Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, August 12, 1836, Page 1

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated August 12, 1836 Page 1
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NOT THE GLORY OF CiESAItJ UUT THE WELFA11E OF R O WE. BY H. B. STACY. FRIDAY, AUGUST 12, 1836 VOL. X No. 477. From llie New Englan I Farmer. DR. CAUSTIC'S DELECTABLE, The Eunice of Beauty alias a long ofsimilies tomewhat tuptr-sublimated. My Tabitha Towier is f.iir, No Guinea-pig ever was nealcr ; Like n hacmeiac, slender and spare, And sweet as a mu.k-rjt, or tweeter. My TubiilnTowier is sleek, When dieted in her pielty new tucker, As an oiler p.iddlcs die creek in quest of a bull-pout or sucker. Her forehead, ns smooth as a tray, Would decorate Venus' poll, And lurn' a body nuy say, Like a delicate neat wooden bawl. To what shall t liken her hair, As straight as a carpenter's line,. For similes sure must bo rare, When describing a nytnpli so divine. Not the head of a Nnzarile seer, 'That never was shaven nor shorn J Naught eqiuls the lock of my dear liut the silk of an ear of green corn. My dear has a beautiful nose, Willi a sled-runner ciouk in the middle, Which one would be le i to suppose Was meant for the head of a fiddle. MUs Tabby has two pretty eyes, Gl.i's buttons shone never si bright ; Their l ve I i" In - I lustre outvies The lighliiiug-biig's twinkle by night. Anil oft wiih a magical glance She makes in my bosom a pother, When leeiing a I title n.k.ince. SSlie bliuld one and winks with the other. The lips of my charmer are sweet As a jug full of maple molasses. And the rubicund lint of her cheek The gill of a salmoa sui passes. No teeth like hers ever were seen, Nor ever dcci ilieil in a novel ; Of a delicate kind of pea green, And shap'd like u wooden shod shovel. Her fine lililo ean you would judgo, Were wing of a bat in perfection ; A dollar I never should grudge, To put them in (J icen wood's collection. Description most fail in her chin, At lean till our language is i icher ; Much f.iiier ih in I idle ol'liu, Or beautiful brown einhein pitcher. So pretty a neck, I'll be bound, Never juin'd head and body together, Like a long, wry-neck'd pqit.ish on llie ground, Well ripen'd by sun-shining weather. Should I speak of her gait and her air, Aly simile r-liould be llie Miongesl ; On ihree locomotives my fur Seems lo wjddle the middle one longest. Should I blazon the rest of her charms, I might, by some phr.iR that's impioper, Give .Modesty's bosom alarms, Which I wouldn't do for a copper. She sings like a syren, her voice Ti'.msporis a man oul of his senses ; A pig will make jul pi. i ll a noise, When his hind leg stuck fast in the fence is. THE FIRST AND THE LST DINNER, fin the well-wrought and highly interesting cum position that we hcic condense from the London Magazine, a coi respondent gives a valuable and striking lesson. ThoiMunds who might pus heed lessly over a sober essay designed to inculcate the enme reflections, will hive ihem trreiisnbly unpres ed o.i their niin Is by such a picture as is here spread beforn lliem. Its m m afll'ding display, and darkest sh ides, in ly all he found in the realities of life. Masonic Record. Twelve mends, much abiiit the same ace, and fixed bv their pursuit, their fatni ly connexions and other local interests, as permanent inhabitants of the metropolis, a creed one day when thev were drinking their wine at the Star and Garter at Rich mond, to institute an annual dinner among themselves, under the following regula tions: That they should dine, alternately, at each other's houses on the first and last day of the year ; that the first buttle nt wine uncorked at the first dinner should he re corked and put away ; to be drunk by him who should be the last of their nutn ber ; that they should never admit a new member ; that when one died, eleven should meet, and when another died, ten should meet, and so on, and that, when only one remained, he should, on those two days, dine by himself.and sit the usual hours at his solitary table; but the first time he ao dined alone, lest it should bn the only one. he should then uncork the first bottle, and, in the first glass, drink to the memory of all who were gone. There wassomething original and whim sical in the idea, and it was eagerly embra ccd. They were all in llto prime of life, closely attached by reciprocal friendship, fond of social enjoyments, and looked fur- ward to their future meetings wan unauny cd anticipations of pleasure. The only thought, indeed, that could have darkened thoso anticipations, was one not very likely to intrude itself at litis moment that of the hopeless wight who was destinod to uncork the first bomo at ins lonety repast It was hitrh summer when this frolick como&ct was entered into : and as their pleasure yacht skimmed along the dark bo som of the Thames, on their return to Lon' don, thoy talked of nothing but their first and last feasts of ensuing