TERMS OF PUBLICATION. THB BEFOHD GAZETTE is published every Fri day morning by MEYERS 4 MEROEL, at $2 00 per annum, if paid strictly in advance ; $2.50 if paid within six months; $3.00 if not paid within six months. All subscription accounts ]\lU$T be settled annually. No paper will he sent out of the State unless paid for IN ADVANCE, and all such subscriptions will invariably be discontinued at the expiration of the time for which they are paid. All ADVERTISEMENTS for a less term than three months TEN CENTS per line for each ln ertion. Special notices one-half additional All "esolutiins of Associations; communications of in.ited or individual interest, and notices of mar- Mages and deaths exceeding five line*, ten cents er line. Editorial notices fifteen cents per line. All legal Notices of every kind, and Orphans' Court and Judicial Sales, are. required by lave to be published in both papers published in this place. LJT 411 advertising due after first insertion. A liberal discount is made to persons advertising by the quarter, half year, or year, as follows : 3 months. 6 months. I year. ♦One square - - - $4 50 $® W Two squares ... 600 900 16 00 Three squares - - - 800 12 00 20 00 Quarter column - - 14 90 20 00 3o 00 Half column - - - 18 00 25 00 4a 00 One column ----30 00 _ 4o 00 80 00 ♦One square to occupy ene inch of space. JOB PRINTING, of every kind, done with neatness and dispatch. THE GAZETTE OFFICE has just been refitted with a Power Press and new type, and everything in the Printing line can be execu ted in the mogt artistic manner and at the lowest rates.—TERMS CASH. All letters should be addressd to MEYERS 4 MENGEL, Publishers. at Xau\ JOSEPH W. TATE, ATTORNEY f f AT LAW, BEDFORD, PA., will promptly attend to collections of bounty, back pay. 4c., ! and all business entrusted to his care in Bedford and adjoining counties. Cash advanced on judgments, notes, military and other claims. His for sale Town lots in Tatesville, where a good Church is erected, and where a large School House shall be built. Farms, Land and Timber Leave, from one acre to 500 acres to suit pur •turners. Office nearly opposite the u Mengel Hotel" and | Rank of Reed 4 Schell. April 6,1866 —ly J. MCD. BHARPE. E F. KERR. QIIARPE & KERR, ATTORNEYS AT LAW BEDFORD. PA., will practice in the courts of Bedford and adjoining counties Of fice on Juliana Bt., opposite the Banking House of Reed 4 Schell. | March 2, '66. R. DL'R BORROW. | JOHN LTLTZ. DU II BORRO W t% LITT Z , ATTORNEYS AT LAW. BEDFORD, PA., Will attend promptly to all business intrusted to their eare. Collections made on the shortest no tice. They are, also, regularly licensed Claim Agents and will give special attention to the prosecution of claims against the Government for Pensioas, Back Pay, Bounty, Bounty Lands, 4c. Office on Juliana street, one door South of the "Mengel House," and nearly opposite the Inquirer office. rOHN P.BEEP, ATTORNEY ATI fj LAW,' BEDFORD. PA. Respectfully tenders his services to the pnblic. Office second door North of the Mengel House. Bedford, Aug, 1, 1861. TOHN PALMER, ATTORNEY AT f ' LAW, BEDFORD, PA. Will promptly attend to all business entrusted to his care. Particular attention paid to the collection of Military claims. Office on Juliana Street, nearly •pposite the Mengel House. Bedford. Aug. 1. 1861. _ EjISPY M. ALSIP, ATTORNEY AT LAW r , BEDFORD, PA. Will faithfully and promptly attend to all business entrusted to his care in Bedford and adjoining counties. Military laims. back pay, bounty, 4c., speedily collected. Office with Mann 4 Spang, on Juliana street, to doors South of the Mengel House. Jan. 22, 1864, .M. KIMMELL. I J• W. LINGEXFELTER. \T IMMELL & LINGENFELTER, IV ATTORNEYS AT LAW, BEDFORD, PA., Have formed a partnership in the practice of he Law. Office on Juliana street, two doors South •ftba -'Mengel House," (1 11. SPANG, ATTORNEY AT J". LAW BEDFORD. PA. Will promptly at tend to collections and all business entrusted to his care in Bedford and adjoining counties. Office on Juliana Street, three doors south of tho '•Mengel House," opposite the residence of Mrs. Tate. May 13, 1864. B. F MEYERS. | J. W. DICKKRSON. l\/f EYEHS & DICKERSON, AT JJIJL TORNEYS AT LAW. Bedford, Pa., office same as formerly occupied by Hon. W. P. Schell, two doors east ol the GAZETTE office, will practice in the several courts of Bedford county. Pensions, bounty and back pay obtained and the purchase and sal# of real estate attended to. |mayll, 66. lOHN H. FILLER, Attorney at Lute, Bedford, Pa. Office nearly opposite the Post Office. [apr.2o,'66.