He who rules above the skies Would turn his wrath away, And rule the spirit that ol old The shepherd Abe! slew, And link the hands in loving clasp, Xoiv red with battle-dew : Yea, ail our nation's sins remit, And bid His judgments cease, And in His own good time restore The blessed balm ol peace.— L. H. S. H irtford, Onn., Friday Evening, April 19th. THE HOUSE"i>KAEER'S STORY. Many veirs ago, before the -ra ol railroads, and when highwaymen abounded along the great southern route from Kentucky, a drover who had been to the "lower country'" with a large drove ot horses, which he had sold lor cash, was overtaken by night, on return, near Springfield, in the county of Rifierison, Tennessee. He remembered that a little d:s lance ahead was a quiet inn he had never stop ped a', antl he determined to spend the niglii there. As. he rode up lo the house, the landlord, a iexpectable looking person, received] his horse md led htm away to the stable, while he invi ted the di -ver to enf- r the public siting room, Here In tound two young men, one ol whom from his resemblance to the laridi >rd, lie recog nized as his son ; the other, somewhat older, Irom his manners, appeajed also to belong to the family. Immediately alter supper, (du ring which the drover stated where he had been md what luck he had rr.i-t with,) the son moun \ed a horse, and slating that he was going to Springfield to stay all night, rode off. The Ken'uckiaii, having looked after the comfort ot his horse, soon alter requested the landlord to show him to his room, which was done As the traveller slipped oft his garments, he ielt for the leathern belt about his waist to see that it was secure. This contained his gold, while his paper money was contained in a large wallet, carried in a pocket madt for the purpose in the inside of his vest. Depositing these articles beneath his pillow, be extinguish ed the light, and threw himself upon the bed, when, overcome by the weaiineis, he soon fell asleep. How long he had been in this state of forget fulnesshe could not tell, when he \a3 aroused to wakefulness by the sound as ot some person endeavoring to open the window near the head of his bed. At the same time, he heard sup pressed voices without, as of several persons in whispered consultation. Startled by this suspicious appearance of things, the drover reached towaid the chair, on which he had thrown his clothes, for his weap- j on*, when, to his dismay, he remembered that ; oo ins arrival, when preparing to wash off" the dust ol his journey, he had lain them aside within the bat, and had neglected to resume them. Scarcely conscious of what lie was doing, the defenceless drover slipped from the Got of the bed and hid himself in the darkness behind a lot of women's dresses suspended from the walls ot the house, and watched the motions of a man who waa now slowly and cautiously entering til's room, tie even fancied he could detect the reflection ol the dim light upon an unpraised knite, as the man approached the bed, with staggering and uncertain steps. But great was his relief, when, instead of an attempt at mur der, the intruder carelessly shuffled off his clothes, and throwing himself into the bed he had just vacated, w as soon buried in deep slum ber. Tlie man was evidently drunk, as h.s loud, sonorous bieatliiitg plainly indicated. Not knowing what to make of this strange affair, the drover determined to dress himself, call up the landlord, and have this singular in trusion explained, He had reached his clothes, and slipped on his trowsers, and was moving toward the door, when step* were heard cau tiously crossing the outer room. Once more* h.- sought the shelter ol the dresses, which com pletely screened his person, and awaited the entrance of the persons, whoever they might be. Presently the dopr of the room "was si lently opened, dfid two men made their appear ance. It was not so dark but that the drover could readily distinguish them to be the inkee per and the man that he had seen at the supper .able. "Step lightly, I tell you," whispered the landlord, "or you'll wake him up, and then we'll have a pretty mess on our hands !" "Wake !" replied the other, with an oath. A man that snores like that, I reckon, nut easily awakened. Yer scared, old man !" "Scared 1" repeated the first speaker. "No man ever before told J >hn Garner he was sca rd ! Here—give me the knife ! I'll show yMI who is scared! You secure the money it's i rider the pillow—l saw him put it there ind I IJ do the rest !" The old man was in advance, and as he ;tood between the window and the drover, the latter could see his form bent over the t * ' whirr? iiia u'auU seerm d to Be searching beneath lie pillow. "Heie, Bill—take it. Here's the wallet, ind here's the belt. My God, how heavy it s !"and he passed the money to his companion jefore the other had yet reached the bedside. The oli. man then put his hand to his bosom, and the tumbling drover saw him draw forth ihelong blade the other had given liirn. For au instant the murderous weapon was poised over hi-- head, and tlieu descended with a his sing sound upon the person ol the poor wretch i:.