years. uieir imaginations ran riot with a thousand gay predictions of ('estiva morrimunt. They wantoned in conjectures of what changes time would operale ; joked each oilier upon their oppcaranco when they should meet some hobbling upon crutches aftar a severe fit of llie gout-others poking about with purblind eyes, which even spectacles could hardly enable to distinguish the alderman's walk in a haunch of venison some with portly round bellies and tidy little brown wige, and others decently dressed out in a new suit of mourning, for the death of a great-grand daughter or a greet. grand son. ' As for you, George,' exclaimed one of the twelve, addressing his brother in law, 'I expect I shall see yoa as dry, withered, and shrunken as an old eel-skin, you mere outside of a maul' and he accompanied the words with a hearty slap on the shoulder. George Fortcscue was leaning carelessly over t he side of the yacht, laughing the loudest of any, at the conversation which had been carried on. The sudden manual salutation of his brother in law threw him off his balance, and in a moment he was overboard. They heard the heavy splash of his fall, before they could be said to have seen him fall. Tho yacht was proceeding swiftly along bat it was instantly stopped. The tiimost consternation now prevailed. It was nearly dark, but Fortcscue was known lo bo an excellent swimmer, and, startling as the accident was, they felt cer tain he would regain the vessel. J hoy could not see him. They listened. They heard the sound of his hands and feet. They hailed him. An answer was return ed, but in a faint gurgling voice, and the exclamation 'Oh God!' struck upon their cars. In an instant, two or three, who were expert swimmers, plunged into the river, and swam towards the spot whence the exclamation had proceeded. One of them was within an arm's length of Fortcs cue he saw him he was struggling and buffeting the water; before he could be reached he went down, and his distracted friend beheld the eddying circles of the wave just over the spot where ho had sunk. He dived after him, and touched tho bottom but the tide must have drifted the body onwards, fur it could not be found ! They proceeded to ono of the nearest s'.a lions where drags were kept, and, having procured the necessary apparatus, thev re turned lo the fatal spot. After the lapse of above an hour, they succeeded in raising tho lifeless body of their lost friend. All the usual remedies were employed for re storing suspended animation, but in vain ; and they now pursued the remainder of their course lu London, in mournful silence, with the corpse of him who had commenced the day of pleasure with them in the lul ness of health, of spirits, and of life ! Amid their severer grief, they could not but re fleet how soon one of the joyous twelve had slipped out of the little festive circle ! The muni lis rolled on, and cold Decent ber cam) with all its cheering round of kindly greetings and merry hospitalities ; and with it came a softened recollection of the fate of poor Portescuo; eleven of the twelve assembled on the last day of the year, and it was impossible not to feel their loss as they sal down to dinner. The very irrpu'ilnntv of ilia table, six on one side and only five on the other forced llie met ancholy event upon their memory. There aro tow sorrows so stiitioorn as to resist tho united influence of wine, a circle of select friend'', and a season ol prospec tivo gaiety. A decorous sigh or two, a few becoming ejaculations, and an instruc tive observation upon the uncertainty of Ine. made up the sum of tender posthumous 1 offerings to the remains of poor George Fortcscue.' as they proceeded to discharge (he more important duties for which they had met. By llie time the third glass ol chainpaigne had gone round, in addition lo sundry nutations of fine old hock, and 'cap ital mailcria,' Ihnv had coaled to discover any thing so very pathetic in the inequality ol the two sides ol the table, or so inelan anciwly in their crippled number of eleven Tin; rest of the evening passed off very pleasantly in conversation, good humored eniiiyim.'nt. and conviviality, and it wus not nil towards 12 o'clock that ' poor George Korie-eiKs w.i-4 again remembered 1 They all agreed, at purling, however, that I hey had never passed such a happy day, congratulated each other upon institu ting so delightful a meeting, and promised to be punctual to their appointment llie ensuing evening, when they were to cele brato the new year, whose entrance they hnd welcomed in bumpers of good claret, ns the watchman bawled 'past twelve o clock! beneath the window. They met accordingly, and Iheir gaiety was without any alloy or draw back, i: was only the first time of their a-semblinrr. after the death of 'poor Georgo Forlescue, that made the recollection of it painful: for, though but a few hours had intervened, they now took their Beats at the table as it eleven had been their original number, and