Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, September 9, 1836, Page 1

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated September 9, 1836 Page 1
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vitTtwtft&ix NOT THE GLORY OF C M S A R ; II V T T II E BY II. B. STACY. FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 9, 183G. VOIv. X No. 481. WELFARE OF R O M E. BTOIIY OF THE HAT. We extract from dm American Monthly Mnga- A Venerable Postman. Tliorc is now living nti old tnan nnmcd Henry Wlntc, who has boon n font nnst between Harl- sine, n pretty story with this title, fiom tlio Geimun boroiiyli ond Cheslcrfied, tho Insl lliirly of Gellert, done into Uiigtish Verse liy n cor- yenrs. Ho Iris walked 20 miles every tiny repondent of the Jlng.iihie. The tale contaim n (Sundays excepted) during that period. which, at 52 weeks to the year, gives 'J. useful moral. rilOM TIIF. OE11MAN OF Q ELEHT. The man who lint invented that rrntcan fashion'.) my u h it, Wore his frit cover with the brim Slourhcd dawn. Yet he contrived to wear Tlie llii"S ith nich a grace and nir( lie seemed u dandy, spruce and prim. Ait through llie sticcu he walked, surprise lleamrd loilh fioal ccry fnpling's eves And all this womlciing town confessed That matchless genius he possessed. lie died, and It-fi bnpicst most rare ! The broad-brimmed li.it to his next heir. The funeral o'er the heir scarce knew What with the dish shaped think lo do, Whose flalihiness iinnnved him sure; tie studied long -Ills s-K ill ihen tiicd, Turned up ill! lirim on ciiher side, And In ought ii to n peak befoic. Now walking forih, the people saw And hailed the change with great eclat, 'I'nii honor," died they, "sir, the hat Hath now n shape worth looking at !" He died, and left bequest most rare! The peaked hat lo his next heir. The heir recoiled ilie hat, ami eyed The goodly gifl wiili swelling pi ide. Hut jiiilji'il it lacks I a fin it couch ; He M'iiiiiniz". il ijo-e a id long. An I Mi tint llicic wh s inii'ihiiig wrong A siiiiieihing ih.it dufoi iiil'J it inucli. h il" nil d he, "i's 8 i'e defect, I am inii-l hippy m deteci!" Ho tinning up the hiini behind, He pieced and sinnilh'd it In ids mind. Who can th' .ilnnidi'ii"iil eouceivo Tint seized the ciowd, when lliey espied The novel ihangel "Itehold." ihev ciied, Deltoid what genius can iit-hlec ! Oh, what a glorious Iraii'l'ui nntiun t The in in's un honor to (lie nation." Iledieil, and left bequest most raic! The ilirec-c.ocked Ii it to his next heir. The hat was now no longer new, (Tin ce owner's hands it Ii id pa-red through,) Much soiled it was, uuil gieiscd, al tck ! Hul. nti iinpioveinenl bent, I In; heir I'nndeied die mailer well "iih c.ire: Then jconi'd.and spangcd.and dyed it black. "Oh hippy lll'inglii1" cxclinned alotil The gaping and .iduia iog eiimd; "Of mind limine, inventive clear, Tlie strong, conclusive proof, see here! A white hat's fiuiu it we feel, A black one's sinely m ne genteel !' He died, an I I -ft bequest in.m rare ! The black lived lial lohis nexi heir. The heir look homo llichit in lasle, lie. siw lint il w.w gie.il1 worn, And ofiis priiii.il splcnd r shorn; (The color hail in time gum n dim, (shabby and (1 lernl was, the Iniin; Tlieciowii, lialged iii I'ke a hive. J Long was he ported whit lo do. What means In use u hit plan puisne, Its form and splendor toievive. But finally the lucky nun Devised the only pioper plan. Over a block he ihew I lie hat, Ami nres.eil the biim down snviiilli and flit: Washed, scoured, and blushed it, and at last A heated sad-iron o cf II passed, Then cock'd it Hp Ific.-h, and bound Its ede vvi h silken ribbuid round. Now forih he wnlke I, and in his range All m liked at mice ihe thorough ch mge. "Whit rc we," ciieil dm moll "behold, To n new Ii it lias i ll mged the old ! Oh, h ippy country where the art A.n ... .i..i'Ueil lit' .1 111. Ill llftl.tllsl We've reached ihe height Alienee nngcls fell ! Mere mortal ne er can tins excel : He died, anil left bequest most rare ! The le-fuiined hat to his next heir. Invention is die artist's glory, And gives renown in fmiue stoiy. The next heir, with il u iag hand, Snipped fiiini the h n I In silken liana; Willi gold. lace trimmed it round instead, An I set it sideways on his head ! The crowd cried, with a deafening roar, 'Now genius