Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, December 16, 1836, Page 1

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated December 16, 1836 Page 1
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NOT THE CLOllY OF CjKSAII ; II II T THE WElFAltB OV ROME. BY II. II. STACY. FRIDAY, DECEMBER 16, 1836. VOL. X Wo. 495 Quick and Cheap. at HOWARDS again, AN Entire New Slock of Winter Good? is now being received tit his Cheap for Cash Store, which linvc been pnrchnsod wild such pniticular earn and attention as to quality and prices as was deemed justly due to hi? numerous Cash and rendy pay Customers, lie line very nincli increased liis usual supply so as lo enable buyer to obtnin almost any quantity wanted, and by many judicious arrangements entered into with American manufacturing establish ments, some articles come to hand lower than by passing through market. A great tnnny goods were laid in through llie Auc linn louses in New York at the late re vluced price and now as to the disposal of 'such an enlarged stock comprising every article ever expected lo be found in .1 rral Pashinnahlu Silk, Fancy and Staple Dry Goods, Family Grocery, Crockery. Iionk iug Glass. Carpel &.C. Store. He has to say that in Consequence of l lie increase ol business ho is willing to soil at a percent ago less than heretofore, and as the motto is 'Cheap for Cash' they will be sold very low for money. S E. HOWARD. Burlington. Nov. 3. 11)30. Over-Coat Cloths- LEMUEL CURTIS Co have just re. ceived in addition to their former stock, an invoice of heavy over coat cloths, compri sing Heavy Pilot and Aloliiiir Cloth, I'oters. hums and Lion skins Heavy IJrali, Green, and brown Cloths, also Broad Cloths and Cassi. meres, of every color and priee. Oct. 23. Mar,. Home-made Cloths. THE subscribers have now on hand, 500 vds. heavy sheep's gray clolli, 200 yds. hlaelt and brown doth, which will lie sold low by the piece or yard. L CURTIS & Co. Oct. 28. Zr 'Poos Pig lriin, 220 Tons Nnvosco'in Plaster, 15 Rules Rnir.ilo Robes, 2." ' Chow Hop--. 100 Ilrls. Linseed Oil, 20 Ca-ks While I d. 20 Brls. No 2 Mnekerell. for sale by HICKOK & CAT LI A". ' OH. Ifith 1 030. New Fashions. MRS. M. PHASER would inform tho Ladies of Burlington and its vicinity, that she lias just returned from New York, and has brought with her l he newest fashions for Ladies Pchccs, Dresses, Clonks, (luts anil f'nps. She has nlo S-ilin, Reaver, Leghorn, Tuscan, Straw and Silk lints ; nn elugant assortment of Ribbiuds, feathers and Flow ers, n great variety of Silks fur Hats, Pclicus nno Ureses. Bobliincl, Thole, Slar.fc blond Lnrc, Quilling". Turead and blond Edging, Veils, Collars, Gloves, sewing Silk. Thread. &c. All which she m ill sell on as reasonable tcno" ns can be found in thi vicinity. Dress es Polices and Cloaks made in Ibn newest s.le and best manner. Shop opposite Diukecs Hotel Church street ISuilington, Oct.2l!, InSG. JUST received, the I'eiuiy Magazine for 1031, '33. '34 and ".',:. b unci in full cloth or 'lalf calf, price 2 per volume. Oct. 1 Veuno.n ilAitniNfir n. CURTIS & CO. are now opening llieir fall purchases of Crockery mill Glass Ware, consisting of all the desi lib: article in '.heir line, Among i)Cni may bo found. Globe. Hall and Astral LAMPS Gut, prefs'd & pin id Stand do Champaign, 1 V.'10' , ) GLASSES Jelly, and ( Lemonade j 'Dining Setts, from 1 10 to 210 pieces Plain, While mill Enamel'd Ware While, gilt edged and bronzed Chinn Tea Setts. China Fruit Didies Cut. ground, and Flint Tumblers. &.C All of which will bo told on the best terms Oct. 14. 11130 Ladies' Satin Beaver Bonnets. O Cases of sot in beavers, coinnrismg nil tho fnshionab'e and desirable, colors, drab, brnwn, green and blnck, by Oct. 21. L CURTIS & CO. Cod Fish. i Quintals Cod Fth, jus' landed, by I DKJ J. & J. II. PECK & CO. Oct. 13. For Sale, THE House and thrcc.fourths of an ncrc of Land, formerly owned and occupied by Zaclicus I'easlee. Esq., situated in the village of Burlington : the hou-o and out buildings in good repair witli a good well of water, garden, and valuable Iruil trees For term, npply to DAVID RUSSELL, Esq Burlington. Nov. 10, Ui30. Saddlery & Carriage Trim mings. TTI1ST reenived and now being opened at mi ilm Hardware Store: tho most full and Inin assortment of Saddiery, and Car ,Unn Irimminirs over offered lo tho trado in ,.fn. nomnnsinir full assorlmenis ol Collon and Woislcd Webb, wide and narrow llrncR. 