- the bed. Another and another stroke fol lowed in rapid succession. A half stifled groan a few gasping sobs escaped the dying man, a convulsive tremor of the bedclothes, and all w as quiet. The murderer paused in hi 3 bloody work for an instant, as if to satisfy himself that life was extinct, and then, with fiendish deliberation, urew down the to make all sure, passed the knife lrom ear to ear across the throat of his victim. Then wiping the instru ment upon th sheets, the villain moved quick ly from the room. As soon as the sound ot the footsteps had died in the distance, the horror-stricken drover escaped through the window, and run with all speed to the neighboring village, where, arrou sing the people of the hotel, he told his fearful stor\. A small crowd was soon collected about and when enough of the Gets had been oitiiereJ, they accompanied him to the scene ol the foul murder. All about the house was still, bul on ap proaching the stable a light was discovered within ; and moving noiselessly to the door, and peering through the cracks, the two murderers were tound in the act of digging a grave be neath the flooring. A rush was made upon them, and they were arrested. At the sight of tie drover, who was the first to confront the guilty wretches, the landlord uttered a shriek of terror, and fell to the ground, while his accomplice, pale as a corpse, gazed upon him with affright, not doubting it was the ghost ol the murdered man who stood before him. The parly now proceeded to the house, drag ging the two murderers along with them. The family was by this time alarmed, and the wife and daughter ol the landlord, together with the servants ol the house, ignorant of the terrible crime that had just been enacted so near them, inquired into the cause of the disturbance. Lights were procured, and, still keeping the prisoners with them. the people entered the I room where lay the body of the man so strange- I|y m urdered instead of the horse-dealer. The i wife and daughter followed. ' When the bloody covering was removed from the face of the corpse, and the full light of the cacrdle glared upon it, a wild cry burst from the lips of the landlord's wife. "•% son ! my murdered ton ! Who hat done thisV' And with a hysterical scream, she fell instc sible to the floor. "•No no ' it can't be so, mother," exclaimed the daughter, as she struggled to reach the bed. But the terrible truth burst upon her, as her eyes fell upon the mangled form of her brother, and she also swooned upon fhe body. Hie cries of the broken-heat ted females seem ed to arouse the old man for a moment, and ga zing wildly at ttie sight before him, he also re alized the terrible truth- he had murdered bis own son. On investigation of the facts before the ma gistrate of Springfield on the following day, i' was ascertained that the son of the innkeeper, who was a dissipated young man, had visited the town on the previous evening, where will. iome of his associates, he had been engaged in drinking and gambling till a late hour ; at?.: being too much intoxicated to remount his hors. and ashamed to meet his family, some of hi iellow gamblers had accompanied him home, end supposing the room in which the drover had been put to be vacant, they assisted the drunken man into the window. It was their voices the lodger had heard ; and thus it was that the hapless youth met his death—and our friend providentially escaped. The accomplice of the landlord proved to b his son-in-law. Fiom that awful hour the wretched mother ol that murdered boy, murdered by his father's hand, remained a raving maniac. It is only necessary to add, in concluding •his tale of horror, that the drover recovered his monpy ; and luslice, claiming her due, the twc murderers paid the penalty of their crime up on the gallows. Shortly after this last even! the people of Springfield, to whom the scene o tde unnatural murder had become an eysore assembled and leveled the buildings to the ground. The spot is now covered with bram bles and thistles, and pointed out *lo the stran ger as a place to be avoided ! lor the ignoranl assert that it is haunted by the ghost of tin murdered son. LOUD lULMFRSTUN L.VIV X nVL RLtiS, Lord Palmerston's remarks relating to the United States are thus reported : There is but one spot in the political hori zon, the contemplation of wnich must inspire ns with regret and uneasiness. I mean those convulsions which are now taking place among our cousins in North America, leading to a dissolution ol the union of the formerly United States. It is not for us to say whal onght to be, whether co mprornises ought to bf made by which the Union may be maintainec or whether it is best for the happiness of the sections that they sbonld separate, and farm respectively different associations and con federacies. But of this lam sure, everj man who hears jme, every British heart, will feel that it is our coidial wish that, whatever may be the ultimate result of the differences now prevailing, that result may be brought about by amicable adjustments, and that the world may be saved from the afflicting specta cle of seeing brothers armed against brothers, and parents against children, and of seeing that state of social happiness which erto been the admiration of mankind, deformed by disputes; and a country which has heen the scene of peace and industry, polluted by the effusion of blood. [Cheer?.] TREASON DEFINED IN PENNSYLVA NIA. IJarritburg , April 12.