Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, February 5, 1836, Page 2

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated February 5, 1836 Page 2
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t ign state, he sees it soonest. All our lumis-ters mid ngents nbrnnd nrn but si) vnny eyes nml cars nui! organ In commu nicate to liim whatsoever tn.-ciir in foreign places, nml to keep him well advised ol nil which limy concern I In interests nl the United Stall's. There t" mi rsprcinl pro lirioty therefore. Ihnt in Ibis branch of tin' public service, Congress should always bo able to avail itself of the dlMinct opinion mid rccumcndnlions nl Ihe Pre-uletit. 1 he two (louses, niiil especially the House of Representatives nre tbo i.ntural yiiatdians of the people's money. They are to keep it sacred nud to use it discreetly, I hoy nre not at liberty to "spend il where it i not needed, nor loolVer it for any purpose f ill a reasonable occasio i for the expendi ture be ihnwi,. Now in I his case, 1 repent ngnin, the I'rc-i.h nt had sunt us mi recoiii mendttton for nny such npprnpnation i no department had recommended it s no cti mate bad contained it; in the whole history of the session, from the morning of the irst day, down to ft o'clock in the evening of the last day, not one syllable had been yaid to us. not" one hint suggested, showing that the President deemed any such incas ure either necessary or proper. I state this htrongly, sir. hut i Mate it truly. I slate the nialtcr as it is; and I wish lo draw the attention of the S, into and or the country strongly to this part of the esse. I say again! therefore, thai when this vote for i he three millions was proposed to the S.-u ntc, there was nothing before us showing that the President recommended any such ,-ipprnpriation. Yuu very well know, fir, i bat this objection was immediately stated soon ns the menage from the bouso was read. Wo all well remember that it was tbo very point put forth by the honorable member from Tennessee, Mr. While, as beiti", if I may so say, the butt end of bis argument in "onpositioi to the vote, lie said very significantly and very forcibly, " it is not asked for by those who best know what the public service requires; bow then nre we to presume that it is n-edod?' This qucs'ion, sir, was not answered then: it never hr.s been answered since; il never i,n niKwnrcd satisfactorily. Rnt let me here rgam sir, recur to the messa' oof the President, bpcakingoflhe loss of ll c bill he mes these words. This failure win more regretted, not nnlv because it necessarily interrupted and delayed the t rngicss of a system of national ('efencc prnjected immediately nTtcr the instwar, and since steadily pursued, but nlso because it contained a contingent npi rop'iaimn. inserted in acc.irdancn with i he views ort!in executive in aid of this important object, and oilier branches of the national dclunce, some portions of which niijlit have been mast usefully applied during the past season." Takin these word? of the message, sir. and connecting them with the fact that the President had made no r commendation to c m"rcs5 ofany such appropriation, il strikes im thattliev furnish matter for very grave reflection. The I'ri'-ident says that this proposed appropriation was "in accordance with the views of the executive ; that il was "in md of an imp irtant object ;" and that some portions ol il might have been most usefully applied during the past sea mn'" And now sir, T ask, if this be so, why w s not this appropriation recommended In Congress by the President? 1 ask thi qticMion in the liamu of tlic constitution ol i!io United Stales; 1 stand on its own clear miiliori'v in asking it; and I invite all those who remember ils injunction, and who mean to respect them, to consider well how tho question is to bo answered. Sir, the constitution is not yet an entire dead letter. There is yet soma form o1 observance to its icquirenionls ; and even while any degree of formal respect is paid tiii, I must bo permitted to continue the question, why was not this appropriation recommended"? It was in accordance with tlie President's views; it was for an impor tant object; it might have bci.M usefully expended. Tho President being of opinion therefore, that the appropriation was ne cessary and proper, how is it that it. was not recommended to Congress? For. cilr. wo all know the plain and direct words in which the verv first duty of the President is imposed by "the constitution. Here they "Ho shall, from time to time, givo to ilii congress infjrinoton of the state ol nrn ! tlm Union, and rccomnun 1 to their consii' rrat:on such measures as- he shall judge ne:es.ary and expedient." After enumerating tho powers of tin President, this is tho first, tho very first !uty which the constitution gravely