1'lalno. janni eu Uliu miiiivw. .um-.w , Straining and Rem do, carnago inccs; oicps, cxlcs, and plated dash limit; plated and brass ..Intoi! Carriage. Gig and Sulkcy Lamps eye all of which will be sold at reduced prices for cash or short credit, by ROBERT MOODY PICK up your old Cast lion and bring it into mc and I will pay you tlio Cash for it. A penny saved is woilh I wo pence clear. soys Docl. Franklin. J WM. ULAKE. Bnilinjton; Nov. 0, 183C. 'TMIB subscribers acquaint their friend" - and the public that they have entered into copartnership, and have opened n shop near the comer of Church and King streets, where they will dress and dye all kinds of t urn, at reasonable prices. J hoy alo in tend lo keep for sate most kinds of DRES SED and DYED FURS, and will buy all kinds of raw furs. Persons wishing to have furs dressed or dyed are invited to call and examine specimens of our work at I he fac tory, which it is confidently believed will prove satisfactory. BIERDE.UANN & VOLK. Burlington. Oct. 12. I t!3G. New Goods Oct. 19, 183G. E received to dny. gold, npenwnrked, chased and plain Guard Keys ; sold l!ar pins; Speclaciu glasses : Bombazine, silk and satin Stocks; Linen bosoms and collars, : satin bosoms : 10 bundles best Italian violin hiring' ; Flageolets; clarified rosin; instruction books for bugles, ser pents. Trombones and flutes ; books on hand forolhcr instruments: Cologne water, milk of soscs ; tooth powder; C dozen bol. ties indelible ink to mark without a pre parntion ; U dozen do. to mark with a pre paration; cither of them are good and will not wash out. For sale at the Variety Shop. I'A.NnnonN & THE XJt 13. 'J ROPOIiXT AN MAGAZINE. Edited by Captain Marryatl, Author of "Peter Simple." &c. no. ixiv. August, 103G. CONTENTS. On tl-.o juslico and expe. diency of establishing an International Copy right Law, Summer.Niglit Thoughts, Snarleyyow, or tho Dog Fiend, the South Breeze, Stray Leaves from lha Diary of a Coin-tier, Rich Relations, Mr. Midshipman Ea-v, O'Donnell's Farewell to Erin, A tale of tho Irish Rebellion, Mount Skiddaw, Ardent I rouglilon, the recked Merchant Paine. The Lion of Ram-gatn and his Tiger, Lcs Hiiondellcs, Our Actors, To La lie Hi Kale, too Life, Opinions, and Pensile Advcn lures of John Kclch; August. VERNON HARKING TON, Agent. College street, Oct. 21, 1030. For Sale A Quantity of WAL NUTS from Ohio, by the bushel or barrel. En quire ol ' V HARRINGTON. College street, ) Burlington Gel 21. S Marryatt's Works. rg"lHE work is published in semi-monthly JL numbers, ench number complete in llself, and containing the whole of one of bis works, rqnal to iro duodecimo volumrs. I ne whole series comprise eight numbers. nni; will iorm two royni noiavo volumes oi about twelve hundred pages, lor jJJ.50. 7,i.5f oj works comprised tn tins edition. 1. Peter Simple, or the Adventures of a M id-bipmau. 2. Jacob Faillitnl. 3. The Pirate; The Three Cutters, &c 1. Frank Mildmay, or the Naval Officer. 5. The King's Own. 0 Newton Fo-ter, or the Merchant Scr iee. 7 Paciia of many Tales. 0 J iphet in search of a Father. For sale by Oct. 21. V. IlAnnivr.TON. New Watch and Clock repair ing Shop. (TIIE subscriber, informs lusold Customers i-'i. nnd the Public, that he has resumed tho U'aieh and clo(.k business. 2 doors north of J. Milchulla Tailors Shop, opposite R.Moodys Hardware Store, Last side Church hi. where be is ready lo put Clocks and Watches in as good older as formerly and on as good terms s Ins ioighborK. Ilo will also keep lor salo on oiumirsion, onii and eight day Brass and Wooden Clocks, as low as can be had in town and warranted. Cull and sec. A. HRINSMAID. Burlington, Nov. 1 1, 11130. WEST'S l'ATH.NT CIJI.OKINH COSMETIC and PILLS, F1 O R Ringworms, Sjltrhcum, Scald head, anil nil Cutaneous Eruptions. 'Phi article-is not thrown inlo market like mo-t patent medicines, backed by some half doz"ii fictitious certificates ; but it comes respectably and honestly recommen ded, ami is, we verily liclieve, nil that II claims to lie; and as such, it is oflercd lo the public, bv J. & J. II. PECK & Co Kepi. 1030 .