Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, July 15, 1836, Page 1

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated July 15, 1836 Page 1
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ill wuviiw&tmx NOT THE GLORY OP CrtJSA n ; n u t t ii'e w e l a ntf o f it o m e'. r m BY U.K. STACY. From I lie London Metropolitan, for May. A GOVERNESsS WANTED. II MRS. A It D V . "Our Governess lefi ns, dear In other, Lust nlglu, in n strange fii oT !pie. Will you kindly reck mil fur iiiwiIpt ! Wpwiimi her i l.uesi nexi week : But I'll nitr von h few plain credentials, The hntgain uiih spent 10 rompleie ; Take n pen just set ilnwn ihe essentials, And begin ui llie lop of 1I10 vlieel ! Willi easy nnd modest derision, She ever mini iiiuvp. art, nnd speak, Bhe must understand I'renrh wild precision, Italian, nnd Lmin, nnd Greek ; SIip mnsi pl.iy the pi.ino divinely, Exrel ml llip h.iip mid llie lute, DoHllsor's nf MPHillHunik finely, And nuke feather-Aimers, and wax-fruit. Pile mint answer nil (pieries ditectly, And .ill scienres well understand, Pninl in oil', skenh fi- 'in n.iiuip rorrerilv, And m iip (Jerinsn text, nnd plmi i-li.ui'l ; She iii"i sin iih power, suenre, .ind sweetness, Yet fur rimrptiti must nut sigh 'it nil, She inu.-i dime with eihen.il rleeiness, Yel never mum go to 11 lull. She must not havo needy relations, Her dress must lie i.isicfut, jel plain, Her discourse must abound in fjnoijliun, Her memory nil d ne mint ip .tin ; She mini pmiH 0111 e n il .neb n 's rlnef he oilier, She iiinsi manage doll natnies withrkill, Her plea-nre 1111HI lie in her limit', She imisi never lie itcrvo 13 ot ill ! If die wrilP csivs, odes, themes, nnd sonnets, Ypi lie not pedmtirk or perl, If she wear iioiip hot deep cottage bonnets, Ifehedeeiri il hijlli 11 p:iiii 10 flirt, If to mildness she mill sen-e und spirit, Engage her ill nine without for, I love 10 ren'.ird honest merit, And I give forty guinc.ii n-je.ir !" "I ncrepl, my good siiter, your mission, To-innrimv, inv seairli I'll begin, In nil ciri'les, in eiery rondiliun, I'll strive such 11 iieisuic 10 win, And 5 el after veins of pioli.ition, My ejes on'llie wonder rhonld rest, I'll engage her without hesitation, Dul nut on the teiins you suggest. Of n bride I hive ne'er made selection, For my h.irhelor ihniights would s I ill dwell On an obj-et so neiir to perleciion, Thin I blushed liulfmy fancies to tell, Now ihis list 1I1.1I wm kindly have granted, I'll ipiote nnd refer in through life. Rtitjtint blot 0111' A Governess iV-mled,' And head il wiih' Wanted 11 Wife I' " TO DAY AND TO-MORROW. To-day, man liics in pleasure, wpahh an I pride, TO'tnoiiow, iioor, of life iuelf denied. To day, lays plana of in my je.ns 111 come, To-morrow, sinks into the silent tomb. To-day, Ilia food in dressed in dainty forms, To-imiirnAi, is himself a fe.m furwoims. To-d.iy be'ii c'rnl in gaudy, rich array, To-morrow, shinud-d for a bed of clay. To-day, enjoys bin halls, built In his mind, To morrow, in 11 coflin is confinrd. To-dav, he floats on bourn's tufty wayp, To-morrow, leaves his titles for n grave. To-day, his beauteous visage we extol, To-morrow, loathsome in the sight of all. To-day, be has delusive dream of heaven, To-morrow, pries, 'too late to be fnigiven.' To-day, be lives in hopes as light as air, To-morron,dies in anguish and despair. EARLY IMPRESSIONS. One great source of erroneous imprcs sione. on all subjects is the power of influ ence exerted in early life, nnd which are sometimes so strong as utterly to tun ilen ance to all arcuiumit. Every one 1 ob served the porinnncncy of these impres-, tions of early hie. A 6ufficte it allowance is not mado for this by opposite parties in a religious con troversy. If one genera inn takes sideB nn any question, they inevitably en(ai the quarrel. Their children have scarcely the opportunity of judging. The laws ol the human mind almost coinpci I hem to fuel a their fathers fell ; for it becomes in such cases a matter of feeling rather than optu ion. No one, therefore, ought ever to cherish-a harsh or unkind thought towards anv one, on account of his religious error:!, if his father ledthn way. The influence of early associations has more power than all other causes put to gether in the formation of religinus opinions. The children of