r.r-t . a NOT THE OLOIiy OF C JE S A It ; HUT THE WELFARE OF ROME. BY II. B. STACY. FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 16, 1836. VOIi. X No. 482. THE CARP EN TER, There mi a young West-Countryman, A Carpenter by trade ; A skilful Wheelwright loo was lie, And fen' such wnggons made. No man n lighter house could build Throughout hi n.uive town; Through many u village round wns he The best of woikmen known. Ilis Culier left him whit he had, In sooth it was enough ; His shining neuter, pnls of brass, And nil his household slufT. A lililo col Inge too he had, For ease and comfurt pl.inn'd And that he might not lack for aught. An ncre of good land A pleasant orchard too there was Uefore his collage door J Of cider and ol corn likewise, He line n little store. Actiie mid healihy, stout and young, No business wanted he ; Now tell me, reader, if you can, Wltnt man more blest could be ? To make the comfort quite complete, He had n faithful wife ; Frugal nnd neat, nnd good was she, The blessing of his life. Where is the lord, or where llie pquire, Had greater cause lo praise The goodness of that hoitnlotn band, Which blest his prosperous da)s 1 Each night wIipii lie returned fioin work, Ilis wife so meek mild, His little supper gladly dresrd, While he carcsed his child. One blooming babe was nil he had; Ilis only il ailing dear. The object of their equal lore, 'I he solace of their care. O who could ruin such u life, And spoil so fair a lot 1 O what could change so kind a heart, All goodness quite forgot ? Willi grief llie c.ntc I must telatc, The disnml cause reveal ; 'Tw.is KVIL COMPANY and DRINK, The source of every ill. A cooper came lo live hard by, Who did his fancy pl'iise ; An id'c t ambling man was he, Win oft had crossed the sea. Tins man would lell n merry tale, And sing a merry song; And llioso who heaid him sing or talk, Ne'er thought llie evening long. Hut rain and vicious win 1 lie song, And wicked wis the tale; And every pause he abvajs filled Willi cider, gin. or nle. Our Carpenter, delighted much To hear llie Cooper talk, And with him lo the nle hoii.e ofl Would lake hit evening walk. Al first he did not care to drink, Hut only bked the fun ; Dut soon he fiom the Cooper learned The same sail course io inn. He said llie Cooper's company Was all fur which he cared ; lint soon he drank ns much as he To swear like him soon dared. Ilis hammer now neglected I IV, Knr vvoik he lillle cnicd ; Halffinished wheels nnd Inoken tools Were strewed about his yard. To get him lo nttend his uork No prnvers could now pievail; IIi hairh'ei nnd his plane forgot, He never drove a. mil. His cheeifal evening now no more Willi peace nnd plenty siml'd ; No more be sought his pleasing wife, Nor hugged his smiling child. Tor now his drunken nights alone Were w'uh the Cooper passed: Ilisdajs were nt n tavern spent, And siillho slaved the lasl. No handsome Sunday suit was left, Nor decent Holland shirt ; No nosegay marked the Sabbath day, Uul nil was rags anil diit. No more his chinch did he frequent, A symptom ever sad ; For where ihe Sabbath is mis-spent, The week d iys must be bad. The collage mortgaged for its worth, The favorite oi chard sold ; He soon began lo feel lie eflccls Of hunger nnd of cold. The pewier ilirhes, one by one. Were pawned till none were lefi ; And wife nnd babe at home remained, Of every help berefi. By chance he called nt home one night, And in s surly mood, He bade his weeping wife to get Immediately some fjod. His empty cupboard well he knew, Must needs be bare of bread : No rasher on the rack he saw ; Whence could he llien be fed 1 His wife a piieous sigh did heave, And then before him laid A basket covered with a r.lolh, Hut not n word she said. Then lo her husband gave a knife, With many a silent tear; In haste he inie the cover nIT, And saw his child lie there ! "There lies thy bal," ihe mother said, Oppressed with famine soie ; "O kill us both 'twere kinder far, Wo could not suffer more." The Carpenter, struck lo the heart, Fell on his knees straightway ; He wrung his hands, confessed bis sins, And did boih weep and pray. From the same hour the cooper more He never would behold ; Nor would he lo the ale-house