Newspaper of Bedford Gazette, April 29, 1864, Page 1

Newspaper of Bedford Gazette dated April 29, 1864 Page 1
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THE BEDJfGKD GAZETTE ifc P'JBLI'HKIi EVERY MOiMKO BY B. F. .tt&YEttS, At the foliowiog terms to wit $1 IS per annum, if paiJ strictly in advance. $2.00 if paid within 8 month*; fS.SO if net pa witbiu 6 months. OyNo subscription taken tor less than six months p >per discontinued until ail aire irages are paid, unless at the option of the publish?*. It has been decided by the United States Courts that the afoppige of a newspaper without the payment of arrearages, is prima facie evidence of fraud and as a criminal oflence. QT7"The courts have decided that persons are ac countable for the subscription price of newspapers, f they take them from the post office, whether they subscribe for them, or not. {professional (Cariis. JOSEPH W. TATE, ATTORNEY AT I.AIV", BEDFORD, PA. Will promptly attend to collections and all busi ness entrusted to bis care, in BeJloid and adjoining counties. Cash advanced on judgments, notes, military and other claims. H's for sale Town lots in Tatesville, and St. Jo seph's, Bedford Railroad Farms and unimproved land, from one acre to 150 tries to suit purchasers. Oir.-e nearly opposite the "Mengel Hotel" and H lik of Keed 6c Scliell. April 1, 1564 —ljr J H. DUR3O3ROW, ATTORNEY AT LA lV r BEDFORD, PA. Ofti'v one door South of the "Merge! H'*u-e." • ' a", tend promptly to a'l business entrusted to his .ate in Bedford and adjoining counties. H'-v g aim been regul-rly licensed to prosecute claims uain-t tin-Government, particular attention i.r given to the collection of Military claims ol Raids; pensions, back pay, bounty.bounty oans, Arc. April 1, 1864. ESPY M. ALSIP, ATTORNEY AT LA IF, BEDFORD, PA. Will faithfully and pi-jtrpfly atienu to all business entrusted to his cate in Bedford and a'joining coun ties. .Vlißrary claims, b.ick bounty, &c., speedily collected. Office with Mann & Spang, on I-iiana str.*e., two door* south of the Mengel House. Jan. 22, 'CI. I) • U • A K Kli S , JITTOUJIEY JIT LAW, Bedford, Pa. Wtll promptly attend to all business entrusted to his'care. Military claims speedily collected. Office on Ju tana street. opposite the post-office. Bedford, September 11, 1&63. F. M. XiMjtsr.L. I. W. LINGENVELTER KIMMELL & LINGENFELTER, ATTORNEYS AT LAW. BEDFORD. PA tormed a p'.rtner-hip in 'be practice ol the Law. Office on Juliar,a street, two doots Soutfc of ttie "Mengel House." JOB M*SS. G. H. SPASG. SI A N N & SPANG. ATTORNEYS AT LAW, BEDFORD, PA The undersigned have associated thcm-elves it the Practice <.t the Law,at. l will attend promptly to ail busiaess entrusted to their cate in Bedfort aurf adjoining counties. tX?r-Offire on luliana Street, three doors soutl of the "Mengel House, 'opposite the residence o Ataj. Tate. Bedford, Aug. 1, ISO 1. J 0 IIIV P • REED, ATTORNEY AT LAW, BEDFORD, PA., Re epect fully tenders his services to the Public [H/"Otnce second door North of the Menge House Bedford, At g, I, IS6I. JOHN PALMER. ATTORNEY AT LAW, BEDFORD, PA promptly attend to all business er.trus ted to bis care. Office on Julianna Street, (near iy opposite the Mengrl House.) Bedford, Aug. 1, 1861. A. n. COFFROTII, ATTORNEY AT LAV/, Somerset, Pa Will hereafter practice regularly in the severa Courts of Bedford county. Business entrnsted t tus care will be faithfully attended to. December 6, 1861. j.ALiir HOY Auctioneers & Commi;sion Merchants, BEDFORD, PA.. Respectfully solicit consignments of Boots ant Shoes, Dry (foods, Groceries, Clothing, <.ndall kind 1 of Merchandise for AUCT ION and PRI V A I-L bale REFERENCES. PHILADKLPH:/; BEDFORD, Philip Ford & Co., Hon- Job Mann, Boyd He Hough, Hon. W. T. Daogheity Armor Young A' Bros., B.F.Meyers. January 1, 186'4 —tf. J. L. MAIC3OTTR3-, *. D. Having permanently lo." a l e '> respectfully tender his prcf isional services t." 1 the citizens ol BeJfon and vicinity. C3"Offioe on Jnlianna stre <"t, opposite the Bank one door north of John Palmer '• office. Bedford, February 12, 186/. S A M I F. L KFTT KII M A N , BEDFORD, PA., (C7"Woiild hereby notify the citizens of deilfoi county, that hp has movej ro the Boroug b ol Bed fold, where he may at all times be fount. 