iMiiuot higher soar ! compaied wiili this in in nil ihe ipsi Weic silly, bungling fiub, at hesi!" He died and left bequest mn-i rare 1 The gold laced hat lo his next heir. JSncJ of Canto First. OO-Whal Timber change the bit befit in Canto second we shaP lell Each heir some liberal inn made ; Each in bis mm his i.me display'dj And each new fadiion, as il rose, Win praised and aped by lops and beaux Fnncy devised new foims and name, But THE OLD HAT was aje THE same! Tn lirirf n ihpse ihe hat. iiliilosnnlicrs. you'll find Have treaied, in limes p.ul.llie Sicience nfihe mind And still, new-fangled dummies, quaint anilliolil, Find rcaily Irieinli anJ l.uoieis as oiuio: 080 tntles. II"! is now abinit 7!) ago. ant! to all appearance may continue lo 'plod Ins weary way " lor some years lo come, Shc'ltiold Ins. Ocular Demonstration. On Sunday week, I mining the ten of thousands who enjoyed the majestic spectacle of lite eclipec, l hero wa an honest weaver in n neighboring village, who like many oilier', i-i imbued Willi lite honorable ilesiro of giving his children a mora cxti nstve cdiicition than he eiijoyctl himself. When the eclipse be came annular, lie exclaimed, "I wish our Tarn was here. Shun after lie gocd to learn astronomy, be used to diceive tne about the sun being many thoosan's o' times bigger llinn the mnnti, but I nyo tcll'i htm he was mislain. What better pront would he hie, than to t-co the anc laid strauglit on the tap oflhc tithcr.' I allow the sun is biggest, but I'm sura U s no oboon a tliootn breadth cnc.li way. If he wutltia believe me lie would surely believe bis am iwn cen." Paisley Advertiser. Couriout instance of the Agency of the Devil. The occasion nf iliu lir.-t peopling nl America was this; thai the devil being alarmed and surprised by the wonderlul success of the Gospel during the first throe hundred vears otter Lhrist, and by the 2 o'clock, A. M. a hurried step awoke the writer of litis edict ch. out the rnpld whis pering of some crented the suspicion that all was tin) ngii', springing irutti tits ncrtii. he nskrd one of the men near tlie cabin door, what was the inntter. "We are in the midst of ice, "said he; "will yon inform years of the captain and mate?'' The captain was instantly on deck ; he ran forward lo look out. In n moment the ve-scl, going at the ralo of five knots, struck as if against n solid rock. It was an islat.d of ice! It lifted its head above lite water more than ono hundred feet, and leaned over as if rea dy to fall upon ns. The word was given In put up the helm, and hack the sails. As the sailors were ha-tctiing to obey tho lal ler order at. the terrified passengers wore rushing on deck and looking up at the tm inense, overhanging, frozen mass, Ihe fdnp struck again with increased force. O what n shock ! Crash! crash ! It seemed as if the masts were fulling one aflcr another on the di ck. The second mate entered Ihe cabin and clappitiir violently hi hands to guther exclaimed. "My God ! our bows are stove lit we re nil gone." An awful death appeared now inevitable. In this moment of general panic, the commanding olTicer L'lvn orders lo clear away tho boat Then while Ihe knife was being applied in the cordage fastening lie r alongside the ship, a rush was made to her by men and women. That small boat was in a moment filled with thirl v or forty persons. It seems utterly marvelous that she ditl not 'jrea precipitating every soul into lite deep, flail this taken pine:, our commanding ofiicer Irom ii.mni'.ll ..Clin, iinniheii Pinnirn in the time must have shared Ihe tame late ; lor, ..rnh.i..i;,in n...t Inrwni.i.r ilmt his ben. a desire to gain possesion of her forhimelf thnni.li t.-inm1nm IVIIIlIll 1lt W hollv over, and and crew, or to save the miserable thrown, led nwny a people from tho other crowd Hint nau got continent into America, ilial limy miglil tie into her quite out ol'tho reach of the Gospel, and nlliers into northern coin regions tiiat art,' almost inaccessible, eo 1 lt.it be might qui- etly possess them and re.ign over them as .1 rl .1 t.- . I ... I .1.. II:...,... oi'irgiiu. ijoiiamaii noiuiuja iiisiuij ol fl"demp'ton Bi.r.ActiEi) Pi.Ax.