Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, May 20, 1836, Page 1

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated May 20, 1836 Page 1
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NOT THE GLORY OF CfESAU; BUT THE WELFARE OF ROME. BY H. B.STACY. FRIDAY, MAY 20, 1836. VOL. IX No. 612. From the Boston Pearl. THE FEAR OF THE BURIAL, "lbs wont pang or death is the burial. L. E. L It 1 not that we (brink from death, From nalure'i general doom It ii our horror of the grave, Our terror of the tomb. Our dread of that dark dwelling-place, That fills us with despair. And wakes each nerve to agony, Which all who bieathe muit bear, T ii not the deep, dissolving pang To struggling nature known ; Eidurance calmly meets the strife Of agony alone : But 't is that deep nnd thrilling diead The f-lteiing und the firm Alike have fell, which shrinks from dust, Corruption and the worm, T is this that haunts our infant years, Inherent with our breath, The parent of a thousand fears T is not the fear or death ; T is this that makes ihe bitterness Of many a parting hour, And triumphs over better hopes With deep and deadly power. I 're bowed beside my infant's bed, And watched his struggling breath, And known that each convulsive gasp Might terminate in death : 1 've seen around the livid lip The ghastly whiteness steal, And in thai horn of anguish fell As mothers only feci. Was it n selfish sorrow swayed Resistless in my breast 1 Did I forget that God was good, And Heaven n bnme of rest 1 I know not ifl ever thought There was 11 Heaven above, Or that a God was reigning theie, And that that God was love. But on that idol infant form Which I no rooro should see, I thought how soon the icy worm A reveller, would be ; And in a horror unrevcaled, An agony unknown, I felt, alas ! I could not yield Corruption what 1 her oten. It is. alas ! the dust we loic, The dust to which we cling, The dust fur which we sorrow when The spirit plumes her wing ; A ad that from width the feeble shrink, The firm affecl In brave, Is not the fear ofdeath ; it is The terror of the grate. REBECCA. MRS. REMANS. If any Untie were wanting to convince mankind of lite exaltation and power of the mind or woman, the productions of finely talented females, now breathing Ihe finr trains of pure and elevated poetry, and now pouring forth tlio ennobling sentiments of philosophy, both in title country and uurope, would be sufficient. The lowering genius uf Madame de Stael, walking in cloudless maje6ly like the moon abovo the planets; the pure lustre of Mrs. llemans shining with the pure radiance ufthc morning star; the soft scintillations of Miss Lsndon, like the first sweet rsy of evening, arc specimens of what woman is in the fatherland while the rose-likcbeauty of MrF.Stgouriicy ; the evergreen foliage of Mrs. Hale; the summer avory iragrince ot mrs. inuu ; me my loveliness of Hannah Gould, and the wild flower sweetness of Miss Sedgwick, arc sc lections from the flowers of this western wilderness, and evidences of what the "daughters of Columbia" may bee me. The true home of woman is in her own house : it is there that she shines with pecu liar loveliness, thero is the proper sphero of usefulness, and there are the objects which havu the strongest claims upon her regard. We wish never to see her climb ing I hp nigged acclivities of public life, with Bosdicea at the head nl her army, or with Catherine upon the throne of slate ; nor would we have her, like Charluilo Corday or (he Maid of Orleans, periling her repu tation and life in popular insurrections and political feuds. Her abodo is in the valley amonir the flowers of the garden and the sweets of domestic life not on the hilltop, and surrounded by strife and debate and the clashing of amor. She' can never, with consistency, appear in the forum of the pul pit, in the senate, or at the polls btill, without disparagement of hor sexual cha racter, or infringement upon those hallowed feelings, which the delicacy and loveliness of her nature have cast around her, she may devote her leisure to the pallet and the pen, and send forth Ihe emanations of her soul to enlighten and to bless. Wo take up the writings of no fomale, whose sentiment! come to us with a holier freshness or a more classic purity than the poems of Mrs. Hemans. She is endeared to our recollections by somo of the finest trains of sentimental poetry in the Ian. guige; effusions which must ever continue to please, as long as fine feeling and correct taste shall be found. She has won to her. self a name and a praise in the whole earth, wherever the waters of the mighty deep shall waft an English heart, there will the ones of 'England's Dead,' the 'Sound of the r.." nrl the 'Voice of Spring' bo heard. But her fame is not alone the property of her native land; it belongs equany to me wooda of America, whoso wilds will long continue to echo the lay or the Pilgrim Fathers;' a lyric which has seldom been surpassed, either in ths adaptions of its ideas, or Ihe spirit of its construction. 