Newspaper of Bedford Gazette, January 31, 1862, Page 1

Newspaper of Bedford Gazette dated January 31, 1862 Page 1
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VOUJJfSE NEW SERIES. THE HSuFORD GAZETTE IS'PUBFCL-BED I. CLLY FJMDAV MORNING BY n V R. F. !T2 KITiUS, At th" !' in terms, to wit: $! .SO .nnum, CASH, in advance. s2.o' • " if pant within the year. s2."<) " " if notpaid within the year. ' 03"~N •' -übsovption taken lories? than six months, it- ■ ° paprr discontinned until all arrearage* are, id , unless at the option of the publisher, it i Ms i-en decided by the United States Court? that ' ? stoppage of a newspaper without the payment c! arrearages, is prima facie evidence of fraud and is a 'rimi-jal offence. ii' 7-.r■ courts have decided that persons are ac countable for the subscription price o! iievv-pa it they take tbetn from the post office, wheth . r trey subscribe tor them, or not. . A ffcQ OF-CHARGES FOR ADVER TISING. Tr?' rteiit advertisements Will be inserted at the rate u - i .00 per square often lines i'or three in-er- ; tiotr? i>r less, but for every subsequent insertion, 25cents per square will be charged in addition.— i'db'e and figure wortc double price. Auditor's r.oti "n line.- and under, $1.0;) ; upwards often line nr. . under fifteen $1.50. Liberal reductions j m o'. to persons edvettising by the year. TIIE PUBLIC THIEVES p-scSi of Mr. Dawes on CornijUitns in Coa tracts for Use Araiy. 21 ■ Speak®?, tin t J! -,y Con>ivvi onil life op ki irm-stiji tiu* c ur.nt t •', in one wjs ever yet raued ! tin > resoi it ton w tever cairi-'d i ?. .t mv ;-'i calling lor inquiry, no motion | ./as ever !e by *jv, th result ol which fus *eS •'! I lOVesfig4tnr by lb IS II >H UD I yet i inv • t nt it was proper 1 ir me to specie, in , o.'to dec line the ' >-vice that has been im- I p i 'ip n n:e. BiI f• ? again that ft tvw in- j cumb-nt o;on rn-- t > disch-ir- ■ i 1 .rlesslv and cheei i;il!y, ,o vi-ver ouch tn riiScition an ! lis - cunrsfiiure might to ne trim it. Sir, I have not itiled io notice, and I believe , the committee of wiii- n 1 a:n a member hiv** ; oot !ai ! ed to notice, m common wi'h the whole . • v t rn" for some unaccountable reason I lie j ■r ■- -an tie* naf inai tree- .y, at this tin * y •?, have f>. n -orb *- t n*aii Jv the b >ii i( the pu'dic cht t. Du: ■ our mves gaiion St ai fling fuels have co :. >re a no- ; lice oi tnrs committee, ar: 1 to the notice of i.he j whole country, touching th® m• Je a i l r \ ne the arrypenditui* of the public money. Is ,rn-* ■ o* th-se iterhs I propose to call public alien;, m , to, aa-i then t > a>k gentlemen the plain q i •?- ti >n. whers'fftey purpose to m-et this question, if at ad, in*! if so, how, when and where, Th very first contract en>r -rf by this govi-rn * its ot, ait r lb.* troops had left their h xr.*-s 1 . i"> ne here in A r rii last, lo defend the Capitol, Ly whih they were tn he fed, was a contract fotereu ::u > for cattle. It was not made with a mm w , 'se bo-mess it w&; to sttrsj ly caftl-to ti;e market, not vvitii a man vho kne v th - price of Ivef in the mar Rets of ti;-* c un'r.. but was • entered into by the govec.m nt !;rie with a man well known in this,and in trie other branch j 0 Congiess, lor the !a,t t, n years, a an o'd - .11;cuI afipep.diny oa- ■! the class of m. 'i| who, in tim-s pas', ma F- tiieir m>ney by socfi cuerafions as bttvmg !ne certificates o> m * n- 1 hers (or books a', a discunt ar;{ then c, r ;ing >ib full aoiount. l itis contract was ma !*?o | bat ike fir f t twenty-two hundred h--a iof ca".!e j ( \iiab~d was charged at a rate u hi< t enabled i i>- original contrac'nr to lb-let i', in twen- j iy-fotir hours after, t i n mm in New Voik wis . did know the price •*,•> that lie put i r. liii pockets, without s'trimg I om iiis chair, tlm'v-two tfi uiij i : d-.liars, anJ the tner. wkoj actually fm-ni.- .e,i -he cattle in questi>n pot in to th-ir p"i' twenty-sis thousand dnli-ir.-; mofe, so ii; ■ contract under which these i twenty-tw r . . mdied head oi caltle w re tor- j nished >■ in- army was so made that the profit j 01 fifn--oght thousand dollars was rea!ir.