enjoin. noon him. And now, sir, in no language of taunt or reproach, in no language of party attack, in terms ol no asperity or I'xaggcralion, but called up by the necessity nl' defending my own vole upon tbo subject", I now, as a public man, as a member of Cong-ess here in my plane, and as a citizen who'feels as warm an attachment to the constitution of the country ns any other nan. demand ofany who may choo-e to Tive it. an answer in this question: "Why -v.ts kottiiis ME.tsum: which tiii: Pjiks, jpest ncci.Anr.s that lie Tiioumir m; rEFSAnV AM) KXPBI1IKNT, UUC0MMKM1KI1 to Com, rtnss ?" And why am I. nnd why firenthor members of Congress, whoso pith of duly the constitution says shall be rn li-rhtt'iind bv the Prosidnnl's opinions and communications, he charged with want of patriotism and want of fiik'li'y lu the couu try, bccniFO wo refused an appropriation winch the President, tliougli it was in ae rordance with his views, nud though ho believed it important, would not, nnd did not recommend lo us? When those ques tions are answered sir, lo tho satisfaction ul intelligent and impartial men, then and not till then, let reproach, let rcnsitro, let sus picion ofany kind rest on the twcnly-iniic ! ...I.1..I. utnt.il nnnnMiil In l' ij .iltnrn nami'S WHILII Biuuu uj'tVM I" ..j.tu priatmn. "How Fir, were wo lo know that Ibis appropriation was "in accordance with the views of Iho Bxeculivo?" Ho hod not m told us forunlly or informally. Ho had nol not recommended it to congress, or either house of congress but nobody on Ibis floor bad undertaken lo speak on his behalf, Nojnian got up to say "the President do. siro this, he thinks it necessary, cxpcdioiil and proper." Hut fir, if any gentleman hod risen to tay ibis, it would not havs answer, rd tho requijition of tho constitution. Nni nt all. It is not a hint, on intimation, the suggestion of a friend, by which tho exec- nlivcd uty in this respect is to be fulfilled. l!y no means, Tho President is to make a recommendation, it public recommendation, nn official recommendation, a responsible recommendation; not to one but to both houses ; it is to bo n recommendation to congress. If, on receiving Mich a re commendation, congress fail lo pavitpro por attention, the fault is Ihuirs. Ililocui- nig the measure necessary nni. exiiuui-.--" the President fail to rccoinmond it, the fault is his, clearly, distinctly, and cxclu bivelv his. This, sir, is the constitution ol tho United Slates, or else I do not under stand the constitution of the United States. H.m.1 tint nvnrif null seo how nerfcctlv tin- eonslitulioiial it is that the president should r,.,f,itiiii,ir.iti. Ilia nninllins or WIsllCS tO congress on such impurlniit subjects, other wise than by a direct and responsible re' coiniifiulatiou a public and open recoup mendaliou, equally addressed and equally known to all whose dill v call.) upon them to act upon the subject ? What would hi Iho slate of things if he might coinmuni catu his wishes or opinions privately to members of one bouse and make no such communication to members of the other ? Would not the two houses ncce.-sarilv be put in immediate collision? Would they stand on equal footing? Would they have equal information? What could ensue from sucli a manner of conducting tho pub lie business, but riuarral, confusion, and cniillicl? A member rises in the House of Representatives, and moves a very large appropriation of money fur military purpo ses. If ho says he does it upon executive recommendation, whero is his voucher ? The President is not like tho Uritioh king whoso ministers and secretaries are in the Hou-c of Commons, and who arc authori zed in certain cases, to express tho opin ions and wishes of I heir sovereign. We have no king's servants ; nt most wc have none known to the constitution. Cnngrcs can know ihe opinions of the President only as ho officially commiiiiiratcs theni. It would be a curious inquiry in either house, when it Inrgu appropriation is moved, if it wore n -s-ary lo a-k whether the mover represented the President, spoke Ins senti ments, or in other words, whoihcr what he proposed were ' in accordance with Ihe views of the executive ?" Iluw could that be judged of? I!y the party he belongs lo ? Parly i? not quite unique enough for that. Jiy Iho airs lie gives Inmscll : .Many might assume airs, if thereby they could give themselves such importance as to be esteemed authentic expositors of the exec utivc will. Or is this will to be circulated in whispers? undo known to meetings of party men? iu'irnatcd through the press? or communicated in any other form, which still leaves the cxcculivo irresponsible? So that while executive purposes pevado Ihe ranks of party friends, influence their con duel, and unite their efforts, the open, di rect and constitutional responsibility is