Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, January 22, 1836, Page 1

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated January 22, 1836 Page 1
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V ii.tirCT'.:-i.mji.iiu,i.ji.i..i.liii im jim iMim iinmniii. i ji ini.jiiiuiiii.imml n o t t ii k c. , o i: v o r c m s a n ; ii i; t t u n av i: i, v a nn o r it o m n. BY If. 15. ST ACT. Prum die l.oii" If l.mti Sinr. A I'AJIHiY. I taiv Content, 1 lie oilier day, Sil by her (pinning wheel, And Plenty in u wooden I ray Of wheal and Indian meal. Healili, also, at a table rati Dining upon a h.itn; tut iii)elilc demanded yet A cabbage and a clam. W'caldi en I cnthiniicil upon a gi ecu And fragiant load of hay; And happiness rompellcd a dog Bihind the earl lo pl.iy. Delight una chasing bullet flies, Willi Laughter and wilh Joy; Airection gated wild indent ccn Upon tlic sweet employ. lkauty was uaterin? tinners Hetide tin- (-utilise door: And I'len-ure spi.he about .1 lour To Mr. Staple's sluie. Industry liiil good tnoriow, and luiiled mi; lo lea; liul Jolly liid me rlay away, Unless I came with dice. Patience fat in an easy rliair, Unriitelliiig a ikc-in; liilc Miilli, with 1 ognUli eje, and air, Would langle it again. llcncvnlenrc ImI hnill a tower Of pudding, biead and meat, And bid companion lake il o'er To Want, ano:f- lliu slicel. lint I was gratified to Fee Ha.ey, and dec, and fair, Willi Iiiiioeeiteo upon I113 knee, Old 1 f.icl ion llicic. lie look 111c by he hind, nnd led ale down a lisla giten, Wlieic l-'un and t'lolic a at ie plaje 1, Two aneienl oaks between. I'm, best ol all it was lo Had, That Low, lliu day define, The fuptinj Dieis had kiiked behind, And tossed linn out of door. An flu' wan ninding thti-ad, he came Willi gi iniaec and .1 siniik, And inked her if she'd change her name And leaie her diny uoik. I'm hlu; had ronimun sense, and (he Had stieiigih ot mind anil limb; She bid him fioni the house to flee, .' i I iImi- .isHtc.l him And now kind leader, i T J oil ihoosC Thi.s family to know, A fanner' heic I'll intiodnre: A 'hundred years ago." A nRAUTII'UL, l.iri'TER. Tlic fiilluw ing chr.riniiig letter was writ ten by a young lady pining wilh the con sumption, to a young gent leuian lo whom hho was ungagi'd in marriage. Sue lived in New Yurk and was spending a winter in New Orlean--, hoping that a milder cli mate would re.-loru her health. Hut t-he gradually Mink under the dreadful disease, and died eroi-ho relumed home. Il breathes the spirit of impassioned devotion, and its peru-al will awaken the ! 1 v het and best sensibilities, ofthc heart. The sweet, hal lowed sentiments which pervades it the spirit of unchanging attachment which distance cannot weaken, nor the pro.-pecl of death extinguished, is unearthly, ami comes over the soul, like the mellow und subsiding influence of the setting sun. liYiio Orleans, Jan. 20, l!!'Jj. Mv Demi William: 1 have broken my promise, but ynur too kind disposition will forgive me. even with out a cause. It was, as I know you (ear, my poor health that prevented my writing Aias! I had little hopes I hat a change ol nir would restore my health, or fresh r 11 in withered cheeks. liul my dear frn mis thought so, und for their snkis 1 utti here. Oh, I wish lor your eaUc, I could say that southern airs were Mrengllining my con stitution and my feeble body. My morn in" rides bring me momentary frcthocss and ease, nnd the fragrance of the orange trees is very grateful; the deep green groves look lovely, but 1 only view tlieir in aul ill coulra-t with my own feeble, perishing health. 