go, Had it licen paved with gold. Ilis wife forgave him all the past, And soothed his sorrowing mind, And ir.uch lie grieved that e'er he wronged The worthiest of her kind. By Jaboring hard, and vvorking late, lly industry and pains, His collage was al length redeemed, And saved were nil his gains. His Sundays now nt church were spent, Ilis home was his delight, The following erse himself he made, And read it every night : The drunkard murders child and teife ; Nor matter! it a pin, Whether he stab thim with hit knife, Or starves them with hit aiv. From the American Monthly Magaiine. THE LAST op theIRON HEARTS. It is nn ungrateful task In write nn In diari tale ns it should bo wrillen ; anil what is more, the man is not in America who can do il; or, if he be, ho has not yet mado his appearance in print. So the brave nnd unfortunate race, so deeply wronged hy our fathers and ourselves, pass nway, nnd no data nro left lo posterity by which lo tin derstand their character, save the dull re cords ol incompetent or one sided chroni clers, nnd the vnguc speculations of hasty travellers, most of whom ore entitled to about ns much credit ns Capt. Hall. Wo arc not going into n dissertation, but beg leave In assure our readers that ttto Indian is not the ferocious brute of Hubbard and Mather, or Ihe brilliant, romantic, half French, half Celtic Mohcgan and Yemas- scc created by Symmes and Cooper. How can men, however talented, describe what they never fow ? A plum-pudding cannot be made without olutns. or n slorv. nowa dovs, without n sprinkling of what fools call love, and wise men lolly. Our talc shall Have a mile oi the fashionable spice. Once upon a time, there lived among the Yanltlons of the far northwest, nn am- azon, who, whatever mischief was done by her eves, certainly inflicted literal wounds with her hand?. Such things have been before ; we read of Clorinda, Camil In, and Marphisa in ancient days, and are assured by Tyrone Power that tho modern Irish women assist their husbands in ac tion fights, each nrmcd with n stone tied up in the foot ofa stocking. How much more likely, then, that fucIi characters should sometimes be found among a people to whom refinement is utterly unknown, with whom animal bravery is tho highest moral attribute, nnd whoso first-lisped sounds are war and baule. The Penlhis lea in question was the daughter of n tro mendous warrior, who never had fewer than three scalps drying in tho smoke of his lodge at a time, and she hid stood side by side in fight with her father and loaded one "I have now done what would sccuroln magic ceremony effaced tho foot to tlc- For the two shoals, whose weights to- any maiden n hunter and n warrior. No stroy his Bwiftnes, the arms to prostrate his gelher mado 173 pound, coven pounds of tlirl has been thrown j no bird nas upuneu sircnghiti, mo ryesto blear Ins vision, nnd good Indian corn meal, by measure ten pints, a single nolo oi sname. Anu now, wun tievmcu mm to mo oiauo oi mo slaughterer my hand on this medicine bag, I declare, by driving a knilo into his bosom lo the O Yonktnns, that no man shall ever call me haft. Having charitably informed him of wifu but ho who shall bo proclaimed llie her ntlectinnatc proceeding, slio went nto best and the bravest warrior of tho tribe nt the woods nnd hanged herself, neenrding its council fire, or who can make mo cast to the judicious customs of squaws when down my eyes at Ihe ordeal of maidens. I slighted or jcnlnus. have spoken." The heart of Mahtoe, iron lo every thing A deep roar ol approbation went up ns oesuie, wns wax to superstition. Annro- tho martial maid retired from n purgation henston of evil had tho effect evil itself not less terrible lhan the trial by fire of old. could not have produced. Ho became n uacn warrior oi repuie now Demougni nun cunngcu man, nno a seined melancholy how he should gain tho name of tho best constantly rested on his features. His gun of his band. Tho young performed prodi- missed fire, tho Buffalo carried off his ar gics. Those who slept in tho shade offer- row nnd lived, his huntings were unsucccs mer laurels, now aroused to fresh and more ful, his canoe was upset, his corn was terrible nction. Never