-taenia for the Patentee MOHAIR CAPS. 14 Mohair Caps of asssortcd colors, for sale at lite Variety Shop. J'ANGllOIlN U JJltl.NSMAlD. Nov. in. Chlorine Tooth Wash. 2 doz. hottlcs of this most ox cellent articlo for Ihu Teeth, just received at the variety fcliop. Nov, in. INDIA RUBBERS, For sale at tho Ladies Shoe Slorn. together with an extensive assortment of SHOES for the season, jusl received by D. A. B HAN AN. Burlington Nov. 10 1030. Dry Groceries. LD Ilysnn. Imperial fin nt. enmstcre Gun Powder, TEAS. Souchong and Black, , Ilvson skin, and Young Hyson J Cofl'ee. pepper, spice, ginger, salerotus Lump, loaf and brown Sugars. Lamp Oil Molasses. &c. A good assortment of tho above article will be kopt on band at the lowest prices. Oct. 14. Le.muei, Curtis ca Co. Ash Timber. WANTED Tor the use of the Winooski Patent Block Mills, and to bo deliv crcd at that establishment in tho ooursc of tho ensuing winter, the following descrip tions of White Ash Plank, sawed to Ihu given dimensions, square edged, sound and free from knots, shakes nr heart wood. No of fret, board measure. 20,000 2.-,000 20,000 10,000 15,000 10 000 10,000 0,000 4,000 Widili, in incites. 7 n 9 10 11 12 Least (ircalcf t thickness received. thickness to work. U n 2 2 24 2J u 11 n n 13 2 14 24 14 28 2 A L S O, Wanted, 0,1c tlwuiand WHITE ASH LOGS the stnndard log to be 22 inches diameter and fourteen feet long, sound and free from knots or shakos to ho delivered at the Mill during the ensuing winter, or at (lie wharf at Burlington in the month of BliiV. IU37. liUY OATLIIN Burlington, VI. Olli Sept. 1030. 100 quintals Cod h ish for sale by T F i W L STRONG. JVbu. 24. Thread Laces from 12 1-2 cts. to 150 per yard, some new and splendid patterns just received by LATJIROP f POTWIN. Nov. 25. Tin Plates, &c. ONE hundred boxes tin plates 1-3 X and extra sizes. One hundred boxes Canada Plales. Forty bills Eng. and Am. Sheet Iron, assorted. Ten do. Russia sheet do. Fifty do iron wire, nssurted nos. Sheet copper, zinc, tin'd and black rivets, copper rivets, etc. by Nov. 24. T F & W L STRONG. NEW GOODS. SYDNEY BARLOW has received his Fall and Winter supply of Goods, and respectfully invites the public to call ond see them. Pearl-st., Burlington, Nov. 11, 103G. THE subscriber lias Ibis day recieved and is now opening bis fall stock of medicines, paints, and dye woods, which were selected Willi gren' care, and will be sold on ns good terms as any in I be unrket. ROBERT MOODY. November 7. 1030. inip-wicUs, Classes. & Can dlesticks. 300 DO,. Lamp Wick-, for Brass St pewter store lamps ; for astral nnd rending jamps ; Glasses for tho bras store lamps and the chimney; glasses for astral lamps; PIntcd and bin's candlesticks, enuf tors nod irays at the Variety hhnp. Ocl. 2u. I'ANonons iV lini.WMAin. New Establishment. THE subscriber respectfully informs the public and bis friends generally, that I. as taken I he store recently occupied by Mr John Abboll two doors south of his old shop, and has just received from New York a well selected assortment or Ladies' Boots & Shoes, Misses', and Childrens'. &c. of all kinds anil descriptions. He has also, on baud and is iMW manufacturing from the icst materials Gcntlenictis linn Boots, Shoes and Pumps; thick Boots, Shoes and Brogans. In short every article in Ins lino made on short notice, and as cheap as can bo nlWded for cash or short approved ere dit, and nil rips mended gratis. IJ. S. KUSSUbb. N. B. Wanted immediately two or three first rate Journeymen Bool Makers to whom the highest wages will be paid, and constant employment. U. a. II. Burlington, Aug. 17. 1030. EYE WATER. Dr. Adams' Celebrated Eye Water. Wairantcd an offeelual euro for sore, weak. and inflamed eyes, ruicc 25 cunts rzn vial. rFlIIIS celebrated articlo was invented by JL ono ol'tho most distinguished physicians of the age, and during an cxlcnsivo practice of 30 years, be invariably resorted to it in all cases ol sore, weak anil untamed eyes, that came under his notice, and so great a celeb rity did ho acquire thereby, that thoj came lo him from all parts, and in no instanco was it ever known to tail in producing tno desircu licet. A short lime only lias elapsed since tho article was first ii.troduccd to public no. ticc, and during that period, upwards of THItEE TIIOUSAN1J HOTTLKS have been disposed of, and tho demand for it is rapidly increasing. So sure and speedy is tho cflccl produced by thU article, that one singlo vial has completely cured an inflamed eyo, tbuugh various remedies had for a long timo previous been resorted to, but in vain. Ample directions accompanlho articlo, asy well as letters of recommendation from the most respectable physicians in tho country Willi a view lo insuro its usefulness in a more cxlcnsivo way, tho proprietor lias appointed tliu following persons wholcsalo Agents for the sale of it, where iho public may rest assur ed of procuring tliogcnuino article JOSEPH FISHER, proprietor, 7lb & Bultonwood, JOHN R. ROWAND.249, Market k K. A. HOSKINS, 37G Market streets, Til