'I'he airs are too damp nnd heavy. Perpetual fogs frown upon us here morn ing and evi Ming. Mid-day is warm and pleasant, and brings us refreshing breezes. Oh. do not think I writu thus to give n fresh wound to your too generous and bleeding sympathies. Hut Jon know inc tuo welT ai.d too true In think lliu-. And why should I fit you of hopes thai have Ion" since ll"d from my almost pulseless liealt? Why bhould I deceive by lljliering words, ho that is next to my dear blessed mother, dearel to mo on earth! No, tho' a kind Providence will soon separate us to meet aain in a brighter nnd a bettor home. Oh William, do not hope. Kuch salting sun t-inks paler upon my vision, and warns" mo that 1 Mall too but few more ode behind the blue west, lint a pros pect mure bright and beautiful strews flow ers in my pattiwav to 1 In grave. I am lull of joy nnd christian cheer. Your Harvey V Meditations is a sweet comforter, my pil low companion Your letter I liavu read nnmn and aain. It strengthens mo more than all I he kind nfilces of my good friends. Don't part with that friend that you have taken to ynur busotii. Ilu is worth tho world, and more. 1 would not part with Jesus to find my cheeks flushed with rosy .health, nnd my feeble body bounding in strength. Oli Ikuv I wish you were hero I hat wi might (itico mure f-pralc together; but my sunken chueks wtnilil so digress you, that I h 1 1 1 x 1 1 1 1 bo tin limes more tni-or able. Wu talk nf returning next month.--Hut I fear I shall niver roinrii. Come iloivn when yon receive I hi?, and hrinir lit llc Jane with you. Ktes ilcnr little1 Mary ami John fur tl oir sisicr, and give my warmest !nve to all the fnmily anil my It mil friends. I find my strengths weakening, and I 111111 airnin bid you a fund nnd nffee tiunalo farewell, Catiii:iuni:, Prom the Northampton Courier. TUB PRODUCT 01-' SILKWORMS. Silkworms were !i rl known in Amcri ca abuut the year IG'JO. In the reign of King Jaincs I. of Buy land, eggs of the silkworm and mulberry seed wcro sent to llic southern sect ion nf North America, men called Virginia. lo encourage lhctmo-t wi'bout Cillturonr (hp motto. made to settlers 111 Georgia, on condition o setting out nr planting 100 white tnulberrv trees to every ten acres of cleared hnd and considerable silk was made from heavy cocoons, 200 of which were said to woig a pound. I lie moru.-s multicaulis was then unknown in Lurope and America: hut the white mulberry was cultivated, and sil made north ol the Potomac, long befor . 1. . tuo revolution ; nnu many 'allies- mainline lured and wore dresses of American silk. juujoyear 1 ,u, buwnna iFw'hl, ol Lancaster County; Pa., made a piece ol silk from her own cocoons, measuring sixtv yards, which 111 that day was highly com mended ; since which time, the inanufac lure has been gradually, but slowly pro grossing to the present time, and has now wo trust, received such an impulse that our granite hills and pine plains shall, in due tunc, rtval even the cclcslial Kingdom if euna, in the product of silk and with the inle!ligence,iiidu,try and aid nf yankee ma uuncry combined, not many years hence leave Chinese enterprise far in the rear Hut in return and in exchange for tho plant nnu seen ol the morus multicaulis, we will send to China the seeds of moral culture and the Tree of life, which shall make wise uiiln iuhalion At the suggestion of President Sliles, of lalo College, Dr. Aspinwall introduced me nioioerry aim 11 .lniiiucturc of sill; into re.,,.. 1 1 1 1 ... , . j.e-iaiiu, .inn I'aiauiisneu tne culture of the mulberry at Mansfield and New Haven, and some 50 or 00 years since pre scnlcd J'rcudcntStilcs with a toga or schol astic gown, Ihe product of American silk me i-resiuent deligted to wear and exhibited as a specimen of the risiu" man u'ociureofour country, unJ which at some futiiro day, he furcsaw would become -Kipie inauuiacltire of JNew Bmrlaud ihut day note begins to dawn upon the Con iieeticui. A'urthamlon, for more than half a cen tury has been known to have patronized tin cuhure of the white mulberry and manufae lure of nlk 011.1 limited scale under the un'ired exertions of the late Joseph Clark decea-cd who from year to year fed and nurtured the silkworm and manu factured silk, in anticipation of its future success President Stile, Apimrall. Clark and a few choice spirits of New England, were but pioneers of Ihe silk cau,e, which soon r or later mu-t. extend uver our belovede country. There is a lady now living in 'hi- town, who assisted .Mr. Clark in" the process of manufacturing silk, and within a lew days presented a sample, and exhih Med a garment of silk, which she spun at 1 ne nouse 01 .Mr. t;iaik, some -10 or SO years -nice. Hie garment like tho Hear nf t.raij in the song, litis been made to enn- lorin