—Tlie bill defcmng and punishing treason passed the State Senate to-day. It prohibits any citizen taking a mili tary commission from the enimies of the United Ssates, or engaging i n any plot or conspiracy, or traitorous correspondence, or furnishing arms under penalty of ten years imprisonment aud five thousand dollars fine. Any person selling vessels to the enemy, or fitting out pri vateers, suffers fivtj years' imprisonment and five thousand dollars fine. All the officers of the Pennsylvania volunteers are to take the oath ol allegiance to the United States in thirty days. Any officer refusing to do so will be at once deprived of his commission. I can't undertake, wife, to gratiij all your whims ;it would be as much as my life is worth.' "Oh, sir, that's nothing,' she replied. (U"A teacher had been explaining to his class the points of the compass. All were drawn up in front towards the north. 'Now, what is before you John V 'The north, sir. What is behind you, Torn ?' 'My coat tail, sir,' said he, trying at the same time to gat a glimpse of if. <EF"Jonathan. Hallo, neighbor! what i* ye gwoyn dew with that air keewhide? Zeik 'whoy, I've got tarnation cretur of a boiev What for get, to go to skule, and I want to jo( , his memory. Freedom of Thought and Opinion. BEDFORD, PA. FRIDAY MORNING, MAY 3,1861. From the Heme Journal. MATRIMONIAL FELICITIES
BY AN IRRITABLE MAN. "My dear," I said to the lady who was op posite to me at the breakfast table, and who has the good fortune to be my wife, "if there be one thing I dislike more than another, it is to re ceive a cup of coffee that looks as if it had been sipped from before it reached my hands. Have ! not often asked you to fill my cup to within an eighth of an inch of the rim, and not give it to me half or three quarters full ?" '•You are as particular as an old bachelor," the estimable lady replied, "and if I had known It before I married you, this day would not have seen me your wife. There sir, is your cup of coffee, f hope it will suit you." "Good gracious !" 1 exclaimed, as I took the cup, "now you've managed to run it over. You ceioinly must be aware that if there is one thing f d.siike more than another, it is to find slop in my saucer." "Well if you will insist on my filling the cup, you must expect that sometimes I shall spill it over ; besides, your finding fault with me does no good, but makes me nervous, and caus-.-s my hand to tremble, so that I only won der that there is any coffee left in the cup. But here is a clean saucer in place of the on e you have." Having effected this important change, I tas ted the contents of my cup. It was evident to ire (bat there was no sugar in it. I tasted it a gaiu to make certain of the fact. Then I said to her: "Yoj have neglected to put sugar into my coffee. It there be one thing I dislike more than anolbei, it is coffee unsweetened." "I am certain," replied rny estimable spouse, "that I did sweeten it. 1 don't 'hink you have. "3ut 1 have," I answereu. "Not with your spoon," said the provoking worn in, "lor it is perfectly dry ; perhaps, how ever, you used your fork." "Pshaw," was all the answer if vouch safed t-V this remark. "Now, I declare," I said, after having stir .ed and sipped my coffee, "you have made it -f to have my coffee'tade fike syrup." "Let me put more milk in it, then l " replied the obliging woman. "No, I thank you," "I don't care to have my stomach turned into a dairy. If there be one thing I dislike more than another, it is milk. I gave up milk diet when I cut my first teeth." "It is to be hoped that you will give up the idea of fault finding, which you possess in an eminent degree, when you come to cut youi wisdom teeth, though no one can tell when that will be." "Thank you," I replied ; you will probably >e the first who will know when it occurs." "And a happy day it will be for me," she answered with provoking calmness. "Few know, though, how much unhappiness your tonstant fault finding causes me. Nothing I lo seems to give you satisfaction. There isn't j moment elapses, while you are in the house, sive when j-ou're asleep, but you are thus oc cupied. The truth is I have always been too in dulgent wth you, and humor you when I ought tot. I did nht circmence right in the first pace. 1 should have paid no attention to your ihims, but studied inv own convenience and omfoit, instead of seeking to make everything snooth and pleasant for you. Then I would hive got along much better. Oh, you men are geat tyianfs ; and if a woman yields to you in lie least, yon follow up your advantage, and bend her will to yours, and crush her spirit to the earth; till, by and bj, you break her hiart." "My dear, I will thank you for another cup o coffee," I said, passing my cup to her ; "bat b< careful not to run it ovpr, nor get it too sjeet, nor put in too much