Wdclpliia. DR. W. L. ALTER, Lancaster. J. fi J. 11. PECK & CO., Burlington. Vt. As will of all druggists and storekeepers liirouguoul Ilia blale. Orders thankfully received and punctually attended lo lot cyo. water or drugs, t Philadelphia, June 28, 1030. If. MESSAGE OF Tttn I'UKSinKNT OP TUB ONITKI1 STATES TO both iiousks op conp. ncss. Fellow Citizens of the Sennto and IIouso of Representatives : Addresting to vou the last annual mcs. sage I shall ever present lo the Congress oi lite United Slates, it is a source nl the most licaitfell satisfaction to bo oblu lo congratulate" you nn the high slato of pros ponty which our beloved country has at taincd ; with no causes at homo or abroad to lessen tho confidence witli which we look lo the future for corlinuing lioofs of ' no capacity of our free institutions to pro ducc all the fruits of good Government, tlio general condition nT our affairs may well excite our national pride. 1 cannot avoid congratulating vou nnd my country, particularly, on the success of clturts niado during my administration by the executive and legtsaturo, in conformity wit.1 tho sincere, cnnstnnt ond earnest do sire nl the people, to maintain peace, nnd establish cordial relations with all foreicn powers. Our gratitude is due to Iho Su prcmn Ruler of the Universe, and I invite you to unite with mo in tiflering to Him 'fervent supplication, that his providential care may ever bo extended in those who follow us, enabling them to avoid tho uan. gers and tho horrors of war, consistently with a just and indispensable regard to the rights nnd honour ol our country. Hut, nl though the present slate of our foreign of fairs, standing, without important change, as they did when yon separated in July last, is flattering in tho extreme, I regret lo sav, that many questions of on interest ing character at issue with other powers, arc vet unadjusted. Amongst tho most prominent nl these is that of our Northeas tern Boundary. With nn undiminished confidence in the sincere desire of lii.s Brit annic Majesty's government to adjust that question, I am not yet in possession of the precise grounus upon which u propose? a ratisfactorv adjustment. With France our diplomatic relations have been resumed, and under cirgumstun cc9 which attest the disposition of both Governments to preserve a mutually bene ficial intercourse, and foster those amicable feelings which are so strongly required by the true interests of tho two countries. With Russia. Austria, Prussia, Naples, Sweden, and Denmark, the best undcrstan. ding exists, and our commercial intercourse is gradually expanding itself with them. It is encouraged in all these countries, ex cept Naples, by their mutually udvontagc. ous anil liberal treaty stipulations with us. The claims of our citizens on Portugal arc admitted to bo just, but provision for Iho payment nfthcni has been unfortunate ly delayed by frequent political changes in tbnt kingdom. The blessings oi peacu nave noi oocn se cured bv Spain. Our connexions with that country arc on the best footing, with the exception of the burdens still imposed upon our commerce witli her possessions out of Eurono. The claims of American citizens for los ses snstained at tho bombardment of Ant werp have been presented to the govern ments of Holland and Belgium, and will be nrescd. in duo season, to settlement. With Brazil, and all our neighbors of Ibis continent, we continue to maintain re lations of amity ond conco'd, extending ou; commerce with them ns far as the reniur ces of the people ond the policy of their Governments will permit. Tho just and long standing claims of our citizens upon some ol them, are yet sources oi utssatlsiac lion nnd complaint. No danger is nppro bended, however, that l hey will not be peaceably, although tardily, acknowledged and paid by all, unless the irritating eflect of her struggle with Texas snouiu untor tunately make our immediate neighbor Mexico, an exception. It is nlroady known to you, by the enr resnoidence between the two governments, communicated at your last scssion,that our conduct in relation to that struggle is reg ulated by tho same principles that governed us in the dispute between Spiiti and Mux ico herself, and, I trust Hint it will be tuund on the most severe scrutiny, that our acts have strictly corresponded with our prnfes sions. That the inhabitants of the United Stales should feel strong prepossessions for tlio one party is not surprising. But this circumstance should of itself.tcach us great caution, lest it lead us into tho