wholly avoided. Sir, this is not the cuu- stition of the United Slates, nor can it he consistent with any constitution winch pru- fe-ses to maintain separate uparttncnts in ihe government. II re, then, sir, b nbund nit "round, in my judgment for the vote of the Senate, and hero I might rest it. But there is also another ground. Tho con tituliun d iMa'ci that no money shall be drawn from t lie treasury but in con"qiiniieo of appropria tions made by law. Wnat is meant ny "up pmprinlinns?" Docs this language not mean that particular sums shall bo assigned bylaw to particular objects Unv tar this pointing nut and fixing the particular objects shall be carried, is a question that cannot be scltled by any precise rule. Hut "specific appropriation. ' tliat is lo say t lie designation of every object for which inon. oy is voted, as far as such I'e-igualinn is practicable, has been thought to he a most important rcpiibhcm principle. In times pist popular parlies have claiuiedgreal mer it from professing to carry Ibis doctrine much firther, and to adhere to it much more strictly than their adversaries. .lr. Jeffer son especially, was a great advocate for il. and held it to b'. indispensable lo a sale and cconnui'cil administration and dis bursement uf tho public revenues. ISiil what havo the friends anJ admirers of Mr Jefferson to say to this appropria tion ? Where do they find in Ibis propoi. cd grant of three millions designation of object, and pirticuhir and specific applica 'lion of money ? Have they forgotten, all forgotten, and wholly abandoned even all' pretonce for specific appropriation? If nol. iiow could they sanction such n vote as this? Lnt me rcc.il us terms. They are, that "the sum of throe millions be, and iho samu hereby is, approprialed out of any money in the treasury not otherwise appro priatcd, to, bo expended, in whole or in part, under the direct ion of tho President of the United .States for tho military and naval servie-. including; fortifications and ordnance, and in increase the navy; provi ded such expenditures thall be rendered necessary fur the dc'fenco of tho country priur to the next meclh'g of Congress." In Iho first place it is In bo observed, that whether the money sliai1 b? used or nut, is made lo depend on (ho discretion of the President. This n Miflicionl'y liberal. It carries confidence far enough. .'Jul if there had been no other objections, if the objects of the appropriation hail been suffi ciently described, so that tho President, l' be expended the moroy at all. must have expended it for purposes authorized by the Legislature, nnd nothing had been left to his discretion but Ihe question, whether an emergency hid arisen, in which tho author, ily ought to bo exorcised, I have not fell bound lo reject Iho vole. There are tome precedents which might favor such a con nngcnt provision, though tho practice is dangerous, and ought not lo ho followed except in eases of clear necessity. Hut the insiirmouutnblo object'ion to tho proposed grant was that it specified no objects, Ilwas at general as language could make it. It embraced every expen diture lhat could ho called cither military or naval. Il was In include "fortifications ordnance and increase of tho navy," but it was not confined lo these. It embraced tho whole general subject of military 6er vice. Under ilia authority of tuch u law. iho President might repiir ships, build -hips, buy ships, enlist seamen, and do any 'lung and every thing elso touching the naval servico without restraint orcoulioc llo might repair such (unifications as he ,aw fit, Mini neglect the rest; arm such as lie saw fit, and neglect tho arming of oth- ors ; or build new fortifications whenever ho chose. Hut thco unlimited powers over tlie loriiiieaiious n u,i...j, ....o.. tutu bv no means, t ho must dangerous pari of the'proposeil authority ; because, under this authority, ins power io ruisu mu um- iluy land forces was equally ausoiuic anu it , (, . I ).... r... ntn uncontrolled, no imsiu iuvj n"i'7 , llu n new nrmv. call out llus militia in numbers to suit his own discretion, a il il employ them as he saw lit. Mnw. sir. does our legislation, under our ,,ciitoi on. units i any nruceueni lor an tl''-'? . r I We mike appropriations fjr the army nnd we understand what we nrn doing, be cans,' it is "the nrmy," that is lo say, the army established by law. Wo make ap propriatioiis for the navy; they too, arc lor "the navy" as provided for nnd established In Ifiw Wn in ike amiroprintion lor forti fi'pf.tiMns. but we say what fortifications; nml wn nssi'in lu each its intended amount of the whole sum. This is Iho usual courso nf nonirrnss on such subiccls; nnd why shouldlt he departed from? Aro wo ready to say that the power of fixing tho places for now fortilicatiuns, nml too sum anouou to each tho power of ordering new ships to be built and lixing llio number ot eucii new ships ; the po.ver of laying out money to raise men for the army: in short, every power, great and small, repenting the mil itnry nud naval service, shall bo vested in the President, without specification of ob ject or purpose, or the entire cvclirion of the exorcise of judgment on th)T varl of congress ? For one I am not prepared. The honorable member froinOluo iieur tno, has said that if i lie enemy hid been on our shores, ho would not havo agreed lo this vote. And 1 say H Ihe propicillin wore now before us, nnd tho guns of the. enemy were battering agrin.