—ly. £Uit.sirians and dentists. DR. GF.O. B. K Eli LEY, having permanently located in ST. CLAIRS VILLE, tenders his professional services to the citizens of that place and vicinity. nov2 66yl "ITT \V. JAMISON, M. D., BLOODY YV • kdn, Pa., tenders his professional servi ces to the people of that place and vicinity. Office one door west of Richard Langdon s store. Nov. 24, '65 —ly DR. J. L. MARBOURG, Having permanently located, respectfully tenders his professional services to the citizens of Bedford and vicinity. Office on Juliana street, east side, nearly opposite the Banking House of Reed 4 Schell. Bedford. February 12, 1864. Z. H. HICKOK, I J. G. MINNICH. JR., ¥\ENT I S T S , I ) BEDFORD, PA. Office in the Bank Building, Juliana St. AH operations pertaining to Surgical or Me chanical Dentistry carefully performed, and war ranted. Tooth Powders and mouth Washes, ex cellent articles, always on hand. Tfrms—CASH. Bedford. January 6,1865. riTU lUM PH IX DENTISTRY! TEETH EXTRACTED WITHOUT PAIN, by the use of Nitrous Oxide, and is attended with no danger whatever. TEETH INSERTED upon a new style of base, which is a combination of Gold and Vulcanite ; also, upon Vulcanite, Gold, Platina and Silver. TEMPORARY SETS inserted if called for. Special attention will be made to diseased gums and a cure warranted or no charge made. TEETH FILLED to last for life, and all work in the dental line done to the entire satisfaction of all or the money refunded. Priceg to correspond with the times. I have located permanently in Bedford, and shall visit Schellsburg the Ist Monday of each month, remaining one week ; Bloody Run the 3rd Monday, remaining one week ; the balance of my time I can be found at tny office, 3 doors South of the Court House, Bedford, Pa. n0v.16,'66. WM. W. VAN ORMER, Dentist. DR. H V I RGI L POUTER, (late of New York City,) DENTIST, Would respectfully inform his numerous friends, and the public generally, that he has located per manently in Bloody Run, where he may be found at all times prepared to insert full or partial sets of his BEAUTIFUL ARTIFICIAL TEETH on new and improved principles. • Teeth filled in a superior manner. Teeth extracted without pain. All operations warranted. feblotf. DAN lELBORDER7 PITT STREET, TWO DOORS WEST OF THE BED FORD HOTEL, BEDFORD, PA. WATCHMAKER AND DEALER IN JEWEL RY, SPECTACLES, 4C. He keeps on hand a stock of fine Gold and Sil er Watches, Spectacles of Brilliant Double Re .ined Glasses, also Scotch Pebble Glasses. Gold Watch Chains, Breast Pins, Finger Rings, best quality of Gold Pens. He will supply to order any thing in his line not on hand. Oct. 20, 1865- T>R IXTERS' INK has made many a Ybusiness man rich We ask you to try it in tS# ixjiuicn' of TH# GAZETTR £I)C tlcbforil (ftnjcttc. BY MEYERS & MENGEL pni-ftoote, (ftrormcs, &r. . i ****** * * * * * MEW GOODS! FALL A- WINTER! The undersigned have now opened a large nnd general assortment of FALL AND WINTER GOODS, FALL AND WINTER GOODS, to which they respectfully invite the attention of buyers, confident they can offer BARGAINS! BARGAINS! BARGAINS! BA RGAINS! B A RGAINS! In every department. LjT CALL AND EXAMINE OUR STOCK. You can be SUITED at the LOWEST PRICES. THERMS: JJET CASH or PRODUCE. When credit is £3°" g' v en, in ALL cases after six MONTHS, interest will be .JTJ charged in the IJsr "account. A. B. CRAMER A CO. ###*♦* * * * * * oct26 ]V"EW GOODS! NEW GOODS A large and complete stock of FALL AND WINTER GOODS, just received and opened at J. M. SHOEMAKER'S, No. 1 Anderson's Row—bought just at the right time. • The following comprise a few of our goods : DRY GOODS: Calicoes. Delaines, Coburg Cloths, French Meri noes, Alpacas, Flannels, Ginghams, all wool De laines, all colors, large stock of bleached and un bleached Muslins. Cloths, Cassimeres, Satinetts, Jeans, Tweeds, 4c., 4e. BOOTS AND SHOES; A large assortment of Men's and Boys' Boots and Shoes Ladies" Misses' and Children's Boots. Shoes and Gaiters, all prices, and sizes to suit everybody. CLOTHING: A very large stock of Men's and Boys' Coats, Pants and Vests, all sizes, and prices to suit the times. HATS AND CAPS; A complete assortment of all kinds, sizes and prices. GROCERIES, SPICES, 4c.: Coffee. Sugar, Lovering and other Syrups, Molas ses, Tea, Kice, Tobacco, Spices, Ac. LEATHER: A prime article Sole Leather, Calf Skins, Kip and Upper Leather an Linings. COTTON CHAINS, Single and Double, all numbers, cheap. CEDAR AND WILLOW WARE, Tnbs, Buckets, Brooms, Baskets, Ac. Call and see our stock of Goods and be convinced that No. 1 Anderson's Row, is the place