-<i over j the fan market prfce. It takes a longer time | to e. , |e a thousand head of cattle to react) this n'\ from the States where thev are ptuchase i j tnari it takes the army to consume them, j ; k the House, at this rate, to consider lio.v long! most ample provision of the Treasury would ' i>e able to meet the simple demands for the sab ers eiice of the army. Sir. poorly ss the army j? shod to-day, a million more are b-ing m.inu- ! ict'ore.j, and yet upon every one of tfies*s!i I-*I | ;i. * js been a W3s'.e of sewnty-five cents.; 'i'i 'iv arters nl a million of d ,!iar< have been j al . worn out, and another three quarters of; am; n of dollars n ( x>n shoes i? now being • tn*r. iiactured. In that deparlmeot of the gov- ; crnm-nt, contracts have Weil -o plenty that j government ollicials have gone about the streets with tie ir pockets filled with them, and of j artiitn 'tiey made presents 'o t fie cbrgymen of j th- ir i-at ishes, and with which were healed old ; political sores and cured poli'ical feuds. Even j be teb'graph has announced that high public 1 ji... tionaiies have graced the love leasts which > v . got un to celebrate these political recoti- i ril .tiers, thus brought about while the hatchet j •; poiiuoal animosity was buried in the giave j .. p .he t.' '. fence, an! the national credit j "■u'.iu-d u ;?t malefactors. VVe have r*- , .red to be first fruits of on- of these con- ' •.-act. A regi*;--nt of cavalry lately reached ; Louisville, one thousand strong, and the board of a my officers there appointed for the purpose hat > condemned four hundred - and eighty-five j out ( I the thousand horses as utterly woith! *ss. | Tt.e man who exami ned horses declared, : upon iis oath, that there was not one of them that was worth twenty djilars. Thev were, bitud, spavined, nngbon J, afflicted with the[ hi-avi-s, with the glan le , and with every dis- ' eire that hoise-Hesh i9tl. i 1 to. These four hun- ; ■o j eigidy-five horses cost the gave nm .t, . .e t' wet- muUred i ;'u the si-;'vice, tit t ht thousand two hundred dollars, l)"s: :e- , is -rt- than an addi'ioral thou mil dollars to < <ansport theni ficm Fennsyivann to Lou ovule, where they were condemned arid cat offi &ir. MALLOW* (Union,) of Ky., asked w!iat regiment these horses belonged to and who iur oi>hed them ? iTr. DAWES —i hey oeloiigtj fo C l. Wdiiams' regi ner.t of cavalry, a id tbT were pnrchised j in' Pennsylvania, lrorn wlnli state they were f irwanl-*;! t> Liuisvill -, wfij > they were con deinaed. There are eighty-! iree reg-'inent? of cavalry t -Jav,one tliousanj stroi-g. It take? j two hundred and fifty thqiLnd dj)l!t?3 to pui one of these regiments on f j bej>re ii m >v. s. Twenty million ot d-ii'ars 1 pre thus been e.\- p-nJe 1 6*l thes • cavalry reg iienta >.-fjre they • left the encampment? where ttiev were inns'e;- f d into ser i -e, and hundred ari I hundreds of fhe.-:- h rnsea have been cond- hej ami sent back ; to I.nnira, and to Annupoiii and to this citv, to spend the winter. Any I day fuindieds of them can !)•> s-en round lib city, chained'to tries, vvii'ue they were left ) starve to deatii. | (Tings of two hundred horse 111 various places, | have been thus left to die anßr .?, t.ii lit." C ti ; trutteeon the District of CmLnbia have called i f >r a measure of legislation |t> piolect the ct'y fi-;;n 'he tlanger to he appreLnded from t!i*.-e hors- G-jfgothas. An ex-G ifiner of one S.a'tv [ oil red an ex-Ju irje of auotijp State five ti'ou ' sin.l dollats to get htm p ■rt.tinon to rais • 00 * jof these regiments ot cavalri, an I when tile ex-Judge brought bacK the iLiinus-ion the e.\- G jyenior takes it to his roomSf the hotel, while another plunderer sits at tit--y-bofe watciiinj* like a mistuf while he insidl -aunts up fjiiy thousand dollars profit on thtftorsgs, and calcu late t vvriuv th iiiaand dollarsrore upm theac cooff'emeri.s att lon the utheis-tails o! fuio;.sli t '"g th— ' regiments. In a Jd: mto the arm? j in the hands oi six hundred giousand svldiers in the field, there are tiumeroloutstanding enn tracls, made with private irulipiual? not made upon a writs? .n-it, not m ekwith the t-. n- r!- • euge oi the pub. e, ; ; m da V ex-members of jC o • r.