1 b * person wishing to see him. unless absent upoi .b usines per'aitimg tc his office. Bedford, Aug. 1,1861, JACOB REED, J. J. SCMROL, _ Keen AND Sf HELL, BANKERS & DEALERS IN EXCHANGE, BEDKCRD, PENX A. bought arid sold, collections made and money promptly (emitted. Deposits solicited. ST. CHARLES HOTF.L, CORNEB OF WOOD / nil THIRD STKEET3 PITTSBURG If. P A HARRY SHIRLS PUDPIUETOB. April 12 1861. wa am i\ (V E EL ji \ (SUOOTWSOIUJ TO MICHAEL WARTAiAN CO.) laimer a fault anil f agar MANUFACTORY, No. 813 NORTH THIRD STREET, Second door below Wood, PHILADELPHIA. W. WARTMA.V. il- P. ENGELM AN. March '2Z, 180-1 v.^ IOLUME 50. NEW SERIES. MierilTs Sale. By virtue of sundry writs of Vend. Exponas und Levari Facias to me directed, thre will he sold at the Court House. in the borough of Bedford, on hat urday, the 30th day of April, A. D., 1801, at 10 0 clock, A. M., the lollowing real estate, viz ; ONE 1 R ; 1 OF LAND, situate in East Provi dence townst.ip, Bedford county, Pa containing one hundred and for 'y acres, about 8') acres clea v ed and under tence, with a one and a ball story log house, doubie iog barn and other out-buildings thereon e rected, also, an epple orchard thereon, adjoining lands ol Daniel Davi-,, John Swaitz. Leonard Gitfia and otheis, and taken in execution as the property 01 John Sk ighter. ALSO —One iraet of land, situate in Juniata town ship. Bedford county, containing fifteen acres, more or ;ess r about seven arres cleaied and under fence, with ■, story and a half log bouse and small log sta ble ihereon - reeled, adjoining lands of Joseph Brin key, John A. Imgrui.d and others, and taken in ex ecution as the. property of J M. Len:nan. ALSO—v)ne tiact ol laud, situate in Southampton township, Bedford county, containing 117 acres more oi less, about acres cleared and under fence, with a story and a half tog house and small stable there on prec ed, adjoining lands of Alexanler Lee, Isaac Hunter, Abraham Kerns' heirs and others, and ta ken in execution as tb property of David Smith. ALSO—-One tract of land, si?ua*v in Southampton township. tfoiJ county containing eighty atfjou ?i.g ands ot G. H. Spuijf &O. r. Sua it* ion, VV iiiiacn hums, Ait'irus Sri,net and VViiliam Lash'ey, being part ola tract, 0 { bought by tliiatn Oss In,.ii Abraham Kerns' executors, by deed dated lOth December, 15H1. recorded in book A C. pagr 38, and takfn in execution as 'be proper ty of George hams. ALbO—One tiact of land, situate in Liber'y town ship, Bedford county, containing 143 acres, adjoin ing lands ul O. E. Shannon, Esq., James Ciaik, Le vi Abbot! and others, wi'b a new frame house and tiarne ba:ri thereon d, about 100 acres cleared and iitniei, also, ati appl- orchard thereon, ALSO—One otter tract oi land, a jo-ning the a bovc, cim ji'ud; 5'J more or less, 10 acres cia;ed and u.. -er ; ce. and iuken in-execution as ; l fit? propet ty oi Ju'ir, Loj>g. •tosO —ci tiaclol ianlsituate in Hopewell town hip, bin. i i . „.j ? e defendants tight, title anu in - it- -t ii, to .i tract ol land ro :'itv i f/i acie-, ab on 4>in ~ , • -hi-d HIK trrul •- teuce. i .th a IIOUM! aim barn hctcori erected, adjoining tan i ot John Savage and the Ka/sto-vtt branch ot 'he Juni ata river and others, being the same tract o! iand which was patented to Philen.ou Dickerson in 1783, by sundry assurances in law, duly had become vest <V ;tl -'°bn A. Osborn the defendant, with the right and appurtenances iuercutifo, and token in execu tion as the property ol John A. 0.-born. ALbO tine 'ract ol land si'uate in Londonderry township, Beiiioid county, containing ISO acres, more or les.-, about GO acres cleared anu under tence with a two story log dwelling house and log stable theieon erected, aiso, an apple or hard thereon, ad joining lands o: David Moser,' Frenk. Smith, Geo. , Wolioid arid others, and taken in execution a- the : property of Solomon Smith and Gsoig" U'oiford. j ALSO—One trict of land situate in South Woud | bei ry township, Bedford county, containing 70 acres more or less, adjoining lands ol Miller's heirs, Ben jamin Voder and others, and taken in execution as the property of N. P. Reed. ALSO—One tract ot iand situate in Southampton township, Bedford county, containing 16 acres more or lets, ad cie ired anil under fence, with a twosto ty 1 g dwelling Louse, with kitchen attached, anna log stable thereon -reeled, adjoining lands of Joh.i H. Smith, Tilgbmun Northcrait and others, and ta ken in execution as the propeityof John Cavender. ALSO—One tract of land situate in Harrison tow -hip, Bedford county, containing 10J acres mora or !es. about 35 acres cleared and ui.Jei fence, with a two story log housp ;ml log stable thereon ereote , adjoining lands of Samuel Miller Leonard May uu George iroutman, and taken in execution an the p op rty cf Frefer .ck G. Stube. ALhO—One tnct of ui unproved latrd, situate in Beau", Cove, Southampton towikbip, Be.ltoid coun ty i adjoining lands ol Johnston Owen, John Gordon, Samuel H. 