Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, March 3, 1837, Page 2

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated March 3, 1837 Page 2
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affairs at gglapstngton. THE TARIFF. In Senate, Feb. 23. The Senate proceeded lo consider the 'bill to alter and amend the act imposing dutiei on imports. The motion pending being to strike out from the list of articles made free of duty, tho item of "common salt." Mr Davis, of Mass., spoke at some length on the question, stating that he was prcpar cd to vote for reduction of the duties oti roost of the articles contained in this bill. It was said and believed however, that the country was not prepared for this measure, and ha'd no opportunity to be hrunl concor ningit; but still he hid no objection Hint trie discussion should enmo on, in order th it the people might know what limy had to look to, and what was to bo tho policy which was about lo bo pursued. Ho adver. ted to the importance nl salt as an nrliclu of necessity, almost as necessary os common nir. He reminded the Scnalo that the ar pument used in reference to gunpowder was that, in an article of such vital impor tancc n policy should bo pursued which would place tho supply above the fluctua tions of commerce. This was the argu ment which prevailed during the war, and to prove this he quoted rrsolutions nnd pro ceedings of Congress os far back as 1795, in relation to supplies of sail. These res olutions afforded every inducement to 1 lie making of salt. It must be apparent lo ev ery one that, at this time, there was grcnt distress in consequence of tho scarcity of salt, many not being oble to obtain it. Ho then reviewed the history of legislation on the subject, after the revolutionary war. In the very first act to encourage man ufactures, a duty of 04 cents was imposed, which was doubled in i lie same Congress raised to 20 cts. in 1607. and repealed tin ker the administration of Mr. Jefferson. At that time tho recollection of the suffer ings of the war had faded, ami arguments similar to those used hv ihe Senator from Missouri prevailed. Then camo the em bargo, salt rose to five dollars a bushel. In 1813 the duty of 10 cents was again impns cd, and thus continued until 1030. when ngain the recollection of past suffering fa ded. In 1030, ihe duty was reduced 5 cents per bushel, in the following year it was again reduced 5 cents, thus leaving the duty of 10 cents, where it remained until the passage of the Compromise Act. It is now, under tho operation of that act f) 1.10th cents, and will, in tho next reduc tion bo reduced to 7 cents. I lie mnnulac. turc of salt was commenced under the in vilnlion of the resolution of 1775, end has been fostered and continued under the pat. xonage of Congross. He then referred to a document of congress in 1G31, to show the amount of salt imported was about five millions, and the amount of domes-tic man ufacture was about four and a half millions. Taking along succession of years, it op. peered that the imports amounted to from four and a half to six million, and the do mestic manufacture nearly half as much. The production of the country now is about 7.000.000. The value of this property in ports have remained nearly stationary, it may be computed that the capital invested iin this article must bo ten or twelve m,l ilions. If then, after you consider all these facts, you pass this bill, you furnish a pretty fair clue to the policy which is lo bo pur. eued. In Massachusetts, salt is mostly produc ed by evaporation, being of the best quali ty, employing a capital of about two mil lions. It commenced about 1770, nnd has been carried on, more or less, varyiog with circumstances lo this day. There are from 800 to 1000 different salt works scattered along the coast of Massachusetts alone Tho question is shall this intciesl be abandoned? The duty next Fall will bo 7 percent; and shall this prop be stricken away without giving duo notice to the countrv, which is unprepared for the shock. Both tho President and the Secretary of the Treasury have declared that tins ones tion shall not be touched, ond therefore tho repeal would be the more unexpected am! injurious. It is but fair, and just, and right, that notico should be given, and that this interest should be heard, in order that due measure of justice may he dealt out. The foundation of I ho bounty to fisher, men h connected with this measure. One motive for giving that bounty was as n jubititute for salt the other was to make -the fisheries n nursery for eamen. These ,&re the two legs on which this bounty etood strike awny one, ami the other is de stroyed. Salt and the fisheries