*ss, who knew no mo*-f f tiie difference between one class .i' ir:v- 1! aooiher than d. s.l 21 1 1hod Ist minister, f. re are oufstand | ;ng c iniracls 1 .1 the manulatere of Springfield rr,u-liH the first one of wliiii cannot be de . iivmred in x months from t;4. day. Th .e i> | a cutia: t for the supply oi|ne million and ninety muskets, at f venty-eiat dollars apiece, when th- Mm* qualify of tinket3 ate inanu factured at SpriUgfi ;1 i r tl teen an i a iiaif a ie ;-; and an ol Cngress is now in ; Alas -tl-', trying to nKhinery made bv j which ht* will be able in six fouttis Ii -nc, to futniv!) il d 1 dollars apiece, Cf< * rifle.) m isßets , mauttfac'.uied to-day in .hat ajrmry f>r thirteen j d*.-i s and a ha.f. Pr -vi-.trce, before six months, Will dis; of tiuLvar, or He vvill Jisp se of us. Not one of inoskets thus j contract, -i fir wiii ,f tf*e j* .st s-r'ic >in ttiis entergeucy, bef >-e 4 : j. uc.- ol G1 , wficl , i for g .Jii 01 t -r evil fell .. •of it. f asi; 11. y 1< i uus from ! e NNtti an i N 1:r;i --ec. / how they expect to beu-b. by an iir.noiy il C - cogo, al Island .and at Quiucy, wtiejj u nuiii.n ami mnrty-tw| th ius.m.l mus ket- wiii, arc 1 cling to this cntrac!, be thrown i up n th* cou .try, ..nd tfut afti!ie iva; .? over, and at such an etiormous pries 111 ad :it ion to j oih-r oats'ariding contracts lor Minanof ac ir*, hence, ~t t -.vo imndt i an.! veaty - |tw.i E iii-i-t rid-,. L-i-i.-s these are ;se veil) v-ii e 1 :i usa-.- J !i. .* •10-! ai I 1 \ - 1 t re.-- ■ .f iuiaeas, t-i ; • d-*f|-r- I>y ui i be, d Lie tost of one ni!:u:i ni;* hundrt ) .m i s • iglit th ;usa:i.i t ur ha ired and I->r*- six duhis. I iiav- n*)t time t enumerate a'l ttp'se contracts. When w.- ajaop:iated, at (he ; fast ses>toti of Congress, for Iff purpose, tiven* • 'y mifli >ns of collars, thirty-A'en inilit .ns ao*i one ihuusau i dollars had fc ei aireadv pb'dg -1 10 contincl lis —not for taeturcbase ol arms | for Lie rn- >1 in the fi d, nor tt protect tbegi n: fighting tin ir country's battif in this great e ; indi gency and peril, but I*>r nue future use, i foi soirie in ure occasiun, or t iir eel some pres ! eut nerd of the contractors, 1 An't know which u tins m un-it. And not on la the appropria-' t.on ot l i t session has been > i anst-'d, but sev en teen tr.iliforis put Upon it.: I'm* riot of the 1 19th of Apnt in t>.i (iinrre oj-ned liiis nail, ; an J on the Hist of April, io t|- city of New 101k, Iheie was a f ,! ps of plunder ers ol the Treasury. Two niiuuns of dollars were entrusted to a poor, uttlf 'un . e, tion-->l, iUt ir. u'.-iy incompetent ediif ot a paper tn New \o;k, I - uispeiise it in m.iyner he | c juf.i. Straightway this gent| man t->: i purchase 100 n pautal-Dons, sfi*-v, L :id ui ; porter, dri-d herrings, and sucl like provisions | / >1 the tinny, tili lie cxpendi-dli '..lis way Hirer ; hundred and niiirty thousand iltlarsof the 1,0- 1 u-y, and inert tie got scared ai| quit. (Langu ter.) There is an appropriatij n:?J, lor the supply oi wood to the army. , I'm? contractor is pledged the payment "of sev(i dollars a cord lor all lite woa.l delivered to lb* did re.>t com mands ; wood collected all< r He labor of the old:ers themselves had cut the trees to clear the ground for the Salients; and then this contractor employs Lie anny wtgons to draw it to Lie several camps, and he, .as no further trouble than to draw his dollars for a : cord, having the government tidraw tiie wood. (Laughter.)—lt costs two mi lions of dollars every day to support the army jn the ti—ld. A hundred millions of dollars hi'O' thus been x --pended since we met on the IHJ day of De cern oer, and ali that lone the ai ny has been in r< ro•■•*. What the expenditure w• t: increase to when that great day si ail ar ive when our •■vessiiafl be gladueneii with a r-ght of Lie ir -111 vin ir.oti *n, ido not kn •••'. Anotht r hun dred millions will go wit in* hundieds more J iiave ejiunrerateJ. iVi.oti.ei hundred millions may be added to tt:ose bvl'ore the 4th of ei.nch. Wfial it may cost to pu' down the reb-liion J ca • very little, provi.leJ, alw i_, •, that it 0- Jiu". down eflectual y. Du*, sir, faith works i? ilea.!, and I am free to c u;fess tuat n.y t.nlh sonieiimes lail me, I m-an my faith in nien, not my faith in the cause. Wnen lb** hitory of th.