-Tho Doncaster Chrnn. icle states that a York chemist has produced a specimen of blenched flax which appears to present n decided improvement in lite manufacture ofiba' article. It has created a great sensation amongst the maniifacliir ers. and Ins beer, taken for silk. Il is ca- nnble nf bcinir manulacloreil into tho finest thro id. for veils, lace, cambric, &r., and will supercede those articles of French imntif.iuttire. The texture is said to be ni'ist bi'nutlful. for sufolv from destruction it may bo Irom both mo lives he entered the Imal and sloud in till he drove nut every ono at the point of III swnrd. Then was n scene of terror ! In front of l lie cubin the passengers were col leclcd, halt linked. -some on their Knees calling liir mercy some clnppiog ibetr hands, and lillcrinir iho most appalling shrieks. Nothing distinctly could be heard all was confusion and horror. It was enough to penetrate a heart ofslone. Somi! mure were collected, dressing tlicm-eives arcparinff fo re-iat the cold, if perchance thev should survive Iho wreck. Others were looking lor something lo which nicy could lash themselves lor support lor lime in tho water. Hero yon might see one wiili a safely bell slung over Ins shirt endeavoring to fill ii wiili air: there anoth er. pale nod agitated, inquiring, "Is there n Cmv.-M. Pallas '.'I''10 ' AnJ ll"!r.- ""c'"'"!"1?- , Aca.len.ie des Sci- u1 ',MPB,r' a"X' , J"'1 " "t ." nl nf bis K.ibs.nnee. 'lo niiytliintf! we must die." "Are o Mnk- Selections FftOM LATE FORCION PUBLICATIONS. The poet Carpini once asked his friend Haydn, how il happened that his church music was always of on animating, and even gay description ? To this Haydn, replied "I cannot make it otherwise : I .urttn nrrnrdinrr to the lllOUshtS which I feci when I think upon God, my heart is so full ol joy that Ihe note dance and leap as il were from my pen; and since God hascivenme a cheerful heart, il will easily bo forgiven mo ihat I serve him with a cheerful spirit." The late gallant, but eccentric Admiral Sir Thoma Packenhatn. had the misfortune when n young man, to bu captured along with his frigate by a Dutch frigate of su perior metal. He ever afterwards retained a very sincere respect for Dutch bravery, which he showed by making; rather an economical addition to one of his prayers in the litany, which in his prayer book ever af'er read, "From battle and murder, and from a uulchmnn,p,ooa hold deliver us. Sugar kp.i.m Indian atelv iresi'iitcd to iho oncos nl fans, a sample ni nis suusiauce. xtrncled from tho stem of the plant, which has been found to contain nearly six per cent, of syrup bulled to 4U uegrors, a pan il' which will not cvstiiltz " b'.-fore true l ih cotton; but it condenses and acquires more cunsiiti'iicy from that period to the state of complete 'maturity. Tne nioit favorable lime to obtain the greatest qtnnuty ol su gar is immediately after the maturity ond "athoriiiL' of the fruit. The litter left after ihe extract ton of the sugar i capitnl lo feed cattle or lo make packing paper Ilo.Nnv-Mo in Mtsr.niF.s. A London Po lico repjrl has the following dialogue be tween a liOstiHtiu nun witc. i lie wtiu nau complained of being put in bodily fear. houi'li twice tlio diiik oi tier uear spouse The husband told ihe magistrate he d "em nrrate as a woluntcer to bpain, before he'd live with her again." Mwinirale. How came you to marry if vim tin not intend to Itvo with your wile Uusuunil sunning nis neao.i i was ue- iravcd. She seduced ine ; my mind wa against having her, but the overpowered me. Ila-zislrale. How long have you been married ? Husband fsigbing.l It will be a whole fortnight, next Saturday. Jlristutate. And pray, how long were you arqnaiutcd belorn marrtagcr Uuslmnd. rtlnrc mail a month. I met her orninisciinu-ly in the street, and hhe told me 6he'd been a widow filicen years and I told tier I u boeu a widower nion than twenty. Then, snys she, you're llm only man in the world I could set in v affec tions on. tint she took me in; she said she'd got money in llm Bank of England, but she li ido l got a dump Wife. by, you poor bjggarly fellow. how dare yon say I took you hi .' Didn t you tell mo you had 507. a year for life? and no the day we were married, didn't you come lo my lodging', which I'd furnished myself, and only bung your night cap? Yes. your worship, that tiighi cap is the only '.ig of h'n property Ih il I've set eyes on since we ve been married. Ilusuana. i"u saul ynu loved me so well you'd take