as if all were there that had been ever ex pected to be there. It is thus in every thing. The first time a man er.tera a prison the first book an author writes the fitst painting an artist executes the first battle a general wins nay, the first time a rogue is hanged (for a rotten rope may provide a second per formance, even of that ceremony, with all its singleness of character) differ incon ceivably from their first repetition. Theru is a charm, a spell, a novelty, a freshness, a delight, inseparable from the first cxpe nonce, (hanging always excepted, be it rn membcred,) which no art or circumstance can impart to the second. And it is the same in all the darker traits of life. There is a degree of poignancy and anguish in the first assaults of sorrow, which is never found afterwards. In every case, it is simply that the first fine edge of our feel ings has been taken off, and that it can nev er bo restored. Several years had elapsed, and.our eleven friends kep't up their double Anniversaries, as they might aptly enough be called, with scarcely any perceptible change. Hut alas ! there came one dinner at last, which was darkened by a calamity they never expected to witness, for on that very day their friend, companion, brother almost, was hanged .' Yes! Stephen Rowland, Hie wit, the ora. clo, the life of their little circle, had, on the mornin! of that day, forfeited his life upon public scaffold, for having made one single stroke of his pen in a wrong place. In other words, a bill of exchange which pas sed info his hands for 700., passed out of it for 17007.'. ho having drawn the important little prefix to the hundreds, and the bill being payed at the banker's without exam ining the words of it. Tne lorgery was discovered brought home lo Rowland and though tho greatest interest was used to obtain a remission of the penalty, poor Stephen Rowland was hanged Every body pitied htm; and nobody could tell why he did it. Ho was not poor ; he was not a gambler ; he was not a speculator ; but phrenology settled it. Tho organ of ac quisitiveness was discovered in his head, af ter his execution, as largo as a pigeon's egg. tie could not help it. It would bo injustice lo the ten to say, that even wine, friendship, and a merry season, could dispel the gloom which per vaded this dinner. It was agreed before hand that they should not allude to the dig trcssing and melancholy theme : and hav ing interdicted the only thing which really occupied all their thoughts, the natural consequence was, that silent contemplation took the di.-mnl discourse; and they sep arated long before midnight. ' Some fifteen years had now glided away since the fate of poor Rowland, and the ten remained; but the stealing hand of Time had written sundry changes in most legible characters. Raven locks had become grizzled two or three heads had not as many locks altogether as may be reckoned in a walk of half a mile along the Regent's "Janal one was actual ly covered with a brown wig the crow's feet were visible in the corner of the eye good old port and warm madeira carried ii against hock, claret, and burgundy, and chainpaigne stews, hashes, and ragouts, grew into favour crusts were rarely called fur to relish the cheese after dinner con versation was less boisterous, and it turned chiefly upon politics and the stato of the lunds, or landed properly apologies were made for coming in thick shoes and warm stockings the doors and windows were more carclully provided with list and sand bags the fire more in request and a quiet game of whist filled up the hours that were wont to be devoted lo drinking, singing, and riotous merriment. Tho rubbers, a cup ol coffee, and at home by eleven o'clock, was the usual cry, when the fifth or sixth glass had gone round after the removal of the cloth. At parting, too, there was now a long ceremony in the hall, buttoning up great coats, tying on woollen comforters. fixing eilk handkerchiefs over the mouth and up to the cars, and grasping sturdy warning canes, to support unsteady lect Their fiftieth onnivcrsory came, and deal h had indeed been busy. One had been killed by the overturning of the mail, in which he had taken his place in order to be present at the dinner, having purchased an estate in Monmouthshire, and retired i hit her wilh his family. Another had un dergonc the terrific operation of the stone, and expired beneath tke knife the third had yielded up a broken spirit two years after the loss of an only surviving and be loved daughter a fourth was carried off in a few days by the cholera morbus a fifth had breathed his lasi (he very morning he obtained a judgement in his favor by the Lord Chancellor, which had cost him his last shilling nearly to gel, and which after a litigation of eighteen years, declared mm the rightful possessor of ten thousand a year ten minutes altcrwards he was no more. A sixth had perished bv the hand of a midnight assassin, who broke into his house for plunder, and