Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, April 7, 1837, Page 2

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated April 7, 1837 Page 2
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n Culture at the outset is prevented. But r...i!.... i !.... mu. ! lo undertake tho trnublu of conversing Wllh us. It is perfectly eny to (.how, nt t li r moment ol being addressed, that wn ore socially disposed, nnd grateful for being made companions ; and I, ul least, feel the pleasure to be grrcter for its having been offered inc. I think it host for 03 to give up also on dortnkinga and occupations in which wo cannot uark mid check our own failures ; teaching any thing which require cnr. preaching, nnd lecturing, nnd music. I gavo up music in onpositiou to much en treaty, some reproach, nnd strong secret in. clinntionj because I knew that my friends would rather put up with a wrong bass in my playing, and false lime in my singing, thim deprive inn of n resource. Our prin ciple clearly forbids this kind of indulgence; therefore, however confident wo may be of our musical car, let us be quite suro that wo shall never again bo judges of our own music, or our own oratory, and ovoid nil wish of milking others suffer needlessly by our privations. Listen to no persunsions, denr companions, il you arc convinced that what I havo said is right. No one can judge for you. Ho thniiklul for the kind intentions of your friends: but propose to enjoy their private eloquence, instead of ottering your own in public; and please you'sclvcs with their music, as long as you can, without attempting to rival it. These ore matters in which we have a right to be obstinate, if wo are suro of the princi ple we go upon; for we are certainly much better able lo judge what will bo for the happiness of our friends, in their common circumstances, than they can be of ours, in our uncommon ones. How much less pain there is in calmly estimating the enjoyments from which wo must separate ourselves, of bravely saying, for once and for over, "Lot them go," than in feeling them waste and dwindle, till their very shadows escape from our grnsp! With the best management, there is quite enough, for some of us. of this wasting and dwindling, when we find, at the close of each sosson, that we are finally parting with something, and at tho beginning of each that wo have lost something since the last. We miss first tho song of tho sky lark, and then tho distant nightingale, nod then one bird allor another, till Die loud thrush itself seems to have vanished j and we go in the way of every twittering un der the eaves, because we know that thai will soon be silenced too. Jim I need not enlarge upon this to you. I only mean to point out ihc prudence of lessening this kind of pain to the utmost, by making a considerable effort at first ; and the most calculating prudence becomes a virtue, when ii is certain that as much must nt best bo gono through ns will afflict our friends, and may possibly overpower our selves, our temper and deportment, if not our principles and our affection. I do not know how sufficiently to enforce these sacrifices being made with frankness and simplicity; and nothing so much needs enforcing. If our friends were but nware how cruel an injury is the fnlso delicacy which is so common, they would not en courage our false shnnio as they do. If they have known any thing of tho bondage of ordinary false shame, they may imagine something of our snrTring in circumstan ces of irremediable singularity. Instead of putting tho singolnriry out of sight, they should lend us to acknowledge it in words, prepare for it in habits, nnd net upon il in social intercourse. If they will not a'sist us here, we ir.ust do it for ourselves. Our principle, again, requires tins. Thus only can we save others from being uneasy in our presence, and sad when they think of us. That we can thus alono make our selves sought and beloved is an inferior consideration, though on important one to us, to whom waimth and kindliness arc as peculiarly auiointing r.s sunshine to the caged bird. This frankness, simplicity and cheerfulness can only grow out of a per. feet acquiescence in our circumstances. Submission is not enough. Pride fails at the most critical moment. Nothing short of acquiesenco will preserve the uni ted consiMericy and cheerfulness of our acknowledgement of infirmity. Submis sion will bemoan it while making it. Pride will put on indifference while making it. But hearty acquiescence cannot fail to bring forlhchoerfulness. The thrill of de light which arises during the ready agree ment lo profit by pun (emphatically tho joy with which no (.