Mahometans become Ma hometans themselves, without arguments in favor of the Prophet; and in the Chris tian world, religious opinions are hereditary, and pass down with exceptions compara. lively few and rare, from father to son ; ro thai Popery, and Protestantism. Episcopa cy. Dissent, and Presbyterian, llapust and Methodist opinions occupy, in the main, the 6me ground. from generation In generation. It is true, indeed, thai argument has some thing to do with this, lor though every faith has its defenders, to which all have accecs, still each child lien is chiefly the voice ol the one winch Us .father chooses for it. But, notwithstanding this, every intelligent observer of the human mind, and especially of the habm and nn-cepubililie of child hood, will at mice admit, that othor influ enccs than those ot' argument are the elli cient ones, in the production of these almost univer.-nl effects. Let no one infer from these undeniable facts, that men arc not accounublu fur the exerciec of their reason 111 retpect to their relations to God. They am accountable. The fact that ineii lollow'on so blindly after their parents in tins, more than in ar.y other case, is an indication 61 the cold in difference of the human heart to its religious dutv. Parents cannot control their clnl dren's opinions and preferences, on other points, so completely ; and they could not here., wero not tho heart so cold, so indif ferent, ?o benumbed in respect to God. When the conscience is aroused, these chains are immediately broken, and the soul noes free to think for it6elf, and to throw away its shackles forever. It may escape slowly from their thraldom, but escape, it will, if nny ronl pcnilcncc nnd ifanyrca love to God can find n place in I he heart. So 1 hat whnl i? justly to bo inferred from tlieso views, is not that mon who are in error, are innocent, but t lint they ore mi inure pnilty than those who bclirvo tin; truth, nnd yet live in pin. A thiitianil children, growing up without Got!, ore nil L'nilly for thti living in disobedience to his will : but if thpy do tints live, IIip question ol'lheir rrlirrmus belief ts not of much con spquenco a-i an intiiration of their' real cha racier. Tliotr belief is almost n mnltor of mere acRidiMil ; fo that, ns to I heir chatac lert, it make? no great diffi;rcnce who is rifjljt and wlm ia wronj; in theory. Their Ctiilt consists in their impenitence, which U comtnnn to them all. nut in their errors, in which, from accidental circumstances, each may differ from llm rest. When wo look nrntind therefore upon eocif'ly. wn slvdild make one grpal disitnc lion in intimating liumnn clinrncter, anil that is, between timet: who love God anil llinsi! who love li m not j and wo mut ro mimb-r that from the very fact that the latter dans do not love duty, they will make no linii"ft effort thc,inclveti to Ifarn whit it is. They all drink in whatever is offered to them in childhood. S'uue are rioht nnd some ore wrong; but, as we have eeeu, ac cident has been more iiHtriiuienlnl in do ciding in each s.io nnd unti(llinei! is the common, foiindni ion on wmeli all stand. Induce them in abnndon mo. and to return to God. in any reepi-cl, nnd their eves vi ill he opened. Aet up n the heart first, and the intellect will reclily itself afterward : tlinugh it will be by steps too hesitating and slow for our iinnatiencu to tolerate, unless we have considered more allentivply than most persons have, the extreme and almost unconquerable reluctance with which iIip power of early associations relin quishes its hold. The first source of religion error then, is these associations of early childhood, which reasoning never formed, and which she is utterly incompetent to overthrow. Jlbb'ilt'i ' Corner Stone.' From the 'Young lloiher,' by Dr. Alcott. CRYING. 