-t the Capital, I would nol agree to It. The people of this country have an in terest, a property, an inheritance in this in strument, against which tlie valuo of forty capitals ilo not weigh the twentieth part of one poor scruple. 1 here can never he any necessity for such proceedings but a feigned and fulso necessity, a mole idle and hollow pretence of necessity; letst of nil can it be .-aid thai such necessity n:tunlly existed on t he 3d of March. There was no enemy on our shores ; there were ro guns pointed against the capital; wc were in no war, nor was Ihore a ruaonable probability that we .-hould havo war, uuliss we made it ourselves But whatever was the stale of our foreign relations is it not prepostertus to say, that it was neces-ary for cingreis to adopt this measure and vet not necessary lor the Pre ident to recommend it ? Why sluuld we thus run in advance of all oir own duties, and leave, the President completely shielded from his just responsibility ? Why should there be nothing but grant and trust nnd confidence oo our tide, and nothing but discretion nnd power on Ins ? Sir, if there be any philosophy in history. if human blood still runs in hunan veins if man still conforms to the idtntilv of his nature, the institutions which lecurc con slitutioiial liberty can never stand long again-l this excessive personal confidence, against this devotion lo men ii niter ills regard of prineiplu nnd experience., which seems t n me to in! fctronglv I'liatjicleri-tie oi our nines. i nis vine came lo im, (.ir, from Ihe popular branch ofihc I.egi-lnlure; and dial such a voioshould ciiiin frn Mich n branch of the legislature, was almn"-l tlie circumstance which excited innu "be greatest surprise and tho deepest ciiicern. Certainly, sir, certainly I was not, mi lhnt account, the mure inclined to coudr. It was no argument with mi: thnt oiliortsociu ed lo bo rushing, with such heedle.-s Imad long trust, such impetuu-iiy uf confilence. into the arms of executive power. .' held back Ihe stronger, and would hold hick the longer. I see. or I think I see, il isnlher a true vision ofllio future, revealed y the history of the past. or. if it be on ifusinn it is an illusion which appears lo mem al the brightness nnd sunlight of bronduoon. I lint it is in. Mm career of personal uoufi deuce, along this beaten track ofiu-i jr. ship, marked every furlong, by the frag. menls ol other tree governments, Ihit our own system is making progress to itsjloso. A perM.nal popularity, honorably etniPil, nt tirst liy military achievements, and sus. lained now by party, by pitron igo, ar.d by enthusiasm which looks for no ill, because it means no ill itself, seems to render men willing to gratify piwor, oven heforu its demands are made, and lo surfeit executive discretion, even in anticipation of us own appetite. Sir, il on the ad of March last. it had been the purpose of both Houses of Congress to create a military dictator, what lormuia Had been bettor suited to thei purpose than tin vote of Ihe House? It is true we might havo given more money, ll wo uau nail it to give. Wu might havo emptied llio treasury; but ns lo Iho furmai the gift, we could not havo betterud it. Rome Iia3 no better models. When we give our money far any military purpose wii'iuvcr, wnat remains to bo done .' it wo loivo it with one man to decide, nol only whether the military means of llu ssPV'ry shall be used nt nil, but how they shall he used, nnd to whnt extent they shall be em ployed, what remains either for congress or tor the people but to pit Mill, unf see how Ibis dictatorial powor will be excr. cised? On the 3d of March, sir, I had not lurgotlen it was impossible that I sr. ou lil lorget. the recommendation in the met sage, at the opening ol Hint session. that power should be vested in Ihofresi. dent to is-uu letters nf marque and rtprisa! ngainst France, nt his discretion, in the recess of congress. Happily this jnwer wns not granted ; but suppose it had been, what would iVavo been tho true conhtion uf this, govcrnt.'ionl ? Why, sir, thii con dit inn is very Mtorlly described. The whole war power would have boon ii the hands nf tho Pri-sio euti lor no mai can doubt a moment that i cprisals would jrui" on immediate war; nud iho treasury, In the nmouut of this vole, in nt'dllion to nil or iliunry appropriations, wiiui'd Jiavo bean at his nbsoluto disposal also, ,ndall t:iis is in n liinu of peace. I beseech nil truo lovers oi constitutional liberty, lo enntem iiuiu i in.-, kiuiu oi tilings and tell me wneihcr such bo a truo republican ndinin. istrnlion of this government. Whether particular consequences had ensued or nol, is such an accumulation of power in, llio band of tho executive, according to (lie!