great error of sulTering public policy to be regulated by partiality or prejudice; and there arc con siderations connected with tho possible ro 6iilt of this contest between tho two parlies, of so much delicacy and impnrlonco to iho United States, that our character requires that wo should neither anticipate events, nor attempt In control them. Tlio known desire of llie Texans to become a part of our system, although its gratification do pends upon the reconcilement of various and conflicting intercsts.noccssarily n work of time, und uucertain in llself, is calcula ted In expose our conduct to misconstrue lion in the eyes of the world. Tharo are already those who, indifferent to principle themseves, and prone to suspect the want of it i.i others, charge us with ambitious designs and insiduous policy. Yon will perceive, by tho accompanying documents, that tho extraordinary mission frnm Mexico lias been terminated, on the 6olo grounds that tho obligations of this Government in itself and to Mexico, under treaty stipulations, have compelled mo to trust a discretionary authority to a high of ficer of our army, to advance into tcritory claimed as part of Texas, if necessary to protect our own or tho neighboring frontier from depredation. In the opinion of thu Mexican functionary who has jiul left us, tho honor of bis country will be wounded by American soldiers entering, with the most amicable nvowed purposes, upon ground from which the followers of his Gov ornmcnt have boen expelled, and over which there is nt present no certainty of a serious effort on its part being made to re-establish its dominion. Tho departuro of this Minister was the I morc fingular, as ho was apprised that the sumctency oi tno causes assigned for the novance ot our troops by the commanding General had been seriously doubted by mc; and thai there was every reason to sunnose that Iho troops of the U. States their commander having had time lo ascertain uio iruin or lalsehnod of tho information upon which they hod been marched to Na cogdoches would bo cither there in perfect accordance with tho principles admitted to bo just in his conference with tho Secreta ry of State, by tho Mexican Minister him self, or wera already withdrawn in conse quent of the impressive warnings their commanding officer had received from the Department of War. It is hoped and believed that his Government will lake n more dispaseionato and just view of this subject, nnd not bo disposed to construe a measure nf justifiable precaution made necessary by its known inability, in cxccu lion oi tno stipulations ol our treaty, lo act upon the frontier, into nn encroachment upon lis rights, or a stain unon its honor. In the moan lime, the ancient complnints of injustice, made on behalf of our citizens, arc disregarded, nnd new causes of dissat- tilnciion have arisen, some of them of r character reqtiring prompt remonstrance and ample and immediate redress- I trust, however, by tempering- firmness wih cour- lesy,and acting with great forbearance up on uvury inciocui inai nas occurred, or that may happen, to do and to obtain jus tice, and thus avoid tho necessity of again bringing this subject to the view of Cnn gross. It is mv duty lo remind vou. that no nrn vision has been made to execute our treaty with Mexico for tracing tlio boundary line belHoen tho two countries. Whatever may bo the prospect nf Mexico being soon able lo execute the treaty on its part, it is proper that wo should be, in anticipation, prepared at all times to perform our obli gations, without regard to tho probable con. dtton of those with whom wo have contrac ted them. Tho result of the confidential inquiries made into the condition and prospect of the newly declared Texan Government, will be communicated to you in the course of the session, Commercial treaties, promising great ad vantages to our enterprising merchants nnd navigators, have been formed with Ihedis tant governments nf Muscat nnd Siam. The ratifications have been exchanged, but have not reached the Department of stale; copies nf the treaties will be transmitted tn you, ifrcceived before, or published, if arri ving after, the closo of the present session of Congress. Nothing has occurred to interrupt the good understanding that has long existed with the IJarbary Powers, nor to check Iho good will which is gradually growing up in our intercourse with the dominions of the gov ernment oT the distinguished Chief of the Ottoman Empire. Information has been received at the Do. partmcnt of