Newspaper of Bedford Gazette, July 29, 1864, Page 1

Newspaper of Bedford Gazette dated July 29, 1864 Page 1
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THE BEDFORD GAZETTE > PVBLISnED EVERT FRIDAY MORNING BIT B. F. MEYER*. At ttie following terms, to wit: $1 75 per annum, if paid strictly in advance. St.oo if paid within 6 months; $2.50 if not paid witbiu 6 months. C?"No subscription taken lor less than six months paper discontinued until a'l aire.iragos are paid, unless at the option of the puhlishei. It has been decided by the United States Courts that the stoppage of a newspaper without the payment of arrearages, is prima fad* evidence of fraud and as a criminal offence. courts have decided that persons are ac countable for the subscription price of newspapers, •( they take them from the post office, whether they subscribe for them, or not. 33nsincss Cctrtis. JOSEPH V/. TixTE, ATTORNEY AT LAW, BEDFORD, PA. Will promptly attend to collections and ail busi- j „ess entrusted to his care, ih Bedford and adjoining counties. Cash advanced on judgments, notes, military and i other claims. Has for sale Town lots in Tatesville, and St. Jo seph's, on Beoforri Railroad. Farms and unimproved land, from one acre to 150 acres to suit purchasers. Office nearly opposite the "Mengel Hotel" and Btnk of Heed & Schell. April 1, 1864—1 y , J. P.. LURBORROW, ATTORNEY AT LAW, BEDFORD, 7M. Office one door South of the '-Mangel House." Will attend promptly to all business entrusted to his care in Bedford and adjoining counties. Having also been regularly licensed to prosecute claims against the Government, particular attention will be given to the collection of Military claims of all kinds; pensions, back pay, bounty. bounty loans, Sec. April 1, ISC4. ESI'V M- ALSIP, ATTORNEY AT LAW, BEDFORD, PA. Will faithfully and promptly attend to all business entrusted to his cate in Bedford aod aojoining coun- j ties. Military claims, back pay, bounty, inc., ; speedily collected. Office with Mann & Spang, on Juliana street, two doors South of the Mengel House. .lan. 22, '64. . H. AKERS . ATTORNEY AT LAW, Bedford, Pa. Will promptlj attend to all business entrusted to his care. Military claims speedily collected. on Julianna street, opposito the Bunk* <*e door north of John Palmer's office. Bedford, September 11, 1863. F. M. KIMJIBLL. - J. W. LixaE.XKBi.TBR KIMMELL &JJNCJENFELTER, ATTORNEYS AT LAW, BEDFORD, PA KTHave formed a partnership in tb* practice of the Law. Office on Juliana street, two doors South of the "Mengel House." G- £ SPANG. ATTORNEY AT LAW, BEDFORD, PA. Will promptly attend to collections and ell busi ness entrusted to his care in Bedford and adjoining counties. on. luliana Street, three door south of the "Mengel House," opposite the residence of Mrs. Tate. May 13, 156-5. j JOHN P. REE uT ATTORNEY AT LAW, BF.DFORD, PA., j Respect fully tenders his services to the Public. nyoffice second door North of tho Mengel House. n<,jfo,.i, , i. IS6I. To !I N VAL M E P., ATTORNEY AT LAW, BEDFORD, FA. j promptly attend to a'l business entrur ted to his rare. Office on Julianna Street, (near-; ly opposite the Mengel House.) Bedford, Aug. 1, 1861. i H. COFFIIGTH, ATTORNEY AT LAW. Somerset, Pa. Will bereaft. r practice regularly in trie several ; Courts of Bedford-county. Business entrusted to his care will be faithfully attended to. Dacembar 6, IS6I. j F. C. DOYLE, M. D., Tenders his professional services to the citizens of Bloody Run and vicinity. Office next door to the hotej of John C. Black. [June 10, 1864. J. LTMARBOURG-, M. D. Having permanently located, respectfully tenders his professional services to the citizens of Bedford and vicinity. Office on West Pitt street, south side, nearly op posite the Union Hotel. Bedford, February 12, 156 L F. M. MARBOTJRG, M, D., SCHELLSBURG, PA, Tende r s his professional services to the people of that place and vicinity. Office immediately oppo site the store of John E. Colvin, in the room for merly occupied by J. Heniy Schell. July 1, 1864. DAVID BEFIBMJGE, G U N S M 1 T II , BEDFOI.O, PA., Workshop same as formerly occupied by John Border, deceased. Rifles and other guns made to or der, in the best style and on reasonable terms. Spe cial cttention will be given to the repairing of fire arms. July 1, 1864—1y. BA3I IK L K K TTE R M I N , BEDFORD, PA., (OrWould hereby notify the citizens of Bedford county, thai he has moved ro the Borough of i ed ford, where he may at a'.i times be ,ound by persons wishing to see him, unless absent upon business pertaining to his office. Bedford, Aug. 1,1861. _ JACOB RERI>, J J- Scbbll, REED AND SCIIELL, BANKERS fc DEALERS IN EXCHANGE, BEDFORD, PENN'A. CyDRAFTS bought and sold, collections roadt-' and money promptly remitted. Deposits solicited. 