-se times shall be written, it will be a qtvstion upon whom 'he guilt will rest most heavy—upon him who has conspired to d* s'.r >y, or upon him who h;* proved incompetent to preseive, tije institutions bequeathed lo us by our lathers. It is no wonder that the public • BEDFORD, FA., FRf MORNING, JAND T AKY 31, 1562. * ■ - - - treasury trembles and staggers like a strong with too grea? a burl heft upon bun. As rnan in an air exhausted receiver is nut helpless to-day than is the treasury of this ' ern meat benath the exhausting process !o vi it is su'j cted. Tiie mighty monarch nl forest himself may hoid at bay the foreri mightiest of his foes, while the i ile cur OO'I up ti hind him and oieying i 1 fangs give*! a fatal wound, and although in* may strut ' < n boldly and valiantly, ;he lit. M id is y-:J iy trickling from his heart, and he na; I forced to lon *n his graso, ami h grows fal ' and falt.Ts and dies. The Tria-.i y o i-- it ' J in the tare of - nrtmen"4 out a revenue iintn custom houses, .'•on It sales, lom any source whatever, /•-" ginnl 'o pall iii the market. Already have th y I • r u;: to at six per bis-' • .... at to. I files of the moneychangers; y !• r| too that we here exhibit i'j • .nr. >ar . ' i of lraitd, and of a Mruggi. .v."n tire 'hi sr. ot \\ ays and Means itself, in an end- av .1 lift up anil sustain the govern iienf of the rod try. Already the su'ler—that rurs" -(' f camp—is following I .e paymaster as the sh • follows the skip, buy ing up for four dollars <•• ery five M'iars <f 'lie wage, f fhe soldi"!# p: to them 1:1 fre-sory notes. 1 haw no d<>s to hasten the n .v."men s of the army, or to cr I icrse the conduct t.f its !■ . ler?, ut m vt w 1 tite stupendous drafts upon the Treasury, I ml say f lo'.g the ,y o! striking the b. § which wiil bring this rebellion loan end. Si\| days longer of this stale of thrngs will bring f J )ut a resu't one way oi other. If is iir.po:-l ' that '.he Treasury f the f 'nil'd 15 ate# ra in. t, J continue to meet, s'ate of tfiiftaj > sty days longer, and an :gn •i. minus m 0,.4 must b submitted to unless'we see to it tha' th| creibt < f the country is sustained, and so in il ed, ! by th.- c■:*■ going fut'h thsl hal ij the p.op?_t.ffnie country that we wi.if : treat a> traitors, rut only those who are b:! o' manly enough to meet us face to lace in im field of s'rile, but nil those a!s> who clandes tin -Iy and steal'hily suck the li'e-blooi from uf; i.i this mighty struggle. Whatever m-asme?. i may euun.-e from the (Ami nit tee of WaysaiyJ .'J JUS to meet arid retrieve ff 4 is ip of t'>it!g-, luey will but fit fike a dead pall upof. the pti> lie ontrss they give th.s assuraac- , thnt !h' sc extraordinary ami extreme measures to resusci tate, revive ar-f replerw'i the treasury, are n.>t made 11 (ill farther a.iu iuttger h" already gorg ed pocket# of the public poind t- : > Ho then, ate we to contribute in • - n- t *■— r'■ re vive public confidence in our public i u hrr<\ if i. be not wfieu fim cc me.-itJ tha? we j r.>be them, that we S'Cri'am whether •here be anv thing in them tfiat at tins moment can e -pared. Our pressing du'y novV is to proiecf an ! save t!ie treasury trom lurtber ivbdisale nr other s=v t> m of plundering. 1u conclusion, he argn f agai;. c ' prying fu print ing ti;- Ti -aiu. v notes, on the ground that the cn aC? was improper y obtained. CURIOUS. Eight ypars ago th-* wife of John Li j ooioiigb, ot Pink piauie, in this county, die f, •. 1 was boned tt ( . re. A short time since it '>ci i e'e to fake up and remove the remains of Vlr*. L,an i last week Mr. L\ L. Smith, of tilis place, was employed So per! tiie labor. Tiie grave opened, and the colSo which was in a state f pert- • pieserva tion, was rernnvi', but bef >"• dep ;.-dißg it in the new place, ir was corc!aded to c.j.• nil, especially as it appeared uncommonly heavy. It was, therefore, opened, and (he body ot Mis. L. was found to "be perfectly petrified; e\ -: v part aeing n.s full and lor a >'i the day of her burial, < igiit years ago, except the lower pint of the lace and th*' hands, which were pail ady , decayed. 11 r limbs, breast, and every par', with tire above exceptions, v.. r~ sum? £' .im, and as fair and perfect as fien she died, i' re soil of the garve was ciav, and posse-sed ie> peCllli ll illeS that were dis. erui-il *. T.iis i> n i tincoin ion case, and, witbai, a curious one. We g-t these facts fr m Mr. S sir , the sexton. —Centtscc [H!) Rrji'tlt'icu . J-.rlift ila:s',r..2;.li Of the niafny anecdotes of this eccegrfric rr.