mo without a shirt lo mv back, you know you did. What bttsine had you to olt.ir lo marry me when we hadn't been acquainted u week. If you'd knuwn me longer you wouldn I have mar ried me, I can lell you. Wife. Give me my furniture, and I nev er want to seo yuur ugly face again SIIIl rtYKON-TIIB ICEBERGS, A terrible encounter with un Iceberg near Ihe Jsankt ol Jeirluuntllantl. On Hie 30lh Juiu' last tho ship Ilyron lell Liverpool for N. York, heavily laden with iron, t-all, vc. unci having on hoard, in passengers and crew, 110 or 120 souls. On the morning of Iho 2d August. Si days mil, in latitude 44, 22, Ion. 4ft. 50, n scene occurred which can never be cfiVed from memory. It was the watch ol the first mate, a man of greut fidelity, but being indi-posed bis place was taken by another. An unusual deg'ce ol Ic vil v and thoughtless security among ihe passengers, had just given place lo nlcep. And now all was still, 6ave the tread of the watch on deck, or the occasional toll of the bell to warn the ftihing cralf, if near, of our approach ; but we had more need to bo warned ourselves, than to givo warning Itootltera of approaching' danger. About ' uncle," cries a little boy. A child running in a brave sailor, says, "wont you save me f" And the lotto wailing anu la mcniuiiou of tho crowd ro--o higher and higher. Then, as if to closo Ihe painful cenc. lite slnp-trueu again on uei quari'-r The shock reverberated like thunder, inn king every joint of llm vessel shake as if it was cooitii"; apart. Hope now iiniy lieu all hearts were dt.-mayed ; the despairing crv was renewed, and Iho most calm bra ced I hem-elves in preparation for tmtnedi ate death ; even the dogs cowered uow upon the deck in silence. It appeared ihat at the first shock again. the mountain, the jib-boom was broken and thrown over Ihu bows info lite ve Tin second shock carried away iho bow mil, head and cutwater, lodging the tun bcrs across the bows. Had it struck us on either side, or bad it struck os on the bull wo must have perished. Alier Ihe bow sprit was carried away, the stem of tl shin must have been held down for an in slant bv Iho overhanging column ; and her not imm"dtately rising in front, gave the idea to Iho umst experienced that she wa stove in, and was filling with water. Tin created lite panic. Hut tlio sails beitt backed ihe helm was pu'. hard up, she turn ed Irom her enemy, nun swnifing clea received the last shuck on her larboard quarter, which though its sound was tern blc, did no injury. 1 hat mutant the was free And now was i lie contest between despiir and hope. Tne carpenter reported i hat tbu hull was sound and the bowsprit could bo repaired, but then she may have syrung a leal:, and llm loremasl was in uan ger ol lulling. I he word was 'to the pump The pump was rigged and wrought. 11 was a moment of painful suspense, until the pump sucked, showing that all was tight. 1 hen hone stlded the countenance ol'our captain, and all hearts began to live in its rndiatice. Snll we wailed for the crash of the fore mast as the vessel was rolling in the sea. but it stood firm. Daylight, ever delight. I'ul lo those on tho deep, and peculiarly grateful to us, soon appeared. We found ourselves going on our way, alive nnd with every reasonable confidence of future life. We stood amazed at our deliverance. The mosl careless among u w ere constrain oil to aiiribum our preservation lo a kind and merciful Providence; while tho miilli lode cried mil unhesitatingly, "It is the Lord who hath saved us: thanks and prais cs to his holy name." Then every conn tenanco was lighted up with joy every hearl was filled with gratiuide to God, and many purposes weru lormed of reformation in future. The next day we saw ihre mountains of ice, and pas-ing near one of: them, we gazed with the deepest iiileruclon the fellow ol" thai which had to greatly eiidiin;i'red our lives lie fore the close of Ihe 2d day, anew bowsprit was filled up which stood ihe trials ol winds and waves tho rest of the voyage. In ull this bust uess the ollicers and crew showed great skill and energy 3tl tt c a I 12 1 o n a tun Ki oin the Genesee Farmer, THE D A I II Y -1 T S P II O F I T. The first obicct of n farmer in cultiva ting the soil is profit ; and the next to this the desire of securing ihe first with as little expenditure of labor and means as is possible. To do this, the quality of tho