(ranger intermeddleih) must, subside lifcu all other emotion.-.; but it does not depart without leaving the .Gpiril lightened nnd cheered; and every visitation leaves it in a more genial state than the last. And now. what may wo st niggle for? I dare say tho words of the inorali-l lie ns deep down in your henris ns in my own; "Wo must not repine, hut wcniay lawful 1) struggle!" I go further, ami say that wo nre hound lo druggie, our principlo re. -quires it. H'e moot eirugglo for whatever may bo had, without encroaching upon the comfort of othore. With this limitation, wo must hear all wo can, fur cs long as wo can. Yet how few of us will use the helps va might liavo! lluw boldom is a deaf pcrsoni to he seen with n trumpet! 1 should have lieen diverted, if I had not been loo much vexed, nt the variety of ox cuses thai I have heard on this head since I have boon much in society. The trumpet makes the sound disagreeable; or io of no use; or it is not wanted in a noise; nor in -quiet, because wo hoar very fairly in quiet or we think our friends do not like H ; or wo ourselves du not care for it, if it docs not enable us to hear general conversation; or -a hundred other reasons just ns good. Now, dear friends, believo mo, these are but excuses. I have tried them all in turn, and I know them lo bo Bo. Tho sound aoon becomes any thing but disagreeable; and the relief to the nerves, arising from tho uso of such a help, is indescribable. None but iho totally deaf can fail to find porno kind of trumpet that will bo of use to lliom. it they chooso lo look for it prop crly, and give il a fuir triul. That ii i. not wanted in a noise is usuallv truo: bui wo are seldom in a noiso ; and quiet is our greatest enemy (next to darkness, when me piay ot mo countenance is lost to us ) in reject a icio-a-ioio in comfort bo cause the same moans will not afford us tho pleasure of general conversation, is not very wiso. is it? Ab for tho fancy, irmi our menus uo noi IIKO it, it 13 u mis take, and a BcriotM mistake. I can vpenk nniitti ,.nt v of this. Rv ill" moans o! galvanism (which I do not, Iron) my own cxporinnce, recommend) I uncu near ly recovered my hearing for a few weeks. It wns well worth while being in a sort of nervous fever during those weeks, and more deaf than ever afterwards, for the cnlii'littnent which I gained during the in terval on various subjects, of which the one that, concerns us now, is the toil thai our friend undergo on our account. Thi is I ho last topic on which I should sneak to you, but for the prevalent iinwilliugne-s in our fraternity lo uso such helps ns may case tho lungs of all around them as much ns thnirovvn nerves. Of course, my friends could not suddenly nccommudalo their spccch.to my improved hearing; and 1 was absolutely shocked when I found what off iris has been making for my sake. I vowed that I would never again bestow an unkind thought on their natural mis takes, or he restive under their innpplt cable instructions; and, ns for carrying a truoipot, I liked it no bettor llinn my brethren till then; but now, if it would in any degree ease my friends that I should wear o tool's cap and bolls, 1 wouiu oo u. Any of you who may have had this kind of experience, arc, 1 should think, using trum. pets. I entreat those of you who have not been so made aware of your slate, to tnkc my word for what you arc obliging your friends to undergo, you know thai wo can ho no judges of the degree of ef fort necessary to make us hear. Wo might as well try to echo tho skylark. I speak plnlnly, it may seem harshly; but I am sure you would thank me ere long if I could persuade you to encounter this one struggle to make the most of your rem nant of one of God's prime blessings. Another struggle must be to seize or to make opportunities for preserving or recti fying our associations, as far ns they arc connected with the sense which is imper feet. Hunger and thirst after all sounds that you can obtain, without trouble to others, and without disturbing your own temper; and do it the more strenuously and cheerfully, the more reason you have to apprehend thu increase of your intimi ty. The natural desiro to obtain as much pleasure as wo can, while we can, would prompt us to this; but my appetite was much sharpened during the interval I spoke of; ns yours would be, if you had such nn interval. I was ili-mayeil to find, not, only what ab.