Slotc, that a treaty with tho Emperor of Morocco has just been nego tiated, which. I hope will be received in time lo be laid before the Senate previous to the closo of tho session. You will perceive, from the report of tho Sccielary of ho Treasury, that Iho financial means of tho country continue to keep paco with its improvement in all other respects. Tho receipts inlo iho Treasury, during tho present year, will amount to about $47, 091.803; those ftom custom being csliinatod at $2,523.151; those from lands at aboul $21,000,000, and Iho residuo from miscclla. ncous sources. Tho expenditures for all ob jects during thn year, aro estimated not to exceed $32,C00,O00. which will leave a balance in the Treasury for public purposes, on tho 1st day of January next, of about f 11,723, 9j9. The sum, with tho exception of five millions, will bo transferred to tho several stales, in nccotdanco with Iho provisions of tho act regulating tho deposites ol tho public money. Tlio unexpended bilancos of appropria. lion, on tlio 1st day of January next, are estimated at gl4.G3G 002, exceeding by 9, 030, 002, thu amount which will be left in the deposits banks, subject to the draft of the Treasurer of llie United Stntes, aflcr the contemplated transfers to tho several Status are made. If. tbcrefire, the future receipis should not be sufficient lo meet these outstanding and futuro appropria tions, there may be soon a necessity to use a portion of the funds deposited witli the States. The consequences apprehended, when the deposite act of tho last session received n reluctant approval, have been measurably realized. Though nn act merely for the deposite of the surplus moneys of tho Uni ted States in the State Treasuries for safe keeping, until they may be wanted for llie service of the General Govcrment, it has been extensively spoken of as nn act to give the money to the several stales, and they have been advised to use it ns n gift, without regard to tho means of refunding it when called for. Such a suggestion has doubtless been made without a due con siderat ion of thu obligation ufiho deposite act, and without a proper attention to the various principles and intcresls which nro affected by it. It is manifest that the Inw tself cannot sanction such n suggestion, and that, as it now stands the States have nn more autbnity lo receive and use those deposites, without intending lo return them, than any deposite bank, or any in dividual temporarily charged with tho safe keeping or application of the public monoy would now have for converting the samo to their private use, without tho consent nnd against the will of tho Govcrment. But, independently of the violation of pub lic faith and moral obligation which are in volved in this suggestion, when examined in roference to Iho terms of the present deposite act, it is believed that the consid erations which should govern the future legislation ol Congress on this subject, will bo equally conclusive against the adoption of any measoro recognising the principles 'on which tho suggestion has been made. Considering the intimate connection of1 the subject with the financial interests nf1 tho country, nnd its great Importance in whatever aspect it can bo viewed I havo bestowed upon it the most anxious reflec tion, and feel it to bo my duty to state to Cungcss such thoughts ns havo occurred to mo, to aid their deliberation in treating it in tho manner best calculated to conduce to tho common good. The experience of other nations admon ishes us lo hasten the extinguishment of tho public debt. But it will bo in vain that wo have congratulated each other up on tho disappearance of this evil, if wo do not guajd against the equally great one of promoting llie unnecessary accumulation of public revenue. No political maxim is better established than that which tells us that an improvident expenditure of money is tho parent of profligacy, and that no peo. pie can hope to perpetuate their liberties who long acquiesce in a policy which tax es them for objects not necessary to the? legitimate anil real wants of their Govern' mcnt. Flattering as is the condition of our country nt the present period, becauto of its unexampled advance in all the steps of social and political improvement, ilcan not bo disguised that their is a lurking danger already npparcnt in the neglect of this warning truth, and that the time has arrived when the representatives of tho people should be employed in dovising some moio appropriate remedy than now exists, to avert it. Under