to get bargains. J. M. SHOEMAKER, sep. 28,'66. \TK\V STORE!! NEW GOODSD xN -AT- M ILL-TOWN, two miles West of Bedford, where the subscriber has opened out a splendid assortment of Drv-Goods, Groceries, Notions, &c\, Ac. All wnich will be sold at the u.ost reasonable prices. Dress Goods, best quality. Everybody buys 'em. Muslins, " '• Everybody buys em Groceries, all kinds, Everybody buys 'em. Hardware, Quecnsware, Glassware, Ccdarware.Ac. and a general variety of everything usually kept in a country store. Everybody buys 'em. Call and examine our goods. dec7,'66. G. YEAGER -1807." - R - wi:; AT IT AGAIN! AND A rare CHANCE for BARGAINS! JAMES B. FARQUHAR Is pleased to state to his friends and former custo mers, that he has RESUMED BUSINESS IN BEDFORD, at the well known P. A. Reed stand, opposite the Bedford Hotel, where he is prepared to sell everything in his line, CHEAPER THAN THE CHEAPEST ! He has a full line of Dry-Goods, Ready-Made Clothing, Boots and Shoes, which have been purchased at very low prices, and will be sold at a very small advance. IX 5- Call and examine our stock. jan,18,'67. ganhfrs. JACOB REED, | J. J. SCHELL, REED AND scHE LL , Bankers and DEALERS IN EXCHANGE, BEDFORD, PA., DRAFTS bought and sold, collections made and money promptly remitted. Deposits solicited. RUI'P & SHANNON, BANKERS, BEDFORD, PA. , BANK OF DISCOUNT AND DEPOSIT. COLLECTIONS made for- the East, West, North and South, and the general business of Exchange transacted. Notes and Accounts Collected and Remittanses promptly made. REAL ESTATE bought and sold. febB P ICHARD LEO, Manufacturer of CABINET-WARE, CHAIRS, &C., BEDFORD, PA., The undersigned being engaged in the Cabinet making business, will make to order and keep hand everything in his line of manufacture. BUREAUS, DRESSING STANDS, PARLOR AND KXTEN SION TABLES, CHAIRS, BEDSTEADS, WASH STANDS, AC., AC., will be furbished at all prices, and to suit every taste. COFFINS will also be made to order. attention paid to all orders for work. on West Pitt Street, nearly opposite the residence of George Shuck. July lfl, 18 —ef RICHARD LEO A \ IRISHMAN'S UIRB. The following: characteristic letter, written by a Hibernian of six years' experience of American institutions, we copy from an exchange: NEW YORK, Feb. the 14. My dear Mary, the darlint of me hart and sowl, I am well, but had the favor and agor, and I hope you are in the same condition, thanks be to God. I wish you many happy New Years, and the children, and hope you will have three score and tin of thim. We < had Christmas here, but the haythens ; don't kape it like we used at home. Divil the one iver said to me, many happy Christmas, or bad luck to ye, or any other politeness. I didn't get a Christmas box until I was goin home that night, and a night walkin' blag gard gave me one on the eye, and axed me for me money. I gave him all I could, about a score of poundtf, which knocked the cents out of him. They tell me that the nagur is going to be the white man in future, and that the white nagurs in Congress (a public house in Washington) are goin to try the President for being a white man. If they find him guilty, and there's no doubt about it, for they are accusers, witnesses, lawyers, judges, all in one, they're goin to execute the executive, make a fellow called Cold facts presi dent, and remove the sate of govern ment to a place called Bosh-ton, cele brated for its Republicans and sinners. Thim is the same as the rediculous fel lows they call ridicules—no radicals— saving your presence. They want to continue theirown power—God betune us and all harm. They say the .South erners must go down on their knees to them. They forgot that the poor div ils are flat on their backs in the dust al ready, and they're a mane set to kick a man whin he is down. Be jabers it makes me blood bile to think of it, and that's the rason I'm running over this paper. One war is no sooner over than they commence the beginning of an other in Washington, and God only knows where, or whin it may end. I lost one tine leg in the last, but I have another left for a good cause, and I'll tight for Johnson, for I hear his great grandmother by his forefather's side, was an Irishman. We have snow and frost here now, and it is likely we will have more wea ther. The temperance men—God save the mark—in a place called Albany, where the people send Ripresentatives to chate them, have stopped our grog, only by daylight. Divil a much mat ter anyways, for they don't kape a dhrap of dacent drink in the country — no rale ould Irish potheen, a tumbler of which