'l'ate's heirs, John Cessna and others, containing 400 acres more or leas, at I taken in ex ecution as the property of Joseph Leaeura. ALSO—A lot of ground situate in tie town ol Woodherry, Middle Woodberry township, Bedford county, fronting on Main street about Go leet, ex tending bacK .iboot 'OB feet to an alley, adjoining ioi on tiic n rib or the heirs ol George Harker, ceased, on the south by a ioi ol ground belonging to the Methedist Church, with a two story log* fame house and porch, and other out-bui: lings thereon erected, and taken in execution as the property of Daniel B. Bulger. JOHN ALDSTADT, Beul'ord, April 8, ISG4. Sheriff. | OOTT PROCLAMATION. To the Coroner, the Just:res of tie Voire, and Con stables in the different 'Townships in the County of Bedford, Greeting. KNOVV YE that in pursuance of a precept to rr.e directed, under the hand and seal ol the M r. JAMES NILL., President of the several Courts of Common Pleas in the Sixteenth Di-trict, con sistmg of the counties of Franklin Fulton, Bedfor 1 and Somerset, and by virtue of his office of the Court of Ot er and Terminer and General Jail de livery for the trial of capital and other offenders rherp-n and in the Geneial Court ot Quarter Sess ions of the J'eace ; and SAMUEL D.,vis and JAMES BURNS, Jr. Esq-., Judges ol the same Court in thp same Cou.ity ol Bedford, You anil each ol you are hereby required to be and appear in your proper persons with your Records, Examinations, and ottipr remembrance.? t-etore the Judges aforesaid, at Bedford, nt a Court of Over arid Tetmiher and General Jail Delivery and Genera! Quarter Sessions of the Pace therein to be holden for the county of Bedlord, aforesaid on the first Monday of May. (being the 2d day ) at 10 o'clock in the forenoon of that day, there and then to do those things to which your stverai offices ap pertain. GIYF.Y under my hand at Bedfo'd, on the oth of A oi ii f in the year of our Lord, 18' : 4. JOHN ALDSTADT, Sher iff* Office, Bedford, f Sheriff. April 8, JBO3. i ADM IN ISTR ATOR S' NOTICE. Letters c'f administration upon the estate of Ja cob Detwiler, late of Middle Woodberry township, Bedlord county having been granted by the Regis ter of said couni'V to the undersigned; all persons Knowing tbfeifigelvDS indebted to sai l estate are re quested to oraks immediate pay rr ent, and those hav ing claims will pre-en t them properly authenticated for settlement. DAVID O. HOOVER, MO-VES DETWILER, April 1, ISG4—-Ot Administrators! ADMINISTRATORS' NOTICE. Letters of administration upon the estate of John Metzgar, late of Juniata township, deceased, hiving been granted to the undersigned by the Register of Radford county, all persons indebted to said estate are reqeested to make immediate payment, and those having claims will make known the sams without delay. JOHN ALSfP, DANIEL METZGAR, April 1, iS64—-6t Administrators. BEDFORD, PA., FRIDAY MORNING, APRIL 29, 1864. For t\e Bedford Gazette. NEW RAIL ROAD ROUTE OYER THE ALLEGHENY. ; B. V. MEYERS, ESQ. Dear Sir: —On the nth August, 1853, I 1 had a communication published in the Bedford i Gazette, relative tu the then proposed Ciiam | bersburgand Allegheny Railroad. I have been '•ailed upon, by a number of Railroad friends oi | B :iord and Somerset counties to have the sain j communication republished. I have, therefore, i revised and corrected the same, and added such information as 1 have since acquired, and respect fully ask you tu republish it in the Bedf rJ Ga zette. I ant well acquainted with all t!nj proposed Railroad routes in Bedford and Somerset Coun ties, hut more particularly with the western part extending front the Borough of Bedford, to the summit of the Allegheny .Mountain- In the year 183s, Hother 11 age, E-q., made a survey of the contemplated Railroad route from (f liambersburg to Pittsburg, with an esti mate of the probable costs of construction. Ju his report read in the House of Representatives jii 3th.T-.iji. r y. ]ShC, ne estimated the cost oi grading a douhl • tr ir.f Railroad from tleßor ough of Bedford to the summit of the Alleghe ny Mountain, a distance of 53 mii'-s, at >1.413- ÜB3 24, which .vouldy average $42,820 25f per mile. 1 u i luge's preliminary report, read in the house I of Representatives the 27th December. 