before was the wail blighted in the milk, and his children died, of Pawnee, Chippewny and A6sinncboin In short, he considered himself a man bo- widows heard so far and so widely. Nev witched, (no uncommon thing among the crthclcss, no Yankton obtained the envied Indians.) nnd gave himself up to despair, distinction. As it could only bo given by Two years after he went to the Mar.dan general suffrage it was impossible that il villages on the Missouri with a small party could oyer be won by any individual of a of his people. While there, a war parly tribe of emulous and bravo men. The of forty Pawnees, who were lurking about stratagem of the fleet foot was campletely the vicinity, heard of their arrival. Pre- successful. sliming on the forbearance of the Mandans, A year passed, and the emulation of the with whom they were nt peace, the Paw- Minerva of the tribe had excited gave neo I noes entered the village nnd nttneked the to n savnere order of chivalry, in compari- visiters. For once thev reckoned amiss. son with whose reckless contempt of death The Mandans and their guests set upon tne irnntic vamr oi tnc urusaues anu tne incm togcuier anu compelled them lo a desperation ol the assassins became reason flight nf several miles, killing some nnd and common sense. Twelve warriors, ap- wounding all. Not a man escaped wholly proved tnc dcsi and uoiucst oi tneir race, unnurt. indeed, so hard were the Paw associated themselves for the avowed pur- noes pressed, that they were obliged to pose of winning the Fleet Foot nnd the throw nway their clothes, and even their dangerous title she had proposed ns the I weapons, to make better speed. price of her hand. The reputation being The old spirit of Mahtoe revived in the equal, or nearly so, and the competition excitement of the chase. One Pawnee, being narruwed down to themselves, it was who appeared In be a chief, made almost only with each other they could strive. superhuman efforts to check the pursuit of his two guns before 6he was fifteen years We must describe the right of initiation frequently turning, and bearing back' the old. More ; on the same occasion she right I into their order nnd its rules in detail. I foremost of his hunters. Mahtoe met him. valiantly knocked two wounded men in tho After fasting and proying three days nnd The chief discharged his gnn unavailingly, ncao, wun nor own laias: noiyairj nanus, nignis, tne oanu came inrtn Dctore uay pcing urougnl down initio very net by a after the affray wns over. and performed a solemn dance belorc n bullet which broke his thigh. As the From that tiinn she renounced the avoca lofiv pole. Slahtoc, or the urizz'y Hear Yankton ran in lo finish h m. the wounded linns and sometimes tlic garb of her sex. the most distinguished, wns then siripDcd man drew a reserved pistol and shot him Olll. I'UIIU HU tlilUIL, IIUI UUV.I UIMU IU WUISl UIIM pUIIIVCU UlUVtl J IIHUUII 1HU UUUjr. burthen, her hand planted no corn, dressed oaken skewers, each half an inch thick, His slayer was instantly scalocd bv the no robe, and wrought no moccasin. She were then forcibly thrust through the mus- comrades of tho slain Yankton, who then reined the steed, wielded llie lance, anu cular parts ot the arms. 1 wo strong cores passed in hot pursuit, when, oftcr an drew the bow instead. She accompanied were then attached to the skewers, nnd the nbsoencc of throe hours, they returned the wnr and hunting, parlies and sat in the ends were tlrawn to the lop nf the pole, they witnessed another example of the for. councils of men ; and in both situations her At 6tinrtse the innate began to dance around titude of their race. Tho Pawnee had merit wns cordiallly acknowledged. For tho polo with half Ins weight lacerated recovered from his swoon and was quietly all this she was especially qualified. I he arms, nnd chanting his former exploits. engaged in smoking his pipe. They sacri- dangntnr ot a giant sue cxceeiieu tnc situ- i nis agonising torture no continued io in- nceu mm to ineir dend. iiroliflier sex: trained to incessant exer- flict on himself till sunset, without win- So died, on the field oflinitle. hi-: nurse ciso she was quite equal In the fatigues of cing, when he was rclessed, nnd the next ry and hi3 dwelling place, with his war-cry T :i . . i . . . ..i r. i i . i . : . nn.i I i . : . . war. in council, vuciviiruny in inu pimiu morning iuuk ins piucc xjci nut int.