-.n of tloaii .ke, we Jjn't believe the following was ever in [uir.t: He was trave'ing in a part of Vi gioia with winch he was unafquaioteg. it. - 'i" j rtiri'.., he stopped durt'-g the mg v a: . i.n n i{, folks ot the road. Trie innkeeper was fine old, and no do-.ot of one ot the sit si families of the Old Dominion. Know, g vno his distinguished guest w as, lie endeavored to draw him into co.nvei ation, but failed to i, !MS efforts. But in the morning,when Mr. Kai: h was ready to sta't, ue called for his bill, whico 'in living presented, was jaid. Trie landlord, still anxious to have some conversation with him, began as follows: "Which way aie you traveling, Mr. Ran dolph V ' .-r p' said Randolph, with a lock of dis pleasure. "1 asked,"said the landlord, "which way are

you trawling ?" "Haw I paid my bill "Vs." *lfl) I owe vou anything more ?" "No." "We!!, f am going just where I please—do you understand "Yes.' The landlotd bv this tim rt go* somewhat exci ted, and Mr. UinH'dpu drove off. But to ifie landlord's surprise in a few minutes the servant leturned to inquire which of the forks of the road to ta. Kan loipli not being out of fnar ing distance, toe hiodl ird spoke at top ot h;> v "Mr. Randolph, %<n don't ove me one c-• ! just take which load ycu pluse." It i- said tnr' the air turned blue with the i curses of RanJolphi Freedom of flight and Opibicn. A SAL INCIDENT- In the auturr.RF of 18i23, a man was descend ing the Ohio ri'fr, with three small children N a canoe. H>|had lost his wife, and with the NIG. A ing ••Jl'it OF our I-F ■>, was tiansfer his ail to y': er country whpre he might 1 li.l I J 1 t|: WO! Id. AN iv 1..g IF JF- D evening at a small island, he and D ihemDt IE night. After rem ;rung a short time, HF Jterminfd to visit tb opposite shore, fur THF irpose, probably, of purchasing p; ovi-ion- ; | telling his children that HE would soon IIN T.( TIE HI. fie PADDLED N(T, leav ing 'IN-11l :,Lf SN the isi-,IID. Unfortunately, TIE MET wi'H j. O" LOOSE companions on the shore who in cit'-ill l to drink, BECANRIP ioloxi ca'ed, aid if < TEMPLING to era 'he river alter night was ('I WI.-IL. The canoe flouted awav, AND IT I one 'aeiv of the catastrophe until the following 'I TUP POOF ;er!- D children in thp meanwhile KTNDERNI VF the onirthabited island, strata ngilwir : .ft E\RS to GET A GIIMP—OT their fa ther. %'IA MIE, and THEY HAD no the or FOOD 'HEM IFF FATHER was extremely cold, and ;,I ELDER '•, • honsh but L IGHT years of AGE • en.-'inbor FT' persons who slept in fh> cold were SON' |l •* C!iill"D to de bh. She contin- UE-I 1.1 w. n ABN and when THE younger children worn .out Willi FATIGUE an-! drow sin-'ss, anw-FE rea'iv !:> drop into .timber -h ke- '1 dawak- by te!!i:ig '* ■ m a .no Ano oralarmi;! o-i-s. At 'a-;t nature could HELD OUT no if *r. FIND the I: lie ones, chilled ad ac' trig v, I |c-> v!. t::I a themselvt or. THE jroond. [I • lie sister sat down, a- oread !N" oat I: L JF AS WID* AS possible, drew them int'l *| A P and endeavored to IRR.j IT TTIE UOIRIIITII • 4 own BOSOM, as I!;- • ><ept sweef- Iv on HER ■ IK. s!urnii ;-ic, and 'he desolate . • ' Jr. i sat or, IHE >;JB WEEPING bitterly. At iei.gta they were fill DU§> ;_ AT l he SIGHT of a canoe RP prnarhin; talslan' 1 . But they - discover ed that it itfiiied with Indians, itreir delight was char r &>'•> TERRO-, and they FLED into the WORR'S. 1 E ING NIT THE SAVAGES HAD mur dered TH I flfiier and WERE now coming TO seek iffth tf'.itiieii UNDER bosh , HIDING in . -!;; FES F, like a brood of young part ridges. THE J ~fs having kindled a fire, .JT O WN around ii rlbegan to cook their MORNING MEAL; ) ANJ the , F child, as she peeped from h-C !i --| ding plai tgan to thNK hey HAD not killed - lb* iaitr.fSh'' reft-cvd that Uiev must in : - i Mb'v |e, d left on mis lono"stand; while f 'v. th- o | and ther- was-a pojgioifity of bv f*> : 'htmf #.iiy the Indians. The cries, too, of ti "firther and sis'er, who had K een beg , t'tg P it ii;P" for food iiau pierced iipr heart j and awnjiid all her energy. She told the '.T •• ori.jover V.hose feeble minds her fine spirit hali.iniired an absolute sway, to get up ar.D GO F!II R; then taking A band of EACH -he FR.VI iy led the n to the Indian camp fire. To: 'UNJV thi savage UN )eitst©OD .mr l anguage, and A- F little girl to them wnat had M <4: rd, THEY received the deserted cl'i!