Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, April 1, 1836, Page 2

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated April 1, 1836 Page 2
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FRIDAY MORNING, APRIL 1. KOS I'HESIDKNT WM, M. EIAKKISOJi". KUll VICE I'KESIDKNT FRANCIS GUANO HIl. KUll GOVERNOR SIS A3 SI. J 3 IT E 3 O XJ LIEUT. OOVKIINUK DAVID M. CAMl', of Dcihy. T iik Ohio County- Cleiic. We invite tlio nltenlion of our readers to nn interest ing article on our first page, extracted from Judge Hall's life of Gen. Harrison. It is a plain unvarnished talc, but will amply re pay a perusal. By tho following patriotic Idler, it will bo soen that Mr. Webster has expressed a wish to liavo his name withdrawn from tho ProsN demial canvass. It is said, however, that tho Whig member of lho Legislature (now in session) have unanimously resolved to adhcro to tho nomination. Mr. Webster is decidedly in favor of a concentration of strength on Gon. Harbison. Washinoton, Feb. 27, 1S3G, My Dear Sir, 1'liu Whig IWcmbcis of the Legislature of Massachusetts, of iiir I.131 ve.tr, saw nt to put mo 111 nomination lor the office of I'resi. dent ofilie United Slates. Eienu hate since occurred, which were proba bly not anticipated, ami which may be iliooglit lo have londeicd a reconsideration of that nomination expedient. If this opinion lnutti be entertained by the Whig Members of the present Legislaluie, I should exceedingly regiet that lliey should forbear to act upon il, fiom any motitcs of delicacy towards inc. Indeed, in the auioof iliins at present ex isting in llie country, my personal wishes are, to withdraw my name fiom die place it occupies be fore the public, in connexion with the nppioaching lociion; and I am con-trained from so doing, only bv iliccoiiiderKiion, that tbeie are interests, which might be affected by mill it movement, in regard to which the opinions of others ought lo be consulted. I wish jou, therefore, my dear sir, to signify to our friends, tint not only would it give me no pain to be no longer con-idered a candidate, but that such a change in my relations to the country would be altogether agreeable to my personal feelings. At the same time, I wibh it may 11I50 be said to them, that I shall not act in opposition to their judgment, of what is ir-rpiired by the public good. I shall nut separate fiom ihem, nor from those principles which we hate hiiherlo maintained, anil which,! trusi, we shall continue to uiaintain.wheth er in majorities-or minorities, or in prosperous or iidverso furluoe. If in their opinion, our common principles and common ctuse, notwithstanding ult.it has occuired, do still require of me, that I remain in my present position, I fhall cheerfully abide by jheir deienninaiion, confident tint in no events hereafter to happen, can it become matter of rcgiet 10 uie, lh.it I hate conformed 10 what seemed best lo iheir honest patriotism and intelligent eenso of public dutj. With this distinct expression of my own personal wishes, ilictefure, I leave ihe subji-cl fir their de cision ; deshing them to consider nothing, but what jui mil consistent principle, sinceie, patriotic duly, nnd the great cause of Constitutional Liberty may appear, in the present posture of public affairs, to demand from ihem and from me. With tery true regard, Your ob'dt servant, DANIEL WEBSTER. To II. W. Kinsman, Esq. Van Ruren has dune an unkind thing for somo of his supporters in this Slate ; and we cannot but commiserate tbo awkward dilemma of tho Franklin Journal. That paper has attempted to justify its unprinci pled support of Van Burcn'by falsely as suming that lho issue was between White and Van Buren tho north and the south nnd that as northern men we were bound to support the latter on the ground of bis opposition lu slavery, and his peculiar coin cidence in sentiment with the abolitionists. It was shocked at bara possibility that a man might bo elected President who would sustain slavery as it now exists at the south ! and most eloquently has it urged its readers to avert this dreadful calamity by voting fur Mr. Van Buren. Now gen tlemen, stand up to the lack, and ifyou are honest in these sentiments, tell us what you think of tho following explicit avowal of Mr. Van Buren in hid letter of tho Gth inst, to tho people of N. Carolina. Tho itali cising is his own. Mark it. "I prefer that not only you, but nil the people of tno u, states snail now understand, 1l1.1t il the desire of that