our present revenue system, thero is every probability that there will continue to be a surplus beyond the wants of tho Govermcnl; and it has become our duty to decide whether such a result bo consis tent with the true objects of our Gover ment. Should a surplus bo permitted to accu mulate, beyond the appropriations, it must be retained in the Treasury, as it now is or distributed among the people or IhrJ States. , To retain it in the Treasury, unemploy cd in any way, is impracticable- It is, be sides, against tho genius of our free insti tutions to lock up in vaults the treasure of tho nation. To take from the people the right of bearing arms, and put llieir weap ons of defence in the hands of a standing army, would be scarcely more dangerous to their liberties than to permit tho Gov crment lo accumulate immense amountf of treasure beyond the supplies necessary to its legitimate wants. Such a treasure would donilcss be employed, at some time, as it has been in other countries, when op portunity tempted ambition. To collect ii merely for distribution to the stntes, would seem to bo highly itnpolit tic. if not bb dangerous as the proposition loVetnin tl in the Treasury. The shortest rclieciion inns! eaiiely every one ihal to require the people to pay taxes to tho Gov ernment ncrely that they may bo paid back again, is sporting with the substantial in terests of the country, and no system which poduces such a result can be ex pected to recieve tho public countenance. Nothing could be gtined by it, even if such individual who contributed a portion of the tax could receive back promptly the same portion. But it is apparent that no system of '.ho kind can ever be cnlorced which will not absorb a considerable portion of the money, to bo distributed in salarios and cnmmisions lo the agents employed in the process, nnd the various losses and de preciations which arise from oilier causes; and the practical effect of such an attempt, must ever be to burden iho people with taxes, not for purpo cs beneficial to them, but lo swell the profits of deposit banks, and support a band of useless public offi cers. A distribution lo tho people is imprac ticable nnd unjust in other respects. It would be taking one man's property and giving it in another, Such would bo tho unavoidable result of a rule of equality (nnd none other is spoken of, or would be likely lo be adopted) inasmuch as thero is no mode by which the amount of the lndi vidual contributions nf our citizens to tho public revenue can bo ascertained. We know that they contribute unequally, nnd a rule therefore that would distribute equal hj would be liable to all the objections) wtch apply to the principle of an equal vision of property. To make the General Government the instrument of carrying Ibit odious principle inlo effecl, would bef at once to destroy llie means nf its useful ness, and change Iho character designed for it by the frainers of the constitution. Bui the more extended and injurious; consequences likely lo icsult from & policy which would collect a surplus revenue for the purpose nf distributing it, may be for cibly illustrated by an examination of the effects already produced by tho present deposit act. This act, although certainly designed to secure the safe keeping of the public rrvcnuo( is not entirely freo in its tendencies from many of the objections which apply to this principle of distribution. The Government had, with necessity re. ceived from Iho people a largo surplus, which, instead of being employed as here-, lofbre. and returned lu thorn by means of tho public expenditure, was deposited with sundry banks. The banks proceeded to mike loans upon this surplus, and thn converted it into banking capital ; and in this manner it has tended to multiply bank charters, and hos bad a great agency in producing a spirit of wild speculation. Tho. possession and use nf the property out of which'lbis surplus was created, belong to tho people ; but llie Government hastrans. fcrrcd its possesion tn incorporated banks, whose interest and effort it is to make large profits out nf its use. This process need only bo stated to show its injustice and bad policy. And the samo observations ripply to the influence which is produced by the steps necessary to collect ns well as tn distribute such n revenue, About three-fifths of all the duties on imports arc paid in the city of New York ; but it is obvious that tho means to pay those duties are drawn from

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