1838. he ; says (speaking of amendments on said route) i'ito extent of the survey,and a desire to prove j the practicability of the route for an nnintcr | rupted Railroad communicatim, before the • T -• 1■ • j operations sh udd be closed by the severity >f j tiie approaching scasou, prevented, in several instances, their examinaii an ; the tu >? import ; ant of these would change the entire location, i a distance of about twenty miles." Two p r* ; tiuns o'" the line orfei'opj a tuniti - of thischar i actor .nd arc too important to be nog! cted." The liret would leave the present route about four miles west of Bedford and ascend the val ley of 1 looter's run, on the, opposite side pass ing in the vicinity of S.-hellsburg, it would then by a shorter route, reach the main ridge of (he Allegheny, and attain a depression in the moun tain about 1} miles to the north of the present, tunnel, and found to be 3 >8 6 ! feet lower than the summit of the mountain over the tunnel; here perhaps the necessity of a tunnel might be avoided, and this pass appears to be the lowest attainable, its examination is strongly recom mended. And again, Mr. Hage in hid second report savs .• "During the opera'tons of arrang ing the date of the survey into a proper system upon which to b:ie the necessary calculations, for an estimate cf its cost, two alterations of the line became expedient, thai require .<> be cx plainca here, as they differ from tiie prelimina ry r-ciort utveady made, one was deemed neces sary >vhere the line leaves Buffi!o Mountain in owicr to attain the slop : of the Dry Ridge, where a high bri lg- will be required over the valley of Buffalo Creek; immediately after a deep cut through the spur of this ridge, was contenij i t :d, it was afterwards found expedient to reduce ihc height of the bridge, so much that a tunnel had to bo adopte 1, where the d:ep cut origb al ly was designed; tlicre will be, therefore, three tunnels iir this line instead of two, as stated in my former report. Yet it must he observed that it is probable that both this anil the tunnel on the Allegheny Mountain may be eventually - voided, by pursuing tiie opposite side of the val ley of Deeter's Run, as already suggested in the first report." The above quotations show that the tunnel on trie Allegheny and Dry Ridge, the bridge across Buffalo Run, and of course the high bridges at Casper Statlcr's (now Adam Gvller's) and at i Imhoff's, (now Jacob Hi'dogas ) can be avoided. } Those five items are estimated in said report [ as f )llows, viz: i Bridge across Buffalo Run, $ 120,520 92 j Dry Ridge Tunnel. 135,044 84 | Bridge across hollow at Casper Staffer's (now A. Cleller) 73,433 SO Bridge at Imhoff's (now Jacob Hillegas) D 5,819 25 funnel >n Allegheny Mountain 435,251 98 i miles distance saved bv adopt ing the opposite of Doctor's Kun fiG,3O7 44 Amount saved by the opposite side cf Doctors Run $932,878 23 Amount required to grade the route on the opposite side of Deeter's Run, as per Hage's report, £480,710 01 , I luge's estimate of Dry lJidgc route, ' $1,413,088 24 Now, after examining the above statement, it plainly appears that the route Mr. I Inge's calculations are based upon are made upon the first through survey for a railroad, without hav ing the opportunity of making a thorough sur vey and examination. I have no doubt on my mind, that it Mr. JTagc would have Imd time to make a more thorough examination, his report would have been much more favorable. At the time this survey was progressing it was no se cret that the whole engineering force under Mr. Schlater was opposed to the southern route up on which Mr. llage was employed, and by Mr. Schlater directed to report without giving him time to perfect his surveys. From levels taken by myself, I am willing to ri k mv reputation as an engineer, that from the borough of Bedford to the summit of the Alle gheny mountain, I can point oat the ground that a road can be graded upon not exceeding forty-five feet to the mile, in less distance than twenty-nine miles, at an average cost of SIO,OOO per mile. The course pursued by some of the promi nent men of Bedford county, whilst Mr. Hago was making his surveys, is a further reason why the Central railroad does not pass through Bed ford. So long as prominent and influential men will hang around and influence engineers, for Freadom of Opinion. ; ine purpose of having a route located sc> as tc ?uit their private interests, aul the location o their real estate, we cannot expect to have i railroad. Such influences will invariably pro' ducv such a route and estimate of costs, thn no prudent inrti would sanction; the dumb