portion of tlicm which is favorable tomv elevation to the Chief Mugietracj-, should bo gratified, I must go into the Presidential Chair the inflexible and uncompromising opponent of any at tempt on tbo part of Congress 10 abolish blaiery in the Dimfcjf Coluh Against the wishes of tho slave-holit; stales ; and also wiih the detcrinina. lion equally decided, to resist the slightest inter ferenoo with the subject in the Stales where it ex ists. And will tho conscientious Journal still prefer this "northern rrtan,"who 13 thus going to sustain Noithern interests and put down Slavery by " resisting tho slightest interference with tho subject in tho States whero it exists, 'or oven in tho District of Columbia, ETagainsl 'tho wishes of lho Slavcholding Statcs'VxD Wo predict that'll will. Having put on tho eollar, il will tamely follow its " Northern Loader," and submit lo "lho wiihct of the Slavo-holding States." Having thus secured tho northern "dough faces," by tho promibo of " spoils," Mr. Van Duren of courso fools himsolf at liberty to ledgo himself to Southern men and mcrsurcs. From (he Stato Journal. tit..- Ilnn.ni.1. VA llUVn tnllPtl HOITM' V11 nn moding with our political friends b variouj parts of tliu State, sincu the convention, to iiKpiiro how Hie iiuin inathtH nrc reccifcd aiiiong thu people Very well,' is tho universal reply thus far. An intelligent niitiimisun Irotn Roxbury was asked if he h id heard of any nutiuia snr.s who had lately gone over to Van 13 11 ron. Mot uiu was thu answer. Another friend from l!runklicld one of thu earliest anliinasons 111 t lie Slate reports that the nominations! arc well received in that re. gion. Neither does he know til" n single instance of defectum livery body seems surprised ut the outirso taken by tho mi nority, hut a firm determination to adhcro to the old landnntks of Antimasuiuy is at tbo same tune avowed. We hear by loiter from several towns 111 Orle.ins and Caledo nia comities, that a similar spirit prevails in that quarter. The tititlinasons at the North complain loudly of tho late tlounco of the North Star. They will never consent to bo seld out to thu Federal Magician. On the West side of lho Mountaitis,Vjti Huron stock, wo are assured, is in small demand. Tho Van Huron presses, just now are noisy enough with their boasts of anticipated victory; but the people of Vermont arc too firmly settled in their principles to be mov ed by empty clamor. Vermont and New Hampshire, according to our geography, aro two different States. True, we havo vascillating politicians bore, but the mass of our people aro intelligent, steadfast and immoveable) as our mountains. Especially and emphatically is this true of tho Anti masonic yeomanry. Antimasonry is based upon principles, which enter deeply and fundamentally into the structure of repub lican institutions. Those who have honestly espoused this cause, have done so after an Intelligent examination of the doctrines it cherishes as vital lo its existence. Such men aro not to bo made the cat's paws of unprincipled demagogues. They are not to bo gulled by newspaper squibs, nor by tho mock cry of "monopoly," coming from the sturdiest practical monopolists in the laud. What matters it to an antitnason, whether the supremacy of the laws be in vaded by Masonry, or by tho more open and bold assaults of lho national Executive? Wo repeat those who aro calculating upon any change in the political character of Vermont, discover but littlo knowledge of lho character of the pooplo for intelli gence, uprightness and integrity. Suni'Lus Revenue. The late accounts from Washington say that tho cabinet have themselves become alarmed at the enor mous amount of tho Surplus revenue and are devising ways and means to dispose of it. Two modes havo boon EUggostod. Ono is to placo largo sums at lho disposal of stales, or companies authorized by states, lo make rail roads upon which the United Stales mail shall be carried without expense to tho government; and as the plans arc, of course. so extensive as lo include every state in the Union, it follows that tho govern ment would have thejinlluenco of its money and its favor, as extensive as its bounty, Wc bcc many objections to this scheme, but il is not now proper to discuss lho sub ject. The second proposition is to lend to tho state, pro rata, the whole of tho surplous revenu'without interest, to bo returned when tho government, by a war or from other causes, shall have need therefor. This measure, wo