- dren Kit.', and cuiuiucteri tfem to the NEM-EST lof our JRFIS, vvht re they WP.-P k< JD by same B-nevollt people until their own relations j I laiiiieclrlrr. OF ADMISSION L-st : FE ,hou! L be any weak-kneed DEM ■ ccrats. I 1 ise PA'.rto'.ic impulses incline TJIEIN to ELITE] ' E TUP about TO B SET by TH" J-pub lican I'D I'S, W E irect 'heir attention to the v\ I. - |ern. C admission (■) the new jiar- Iv. A- din the columns of the Harri-bu'G Tflegrt i. '•ON F IOG i cer'ain, thai between the avow •,l ■:> l [JFLE.-sl v s'i- R .ined principles of the cn- I . RE iblican potty AND TI LARGE pornon of WIIU' V formerly the Democratic party, tliere NO , ; gtai't difference, either in 'HE PNR 'HISES TLOE ATTAINED or the R.ratiner of their at ] I F : .;IN IJ L. . liereiofe, A UltiOn W I'll tlldt WLl'g II„t! . | nr.t.ucy is o the MUST simple as well Ia- PRAA R! CH.U .icter. It reqtur. sno invita jiio .OF --t of ti-; Rfptibiican party, pro i Videdl- H- T WHO thus boast oi their adhesion ;TO A "T IJ ■ OIE HOLIEST, A-id IF there is any ; RENUI)III'U to B- made, it nr.V. BE DECLARED by ! tlie-.E F J Democrats, WB- wo !•! he expected : to givi.p a!! theirowu pr-8.-rence with icgard I io MEI| II their cnriupt predilections on Uie •'.l.i'cf ' THE ORE . 'zatinnr, and come into the ENT.IUJDU: r-nfs of the Republican party, - ith t|;.s- principiesof high regard f>r ti.e Ui i i'n art! respect I<r th- Constitution, wbicn 5,V #• sfe'rr rendered these men ci-cent in the ! EVES I| --II T mnlrynipfi, and which act v ouid give i| ii a posit i 'IT in the (lotuicso: the (Ju- I M W|RH no STRUGGLE OR c .vrnan! ol their oa 11. 3 I separa'e O-g ,nizalton, otild : aco;r| >H. But to ask tm Republican party jto {T'VF LIP ONE L IE I.L its SUBLIME principles • to >'• ein ' . surrender a A.NGLE 1 sat ore ol its . erei D I COMPROMISE I*S organization TO concil iate R. 14 PAN OI set of men, would J as ridicu- IM, FIL' as unholy 3S the emendation of the 1 LORDS 'aver, by omitting the injunction a gainstt"a'ing to conciliate the thief, ,<r thai i on miiber TJ compromise with the AS-A-sin. i WEFC-ari.mend the above to 'HE particular • CONSTDFIAI' *U D the Union Democrats the ! HOUSE R who W- treated to ' F.O mary soagrv WARDS before the oitjers and ■ f a'ro.KGE ol the Legislature were 'Rbuted. I The TEFNS of ADMISSION to the new party are quite provid: TH" applicants are honfst ! —that )K)inl is mc-t d upon —and uiliing to give up th-ir F.- IE IPLES ani come MM the REUUB! c.M PA ■\. Of CRDRT* there wiil be a [iff tec ' FISH for ad., --ION upon icli acc,a tr.r.dati G :en:l.- U 'E THMK 'HAT we see Dem \ P"- ; -E and h\ hun—eds p'"! D l'-ning r.. f-jri' U in'" • R piibitrsTT 'ganization ' FRIW/A..;: ENJ.. -• W f'Ut-t. }! Was it live egg or the chick-n that first made • its apoearanceoa this terrestrial globe? I £i)c s£l) oohitaster 3broai). EDITED BY SIMON SYNTAX, ESQ, 03®"" Friends of education who wish to enlighten the public on th* subject oi" teacliiug the "young idei how to shoot," aie respectfully requested to serd communications to the above, care ol "bed ford Gazette." VISITING SCHOOLS. • Most poor matters Point to tich ends." Sfytri'peare. The teacher and parent sustain a near rela tion to each other; and they, in their respec tive capacities from and build up the mtnd thai is to sway a powerful infhience throughout future generations. They both h*.ve a great work to GO, and their stations are fraught with great respontibi!if tes. When (he child leaves the parental roof and is under the care of the teacher, the parent's obligations do not neces sarily nil devolve on Ihe teacher true, the teacher is recognized in loco parentis, but to him are not delegated all the duties and re sponsibilities of the parent. The parent has still a task to perform, and one which is so very much neglected, viz: visiting his children at school. We believe it to be the imperative doty o? ail parents to visit the schools, but how few consider it such! Every where we hear