'Crying.' says Dr. Dewe9, 'should be looked upon as an exercise of much impor tance;' aud he is sustained in this view by many eminent medical writers. But people generally think otherwise. Nothing is more common than tho idea that to cry is unbecoming; and children are every where taught when they suffer pain to btave il out, and not cry. Such a direc tion, to say nothing of its tendency to en courage hypocrisy, is wholly tinphilosoph teal. The following anecdote may serve in part to illustrate my inclining. It is said to have been related by Dr. Rush. A gentleman in South Carolina was about lo undergo a very painful surgical operation. lie had imbibed the idea that il was beneath the dignity of a man ever to do or fay any thing expressive of pain, lo therefore refused to submit to the usual precaution of securing the hands and feet by bandages, declaring to his surgeon that he had nothing to fear from his being tin tied, for he would not move a muscle of his b.nl v- He kept his word it is true; but he died instantly after the operation, from ap oplexy. There is very little doubt in tho mind of any physiologist, in regard to the cause ol apoplexy in this case; and that it might have been prevented by the relief which is always afforded by groans and tears. Il is, I believe very generally known, that in thc-profonndest grief, people do not. and cntiiioi shed tears; nnd that when the latter begin to flow, it affords immediate relief. I do not mean to argue from this that cryui" is so important either to viiuntr or old. that it is ever worth while lo excite or enntin no it by artificial means; or I hat a habit of crying so easily and readily acquired by Ihe young, is not lo bo guarded against as a.serious evil. tMy object was first to show the folly of those who denounce all crying, nnd secondly lo point out some of its ad vantages, in tho hupeof preventins parents from going to tiiat extreme which burders upon stoicism. Out; mI 1 lie most intelligent nien I ever knew, frequently made 11 his boast that he neither laughed nor cried 011 any occasion; and on being ti Id that both laughing and crying were physiologically useful, only ridiculed the sentiment. Crying is 11-eful to very younp; infants, because 11 favors the passage of blond in their lungs, where It had not been nccus. tinned to travel, and where its million is now indispensable. And it not only pro moles the circulation ot the blood but ex pands the air-cells of the lungs, ami thus helps forward that great change by which the dark colored impure bloud of I he veins is changed at once into pure blond, and thus rendered fit to nourish the system and to sustain life. But this is not all. Crying strengthens the lungs themselves. It does this by ex pandtiig the little air-cells of which I have just t-poken, and accustoms them lo be Mretchrd at a period, of all others the moat favorable for this purpose, and frees them at the same lime from mucus and other in jurious accumulations. i hey therefore who oppose an infant's crying know not what they do. So far is il from being hurifui to the child, that its recurrence 13. ns wo have alicady seen, positively iis fnl. Seme practitioners of medicine, 111 some ofthe mure trying situa lions in which nature can be placed, en courage their patients to suffer tears to flow as n means of relief. Infants it should be recollected have no other language by which to express their wants and feelings than sighs and tears. Crying is not always an expression of pos itive pain; il sometimes indicates hunger and thirst and sometimes a change of pos ture. This last consideration deserves nreat attention, and all tho inconveniences of crying ought to bo borne cheerfully for FRIDAY, the sake of having tho little sufil-rcr remind us when nature demands a channe ofnosi lion. No child ought lo be permitted to remain in 0110 position lonror than two hour?, even whiln sleeping; nor one half mat time while awake j and if nurses and mothers will nve'look this matter os they often do, it is a favorable circumstance that the child remind them of it. Crying has been called the 'wnste gale' of the human systom; I lie doorof escape to that excess of excitability which sometimes prevails especially among children and nervous adults. To all such persons it is iicamiy ; most iintlnuhteilly so : nor do I know that its occasional recurrence is inju rious to any adult; a fastidious public sen timent to the contrary noi wulisinnding. Causti of Consumption, A late number ot llio Moral Ilctonner concludes on excel lent article on the causes of consumption, with the following receipt for inking tho uisr-nse : Receipt If on individual is born with a feeble constitution, it is an cosv method to obtain the consumption by the age of 30. if lie will attend to tho billowing rules : bet