1 he production of this piece, with Iho delicacy, dignity, and moral beauty of her wholo po ems, liavo secured her a place in every vir tuous nd patriotic licart, which can only be obliterated with its list throb. There it t loftireii of sentiment, and a puro lono of morality pervading all her productions, and their frequent porusa! must inevitably in norm the heart to deeds of nobility and virtue, aud to eoflen it with feelings ol sweetness and tenderness. Her genius is lyric, and her poetry that of sentiment. There is a melancholy sweetness hovering over Iho scene which shrt pictures to her heart; a softened radiance Ilka that of mellow moonlight falling upon groves and majestic ruine. All the better and richer leclings of tlio mind and oftho imagination are brought into play ; wc arc soothed, de lighted, elevated, enraptured. The images of the beautiful pictures which she presents, dwell upon the mind ; the words and tones or music, which her eweet harp has awaken ed, rest upon the ear; wc continue to see and to hear, and to feel, till our senses are called away to the enjoyment of new beau tics, and our hearts dclightod with fresh images. THE MASSACRE OF THE JANIZARIES. The following is from a very interesting work row in press, by the author of" Ship and Shore," entitled "A Visit to Constantinople." The present feeble and distracted condi tion of the Turkish Empire has not result ed, as many have been led to suppose, from the sudden destruction of the Janizaries. Had that body retained the patriotism and vigor which once animated and nerved them, their absence might truly be deplored by every honest Osmanlie. But they had ceased to possess these commendable attri butes ; they had become insolent and re fractory a terror to the throne, and to the hearth of the quiet citizen. Yet there was an unsparing precipitancy in their fate, that must awaken sentiments of cammieseratiun. Nor can we help feeling a bewildering re spect for the daring spirit that flashed thro' their despair. They had long stood the firm refuge and defence oftho Empire ; they had impress ed the terror of their arms upon the dynas ties of Christendom ; they had won a thou sand victories, and as often dictated the conditions of peace; they had displaced viziers, disposed sultans, and set aside the pashas oftho provinces at will ; they had recently consigned Selim to a bloody shroud, and given the present monarch to understand, that he owed his inviolability to the simple fact of his being the last of the Othman line of an age sufficient to reign. Occupying this position, and sus tained by these proud recollections, they were naturally intolerant of any innova tions, that infringed upon their priviligcs or diminished their consideration. Mahmoud saw clearly that he must raise the quick hand of ruin against them, while ho had the power, or submit to become the passive instrument of their caprice. He preferred his own life and independence to their domineering sway ; and planned their de struction with a truo Maclnavclen policy. lie thinned their ranks by sending tliein, in small detachments, into the Morea expe ditiona in which they were intentionally unsupported, and from which they never returned. To the remainder he addressed himself in a different form. To the avari cious, ho proffered gold ; to the ambitious, preferment ; to the refractory, he gave the bowstring; till, by these well adapted do vices, the commandcr-in chief, and a num ber of the master spirits of the order, were brought firmly into his interests. The' fctva for the organization of a new and dis tinct army, now made its appearance ; and produced the expected result. The Jani zarics instantly roso against it, denouncing the spirit of its provisions, and demanding the heads ot those who had counselled their sovereign to this disrespectful act ; and threatening, in the event of its not being immediately rescinded, to force the gate of the seraglio. But Mahmoud was prepared for this alarming issue. The forces which he had been secretly collecting in anticipation of this event, now surrrounded tho Etmedian, in which the Janizarica were assembled. An order for tho death of the insurgents, under the sanction of Ihe Ulema, was is sued ; the standard of the prophet unfurled from the dome of the imperial mosque, and all faithful Musslemen called upon to sup port its sacred cause against the violence of impiety and treason. The Jannizaries soon saw that their condition was hopeless, their mistake irretrievable : yet they de termined not to disgrace the memory of their fathers by any relenting tears, or un availing supplications. They forced their way over1 many of their dead companions to