spirit of our system? Is it ciuier wise or safe? lias it any warrant in tno prac. tico of former tun'js ? Or nre gentlemen rendy to estnhhsh tho practice, as an ex. ample for the benefit of those who aro to come after us ? Hut. sir. if tho nowertomako reprisals and this money from the treasury bad both boon granted, is there not great reason in believe that wo should have been now up to nur ears in a hut war? It will he said, I know, that if wo had armed tho President wit h this power of war, and supplied him with this grant nf munoy, France would havo taken this for such a proof of spirit on our pari, and tnatshc would have paid the indemnity without furlhor delay. This is the old htory and tho old plea. Kvery one who desires mure power than tho cun. slittition or tho laws give turn, always says, it he had mure power ho could do more good. Power is always claimed fur the good of the people; and dictators arc al ways made when made at all, fur the good of the people. Fur my part, sir, I was content, and am content, to show France that wo nre prepared to maintain our just rights ngamsl her, by the exertion ol our power, when need be, nccording to the forms of our own constitution ; that if wo maid-war, wo will malic il constitutionally, and that we will trust all our interests, both in peace nnd in war, to what the intelli gence and the strength oflho countrymay do fur ti'cm, without breaking down or cn- langering the labnc ol our Iree in-tiliilions. Mr. President, it is Ihe misfortune oft ho Senate lo have differed with the 'resident on many great questions, during Ihe last four or five years, I havo regretted this state of tilings deeply both on personal and on public account ; but it has been unavoid able, It is nn pleasant employment, it is no holiday business, to maintain opposition against power and against majorities, and to contend for stern and 6lurdy principle, against personal popularity, against a rush ing and overwhelming confidence, that, by wave upon wave, and calaract after cata rnct. seems to be bearing away and destroy ing watsoevcr would withstand it. How much longer wo may be able to support this opposition in any degree, or whether wc can possibly hold out till the public patriotism shall be awakened to a duo sense of the public danger, it is not for me to foretell. 1 shall not despair to the last, if in the mean, wo be true to our own princi ples. If there be a steadfast adherance to these principles, both here and elsewhere, if, one and all, they continue the rule ofonr conduct in the Sennlo, and the rallying point ol tlio-o who think with us and sup port us out ol the beuute, I am content to hope on, nnd to struggle on. While it re mains a contest for the preservation uf the Constitution, for the security of public lib erly, for the ascendancy of principles over men, I am willing to bear my part of it. If wu can maintain the Constiluiiun, if wc can preserve this security for liberty, if we can thus give to true principle its just su perinrt'y over party, over persons, over names, our labors will be richly rewarded. If wu fail in all this, they are already among the living, who will write the history ol tin liovernment, from us coiuin ncmeiil to ils close. WA-.ni.Nfi ro.v Jan. 22 I he House nt llepresenlai ives wa to day the theatre nl a scene, whieh has not been equalled since ihe night of ihe tumul moils breamngup ol Ihe last U nigre---. After Iho reading ol the Journal, Mr. Cam breleng rose, and called llio attention iho menib' rs to an nrlicle in Iho Telegraph oft lit? morning, in which certain s-talemenls were undo in relation to Ins conduct upon tho Three Million Appropriation, at the close of the last Se-sion. These slate ments. Mr Cainbreleng pronounced fa I and ho. further said, that at a suitable op pnrtunity ho would vindicate himself again iho charges winch had been made in the other House. Tlie Speaker here interposed, observing ibal it was not in order In allude in that manner to tho proceedings of tlie other brniieh nf Congress. Up in which, .Mr Q. Adams arose, and moved to suspend the rules ol'lhc House in order that he might introduce a rc-vlution. Permission was granted IOG yeas lo CO nays The resolution provided fjr Iho appoint menl of a select committee, empowered