- nuu un ups. one, WHO, nerco nnd pitlies to merit ol nn Indian, who nas noiiung to say, er llitiiK mat we exaggerate ino inuian iocs, was yet a cood eon. brother, husband and slrnti'TC as il may seem, she was able capacity to endure privation nnd pain. father, and friend, according to bis know. such n scene as we have descriucd we nave ledge ol his social duties ihe Last oflho witnessed, nnd linvc uitmnisncd miner iron Hearted. than increased its horrors. The rules of the "Iron Hearted" were, never, when on any mutuary enterprise, io turn one inch out of the direct line of march that led lo its n:comn ishmcnt for nny dan rer whatever, until one or more nre killed. If opposed by n superior force, they were lo hold her peace The main sprinc of this woman's char octer wns ambition. Conscious of powers inferior to those of few men, shn saw her se f doomed to bo an Indian wile, Hist is, nn inferior being, n mere drudge, n benror of burthen, n hewer of wood and n drawer water. Ihe slave of nn inlcrtor, nnd the victim of Ins caprice. I he prouu and hnnrhtv soul she inherited from her father, to cul their wav ihroush: if they came loa revolted at a lot so abicct. nnd she posns- nrecinice. one at least was bound to walk ed the on v minifies which could raise over it. nnd in order ot precedence was her above it. viz. physical strength and de- to be settled by emulation. termined courage, active and passive. The dress ot the Yankion brave is sin- Tlie Fleet Foot (wo will not inflict on gularly picturesque. A tunic and a pair .,. ,.irtt,n oomimmtnlmn inriorn nf ol leccins, snow white, and ornamcnien an Ind an name) became the hate oi me mu iiiiiy.u ' " h"" i r-" It u r ii I 22 c o n o wj? September.. A correctly calculating cultivator will make his hogs labor lor livelihood. This may be dune by throw ing intn their pens potatoe-tops, brakes, turf loam &c. which these capital workmen will manutnciure into mantiro ol the hrst quality. You cannot sow winter rye too early in September. It it be sowed early its roots will obtain tucli hold of the soil before winter, that they will not bo liable It women of her tribe and the admiration of its men. For envv. pcttv malice, and cal umnv. she cared nothing. She heard her nam" Ihe subject of rude praise, her deeds tho theme of rude sons, her wisdom tho admiration of Ihe old, nnd her beauty the discourse nf the young. She was eminent ly beautiful, that is, if a furmenst in gigan to be thrown out, and killed by frost. n nnir Ol I " uu ounm tUII, I U UUVUItlUiJl. mnc,n, .mi n hnfr,in Tnt,o. rvworod with order to yield green lood lor cattle and LLrntnhieo renreseni W ilm wearer's sheep, particularly Ihe latter in Ihe spring exploits, are the main article. For every Winter wheat, likewise cannot bo sowed ivmini rxeeiveil nr (riven, a si enur no ill - -f"iti 111.ra111w1111.m111 .i dint,!, ibrnst into the bnir. For a yard, and see that it has a proper shap c,.in iun nr nn onemv.. slmn. n nnir of for a manure manufactory, as well as other skunk skins are appended to the heels, and a tuft of swan's down nnd a war eagle's ,in mi.i f nnrfpei' avmmni rv nnd rernilnr feather placed on the summit of the head, and dark features, can be said lo ma'ko a Hang round tho warrior's neck a necklace ...n n n.,r.,rn ,,.-, iwnniv s in of it izzi v ocn r s c i a ws, i o uonote mat no n.-ia tl-nnt If llfjlf nfl ,n mfllpQ nfilm tribe, has killed such all animal, mount him on .l.'n hnd nu nrelensiona In rank aiunnrr its fine horse, with two or three scalps dan men, but to none ofihem would she incline ling from the bridle rein, set htm careering her car, cither gravely or seriouslv. To over the prairie with lance and shield, with have married would have been to lose her his eagle's feathers streaming in the wind. rank, to have become tho Paria wo descri- and you novo a iniiKioti uespcrauo bod an Indian wife to bo. Thcrclore she coslume none cuff nrcscnl lovesick ditties ueiore ner uoor. sne oroKc their heath with their own three holed in lull of the