livo to gcthcr they belong to the same section of country where tho one is. there is the other. Has not the policy of this bounty to seamen been always cherished by the government, because tho fisheries are a shield between us and foreign invasion a living wall of defence. Strike down this wall and the consequences cannot be mista Jeep. Has the time come, when tho public mind imbued with avarice I hat it grudges this pittance to this class of men? It amounts to about 200.000 dollars. Take it than, and put it into your pompous Ex ploring Expedition, and nt tho fame tunc pass your landbill, and fcaltcr the Innd among the people where I hey are situated Go on with this system of hostility againr-i eamen, and see lo what ti'ie country will, in the proeeca of time, be brought. There was olive oil also, another invpnrlant item connected with tho fisheries, wi'iich tho sen. .ate bad refured to strike out. Now if these articles are necessary to tho fi-hnrios why are the eearaen lo be deprived of them. Privalege has been taken from I lien,', until .they are reduced to these two. Tho boon ty for salt and the olive oil, ami these are ,now to b ) taken away while the iron wlich igoes into their 6htpa,,niid tho canvass ;n -their sails arc (o bo protected. lie wish" d gentlemen when they thus robbed the eamen not to do it in the name of the poor. The sympathies ofthe poor are with ihe sailor. Such a sacrifice is tho Inst which the poor would demand. They do not require that the navigating interest shall be marked out for destruction, while others r cherished. He then made a cal ulalian, of the per capita tax on the poor for sil , which amounted in 3 or 4 cents per head, and for this the seamen ore to he deprived of their last privileges. Tho sea. tnun with good wages support themselves, od they especially cache w any assimila tion to the poor of foreign countries. 1 hey will be so assimilated ir their wages are re dnced, nnd the object of this measure is to cheapen labor, tu reduce the prico of wa ges, to dimmish their com'brts, moral and physical, lo strike nwny the props of res pectabihiy. and to assimilate them to the conditioner tho degraded Chinese or any other degraded population. It is said this is done to reduce the revenue. Ho acqui esced in the propriety of the object, but as ked if a more suilnbfo selection of articles could not bo found, if it was absolutely ne cessary to touch tho fisheries? If sojic would' like to hear the reasons in jiisttliea. lion. It had been alleged also, that the t ratio in salt was badly carried on that there was regrating, which moans buying and selling. Would the Senator from Mis souri send all rogratcrs here for a licence ' The conclusions of the Senator from Mis souri are in opposition lo those of practical men. Would the evil, if it bu one, he cor rected by t he repeal ofthe duty? Not so. Tho onlv true remedy is tho natural com petition in trade, and not legislative inter ference. About 4 fifths of oil the salt imported is Irom Ornish possessions; audi! thirds from England herself. Four out of five millions of sn It imported is from Great Oriton herself yet salt in Kngland is dearer than hern. It is obvious how this arises. Our great export trade to Great Oritain renders it necessary to have ballast in abundance fur return vessels, and salt is n--od for the pur pose of ballast, and thus although it coMs more in England it can be imported cheo. per than any thing else. Reference had been iniiilc to the magnanimous con duct of tho State of New York. She had taken ns much credit as she deserved- She knew how to manage her own affairs. She has a large manufacture of salt, ami she holds Ihe wrenches of the locks of her Canal and will not permit a buhcl of for eign silt to go up her Canals, without boa vy tolls, so that her own produce can be j scattered through the interior and the lakes, j The slate receives about 0 cents per bushel, which goes into her own Treasury, as eve rv bushel of foreign salt which goes up her Canal. Mr Davis repeated what he had said in J Ihe outset and course of his remark-', and added that the people who aro interested mostly in this measure are nautical men who have spent their lives on the ocean, nnd retire on these salt works. Take a woy this privilege, nnd tnkc his word for it. tlit-y will not be found to bo a complain ing race. Afier a few words from Mr. Ocnton and Mr. D.ivis in explanation Mr. Calhoun made some observations also, in favor of keeping the duty on this article anil permitting it to lake the course provided for in the Compromise Act. lie remarked with some severity on Ihe course of Mr. Van Ouren, Mr. Wright nnd their friends, concerning the tariff of 