their barracks, where they shut them selves up, sternlv resolved to abide the terrible issue. From this retreat they could not be forced ; nnd at evening orders were given to fire their last refuge. The burning pile sent up its fitful flashes through the long night ; and the next sun dawned upon a mouldering mass of embers, bones, and blood ! Those who had escaped the tumult and carnsgo of the Etmedian, were hunted down in every section, street, onu alley of the city. They wero betrayed, overwhelmed, cut to pieces; and their man gled bodies cast into the Bosphorus, till that mighty current became literally cnoaKeo with the dead. Thus perished in a day one of the most formidable orders of men known to this, or any other age, they numbered at the time ol their massacre (July, laso; au.uuu. their achievements are interwoven with tho highest splendour of the Ottoman name. Their watch fires were kindled from the mountains of Asia to (lit centre of Europe; and their war song seems still to echo from every torrent and steep. Their chivalric valor, their unshrinking hardihood, and contempt of death, will long disturb Ihe sober pen ot History, anu lurnisu iiiumua around which tho spirit of pootry will hov er and catch tho romance of its wildest flights. THE WHITE INDIANS. It is a fact, perhaps, not generally known, that there does exist in the far west, at least two small tribes or bands of whito peo pie. Onoofthese bandits called .luw keyt, They reside in Mexico, on the south west side of tho Kockv Mountains, and be tween three and five hundred miles from Santa Fe, towards California ; and in a valley which makes a deep notch into the mountain surrounded by high and impassa bio ridges, and which can only be entered by a narrow pass from tho south west. They aro represented by trappers and hunt ers of the west known to the writer of this to be men of veracity to be innocent, inoffensive people, living by agriculture, and raising great numbers of horses and mules, both of which aro used by them for food. They cultivate maize, pumpkins and beans, in large quantities. These people arc frequently depredated upon by their more warlike red neighbors, to which they submit without resorting to deadly weapons to repel the aggressors. Not far distant from the Mawkeys, and in the same range of country, is another band of the same description, called JYabbe hoes. A description of either of these tribes will answer for both. They have been de scribed to the writer by two men in whore veracity tho fullest confidence may be placed : and the) say the men are of the common stature, with light blue eyes, and their skin is of the most delicious) white ness. One of my informants who saw seven of these people at Santa Fe in 1831, in describing the Mawkeys, says, "they are as much whiter than me as I am whiter than the darkest Indian in tho Creek na tion," and my informant was of as good a complexion at men generally arc. A trapper on one occasion, in a wander ing excursion, arrived at a village of the Mawkces. He was armed with a rifle, a pair of belt pistols, knife and tomahawk ; all of which were new to them and appear ed to excite their wonder and surprise. Af tcr conversing some time by signs, he fired one of his pistols ; instantly the whole group around him fell to the earth in the utmost consternation ; they entreated him not to hurl them, and showed in various ways that they thought him a superior nat ural being. He saw vast numbers of liora es and mules about the village. Query. May not these people be a rem nant of those who inhabited this country prior to the present race of Indians ? the traces of whose fortifications and cultiva ted fields and gardens are still to be seen throughout the whole western country. The Camanchet. Tho following letter has been addressed to the government, by a person long resident among theso Indians, and competent to form accurate opinions : "Fur the last five years I have had in tercourse with the Camanchc Indians and their allies. They inhabit tho country from 34 deg North on Red Rivor to tho Rio del Norte, extending to the road that leads Irom at. Louis, Wo. to Santa Fe, South to the head waters of Trinity, Gaudaloupc, Brazos, and Colorado rivers of Texas. A country in length six hundred miles, ond breadth Irom 250 to 400 miles, mostly prairie. The different tribes arc Camnn- dies, Kyawas, T.iwush, or Southern Paw nees, Caddocs, Wacoes, and Skiddita. They number about 35 thousand in all, and can muster from seven to eight thousand restless warriors. In this great western prairie, fruo as the Buffalo themselves, they acknowledge no superior. Depredating upon the Mexicans of the interior States, ravaging anu burning their towns, murder ing their people, sometimes taking prison ors, which they either torture to death or make Waves of, carrying off immenso herds of mules and hotscs, naturally prompts these wandering hordes to look upon them selves as the most powerful of nations which opinion the visit ol sick and exhaust ed troop? among them was far from re moving. 