Metamoras of the accommodations, adapted lo its various uses. You may as well have a hole your pocket, for tho express purpose of losing your money, as a drain lo lead away the wash of your farm yard. True il may be spread over your grass ground, nnd be a source ol some lertiiitv lo your premises but the chance is that most of it will be lost in a highway, or neighboring stream. Stifl", hard, cloggy land intended to be tilled should be ploughed in autumn. Fall ploughing saves tunc and labor in the cattle nro weak, anu tne were made into cood mnsh.nr haslvpuddinc & divided between them for every 24 hours. That is,thcso two had allowed them exactly hall the weight of meal which the others had nf raw corn. The seven pounds of meal were daily mixed with scalding water and then well hailed; the whole process of cooking was done on an average in 1 I 2 hours. They were nil fed twico a day. and at the same time. Tho evening feed oftho 6hoats, fed on mush, was generally warm tho morning feed, having stood nil
night, was always cold. Tho seven pounds or ten pints of meal, when cooked, weighed an avcragoof30piunds,and measured an av eragc of three gallons. There was a differ ence or nine pounds in tho wctshl of the latter pair the smallest had I he least appetite, and his allowance nf 15 pounds of mush wasjust as much ns he appeared to want, or would en', up clear; the other was greedy, and always Miarp set, despatched his mess quickly, and wanted more. Uefore the experiment had progressed a fortnight, there wns n very perceptible difference in the appearance of these pigs. Those fed on mush nsmmed n more thrifty healthy, fresh nppcarnnce, particularly of their hair, and this difference became more slnkinrr as the experiment advanced. On the 4th ol January, while preparations were making for killing and dressing, they were acain weighed on the hoof. One of those then, whose daily allowance had been 7 pounds nf corn each, had increased 20 pounds in the 24 days: the other, which had had an equal allowance of corn, had in created only 5 pounds. I could not ac count for tho difference by anything I could discover, cither before or' after killing; the appetites of these two were much more alike than of the others; nnd their health was apparently equally good. Of the pair fed on mush, whose daily allowance had been 3 1-2 pounds of meal each, the greedy ono had gained 23 pound and the other 21 pounds. These arc all the material facts in these experiments, except that a very small por lion of salt was put into each mess of mush and there is no miracle in them. Tho hogs allowed 3 I 2 pounds of each gained less than thrco fourths nf a pound daily, and this surely they might hnvc gained from the meal; but they cained more lhan those fed on double that quantity or corn. The saving of one half the immense quantity of corn consumed in raising nnd aliening hogs in Maryland, would be well worth the offer nf a premium to have these experi tncnts accurately repealed and tested by dillcrcnt persons Ma. Jlsr. Jicpotl, HonsEs. Flics are a great trouble lo horse al this season. They will cat all the sum ou too insiuo ni tncir cars, and then feed upon the flesh, producing a great deal of pain and uneasiness. This evil may be prevented by rubbing upon the inside oftlieirears a little grease nr nil, which should be repeated occasionally. Every mercilul man who has a horse, will be mer ciful to his beast and prevent this injury. Farmers might easily save the flesh nf horses and cows, and confer great kindness on their animals, in preventing the usual annoyance of flics, by simply washing tho parts with tho extract ofPennyroyal. Flics will not alight a moment nn Ihe spot tn which this has been applied. Every man who is compassionate to his beast, ought to know this simple remedy, and every livery stable nnd country inn. ought lo have n supply on hand for travellers. lb. Seed Wheat. To obtain good seed wheat, take the bundles and shake nr slight ly beat them over a box, and tho earliest and plumpest kernels will fall out, which will be the best for seed. This method will tend tn improve wheat, nnd it is at tended with very lilllo trouble. Yankee tanner. : ...; tJnn,l, n,hl,i, Ltn.ro. but