1 U 2 ft : and slated ihe rea-on which induced linn lo vote for Gen. Jackson in KS2!) which were he. cause Gen. .lacksnn was a cotton plnn'ur and nlavc holder, nnd the South therefore had a greater confidence in his intentions gentlmen, claiming for himself nnd his friends the credit of having foreseen the present condition of things tho surphi revenue the necessity of a reduction of duties nnd nil t lie collisions which have grown out ofthe intervening events. He referred to the assertion of the Secretary of the Treasury, that the act of 1!!32 hnil settled all questions concerning the tariff, and that there would he 110 surplus. On the faith of this nssurennco many gcntl iivn went homo find committed ihermolvt Out the south was not tube deceived : the southern people foresaw the surplus, nulli fied, and checked tho operation ofthe net. and the attempt to enforce that law by the bayonet was defeated by the compromise act of 1 033. M r. Orown made somo reply by way of defending General Jackson and his friends from the imputations which had been upon him by the Senator from South Carolina. lie con-idercd the payment of the public debt and the accumulation of a surplus rev enue as having rendered it impn-sible lo retain a system of high duties. The Com. promise Act, ho thought should always be treated with respect nnd not approached on Irivinl grounds. Rut as ho thought the indications in the north were in favor of more ranid reductions than llios provided by tho Compromise Act. the south in that case, would stand absolved from any obligation lo ndhcrc lo it. A still higher reason with him was the unconstitutionality of raising money by n Tariff for distribution among the slates. Ho charged southern geutlo inau with having relaxed in their hostility to I ho Tariff. Mr. Calhoun n-ked if ho was not. now voiing for a reduction of the Tariff. He hnd not the slightest failh in the intention of those who brought forward this Hill to pass it. It had been brought forward too lute in the session. Mr. Orown made some remarks in reply, in the coor.-e of which ho repeated what he had charged against Mr. Calhoun and his friends, adding that he was not lo ho deceived when miserable subterfuges wore given in reply. Mr. Cnllinun said he had learned n les son which was, not hereafier to noticu any Hung which might fall Irom tho Senator from North Carolina. Mr. Orown said, Ihero are some by whom not to he noticed would ho subject of mor lification; but there ore others, whom not lobe token notico of would bo productive ol 110 such feeling. He repealed lliat he was not to bo deceived by any miserable subterfuges. Mr. Calhoun said if the Senator inton ded to apply tho term "misornblo subter fuge" to him, he would ihrow it back in his teeth. Mr. Orown (half rising.) Ho threw il (jack with contempt. Mr. Rives said ho had not heard, in the wh-filc course of tho argument ofthe Sena lor f.'nm Mass., any thing which resolved itself info un argument, that tho repeal of ibis tax" nn salt, would be any violation of the Couiproiinso Act. 1 hat beuatnr had opposed it, as he always did, in a strain of fining aim manly sense, on the ground that it was wronjl in itself. Ho believed that tho prntcctcu' interests had never acknow ledged the validity of the Compromise Ho had not heard one of the friends of protection declare, that at tho termination of the Compromise Act, they would feel themselves tied up from proposing any new duties. That gentleman had Inst year, in his usual succinct, manner, declared that tho Compromise Act had not the sanction of his constituents, and could not be the settled policy of the country, llo nnd ro fused lo put himself on this ground, be cause ho desired to keep himself free to assort the interests of his constituents, at all times. He replied to a statement made by a Senator from S. Carnlina some days since, that the Tariff party were a majority, and Will ild ho found able to dictate laws to the Senate, that he did not believe the Tariff parly to be in tho ascendant s on the con irary, ho believed that party to be in the decline. He exprossed his helief that Mr. Van Ouren never was tho friend of high tariff duties, and referred to a speech made bv him in Albany to prove tho fact, a speech w'hich probably drew forth the instructions of the Legislature, under which ho voted for tho Tariff of 1023. In reference lo the course of Mr. Van Ouren, ho expressed his cn'iro confidence that ho would ocquit himself so as to fulfil every pledge ho had ifivno lo the country, and would sustain the domestic os well ns the foreign interests of every section of the country, lie behoved there wns no virtue in the compromise, and was willing to rid himself, ns far as ho could, of the burden. If any change had taken place, ho behoved tho Tariff parly had lost, and not gained ihe ascendancy. At the same time, he did ant wish to make a crusade against the maiufacturors. 