1 AkSIP & SON. Auctioneers s fpsmissios Merchants. BEDFORD, PA.. •^^te s cs:- mvATB8 * te ' _ BKDPORTI, pHTT.AOKr.PHJA; . . Philip Ford & Co., S° n . J ° b y. p.'ugh.rty Boyd & Hoogh, Hort. • Armor Young At Bros., Y. Meyf ,s * January 1, ISC4 —tf. ydraial SCHOOL. J. W. DICKERSON, Principal. ii. W- FISHER, Assistant Principal. The County Normal School will begin in 3edford on Monday, August Bth. Arrangements have been made to offer the teachers of the county t.-.u beg. possible advantages, Boarding $2.25 per week.—- Teachers will be charged a tuition fee barely enough to defray necessary expenses. Others will be charg ed from $6.00 to s6 4)o,according to stadies pursued. June 14, 164-4t. if-'. - -if .< i ..... 4 * * " "' V: " • *:*.seliSft; *•- i v ■tigfcKv. ■ g£& .- - ... xv VOLUME 59. NEW SERIES. EX-SECRETARY CHASE. Mr. Thurlow Weed's Opinion of Him. CACSK FOR REJOICING TIT AT HE 13 OUT OF THE CAHINBT. [From the Albany Evening JuurnalJ EX-fjECRETAHT CHASE. 'ho "despotism" from which I felt, In com- , raon with emancipated thousands, a scene of re lief, is well understood at Washington. Mr. Chase, in the exorcise of the vast patronage of his department, was a despot, lie preserved his power over the President by reiterated threats to resign. Mr. Lincoln, under the erroneous impression that he eould not dispense with the services of his Secretary of the Treasury, yield ed and endured until human patience was ex hausted. Mr. Chase tried rcsignati >n dodge once too often. Mr. Lincoln's error was in liv ing so long in torment. The final breach was occasioned by thr refusal of Mr. Lincoln to rat ify an improper appointment. In declining— to accept Mr. Chase's nominee, Mr. Lincoln j suggested Richard M. Blatchford, Dudley S. Gregory, or Thomas hillhouse, as Assistant Treasurer ; but Mr. Chase was inflexible—des potic —Mr. Field or resignation ! In view of tho notoriously unworthy men with whom Mr. j Chase had surrounded himself, Mr. Lincoln I was certainly justified in pausing. Mr. Chase I not lons previously had made the Fame point j in relation to a New York Custom House ap- 1 pointtnent, and tho President yielded. The or ganization of the New York Customs House is a living burning disgrace. Mr. Chase hud evi dence of infamous practices, but refused to act. When charges showing that the enemy was re ceiving supplies through the Custom Houseware -o rife that the I'resident, in December last, ! called the Secretary's attention to them, he re- j plied curtly that he had "no information affect ing the integrity of the Collector.' He had, however, abundance of information affecting the integrity of other officials but instead of re mc'. ingThcm, his special agent spent mouths in efforts to strangle investigations and cover up rascalities. Mr. Chase knew that there were j men in the Custom House whose only service • was to sign a pay-roll. He knew that other were dishonest—that one was detected in leaving : his department with goods concealed upon his . person. He has known for three ycare that gross Custom-House disouesty exists at Oswego, j 13ut he gave no "sign." Mr. Clark, whom he | placed at the head of the money bureau at Wash- ! ington, had been exposed officially, for dishon esty in tho extension of the Treasury building, < And vet he place!! that man in a position of c-1 verwhelming trust'. He not only placed a ta-I boced man in such a position, but refused to re move hi in on the report of his own Solicitor of the Treasury, Mr. Jordan, who in April iast, in a letter to Mr. Chase, said : TUFA ■; NV DEPARTMENT, SOLICITOR'S OFETCE, April 10 — Sir: 1 have the honor herewith to transmit a report made to me by Colonel L. C, Baker, together with a number of affidavits, affecting the conduct and character of S. M. Clark and G. A. Henderson. In accordance with your instruction I exhib ited these affidavits io Mr. Clark, stating to him that 1 did so by your direction, and in order that he might have an opportunity to make such explanation or reply as he should deem proper. I lis rcjdy to me was, that as to anything al leged against him impeaching his conduct or character as an officer of this department, lie denied it utterly, and that as to any other mat ter be scorned to make any answer. I have further, in obedience of your order, called before mc most of the persons whose affi davits are herewith transmitted, and made such other inquiries as it has been in my