have heard, is proposed and earnestly advocated by Mr. Kendall, the I'ost Master General- It appears to us that this is the best of two plans, and if only tho two nrc proposed, wo should hopo that Mr. Kendall wojIJ succeed in that imputed to Inm. Rail Rods. Tho Baltimore papers givo us tho details of a very impoitant experiment on ilia Baltimore and Ohio Rail Road, to test the power of a now ongino in ascending and descending tho inclinod planes. Tho result is astonishing, and will constitute an era in lho history of Rail Roads. From CO to 70 feet has heretofore, been considered tho cxtrcmo limit; but in this instance a weight of 21 tons was drawn up a piano rising SGI feet to tho mile. When lho train arrived at tho fool of tho piano, ono largo and threo small cars, it was intended to remove tho passengers into tho largo car and ascend with thai but "What was our ourpriso, says a gonlloman who was present, instead of coming to a halt, to soo tho whole array, big car and all, shoot ing up tho piano at the rato of fivo milos an hour. Mr Gwyiin, tho Enginoor, took it into his head to disobey orders and to push upward with lho cnti ro train as it was. Tho first piano is 2000 feet long, and a considciablo. portion of it rises at lho rato of 201 feot lo lho mile. Wo went up with great case. Tho next piano is about 3000 feet long. Its ascent is in ono part, 170 feet to tho milo in another, 227, and in a third part, 2C 1 feet to lho milo Our progress was steady, vigorous and rapid, until wo got within 20 paces of tho top of tho piano. Hero wo dropped tho llirco light cars, and bad tho satisfaction to soo tho cngino act ually start from this position, on tho piano of 2C1 feet, with all apparent case, and drag tho largo heavy car and its company to tho top. Tho burthen homo in tho experiment has been weighed, and amounts lo 20 tons. Tho cars detached on tho last piano aro estimated at 5 tons, leaving 21 tons as tho weight taken over 204 feot clovalion in the mile. Tho return down the planes was excccdiujly interesting. Tho ongino hold back liko a trained horse and I brought us, with two burthen cars in adjlion,! (making an increase of about II Ions,) o the foot, at tho rato of one ur two mile.1 0 tho hour, and varying at lho pleasttro of t j Kn. giiiour, who sometimes slopped block st 1. All this was done without tho aid of break:, and simply by tho backward action of the ct fine." Good .news itiom Ft.ontrA. Wi have h his gouo junc intelligence that General Clinch, w forces, in all about eight hundred, ha. to aid Ueneral Oaines, nnd effected lion with him. With their united urccs, amounting to nearly two thousand men, Gen, Gaines intended crossing the Wiihla coochie. His boats, llnatiug brid;es,&c. were all prepared. He has four welvo pounders, with which to cover his hniling on tho opposite side of thu Withlaciuchie. General Gaines has never shown to lho In dians mure than two hundred men at one lime. In every instance of an ntlack.wheth er by night or day, ho was prepared for them, having anticipated tho movements of Oseola. In this way, he made greal havoc 01110111 the enemy, havintr killed teveral hundred of them. His lus, before General Clinch joined him, was only eight killed and about forty wounded. He had men enough ntid only asked for provisions and atnuniliun. From somo observations made by General Gaines, thu number of Indians is estimated at butweou two and threo thousand. They had made a fortification about four miles distant, of earth nnd facincs, and surrounded it with n moat. It was probaly their strong hold and contained their women and chil dren. A severe struggle was anticipated. The report that a hostile feeling existed be tween General Scott and General Gainesjis contradicted. They co-operate cordially, and it was confidently hoped thut thu war would bo terminated in five or six weeks. Our accounts from General Gaines are to tho 5lh instanl. Boston Transcript. An officer of tho Georgia volunteers who marched to Fort King with Gen. Clinch, writes as follows : To give soino idea of tho scarcity nt Fort King I will mention tlmt g3 was paid for one biscuit, $1 per gill for liquor iJiO per gallon was offered tor liquor and would have born civen readily, I think in one instance 100 was offered fur onu gallon. Muney was 01 no use, grog usurped Us place ami would buy any thing 111 the eating lino. I offered a U. fc. soldier 2 j cents fur his cup of coffee, and he would nut lake it, but would have given it up