1 1 would miard their interest-:, as the intnrcsH of Ins constituents; but ac believed that 1 hoy placed no value on '.ho compromise, nnd did not. consider il as binding upoi them : Ho believed there would be a sur plus revenue, even if the land reduction bill should pass. His own state was ore of the largest producers of salt, yet he wns wi in", in her name, to rnaUe any sacrince which might he required, hut he did not consider that this would be a sacrifice. As to Ihe interests of the people of Mass., he did not believe they would suffer injury. If they did. he should regret it: but it lliey did, it would be no more than the general interest; and ho believed every word the Senator from Massachusetts said, when he stated that they would in no case come here with whining complaints. Mr. Wright made some reply to what had fallen from tho Senator from South Carolina, 00 the subject of the Into period of the session at which this bill had been brought forward. It would be recollected that a statement had been made of the do sire to have the Land Bill first disposed of. He then gave a narrative of the course he had taken in his attempts to bring up tins bill. He then stated all tho facts connec ted with his course when he was a Repre sentative in ihe oilier Mouse in IS'JC, nnd when in conjunction with Mr. Davis, of S. O. (so,..,: ik-n.i) 1.0 l.J nUtrd 10 frame tho Tnriff reported by the Committee ol wiou thev were both members.sons to concililate tin; South as well ns the North. He repu diated the charge preferred against him of bavin" staled that he had put the article j, now fur mo validity 01 tho compromise should be altered. He gave the same weight to that law, ns ho did to any oilier law of Congress and 110 further weight. As to the surplus in tho Treasury he did not believe that it was caused by "the Tar iff of IliSSS, as represented by the Senator from South Carolina, hut entirely was at tribuled to the- unprecedented amount of revenue from tho Public Lands, Mr. Strange expressed his dissent from all the views thrown out bv the Senator Irom South Carolina. In reference lo the citizens of North Carolina they stood be low no citizens of any other Sintes of the Union. Out she hnd n right lo bj repre sented by her own Senators, and mt by tho Senators from South Carolina, wl,o, how ever ably nnd correctly they miglit repre sent the opinions of their own Stale, did not so correctly represent tho opi-iions of North Carolina. He maintained the un constitutionality of a Tariff nf protection, denied that any compromise hound the Senate to retain the duty on Salt. That the gentleman who brought forward this Hill honestly intended to carry it through ho believed, nnd also that his duty required him to vote ngainst the striking out this item. He did not think he should truly represent the people of North Carolina, if ho did not. vote for repealing this doty, Mr. Calhoun repeated what he had often said, that tho repealing of duties was always a inoro difficult process than the imposition of duties, n consideration which ought to have its weight with southern gentlemen and induce them lo he content with grad ual reduction. He reiterated that there had been unnecessary dehy in taking up tho land. It might have' been taken up immediately afier Ihe pis.igo of the Land Oill, instead of the Fortification Oil), in volving an nppruprintmn of a million nnd a half, had been mken up mil passed. He ought, ho said, to be pardoned if ho still doubted whether gentlemen on tho nlher side had not designedly revived the whole tariff di-cuision, and brought the wholo of of the industry ond capital of ihe country under the operation of congress, calculat' ing on the immense strength to bo derived from such a question. Ho repeated, that 1 lie reduction of the duly on salt, Ihe difference hniween an immediate and n gradual reduction, was not sufficient to induce him and his constituents to vote for striking out of ibis article from the list ofarticles free from duty. He again de clared that if the North 1I1J not disturb the compromise, the South would not disturb it. When Mr. Van Ouren voted for the Tariff of 1023. it was sustained by Mr Ourriu, Mr Oreuch, Mr. Inghnin, Mr Dick erson, Mr. Wooiihury, nil Tariff men, 1 rid yet it is pretended that tho vote of Mr. Van Ouren does out show hint to be a Tariff unn. If tho administration, extrnvigani ob it was, left any surplus, it ought to be reiurnoJ to Iho States, until by tho opera linn of tin) 1033, and Iho exhaustion of the public lands, iho sources of revenue shall lie dried up. Ho believed that iho money concerns of (ho country were in a statu ol inextricable confusion. Mr Oentnn made some explanation In re