the person while very young bn kepi always in hot rooms. Lot htm frequent hall rooms, theatres, Sic. and go out of them in tho middle of the night, thinly clad and without nny additional clothing. Let much time bn spent 111 confinement, either at Inline or at school rooms on bad btats and bad air. Let the mind be tasked early Let him ut six or eight years ol age become a prodigy for knowledge Instead of sim ple water for urink and milk and good veg 'tables for food, give linn as eoon as you can get it down his throat, lea. coffee and other exciting drinks, and the moi-t stimu lating and high seasoned food. Take care to excite his mind if you can. by emulation, ambition nnd other kindred motives and his body and mind both by unholy passions and lead him to destroy his vital foice by vicious and iiuiiattirnl indulgences. Take caie to have htm sleep both in winter and summer on hot feather bcds: and if these are not quite sufficient to destroy him take effective or poisonous medicines lor every trifling aliment. From the Genesee Fanner. BRIEF HINTS FOR SUMMER WORK Cornfields should be kept entirely free Irom weeds, trom the tune the corn is up, till the plants become so large as to cover the whole fiirfnce of the ground. It will h" best for the crop, and cheapest for the farmer, to keep alientl of tho weeds. In hoeing, it should be hilled as little as pos sible. To keep the soil loose at the surface at the same lime lo preserve the surfnee level, and to avoid injuring I he roots of corn, tho cullnatnr only should bo used, nnd not plough- In heav sftils, the more finely and completely pulverised the surface is kept, the better. Potatoes, us well as corn, should be hil led very little; they should bo very broad and flat. Wheat fields should have tho rye, chess and ceckle, picked from them. Rye is easily seen as soon as the heads appear; and cockle while it is in flower. Mustard is aNn most easily seen while in fluwer, and -liould then be extirpated. Crops ot" mangel wnrlzel and ruta baga. while young, must be kepi entirely clear from wecds.nr they will be greatly injured. .Much more depends on this than is gener ally supposed. In thinning those crops, where tho plants have come up too thickly to stand, the dts tancc from plant lo plant should bo about one font, but viryin! according to tho fer tility ofthe soil, a rich soil requiring great distance. Crops of turnips in gardens mav bn eff e lually saved from tho ravages nf the fly. bv confining a hen upon them thai has young chickens. The chickens will suffer none to e-cape. When garden plants are watered, it should always be done in the evening. Cabbage and other plants, may be safely transplant'?!! in any weather or time of day by immersing the roots in mud made from rich mil the moment they aro taken from the ground fu which they aro set, if suffi ciently moist at the time. It is best to take up as much of the soil with tho roots as possible. Fruit trees should have the turf and all weeds kept clear from the soil a few feel aboul them. In young trees, and especial ly those newly transplanted, this is of the grealeit consequence; in older ones it is not so neces'tt'y, although very uselul. Trees heavily loaded, should havo the fruit thinned upon the branches, or else it will be small and of inferior flavor. The quality of fruit of fine varieties, often do pends on this operation. Branches nf pear trees which aro attock 1 ed by fire blight should be cut off immedi ately at some distance below the affected pari (say I wo or three feel) and burned. Where 1 he whole treo is affected, it must be cut up, and burned. This is the only way to prevent its spreading. In ordi.r lo have fruit of good quality. t should be permitted lo become fully ripe This is generally greatly neglected, especial ly 111 case of cherries, whose excellence is wholly dependant on tlioroiif h rinenimr. Some cherries are generally gathered when iney are considered npe.wuen iriell on the tree they would nearly douhfo their size and improve exceedingly in flivnr. l-ultle. und horses should have a con slant supply of good water particularly if worKing. oalivation in horses, tlimiuh not satisfac torily accounted for appears to bocaused in a great uegree uy juicy pasture; hence in