power to make touching the matter stated in the affida vit? and the result L. an entire conviction that the most material of these statements are true; particularly those contained in the affidavits of Ella Jackson, Jennie Gernion and Laura Duvail. What action, if any, ought to be taken in view of these facts, is, of course, not a question i for me to consider. I have the honor to be, with high respect, (Signed) EDWARD JORDAN, Solicitor ot the Treasury. Hon. S. P. Chase, Sec'y. of the Treasury. There nre other and grave reaaons tor rejoic ing that Mr. Chase is out of the Cabinet. He abolitionlziid the Cabinet; and if our Govern ment should be overthrown and our Union sev ered, lie, as the chief of a class to which Suni nor, Greeley, l'hilips, etc., etc., Letong, will be responsible for the calamity —directly responsi ble—for they have perveried the war which should have waged against rebellion into a war for abolition, lacking the wisdom to perceive lhat the whole North could be united against rebellion. While upon their abolition programme the pnople are divided. Iu other words, ii wis er men had ruled, rebellion would have divided the South and united the North. As it is the South is intensely united, while the North is unhappily divided. But for Mr. Chase and his followers, the rebellion whould have had nar rower limits, embracing only the Gulf and some f iR& -::~, : ssippi Stales. But for Uieir mfiu intwJ mis .':?■> Border State would have been in the Cabinet. A ° c*mber, 18G0, that Tennessee, North • Western Virgiuia and Northern Alabama, were full of Union men, 1 was denounced and per secute by all the Ultra Abolitionists. But „.j. r ~„prv 'liscouragement —amid rapine and MP rov.du,b,.ru es Mr Cbn. would not. however, mam io tho lln'mn. nor rimer 'bem to rein n ™it a. Stale.. For tbe truth of rt? K.on that Mr. Chase would not allow the Border 1 States to remain iu the Union, I submit the fo.- lowing letter; " . WASHINGTON, February 9. Dear sir: —Thanks for your note and explanation of that vote. It ! may be useful. There i* a greater disposition Freedom of Thought and Opinion. BEDFORD, PA., FRIDAY MORNING, JULY 29, 1864. to compromise than 1 like to see. But I hope the best. Half a dozen of the Border States gentlemen have been in our room to-night. — Lthendge and Stokes of Tennessee; Adams and Bristow fc of Kentucky; Gilmer, of North Car j olios. and others. I really sympathize with I Lhein, but eee no reason why we should sacri fice permanently a large power to help them, for the purpose of gaining temporarily a little one. Yours, cordially, S. P. CHASE. W hea this letter was written, bold, devoted Union men in North Carolina and•Tennessee were struggling to keep their States in the TT nion, anxious to sustain the Government and to stand by the stars and stripes. The "Bor der States Proposition/' adopted by Congress, would have held them. Their members of Con gress went personally to "our room," Imploring aU. idr. Chase s "sympathy" was excited, but ha "saw no reason" for "sacrificing" AbcutioEsm i for tho UNION 1 What followed is historical.— Vv e liavo been involved for nearly four years in an abolition war. The influences that drove : North Carolina and Tennessee from the Union ! extorted an emancipation proclamation practical ' aud effective only in giving union and ddtcrmi nation to rebellion—a proclamation to which tho first slave has not owed his freedom, for it is only operative where our armies go, and with out tii© armies would have gone faster and farth- j er. An l let it be remembered that ail the while ; the Abolition demagogues and fanatics were aid ing bo' h rebellion and slavery. The North, u- j niteu, and free of the incubus of abolitionism, ; would have crushed rebellion, a..d with if the i cursed institution which struck at aud sought to ; divide the Union. If the South avert the pun ishment due to the great national crime of re- j hellion, they will owe their escape to the irisan- i lty of Abolitionists. It is thus that antagonisms work together. Arid here, to guard against . those who lay in want to pervert all I say, let me exempt Gerrit Smith, with others who have nobly given themselves to the duty of sustain ing the Government in its war against rebellion. Ilad the same degree of patriotism and Sense 1 governed Mr. Chase, leading members of Con gress, and influential journals, we should this i day rejoice in a trinmpl of the Government over the vanquished armies of the Confederacy, i consigning rebellion and slavery to a common ' grave. 