in strument can only show the proper route, ant not the whims of men who never looked over: leveling instrument. it is the desire of the writer, by these obser vations, to draw the attention of the citizens ol iJedford county and elsev. h re, to the import ance of having the route by Bedford properly '■xnmaud. Upon such exauiinu!ion, I feel con fluent tli.rt a railroad from the east to the west would he constructed byway of Bedford. From personal knowledge and other informa tion, i sua positive that there is byway ot liad tord ihe best and most practicable route for a lutiivad to connect the east and the west, upon which a railroad can bo constructed in less dis tance, lower prudes, fewer bridges, viaducts and tunnels, and for less cost than any other road crossing the Allegheny mountain, and that when made will be the most important road in the United States. It will cost less in construction hhh keeping 111 repair, will command the choice in business, consequently pay belter inter est to the stockholder thau any other road now constructed. Having such favorable ground to build a road to connect the east and west, is it not our duty to use all proper exertions to have it made?— Why cavil about Broad 'lop extensions, and routes down Will's Creek? should we not ratti er use all our mains for a great through route, that will not only benefit Bedford county but tiie whole of the great east and west? Why talk ot intersecting the Connellsville railroad at Bridgeport 24 miles from Bedford, which i> the nearest point, why not make 2'J miles to ilio summit of the Allegheny mountain, thence distance of about 2d miles through the coal fields of Allegheny, and intersect the Con nellsvillc railroad at the mouth of Coxes creek, on Cattleman's river, making the distance from Bedford to the mouth of CoXes creek of- miles, and by Bridgeport 70 miles and encounter grades of 110 feet to tiie mile, or from the summit ol the Allegheny pursue the route as run* by Mr. liage to the top of Laurel Hill, thence through the Chestnut Rnlge by Jacob's creek, via Mount Fieasant, to Pittsburgh. Again, it tlr? managers of the ConnellsvilW railroad desire to avoid the Sand l'ateh tunnel, and t iie high grades on the oast slope of the Al legheny, and save a large sum of money in the construction of their road, they can do so by leaving Castlenian's river about the mouth o Coxes creek, from thence about 2-5 miles to the low depression of the Allegheny mountain al Decter's run, and then a distance of about lc iniles will bring them to Bridgeport on Will's Creek, no grade to exceed 4~> feet to the mile, and ground % fa vorabie to grade i road upon, ami four miles shorter than they have their route now laid down. From the summit of the A ilegheny mountair ?e . Oi al other routes present themselves for short ening toe distance between the east and the west, 1 will leave their merits to the advocacy of more competent writers tnan mvself. I will now con clude by repeating that byway of lied ford the very best route, for a safe and cheap railroad, f rom the east to the west, that is shorter in dis tance, lower grades, upon firm ground, not sub ject to slides and drifts, and can be built for less money than any other railroad crossing the Al legheny mountain. VV hy should wc not unite as one man and lav our might together and secure that which is si important, not only to Bedford county, but te the w hole busiues community of the great easf and west. By so uniting we can present such a claim te the public and capitaii ts, as will not he over looked by the great interests of our country. — Capitalists will not overlook such an oppor tunity of investing their funds in stock that will allord and yield a higher interest than anyothei railroad stock in the United States. The road, if made, will command the choice of business, being laid on firm ground, not subject to floods and slides, free from snow drifts, and easily kepi open during the winter. Yours, &e., MICHAEL REED from the JJoitoii Courier. FACTS FOR THE PEOPLE. SELECTED BY ONE OF THE PEOPLE. '•This Union is a lie! The American Union is an imposture. I am for its overthrow! L7ji with the Flag of Disunion."— JVm. Lloyd Gar rison. 'The Constitution of our fathers was a mis take. Tear it in pieces and make a better Don't say the machine is out of order—it is in order it does what its fraincrs intended."— '•Our claim is disunion, breaking up of the States! 