mosl cases, it is easily cured bv a balinc of hay or oats, or by turning tho horso to ury pastuie, such as one newly stocked uuwu wiiii iimoiuy. SlVEET Appi.ph. Wn hnvn frpnonnl in quiries, as nursery men, for trees of sweet , ...i,:...,. r 1 1 ..1 ,-i. ajjuu?,iu uumvuiu lur iiuauiiu uiuui Diuin JMJLiY 15, 183(5: , ni though none but swlt o'nplc' were 'fit for that purpose. This tfpintfln nrisinatra from a misapprehension ot thl.qifijhtjf! s of the opolc. In I he first nla'coflirjnifVrilive property ofthe npplo consists prindpnJtf in Ihn saccharine matter whiqh it cuntatrfs; Tins is determined bv thrLimPcifio rrravilv of its juice the hcovfer Ibis, the more sac channe mailer it cnriTains. m Now t lie heaviest juico is found in acid' as well os sweet apples. Tho ocid i supcrkfded to the sweet. In tho second placop sWir-ap pies are as grateful to tho stomachy and so they are to the stomach of our farm stock. br sweet apples are. nnd a mixture is nt least desirable. Sweet apples alunu soon clog the stomach. A friend related to us a few days ogo, that he last year turned his hogs into his orchard to oat the falling fruit: t lint the orchard being largo the hogs worn able to consume only u part nf the npplc; that ho several tunes went into the orchard to ascertain which they pre ferred, the sweet or Knur ; thai he uniform ly found that they selected from both, nnd that they rejected as many of tho swoot as ofthe t-onr. Hence sour apples aro as nu tritious, nnd ns palatable, lo man and beast as pwcet apples, and ought to bo os exten sively used. Cultivator. HEET SUGAR. Some individuals aro endeavoring to in 1 rnduc tho eiiliuie of the sugar bnl into this country, anil a porron well qualified, has been bent to France, from Philadelphia, in order to piocuro liilbrmation in regard to the manufacture of the sugar. Those who aro best acquainted with tho rise and pro gress of tho manufacture in Franco, are sanguine of the success of the undertaking. Lands arc stated to have risen greatly in France, in consequence of tho increase of this manufacture, which is found so profita ble Unit tho Government has recently con coircd the project of putting an excise up-j on it. If this business is found so profita ble in France, it cannot fail to be success-' ful in this country, and if so, it will ccr tainly produce a great change in the value of New England farms, and consequently the prosperity ofthe sea ports. Experience has shown that the cultivation of sugar in Louisiana in favorable seasons, has been more profitable than even cotton growing, but the cano is thorn subject to untimely frosts, which cut off the crop, thus render ing the business somewhat precarious, tho' still il is now found very profitable. Now if sugar can bo extracted to advantage from any species of the beet there is an abund ance of land in New England, belter suited to the cultivation of this root than to that of any other. Besides, our climate is more fnvorablo to root culture than to any other When ive connect with these facts, another winch is unequivocally stated, that the pulpof tho beet, nfier the surrar is extract ed. forms an abundant and uutricious food lor cattle, and also an excellent manure: nnd that its cultivation need not interfere with the keeping of the dairy, or the pro pagation of stock : wo cannoi but look up on the success of this new undertokiiir ns of vast imporiance to this section of the country. It' found as is positively asserted, a prohtnule business in France, it cannot fail to be so in Now England, and will af ford us a new and profitable agricultural staple, which may bo cultivated more safe ly und certainly than any olhor ; placed as it is almost beyond the contingency of being affected by unfavorable seasons. TunMPS. It has been hinted to us by ono who knows, that it is an excellent practice, to (-caller in at Ibe last corn line ing, a little turnip seed. Ihe expense is trifling, and n good crop of turnips may be realized inereoy. rariicmariy should Hits be done the present year, as corn has come up so poorly. When the corn conies up well nnd grows luxuriantly, the crop of turnips will necessarily bo light, but if the corn be thin or of small growth, it will be good, if the soil be favorable. Our infer mailt states, that he raised 300 bushels one year in this way, without any trouble, or expense, save