would charm the heart of a wheelbarrow, or make shovel douce— nothing at all but stuff that would kill a pig if he had to live 011 it, much less a Christian baste. Remimberme to Jim ; toil him he's well, .and ask him how I am. Tell Tady McFinn if he comes out here, he'll see more of America in one day than if he staid at home all his life. I'm glad his wife got over the twins, and hope she'll do better next time. There's room for improvement. I like this country, but there's no place like ould Ireland, where you'd get as much whisky for a shilling as would make tay for six people. If you don't git this, write and let me know. If you don't write soon I may be dead, tor life is oncertain under the radicals, but dead or alive, I'll answer your let ter. Address your dear brother Jim my, New York, America, and I'll axe for a letter from me darlint sister. POL'LTRY.-STRAY GRAIN*. Garlic fed once or twice a week is excellent for colds. See that plenty of pure water is with in easy reach of your chickens on frosty mornings. Also feed early. Pulverized charcoal given occasion ally is a preventive of putrid affections to which fowls are very subject. Feed your poultry raw onions chop ped tine mixed with other food, about twice a week. It is better than a doz en cures for chicken cholera. Pulverized chalk administered with soft feed will cure diarrhoea. This disorder is caused by want ot variety in the food, or by too much green food. Close up all cracks in poultry houses near the roosting poles. Fowls very much dislike air which reaches them through cracks and crevices. Fowls exposed to dampness are apt to be troubled with catarrh, which will run to croup if not attended to. Red pepper mixed with soft feed, fed seve ral times a week, will relieve the cold. The place where the young chickens retire to ought to have a dry floor and be kept scrupulously clean, and as the floor is the coldest part of a room, their roosting box ought not to be more than twelve inches high, and to be slanting, which will keep the warm air in the roost. Setting hens can be cured by putting water in a vessel to the depth of one inch, putting the hen into and cover ing the top of the vessel for about twenty-four hours. The vessel should be deep enough to allow the fowl to stand up. Give it air. Earth-worms are greatly relished by confined fowls. Take a spade once a day °.nd turn over the ground for your hens. They will soon run after you when they see you with the spade, and will amply reward you for the extra trouble to accommodate them by an Increased supply of egg*. BEDFORD, PA., FRIDAY MORNING, MARCH 29, 1867. Because they are afraid of the enor- I mous expenses of housekeeping. It requires a little fortune, now, to buy a house, and every article of furniture costs about three times, as much as it did years ago. Young men of spirit (and they are the only ones worth hav ing now) begin to count the cost of wed lock. When they see the extravagi nt length to which our daughters go in their dress; when they look at the splen did mansions in which their fathers live, their minds begin to run in this' channel: "She is a charming girl; in fact too good for me; but to place such a trusting creature in a condition infe rior to the one in which she now finds herself, would be dishonorable, and I must forego the happiness of marrying her, even were she willing, until I have obtained the means of placing her in a social position worthy of her." And while he is bending his energies to bring about this end, years creep on; opinions have changed, views of life have altered; the affections have become chilled and the mind hardened with attritions of men; preferences have been diverted, and in too many cases an old bachelor and an old maid occupy the places which otherwise might have been the abode of a happy family anda delightful association. Everybody ought to get married who can boast of three things, First, a sound body; second, a sound mind; third a good trade. This as to men. And as to women, they should possess good health, tidiness and industry. With these any young couple can get as rich as they ought to be, or as rich as is nec essary to an enjoyable life, if they will only go to housekeeping a little below their ability. The young should have courage to live within their means; to have more pride in the consciousness that they