ply to n reference made lo the Senators from South Carolina us being tariff men, Tho ground an winch this aseortion wa founded was that thoy voted with (unfit men. So thoy had done frequently for securing the reduction of tho tariff, at the same time tnat the same gentlemen who rnado this charge ngainst them, took tho ground that Mr. Van Duron's vote for the tariffof li)23,did not mukc him a tariff man, but that, although ho so voted, ho was an anti. tariff man. It was cvidont onough from tho tone of gentlemen that this ad ministration is going out, ond another is coming in, for it must bo in tho recollection of tho Sonata that the President himself declared the bill of 1033 a comnromise, ami that os such, it ought to bu respected. He expressed his pleasure to hear that the coininir President wns about to purstio a a policy against tho tariff and in defence of the southern institutions Hut while one priest from Ihe tripod may givu this res ponse: but perhaps if tho Senntor from Pennsylvania were in his seal aunt her priest from the tripod might make a differ ont response.. Out ho was sorry to have a medication, while tho gentlemen repelled all vague declarations, and loose obstrnc lions. He said that tho President elect would bo practically opposed lo the Tariff. Practically opposed ! Nono of your vngue distinct inns-nonc of your "judicious Tariff" No. Ont ihe President elect is lo be prac licolly opposed to iho Tnriff. If tho gen tlumcn on the other side arc anti-tariff, having such large majorities in both Hons os, why did thoy not abolish the Tariff al together? Why uo tliey let Iho poor suffer, and the rich only are protected i Mr. Rives oxplained that ho did not in tend to say that Mr Van Ouren is opposed to a protective policy. Ho merely wished to represent him ns opposed to high and extravagant duties. Out when southern ffcntlemen. entertaining the belief that all duties hr protection are unconstitutional, vote against repealing the duties, what ever tho reason thev may assign, they could not complain if they aro regarded as tariff men. Tho President elect was in favor of a tariff only to the extent required by the wants of the government, niiu in con formily with the truo interests of the coun trv. Mr Preston said every man used the same language, and therefore this explaua. tion threw no new light on the subject. Mr. Davis signified a wish to rnaUe some rcnarks in reply to what had lallen Irom irontleir.eu on the other side, and indicated willinrrneoss lo make these remarks either to niL-ht or in the morning, but beintr half oost G o'clock, Ihe Senate adjourned. Washington. February 22. The navy appropriation bill was under consideration in the House, as ongnally reported, there was a clause appropriating four hundred thousand dollars for launch ing and cquiping. the line of battle ship, Ponnsylvavia. To launch this ship.during his administration has been a favorite ob ject wiih General Jackson. When it was pretended that there was reason to nppre bond difficulties between France and the United sinica, ilm hnro threatened to send this ship after poor Johnny I'ctite. Those difficulties being at 011 end, the matter was .1 . ...... .1...:.. r unngre-s. "-" "" -a nnd a provis""' it iM'V..d-7,Vll,ii,,'"(;,w&)e navy bill. In Committee of Iho whole House yesterday, this provision was re. jeeted, This morning tho question came up on the house agreeing with the Committee in their amendments. Dr. Sutherland has been literally kicked out nf the Jackson Van Ouren puty, ami at the last election cast himself into the arms of certain "simple" wings in his district, in the hopes of ngain nbtuining a seat in Congress. To-day ho figured us this champion of the "hero of many wars." A more ridiculous, empty, mountebank speech was never delivered on the floor of the House. Sutherland has a good voice, some command of word--, nnd would bo a good debater, if his manner was not so puerile and offensive. I think he must bo well calculated 10 roar in the suburbs of the city of Philadelphia, where his inflated language, and antic trick--, may pass for argument ami oratory. Out for ihe House of Representatives, it is undig nified and repulsive. His rnnt of this day exceeded in folly any thing I have ever heard from even Dr. Sutherland. After stating, reporting, echoing, and re-echoing, tho wonder, astonishment nnd alarm which this ship would produce throughout tho civilised world, if equipped and sent to sea, ho