nnarm to do. n heart to daro.and PPr'ng! when cattle nro weak, a " . y ' . V : : : . ,!' n i.bn n hurrv of the work peculiar lo that soobon CV: , !.u,,y, . TS !. I 'M , ' Prr.;c, on the cultivator. A light sandy umpn nninipfi in ivnnr ai innscuGCoraiionft. icu,f :J - - . rni i i-... i - . I i G.. no it mtttF conm ! in r hnni Ittll PIOUZU 111, UUl J IU 1 U BUHIU u lu uuiibui i llnnrr date t lirouu t no vvinicr. select ynur corn ed were not extinct for three years, durinc intended for planting next season from the ------- .. . i -i j .ul.i-li time one ennei over I be h lift, three iieiu, liiiiiii" nnu, burned by the rnwnees. two perished in the flames ofa burning prairio. n seventh walked under the ice of the Missouri, and floHtfcal. THE MAGICIAN and the MAGPIE. flutes; nnd if ihey persisted, she shot their dotrs nnd horses. Nevertheless, so much was she annoyed, mat sue wn3 oungeii 10 find an expedient to prevent the nuisance nl once nnd forever. Her tribe have a ceremony, (or rather had il, for it haR for many years been obso fair, sound cars from such stocks ns produce two or more ears. Ihkiiis the best or the bunch. You will consider well which is the best method of and adopt nno of the . . . - .. . .... . .ii.i !.. i,,.in .,,i i, ti.ot, l harvesting corn. oh Z ::S7 ca ;w.: known r rtn..,; I,.; methods mentioned by Judge Due,. If the After apnropriat, religious rites and dances, desperate pledge. And now Mahtoe alone husks and bottoms of your corn ,. when S Zffwoicn" advanced, one nt a reniained, after" having braved ns many and fi'o llmo intn tlin nontrn nftlin nesnmlllpfl mill. flS hard "nerils ns anv of hid defunct com- a bUIUUU" oa"' 1,1 Vultr!. v;u,w,, liiini nnu nit wmi- - . , , , natn nnt In MCA EIIP I II nilftnll V n IO Ril 1 .1 It I. 1 1 1 nfil. tnr. nr. .until ninni Ilia line? nlll Itrill'flGI ILOIW " w i"'in i IIIUCC. nnu citaiicnguu caun ami an ui i i m ! ""'"b'' " - .. no ,n .. mnM , w,on flnnl, who knew any thing against her maiden of I ho YanUlons. c ;,h ,irJ nnP ,(, ,iit r ,n ,tnnlnrn il II ,n o u I hnrcmre he Wll l no nhiectlOll On I 10 narl 01 K CCl uu""1 , .v, ..... . .. .. ' .... : .i. cinn. i.n. c.iL. nfr.,i , i, ic, r , i, n m a k o fi s t - j a t o fod d c r . Do not feed hogs supposcu imumai y .mm ..u uuri m ;"'''.' ' . ',..' V". ' r.7.t ' i '" .1 " r'11 wiih hard corn without teeninr?. erindin-r rue. nnu lis man nest nu vc c ituo uuvu uuu ntuncu mo uuumvi hmu , ... (. called it to be discontinued.. . . council. The stoic of ihe pratrie, after a l! The fleet stepped nto ihe circle, drew decorous pause 01 noout an nour, in oroer '!" """"i.""' - , ine "cel Blcj I'1" '"' '"-.,..;-,.. . ,,. ,. mln,i i,nn.,n,i ,i, !,. onerations. and if a due degree of fermen- P 10. y?0 " ZTTiL; : . Vm; M ,V i; i.iion is superadded, so much the better.- coil honn fur theso six had for o wife was lo do the work of his Complete Farmer. uPftrs" said she. "a woman set opart from lodcc and to take care of hia children, for ' r. 1 r t I ti. Lints I I.n nrnnnaml IniltJ uina nn urv nnnll lied. He hud never he said Ihe least idea has been wholly with men. The clear ot espousing mei'ieei v 001 no nau wives river is ruffled by tho least breath;the snow enough already, quite enough for ono man. is sullied by tho pressuro of the lightest His motive for joining Iho devnlcd banu font. Let him breathe on the stream ot my lifs and trample on tne 6tiowofiny charac lor who can !" There was long a breathless silence, but there was none who spoke. She then commanded hor medicine bag to bo brought forward. Th'n is a collec tion of charms, amulcls, &c. to which great reverence is paid by its owner. Each Indian has his own, nnd you may swear him upon it more safely than you can most wliiles on tho Evangelists. Putting her hand on tho shrine of savage tuperstilions, our Thalestria spoke again. had been that it mado his heart sick to havo it doubted that ho was the bravest man on earth. That doubt was now re moved, and with much gratitudo he declin ed the favor intended him. Tho Fleet Foot went lo war no more. Slung with a slight she could not avenge, blie put herself under the tuilion nf nn cm incnt sorceress, forof such professions there is no lack in