to send fur persons and pipers, and to enquire into tho real causes of Iho failure ol Ihe Fortification bill, containing a provision for the appropriation nf Three Millions of do lars.nl the close of the last Session. Mr Adams accompanied Ins resolution with some vehement remarks; in the course of which ho alluded, significantly, to certain charges which had been made against the House of Itcprcsentativcs, in another nMce, Here llio Speaker called him lo order. Mr Adams said, that he alluded to n place, and not tu tho Senate. Air Mercer, uf Virgin, la called the gentleman to order, nnd said l hat if he had not nominally, ho had liilen- li uiallv, alluded to tho other House, and that ho was out of order. Then, said Mr Adams I will shift the rrsonnsiuihtv bv referring In the charges in the iVhtional Intelligencer. Will that satisfy the gentleman? Air Mereor rejoin ed. that be should not bo allowed to protect himself bv a rouble, (Order! order! from difi'-rent parts of tho hall.) Mr Adams was proceeding to comment with some severity upon Iho debates of the senate, when he was again called to order by Air fiercer. (i,oud cries ol "go on! svi on! ' I rum administration members.) Mr Mercer reduced Ins point nforder lo wn ting, and it was read by tho Clerk. The charge was a disrespectful allusion to the Senate, conveyed in meaning, if not in words. Mr Adams retorted, that the gen tlunian's point of order should rest on words and not meaning. Unsaid, Ihnt if ho did not have the right to allude to Iho proceed ings of the Senate, at the last Session, he might as well sit down, nnd tnkc the vote ol the House upun his resolution. Mr Wise hoped that the gentleman would be permitted to proceed without in. rerrnption, in order nr out nforder. Tho Speaker said that the House wore called upon lo decide whether the words written down and read by tho Clerk, were tho precise words of tho gentleman from Massachusetts. Mr Adams said ho wished io bu understood tu allude In a past debate and to certain statements In the Intolligcn ccr. Air Itced, ol Massachusetts, inquired tu whoso sjiccch tho gentleman alluded. I (Repeated cries of order! order!) Mr liar din tried to gel the floor, but tho House exclaimed "No!" Willi groat unanimity. The Speaker finally put the question, were iliu wnrus reau uy iuu lyiun. nm precise words oflho gentleman from Massa chusetts? It was carried in the iiegfttHn. Mr Adnms again took tho floor, lie said tint his object was the restoration ol harmony between the iiittercni urancucs oi the government. I he exigencies ol me tune demanded it. I no voice nt ino pe nlo called fur it. He believed that by the appointment of a committee fur the pur pose, which he proposed, the charges made against thai House would bo disproved, Ilcsaid. alluding covertly lo Air Webster s late speech, that nn individual had declared, that if the enemy had been thundering al the gates ol the capital, ho would nol nave voted tho Three Million Appropriation; Sir! ho who could utter such a sentence, need go bill one step farther, lo join the enemy when they do come." At this outrageous ebullition ol spleen and blindfold pa--siun, one of the most ex Iraordinary violations nl the decorum ol the House occurred, which were ever wit nessed in a legislative assembly. A luud clapping nl hands was heard Irom n iiutn- r ul the mluiinistralien mcmbets lo'lowc l by hisses from the galarios, which were much rriwded. I'lte Speaker nn this occasion beh ived with much prupricty nnd spirit, mid I wish ho had exercised the snmo firmness nnd Itscrction throughout the remainder of tbo lebalc. He said that, never since the foundation of the government had such a violation of preliminary observances been know n in tho House. (Cries uf never! nov or!) He called upon the old members, and llio young members to assist him in prosor ving the decorum, which was so essential to their existence as n legislative body. Air Adams closed Ins remarks in much the same strain, in which they were begun, attempting to vindicate the managers o1" tho ruling party in the Hnnsc from Un charge of' producing the loss of tho Fortlfi cation liill. Several members sprung to obtain Ihe floor ns soon ns he Fat down, but Mr Wise was foremost, and tu nun il was resigned His speech was in many respects nn extra- ordinary one. A bomb-shcl! thrown into Iho midst of the hall could not have pro duced a greater turmoil and excitement Ho began by staling that he hid not ex peeled that the subjVet under di-ciission would have come up thai day, nnd that he was but imperfectly prepared for it. He should confine him:c:lf principally tu a state mcnt of facts. Tho question was an im portanl one, and iho coming Presidential canvass might be materially affected by it. He said thai ihe rcspoii-ibilily uf the los. of the Foilificalion Hill