sacrificed tho owner of it as ho grasped convulsively a bundle of Exchequer bills, which the robber wa drawing from beneath his pillow where he knew they were every night placed for bolter security. Four Ittile old men, of withered appear ance and decrcpid walk, with cracked voi ces, and dim, rayless eyes, sat down, by the mercy ol Heaven, as they themselves trem ulously declared) to celebrate for the fiftieth time the first day of the year ; to observe the frolic compact, which half a century before they had entered into at the Star and Garter at Richmond ! Eight were in their graves ! Yet they chirped cheerily over their glass, though they could scarcely carry it to their lips, if more than half full; and cracked their jokes, though they aril culated their words with difficulty, and heard each other with still greater diflicul ly. Tiiey mumbled, they chattered, they laughed, if a sort of strange wheezing might be called a laugh ; and when the wines sent their icy blood in warmer pulse through their veins they talked of their past as it were but a yesterday that had slipped by them and their fuluro as if it were a busy century that lay before them. They were just the number for a quiet rubber of whist ; and for three successive years they sat down to one. The fourth came and their rubber was played with an open dummy ; a fifth, and whist was no longer practicable ; two could play only at cribbage, and cribbagc was tho game. Hut it was little more Ihan the mockery of play. Their palsied hands could hardly hold, or their fading sight distinguish the cards, while iheir torpid faculties made them doze between each deal. At length came (he last dinner , and the survivor of the twelve upon whoso head four score and ten winters had showered their snow ate his solitary meal. Jt so chanced that it wai in his house and at his table they had celebrated the first. In his collar, too, had remained for eight and fifty years; the bottle they had uncorked, re corked and which ho was then to uncork again. It stood besido him. With a feeble and reluctant grasp lis took tho 'frail me morial' of a youthful vow, and for a moment memory was faithful to her office. She threw open the long vista of buried years, nnd his heart travullcd'lhrnugh them all. Their lusty and blithesome spring their bright and fervid summer, their ripe and temperale autumn their chill, but not too frozen winter. Ho saw as in a mirror, how ono by ono, tho laughing companions of that merry hour, at Richmond, had dropped into eternity. Ho felt all the lone liness of his condition, for he hnd eschewed I marriage, and in the veins of r.o living creature ran a drop of blood, whoso sources was in his own;) nnd as he drained the glass which he hnd filled, 'to the memory of those who were gone,' I ho tears slowly trickled down the furrows of his aged face. tie naa thus luihlled one part ot his vow, and prppnred himself lo discharge the oilier, by sitting the usual number of hours at his desolate table. With a heavy heart he resigned himself to the gloom of tils own thoughts a lethargic sleep stole over him his head fell upon his bosom confused images crowded into his mind no babbled to himscll--wog silent and when his servant entered the room alarmed by a noise which he heard, he found his master stretched upon a carpet at tho font of the easy chair, out of which he had siippou in nn apoplectic lit. tie never upoko again nor once opened his eyes, though tho vital spark was not extinct till the loliowing day. And this was the last DINNER ! WASHINGTON AND MADISON. We are happy in being oblo tu lay before our readers, so opportunely the following documents in anticipation of their appear-, ance among tho many very important and interesting historical papers never before published wilh which Mr. Sparks' most valuable worK abounds1. These papers show the extent of the agency of Mr. Mad ison, in the production of the Farewell Ad dress, which was written four years after the date of the draft here given, at which time it is known tho relations between Gen. Washington and Mr. Madison were materially changed. WASHINGTON'S FAREWELL AUDnESS. To the Editor of the Daily Advertiser : Sir, In several of the public journals, remarks have been made respecting the agency of Mr. Madison in preparing Wash inglon's Farewell Address, which havo a tendency to produce an erroneous impres sion. It has been said that this Address was originally drawn up by Mr. Madison, and that this draft, wilh very slight altera tion), was ultimately published. As the papers relating to this subject will be contained in one of the volumes of "Washington's Writings," there seems no impropriety in anticipating their appear ance in that publication, so far, at least, as to correct the mistake implied in the above statement. For that purpose, Gen. Wash ington's letter, and Mr. Madison's draft are herewith communicated. It will be perceived, that the letter was written towards the close of the first Pres ideirial term, beforo Washington had made up his mind to bo a candidate for another election; and also that he had held a pre vious conversation with Mr. Madison on the subject. LETTER TO MR. MADISON. 