threatened the chair man of tho Naval Committee, that if pro vision was not made for her equipment he would defeat the whole naval apprnorintion A more miserable, time-serving effort to p'lddte hack into the ranks of the party, I never beheld, hut the party will not receive him except as a hanger on, Ho is under stood by them. They have vol remain ing a largo surplus of just such honorable gentlemen, and nil ihat he can now do is, to catch hold of the skirts of Mr. Muhlen berg's garments nnd hold no, or rely upon Iho support of such vascillating and degra ded wings as aro willing to use any timber for a ladder to climb into power. In thu Whig parly ns in every other party there are such men, and defeat ought ever lo bo I lieir portion. If we cannot triumph wit li on! sacrificing our principles or sustaining trimming nnd mercenary politician-, let os nobly remain 111 ihe minority. Our influ uncos has been frittered away, for iho last six or seven years, by not only receiving, but by permi'ting our pan y, in sumo mens ore, to bo governed by discontented, am bitious and mortified adherents nf General Jackson. Il is lime that wo should fall hick upon our own Mrcngth, be that much or little, and support those great men, and t'losc only, whoso principles are in unison with our own. Away with an unhullow cd compromise. To day the President's house was opened in the admiring and Iho faithful, that they might come, eat, and bo filled from (he ureal cheese. Soon after ono o'clock the Representatives hall became thin, many ofthe hoiiornhlcs having taken French leave to visit Iho palace. When Mr. Hniherlund finished his speech, Mr. Jarvis of Manic, Chairman of thu Naval commit lee, commenced a reply. It was evident thai there was not n quorum present, Mr IFilliams, of Kentucky said he rose to a point ol order He did not believe dial 1 here was a quorum in the house, and objected to the gentleman Irom Maine pro ceeding with his rumurks, until that fuct was ascertained. On counting, it apposr- ed that thero was not a quorum. It was now past one o'clock, r rom tnat nour until three o'clock various motions were made and rejected by the House, or deci ded by the Speaker not to bo in order. A motion for a call of tho house was made several limes, but never carried. Motions to ndiourn worn repeatedly made nnd hit, Iho yeas and nays theroon being called four or live limes. 11 was mnvcu I lint the hnusc tnko a recess until four o'clock. Tho speaker decided and decided correctly, that the motion wns nut in order because there was not a quorum to trans net business. All tho house had the power to do was to enforce tho attendance of Us innmbnrs. or ndiourn. At length, niter about two hours hard labor, doing nothing the house adjourned until to-morrow morn. inir. Thus another day is wnstcu, witnoui transacting any of tho public business, to assist in the disgusting operation which was performed at the While House in de molishing the creat cheese. I was not nresent. but I have heard this evening such a description nf the assemblage and the scene as will not bear repeating. On motion nf Mr. Benton, the benatc adjourned at half past one o'clock. Shall we henr any thing more from that, quarter about neglecting the -business of tho people A. X. j. Washington, Feb, 22. More Indian Disturbances Letters have been received in this c'uy from Can tonment Leavenworth, on Missouri river, stating there were serious discontents among ihe Potowntomios, that the Whites nnd R.ed were again at variance, and that nnnrehonlions were entertained of hostili tics being immediately commenced. The PowEn of the West. Mr. Cal houn has introduced into tho United States Senate a proposition to cede the public do main to the several States in which it lies, upon certain prescribed conditions as to the time nnd mnnner ofsale, and n covenant to pay into the Federal Treasury, thirty three and a third per cent, upon all sales. This proposal was eagerly caught at by Mr. Sevior of Arkansas, but rejected by Thoma3 II. Benton. This person enter tnins lnrgo and important schemes of ambi tion. He is aiming at the Presidency and intends in a few years to grasp the whole ofthe National domain and to extinguish the title ofthe Federal Government, by the power of n Western vote in Congress The old thirteen States will be too weak to resist. The following extracts from Ben ton's speech show the extent of his views: "Wo were now within less than ihree "years of the period for taking the new "census, and after that time the Stale of "Arkansas would enjoy three or four limes "lior present wi-iglit. m ihe council ol t no "nation. Oy that tune we should probably "have three now btates: two on tne mis "sissippi, and nnc on the Gulf of Mexico "alrendy in t lie Union would bo greatly en "largod. If the Senntor from Arkansm "would but restrain his imnatience until "that period should arrive, the WeU would "settle this question nf the public lands-just "as 11. pleased, net wmtu settle tins mil "ter as they wnulil settle the Presidencti "And the older Slates must look to thorn "for both. He was nnt going to surrend er advantages like these for thirty vours "lo come, for the snke nf the proposition "now advanced. He! He who had intro "duced this measure ; he who had angina "ted il; Ic who had fought it up, was not "going to suffer himself to be foresialled "by any thirty years' bargain. In three 'years more, they could write their mtn "terms, and lay them an the table of the Sen "ate. They would be bill for, and bid deep "lyfor, by every candidate for Ihe Prcsidcn. ",- nnd no gentleman, by casting re "preaches on him, should cause him, in the "least degree, to swerve from his course. "Ho had ihti-, far been ablo to make hiin "self intelligible to his own people, and he "hoped still lo bo able to do so; nod lie "should retain his position in patience, nn "lil Missouri, instead of having two, would "have fourteen members in tho other "House." LATEST FROM FLORIDA. There was a report received in this city by the Express mail of Sunday, and which we received in common wit h others, lhal Oseola had surrendered. We did not publish it, because the same express mail brought us later news contradicting that report. The following, by yesterday's express mail, is tho latest news from that quarter that can bo at k 11 relied upon: jYat. Int. FROM THE SOUTHERN PATRIOT EXTRA, Febuarv 17 We are indebted to Colonel H. Stanton, lato Adjutant General of tho Army of ihe South, who arrived hero Ibis forenoon in iho steamer Charlston, Captain King, from Gary's Ferry, on his we v from Head.Quar ters to Washington with despatches, for tho following inforinaniion : General Jksup returned with the main body of his army to Fort Armstrong from his late excursion in the heart ofthe Indian country, having, in tho course of the ex pedition, effected Iho surprise, on the 34th ult.. of the chief Cooper, in his strong hold. CoopEit, Ins sun, and an inferior chief called Eucuu Charley, and another Indian, were killed. Conpeii's family, with snrno 15 or 20 women and children, were captured un the 27ih ult. A detach incut fell in with a party of Indians -and negroes, who fled into tho Big Cypress Swamp, an impenetrable morass. They wuro pursued by 0 party of marines under Col. IIemierson, and a number of Creek Indians; a skirmish ensued, which resulted 111 our losing 2 marines killed and 3 woun ded, tho enemy lost 2 killed. They were pursued until dark, when the party returned lo head-quarters, having cnplured from 30 to -10 Indian negroes, men, women, and children- About 100 pomes, 50 of which wore ladened with packs, and 1,400 head of entile, were taken on tho 27th and 20th ult. From tho declarations of priioners, it was behoved that tho Indians wore desi-j rous of peace, upon the terms ofthe late treaty. One of them was despatched with a message from Gen. J. to the chief (Jurt PEn.) that, if desirous of peace, he nnd the other chiefs in the neighborhood could come in and hold a talk upon the subject. The messenger returned tne lottowing day and stated that ho had seen AnruitAM, who informnd him that Jumper could be found in the course of the following day ; thot ho (Auraham) would see him, ond communi cate General J's. message. The messen ger was Bent out the following day, and re. turned accompanied by Abraham, who stated that Jumper, owing to ill health, had been unable to come in with him, but would come in on tho 29th. On that day an officer of tho general staff was sent out to meet chiefs Jumper, Ar.r.inATon, Abra ham, and two subordinates, who were con ducted to within half a mile ofthe army, where they encamped, and where Gen. Jb sup met tlicm. In his talk with them, he staled that if they were desirous of peaces on the conditions of fulfilling the lalo trea ty, it would be granted I hem. Jumper stated, in his reply, that no nau no authority for entering into terms, as the power of deciding lor peace or war was vested in MicANorr, the principal chief, lo wborn ho promised faithfully to report their proceedings. Mo expressed himself favor able to peace, as did also the chief Ai.i.i' gator. Tho party of hosliloo wore visited by several of the friendly Creek chiefs, and they were decidedly of opinion that the hostiles were for peace. Jumper and At.. mgator promised to send out runners im mediately to the different war parties with orders to suspend hostilities