rested neither up- nn tho House nor upon the Senate. The issue should mil be made up hot ween Ihein lheresponsibil.lv was attributable to nn individual directly before him. (Mr Cam breleng sits immediately in front of Mr Wise, who, seizing linn by tbu shoulder exclaimed:) I say lo the gentleman as Na than sanl to IJavid, I hull art Ihe man (Hero Air Cainbreleng blushed deeply, seemed agitated, nnd seized his pen and proreniieii lo write.) Air Wise proceed in ins exposit ion of ihe encuiosinuees iitli'ii iluig the lo-s oflho bill m the lloo-o. He read i x ra:l-fr-'in Hi jo irual if ihe Houe, proving the gro-spi incin-i dencies of con duct ai-aiu-i .Mr Cimlreleiig. who ab-o liilely writhed beneath ihe withering indic ium, lie proved tint ne with Air Jienrds. ley, voted f . r tho Cumberland Road hill after 12 o'clock, when they declined noting upon llicForlilicalion hill,btciu-o Ihe C in" stitutioal hour for adjournment had arriV' d Ho alluded lo Mr F. O. J. Smith as one oi the must faithful of tin: servants of the ad- inini-tralion at the last Session. Air Wise was I'rrquenlly intci ruplcd bv Ihe Speaker for In- p -rsonalilies, until ut last ho exclaimed ' I protest ogsuist these con, lant inierrup'ions from Ihe Speaker. '' lie then went on to dispatch Air Cambru long. The "premonitory" inierrupied him every half iriuiiie, by some conversational muttering, which was not audible tu the rest of the House, but which Air Wise in slantly seiz -d upon, and replied lo n'ond I ho cllect was ludicrous. Air Wise, said he would like to have nn explanation of the circumstances, ho had narrated. "I nil explain them," said Cam, "any time you wish." "V nv attempt it." said '.Vi.-e Air Wise finally threw down the ?auntlel at the Seaker himself, nud mentioned cor tain expressions as having lallen from Air Polk, which manifested a shameful subser viency lo Kxcculivo dictation on his part. The Speaker asked loavooflhe Ilnu-e to explain in Ins seal. His request nt lir-t wns vcuemcntiy opposed, but unanimous cm sent wns finally given, nnd Iho Speaker, rising in ins seat, entered into an exu ana lion of the cnnversalinn alluded tu by AIi iy,c n ,:-n.. -.1 .l -I, ., iiu i-nsi-iiiiuny umuiiieu nn ina hnd been alleged by the latter gentleman in relation to liinisell, begged pardon for having interrupted linn. Air iso resumed, nnd snnkn nl iho condition ol some members of the House on the night of the close of tho last session lie said that some wero s eenv and soim were drunk. On boiim called to order, lu- saiu ne uiu not say that nil the members nor nan oi mem, nor a tilth, nor a tenth part ol them were tipsy, but ho could safe- vouch that some ol them were in that condition Air Lane, of ImJianin. here rose and requested the gentleman from Vir ginia to name the members lo whom he lluded. "No, sir," replied Air Wise. "I will not be personal, I migl.t make the gen tleman unhappy " Un motion uf Air Peyton, i f Tennessee. the Houu adjourned, leaving Air Wise in possession ot tho Hour. Washington. Jan. 9.3 Air Wise continued to-day his exposition f Iho circumstances altenduin: tlie loss of tho l ortilicaiion Hill, in tho House of Uep rrsculalives nt the close of tho Inst session. 1 lie galleries wero more crowded than 1 have ever seen them. Soon nfter the reading ol tno Journa . Air. Wiso ohmim-d tno tioor, nnd kept it with but a brief intermission, lor three hours, when ot In- conclusion Mr. Cauiberleng rose, and made a motion fur acjourument, prefacing it with a few remarks. Tho speech of Air. Wise wns n inrmm ni bold invectives, startling deductions and yohement asseverations H0 hurled Ins bollaoV defence at the whole administration, expressed Ins sovereign contempt nf Air. Van Iluren called the bpeaker a loot and I. I M . M. .. an instrument anuniiiiiiuu mi. uuinuiu- ,,,, .litrmatized Air. Adams as nn apos tate from Federalism laughed nt perish credit lleardsley lold tho Van Ilnrcnitcs that they wore RoduriclcDhu men, who might be called together wiiu n winsiie ltd finally approaciiing royany men, ois dared to grasp the -roaring lion" by llio untie. Air. Wise said that ho wns aware of the responsibility hu incurred in exposing the corruptions o'ftho reigning dynasty, but tbo statements which he had made wero recorded, incontrovertible lads, lie call ed Iho attention of the House to the con fession, which he had yesterday wrung from the Speaker, in relatiuii to a conver sation held on the last night uflhc last session. Air. Polk then Chairman uf the Comnutten of Ways and .Means had said that Iho Three Alsllioii Appropriation was wanted by the President, but that this was to be kept a secret. Proceeding from this. Air. Wis- went on to denounce the lamp- erin"' of the Executive with tho other de partments of the gnvevnment. "A noble, talented, exalted self-sustained