instantly for a drink of liquor. The generous fellow divided it with me and would not charge n cent. Accounts from Texas, roccived by cx press, arc given in 1110 mtcticz uouncr ot the -1th iust. They represent the affairs of Texas in no favorablo light. Sanlu .limit was marching on Texas, having sworn "to take Texas or Iojo Mexico." His advance of three thousand five hundred men was ap- proaoliing Sun Antonio. Tho Camancho Indians, however, are represented as quiet, Gov, Houston being engaged in treating with them. Gen. Cos was making groat efforts to enlist troops and had, it is said, ulrcady a considerable force undr his command. Wasiii.ngtjn, March 21. Mr Benton reported a bill for the ndmis Bion ot Michigan to the Union. Mr liu chanan reported n bill for Ihe udmissiun of Arkansas to the Union. The hill making furthor appropriation for t tic Indian war was passed. ulr forter addressed the Senate at somo length, on the Expunging Resolution, in reply to ftlr Uenton. Uetoru he had concluded, lie gave way for a post ponement of tho subject, and the benate au iourued. In the tlnusa nt itaprcscutauvcs, me motion of Mr Cambrelong to discharge tho committco of the whole from lho bill to ro- peal tiio l ltli section of tho act incorporat ing the Bank of the United states, was again taken up. Mr Cumbroleng spoke in favor uf the motion und of immediately passing the bill. Mrlngorsoll opposed it as unnecessary, the section in the law being extinct with lho law. Mr Adams opposed the bill. He had hoped that the war upon this bank was at an end. lie had heard of no reason for discrediting the notes of the bank. The question wa-, further deba ted until 1 o'clock, tho hour for special or' dors, when the consideration of the navy appropriation hill wan resumed, and Mr Bell continued his speech, Ho spoke three hours, and then guvo way for a motion for the committee to rise, and the House adj EXPUNGING. Tho proposition to mar and mutillatc the records of tho Sonalc of lho United States is fairly under debate in that body, two lea ding speeches having been made upon it one by lho mover of it, and tho other by Mr. PortTKn, tho able and respected Sen alor from Louisiana. It will be somo days, however, before Mr. PortTEii's Speech can be prepared for the press- Wo shall not wait so long to put our readers in possession of one of the passages in that Spoech, which told with un irresistable effect. It was that in which roferring to the introduction of expunging precedents from British history, the Louis iana Senator traced them down to their true origin, bs follows: Mr. Pohteh, aftor arpuing for sometime with gravity and seventy, ui'ainst the posi lion assumed by Mr. Benton, and offering various reasons why British precedents were it of force here, 011 a question of this kind, said "With what semblance of justice, then, can it bo urged that these matters are lo bo regulated by English parliamentary practice? The introduction of any rubes 011 lho subject into tho Constitution excludes such an idea; and the rules themselves, in consistent with those prevailing in England forbid any such conclusion. "Lei us, however, sir, (said Mr. P. fol low this matter a little further. If, us the honorable Senator says, we nro to be gov urued by the English practice on tins tub- ji - ct of expunging, I presume wo must take that practice entiru; we aro not at liberty tti introduce one nut of it. and nMcct an other. Thorn is certainly no rule in our body which prescribes how it is lo bo done; wo 'must, therefore, imitatu thu parliamcn tnry precedents throughout. Now, said Mr. P. if I understand tho precedents right they establish the principle that, whenever tho parliamentary proceedings infringe on tho rights, real or supposed, of the Execu tive Chief Magistrate, he semis fur the juurnals, or comes to the House, and strikes out the offensive matter with his own hand. When, on thu contrary, lho powers of the body on legislative mailers are impunged by thu vole, order, or resolution, or aro im properly exercised, the erasure is mado by an uliicer, under the order uf the House Such appears to be tho practice there and if it is to govern us here, let us have it in its purity. The resolution, therefore, pro posed by tho Senate, is entirely gratuitous; the Ihiug cun be dune, and strictly speak ing, uuglit to bo ilnuo, without any action un"our part. The President himself, accor ding to tho excellent rules of Parliament which the gentleman recomiiends to our adoption, has the right to send for our journals, and mako such correction in them