1 left their country on the 5th of December last. I hey had then torn up the Treaty made by our Commissioners, and said they had no treaty with us, and those that had contracted had no right to treat. They wore theottt war with the people of Texas, and had two American boys (Texlans) prisoners. They also ex hibited rittes ot American make, while they said the owners they had killed. "It isdesirabio to mako a lasting Treaty with those people ; they liavo from time to lime murdered more than fifty of our peo pie on the Santa Fe road and frontier of Arkansas, and as that frontier appears to be tho place (and i hope a permanent home) for our peaceful Indians, it is desirable on their account alono that we should have a good understanding with theso Land Pi ralet of the great prairies. The way to effect this object in my opinion is to send a mission without an armed force, (for these people are jealous of troops.) Some one who knows them, who has hunted tho Buf falo and the Wild Horse with them, who has undergone fatiguo and suffering in those wild and fearless hunts and sports. Such a person always attracts tho atten tion of those wild children of the prairie and they will bo apt to believe what he tells them. Let him hold a council and invite them to our country, thoy will come; and the wonders thev will behold will con vincc them that wc are powerful and great, They will go home in despair, at compara tive littleness, and they will tell their peo ple that they have seen more men in one of pale face's villages, than grass on the prairies, and leaves on tho trees, and they will believe." CURIOUS RELIC OF BENEDICK ARNOLD. Soon after Arnold, the traitor, joined the British army, the war of the revolution terminated and ho sailed for England. He lived there in ignominious obscurity many years, but finally removed to St. Johns, in New-Brunswick. He carried on the traf fic to the West Indies there, aud became quite an extensive trader. But he was universally despised, and respectable people generally shunned him. He lived in opu lence, but even that would not have secur ed his introduction into any respectable circle, had it not been for the exemplary character and fino accomplishments of Mrs Arnold. While residing at St, Johns, an cxteniivo warehouse of his, filled with un saleable merchandise, was destroyed by fire. The insurance offico suspected foul play and refused to redeem the policy. A law suit followed, and during its progress, the people wero in a high slate of exasper ation, but no cvidenco was adduced of guilt, although it was believed ho was knowing to the incendiary. An original letter written by Mrs. Arnold during tho trial, to a lady then resident there, but now in Northampton, is in our possession. In relation to her husband's trial, she says, "the general acts for himself. In my opin ion this is all I can say for him." After tho trial was over and Arnold acquitted, ho was hung in effigy olmost in front of his own house, and during this lime, copies of tho following curious handbill were dis tributed among the populace. We pre serve its typography exactly. The Last SPEECH and CONFESSION or JUDAS, Who was Executed at the Public Market Place, in the City of St. Johns (New Brunswick) on the 27th of August, 1791. I WAS born in America, about the year 1736 of reputable parents, my father was a Cobbler and intended me for the same profession, but my restless disposition rendered me unfit for any employment during his lifetime Af ter his death I became a quack Doctor, but want oi skiii and stability soon reduced me. And having enjoyed the sweets of imnris. onmcnt for a reasonable time, I commenced on the laudable calling of a horse jockey, n L . : r l-i r . iii uiu wiyBiuriL-B ui wnicn i soon necame so great a proficient that with a hogshead of New England rum. and a half a dozon old watches, I could purchase a cargo of norscs ai any time; and irom a knowledge that jockeying was as necessary and profit able at a sale as at a puicbasc, I occasion ally visited the West Indies, where from the generosity so natural to settlers in 6omo of the Islands, and the ignorance of others, I found them an easy prey; and by forming contracts tor barrels ol Hour, that I had the address to assert as flour barrels, 1 oecamo possessed ot considerable proper ty: but the old adago that ill gotten gains are not lasting, was verified in me, as on the eve of the American struggle, I found mysell again reduced to penury. A great field now opened, I assumed the character of a Patriot and Iherc'jy imposed on the unsuspecting General Washington: and as some acts of desperation from a want of genuine courage, were necessary