lu tlio l.ibliiuo ol iliflorent ages, nnd loom under different colors. The silk was first made into an elegant clonk nnd thu wurn during the fashion of tho day it then 1 em-leu u uiiiereni coior ami was altered to a pelisse and woin as such during the rage of the fashion; and then again, altered into uriWcand is now worn as such bv the 1 .l.n- , , very lady who spun the silk of which it is made, and is yet ntrm and stout article appearing capable of being worn another half century a sample of which may be seen at Ilu1 ollicu of J), S, Northampton. Nov. 1(135. SHEEP AND WOOL CROWINC. I have long felt a solicitude for the suc cess of tho wool grower, m his interitsi must he considered as intimately blended with our prosperity as a nation. As nil ng ricultural people; u should aim at en tire independence in all thing-, which our clnuutc will admit or soil produce. The live 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 s of dollars wu nav to Franco ami England for silks, i- ueilliur more or le.-s than a Iribute paid by us. to ifc-ir ti"n- cultural manufacturing skill, am) winch ought lo be, and I trust soon will bo dis penned with, or 111 other words retained tit home, as so much productive capitul addei1 annuully 10 tho nation's wealth. .So tin twenty or more millions we have yearly paid lor the wool of Spam audSagnny, and the woolens of England and France, ehould FKDBAY, !)' viewed in tlio nanio light, and enndof i'd a dtsgraci'lul burden, from wiiicli we lihonld iwlricnto iiiri-Ivc n-t fur and nit fast an possible. Thcro can bo no good reasonbla pi von why ilia neb patiirace of the bills, and I In: mo.idows of tbn N'ortliern .State? ennnnt iiroditco as gnnd (lock'' of shorn, and as fiiif quant it km of wool, m .-imilar rrsriniH in Saxony or An d,iln-ia; or why 1 lie tmnufncluriiig skill nnd industry of our free citizens, cannot compete ticces--futly wilh Ibo spiriting ar tizatu of tin) old world. To expect t tin t all this can In' aecnrnpliibi'd it onca is idle ; lime i rcqttiril. emit al and perseverance intit be employed and exerted, nnd it is evident tint those arc mow successfully us oil. Tin; prices which nil kinds of woo), more particularly the higher grade?, have l'or a few years pal coinni'inded, have i no tified the attention which ha been uaul to H, t. ..I- r 1.... ...i 1. 1 amply emnpensnl.! lh,.sn who long, and .1 rrmuneriti-iii. rnu"nvore:l to introduce the best breeiM of foreioti sheep. and render the quality of our native wools unexceptionable. There arc ninny sections of our cnunlrv which are not ndipled to the prod iction of grain, but which arc most rxc lien! for pa-lurage; ami in such cies, nature her self seem-' to have pointed out the inns' proper means to be adopted in the culture of tin: soil. Too long have the farm' rs in such parts nf our state, been engaged in attempting the cultivation of wheat and corn ; tolerable crops tniv have sometime been rai-ed, hut as a whole their sv-lem of farming is a failure. Until grain commands a higher price tnan at pre,ent, to undertake lo force it growth mi uncongenial soils, must result in a lo-s to the farmer ; and lie who, with the present Itghis of experience and nresent prospects belore him, persist-, in sowing wheal or planting com, when lie might cover his plain with herds, and lulls with flocks, most clearly mistakes lu.s true interest-". Il needs but little skill in arith metic to show, that where the average crop of wheat does not exceed from ten to fifteen bushels per acre, It cannot be raised with profit ; the b st Hung the owner n such a farm can do. is to convert 11 at once into a grazing larm. There is every prob ability that fine wool will continue lo com maud a gnnd price, since it im-y be in our climate considered one of thu absolute ne cessaries of hie, nnd not lo he di-pensed with ; and a larm ad iptcd lo its production, taking nil tilings into con'siderni ion, Ihe wool grower, or the dairyman, cannot fiill o far behind the wheat grower in nelt pro lit as some have Mummed In gelling a flock of sheep, much care and attention are requisite, in order that tlic Dreed ol stieep and the quality of ih wool be of the kind d -sired. Then is