that of gathering. This subject is wnrili attention. Yankee Far. Table Covers The Shakers of Lob anon, N. II. ore engaged 111 I ho manufac ture of an arlielo lor table covers which ro sembles oil-cloth, bin has many advantages over 11, inasmuch ns it is perfectly pliable, and will double as readily as linen cloth. Il is made of common sheeting, pai.ited Willi gum elastic and other ingreeienls, in a very tasteful manner, with borders of gar . lands, wreaths and vines, presenting on iiinq'! and very handsome appearance. Times. Ifashins Day. The new method of washing saves considerable labor : the fol lowing method is approved ond practised in our own family. Take 2 or 3 ounces ofSub-carbonate of Soda, put it into 4 pails of soft water: when hoi, put in your white clothes, having first wet and carefully soaped them. Boil them one hour; take them out and pound llieni in a barrel, or otherwise rub to the samo amount ; rinse them in 3 or four waters: and you will find your clothes well washed. Hot rinse water's are belter than cold ; either will do. The rinso water answers well for washing flannel's and colored clothes. Collars and wristbands may need a little rubbing nfier boiling, if quiiu dirty. The abuvc method tavos llie greatot psrl ofthe hard rubbing, and the hard work of wantiing. It is nut necessary to be parncu lar about tho quanl ily of Soda used, 2 or 4 oiipcos to 4 pails of water will do. The larger quantity is belter. JS". . Obs. Rice Family Dheah. Tho following letter from a lady, will teach the housowives ol our country now to add lo the comfort of home; "1 have been trying experiment with rice flour, and I have produced a bread that is unrivalled, far suporior to the receipts you have. Sinco 1 g it it perfect, I have sent somo samples to every one I could 1 think of. Il is the best bread I cvar lasted, ,and I don't think it morn expensive thin wheat bread, for tho rice flour goes so much fnrthcr than thsamo weight offbeat flour. I mtrlto it thus: one quart of ricefl ilir made into a si iff nnrf bv wnltintr it With warm Water, not so hot as. lo miko it lump; when, well wet. auiljioilina Avater, as imuch as two or three qmlrts; TiVjt conMBuolly until it boils ; then add ortfepint of milk ; when cool enough to' avoid scalding I In; yeast, add half a pint of good.yeasl, and as much wheat flour as will make it of a prp per consisioncy for bread j put it to rtso; w1ieri sjfficioiilly risen, it will be necessary to ailit'a little moro wheal fl mr. If baked Inn soft, the loaves will be hollow. The first I baked wero mere shells. If you can abbreviate tho receipt for me, jou may ; but if you do not give rrllahis information. P"ople will not succeed il making it good. The samo mixture, rather thinner, baked in muffin rings, makes the bost muffins I evnr lasted. I forgot to say the bread must stand half an hour or morn in n warm place, nfier it is put in tho baking pans, and it will riso again almost as much as it did at first." Concord Frcem tn. The Cut-Worm We regrot to learn thai tho cut worm has discovered a keen relish for tho Chinese Mulberry, tho super ior quality of which makes its introduce m so desirable to our silk urowein. The Northampton Courier says they oat off the shoots ol the young trees just at tho sur f.irv of llm o.ir li- Soni ami nshes arc pro ventatives. Kanlur.kel In'. Political Honesty. Tho Boston Reform er, a Van Buron paper, thus speaks of Ihe Vice President's votoon tho Gag Law bill : "The Bill is without a question uncon stitutional, if not absolutely unconstitution al as to the letter, assuredly so as to the spirit. The Federal government has the sole right to regulate the Post Office, but the bill surrenders that right, virtually to the Slates. Henceforth, there will bo nn uniformity. Tho character of publications which may be transmitted through tho mail becomes a matter of censorship, and the freedom ofthe press is virtually destroyed. A principle is adopted which if the Slates act upon il will entirely destroy tho Post Office department, as a department ofthe National government. But we did not intend lo discuss the mer its ofthe Bill. We wish lo put it out of our mind. We aro not willing to think of it. It is ton painful to witness tho depar ture of men in whom wo have placed con fidence, from tho great