milk. What an in toerable this is," I added ; "it is tough e mugh to have been cut from one of the cattle patured upon a thousand hills, siore than a tbusand years ago. If there be one thing I dilike more than another, it is tough beef stak." "You ordered it yourself, from the market, so yci needn't find fault with me on account of ifil knew it was tough the moment I looked at it "Then why didn't you send it back ?" I in. qUred. ('Because, as it was your own selection, I sujposed you wanted a tough one ; besides, if I ba| returned it, you would have found fault wlh me for doing so." "Well, I can't eat it, that's certain," I said ; "$ it had better be taken off the table. I shn't throw any more money away on beef steaks. "Ob, it will answer for hash," said my eco nmical wite, "and you can have it for din- Of. "Hash l exclaimed. "If there be one thing I dislike more than another, it is hash. Hash is only fit for children and old people without teeth. Besides, it 13 a ]x>pular dish at boarding schools and boarding houses ; and when I was a boy, and afterward while a bach elor, I ate my share of it, and I'm not going to eat any more. No, we will have a turkey for dinner.'" "Very well," said my spouse, "a turkey let it be. Shall I see to getting one ?" "1 think not I answered. "The fact is, that all the turkeys you select turn out to be like the celebrated one of which Job was the repu ted ownet—poor and tough. No, I'll buy the turkey, and you can cook it." "Very well," said the imperturbable la dy. "But how will you have it cooked ?" "Oh,any way; suit yourself; 1 answer ed. "I hen I think I will roast it," she replied. "Roast it!" I exclaimed. "That is just like y°u. Now, you know if there be one thing I dislike more than another, it is to have a tur key roasted." ery well, then," said the accommodating woman,"! will boil it." "Boil it !" I said aghast. "Boil soup, boil lamb chops, boil cherries, if you like, but nev er, for me, boil a turkey." "Pray, then, how will you have it cooked ? Only tell me and it shall be done." "Why—why—well—fricasee it, of course," I answered triumphantly. -"Very well," said the lady, looking, howev er, as if it were not very well. "Why can't you say something else besides "very well ?" I asked. "What a provokiDg woman you are, to be sure." "Not hall as pfovoking as you are," she re plied. "Now, then, you wish to nr.ake me angry, I suppose ; but you can't do it," I said. "I have put up with everything all thro' breakfast, and I am not going to be provoked just as I am fin ishing." "I am sure I dot wish to provoke you," mv wife said in a most innocent and aggrieved manner. "But you most certainly do provoke me," I replied. • -A " Ther. I am for it," she answered, in a softened tone, "for such was not my inten tion." I looked across the table at my wife ; some thing like a tear roll_ed r dowv.bfw/ibf¥;ki i made my wife weep. What—a—what—a— brute I am. Then, speaking aloud, I exclaimed : "Darling !" "Well," was her calm reply. "Do yoj know," I continued, "that it there be one thing I dislike more than another, it is a tear." She answered, simply with a sad smile. "Sweetheart," I said. "Well 1" "Cook the turkey any way you please." She shook her head. I left my seat, (having finished my breakfast,! went to her side, and, smoothing her pale, wan cheek with my hand, kissed it and said : "Forgive me, dear, this tune." She smiled dubiously, as if "this time" was only one out of the "seventy-times seven" which she would be called on to forgive du ring our matrimonial carter ; but, neverthe less, the pressure of her band which I had ta ken, assured me that peace was made. WHO SYMPATHIZE WITH THE SOUTH J There i 3 no person at the North who loves in? country and his flag, that sympathizes with treason or rebellion. Secession has had lew, if any, advocates or apologists here. There are certain journals which have been studious ly represented as conniving at secession, hut which nevertheless, have vigorously opposed it from the fust. They have warned, advised, and expostulated with the South, against any such suicidal step, for they deemed the Lfnion paramount to everything else. There are those here who have been charged a3 sympathizing withj the South, because, deprecating civil war—and such a civil war as can only be fought by Americans—they have earnestly advocated a ->olicy of peace, conciliation, mutual concess ion, in hope that the integrity of the Union might be preserved thereby. But if hope is extinguished and if civil war has become the only alternative, there is but one course to be pursued. Our firesides are here; our flag, our country, our government, are here; and it is our duty (and we accept it as such,) to protect those firesides, to defend that flag, and sustain that Government. We have prayed that this cup of bitterness might never be filled. We hoped that our Southern brethern might either be brought back to their former voluntary position in the Union, or else be permited to%o in peace. Rather thac civil war, we would have had those who chafed under the rule of the U. S. Government, recog nized as an independent Confederacy,yet