-urd notions I had formed mi some small points, but how ina'crinlly some very important processes of association i had been modified by failure of Iho sense of hearing. In consequence of iho return and increase of the infirmity, I have now no distinct notion of what these intellectu al fnultsuro: but the certainty then im- pressed that they exist, has taught me j more than oeo lesson, I carry about with me the consciousness of an intellectual perversion which I can never remedy in this world, and of which neither 1 nor any one else can o-cerlain the extent, nor even tho nature. This does not nffl ct me, be cause it would be as unreasonable to wish it otherwise, as lo pray for wings which should carry us up to the milky way; but it has stimulated me to dovHo every possi ble means of checking and delaying the perversion. Wo ought all to do so ; lo sin'' no onixirtunilv ot associating sounds Willi other objects of sense, nnd o ion every breal Ii of sound that pa Wo should nolo sireel cries; wt entice children to talk to us; we catch should should linger in the neighborhood of barrel or gans, and go out of our way to wall; by u dashing stream. We cannol tell how much wisdom wo may at last find ourselves to have gained, by running out nmong the trees, when the quick coming and going of tho sunshine I ells us thai the winds are abroad. Home day will show in from how much folly the chirp of an infant's voice may have saved us. I go so far as to rec ommend, certainly not any places of wor ship for purposes of experiment, but oilier r-ccuos for public speaking, even when "the sough of words without tho sense" is all that can be had. The human voice is mu sic. and carries sense, even then; and every tone is worth treasuring, when tones are likely to become scarce, or to cease. You will understand that il is only to those who can rule their own spirits that I reeom mend such an exercise as this last. If you cannot bear lo enjoy less than the people about you, and in a different manner; or if you neglect what yon came for, iu iiiourn ing what von have lost, you ore belter a. homo. Nut lung is worth the sacrifice of your repose of mind. What else may wo struggle for? For far more in the way of knowledge than I can now even intimate. I nm not going to make out, ns some would have me, thai we lose nothing after all; that what wo lose in oni! way we gain in annther, nnd so on; pursuing a hue of argument equally infilling to our own understandings, and to the wisdom and benignity of linn who framed that curious instrument, the car, and si rung tho chords of its nurves, and keeps up tho perpetual harmonies of tho atmosphere for its gratification. The ear was not made that men should be happier without it. To attempt to persuade you so would above all ho folly, lint, in some sense, there is a compensation to us, if wo chouse to accept it ; and it is to improve tins to the utmost that I would urge you and stimulate myself. We have dome 'ac complishments which wo may gratefully acKiinwludge, while the means by which we gain thoin must prevent our being proud of them. We are good physiognomists good percnivers in every way, and have (if wo aro not idle) rather tho advantage over others in tho power of abstroct reasoning. This union of Iwo kinds of power, winch in common cases are often cultivated ot ut tho expense of each other, puts a con sidnrablo amount of accurate knowledge within easier reach of us than of most other people. We must never forget what a vast quantity wo must forego, but neither must wo loso sight of whatever is peculiarly within our power. Wo liavo ninro time, too, than any body else : moru than tho la ziost lordling, who does nothing hut lot his ears be filled with nonsonso from morning till night. The vory busiest of our fra ternity has, I should think, time every day for as much thought as is good fur him, be tweon the hours of rising nnd of rest.. Theso advantages make it incumbent upon us to Btrugglo for such compensation as if placed ucforo us. Wo miibt tut our solves to gather knowledge from whatovor we fee nnd touch, and to digCft it into wis- dom duriii" tho extra linn which la our j privilege. What tho sngo goes out into iho field nt eventide to seek, wo can have nt luble, or in the thronged streets nt nnon day opportunity for mcdilnlion, one of the chief menus of wisdom. If lo us the objects of sight are mora vivid in their beauty, nnd more distinct in their sugges tions than to others if to us thcro is grnn ted moru leisure, nnd stronger inducement to study the movements of the mind within, from us may bo expected a degree of cur tain kinds of attainment, in which il is ns much of a sin as a misfortuno for us to be deficient. Finally, wo, liko