'Mount Vernon, May 20, 1779. "My deorsir, As there is a possibility, if not a probability I hat I shall not sec you on your return home ; or, if I should see you, it may be on the road, nnd under cir cumstances which may prevent my speak ing tu you on'lho subject we last conversed upon, 1 take liberty ofcommitting to paper the following thoughts and requests. "I have not been unmindful of the sen timents expressed by von in the converse lion just alluded to. On the contrary, I have again and again revolved them with thoughtful anxiety, but without being able lo dispose my mind to n longer continuation in the office I have now the honor to hold. 1 therefore still look forward to my fundest and most ardent wishes In spend the re mainder of my days which I cannot expect to be many, in case and tranquility. "Nothing but a conviction, that my de clining the chair of government if it should be the desire of the people to continue inc in it, would involve the country in serious disputes respecting the Chief Magistrate, and llie disagreeable consequences which might result therefrom in the floating and divided opinions which seem to prevail at present, could in anywise induce me to relinquish the determination I havo form ed ; and of this I do not sec how any evi dence can be obtained previous to the clec lion. My vanity, I nni sure, is not of that cast, as to allow mo to view tho subject in this light. "Under these impressions, then, permit me to reiterate the request I made to you at our last meeting, viz. to think of the proper time and the be.-t mode ofannoun cing the intention and that you would pre pare the latler. In revolving this subject myself, my judgment has always been em. barraseed. On the one hand, a previous declaration to retire, not only carries with it the appearance of vanity and self-importance, but it may bo construed into a ma nctuvrc to be invited to remain ; and on tho other hand, to say nothing, implies consent, or, ut any rate, would leave the matter in doubt ; and to decline aficrwards might be deemed as bad, and uncandid. "I would fain carry my request to you farther than is asked above, although vour compliance with it must add to your trouble. But as the recess may afford you leisure, end 1 flatter myself you havo dispositions to obligo me, I will, without apology, de sire, if the measure in itself should Etrihe you as proper, or likely to produce public good or private honor, that you wuulil turn your thought! to a Valedictory Address from me to the public, expressing in plain and modest terms, that having been lion nred with tho Presidential chair, and to the best of my abilities contributed to the or ganization and administration of tho gov eminent; that having arrived at a period of life, when tho private walks of it in the shades of retirement became necessary, and will be most pleasing to me; and tho spirit of the. government may render a ro' totion in the elective officers of it more congenial with their ideas of liberty and safety, that I lake my leave of them as a public man; and, in bidding them adieu, retaining no other concern than such as will arise from tervent wishes lor the pros pcrity of my country, I take the liberty at my departure from civil, as I formerly did at my miliiory exit, to invoke tho blessings of Providence upon it, and upon all those who are the supporters ot its interests, and the promoters' of harmony, order and good government. "That, to impress these thing, it might among other topics bo observed, that we arc all tho children ot the same country, a country great and rich in itself, capable and promising to bo as prosperous and hap. I py as any which the annnls ol history have ever brought to our view ; that our inter est, However diversified in local and smaller mailers, is the same in all the great and essential concerns of the nation; that the extent of our country, the diversity of our climate and soil, and the various produc tions of the states consequent of both, arc such as lo make one part not only conven ient, but perhaps indispensably necessary to the other part, and may render the whole, at no distant period, ono of tho most inde pendent (nations) in the world ; that the established government, being tho work of our own hands, with the seeds of amend ment cngrnfted in I he constitution, may by wisdom, good dispositions, and mutual al lowances, hided by experience, bring it as near to perfection as any human institution ever approximated, and therefore the only strife among us ought to be, who should be foremost in facilitating and finally acconi plishsuch great and desirable objects, by giv ing every possible support and cement to the Union ; that however necessary it may be to keep a watchful eye over