have a little spare money at home, than in living in a style which keeps them all the time cramped in maintain ing. Better to live in one room, with all the furniture your own, than occu py a whole house with scarcely a chair or table paid for. "MINE GOT VAT A PEOPLES." Since the burial corps of the Federal Government commenced the work of disinterring the remains of Federal soldiers, who were killed in the battles in Spottsylvania and the adjoining counties, many persons have come on from the North for the purpose of re moving the remains of their friends to their homes, and many dodges are re sorted to to escape the payment of the freight on these remains. A day or two since a man presented himself at one of the depots near Fredericksburg, intending to tai e passage on the train for Acquia Creek, and thence byway of Washington, to his home in New England. He had with him a candle box, which he wished to take on as bag gage.—The agent of the road, suspect ing that it was something more than is usually carried as baggage, refused to allow him to do so, and on investiga tion, it was found that he had collected the bones of his brother and put them in this small box. When he was in formed that box of bones could not go as baggage, he concluded not to go that day, and left the station. The next day he turned up again with his bones in a carpet bag, and thus succeeded in carrying theni as baggage. A day or two since, two females came on, on a similar errand. They stopped in Fred ericksburg, and, after collecting the bones of their friend, packed them in their trunk amongst their clothing, to escape paying freight on them. Some years since, a new Prussian minister reached Washington onenight and put up at oue of the hotels on Penn sylvania Avenue. The next morning at breakfast, an altercation arose be tween a member of Congress and one of the waiters. Not many words pass ed before the member of Congressdrew a pistol and shot the waiter.—The Prussian, thinking that affairs of this kind were of daily occurrence, raised his hands and exclaimed, "Mine Got, vat a peoples!" FREEDOM. —A Washington paper, in reviewing passing events, well says: that "Freedom languishes amid the clatter of muskets and the clang of swords. Judicial justice demands pa tience, investigation, ample leisure and unbiased will. It deals in precedents and applies well-established principles. It laboriously establishes facts and searchingly sifts evidence. It can only be secured by the calm deliberation and skilful labors of men learned in the law and skilled in legal investigation. But military justice must be prompt for the virtue of the soldier is decision. It has no time and less taste for labor ed inquiry. It is always more or less tainted with passion, for the camp breeds the atmosphere of contention. It is at the mercy of adroit flattery or the keen hope of promotion. It de spises the poor and slights the uninflu ential. It is warped by the hand of beauty, and too often perverted by pet ty malice and the baseness of revenge. Yet this is the kind of justice that the House of Representatives would ad minister to one-third of their country men." A flower garden is the cheapest and most attractive ornament, any dwell ing, whether in town or country can possibly have for both boast and beau ty. THE MEN WON'T PROPONE. ' SOLITUDE OF SINGLE WOMEN. The following contribution portrays the forbearance of woman, a christian virtue rarely possessed by the opposite sex. Frequently a life of celibacy is borne by the latter from unknown cau ses; It is a condition to which a single woman must make up her mind, that the close of her days will be more or less solitary. Yet there is a solitude which old age feels to he natural and satisfiying as that rest which seems such an irksomeness to youth, but which gradually grows into the best blessings of our lives; and there is an other solitude so full of peace and hope that it is like Jacob's sleep in the wil derness at the foot of the laddei! of an gels : ••All things are less dreadful than they seem." And it may bethattheextreme lone liness which, viewed afar oft', appears to an unmarried woman as one of the saddest of the inevitable results of her lot shall by that time have lost all pain, and be regarded butas thequiet, dreamy hour "between the lights;" when the day's work is done we lean back, clo sing our eyes, to think it all over, be fore we Anally go to rest, or to look forward in faith and hope, unto the coming. A finished life—a life which has made the most of all the materials granted to it, and through which, be its web dark or bright; its pattern clear or cloudy, now can be traced plainly the hand of the great Designer; surely this is worth living for. And although at its end, it may be some what