as he thinks lit. 1 Hal senators may see 1 am not mistaken on this ubject, I beg leave to quote to them tho fallowing illustrious precedent, derived from tho act of the re. nowncd and sapient King James the Fik-.t, of blessed mcr.iorij. I he House ot (Jomtnons in rugianu, sir, said Mr. V J at tne lime wneti uieir t? onouj contest between the prerogatives of the Crown and tho rights of the Peoplo was about to commence, passed tho lot lowing resolution: "The Commons now assembled in Parliament, 'being juslly occasioned ihereunlo, concerning siui 'dry liberties, franchises, und privileges of l'.trli.i- mem, amongst otners uere niuuuuiicu, uu main, una protestation lollowing : 111.11 tue nucriies, irauuns 'us. and Jurisdictions of Parliament arc ihe ancinet aim outuonoiCii uiriiirigui unu iiineriiaiiuo ui mu subjects of England ; and that ihe urgent and ardu ous ufTairs concerning the king, stale and defence of llie realm, and of (lie church of England, and lho maintenance and making of the laws, and re dress of mischiefs and grievance, which cl.illv 'happen within ibis realm, are proper subjects and .... mm. nf. iM.tt.nl mill ilnlirtln In 1 '.ifl S.iniPn t ! .Illll lhal. in the haudlini and proceeding of those liui- 'nesscs, every member of the Ilotisoof Parliament 'li.uli. ami of li'lit 0112I1I to liave.fi tciloin of speech Mo propound, Ileal, reason, and bring to conclusion lliesame; and ili.it the Commons, in Parliament, 'have llie hberly and ficcdom to licit or lliese mat tcrs, in such order as, in their judgment, fhall 'seem finest ; and that every member of the said 'House iialli like freedom liom all impeachment 'imprisonment, and molestation (other than by cen 'sureof the House ilself) for or concerning any sncakim. reasnnini, or declaring of anv mailer or 'mallei, touching llie r.irliainent or I ariiainent 'business. And that, uanv ol thesaul members oe conudained of. and questioned for any lhin done 'or said in l'ai li.iincni, the same is to be show i to llie king, by the ndvico and consent ol all the Commons, assembled in Parliament, before llie king give credence to any private information." "The 6overign jusl alluded to, sir, (said Mr. P.) ou learning this audacious avowal of right on the part ot the uomm ns, was extremely indignant ; ho dissolved the body and. callinz lor the lournals, struck out the resolution with his own hands. Now, sir, (said Mr. P.) I proposo that 'we shall, in all thinns, conform to the risrhl roval nrtccdenl. Let there bo no halfway work. Lot. us carry out the glo rious examplo in all its length, breadth, and proportion. "If, however, the honorable Senator will not go the whole, I recommend to him, said Mr. P. tn come as near to it as ho can, and I humbly submit lo him, whether lie hud not better so amend, or rather so modify, his resolution, that wc may invito tho President of the United Stales to visit this body, and be himself the instrument 'by which this stain on our proceedings shall bo removed. I would propose said Mr. P. such an amendment myself; but, us I would be compelled to vote against the resolution cveu so amended, I am 'afraid it would nut bo courteous to adopt 'such a course. But I again recommend to 'the honorable Senator to think of the mat 'tor, and give his proceeding the shapo 'propose. Tho Senator, I toe, said Mr '1'. signifies Ins dissent, and 1 tear wo 'mus.1 Bwal.'ow the dose as he has prepared 'it;butJhoping that my suggestion might be 'favorably received, i had this inoruing, be- 'furo coming here, carried out the whole 'scene in my own mind. "I had imagined, sir, said Mr. P., the 'Senate convened; thu members in their 'seats; nur faithful Secretary at his post 'Tho nuproach of tho President is announc 'ed. Immediately our Sergeant-al Arms 'a very grave and discreet person, who 'each day so clearly and audibly ttnnoun 'cw, messages from the House of Rcprescn 'lathes' cvc. &c, takes his station at tho 'dour, and in u distinct and firm tone cries 'out, rVte President of the United States. Ho ' enters. Wo rise from our 6cats, joy glis toning in tho eyes of his friend dismay pic 'lured on the countenances of his opponents Ho traverses the room with a firm step 'and dignified air. You the Vice-Presi 'dent rise from your seat, sir. and receivi 'him witli that grace and urbanity which 'su eminently distinguish you you salute 'him with affectionate complacence. He 'answers