1 have shown you that our work can not be done under our institutions (laws). The Republican party is the first sectional party ever organized in this country. It does not know its own face, and calls itself national, but it is sectional. Ii is a party of the North, pledged against the South!"— Wind ell Phillips. At an anti-slavery meeting 111 May, 1844, at New York— Resolved, "That secession from the United States Government is the duty of every Aboli tionist." Resolved, That the only exodus of the slave to freedom, unless it be one of blood, must be over the remains of the present American Church, and the grave of the present Union." Resolved, 'That the Abolitionists of this coun try should make it one of the primary objects sf this agitation to dissolve the American Un ion." In 1850, Senator Hale presented two peti tions—"praying that some plan be devised for the dissolution of the American Union.'' "This •tetition received three votes—J. P. Hale, VV. [I. Seward, S. P. Chase." Rev. II W. Beecher in 185 C says "the peo- WHOLE EMBER, 10 15 1 j pie will decide which is* the better way to rise j in arms and throw off a Government worse ; than that of Old King George, or wait annthef i four years and vote again. The Constitution ' IK the fountain and father of all our troubles." "The only hope of the slave is over the ruins j of the Government and of the American Church. ' "The dissolution of tho Union is not prima rily a question of conscience but of policy.— i We made the Up ion and we have a right to unmake it if we choose." 11. IV. Ikllows, 1856. i ' Sir : I hope if will come (the issue}, and if I if comes to blood, let it come ; it cannot come too soon—and when toe war has been proclaim ' el, with the knife, and tho knife to the hiit.'"— : J. I'. liale, 185ij. "l'ou call this revolution—it is —wc must, we will have it—let it come." —C. Schurz, IBfio. "The portents which darken our land fore shadow a strife, which unless averted by the triumph of freedom, will become war—•fratrici dal, parricidal war—with an accumulated wick edness, beyond the wickedness of any war in human annals.'— €'■ Sumner, 1856. In 1850, W. H. Sewari tells tlie South, "If , they will not emancipate then slaves, they shail have disunion, civil vnu* and otaapciyaiiyii— , then the siavehol Jers will perish in the strggle." ! In I Sob he.again speaks of civil war* as the result of the agitation, and says: "Then the free States and slave States of the Atlantic, divided and waning with each other, would disgust the free States of the Pacific, and they would have abundant cause and justification for withdrawing from a Union, productive no longer cf peace, safety and liberty to themselves.'' I "I have no doAbt the free and slave States ought to separate. The Union is not worth ! supporting in connection with the South."— S. Pihe. "I can conceive of a time when this Consti tution shtili not be in existence, when we shall have an absolute, military, dictatorial grvern ■ men', transmitted from age to age, with men at its head who are made rulers by military com nti siou, or who claim an hereditary right to I govern tho ; e over whom they areplaced."—N. P. Huh, 18.: 5. "If Hue ha nan is elected, T don't bolicve the Union holds out throe years. 1 shall go for dis solution.' ' — Then/lore Parhr. "i do not believe that any permanent Union is possible between the North and the South.' —The same, 185b. On the evening of election day, after hearing of Fremont's defeat, he wrote— i "Of course wo shall fight. I have expected | civil war for months." j A few days later— j "There are two Constitutions for Americans, ! one writ on parchment and laid up at Washing ; ton ; the other also on parchment, but on the head ; of a drum. It is to this we must appeal and be j fore long." Not long afterthe defeat of Fremont, a meet ■ ing i t traitors was called at Worcester and held there. This was thelangunge of t lie call: 1 "We, the undersigned, citizens of Worcester, believing the result of the recent Presidential e leclion to involve four years more of pro-slaver y government, and a rapid increase in the hos tility between the two sections of the Union : "Believing this hostility to be the offspring not of party excitement, but of a fundamental difference in education, habits, and laws; "Believing the existing Union to he a failure, as being a hopeless attempt to unite under one government two antagonistic systems of society, .which diverge more widely every year; "And bclie\ ing it to be the duty of intelligent and conscientious men to meet these facts with ( wisdom and firmness; "liespecthilly inv.'