ni the present time -ntiielhing of a i-.ont rover sv going on in this country between tie friends of tho Spani-h M 'rino anil the Sax on Merino. It is alleged tint the former arc, as a whole heavier bodied sheep, and in our country have proved the hnrdio-t while the wool produced bv Ilu; Sixmiy 1 clearly superior to the firmer. Reasoning Irotn analogy, we should hardly expect that the nsferlion of the Snuiiisli race nf meri nos being the hardiest could he suh-l.iiilia ted. It is well known that the Sixui breeds were derived from Spun in about I 0, anil the similarity ol' the soil and cli mate in the north of Ceruiany to ours, R. may have been considered a- nccluintud with us on their first introduction from the Elerloral fl icks to our country. No wool 10 Spain ean bo found equal to uiai ot naxuny, anil 11 Dears m linglatid a wcllas in this country a correspondm" unci As to size, considered with reference to the fleece, nature, horse!!' seems to have nn scribed rules which are never detnrted from. Fmo wool and a large body, or fine wool with a heavy fleeeo. have in nil mr, from the itmn of the Mlky Tarentino- of Columella, ihe line Merinos of Andnhisi and Castile. In Ihe beau'ifiil Eh etoral flock of Stolpen, been found iuei'tnpnible. Whai has been gained in one point by crosses. nnd mixtures, has invariably been at. the expense of another. The man therefor-, who wt-hes lo select a tl ick of sheep must understand his object before commencing. Iflhe finest qualities of wool be his object, let him look out for the purest and h'a-t, 1 1 1- , . oiini-o union, ii no 0- sires a iroe 1 -eee 1 nit plenty of million, he need be less scru pulou-; but let htm not expect to shear silky woid from the race of Anakius. So fur iib our knowledge and experience ox lends, wo prefer Ibo Sixonv kind ofhbeeo we have only to s.iy, lei uthcrs suit them selves. On nnnthcr point has there arisen a dif ference of opinion ntnong wool growers the relative profit on docks comtM.-ed re- pccMvclvof weathers unit ewes. It , e rally admitted that the clip from the weailiers is ralhor Ihe greatest, and some have siippoM-tl that the wool was of a su lienor quality; hut there is reason lo be lieve thatuhorelhis superiority has cxi-letl it was because the weal hers pas-Til the winter in better order than Ihe ewe.--. When loo ii 1- renii'tnln' red that from 100 wes, 75 lambs will, under ordinary eir- eum-tances, h.) raised, there can ho but h'lle doubt. I think, that owes are 01 Un wind" thu most profitable, ami of" eotir-e liuuld constitute a large pirt of the fl ick. flenace. Farmer. A German professor. Si rave has pub- li-hed a pamphlet to prove that there will 'mi be any severe winters for the nei ihoii-and years. We ran h.irdlv believe 11 however, wu shall wait p itieiitly and see. 1 icon la .Vli lianii's. Never allow yourself lo lie dunned twice for a snrill uui.if it is in your power to piy it.liursufler 1 small demand to be Mini. ,M-l of tne hardness felt ngain-l Lawyers, arises from this kind ofsiiii-,, and if you desire to starve 1 In-ill out. pay up or il you wish to feel kind ami pleasant towards them, pay up. Hy u cnursu of this kind you will feel better pleased with yourself &witii every body else. .JANV ARY 22, J.83G. 1'ioni tlio N. V. ''Cllpt. TAlt AND I'MJATUKRS UBVKNGI2D. Just, efiru the brealting out of the revo lution. 1 imn by Hid name of Diison, be loiigioo lMlorica, Jfae. was tarred and feat leri'd in HuMou, by the Hritish f?oldiers .oflii"' enant Colonel Nesb t. Tlio Hrit tish nfrlifrs wishod to prevent tlio Ameri cansfri 111 purchasing guiw, and in order to furnish an opportunity to inflict punishment and to raiu oceasiuti for a senotn qinrrcl, i fnMior was ordered to o1T,t the country man an old rusty musket. Di'son caught at th bait, and purchased the gun for " dullari. Hi; w.h thoreupou seiz d and alter eing confined in their guard-linusc all n it. IV.H K!rinr nnltrnli, itt.tit nti,1 ' I'" -"V i0"'5 "" l" feathers, and in that ui-.r-. vivraueii ihroii'M the etreets ol !!)