your salutation with kindness and 'dignity, All eyes aro fixed on vou and 'him. nnd, more favored than nthcr mortals 'our vision is blessed at the same moment Srith the seiiii-and tha rising sun ''Tho preliminaries of reception passed over, and tho bustle attending it termi naled, n solemn silence prevails. You 'sluwly risu from your seat tho President 'does tho same you pause tor u moment, 'and cannot conceal lho emotions which 'thu affecting scene gives riso to; you are however, at lasi composed, and you au 'dress tho President in theso words ; "Sire : 'I hi Scnalo of the United States have 'imposed on ine tho most ngiccable duly of announc 'ing lo jou the object which lias induced them to 'request jour presenco in their chamber. Deeply 'impressed with llie value of your services in the 'field und ihe cabinet ; convinced that, under I)i 'line Providence, you have rendered more services 'lo mankinj 'than any other mortal who hat 'lived in Ihe tide of timet,' ihey lire anxious to 'show their detotion 10 jour person, and their sen- 'sibility to jour fame. It is with grief they are 'under the ncccily of saying that llicro is found 'on llicir journal a resolution of this body, which Is 'unworthy of them and of you, That icsulution 'declaics tint the Seu.iie differ in opinion with jou Vide Mr. Hentoii's speech. on Ilia lawfulness anil onsliliilionalily of onu oil jour public acts a declaration, sir, which they had no Huthoiity lo make, and which is untrue, in asmuch as it dissents from thu opinion of you, Ihe wisest ami lho beat. Tho Senalo have lesolied that it shall be expunged fiom their journals, ns n warning to posterity tli.it this branch of lho Legis lation shall, in all time hereafter, keep within ils constitutional powers, and express no opinion ou uny net of the Chief Magistrate. Tho Senalo hate considered, sir, that it would be more grate ful to jou. und more conformable to precedents drawn from tho purest periods of British history, that jou should expunge tViis otiiotu resolution with your own hand. Tho manner in which the expurgation should bo offectiM is left entirely to your discretion. To erase lho resolution by drawing black lines around it, is the mode prefer red by many of jour fiiends, and particularly by that distinguished and high-minded body, the Virginia Legislature. I present jou, sir, this pen, that it may, in jour own hand, avenge jour n lungs, mid shall only further say, sir, that this is ihe happiest and 'proudest moment of my life, It is glory enough for any one mim,!" 1 Sir, said Mr. P. I had also run out the gracious answer which the President would have made to this loyal and affection ato address, but 1 felt I was treading on ground which I could not approach, and 1 therefore abandoned it," &c. &c. &c. Tho correspondent of the Commercial Advertiser givjs the following version of Mr Senator Porter's reply. The chamber was at first thinly filled; but as lie proceeded it became and contin ued densely crowded. All other business and amusement was thrown up, and even Hill and Nlles deferred the composition of their touibs to another time. Porter com menced with the meaning ol thu phrase to keep o journal." Every plain and un educated man, woman and child in the country, ho said, could never doubt, fur moment, tho true meaning ot tiie term to keen, in this connexion. But when it comes up among erudite and ingeniuu lawyers and statesmen, at once a difficulty arises. It is found that the word ha? thirty-six different meaning-", und it requires the ut most stretch of ingenuity to determine which is to be taken. The Senator under takes to keep a horse. He looks at Ins dictionary and finds that tn keep has the meaning ot to copy out earcullij, and hud ing the horso lias no skill in cmrograpliy he turns him adrift. Again he undertakes to keep a book ; and finding that to keep means to Iced, he throws away tlio book bo cause it will noleat its provender. Or in the heyday of his life, he may, on Ihe pleasant banks of the Cumberland, which formerly wenl by a mere poetic name. have recoiv ed a lock ot hair and have promised to keep it, ns Ihe token of au undying attach merit. But at the next joyful meeting, lie is compelled to say, that not being able to determine tne meaning ol ro Keep, the pre cimis token is unfortunately gone. Unin tcnuptcd laughing, Benton ou Ins back, face upwards and covered with his nand Jlrpunifing in Tennessee. Tho Logisla' lure of l oime-ee, allliough still reposing confidence