soil, its condition, and the size of the farm must be taken into consideration. Its very situation will, in a great measure. Ictcrmino the first; its condition will ol course bo depending on Ihe judicious or niutliclons treatment it lias received; ond as In number of ncrcs, il is evident, that ilhout n ccrlnio ntiiintily of litem, some inds of farming, such as grain raising, or wool growing, cannot be profitably under taken. Perhaps there is no one branch ol farming that can he ro readily adapted to all farm greater small, as iho dairy; nod while il is clear to raise grain exlcu-ively largo farm must bo required and much la bcr and money expended, a medium farm, one of eighty or n hundred ucres will be found best calculated for a dairy, as the hiring of servants can usually be dispensed w.l Ii in such cases, l or a man Willi but 40 acres to attempt the raising of grain for ale, and al the same time keep Iho neces sary horses and cows nod sheep required lo cultivate the farm and supply the family, would be on unprofitable undertaking; hot on such n farm a dairy may bo kept that will bo a sourco of great profit, when com pared wiili the capital invested. 1 o make tins matter clear, it may be bet lo make a few e.-titiialcs, in all cases getting as near well established results as possible, nnd where any Hung must be lell lo conjee tore, always being careful lo err on tho sale side of the calculation. A farmer wish es to commence a dairy with lew good cows not herd book slock, btvt good native an i mals. The price ofcows fur several year- past in the spring of the year has varied from IB lo 22 dollars wo will call it 20 bus making the cost of his cow.s 200 did lars. For pasturing cows il is generally estimated that two acres to each one will bo required; and it may be so as pa-turcs arc generally laid down, but when the tuif is clean and close, and ihe soil in good heart, wo arc confident something less will be sufficient to give I hem every advantage I he interest on the twenty acres required lor six months, the time the dairy will be io operation, nl 30 dollars per acre, will be 21 nulla i sj. 1 lie intere-t on the mnocv in voi-tcd in cows will be 7 dollars. A dairy ni'iio, it one is required, for G months ni a lullar tier week, uvenly-stx dollars. Tlie expense will stand thus : 10 cows al g.'O each, g200 00 I merest on do. C month?, 7 00 Interest on 2 acres to each cow, 21 00 DiHv maid G months, 2G 00 ed, n? it is well known ifthe temperature h I The Food hf M n -The Gennesseo too low, the cream will bu so long in rising Farmer gives this amusing summary oflho native countries of our most familiar plants: Tho Polaloe is n nut ve of S mill Amer ica, nnd is still found in Chill, Peru, nnd Monte V den. In 'us native state, tho root it small and b.tlor. The first mention fit by Uuropenli writer is in 15n!t. It is now spread over the w irld. Wheat nnd live origitnlod in Tarlary noil hlbern, where they ore still indigen us. The only country where th" Oil is I. mini wild is nl Aby-stnia, nnd tbance liny be considered ni'ivo" Ma'Z .' or Indian corn, is n imtivo f Mexico, and tinknow i in R iropo until alter the discoveries of t'o'u nlius. Iho ircad Fruit tree i- a native "f the South Sea Islands, piruculnrly Oiaheite. Ten h loiind n native nowlo-ru except in Uhiua an I Japan, fiom which country the world i supplied. The C ic ia Nut is n iiitivo of mosl rq'iinoctliil countries, nod is ono of ln most vnlo ibln "i I re"s. as toon, cioni inrr, and shelter are afforded by it. GolTeu a itilivii of Arabia Felix, but is now spread into In I It I he 13 1st and We-l Indies. I lie be.-t c ft o is brought Irom .Mncua, in Arab'a. whence nb ml lourli'cil miliums ot p iiinds are onnu illy exported. St. D"iuin. go furuisli"8 from sixty lo seventy millions it pound-yearly. AH the varieties nt tne pplo ore derived from the crab-apple, wMeti is louuil native in most pans ni niu world Tin- p -acb is derived from Persli, where il s'lll grows in n native statesman, h ttor, and with poisonous qunlinc'. To bacco is nitivi! of Mex'co and South Amer ica, and lately noe speed's Ins been found in New Holland. 