( ill. The Yankees, however, began to c Heel in great numbers, and Ihe mili tary fearing fir their own safely, di-missed the tnan and ret rented lo their barracks. Thus far the incident isrelalid by a con-tcmpi-rary historian. What follows we have from the lips nf the old continental himself. Many a lime and oft have we heard him relate the story, with clenched bands, and eyes Hashing fire, anil always with this ending Hut I hail my revenge!" When he was dismissed by 1I10 Hritish, he caned for his gun, winch during the op e ration of tarring and feathering had been taken from him, 'Take the gnu and be d d !' said the oflicor who had coin uiniuled tho tarring nnd feathering parly ; you'll he the last Yankee I'll be sworn, who will come hern to purchase a mu-kel.' 'Hut nnt the last that will u.-e one.' said Oil son. as he grasped Ihe weapon 'and mark me. Sir, I'll have my revenge.' The enck is clear game ;' said the of licer. turning to his companion with a laugh but he had b- iter rufllo his feathers on his own dung lull !' Diison by the aid of soap nnd warm wa ter, got rid ol'hls feathery coal ; out the ni "a ol'lhn instill clung to his iiiiud ; burn, tog deeper and deeper like the shirt ol Ni ssns. He drc'impl of it by nignl he p ndered on Ihe means of accoinp'isliing 11 by day. JIu " how was he to ncci.inpli-h it ? An oppnrtuiiity was not long wanting for ilia' purpose. His country fl iw lo anus, to redress Its public gneianees; and ho to redress his prune ones. As soon ns he heard the Hrit ish had marched to Con cord, he seized hi- rusty musket, and ran to t 10 seeno ot action. What are you g"ing to do? said his iieiihniirs, as they saw l.mi unyoking Ins i-H'.i in tho middle ol the fluid, and at an uti-easin,. j,-.1 hour of the day. I'm going to pay Ihe red coats for the 'ar nnd feathers.' said Ditson, setting his teeth firmly together. Come on. and you shall see eport. Jlnt you are nnt going to take that old rust v piece?' said one. Hut I am though,' said Ditson, 'I shall take ii, nono the worse nm I fir its being rusty.1 He histcned lo the field of fight, and his neighbors went with htm. Having select ed the houghs of a 1 hick tree, by the way -ido, whither the Hriti-ih were 011 their re. ireat he climbed into them ami there se curely e-con-ed. nnd taking deliberate aim every shot from th old rusty musket told one. I aimed, said Ditsnn, 'particularly at the efjicer.s ; and the first man I dropt wa Iho comminiler ot the tar ke'tlo. 'I'hii di I me more good than t he he-l dinner I ever ate m my life. 'Tuuru' I could'nt help exel-jtming ! tnld you I'd have my revenge?' Half a dozen shots were fired into the tree hut they were I roil at ran dom, for I was well secured in tho bough-, and only two bullets went through my hat. My bo-inn loll lightened as -non as tlnj of. Doer fell Tho fir seemed as it were lo loosen from my skin, and I felt fifty per con' belter. Hut still I had not completed mv rovengo. The tar hid not yet all dropt oil". It was there siill, in imagination and Ihe feaMiers clung to it. Tho Hritinh would make nli'liliwr-cork of tne, and I was d-- loriuiued they should feel the full length of mv spurs ' Diison was again present at tho battle of ISunker Hill ; irlieru he had an oppor tunity ot' using ilu: old musket to still great, ur advantage than at thu battle of Lexing ton. Reserving his fire agreeably to the mode enjoined by Putiiian until he could sec 1 ho enemy's eyes, he brought down bis man at every shot ; ami several more, hose count. unices ho recollected, as having be longed lo iho-o engaged in the tar and ('a' her nig scrape, fell victim- to t he i reuglli ofliis in. -ii wry, theiiocuraey ol his aim. and Ihe sure lire ofnis rusty old piece. He was the last to leave the ditch, and when hi- p iwder and b ill was expended, ho fought like a tiger with the butt of hi- inu-ket : mil ns he d.i-hed it 11U0 the skull of ihe reg'lurs" in quick succession, he exclaim ed, 'That's to pay for tho tar and feathers !' lie was at la-t wounded, and was willi dilli culiy brought oil' hy Ins companion, lie -tillered much in con-eouence. 