1 did not, three years ago, mistake or magnify the evil of abolition influences, nor, though iiercely denounced, did 1 shrink from the duty of warning tho people. What then was only propionic is now history. Abolition i influences in Congress, and in the cabinet, have : doubled the millions of dollars, and deepened j the rivers of blood spent "and shed, iu a war • sway the Government, promises nothing bui v " interminable contiiet or an inglorious terrains- | tion. T. W. "GIVE, GIVE, GIVE!" The last call of President Lineom for five hundred thousand men, naturally provokes in quiry its to the number of :neu previously call ed to arms. The following table will show the ; number: Under President's rail, April ID, 1861, 77,871 Volunteers lor the war, 1561, 660,970 ; Under President's call oi July 1, '862, 300,000 j Militia called out in August, 1862, 300,000 I Militia called out in June, 1863, 120,000 I Bv conscription, Ju)\, 1803, suy 250,000 Since 17tU October, 1563, 700,000 Total, 2,408,546 Deduct militia and "three months" men, 497,885 Balance, 1,919,971 By the census of 1860 the free States num bered 17,924,000 souls. Delaware, Maryland, Missouri, Kentucky and West Virginia num bered 2.-330,000, of whom say two millions are in sympathy with ihe North, to put as "loyal"' a construction on matters as posrible. Add to these figures about one million free blacks r-nu "regenerated" slaves and the total population am aints toAwenty-one millions (21,000,000.) It is thus evident that one out of every elev en of the population has been drawn into the armies. According to this estimate two-fifths of the mule population between the ages oi lb' and 4-3 have been called out. Under fl.s draft of July, 18G3, the proportion in establishing quotas was one in throe, and as seven bun-'red thousand men have been secured since then, the above estimate is by no means wide of the ac tual figure. AUuost one-half the male popula tion between these ages has been already drawn. No allowance lias been made for those who arc disable;!, physically unfit, rec. The lu.-t draits show how large a number there are of this class- According to this view considerably more than cue-halt the LV A liable fighting population of the North Ims beer: called out. The fig urea a'oova give one million nine hundred and ten thousand nine huiuired and sixty-one men, who have entered the military service, without counting the one hundred and Ucenty thousand blacks officially announced as wearing the uni form of the nation, and the hundred days mili tia, to the number of fifty or sixly thousand, ! who went into service from the Western States. I If these were added the number would he swell ed to more than two millions of men ; hut com petent authorities compute that there remain, after deducting for re-enlisted men, losses by battle, disease. Ac., only about seven or eight hundred thousand men. The Age newspaper estimates the number at 060,000. Even these numbers are very great, and are thought by many persons to be sufficiently large, under good "enerals and prudential plans, to be sufficient for the purpose ot getting tho better of the en emy in arms. It is impossible to tell how or where the five hundred thousand now called for are to come from. It is true that Massachusetts and others I of the New England States may be up to time I yyith their quotas, having already posted their ' amenta off to th° insurrectionary States to en 'list negroes under the new enrollment act; out it wilfcome hard upon such States as our own, which has not yet laid its State pride at the feel of the farm servants, cooks and barbers of .Tef fii:on Davis. To be up with the rest, hower j cr, it will be necessary to Bend our agents, too, to the Southern States, and by enlisting enough I to till our quota, accomplish a three-fold object. ' j First, we will save our skins whole by having 1 Sambo's perforated; c eeond, we will prevent our remaining mala population from being kill ed off while the j-aukaes remain to inherit their estates; and, third, we will assist Mr. Lincoln j in his grand emancipation scheme of destroying i slavery and the Union at one blow. fhe'following from the National Intelligencer j sums up the matter of the late call so succinctly that little more need be said: 1. As in the case of individuals, o in the case of nations, nothing BO effectually exhausts the physical power of a nation as a spasmodic overstraining of its energies. : That from a population of 23,009,090 i not more than 509,000 can be advantageously ; diverted from the pursuits of productive indus try to the profession cf arms, and tiia! even this proportion was found excessive