lonely, though a servant's, and not a daughter's arm, may guide the falling step, though most likely it will be strangers only who come around the dying bed, close the eyes that no hus band ever kissed, and draw the shroud over the poor withered breast, where no child's head had ever lain ; still such a life is not to be pitied, for it is a com pleted life. It has fulfilled its appoint ed course, and returns to the Giver of all breath as pure as He that gave it. PITBE, PERFECT POETRY. What is poetry ? A smile, a tear, a longing after the things of Eternity. It Jives in all created existences—in man and every object that surrounds him. There is a poetry in the gentle influences of love and affection, in the quiet broodings of the soul over the memories of early years, and in the thoughts of glory that chain our spir its to the gates of Paradise. There is poetry in the harmonies of nature. It glitters in the wave, the rainbow, the lightning and the star—its cadence is heard in the thunder and in the cata ract —the softer tones gurgle sweetly from the thousand voice harps of the wind, and rivulet, and forest—the clouds and sky go floating over us to the music of melodies —and it minis ters to Heaven from the mountains of the earth, the untrodden shrines of the ocean. i There's not a moonlight ray that comes down upon stream or hill, not a breeze calling from its blue air-throue to the birds of the summer valleys, or sounding through midnight rains its low and mournful dirge over the per ishing flowers of spring ; not a cloud bathing itself like an angel vision in the rosy gushesof theautunm twilight, nor a rock glowing in the yellow star light, but is full of the beautiful influ ences of poetry. Earth and Heaven are quickened by its spirit, and the heavings of the great deep in tempest and in calm are but its secret and mys terious breathings. THE WESTERN WONDER. The greatest wonder, in the State of lowa, and perhaps any other State, is what they call the "Walled Lake," in Weight county, twelve miles north of the Dubuque and Pacific Railway, and about one hundredand fifty miles west of Dubuque City. The water is from two to three feet higher than the earth's surface. In most places the wall is ten feet high, width at bottom fifteen feet, at the top five. Another fact is the size of the stone used in its construction ; the whole is of stone varying in weight from three tons down to one hundred pounds. There is an abundance of stones in Weight county; but surrounding the lake to the extent of five and ten miles there are none. No one can form an idea as to the means employed to bring them to the spot, or who constructed it. Around the entire lake is a belt of woodland, half a mile in width, coin posed of oak ; with this exception the country is a rollingprairie. The trees, therefore, must have been placed there at the time of building the wall. In the spring of 1856 there was a great storm, and the ice on the lake broke the wall in several places, and the farmers in that vicinity were obli ged to repair the damages to prevent inundation. The lake occupies a ground surface of 1900 acres, depth of water as great as twenty-five feet. The water is clear and cold, the soil sandy and loamy. It is singular that no one has been a ble to ascertain where the water comes from and where it goes to, yet it al ways remains clear and fresh. "IN some places out west the grass hoppers have destroyed everything but grass widows. A MERCHANT'S advice in selecting a wife, was, "Get hold of a piece of calico that will VOL. 61.—WH0LE No. 5,386. NATIONAL CEMETERIES. A Washington correspondent of the Rochester Democrat furnishes the fol lowing information from official sourc es. There are in command of General Thomas the following national ceme teries: At Natches, on of six acres, contain ing about 2,500 dead. Vicksburg, one of twenty acres, con taining about 15,000. Memphis, twenty-five acres, about 12,000 graves. The dead from Colum bus, Ky., to Helena, Ark., along the Mississippi river, are gathered here. From Helena to Grand Gulf they are interred at Vicksburg. Corinth has one of twenty acres. It contains about 6,000. Pittsburg Landing, twelve acres and 4,000 graves. This contains the dead from up and down the Tennessee riv er. Fort Donelson, twenty acres, and 3,- 500 graves, containing dead of that field, all along the Cumberland below Nashville. Nashville, sixty-two acres, and 18,000 graves. This contains the bodies from many hospitals and a wide region of country. Stone River, sixteen acres, and 5,000 graves. Chattanooga, seventy-five