'I!nt,' as used lo exelaioi in afier ears, 'I did'nt mind that ; for I hail my revenge!' lie recovered ut In-wound, ami foti"hl through thu war; and ullhongh naturally bravo and attached lo hij country, Ins cnur. tge and nts patriotism wore not a lit t lu stimulated bv the remembrance of ihe lar nnd feathers. No single arm sent a great er iiuinlier to Ilieir linal account. Me U length saw his country tree. Her injurix's were redre-sed and so weru hi? own. He lived to bo an old man. Poverty visited his hut. Every thing that could he spared wa sold, except thu old inilsket. Ilu wnul I shoulder Mint "An I shun- how fielilj eio Hon." Then as his eye gleeined al tho reeolloctinu of the never-to-ho.forgolteii lii-ull, 111 uhl exclaim, 'It was allowing tollr-tar and feathers, liul I had my revenge- MR. CLAY ON THE PUHLIC LANDS. I.v Sr.NATK TonstiAVi Dec. 29. Mr Clay arnso and tiddres-ed lliu Chair. Alibnugh(hesald) I find myself borne down by the severest affliction with which Prov idence has ever been pleased to visit me. I have thought that my private griefs ought not longer to prevent 1110 from at tempting, ill ns I feel qualified, to discharge my public duties. And I now rise, in pur suance of the nnlico which has been given ion-Is leave to introduce a bill to approp riate, for n limited tune, the proceeds ol il.p sales of public lands of the United States-, and for granting land to certain Slates. 1 feel it incumbent on mo lo make a brief explanation of the highly important inea'ii.o winch I have now tlio honor to prono-c. The bill which I desire to intm. (luce, provides lor the distribution of Ibo proceeds 0! th,. public Innds in the years l3J, 31, 33, 30, o'7. among the twenty four Slates of tins Union, and conforms ftibslatitlally to IhaKwhjcljj'passed m 1833. It is therefore ofnjcmpornry character; but if 11 shall be'foundtoliave a salutary operation it will:BoJiuJthe power of a fu ture Congress to"gTyr?iPnn indefinite con tinuance; and. if otherwise, it will expire by Us own terms. In the event of war unfortunately breaking out wiili anv for eign power, the hill is to cease, aiul the fund which it distributes is lo bo applied to Ibo prosecution of tho war. Tlio bill iliri'ds lliut ten per cent of the nett pro ceeds nf the public lauds, sold within the limits- of the seven new Slates, shall be lirsi bo set apart for them, in addition to the five per cent re-erved hy their several compai'ls Willi the United State.-; and that I In; residue of tho proceeds, uhethrr from sales made in tho States or Territories, 'hall he divided among tho 21 Stales, in proportion to their respective fidornl popn latum, lit tins respect the bill conform to that which was introduced in 103-J. For one, I should have been willing to have allowed th- new Sia'e.s 12 msTeatl of 10 per cent; hut as that was objected lo by the President, m bis veto message, nnd hns been opposed in other quarters, "l tho'i II be-t to restrict the, allowance to tin more moderate sum. The hill also con tains large and liberal grants of laud to several of the new Slates, to place them upon an equality with others lo which the homily of Congress has been heretofore extended, and provides that when other new Spates shall he admitted into the Un lonthev shall receive their share of the common fund. The nett amount of sales nf public lands :n nr va- hie sum 10 cj.j. yii7.o;j'J 53. in ihe year 11131 was iIl'a.7.G0i) fin and in the year l!J3j according to actual receipts in the three first quarters, and an estimate of ihe I'ouith, is i'.o-j., )5 making nil aggregate for the three vear.- ol S-! 1 .0 17.-10 1 39. Tins arr.,r,.n, js ....,, the hill proposes to distribute and pay to no- iweoiy tour oia'cs on me 11 ol .May. 1IJJC, upon the principles which I have stated The difference between the esti mate made hy the Secretary ol'tho Treas ury and ihat which I have offered of the product of the la-t quarter of this year, arises from mv having tak-m, as 11,,, ."....i, ablo sum, one lliirh of'iho total amount of the three first quarter--, and some other eoijectural stun. Deducting from the 1 .0 17,10 t 39 the fifteen per cent to which the seven new States, according to the lull, wili he first entitled, amounting to g.VGl.'. 250 Iff, there will remain for ill t rihution among llietHoiity-fniir States of the Union. Ihe sum ol jjll! -I J Oj 1 21. Ot this sum. Ihe proportion of Kentucky will b- CjOtJO, 917-11 of Virginia, the sum of I oU 1 , 0C9 39 of N. Carolina. j9lili.C3.' 