public servants and public measures, yet there ought to be limits to it, for suspicions unfounded and jealousies too lively are irritating lo honest feelings, ond oftentimes are productive uf more evil than good. "To enumerate the various subjects, which might bo introduced into such an address, would require thought, and to mention them to you would be unnecessary, as your own imminent will comprehend all that will be proper. Whether to touch specifically any of the exceptionable parts ol the constitution may be doubled. All I shall add, therefore at present is, to beg the favor of you to consider ; First, the propriety of such an address; Secondly, if approved, the several matters which ought to be contained in it; Thirdly, the time it should appear ; that is, whether at the de claration ol my intention to withdraw trom the service of the public, or lo let it be the closing act of my administration, which will end with the next session of Congress; (he probability being that that body will continue sitting until March, when thu Hou-e of Representatives will also dissolve. "Though I do nut wish to hurry you, (the cose not pressing,) in llie execution of either of lite publications before mentioned, yet should 1 bo glad to hear from you gen erally nn both, and to rcceivo t hem in lime, if you should not come to Philadelphia be fore the session commences in the farm they are finally to lake. I beg leave also to draw your attention to such things as you shall conceive fil subjects fur communica tion on that occasion; and, noting them as they occur, that you would be so good as to furnish me with them in time to be pre pared, and engrafted with others fur the opening of the session. With very sincere and affectionate regard. I am ever yours, GEORGE WASHINGTON." At the time of receiving this lellter, Mr Madison was at his residence in Virginia. In compliance with thu request contained in it, ho drew up tiie following paper car ried it wilh him when he returned to Con gress, and gave it into the hands of the President. MR MADISON'S DRAFT. "The period which will close the ap pointment with which my fellow cilizens have honored me, being not very distant and the time actually arrived at which their thoughts must be designating the citizen, who is to ndminister the Execu tive Government of the United States dur ing the ensuing term, it may bo requi. site to a more distinct expression nf the public voice, that I should apprise such of my fellow citizens as may retain their par tiality towards me, that I am not to be numbered among those out of whom a choice is to be made. "I beg them to be assured, that the Resolution, which dictates this intimation, has not been taken without the strictest regard to the relation, which as a dutiful citizen, I bear to my country; and in with drawing that lender of my service, which silence in my situation might imply, I am not influenced by the smallest deficiency of zeal for its future interests, or of grata fill respect for its pnst kindness; but by the fullest persuasion, that such a step is com patible with both. "Tho impressions under which I entered on the present arduous trust, wore explain ed on the proper occasion. In discharge of this trust, I can only say that I contribu ted, towards tho organization and adminis tration of tho government, the best exertions of which a very falliblo judgment was capable. For any errors, which may have flowed from this source, I feel all the re gret which an onxiety for tho public good can excite; not without the doublo conso lation, however, arising from a conscious ness of their being involuntary, and an ex perience of the candor which will interpret them. "If there were any circumstances, which could give value to my inferior qualifica tions for the trust, these circuuistnnccs must have been temporary. In this light waB the undertaking viewed when I ven lured upon il. Ileing moreover Mill far ther advanced in the ileclinu ol life, I am every day more sensible, that the increas ing weight of years renders the private walks of it, in the shado of retirement, as necessary as they will be acceptable to me. May 1 be allowed to add, that it be among l he highest ns welll as purest en joyments that can sweeten the remnant of my dys, to partake in a private station, lit tho midst of my follow cittizons, of that benign influence of good laws under a free government, which has been tho ultimata object of all our wishes, and in which t confute as the happy reward of our cares and labors? May I be allowed further U add, as a Consideration far more important that an early example of rotation in an office ofo high and delicate a nature, may equally accoru witn the republican spirit of our Constitution, and tho ideas of liberty ano snieiy cnicriaineu tjy the people. lit a larcwcll address is to be added at. the expiration of tho term, llie fallowing paragraph may conclude the present.') "Under these circumstances, a return to my private