in General Jackson, so far astu dif approve uf the resolution of the Senate censuring him fur the removal of tho do posites, yet entertaining a just sense of the gross impropriety, und the unconstitution ality of expunging the resolution from the luurnal o; the benalc, liavo passed the lot lowing resolution, with but twenty opposing voles : Resolved, That it is the opinion of this Genoral Assembly, that it is not coustitu tionnl to expunge lho said resolutions from thu Journals of Un; Senate but said process would violate that provision of the consti tution of the United Slates which requires that eacli House shall keep a journal uf its proceedings; From the Boston Atlas. TROUBLE AMONG THE TORIES. There is as much trouble as ever bciwcen the Monopoly and Anti-Monopoly Deinn crats, The .lnlics say that tho Demncra ey of llie Custom Houso officers and Mor ning I ust party is all lunii'jw' and that they do not object in the least to any Mo nopolies which they can get into their own hinds. In proof of llus.lhey cite tho East Boston and Mount Washington monopolies tho East Florida Rail Road, the Depositc Uanks, tho Fifty Two Millions Mutistcr nnd the monopoly ofollicns and government jobs which they have enjoyed without any rotation tor the last seven yetirs! "Monup oly in your teeth," say the Antics "we wish nothing more tn do with such Demo crats! Whereupon tho Properly Demo crals, through their organ the Post, loot savage, nnd brush up their whiskers, and talk loud of tho rights of property, nnd sav that the Anti-Monopolists ore all Paupers and Pickpockets-and that they want lo make all mankind as "lazy" as themselves, or "lo burn all their neighbor's huuscs,as a kind of anil-monopoly argument." From lho Uoslou Ueformer. ''Tho bold, impudent, unblushing etTron tery, exhibited by the office holders and their tools at the meeting last night, must convincu all who are not of them, that they of that tribe aro modest und discreet conn scllors !!! and honorable men. And who wcro they who distinguished themselves und disgraced the naino of Dc mocracy with such humiliating servility and such debasing subserviency. Who were they? l hese creatures were, first office holders, next their retainers and ex pectants, then the dependants upon acconi modations ot the Democratic Hanks." From the Boston I'ost. Tho real truth is, that according to tho proclaimed principles of tboso who call themselves "anti monopoly Democrats," none but u pauper or pick pocket is quali ncu to ocioiig to ineir party uieir name. like Major Johnson's horse Spry, is only nick-name. Tho "ar.fi monopoly" Demo crats, as they style themselves, aro no more Democrats, than tho turkey-buzzard is turkey. They are carrion birds the tail end of whiggism ; and if the whigs want have them, the dovil himself must claim his own they must follow their brothers. The Ohio Legislature granted, at its re rent session. acts of iiicuiporation to thirty two new railroads, and five canals! From the New Yoik Slur. TO THE PEOPLE or i nc U. STATES. The public moneys belong to you ; you are tho owners of the public property; yuu aro tho sovereign ; from yuu our rulers de rive their puwer nnd office their inlluencu and public existence. ii" n repurl ol the secretary ot tne 1 rca stiry there will bo a surplus of THIRTY MILLIONS OF DOLLARS, and from the sales of public lauds, and tho amount of duties constantly accumulating, it is rea onablo to suppose that no less a surplus sum will be annually found in llie national treasury. I ho question lor you to decide is an Im portant one to public liborty and to your own interests what is lo be done with thin surplus revenue? If it is said that the u- tnount ut revenue should bo reduced to meet tho mere expenses of government, the ans wer will be thai such reduction cannot bu mado without altering tho tariff and de stroying that protection which la due to thu manufacturing enterprise and capital of thu country ; and, oven after the tariff is redu ced gradually, the increase uf trade and commerce will continue to pour its fruitd into thu national treasury. We must, therefore, continue to be u rich nation even should it be ngninsi our wishes. WHAT ro BE DONE WITH THE SUR PLUS REVENUE? Leave it m lho treasury to be used in a manner unknown to tho people and against their wishes ? You will answer, A'o. Lot it go on accu. mulating year after year, until one hundred millions are at tho disposal ol rulers, fatal, wu may tav, to the very existence