'l.' and of Pennsylvania, J.O.'U J.J J 3J. Tne pro port 1011 ot Indiana, including the fi'teen per cent, will b- g'ijj.fitio 2J ofOI m.077. MORI and ol M1-.-1 ippi, jj93KU 13 -12. And Ihe proportions r,f ail tho twenty four S'ates are indicated 111 a table which 1 hohi in my hand, prepared at my m-tance in th-office oi tlioSecrHn'y of the Suia'e. and to wnich anyjfSenatofr may have nc cos Tlio gruundsfoiikwljich Hie e.vira allowance i 3 mail eltolt h ol n ew S'aies are. Inst their cnmplaTntTUiatfallllands soh bv the federal g'lvernnient'nrelfivi ve.irs pv uuipted from taxatiouTsecriuly, tint it 1- tw uu .tiLoivu losouii manner as win aug ment thu value of the unsold pubhc l.ind wilhiu them; and, lastly, their recent set tlement. It imy bo recollected that a hill passed boili Housed of Congress, in the scs-nm which terminated on lho3d Al.ireh, 1RJJ tor Ilu- di-iribnlion of th,; am unit received from Un- public lands, upon the principles of that now ofi'ored. Tlio President, 111 lit message, at 1 he commencement of Ihe pro vioiis session, had specially invited tho at tention of Congress to the subject ol'tho public laud-; had adverted to their libera tion from the pledge for the payment of the puiiiic ilt-ui; aim liaii intimated Ins reidt-iio.-s to concur in any di-nosal of them which might appear to Congress more con ductive lo ihe quiet, harmony ami general interest of tlio American people. After Mich a ino-sage, the Pre-identS disapprob itiou of the bill could not have been uutit 1 lalcd, It was presented to him 011 the 2d of March UI3.J. It was not returned as the Cousti tuiioii requires-, but was reiiiined by h.m afier the expiration of his oflicial torn) and utiMl the next se-sion of Congress, whicti nad no power to act upon n, Ii was tin derslood and helievo Ih il. in anticipation of the pi-sago of the bill, the President hid prepared obj-clions to it. whieli he had in tended lo return wilh his negative; but he did not. If the bill had been returned, there is reason to believe that It would h-ive pis.-ed, notwithstanding tho-e olip-c ttniis. In the House, it had been curled by a majority of more then two thirds, anil in Ihe Senate, although there was not that majority on Us passage a Waa supposed VOBj. JX--No.595 that in consequence of the passage ortho Compromise Hill, some of tho Senator) who had votctl against the Land Hill had chnnged their views, and would have voted fur it upon its return, and others had left the "-onate. There are those who believed that the bill was unconstitutionally retained by tho President nnd is now tho law of the land. Hut whether it be so or not.tho Gen eral Government holds the public domain 111 trust for the common benefit of all the .States ; and it is, therefore, competent to provide bv law that the trustee shall make distribution of the proceeds of the tbreo past years, as well as future years, among those entitled lo tho beneficial interest. The bill makes such a provision. And it is very remarkable, that the sum which it proposes to distribute is about tho gross ourplus, or balance, estimated in tho Trcas ury on tho 1st of January, 103G. When tho returns of tho last quarter ol'tho year come in. it wnl probably be found thut the surplus is larger than tho sum which the biil distributes. Hut if it should not be.lhcro will remain the seven millions held in tlic Hank of the U. Slates, applicable, as far as it may bo received, to the Horvicc of tho ensuing year. It would be premature now to enter into a consideration of the probable revenue of future years ; but, at tho proper time, I think it will nut be difficult to show that, exclusive of what maybe received from the public lands it will bu abundantly sufficient for all the economical purposes of Govern-, moiit, in tune of peace. And the bill as I have already stated, provides for seasons of war. I wish to guard against all miscon cepiion by repealing what 1 have hereto fore several times said, that this bill is not I'oun led upon any notion of a power in Congress to lay and collect taxes & distri bute the amount among the several states. I think Congress possesses no such power