to es- isonsii a tavorabie opinion, 1 exerted niv self to the utmost to confirm it, by commit ting me most unncara ot cruelties, such as burning vessels, loaded with wounded men, &c, as well as imprisoning, torturing. and hanging the Loyalists indiscriminately, wnerehy every jealousy ol my want of fi delity was removed, and I was entrusted wit h commands accordingly. Treason and avarice being tho basis of in v composition. l embraced the lust otter, and sold myself with an engagement to sacrifice the Army under my command, for a sum l ti at prom ised to insure me happiness. I succeeded but in part, and obtained tho promised re ward, with the tin reasons bio deduction cf 3d. sterling from each dollar. Accom plished in Villainy, I had the impudence to solicit and the address to obtain a British commission, and consequent commands, when I commuted acts thai 1 blush to re peat, my conduct of late years is too no torious to need a repetition, A gracious King, and a generous nation, have re warded my Treason with competency, bat I find and feel, alls ! too lalo, that they detest the Traitor. O Gentlemen, as there seems to be a great number of you collected together to sec my awful execution, take my advice, and do not aa I liavo done: In tho year 1787, 1 was in London and saw that the Police Office was open and I thought to make something considerable of them : I bought an old brig, and insured her fur three times the value, and when I came to St Johns, I run her on the flats back of the town, where she was totally lost and I re covered the Cash for her. Next thing 1 struck at, was to build a large and elegant store and imported a general assortment ol goods, the greatest pari of them unsaleable, such as stills &c. and all the goods I could not dispose ol i sent to this etoro, which was insured for ten thousand pounds ster ling. A few days aftor I contrived to set it on fire at low water, so that the Engines could not be sufficiently supplied my point being accomplished, 1 obtained the insur ance Now I beg of all you thai have children, nol to let them go astray as I have mine. I sold a gentleman a quantity of rum, anu wiine no was gone on board to ship it, I was busily employed in filling the Hhda. with water. Friends I have done, I cannot forgive my enemies, and iho Lord have mercy on my Body for in Souls I have, no belief. rm BENEDICK ARNOLD. MARK Arnold was a cripple from a wound re ceived in his fool at tho surrender of Bur guoync. The above shoo represents the one ho was accustomed to wear. From the Germantown Telegraph. LABOR-SAVING MACHINES. An important subject to farmers, is that of labor-saving implements and machines. There is no great advantage in these which is generally overlooked. By enabling the farmer to despatch his business, his work is more completely under his control, and he is enabled to guard against loss or damage which might bo the consequence of more protracted operations. Thus for instance, in using the horso rake, he is not only en abled to accomplish tho same work with one quarter of tho expense he would other wiio have to employ ; but by enabling him to perform it bo much more expeditiously, no ton lane aurantage oi iho weather, and have many acres of hay upon the ground without tho danger of having it spoiled by rain t as tho speed with which he may col lect it in with a horse rake, enables him to anticipate tho approach or wet wcathor. Thus, independently of the immediate a mount of labor it saves, it prevents tho troublesome operation of drying wet hav. after it has once become fit fur the mow or stack. Again by tho use of the planting or drilling machine, one man is enabled to do tho work of several ; this is ono means of saving; but in addition to this, it very often happens that a crop may be planted with it during a Tavorabie scaBon,and while the ground is in the best possible condition; while without it, the work might be pro traded till the ground is unfit by heavy rams ; and a Joss ot many bushels to the acre sometimes arises from crops being planted out ofseasnn. A vast amount ol labor might be saved by employing a moderate share of thought and contrivance in constructing or procur- ng, and arranging, somo ot the simpler and more common kinds of labor saving machinery. Threshing midlines have be come very common, and many arc connect ed with a portable horse poAver, which may be separated from the machine and applied to other purposes. This may be easily, and it sometimes is, attached to a circular saw, (tho cost of which is comparatively small, and the expensive and laborous operation of sawing wood by hand is rendered expe pitious and easy. It may also, with a little contrivance, be made to work a straw cut ting machine, a turnip and potato sheer, a corn shelter and other similar machines. which ere commonly worked by hand ; and this may be