acres, and 12,000 graves. Knoxville, four acres, and about 3,- 000 graves. Marietta, Ga., twenty-five acres, and 10,000 graves. Andersonville, about 15,000 graves. Millen, 1,000 graves; small enclosure. Savannah, 3,000 graves. Cumberland Gap, Ky., 350 graves. Loudon, 300; Mill Springs, over 500; Perryville 1,200; Camp Nelson, 1,500; Lebanon 150. In the city cemeteries there are col lected at Covington, Ky., 600 dead; Lexington, 1,000; Richmond, 500; Dan ville 400. At Columbia, Tenn., there are 1,200 graves. At Montgomery, Ala., about 50C graves; in Mobile, 1,000. Too TRUE. —Says the Old Common wealth : "When a people are in the throes of a violent political revolution men ol mean capacity and brutal passion.- come to the surface, and for a time the Pest intellects and men of virtue anci great social and moral worth, from an instinctive abhorence of, and fear O; contamination by association, shrink from public duties and places of public trust." Consider society an ocean. The waves, lashed by the storms of opinion and prejudice, have agitated that ocean to the very bottom', antT cast to the surface all the human dregsand garbage which, during the still weather of peace, had settled out of sight. Glance, for a mo ment, at the characters and doings ol the persons who have been foisted into high positions through carelessness, pas sion and fraud, during the past fewyean of popular agitation. Seethe Butlers, Stevenses, Ashleys, Scheneks, and the rest of that class, who are the storm-cast settlings from the dark and horrid cav erns of life's ocean. The whole current is foul through which they have passed to the surface. Their presence and em anations have spread impurity far and wide, until every class of society, and every branch, almost, of the public ser vice is tainted with crime. Time and quietude would bring relief by sending those filthy and destructive elements back to their dens of darkness, but, knowing this they re-act with their storm-given power upon the waves of passion and prejudice, and are thus hurled again and again to the surface, where, with the froth and foam, they keep up a boil and whirl destructive as a maelstrom to everything that comes within reach. That they are persons of mean and brutal passions no one can deny, and that, in peace, they would sink into oblivion is equally undenia ble. So long, however, as the people will permit themselves to be acted up on through their passions and to be kept in a constant state of morbid ex citement by those cunning and selfish actors, so long will the country suffer for want of men of true merit and real patriotism as directors and legislators. —Patriot & Union. ROTATION IN CROPS. The physiology of plants is such, says the Rural New Yorker, that scarcely any two of them take from the ground or the atmosphere the same kind 01 nutriment in equal proportions. Hence it follows that in continuous cropping of the same product, much of the pro ductive power of the soil and of the fer tilizers combined with it. is lost or re main inert. This loss may be retrieved by a judicious system of rotation, by which means all the elements of growth are brought into successive action and rendered available for farm products. Perhaps the order of the crops is not of special importance. One might be gin a system with corn; follow with oats, then wheat or rye; and theu pas ture or meadow, according to the tastes or necessities of the farmer. Some lands will do well in pasture for a series of years. So of the meadows, but as a general rule, the best results are attain ed by changes every three or four years at the most. If oftener made the chan ces of remuneration are believed to be improved, while the soil so relieved of the thousand noxious plants which im pair its vitality without returning any thing of value byway of recompense. ISRTIE\(E or WIVES. It was not all a dream which made the wife of Julius Csesar so anxious that he should not go to the Senate Chamber on the fatal Ides of March ; and had he complied with her entreat ies he might have escaped the dagger jof Brutus. Disaster followed disaster j in the career of Napoleon, from the time he ceased to feel the balance-wheel of Josephine's influence on his impet uous spirit. Our own Washington, when important questions were sub mitted to him, often has said that he would like to carry the subject to his bedchamber before he had formed his decision; and those who knew the clear judgment and elevated purpose of Mrs. Washington, thought all the better of him for wishing to make her his con fidential