and has no right to cxerci-e it until soma -neb amendment as that proposed by tho Senator from South Carolina (Mr Colhoun) -hall bo adopk'd. Hut the bill rests on tne b isis of a clear and comprchon-ivo grant of power In Congress over the Territories and properly ot the United States in the Constitution, and upon express stipulations 111 1 lie deeds of cession. Mr. President. I have ever regarded with feelings of the profoundest regret, tho decision which Ihe President of the United Slates felt himself induced to make on the bill of tb'33. If it had been his pleasure to approve it, the heads of departments would not now be laving their ingenutty lo find out ii.-ele.-s objects of expenditure, or ob jects which may be well po-tponcd to a more di-innt day. If the bill had passed, about twenty millions of dollars, would have been, during the Inst three year.-, in 1 be bands ol the several states applicable hy them to the benehcient purposes ot in ternal improvement, education, or colnniza 'inn. What immense benefits might not hive been diffused throughout Ihe land by the active employment of that largo -nm? What new channels of commerce and communication might not have been opened? What industry stimulated, what labor rewarded? Ho.v many youthful onnds might have received the blessings if edncat ton and knowledge, and been res cued from ignorance, vice, and rum? How many descendants of Africa might hive been transported from a country where they never can enjoy political or social equality, to the native laud of iheir ''aiders, whom no impediment exists to theif iiiaininent of tho highest degree of clcva noii, intellectual, social, and political! Where they mighi have been successful in-iriiments in Ihe hands nf God, lo spread ill-- religion of hi- Son, and to lay the luuiv djiions of civil liberty ! And, Sir.when we institute a comparison between what might have beer, effected, an I what ha- been in fact done, with that large amount of national irea.-urc, our sen--aitoiis of regret, on account of the falo of tho bill of l';33, are siill keener. Instead of its being dedicated to the beneficent u-es ol'tho whole people, and our entire country, il ha-bein nil object of scrambling am ing-l local corporations, ami locked up hi the vaults, or loaned out by thu directors of a few of then) who ate not under tho -lightest re-pon.-ibihly lo Ihe government r people of thu United Slates. Instead of liberal, enlightened, and national pur poses, ii ha- been partially applied lo local limited, and .-elfiWi uses. Applied to in crease the semi annual dividends of favorite sleek holders in favorite hanks! Twenty millions of tho national treasure are scat tered 111 parcels among potty corporations and wlnl-t they are growling over the fragments and greedy for more. Ihe Secre taries are brooding on schemes for squait" during the whole. Hut. although wo havo lost three pre emus years, Ihe Secretary of the Treasury tells us that the principle is yet safe and much good may he still achieved with it. ho li neral Government, by an extraor dinary cxerciso of executive power, no lon ger alliirds aid to any now works of inter nal improvement. AlthoiiL'h it snrunir from the Union, and cannot survive thu Union, it no longer engages in any public improvements to perpetuate tho cxistance of the Union. It is but justice lo it lo ae knowledge that, with the co operation of the public spirited State of .Maryland, it effected one national road having hat ten. dency. Hut the spirit of improvement pervade.- the laud, 111 every variety of form) active, vigorous, and enterprising, wanting pecuniary aid as well us intelligent direc" lion. Tho S'ates have undertaken what the General Government is prevented from accomplishing. Thev arestrengtlnng the U by various lines of communication thrown across and through the mountains. New York has completed one great'chaiu. Penii-ylvini.-i, another, holder m concep tion nnd lar more arduous 111 the execution; Virginia has a similar work in progress, worlly of her enterprise and energy. A fourth, farther south, where tho pa'rls of the Uumii are too loosely connected, haj

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