frequently done while it is dri ving a threshing machine, or perlorming other work. We have known a fanning mill to be connected with it, and worked by it ; the threshing machine being situated on a floor above, so that tho wheal fell di rectly from it into the hopper of the fanning mill, and passed out ready for market. We liavo also heard of a pair of burr-stones placed in a barn, which could be driven by the power of a threshing machine, and used for grinding food for domestic animals. By a little attention and thinking, number less conveniences may bo devised. Im provements of this kind should not howev er, be adopted, until calculation has proved that from the amount of labor they will bo required lo pcrfoim, the ultimate saving will more than counterbalance me itntne diate cost. DIRECTIONS For sowing Ihe teed and raisins Ihe plants of the trhxle Italian Mulber.'i Tree. I. To sow an ounce of Beed, prepare a bed 50 feet long and 4 feet broad. Ala nure it well with a compost composod of 1.3d stable manure, l-3d ashes, and l-3d decomposed leaves from tho woods, or garden mould : dig deep, pulverise finely. and then lay the bed off in drills 13 inches apart, 1-4 or 1 .3 of an inch deep ; sow the seed as thick as your onion or parsnips ; cover with rich mould, press tho mould down gently, but sufficiently to causo the seed to come into contact with tho earth : and should tho weather be dry waler the seed bed every other evening ; it will assist in promoting tho germination af the seod and vigorous growth of the plant. 3. Keep the beds clean of weeds; and give an occasoinal watering with suds or soot and water, say once a week after they aro up. 3. The second year, if not removed be fore, the plants must be removed into the nursery rows which must be prepared as for any other crop. The rogged roots being taken off and the tap root shorten. ed, the plants must be planted out 12 inch es apart in rows three feel apart, the earth to be .well trodden around the plant. As before, the earth must bo kept open and free from weeds. 4. At two years old. the plants may be planted out into hedges, at 13 inches opart in rows six feel wide. The ground should bo prepared as before directed, and some good rich mould put into tho holes, to be pressed around the plant. If inten ded to be planted out as standard trees, 20 feet square opart would be a good distance, but in that case the plants should nol be transplanted until they are about an inch in diameter. In either caso tlmy will re quire trimming and tapping, and if kept as hedges, should be treated as other hedges aro. Jlr. Whitmarsh informs us that there aro but comparatively few large establish ments in France or Italy, for the raising of Cocoons or growth ol Mulberry trees. Tho whole business, in its incipient stages, is conducted by individual farmers. The road sides are lined with these trees Groves arc found every where and so scarce is the raw silk in t ranee, that the manufacturers were rejoiced lo learn its growth was about tu be commenced in America. Information of every kind, which wo have the promise or from Mr. Whitmarsh, was given wnh the great est cheerfulness by the silk growers and manufacturers. The business is systema tized a great deal. Some raise the leaves and sell them to others who feed the worms. Purchasing tho Coeoons is another branch oftho bnsmess and reeling the Silk is still a fourth department. Very littlo silk is manufactured in France, except at Lyons and two or three other large towns. Thcro tho beautiful silk stuffi we import arc made by looms scattered among individuals all over the city. Mr. Whilmarsh purchased in Franco.nearly UO.OOO Chinese Mulberry trees, most of which have arrived in town and will bo need for the great Silk Compa ny here. He bought all tho need ho could find there also. A letter from Hon. Geo. Uronnol, member of Congress, to Dr. Stebbins bays, in answer to an inquiry made, thai "tho Silks imported into this country during the year 1033, mnountcd to sixteen millions, four hundred and ninety- seven inousann Hollars I What an item Northampton Courier. Tho Stlfc Mania if tho present oxtcn c tn,Z incrcnsit: interest on the subject or Mulberry trees and raising Cocoons can bo called by such a name is spreading for and wido ovor tho whole of this country. Letters aro continually received in town from the remotest sections of tho Union, asking for information about the business nnu UKsiring to purchase cuttings and sect No new department of btisinrm. n,.rhn Ims ovcr been started in this country under more nattering auspices, than tho Silk business. It is founded on 6uch rational premises and can bo reduced tdTibch sim ple demonstration, that Hi.crdulity hardly finds a "loop to hang a ho'po upon." It is within the reach ol all. It will yield its fruits to every ono who engages in it. Of course, il is