nn Indian tribe. When she thought she had mado euch progress in no cromaucy ns did credit to her application, she cast a spell 011 Maliine. She drew n picture of him iu tho sand, and with many FATTENING HOGS. On the first dov nf December four shoals oflho same breed, nearly of a size and as mueli alike in every respect as could be selected from a herd ol ninety ntld hog were made choice of, each carclully weigh ed. and placed in a separato stye, where their food could be exactly regulated. Thov weighed between Rl and a 100. The two whose weights together made It! pounds, were fed nn one gallon of shelled Indian corn weighing seven pounds tn each for every 24 hours, and as jinuch wator ns Ihey wanted, 1 his quantity 01 mou was a plenty lor Diem; generally they about con sinned it. Some five or hx different days between Iho first of December and 4th of January, the time the experiment wns go ling on, thry did'not cal their whole allowance. Among the arguments brought forward for the conversion ot tho fifteen thou sand majority of this Slate, who have been uniformly for the last seven years, opposed 10 Gen. Jackson and his adminis tration, is the assertion that Mr. Van Hu ron and the General are two very ditterent men. We ncknowlcdso that Ihey are somewhat different, but wo think that in all noints of difference the General is de cidedlv the better man. Rollincbrnke speaks of a Gascon so servile that on being kicked out ol a minister s door, ho climoou in aain at the window. Mr Van Uurcn in Kvconhoncv and meanness, is a worthy ennvist of the Gascon. lie places nil his claims to office on the most degrndin" ac quiescence in all that President Jackson lias said and none. Hincc tnc ine cooony was first disgraced by hu elevation. Ho not onlv thinks il oi.ortv enough ti have SERVED UNDER SUCH A CHIEF, ami pruiil ises in irenoral terms to follow in his footsteps, but he gives ih his specific ap nrobatinn in detail of nil hi lending mens ores. Il is a Utile singular too. that whilst hison'srfnn views have corresponded with those 0 uenoral jacKsnn, no nas snow a most wonderful alacrity in changing his nninions nrecisclv at Iho proper limo and u ace. Docs Gen. Jackson think a distribution nf the Surplus Revenue "just, safe, cqui tnble" the moii so of ony incnsnre that could be. devised for its disposition ? So does Mil Van Huren. Does the Gene ral change Ins views, and conn to look up nn the same distribution as ati"!roin, cur ruolimr and uniusl? So does Mr Van liunEN. So ngain with inference in Internal Im movements. The General adopts nil nrbl trary rule nn this subjectand promises lo veto all bills of Congress that do not fall within it. "I sec nn such rule in the con stitutinn," says Mr. Van Huron, "nor hag President Jackson ever given U9 his consti tutional views upon il but tho General still is tight, nnd I shall continue to Veto in the same." In regard to the Tariff; and the Protec tive System, Mr Van iluren say? in hi? reply to Ihe Shoccn Springs committee in 1832. that ho "fully concurs" in tho sentiments of t he President. VVhat these sentiments are, it would bo somewhat nuz zling to decide; ns wo belicvo the General has never given a satisfactory definition of his famous phrnse "a judicious tariff." Hut tins feir-idenliflcatinn of Mr. Van Burenwith Gen. Jackson cannot ba better illustrated, lhan hy reference lo Ins recent reply to Sherod Williams. All that wob necessary for Mr Van Buren lo hove said in lacl, mighUiayc been nioro briefly con veyed in tho following maimer ; nnd might have been despatched to his impertinent querist by return of mail. Washington, April 20. Dear Sir, I have received your polilo note, proposing n series of interrogatories applicable tn tho event nf my election to the Presidency of Iho United States. In reply, 1 beg leave briefly to state, that from the moment of his election, I havo acqui csccd in every opinion that has been enter tained by our present Chief Magistrate. This deference I considered to be justly due by each and every one nf his subjects', 111 consiucrauon 01 1 no advanced years, ma invaluable public services, the unbounded political sagacity, I may say Ihe inttntivo nnd all-seeing wisdom, of tho