'I'. b iceo was fir. nilro- loced Into Coglntiil from Nmtli Oiroliua, III lollU. by Waller llllelgll. A-p-irnum was brought from A-la: Onbbigo and Let loco from Holland; Hor-o Radish Irom Cnma: Rico fro n IMitopin: Beans from tho B-t Indies; Onmus ami (urlick ores na tives ol various places b illi ni a-ui ono rUrica. Tho Sutiai Caoo is a native of China, and the nn ol making sugar Irom it has hern p-ac'ised from the remotest an- iqoiiy. Total expense, g254 00 If a il.iirv is a cheese dairy, much will be depending as lo the receipts on the qttnli ties' ol Ihu milk produced, and Ihe skill shown in making. Tne quantity of cheese produced vanes much in different dairies and in estimating profus, a medium rate must be selected. Mr. It'uwu, of Olsego county, made from thirteen cows 4700 lb of cheese, or 3GI lbs. to each cow. Mr F. Perkins, of Trenton, Oneida county, from 711 cows, made 3J.000 lbs. or 410 lbs. to eh cow; and in the same communication In; states, that the dairies' in that chec; making region vary from 200 lo 500 lbs. cheese to a cow. Some experience in the dairv business, nnd an acquaintance with latry district, leads us to suppo-u that 3j lbs. to a each cow would not be an extrav agant estimate. The average price ol'gooil cheese when sufiicienlly ripe lor sale, lo several vears past, has not been less than cents per lb., and many dairies find their sites have averaged 0 or J9 50 per cwl. Miking our estimate al U cents per lb., Hi receipts of a dairy often cows would slam! as follows : 3500 lbs. cheese, 0 els. per lb. jj2S0 00 100 lbs. butter, 15 cents per lb. 15 00 Whey for swine at 42 per cow, 20 00 g3l5 00 Alaking tho receipts irom each cow lor six months. 431 50 or, if we deduct tlie butter, as being most ol it necessary in the dairy ro on, it will leave the sum uf 10 per cow In some of tin.' best dairy dislrict- of New Fiigland, il has been common lo dispose of tho cows to drovers after the dairy season has closed, but little feeding in ij necessary lo render litem good beel. Cow.s are not as high in Ihe fall as in the spring, by about 20 per cent, and if our tanner determines to sell his cows in pre feiencu to keeping them over ihu winter, ihev will bring htm about I GO dollars. This sum must be added lo the receipt of tho year, making a total ol 475 dollars. I he will thuii stuud thus : Receipts, gJ73 00 Expense?, 254 00 asm becntn' bitter; and tl too high, ns is usually Ihu case in the summer, Ilia milk sours beforo the cream has time to separate, by which much of Ihe cream is lost, and Iho bullcr rendered of an inferior quality. In making butler, tn 'ro is depending on the quality and richness of the nolle than making cheese; as some cows, Irotn llie nine qiiatilily of milk will give double tbu amount ot cream that others will ; and hciico tho selection of animals must be made with reference to this very point. his fact accounts for the discrepancy shown in the quantity of bolter produced in different dairies, and tho varying estimate? consequently made upon the butter each cow will produce in a season. TIim are ome cows tlnl.will nuke a pound of butter day for seven or eight months, with gootl eepiug. and there nro others, that, if thev give half a pound a day, may bo considered ns doing well. The breed of cows has a great influence in determining the quantity or qnnhly of Ihe milk. The earl of Chesterfield, a short tune since, instituted a scries ol experi ments on some favorite cows of different breeds, the result nl which was as follows: In the height of the season the Qts. milk. Oz. Holderncss gave per day, 23 jonj; Horn 19 Alderney, 19 Devon-lure, 17 Ayrshire, 20 I'linf there arc few if any cows native breeds that will approach this qnnu tity of milk or butler, mosl innM be willing lo admit : indeed, an able writer on catth Hie rarmer, lliinUs Unit lew dunes ot ows in Ibis country will average more than from IG0 lo 10 pounds n jear. From some experiments we have made, and the reports ol some few ordinary dames fin holler, we nro disposed lo di-senl from tin- writer, and believe that with ordinary can in the selection of cows nnd the manage mcul of the dairy, 200 lbs may easily b reachjd. Mr Curtis, of Marhlebeinl, from common cows nnd ordinary pa-lure, for three years, made butler as follows: 1IUR cows, 1272 lbs. butter. 