living in amity, and allied to us by all those interests which have bound us hitherto. But another destiny seenr.s to await us. At all events, we are vigorously preparing lor war, and must con tinue to prepare for it. True, the South has not yet invaded the free States at any point. There have been rumors of an attack upon WHOM) \IIEHi: 15 2948. Washington and also Cincinnati ■ but none has yet been made ; and it is at this moment a mat ter of doubt, we suspect, whether any such an attack -a intended, or whether the demonsta tion made, and the threats which are said to havedeen uttered, were not designed as a feint, to prevent too large a force from being sent to the Southern ports, until the Secessionists there could complete their fortifications. But how ever this may be, onr government did righ' in summoning a large force to defend the Capital , and would have neglected its duty, had it failed lo do so. The whole North will sustain it in doing all that may be necessary to defend not only the capital, but every portion of the non-seceded States. And if, "for this end, it should accumulate so large as not only trdeler the South from invasion but also to dispose them lor any honorable teuns of peace, rather than eocounter the hazards and horrors of a ferocious war, it will be an auspicious result. One thing the South viz, that to the ex tent above indicated, the North is now a per fect unit in sentiment. And further. that if an attempt should be made upon Washington or any other free territory, the same public senti ment will justify retaliation ia any kind, if the South indulge the thought that in any ag gressive movement, armed co-operatim may be expected from any portion of the North, the sooner they rid themselves of this fatuity, the better it will be for both sections, and thesoou er will the issue be cleared up, There is no easy road to victory through a divided North. 1 olitics make strange bed-lellows now j or * rather, politics are altogether ignored, and par tisans have united en masse for the common weal. V\ e cannot but hope£thal when both parties behold the vast proportions that the war will assume, in case the two sections shall be brought into deadly conflict with each other, the counsels of peace will prevail, and an ad justment of differences be made, IQ some way honorable lo both parties. And we are the more encouraged to hope this, when we see in leading Republican papers, as we occasionally do, such sentiments as the followiog : _ From the (ford Courant '-"Oocopjp— uaiij ( ] own i n favor of the reccg.t.cion of the new Lonjea~„ C y by jn e Federal Gov ernment. The thought or a bloody and pro tracted civil tear,except as a matter of absolute necessity, is ABHORRENT to all , and its issues may be us perilous to the victors as to the van quished. To subjugate the seceded States by lorce of arms and to compel them to remain in the Union, if it be possible, must involve great expenditure of treasure, of lile, and can result only in changing the present alienation into deadly hostility and incurable hate. If they ' remain in the Union, they must do so as peers of the other States, AND NOT AS CONQUERED PROVINCES. But here a new peril meets us. Do we not by the recognition of the Southern Coufedercy, recognize the principal of secession? No. Seven States have seceded from the Union. The act it revolutionary, and may justly be punished with all the severity which the crime of unprovoked revolution demands. The pres ent Administration must deal with the matter as it stands ; not simply as a queston of consti tutional law, but also, as a question of practical politics. The forcible subjugation of these States, under existing circumstances, is NOT TO EE THOUGHT OF. We learn that a sermon much in this vein was preached in Northampton, Mass., by Rev. Mr. Eddy, of that town, on the occasion of the recent Fast; and that it was generalv ap proved, even in that rather ultra Republican community. The sermon i 3 lo be printed. It was a parallelism between the present secession and that often tribes in ILhoboam's day, from the original Union, which was thereby reduced to the Two Tribes ol Judah and Benjamin. Rehoboam was going to fight the ten tribes back into the Union, but the Lord through his prophet, commanded him not to do so.— Y. V- Journal of Commerce. [C?*"" Fat her," said a little boy, "I know how to fire off the guns and cannons of eaith —but who is tall enough to tuch off thun der ?" a scribbler has become, in his old age, a pensioner upon others, trom not having been able in earlier years to "pen shun" him self. [£F"Entering atruit store, a gentleman took up a tropical fruit and politely asked what it was. The very rude and abrupt reply was— "Man-go !" [fF"To make excellent jam—squeeze six or 1 eight women, now-a-days, tuto a common stage j coach. (TF**"! think Ihave seen you before, sir ; are you not Owen Smith ?" j "Oh, yea I'm owin' Smith, and owin' Jones, and owin' Brown, and owin' everybody." [GP~A little boy of some seven summers be ing asked in Sunday school, 'What is the chief end of man ?' answered : 'The end whata got the head on.' VOL. 4 NO. 38.