counsellor. Indeed the great majority of men, who have acquired for themselves a good and great name, were not only married men—but hap pily married—both paired and matched. EHITT TREES. As the season for tree-planting is near at hand, the American Agriculturist gives a word of caution against the common practice of ordering large trees. A small, well grown tree, with an abundance of small roots, is greatly to be preferred to a tall, much branched one, with its large roots chopped off in digging. Some of the best western or chardists prefer trees one year from the bud or graft to any other. Plant whenever the soil is ready, ta king care first to trim mutilated roots, and shorten back the top. Planting, the present wet state of the soil consid ered, will generally be left until next month. Two WAYS OF DOING A THING.— In the train from Harrisburg was a gen tlemanly Jack Tar, in a go-ashore out fit, jolly, genteel and happy, with a de cidedly pretty specimen of eighteen year old crinoline, to whom he had been a week spliced, and was convey ing Philadelphia-ward. Opposite Jack and his wife were a couple that anyone could see were on a honeymoon cruise, the bride all blushes, beauty and bash fulness, and the gallant bridegroom all devotion and endearment. At one of the way stations the cars stopped, and the careful bridegroom thus addressed his timid bride: "My love, I am about to step out a few moments for refreshments. Do not be alarmed during my absence." Gentleman Jack took the cue; and patting his little wife on the shoulder, sung out as if he were hauling the maintop-gallant-yard in a gale of wind : "I say, wifey, I'm going a shore to wet my whistle; don't tumble over board while I'm gone." TIIE SOUL MADE VISIBLE.— Every one knows tnat in every human face there is an impalpable, immaterial something, which we call "expression," which seems to be, as it were, "the soul made visible." Where minds live in the region of pure thoughts and happy emotions, the felicities and sanctities of the inner temple shine out through the mortal tenement, and play over it like lambent flame. The in cense makes the whole altar sweet; and we can understand what the poet means when he says that "Beauty born of a murmuring sound Shall pass into her face.'' On the other hand, no man can lead a gormandizing, sordid or licentious life, and still wear a countenance hal lowed and sanctified with a balm of peace and joy. ADVICE TO PREACHERS.— Be short and lively. Load up before you enter the sacred desk; announce your text, when the timecoraes, with distinctness, and dash right into discussion. Fire at point b'ank range. Keep your eye on that drowsy hearer until he becomes wide awake. Hold the children and those restless young folks under good command. "Give a portion" to the aged ones, who try so hard to catch ev ery syllable you utter, and, under some of the modern pulpit orators, loseabout half. Stir up all the people! "Shake off dull sloth" in manner and tone. Be in earnest—tremeudously, in earnest! Time is passing; eternity is near; judg ment is at the door! Make an impres sion if you can, inside of thirty min utes; if not, ask God to give his bless ing, and—close. Go To CHURCH.— There is no one thing which helps to establish a man's character and standing in society more than a steady attendance at church, and a proper regard for the first day of the week. Every head of a family should go to church as an example. Lounging on the streets and in bar rooms on the Sabbath, is abomniable, and deserves censure, because it lays the foundation of habits which ruin both body and soul.—Many a man can date the commencement of his dissipa tion which made him a burden to him self and his friends, and an object of pity in the sight of his enemies, to his Sunday debauchery. Idleness is the mother of drunkenness. MAM'S GOT HOLD ON MY "TIL TERS."—The Smithfield Times tells an other story illustrative of the old saw that "the course of true love never did run smooth." AyoungcoupleinSmith field had laid a plan to outwit the vigi lance of cruel parents and elope. The Times tells the sequel th us: The youth stood beneath the window—the lady attempted to climb out —when, oh! hor ror, some one detained her from the rear! "Why dost thou not come, gen tle Amelia?" She answered iu an agi tated voice: "I can't, Bill, mam's got hold on my tilters." "YOUNG man, do you believe in a future state?" "In course I duz; and what's more, I intend to enter it as soon as Betsy gets her things ready." WHAT goes most against the grain of a farmer? A. reaping aaacbino.