of our republic? Yuu will tay, A'u. Fritter it awuy in appropriations and projects expert imcnlal und futile? Again you will say. JVu. Givo it to the deposite banks to tiso fur private purposes, the profits of which to go into the pockets of presidents, cashiers, directors and stockholder!? You will say. jYo. What then should ho done with thu surplus revenue? Divide it among the Stales of the Union in proportion to their representation in Longrcss. Divide it bv aw, pru ral't placo it at thu disposal of the Legislatures ol lho States for specific objects, such as intern il improvements, rail roads, canals, turnpikes, and bridges, su that tha farmers may have a prompt and cheap conveyance for their produce lo mar ket ; ulso, for the promotion if education among the people a sound practical ciluca- turn, calculated lu mow honest, intelligent and patriotic citizens. It is impiissble tu limit the beneficial ob jects to winch the surplus revenue may bo applied in the several stutes. Geologi cal surveys explorations fur coal, iron, cop per, led, tin, golu and silver improvements in tho mechanic arts premiums tur greut inventions in short, the farmer, the me- chanic. and the merchant, ull will be bones titled by the judicious application of Lin -surplus lo useful and benevolent objects. It will be over llie whole Union, like tho dew of heaven, nourishing and mvigora-. ting nil that is connected with industry. intelligence, patriotism, comioit aud Imppi. ness- nared to shew what amount each stuto wil WJ ...... ukiiiuuiiun uui taftu .lu York fur au example: It there is thj millions of surplus in tho Treasury, I our population is one sixth of thu wl Uniun, the portion to Sew lork will 'IT A r I V IJ II in this city 500,000 annually. uo then to llie smallest slotcs see thou in llie annual receipt nl Irum liO tu JOU, 000 dollars per annum fur similar objects. The equitable distribution of this surplus revenue, ard its correct and beneficial ap plication, will havo u greater tendency to cement and strengthen our chain of Uinun than any other imaginable project. It is no party question it is fur the whole peo plo of thu country tu decide. It is their property. It i not required for the nation- til in, mrn nn.nl1 It il i.t r tlutl inn .,ll 1....... ' h .. ,wu,,.. ..in uvuu lit the pour. Its accumulation will only swell lho gains of tho rich. Let the peo ple then meet in their villages, towns and cities, and instruct their representatives m Congress lo provide by law for thu dislribu Hon ot this surplus. Let tlio press of tins country take up the subject, discuss il, look tit it in every possible light, and como to just conclusions. It is an immensely important project, worthy immediate action and attention; and we shall cuiilinue to ex amine the question in all its bearun's. Gen. IlAnmsuN has been already nomi nated for tho Presidency by Legislatures, Stato Conventions or other lar"u and re speciahle bodies of citizens in tho" following States : fa Pennsylvania, Kentucky, Ohio, Indiana, New York, Illinois, und Delaware. Vermont. Mdrylaud. Connecticut, Rhode Island and New Jcisey will soon tuke the field, with an imposing array of strength. A State Con vention meets in Connecticut in May. Thu tide of public sentiment is rising raoidly in nil directions in favour of Harrison and Granger. Tho patent danitcrats of tho day tire filled with trepidation and alarm fur the fate of tho Federal Dandy of Kinder hook. It is extremely doubtful, to say tho least, whether Van Buren getsavom south of Mason and Dixon's Line. Political prognosticators may amuse themselves, at thoi' leisure. The People are rising in their btrenglh. State Journal. " "STOP MY PAPER!" Of all the silly, shortsighted, ridiculous American phrases this, as it is frequently used, is tho most idle nnd unmeaning. Wu are called an infant notion, and truly wo often individually conduct ourselves liku children. Wo have n certain class of sub scribers who take the Mirror and profess to liko its contents till, by-and by au opin ion meets their view with which they do not agree. What do thoy, then, in their sogacity? Turn to their nearest compan ion with a passing comment upon tho error they think they havo detected? or direct a brief communication to the editors, beggm-r lo dissent therefrom in th0 samo pages whure tho urticlc which displeased them has uppearod? No. Get into a passion, and for all wo know, tlamp and swear, and in. stantty, before the foam hss time lo cool on