not presumed that every IndU vidual will immediately have plantations. The beauty of it is, that its adaptation to moons will enable every man to begin with a faw trees and gradually enlarge his num ber, or at once embark extensively in their growth and begin the second yesr to feed worm? and furnish cocoons. What farmer or mechanic is there who has even a small homestead, but what can find wasto spots and unoccupied places, about his premises, upon which to raise tome trees? Silk in Vehmont Mr. Asa Fletcher, of Orwell, says in the Silk Cullurist, that ho finds no more difficulty in raising the white mulberry, than in raising applo trees. Ho fed a few worms last year with perfect success, and with no knowlcdgo respecting their management, except what he had gained from tho Silk Culturist. A gentleman in Shorcham fed about 100,000 worms last year. It is easy for farmers to try the experiment. An ounce of seed, or a few young trees of tho white mulberry. win cost but little; and tho procuring of them, certainly may lead to valuable re sults. Rev. Dr. Wood of Bascawen, N. H., a town certainly not more favorablo to the business than Windsor has made from a single tree, fur twenty five years in succes sion, a large supply of silk for use in his family, besides several dollars worth annu ally for sale. His worms have not deteri orated ; and he is satisfied from this long and ample experiment, that the business may bs made useful and profitable in this climate. Vermont Farmer. The following anecdote of Damei. Weu step, is related in the New York Sun. In nn iinnnrtnnt par, in pnnrt. n Pnlcp ivitnnc? nnnnnrnri nnnlncl Itta pliant. Tint llin rliflt. culty was to prove him false. Webster (nought beet to gel rid ot in in ailogctncr. IVImrnfcirn wlnlp thp follnur u'Aa ll'flllinrr to be called upon Ihe 6land, the couuscllor fixed upon him those large dark eyes of his, which from beneath their awful brows, nronn ivnll rnlptilnfpit In dinnl tprrnr intn the suul of guilt. The false witness at tirst began tu be uneasy. He cast down his eyes to avoid tho sight of Webster. Itut hr fair nr onninort I n tliit tltn lor. riblo eyes of the latter were still upon him. Ho turned his head asido ; but it would nnt Hn. Prpspntlt- hp hprr.m In prtrrn lift n - u o- step or two; then a step or two more; until ue unany nisappeareu ifi loio, anu lor wani of his evidence the cause went against tho party thai suborned him. Adequate Punishment. A gentleman, who, a few years ago, resided some time at Grand Cairo, has described the punishment of bakers and butchers in thai city. That which was intlictcdon bakers whoso bread was deficient in weight, wa9 extremely severe. For the first offence, the overseer of the baker (who is the examiner and iho only person who tries them) immediately orders the delinquent to bo bastinadoed For the second offence, ho is more severely punished in thesamo manner; and fur tlio third, without any other process than tho above mentioned officei's order, ho is put into his own oven when hot, where ho is suffered to perish ; which punishment, the gentleman adds, he saw executed. Tho punishment for butchers who aro detected in selling meat cither too long kept, or deficient in weight, is no less ex traordinary, though not so cruel. A butch, cr in the neighborhood whuro tho relator of theso facts resided, was detected by tho examining officer of being guilty of selling bad meat, and (as in tho baker's case, with, oul any other lorm of trial than the order of the oflicjr,) he was immediately nailed by ono of his ears to the post of his own door; his nofe pierced: and ono end of a wiro nbnut C inches long fastened to it, at tbo other end of which a piece ot his bad meat was fixed. In this situation he was kept for nearly 4 hours. Early lliting. It cannot bo denied that early rising is conducive both to Ihe health of the body & tho improvement of the mind. It was a;l observation of Swift, that ho never knew any man como to grenlneia nnd eminence who lay in bed of a morning Though the observation of an individual is not received as a universal maxim, it U certain that some of the most eminent characters which ever existed, accustom ed themselves to eorly rising. It seems also, that people in general rose earlier in former limes than now. In tho fourteenth century the shops in Paris wero open nt four in the morning; at present a shop keeper U scarcely awake nt seven. Tho King of Franco dined nt eight in the morn, ing, and retired to his bed-chamber at the sama hour in tho evening. During tho reign of Henry VIII. fashionable pooplo in England breakfasted at seven in the morning, and dined ot ten in the fore, noun. In Elizabeth's time, tho iiubil lily, gentry, and sludouts, dined at eleven in the lorcnoon, and supped between fire and six m the tucrnoon.

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