teachers complaining that their schools are not visited by the parents of children under their C3re, and the teachers naturally infer that none are interested in their work but themselves, and become discouraged. But some persons look upon the school room as a kind of reserved place, into which none but the teacher and pupils are allowed to enter. This is a fatal mistake. Our schools are em phatically free school : free and common (o all: and a! 1 have, or should have, a common inter est in their wellfare. For lour long months the teacher is impounded with his pupils and it . ?, matter of surprise, if, during all that lime, a single parent find his way to the school-room to impart a word of encourgemenf, or by his ore--- 'ce to indicate that he has an interest in what is thc'.e Uansp'riog. In fa-t parents have no idea of what is being done in the schoolroom, except what they gather from report—which is often Exaggerated and untrue. —and if the teacher is not of the right s'amp, if he performs not his whole duly toward his pupils, their education, moral, physical, and intellectual, will be wofullv neglected. "But," says a 'eacner, "my school is occa sion:. I, visited, for it was but the other day that Mr. SENSITIVE came flying in, and, because ] had taken occasion to rightfully punish his son John, was so enraged that be threatened mv very existence as a tpacher." Such unlaw ful visitations should not be tolerated by the teacher, ard.much less attempted by the pa rents. Let them come, not for the purpose of intimidating the teacher on account of some im aginary wrong which he has committed 10-1,-; 1,-; c.sichen, but to examine for themselves tlv; machinery of the school room, and see "whether these things are so"; ant they will go away, pleased with their visit, and convinc ed that the teacher is a reasonable being after all, and not such a cruel monster as some would represent to he. What an amount of misrepresentation would I. checked if the schools were visited by the parents! What an encouragement it would be to the pupils to see that their parents are really interested in their gmng to school; and what a stimulus to greater exertion to the teacher, to have the assurance that his labors are apprecia ted ! It would be a rav of sunshine to the pu ; 1, ii luminal in;; his dark path up the rugged s'. ]s of the Hill ol Science ! Patents should make it their duty to visit the school regula rly; and nothing would be more gratiiyiug to the teacher than to see one or more of them at his school every day. They will be most cordially welcomed, both by the teacher and pupils. Parents, try it! It is a simple experiment and will cost you nothing but a little time, which you conoot better employ; and the re sult will Ur exceed you- most sanguine anti cipations. Its influence will be a? "bread cast upon the waters, that shall return to us after many days." ' • RURAL. A WARNING TO TEACHERS. Fellow teachers, be. careful of fire' —List night, about two hours after returning to bed, my peaceful slumbers * were disturbed by the cry of fire. The gentleman with whom I am hoarding heard 'lie barking of his dog, and sup posing something 'o be wrong anout the barn, irose and went loth" window to see what was the matter, and noticed what appeared to be i building on fire. When he fust saw the re flection of the light, he thought his barn was on fire; but on going out he beheld mv school honsp enveloped in flames. He instantly gave t . E.aim; hot i' was too la'* to save any thing, is iLe root was the:, fafiiuj, in. We have no iura how jE'h'.iug caught fire, unless it was from some woe ! that had been placed about thr ... UHOI/G HIJffBER, 289©. stove to dry for the purpose of making a fire in the morning. It was a nea!y built situated on a beautiful eminence, one and 2 half miles from Hopewell, and about a quarter of a mile from E-quire Thomas IV. Horton's. It was called Mount Pleasant, from the beauti ful senery which surrounded it. I had been teaching one month and fifteen day", and had nineteen as bright scholars as ever entered a school-ioom. Tl)ey always came with tbeir lessons prepared and their youthful faces glow ing with smiles until yesterday morning. I have witnessed touching scenes, but none so