principles of liberty and equality which they are sworn to do fend. We aro humbled in our own estima tion as men, as Americans, when we think ol it. And what is worse than all, when on the passage of the Bill to be engrossed, the Senate being equally divided, the Vic President, bv his vote, decided th Senate in favor of tho Bill. Had ftlr Van Buren been a Southern man, we could havo palli ated his huso dereliction from republic in ism and (lie constitution; but a Northern imn as ho is., professedly at the head ofthe Democracy nflhe country, and calling upon tho Democracy to raiso him to the Prgsi dentinl chair, we are without language to express the pain his vote hns given us We are mortified that a Northern man should so basely siicconib to Southern pro jmlice and Southern bravado; pained in deed aro wo that a distinguished Statesman should so far forget lh constitution of his country, and coiintennnco a measure so ruinous in its principle 10 all freo insiitu tions; a-linmed that a puliltcnl a -pirant tn the highest office in the gift of a free peo ple, should deem il possible i(1 jjnin im office by an act which that people inn-lbe deeply buried in corruption indeed, not lo resent in terms of the severest rebukc- Amnngst tho business in the Senate, yrsterduy.ivas the discus'itui and iinaoiuiiuis adoption of tho report ol'lho Committee on Foreign Relation on the subject ofthe recognition of the independence of Texas. The sentiment expressed by this vnt of the Scnalo is in Hihsiance this, and 110 moro. viz. that the United Slates will, in regard to Texas act up m tho principle es tablished by the action of this Government in all cases of civil war among foreign People. That is. it will recognise the ac tual Government, whenever il is satisfied of its being entitled to the character of an independent Power; and it will readily re cognise the independence of Texas when it shall be made apparent that it is an inde- pensJeuce in lact as well as in name. Ail Intelligencer. Melancholy Suicide.-Dt. Roberts of Man chester, Vermont, commuted suicide on Sunday last, by shooting himself through the body. Tho circumstances, as wo learn them from a man who saw Dr. Roberts after ho had shot himself, and before ho expired, aro as follows : Dr. Roberts hav ing finished his studies al Ihe Castlelon Medical Institution, went to Natchez, Mis stssippi, to practice in his profession, where he succeeded beyond his expectations for somo time. Becoming entangled in 0 love affair, or in other words, being disappointed, il was soon discovered that ho labored tin der mental alienation of mind. When his state became known, liis father, win re sides in Manchester, was sent for, and im mediately went to Natchez nnd brought his son home. Removing him from t' o i-cnno of his ill started fortune, seem d f 1 r a tin to restore his mind to sanity; und ho cnui menced practising in Manchester. List Sabbath morning whilo tho family wero preparing to attend church ho talked nf going with them; but before they wero ready they wero suddenly alarmed by tho report of a guu in the house. Upon search being made, ho was found in tho garret weltering in his blood. He hod fixed a nail in tho ond of a stick, by which, having placed the muzzle ofthe gun against his side lie discharged it. The ball with which the gun was charged passed through his body. Tho reason that ho gave for the iiorrld illod just befbrn lie expiree was tluV he wa coionrrasHeu 111 111s pecuniary Tniaire. 11 was about 9 t?clnck in t lie mornlif when hoslffit liimjolf, and he ejVired about 4 in the afternoon. Lantinburgh Oasettt "JDirk Diy" in Riilon. Yesterday af ternoon, for two, or thrce hours, tho atmos phere exhibited quite an unusual appear ance. It was not so dark, indeed, as on "tho dark day," so called, in May, 1730; but a part of tho time tho hue was Very similar to tho appearance on that day. Tho atmosphere, yesterday, was, of yellow, or very pam red, especially when looking from tho windows from within the house: and resembled somewhat the appearance of tho sky twenty fivo or thirty minutes after 6un set, in cloudy or foggy weather. In going out into tho tiehl or etroot, tho nppearanco was not so much inclined to the yellow or orange j but the gruss on the Common had a deeper shndo ol green than usual. Tho