until the 10th 111st., as that day was appointed for a gen eral council at Fort Dade. Murder nv a Drunkard. James1 Ilamar, an Englishman, has been commit ted to the County .Toil in Newark, by Den nis Clark, Esq, of Rnhway, for having kil led his wife on Saturday night. Both husband ami wife were notorious drunkards and during a quarrel on Saturday evening Humer bent bur violently on the head with a pail from the yard fence, itficr which he went into the cellar of the house deliber ately to chop wood to burn! A coroner's inquest was held and after some dehbera. tion a verdict of manslaughter was return ed ihe jury supposing lliat ns tho murder wns commuted in a drunken bout, that was the cale-a return to make. A nail was found driven into her head, probably from the end of ihe pail. FOREIGN ITEMS. Our countryman, Forrest, appear to be upon the flood tide to fame and fortune. His appearance on the English boards has been a continued scene of triumphs, unpro. ccdcntcd in the history of the stage. A laic number of the Liverpool Standard holds the following language ; Ho appears to ns to possess united in his person all the requisites of a great actor ; & beautiful, athletic, and fine figure, a deep nnd sonorous voice capable of much sweet, ness and pal bus, ns of terrific power in tho wntriwmo 01 pa-sion, a Signified ond calm depnrtment, pefeel knowledge of all the workings of tho pa-sion-J, and a forco and truth in their depiction which wo havenev er seen surpassed. His reading of iho character of Virginms is quite original, ami no less so than true lo nature. Pas-ages were occasionally given with a beauty and strength of expression winch at once de lighted and electrified the audience. We involuntarily exclaimed when uo loft th theatre. "Wo never aw Virginms before." At ihe conclusion ofthe play, Ihe clapoing of hinds and applause was continued till Mr. Forrest made his appearance wullfod across tho front of tho stage, bowed, and retired. The audience so great was tho pniliusiasin simultaneously rose nnd gave him three distinct cheers.' The housewi 4 crowded. MAaTiNiaun Tho following U an extra it from tho Si. Vincent Gazultp, givinj; no ai cuunt of a deplorable event which recontly toolt place in Mnrttniquo : "About nine o'clock, yesterday, a most mel ancholy circiimstanco happened by which many lives were lost, some of them rospocta. bio characters. A warm spring having lately been discovered running between two high rocks in tho heights near Prccheur.at tho north end ofthe hay, whno medicinal proper ty wis found to hu a spceific cleanser against cutaneous disnrdersl hr.s oflalo been much ro. sorted lo by all classes as a bathing place, who daily experience its salutary effects. From somo cause not yet ascertained, but du ring a heavy roll of thunder in tho mountains, with rain, the bed of Iheso locks burst forlb, bringing down sand, stones and rocks of all sizes and descriptions, ovei whelming every one within il influncc. Several bodies cut and mangled in a horrid manner, have been got out; but many moro aro still supposed to bo covered up. Madanio Larosicro, wife of the oolloctor, was one ; lior iwo children, nearer tho edga nf ihe stream, miraculous escaped ; an interesting young lady was to much disfigured, that she could only bo ri cognized by the ring on hor finger. An oxan. iuation has taken placo. by which it appears a A-aier spout ti.ni Durst in llio mountains, S,.,ml nflli,, IV,. 1 ,. ,1 cipal umiiics, nas caused a deep and moui! fill sensation. One poor girl w.is found eel crcu up 10 1110 com anu mscovoicu uy a nJr. son passing some lime after bv her groailis; she was dug out but 1 donl known if sho IvjU survive. Frosi G da oa loupe. Tho Charleston 1 rierofthu 14th inslant sn-s--"Cnp. P. Co. hart, ofthe Pruned bark Theodore, arrived at this port la.-t weolt from Guadalnupo, infi'irnis us thai al lil o'clock at night, nf tho liJth of last month, being then in lot, 22, Ion. G8, a noise Minilar lo (hat of .111 earthquake was hoard distinctly by hiinsolf, crow and pisson. gers, ami the vessel tumbled considerably for about Uvonly seconds--Iho sound cami from S. E, Several weeks before Ins loavinGua. dalnupo, Iho mountain called 1. 11 Sruffrior, (a volcano) had boon throwing smofo and ashrs to thu distance of four miles, hrough two now cralors, formed on tho nolh-west side. Captain Cohort and his passengers, all inhabitants of Guudrloupo, are of opinim that an earthquake mint have taken place 0 thai island, or in tho neighborhood of it, They woro at tho lime 350 miles north-wost (fit. Tho Montreal Cnurior estimates that during the year 1030, 500,000 bush Is of wheat woro sent from Canada to tho Jni ted Stales.