during the Na poleonic V/PiS. , iff That nothing so speedily tend? to exhaust j the military strength aud depress the military I spirit cf a people as successive call 9 for men in : l exaggerated numbers under the promise that each call will he the last, j i. That when the maximum number of men wk can be profitably diverted from the pursuits of productive industry has been reached, the , |se .t of military efficiency must be sought in i • wl c generalship, in the careful husbanding of J resources, and in the concentration of forces j rather than in the multiplication of troops. — ] Patriot Union. A HEW DRAFT ORDERED. Or'T for Fiye Hundred Thousand Men, 1 If the half a million of new soldiers for which , the President calls in his proclamation are need- ! ef the call is a cry of distress and a national j humiliation. The bogus proclamation of How ard called for only four-fifths as many, and that j inventive scamp is immured in Fort Lafayette j for conveying to the world the impression that ihe Virginia campaign was a failure. Certain it is, that public expectation is disappointed, | I and the country will not hesitate to inquire who i is responsible for the terrible and unavailing wa.ue of life which renders lire hundred thou- 1 sand new men necessary so soon after the open- i i i,: of a campaign that promised to be triumph- ' ; an'. Wo Bay "unavailing waste of lile," for we , cannot see that any substantial advantage has: be>a gained by our army since it left the Rap- ' i idr.n. It has recoiled again and again before < i rebel retrenchments; it is now ncstod by rebel ' Petersburg to Ifiohaaoiiil is tiffcgeh op oj frtgwl j retrenchments, placed at short intervals for the i i whole distance of twenty miles. "My plan," ' sw Mr. Lincoln called the overland march, has j cost iii (his single campaign more men than Na- : poleou or Wellington commanaed at Waterloo; j ' not more men than either of them lost, ve be- ' | seech our countrymen to mark, but more than ' eh her of them had to lose. And yet tho pros- ; ; pect of taking Richmond is not much better vlian the prospect ot taking Charleston. We trust the President in calling for so im i mens-' a levy lias considered its bearing on the ; national finances, as well as on our military j i prospects. It is equivalent to adding at least 1 three hundred millions to the fiscal estimates j for the vear. But how is this enormous addi- '■ tion to an otherwise large dejicit to be made iq. One of the last official acts of Mr. Chase, as- Secretary of the Treasury, was to make a strong ■| representation to Congress of the inadequacy of t!ie means it had provided for meeting the ux j penses of the year, although his estimate of the expenses was based on the Fize ot the army as il then stood. He employed (so a friend of his ( ' j publicly stated) careful experts to go over the : internal revenue tax, und they were unable to figure up more than two hundred and twenty j five millions as the receipts from that source, I during the fiscal year which commenced the first '! of the present month. Mr. Chaso estimated ; iliat the revenue from customs would not cx ' ! ceed sixty millions; accordingly, the whole in come of the government from the two main sour- P ces of revenue, would be only two hundred and : eighty-live millions. Now this new levy of five ' hundred thousand men will alone cost more " than that; to r-ay nothing of the existing army, ' the navy, and the expenses of civil administra • } tion. The financial effect oi this new call for : , soldiers is. therefore, precisely the same as if 1 i the President had drawn a sponge over the tariff • i and internal revenue laws, and had wiped tuem 1 out. And this tit a time when tho Treasury ' Department is staggering under its accumula ted burdens. Men enough arc to he added to I tho army to absorb all the taxes, and so leave , j the rovernment no resource but loans. The - ■ war, for aught we can sue, might us well break £ i down for wart of men as for want of money • to pay and support them. In tho first year of the war, five hundred thou - sand men were thought to be sufficient for all • purposes which could not be served by the ini - j litin. This opinion was expressed by Secretary - Cameron in his annual report in December, • I 1861. "With the object of reducing the vol unteer force to five hundred thousand," he said, t "I propose, with the consent of Congress, to r . consolidate such of the regiments as may, lrom e ! time to time, fall below the regular standard. 