1I129--7 " 1175 1H30--G ' 1090 Which last is at the rate of 131 pounds to i cow, and Hint under favorable circtim tones to make the most oft he milk, tt'i know of cows thai produce a pound n day for nl leost three mouths in the higlil the season, a nil that without extra care or feed; still a naiivu cow to do this, mti-l I) .rood. For three years past, bit! lur. lakmg the whole season, will average 15 cs. pe lb., ii ml calling Ihe amount produced from cow 200 lbs. the balance would stand thus: Ruttcr from 10 cows. 2 000 lb. gjoo 00 Skimmed milk 43 per cow, 30 00 butler. 31:1 31 of our Insanitv.--A young man named James Down, was seen whilst standing on n pier at tnu Last llivcr, lo deliberately cut In throat from ear In ear and then throw himself into tho river. Immediatco tfjrls were made In rescue him, which he at tempted lo frustrate, but ho was taken out alive and carried to the Uily Hospital. 4221 00 Giving to tho farmer n clear profit of leven dollars upon each ol the tweutv acres used fur the dairy. Il mu-l he re marked however, thai lo produce this result, Ihu cows must be in guod hearl ond tolera ble order on Ihe first of May, and have omul feed for the summer. Cows that "shirked" through tho winter, nnd pasture on daisies, johnstvorl and thistles, through tho summer, will not reach the above mark. and the owners may think themselves lor lunate if the "summing up should nut show a balance Iho other way. If the dairy is lo be devoted to making butler, there will be bul little difference to the result ; though if conducted under la vorable circumstances, wo think making httltor rather inure proglablc than cheese. Many persons, however, connected with the dairy, think otherwise, and the odds at any rale cannot bo very great. To malto butler through tho summer, the dairy must he so situated and constructed that a uni form ptoper temperature may bo maintain 4330 00 Making a difference of fifteen dollars favor of butter over oheosenrikmg. When the milk is churned new from the cows, th quantity ol butter will ol course be greal er, but we have never made it in that wnv and have no authentic information by which the difference, and of course Ihe profit:, can be correctly estimated. Various estimates have been made of the expense ot getting in n crop oT wheat or corn; but whero wheat is put in after n summer fallow, as is usually the case, the expense of too ploughing, harrowiugs, seed, interest, ant! wear of implements and i lie land, cannnl be c-limaicd al less than ten dollars per acre. Admitting the average crop ol wnea; to ue twenty bushels per acre, which must, taking the whole, be considered liberal, and a profit of ten dol lars per acre, wheal at one dollar per hush el, which may be considered the average price, will bo the result. It would becnv lo make n list of the ileitis of expr.use. nnd hero, ns every wheat grower can make ihe estimate for himself, il he needs to be con vinced that Iho above statement is not far from lite truth, If the crop to be compared is ono of com, csiinntes mule with great care, by Judge Duel, Clark, and others, show that in ordinary cases the expense ol a crop, including labor, seed, itc., is al lea-t fifteen dollars per acre. The profits of a com crop are more variable in our lat itude than most others, sometimes rootling very high and al others, being literally nutiiing : and we believe thai if the ave rage c-tim ito of profit on nn acre nf corn is put the same as wheat, tl is as high, as ihe experience of the funning community will justify. If llie above calculations arc correct and il" Ihcy are not we should be happy lo have Iho errors pointed out, by any one pracne nil v acquainted with Ihe si.bjecl then the difference in profit per acre b.lween the dairyman nnd the wheal grower, is not so much in favor of the hitler as has bee generalU supposed. 