.j our fellow-citizens of! Massachusetts to meet in Convention at Wor cester, on Thursday, January 15, to consider the practicability, probability and expediency of a separation between the free and slave States, and to take such other measures as the condi tion of the times may require." "I conceive therefore, the true object of this war is to revolutionize the National Govern ment." — M.F. Conuay, of Kansas, 18G2. "It these fanatics and Abolitionists ever get power into their hands, they will override the Constitution, set the Supreme Court at defiance, change and make laws to suit themselves, and, i finally, they will bankrupt tho country and del uge it with blood."— Daniel Webster. "Here lies a people who lost their own liber ties, in trying to give freedom to the African race." — Elwood Fisfic:\ A Stirring Appeal for the Couutry against its Destroyers. The Hon, Levi Bishop, of Detriot, made a good speech lately at Cincinnati. The follow ing is tho closing part of it: HOW TO SAVE THE COUNTSV. Then, finally, what can we do ? What can we = do to save the country, the government, and con stitutional liberty? It is a momentous question. There is but one only way to do it. I wish I could thunder it in every ear on the continent. That one way is, BRING THE DEMOCRATIC PARTY BACK INTO POWER. This is the only thing that can do it. To save the country is the mission of the Democracy. Then let subordinate questions belaid aside, j - Let individual considerations be ignored. Let i personal claims be passed over. ° Let former i divisions and heart burnings be forgotten. Let I war and peace Democrats strike bands together. < Let Democrats and conservatives embrace each < other. , Let every Democratic association, everv reso- j lution, every speech, wish, thought, word, everv t banner, and. above all, every vote, point to t Jiia one result—bring the Democracy back into i power. Ihe people are ready for it, for three i rears of Abolitionism, such as we have had, s enough to cure any nation of that disease. s Let us, then, not disagree about platforms: u he grand old shibboleth, Jefferson Democracy. v s platform enough for me. The man who can b Halts dt One Square, three weeks o- iese $! M One Square, each additional roserUooJess taan three months . . 30 3 XOKTBJ. WttXTi a. 1 f£At One square • $3 50 $4 75 s*oo Twosquares 500 ;j pij i io 00 Three squares 550 900 l* 00 i Column 12 00 20 (0 00 One Column 20 00 35 00 85 00 Administrators' and Execotors' notices $9.50, Au ditors' notices $1.50, iI under 10 lines, $2.00 if more than a square and less than 20 lines. Estrays, $1.85, if but one head is advertised, 25 cents for every additional head. The spjceoccopied by ten lines of this si/ccr type countsone square. All fractions ol ■ square under five lines wi 11 be measured >i ball square and all over five lines as a lull square. All legal advertisements will be charged to the person hand ing tbem in. VOL. 7, NO 39. c denounce Lincoln and hi? Adm ini.-t ration and e their infernal policy is Democrat enough forme, r I care not whether he supported Douglas and i .lohoaon, or Breckinridge and Lane, or Hell and " Everett, or even Lincoln and Hamlin; if lie s now takes a bold stand against the Usurpation?, i. the tyranny, and the despotism of this Adtnin istration, he is Democrat enough for me. The man who is ready to maintain the State 0 governments in their integrity, na the surest bul . wark, and, at the present time the only bulwark, . f against anti-republican and despotic tendencies, e is Democrat enough for me. I care not what - a man's opinion? may be on secondary questions - if he is ready to drive the abolition crew from power, and put a Democratic administration , there, trusting, under a kind Providence, !o fhe national spirit and iha historic prcstisre of the - Democracy, for the results afterwards, he is b Democrat enough for you and for me and for - the country. Our proper order of battle is that - cf opposition. Here we can stand shoulder to 1 shoulder, in this, the most momentous straggle, perhaps the last one, of freemen for free con f 6titutioal government. 