7 j The adoption of this measure will decrease the I i number of officers and proportionately diminish t the expenses of the army." In the same report, - , Secretary Cameron, quoting from Jomini, states i that the forces of Napoleon, on the Ist of June, e J 815, after exertions of great vigor to recruit o I litem, umounted to four hundred and fourteen 8 thousand mcu. At. that time Napoleon had the e | allied armies of Europe to contend against. We r j recur to these to show how far we arc i- exceeding all the old standards of military pru it denco in our expenditures. This substitution I, 1 of numbers for brains is an experiment whose st Buccess, thus far, does not very clearly justify f- its adoption. We are profoundly convinced WHOLE NUMBER, 105$ - j that had our army never exceeded five hundred , j thousand men. our military progress would have 11 been at lean equal, while our finances would 1 have undergone no perceptible derangement.— rj World. . Manifesto of the Confederate Congress. Wo are indebted to a friend for a copy of the Ilichmond Whin of the 13th inst., from which we copy the following manifesto which has been adopted by joint resolution of iho iabel Ccngres, i declaring the dispositions, principles and purpo ■ ses of the seceding States in relation to the ex isting war. It reads as follows: (Vhereas, it is due to the gre?t canst of hu manity and civilization, and especially to tho heroic sacrifices of their gallant army in the field, that no ra. ans, consistent with a proper self-respect and the approved usages of nations should be omitted by th- Confederate States to enlighten the public opinion of the world with regard to tho true character of the struggle in 'which they are engaged, and the dispositions, • principles and purr,, sby vhich they are acl j uated; therefore j Unsolved by the Congress of the Confederate j States of America, That the following manifesto j be issued iu their name and by their authority, ! and that the President be requested to eausi copies thereof to be transmitted to our commis sioners abroad to the end that the same may be ; laid before foreign Governments. MANIFESTO OF THE CONGEE 88 OF Til It CONKKDEE- ' ATE STATES OF AMERICA RELATIVE TO TIIF. EXIST ING WAR WITH THE UNITED STATES. The Congress of the Confederate States of America, acknowledging tiieir responsibility to the opinion of the civilized world, tiT the great law, of Christian philanthropy and to the Sti- ! preme llitler of the universe, for the part they have been compelled to in bear the sad spectacle ! ; of war and carnage which this continent has, j for the last three years, exhibited to the eyes of' afflicted humanity, deems the present a fitting j occasion to declare the principles, the sentiments | and the purposes by which they have been and j aro still actuated. | They have ever deeply deplored the necessi- j ! ty which constrained them to take up arms in ' deletion of their rights and the free institutions ; ' derived from their ancestors ; and there is noth- ' ! ing they more ardently desire than peace, when ' soever their enemy, by ceasing from their un- ' hallowed war waged u|>on them, shall permit! : them to enjoy in peace tho sheltering protection j | of those hereditary rights and of those cherish 'ed institutions. < i The series of successes with which it has rV orvrr* Aitrln'iir. C.-A.-Ir [ j invaded borders since the opening of the pre*- j ■ er.t campaign, enables us to profess this desire i oi" peace in the interest of civilization and hu ! manity witliout danger of having our motives j misinterpreted, or of the declaration being as- 1 cribed to any unmanly sen'imen. or any distrust of onr abili'y to maintain our cause. The re- ' prated and disastrous checks, foreshadowing ul timate discomfiture, which their gigantic army, : directed against the capita, of the Confedeacy, has already met with, are but a continuation of the same providential successes for us. We do ! not refer to these successes in any spirit of vain boasiing. but in humble acknowledgment of the Almighty protection which has vouchsafed and ' granted them. The world must now see that eight millions j -of people, inhabiting so extensive a territory, with such varied resources and such numerous facilities for defense as the benignant bounty I of nature has bestowed upon us, and, animated with one spirit to encounter every privation and sacrifice of ease, health, of property, of life ' itself, rather than he degraded from the condi tion of free and independent States into which 1 they were born, can never be conquered. Will | not our adversaries tl, 'inselvrs begin to feel i that humanity uas bled long enough: that tears : and blood and treasure "enough have been ex- j pended in a bootless undertaking covering their j own land, no less than ours, with a pall of. mourning, and exposing them, far more tiiaa I ourselves, to the catastrophe of financial ex- j haustion and bankruptcy, not to speak of the ! loss of their liberties by the despotism engen dered in an aggressive warfare upon the liber- 1 tins of another an 1 kindred people? Will they be willing, by longer prese vera nee in a wanton and hopeless contest, to make ibis continent, which they so long boasted to be the chosen a bode of liberty and self-government, of peace and a higher civilization, the theatre nt the most causeless and prodigal effusion of blood ■ which the world has ever seen, of a virtual rc ' lapse into the barbaris.a of the ruder ages, a i ; of the destruction of constitutional freedom by ■ the lawlessness of usurped power ? 'These are questions which our adversaries will decide for themselves. We desire to stand acquitted before the tribunal of the world, as - well as in the eves of Omniscient /Justice, of i , any responsibility for the origin or prolongation of a war so contrary to the spirit of tho age as ' i to the traditions and acknowledged miixuns of the political system of America. On this continent, whatever opinion may , • have prevailed slesawhere. it has ever been bold >' and acknowledged by all parlies that Govern i mcnt, to he lawful, must be founded on the j consent of the governed. We were forced to j dissolve our federal connection with our former i j associates by their nggressions on the funda , j mental principles of our compact of union with s j tliera ; and in doing so we exercised a right , ! consecrated in the great charter of American t liberty—the right of a free people, when a Gov -1 | ernment nroves destructive of the ends for j I which it was established, to recur to original s I principles and to institute new guards for their 2 | security. The separate independence of the - 1 States, ns sovereign and eo-equal members of a ; the Federal Union, had never been surrendered, e and the pretension of applying to independent y communities, so constituted and organized, the d ordinary rules of coercion, and reducing rebellious Ratea of 2fi>t>erttaing. One Square, three week* or lee*. $1 $$ Oi; Square, each additional insertion let* than three month* 90 3 MOHTH9. 6 HOMTIt. 1 TZA* One aquare • . ... $3 60 ft 75 *8 00 lwoq U ari 500 700 10 M i'bree squaraa ...... 650 900 li 00 i Column 12 CO 20 00 35 00 One Column 30 00 35 00 63 00 Adminiarrators'andKxecator** notice*, Au ditors' notices $1.50, if under 10 lines, $2.00 if more than a square and less than 20 line*. Kstrays, 1.25, if but one head i* advertised. 25 cents for every *<ldition*l head. Ihe sp tceoceupicd hy ten line* of this size of *ype rountsone square. All fractions of a square under five lines will be measured as a half square and all over five line* a, a <u! | #qna re . A Illegal advertisement* will be cWrged to t he person band ing them in? VOL. 7, NO 52. subjects to obedience was a solecism iu terms, as well as n outrage on the principle# of pub * lie law. The war made upon the Confederate States was, therefore, wholly one of aggression. Ou our side it )ia been strictly defensive. I torn freemen, and the descendants of a gallant an ' cesiry, we ln.d no option but to stand up in de fence of our invaded firesides, of car desecrated | altars, of our violated liberties and birthright, and of the prescriptive institutions which guard and protect them. We have not interfered, nor do v.a wish, iu any manner whatever, to inter fere with the internal peace and prosperity of the Stntes arrayed in hostility against us, or i with the freest development of their destinies in ] any form of action or line of policy they may J think proper to adopt for themselves. All wo : n*k, is alike immunity for ourselves, and to be ieft ia the undisturbed enjoyment of those ina j lienabie rights of ''life. liberty, and the pursuit ■ o' happiness," which our common ancestors de j dared to be the equal heritage of all the parties ! to the social compact. j Let them forbear aggres-ions upon us, and the war is at an end. If thoje be question which require adjustment by negotiation, v.