air is no doubt filled with smoke, from extonsivo fires In the woods of New Hamp shire or Maine. This was found to havo been tho cniuo of tho darkness in 1780, which was then succeeded by on appear ance much like that of yesterday. Boston Gas. July 2d Bunker Hill Monument. A writer for the Silern Landmark suggests ihe fol lowing plan fur completing that edifice: "I propose al uich celebration in Now Eng land, on ho approiching niitdversary, when llio usual toast is given 'to the heroes of Bunker Hill,' that a plate should bo handed round after it is drank in pure sparkling spring water, and lhat collections bo made for the monument which stands on lhi hill, and that all bo incited to contribute to it. but in no instance, over one dollar. The sums so collected to bo transmitted by the President!) of tho day to the President of the Bunker Hill Monument Association, in Boston, who will acknowledge the sums in his paper. Thus shall we know that wo aro the worthy descendants of tho noble hand who dared lo resist tho tyrants, and who are worthy of the liberty which was bequeathed lo them by their fathers, and even by themselves, over a degrading and debasing appetite." French Hay. Many of our readers, at last, will be surprised to leatn that Hay from Franco has boon imported into this country. A cargo lately arrived al Char leston, (S C ) and sold for $l 62 per hun dred. A cargi of American Hay. winch arrived about the same tune, from Port land. (Mo.) sold for g-2 per bundled. Fre. donia Courier. Pillage Slatittics of JImtpelier.G. W. Barker. 13-n as commissioner for the Vil lage Corporal ion, lias made out a census t the population, trades and professions, &.C which will serve as a convenient Di rectory. Thu only omission wo notice is the naino of John T. Miller, carpenter and joiner ; too good a workman, by the way, 10 ue overlooked. 1 he population ot the village. June I, l(t:tG, is slated as follows t 233 families, 20i persons under 5 years of ogo, 203 between 5 and 10, 34! between 10 and 20, between 20 and 30, 3111 between 30 ami 50, 91 between 50 and 70, 7 between 70 and 100. 1713 Total population of thu Village. The Plll-hllr.rh ft.17. lto iiiionnnena lli arrival at that place of the family C3tml nont, uon. liumnn, on tier way to ljinl lo county Illinois, ab jut S3 miles south of Chicago. The boat, which is sixty three feet long and cloven feet wide, was built in Dauphin county. Pa., near Harrishorcrh and was brought over the mountains on the Rail Road. She conveys two tamilics with tneir iuriiuure, urming utensils, &c. Mr Gilpin, an Engineer of Philadelphia, has submitted to the City Council, a plan for tho construe! ion nf a tunnel under the Schuylkill rivi-r. opposite to the city. He estimates the cost of tunnel al I2G',500. Hot water is nf great efficacy in remov ing P3 in occasioned by crushing the finger, lor instance, in hastily shutting a drawer or door. It also prevents the nail from turning black. Ciiince Religion. There are in Chins, 1500 temples consecrated to Confucius. At these churches uro sacrificed yearly, 5,000 sheep 5,000 goatb 27,000 rabbitu and 27,000 hogs. There aro used in these temples more than 27,000 pieces of richest silks. An Engli-hinan hasjust erected, on the river Theiss, in Hungary, a mill in the form af a colossal man the head being the dwelling house, the eyes the windows the nose the chimney, and tho machinery in the body, driven by a stream of water in a canal, in the form of an immense, botllo emptying into his mouth. Tho fashionable damsels in Philadelphia wear their drosses so tight about their fihmt!lltrS. IllHl tlinu nra nMirrnil In iintinnt litem tu Biieezr,--so says I ho Wheeling 1 lines. Extract of a Inner from tho receiver of piibl.e iiPmipj ot Fort Wayne. Indiana, to tho poslmas'or nt Lnwrencebtirgh: 'I am receiving frirn j$i0,000 to g25,O0O per day, nnd hivobeen for the last thirty days in my offico as a receiver of public monies. I am worn out attending to it. J! 500,000 has been received einco the 7th of March last And it is said that the eastern folks havo only begun to come. I believe thai this offico will take $1,500,000 during the vear." Tho Hancock Bunk and Franklin Rant- al South Boston have been added by thn Secretary ofthe Treasury to the number Ol UL-pOSIlO UI1I1KS in LSOSlOl).