ambition, liite that nf Napoleon," said Air. Wise, "aspiring to power over tho ruin of the Constitution," I can admire while I res s' ; but the servile minions, and groveling par asites uf secret despoti-m, I ubhor and do' spise. II we are to nave uespuusm, iei u be open, palpable and unconcealed, that I may lake the wings oflho morning and fly to the ultctmost parts of the earth rather than submit to its control." Air. Wise went over the whole ground uf executive aliuso Si usurpation, in his re- marks. lie charged the President ofclcc tionccring slang in his Message, and of gross interference in the politics of differ ent stales Mr. Van Burcu was dragged forth from the background oflho tableaux vivans, and shown up it n masterly stylo. The true reasons of the loss ol the for tification bill, so disgraceful to tha pertly cabal by whom it was contrived, wore reiterated and proved iu a manner, which cannot be conlroverlo 1. An allusion to a passage in Air. Adam's; speech nfyestcrday, bruught that member to bis feet in cxplanaton. Air. Adams said that in his remark that Iho person, who could say that he would not have voted for tho throe million appropriation, if the ene my ha I been hiltering down the cipital, need proceed but a step farther, and that was an easy one, to join the enemy in their work of demolition in this remark, he had irrrely personifi d a sentiment he dis c'aimed any allusion tu an individual. He wojld further beg leave tu say, lint in vo ting lor Ihe Three Million Appropriation, he had acted aenrding lo the imperious dictates of Ins conscience. Ho hid diff ered on that subject with all Ins co'leagnes save one. who did nol now occupy a -eat in tint body. Ou most other grent polit ical question, be had concurred with them cordially and sincerely, nnd he Iru-teJ that ho sh u!d continue lo do so. Air Wiso said, that he had alluded lo the remark made yesterday by the gentle man from Alaachuse'ls in order to bring out iho explanation, which hul bien given. It iniiigateil but did nol mi'eriilly a ler hu vers in of the passage in his speech. "So it was tho porsoii'licntton of a sentiment, to winch Ihe gen'leoinn directed In- nidig. nail in! Ii is cerlaudv a mosi sub-lnntial per-onifirntiim. I c, n give it eyes, I'eatu cf, I'Xoressiou, fornnHen and uui-cle. A phre II ilogist would call ll n mo-t inlollectiia I being." Air wi-e proceeded to rp ie the quililo b-liiml which, the geti'leman from Mas-aclnisr;its has enl renehed him-i-lf. Il.j -horil; afterward launched uilo an i.-lequenf. peroration, nnd closed by exprt ing a devout wish, that thn facts, lo which he had given publicity might go abroad and be known throughout the land that the people m'ght bo apprized of the extent of executive dictation and legi-lntivo servility of the astounding corruptions, which have existed and do exist in branches of this go vurnmcnt. Air Combreleng. on rising to move an adjournment, said lint ho should be much more brief in his reply, than the gentleman had been in his attack- On a li'tin" occa sion he should repel nnd ihsannrnvo ihn iharges which had been made against bun by a member of the senate. Ho further said, that Ihe assertions oftho ,'enieunn from Virginia wore by no means now. I hey had appca-cd before in a Phil. ndelph a paper, at the time the Senator to whom he had alluded was in thul eilv. With these brief remarks. Mr. Cambre. leng moved to adjourn, leaving upon the minds nf his hearers a very formidable im pression nf what he is going to do una fitting oc-aion. The "premoni'ory" is a poor crulure. He shifts his demonstrations? of attack from Air. Wise to Air. Web-ter, for the reasun, that Air. Webster is in lha Senate, whero he cannot blast Air Cunbrel ong with a look, and Air. Wise isintho House where he would inevitably reply if attacked. Washington Jan. 27. In the Homo this morning, Air C'atnbrelong nndcrlonk to reply to tho exposition mado tho ollior day by Mr. Wise. Tho speech of Mr Cambrcleng was for tbo most part a repetition of Hubbard's speech in thu Senalo in reply to Mr Webster, llo w ilhdrcw his threat of de molishing tho Senator from Alassacliusctls, to whom bo said bo had dono injustice in attri. buling lo him certain statements, which ho now believed did not procoed from him. Air Cambreloag was by no means sucec-sl'ul in explaining away tho prominent disclosures, which havo been made in respect to the loss of Iho Fortification bill. Ho mitigated some of llio subordinate circumstance, but the prin cipal fuels stand forth uucoutruvorted. Air, Hardin has the floor tomorrow on Ibis subject.. In tho Senato Judge Wliito spoko at some length on llcnlon's resolution llo referred to the Globe as Ihe last placo on God's earth in which to look for tho truth. T)U. Hurt's AM-IIILIOUS PI M.S. 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