1 Nor does j* much difference who tha • candidate may lie. Whoever receives the reg -1 i :c.r nomination from the Democratic National Convention should be our first and last and only > choice. That cony ntion will doubtless s !cct a worthy standard bearer, around whom all can [ rally. Elect a good Democrat: place him in luo l Presidential chair; surround him with huuust i Democratic counsels; and I wili trust lurn for 1 all tho consequences. , But will the ballot-box be free ? Will it be j open and un trammeled? Yes, it must; yes, it' shall be. Let millions of freemen, determined still to be free, declare with arm*- in thc-ir bands, if necessary, that it shall be free, untrammeled and undefiled, on the first day of November next. ; And if, in a fair expression of the national sentiment, the decision shall be that we must , give up all for lost the nation will bow to its : fate. Thy will, great God, be done on earth iasit is dons in heaven! But we hope better j tilings, 'llie political heavens are and we may believe that Providence is smiiiag through them upon our bleeding country. Tha American people never yet left the Democratic party out of power in the general governriient beyond the time when they had ail opportunity ito restore it through the ballot-box. The rad ! icals are fast losing their bold upon the coufi j douce of the people. Never was confidence ' more wofully misplaced or more wickedly be trayed. It must soon be with drawn from those in power. The ruition, for three long years, has suffered all the horrors of abolition fanati cism. We have been passing a fearful night of terrors and gloom. That night, to millions of our countrymen, is a night eternal. But light is springing up in the east. Behold the cheering beams streak up on the horizon 1 "Oh! how brightly breaks the morning!" Lift up your hands and rejoice, for the day of your redemption draws nigh. Ge are now authorized to hope and expect that the approaching contest will bring the gen ! ial spirit and policy of the Democratic party j back into Administration. That portentous cloud of onti-slaverv agitation which lowered j so long over the country, charged with the i thunderbolts of war, and which finally burst forth, hurling its shafts of death over the land, is about to lose its power and its terrors, and shrink back to its original insignificance. To able to entertain these hopes and feel these assurances, after what the country has suffered is truly consoling. I tru-t tliey may be fully realized. It we do our duty to the country, they will be. ns do our duty, and this year our present rulers will be hurled from pow er and the public policy of tho nation will be changed entirely. Thus, and thus only, can our beloved country be saved from the band of the destroyer. Philanthropy Ferocious. A correspondent of the Providence Post furn ishes the following thoughts on this subject: "We have no right to expect perfection in this world, but we have a right to loot for con j sistency," so says Hannah Moore. Now there : is one singular thing connected with the aboli j tion efforts, that deserves notice, and goes far j to shake our faith in the philanthropic and be ; nevolent feelings generally supposed to influence | the emancipationists; and that is, whenever tho j milk of human kindness is poured out upon the : negro, there is a corresponding outpouring of | vengeance upon something else: like the Cru-_ i saders of old, whose zeal for the recovery of the Holy Sepulchre was only equalled by their | ferocity towards the Turks and Saracens. ; And it is worthy of record that the National j Assembly, when first moved by bowels of com passion to liberate the slaves at St. Domingo, • were dragging to the guillotine all that was de : cent and respecteble in Franco. And so it will | be found, in every place, and among.every peo ple that has undertaken the business of smanci /).ifk> that there is at the same time an equal degree ol venom poured out upon somethingelse. Even their clergymen, forgetting the holy precepts of peace and good will to all mankind while pleading for tho liberty of the slaves, is pouring out the vials of his wrath upon nil who do not think as he does, or are williirg to go to the same length, in no measured terms. Peace is the last thing they desire. "Cry havoc and let loose the dogs of war," is not enough for them ; they want to see "death warrants sign ed," and traitors swinging on the gallows before they die, and it is hard to imagine which would give them the greatest delight, the freedom of the slaves, or the massacre of their masters, of ten old friends and acquaintances, too. Their very benevolence has something so feroeious in it as to be perfectly frightful. Now this is a glaring inconsistency that must strike every reflecting mind. No man can make us believe that if"one does not love his neighbor whom be hath seen, he can love the negro whom he hath not " ~

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