1 1 liny however b said, Ihat the practice of dispo-itig of the cn.vs by ihe dairyman alter Hie season t closed, would in iho end be suicidal to tin business, if generally adopted, nnd hence. as a general rule llie cows must he kepi over Ihe winter unking r. necessary lo do I net from Ihe prnti's tho cviiensc of keep ing through the winter. Tins may be ad mitted, nnd Hie result would then bo as follows' a cow will eat a Ion and a hatful hay in the winter, wlnc'i at Ihe average price ofeight dollars n Ion would be twelve dollars for keening; rather exceeding, if there is any difference, the neat profit on each cow the fir.t season, then the dairy man enters the field nti Iho second year, with an unencumbered capital ; the cows nre paid for. and the entire anion, il ol'lln'ir produce, with the trifling deductions above stated, are lo bo counted as profit. L 'I our dairy cuunties luok at this nutter caro. Fully- it is well worth iheir attention. W. G. Ludicrous kftects hk Srntotuit A correspondent ot iho Medic il mid Surgi cal Journal who wa- called lo vi-dt no I r i -tl family at New-II veil, who bad been p it soned by eating DniiraS raojunutn (Tnorn Apple, or Apple P r n somnitnes also cal led Devils Apple) winch had been acciden tally mingled with a mess of greens and b died for dinner, thusdesenbes Iho appear ance of 'he group : The countenances had a wild idiotic cx-pres-i in--thc pupils widely dilated tho sensorial functions perverted and the mus cular system subject tn an Irregular agita ion somewhat resembling that of chorea. The appearance of the fnniily was extreme ly ludicrous. Tile children were laughing, crving. singing, dancing, nod p'aying oil un igiiiably pranks. They had no correct est i m nion of disiunces, or l he size of objects were reaching their hands to catch hold of objects across tho room, and again run ning against persons and things which they appeared lo view as distant. Tho nail beads in the floor were pieces of money, which they eagerly tried lo pick up. A boy. apparently fancying himself undrcscd, caught n hat belonging to a student, thrust Ins fool into il, pulled with billi bauds on the brim, and began In fret thai he could not "get on Ins irowsers." The parents frequently called on the children to behavo themselves j but, their own actions being equally eccentric. th"y alTordod a ridiculous exhibition of faintly governirent. Sinco tho preceding was in type, wo hive received the Journal nf Commerce, winch mem ions a melacho'y death by stra monium. A child, three years old. and her sister, who was two years older than her self, wore pi-sing through the street on Sunday, and picked up smile? leaves of alra mouiuui, which limy both nte uf. A young man named JVcck has recently been married to Miss Heels. Tl ey are now lied "neck and heels together" A Luckv Exi'cru.MKvr. During these. voro host which happened n few months since, a lively lass who had been married abotil a year and a half before to a young farmer on the borders of the Rodney marsh, was much scandalized at her busbimls going lo ihu public house, and slaying too late when he was there. Several litilo conjugal expostulations having failed of producing alteration, tin: ludy, in n moment of pas-imi, declared positively, thai if it occurred nenti, she would (brow the haby, an infant four in nulls old, into the military cnoal. and herself in nfier tl. Not dreniu ing that tho would carry her llireal ittlo exocuMon, a few days had unly elapsed, when tho "lion lonjitc of miiliiilii bad lolled Incite," beforo Mr. knocked nl his own door. His wife let him III lier.-i It", and wi'hool saying n syllable, set down tlio candle, do liberalely wnllied lo llm cradle, snitched up Ihe iilicoiisi'loiis htilc innocent sleopit g witlim it, ami ru-lied mil of Ihe hoo-e. Il is hardly necessary lo say that tho a'anued hii-b.ind ran ba-lily after, hot so sodden nod unexpected bad been her movement, that she bad gamed con-nlerablu si art, and tint canal bring but n lew yi'ils from their dwelling, reaeiied the tow pitlibelore lie could uverlaku her. Ho was jo-l hi lima lo seize nod save her from self d-st ruction; iho poor thing was already in Hie middle of the water, ni n spot a'iou four feet deep, noil h could witness the struggles by Ihe light of the moon. In nn instant he throw him-ell in, no I gra-ping the tnglii g nvn, which prevented its wnrer from -inking, b oughi sa'ely t III-' brink the cil ! nod mowing pilioiisly. His spou-e hi lliem nn. tun.' hid regained h'r door, wh ch wa- not opened nil no had plenty of tune to enjoy all the comforts ol his situation. Deforo, however, he wis quite nu icicle, admission was vouchsafed; bul the story of In- s-lf. indicted ducking having got wind, no lui Iber slra'ogeoi was necessary to wt-an lha swain from his symposium; Ihe jokes of hi conviv,al acquaintances being1 sufficient to prevent his again pannking of Ibotr revolt. Oil Colony Memorial.