glorious Chief in whose nge it has been nliko our happiness and glory to live. I am aware that his opinions havo undergone some ma terial changes nn all important topics; but I beg you to bear in mind that my own opinions havo uniformly and simultaneously undergone the same. I should consider it glory enough that I had been a 6Un.MissivE servant to Pres ident Jackson, nnd that it was my highest ambition to follow in his footsteps. I deem it proper to add, at I do with emotions of sincere and proud satisfaction. that it t'resident Jacksons views should vary on any subject between the present time and the period of the election, that my own opinions will naturally adapt them selves to nny such emergency ; though firmly fixed in my present acquiescence, like nil reasonable men 1 am still open lo conviction ; nnd it will afford me tho great est pleasure 10 retrieve nny unintentional error. With assurances oftho most sin cere regard. 1 remain most truly Your obedient and devoted servant. M. V. 0. The Hon. Shcrrod Williams, &c As nn appropriate illustration of such an epislle, we subjoin the following questions and answers ; the questions comprise Iho sub-lnnco of Mr. Williams' inquiries, and the answers nro taken verbatim from tho letter of Mr. Van Iiurcn. Question. What are your views touch ing llie distribution of the surplus revenue .' Jlnsicer. "I wa9 inclined, at the com mencement of President Jackson's admin istration, to favor (he idea of a distribution annually among the states, of the surplus venue, and amendment nt the constitu tion conferring nn Congress authority to make it. President Jacksm, entertaining similar apprehensions, submitted suggestions lo this cffeil lo the consideration of Congress. Time and circtmstAnces havt worked changes of opinions on thesxibjeel from which my own mind has not been exempted." (Question. Are yon in lavorot Mr Ulay s Land Hill. Mr Van Iiurcn ? Answer. "Tho disposition of the public land.-, proposed by the Bill lo which Presi dent Jackson refused his assent, was in my opinion highly objectionable. I therefore approveil nf its rejection by him at tho tune, nnd all my subsequent reflection lias confirmed mo in that opinion." Question. Will you sign and approvo hills making appropriations lo improve navigable streams above pnrts of entry ? Inswer. "You will nnd that Irom tho first action of President Jackson upon this particular portion of his official duties, which happened while I was a member of Ilis cabinet, there has been co-operation in action ami a general correspondence in -opinion between him and myself upon tho whole subject. President Jackson has no where given us his views as lo the particular provisions of the Federal Constitution, by totict he con ceives expenditures of this character to be authorised." Question. What nro your ideas on hx ponging f ,'lnswer. "I regaru 1110 pissugu m iui. Benton's Resolutions to bean act of justice to n faitlilul nnu grenny injureu servant, not nnlv constitutional in itself but unpen- ousli demanded by a proper respect fur the well known wilt (if the People." Plutnrch tells us ot a magpie belonging lo 11 barber nt Rome, which could imitate to a nicety nlinost every word it heard. Some trumpets happened one day to bo sounded before tho shop, nnd Tor a day or two the magpie wns quite mute, and seemed pensive and meluticholy. All who knew 11 were greatly surprised at its silence. At last it appeared, says Plutarch, that the bird had been all the lime occupied in profound meditation, studying how lo imitate Iho sound of the trumpets; and when at last matter of it, the magpie, to tho nstonisli. mcnl nf all Us friends, suddenly broke its long silence, by n perfect imitation of tho flourish of trumpets it had heard; observing with ihe greatest exactness all the repeli lions, stops and changes. It is pretty much so with Martin Van Huron. Mr Williams of Kentucky wrote lu him on tho 7th of April lal for his views on certain subjects. Four months aflclwnrds hu breaks silence; with a flourish of trumpets, observing wito iho greatest exactness nil the "repetitions, stops, and chnngi'h" in Gen Jackson's course. How worthy a rival is Mr. Vaii Iiurcn of llie Bather's Magpie!