- | have ever been willing and are still willing to • enter into communication with our adversaries Lin a spirit of peace, of equity, and manly frank ness. Strong in the persuasion of the justice !of our cause, in the gallant devotion of ou ' ; citizen soldiers, and of the whole body of our 1 people, and above ell in the gracious protection j of Heaven, we are not afraid to avow a. since? j desire for peace, ou terms consistent with c ; honor and the permanent security of our right:-, and an earnest aspiration to see the world one more resfore-i to the benefice-:f pursuits cf v dustry and oi mutual inte. ourse and exchange-. i so essential to its well being, and which Law : been so gravely interrupted by the existence of i this unnatural war in America. ' Bu' if our adversaries, or those whom thev ; have placed in authority, deaf to the voice c reason and justice, steeled against the dictates of both prudence and humanity by ihepresump | tuous and delusive confidence in their own nun> i hers, or those of their black and foreign merer-- ; naries, shall be determined upon an indefinite j prolongation of the contest, upon them be tic rcspons.bility of a decision so ruinous to them selves, and so injurious to the interests anl rc -1 pose of mankind. j For ourselves, we have no fear for the resnb . The wildest pictures ever drawn of a disordered imagination comes short of the extravagance which could dream of the conquest of eight millions of people, resolved with one mind "t • . t! j freemen rather than to live slaves," and fore !U WTIICU tuts war NAN UWU NNGUU JIMH and by the mad avowals of its patrons and sup -1 porters, of the worse than Egyptian bondag. that awaits them in the event of their snbjuga tfor.. With these declarations of our dispositions our principles, and our purposes, we commit our cause to the enlightened judgment of the world to the ruber rejection of our adversaries then - selves, and to the solemn and righteous arbitr. - ment of Heaven. IGfOld Abe fought magnificently and d - - peratelv in the trenches of la-. week. So his lickspittles say, although it i > not yet known whether he really at the tinv was aboard a gun-boat in the Potomac, or i j Philadelphia or llarrisburg. Nevertheless, h 'anciful exploits would supply the subject m i . .jr for a splendid epic poem. Who wili gra ; at immortality by wriffnig it? of his ]> sitions is said to have been thus— when the r.- - els had left: —Sleeves and pants rolled up, h: and boots lost, a big black bottle near by 1 hind a stone, the right eye blinked and a: • Abe Linco. A contraband guarding the "J>i Black" and a "proxy" volunteer reading ti original emancipation proclamation to the i , els ten miles off', make up tho back ground j the picture. When the "fight" was over (j:.i | Abe caiied for a "negro song," after which th • ! "Government" was made a Major General <> i the spot by the President. The contra ban I was allowed to keep the bottle—its content* | having disappeared, as a rolio of the "time* : that tried men's", —pantaloons. The "prox> ' threatened to follow up the rebels and staugktir ihem, but was dissuaded, and appointed to bun Abe's hat and boots, to do whicli he receive 1 a commission of Brigadier General.— L"ban<>.> Adivrtwer. How to Gkt 11M or C.v.TEiiriLLAEs. — THU following, which we clip from the e r , inay oe of interest to our thousands of ag i ricultural friends throughout the country : j Those of our readers who either have fruu i trees in their gaulens, or who cultivate large or i ehardi, will learn with much gratification that a certain instrumentality of destruction to cat i crpi liars has been discovered. That coal oil will cause instant death to these pcsU has been ! | proved beyond all doubt. On Saturday lest a i | letter was received at the Leader office, for pub f lieation, from one of our subscribers, an exten sive fanner in the township of Clerk, county of r Durham, stating the fact that, as a last resort, [ to endeavor to destrqy the caterpillars, hecx - perimentcd with foal oih Complete success at- leaded the experiment. A brmyh'of stiff feath- ers was made, and portions o£ 'the trees smear • od with the oil, in addition' t'pacing a small . quantity on the-nests. Instant death ensued, i TLio proprietor f the Lender at once tested the i oil on his- troqs at Glengrove Farm, Young street, i where the oaterpiltarihad collected in thousands - doing,fearful damage. In a couple of hoors r oie quart of it had cleared the orchard cotn -1 pletely qf caterpillars. The dead lay around r in all directions. The effect of th" oil on the e pests seemed miraculous: there was no long if delay to undergo, for one touch of the deadly I, substance to the nests spread desolation in all I directions. This is certainly a cheap remedy, c as well as a sure ono, and all our subscribers is troubled with caterpillars should adopt it,

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