stations, according lo the pur pose with which I quitted it, is the part which duty as well as inclination assigns me. In executing it, I shall carry with mo every lender recollection, which gratitude to my fellow citizens can awaken; and a sensibility to the permanent happiness of my country, which will tender it the object of my increasing vows and most fervent supplications." ishould no further address be intended. the preceding clause may bo omitted and the present address proceed as follows. "In contemplating the moment at which the curtain is to drop forever on the pub lic scenes ol my life, my sensations antici pate, and do not permit me to suspend, the deep acknowledgments required by that debt of gratitude, which I owe to my beloved country, for tho many honors it has conferred upon me, for llie distinguish ed confidence il has reposed in me, and fat tho opportunities I havo thus enjoyed, of testifying my inviolable attachment by tho most steadfast services which my faculties could render. "All the returns I have now to mako will be in those vows, which I shall carry with mo to my retirement and to my grave that Heaven may continue lo favor the people of llie United Siatc3 with tho choicest tokens of its benrficience; that their union nnd brotherly affection may bo porpetual; thai ihu free constitution, which isthe wurk of l heir own hands, may be sa credly miintninetl; that its administration in every department be stamped with wisdom and with virtue; and that tlna character may be ensured lo it, bv that watchfulness over public servants and pub lic incisures, which on one hand will be necessary lo prevent or correct a degener acy ;--aud that forbearance on the other, from unfounded or indiscriminate jealous ies, which would deprive the public of tho best 6orvtcoa, by depriving a conscious in tegrity ofoue nf the noblest incitements to perform titer.) ; that, in fine, the happiness of the people of America, under the auspi ces of liberty, may be made complete, by so careful a preservation, and so prudent It u-o of this blessing, as will acquire them the glorious satisfaction of recommending it to llie affection, the praise, and tho adop tion of every nation, winch is yet a stranger to it. "And may wc not dwell with well ground, ed hopes on this flattering prospect, when wo reflect on llie many lies by which tho people of Amo'ica are bound together, and llie many proofs they have given of an en lightened judgment nnd a magnanimous patriotism. "Wo may all be considered ns the chil dren nf ono common country. We have all been embarked in one common cause. Wo havo all had our share in common suf ferings and couimui successes. The por tion of the Earth allotted for the theatre of our fortunes, fulfils our most sanguine de. sires. All its essential interests aro thu same, whilst the diversities arising from climate, from soil, nnd from other local nnd lesser peculiarities, will naturally form a mutual relation of the parts, that msy givo to the whole a more entire independence, ihan has perhaps fallen to the lot of any other nation. "To confirm these motives to an affec tionate and permanent union, and tosecuro llie greal objects of it, we have established n common government, which being freu in its principles, being founded in our own choice, being intended a the guardian of our common rights, and the patron of our common interests, and wisely containing within itself a provision for Us own amend ment, as experience may point out its er rors, seems lo promise every thing that can be expected from such an institution; and if supported by wise counsels, by vir tuotis conduct, and by mutual friendly al lowances, must approach as near to perfec tion as any human work can aspire, and nearer than any which the annals of man mankind have recorded. "With these wishes and hopes I shall make my exit from civil life; and I havo taken the same liberty of expressing them, which I formerly use in offering the senli. rnents which wero suggested by my exit irom military lite. "If, in either instance, I havo presumed more than I ought, on the indulgence of mv fellow citttzens, they will be too uenor. nus to ascribe it to any other causa than the extreme solicitude which I am bound to feel, nnd which I can never cease to feel ior wieir nueriy tneir properny, and hap. piness." Such is Mr. Madison's draft, which win evidently consulted in preparing the final barewell Addiess, but on a comparison of the two. it will be found that there is but littlo rcsemblanco between them. In a conversation nn the subject, Mr. Madison said to me, that ho aimed chiefly lo ox-press the ideas contained in washing'toii's letter wilh such additions only as wero required lo complete the form "nf nn address. IIu spoko in high praiso of thu loiter, as touch ing on iho most essential topics in a con densed niul pointed manner. Tho draft met Washtngion'c entire approbation at

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