pit iful as a group of scholars standing around the ruins of their schoolhouse, giving their f-elings in tears and sobs. F-Jlow teachers, once more I entreat you, to be careful oj fire. Hopewell, Jan. 8, 1862. M. E. P. (,OV. LETCHER'S MESSAGE- On the 6ih inst. Gov. Letcher, of Virginia, sent his message io the legislature of the State, accompanied with a letter from Governor Brown, and the joint resolutfbns recently a dopted bv the Legislature of Georgia, in which they declare that the separation of the latter State "is final and irrevocable, entertain any proposition irom any quarter which may have Jor its object a restoration or reconstruction of the old Union on auv teims or conditions what ever." The message is an extraordinary "State pa per a portion of it mii'ales the style of our Declaration of Independence, substituting the name of President Lincoln for George the 1 bird, in setting forth lis grievances.—The Governor is lull of fight, and manifests a spirit of reckless daring and a determination o conquer or die. One of his closing paiagraphs is the follow ing: "The occurrences of the past nine months have demonstrated conclusively that we cannot live together as equals under the Government of the United States, and the habitual violation of the provisions of the Constitution, and the open disiegard of the laws by President Lincoln and his official, render governmental association be tween us impossible. Mutual confidence has been succeeded by mutual hatred and aver sion. No government can be enduring which does not possess the affection and respect of the governed. It cannot be that the people of ihe Confederate States can again entertain a feeling of aff-ction and f3p*ct fcr the Govern ment of the U. Slates. YVe believe, therefore, separation *is ami ought U be 'final and irre vocable'—that Virginia will, under no circum stances, entertain any proposition, from any quarter, which may have for it 3 object a res toration or reconstruction of the late Union, on any terms and conditions whatever." A ('heap Breakfast. A son of Erin, at Schenectady, heard the breakfat b-'ll ring on boaid a canal boat just starling out for Buii!o. The fngance of the viands induced him to go aboard. "Sure, Captain, dear, (said he,) and what'ti ve ax a man for travellin' on yer illegand swan of a boat * Only a cent and a half a mHe, and found," replied the captain. "An' is IP the vittals ye mean to find, suie ?" "Yes. And if you are going along, go down to breakfast." Pat didn't wait to be told a second time, but having descended into the cabin and made a hi-atty meal, he came on deck and requested that the boat might be stopped. "What do you want to slop for?" inquired the captain. •'ll iw far have we come?" asked Pat. "Only a little over a mile." Pat thereupon handed the captain two cents, and coolly told him th.'l he oeiieved he would not go any further with him, as Judy would wait the breakfast, not knowing that be had breakfasted out. The juke was so good that the captain took the two cents, ordered the boat stopped, helppd Pat ashore, and told him that should he ever have occasion to travel that way again he would be most happy to cany him. SCENE IN A SANCTUM. —Enter a large strong man, with a cow-hide in hand. "Is the editor in?" "He is." "You?" "Ye?." "I have come to settle with you." 'Well, (editor draws a revolver,) go a head.' "1 have taken \ our paper now about a year." "Well (Capping his pistol.) "An article rn your last issue, (editor cocks bis pistol,) has convinced me, sir, that— you —need— "l deny your right to give it—be cautious, ?ir." "Give yi.u what?" "A thrashing." "YY'hy, no, my dear sir, I came to pay in ad vance for auother year." The editor wilted. (TF"Where did vou get that turkey ?" said Col. Silly Wilson to one of his amiable recruits, ivho came into camp the other day with a fine jird. "Stole i'," was the laconic answer. 'Ah," said,the Colonel triumphantly to a by itander," yen see my boys may steal, but (bey won't lie." Flattery is like a flail, which, if not adroitly jsed, will box your own ears, instead of tick ing those of the corn. All of us who are worth anything, spend our r.anhood in learning the follies or expatiating he mistakes of our youth. ' || VOL. 5. NG. ICk