all who arc placed in uncommon circumstances, aro so situated that our mental and moral constitution can scarcely fail of being either very weak or verv strong. If wo ore dull or slow of observation, and indolent in thought, tlioro is little chance of our being much wiser than infants; whereas, if we arc acute nnd and quick of observation (and for us there is no medium) and disposed for thought, nothing is likely to prevent our going on to bo wiser continually. In like manner, there is an awful alternative a to our mor. nls. If wo cannot stand our trial, we must become selfish in principle, sour in temper, and disagreeable in manners. If wo nru strong enough for our discipline, wo can not fall to come out of il with principles strengthened, affections expanded, temper under control, and manners graced by the permanent cheerfulness of a settled mind and n heart ot ease. If you can make this last your lot, you liavo little more to fear. If vou liavo stood this proof, you can pro. bnbly stand any which comes in t he shape of affliction. If vou have brought vigur out of this conflict, you are not likely to be unnerved. If, in your enforced solitude, you have cultivated instead of losing your sympathies, yon can scarcely afterwards grow selfish. If, as your enjoyments were failing you, you hayo tmproveil your screni tv. vour cheerfulness will probably bo ho y'ond the reach of circumstances. The principal check which must be upon those happy anticipations, is Iho fear that while I ho privation cannot bo lessened, tho pain of it mav disappear loo soon and loo nn. tircly I now suffer little or no pain from inv "nrivntion fexcept at moments when comparisons nre forced upon mo before I Mil ready for thcni"; and I cannol help dreading a self.decept ou, to avoid winch I would giadlv cluliire over again an I nave suffered. I liail infinitely rather bear the porix'tunl some of privation than becune unaware of anything that, is truo of my intellectual dofioiuncio-', of my disqualifies, lions for society, of my errors in nutters of fact, and of the burdens which 1 ncccssari y impose on those who surround mo- Aly dependence for being reminded of these things is, not on those who incur trouble nod sacrifice for my sake, but on the few occasional mortifications which I still meet with, and which are always welcomed for tho nU.. (' ilmir ninen. Wo can never get beyond tho necessity of keeping in run view liie worst and ihe best that can be made of our lot. The worst is, either lo sink under iho trial, or to be made callous by il. The best is. lo bo as wise as is pes. 1 sibln under great disability, and as happy us is posiblo under a great privation. Believe me, with deep respect, Your nficciinnate sister, HARRIET MARTINEAU. March IG, 18J-1. SAYINGS AND DOINGS IN LEGIS LATURES. The choicest tit bit that wo find nmong our Legislative scraps claims for its master no less a distinguished "indiwidooal'1 than one ofthc members returned a- represcnta. live for the county of Phtlade'phia, iu the Pennsylvania Legislature. 1'ho occasion on which he gave utterance to the nil pow. erful burst of eloquence, and manifested how deep ho had drunk oftho wells of Eng land undofilod, was the bringing forward a bill in the House of Representatives fur the incorporation ofthc Philadeldhia Ice Com paw. The Pennsylvania Sentinel thus reports the "indiwidnonl's" remarks. "Mr Speaker I have n few words more to say on this subject. My colleague (Mr. English) has said I hat this here hill is not opposed to the interests of iniliwidnoals." (Mr English explained : He had not uscil the phrase which fell from tho member he said "individuals") "Well Mr Speaker. I say indi widooals. That there indiwidooal (Mr English) tells ih that this bill to gather ico won't hurl indiwidooal enterprise. Is there an indiwidooal in ibis house that will be deceived by llns? Hero aro ICO iudi widooals npplying for a charter to galliot ice, and yet the indiwidooal thai has just spoken would have us believe thai ibis charter dont interfere with indiwidoual en terprise. If tliii'nnt monopoly I would like iho indiwidooal lo pint il out. I for one iu iliwidnual nm opposed lo charters (o indi widooals, for indiwidooal advantage.' WhiUt the Pcnutylvunia legislators have been looking out for the Ice, those of Ac to York have not been unmindful of tho ,1r dent; as wo find from the following record of what transpired not long since in the Assembly. "Mr. Van Tnyl, from the committee- on trade and manufactures, to which was ro furred tho petitions of Inspectors, Mer chants, and Don lora in Domestic Spirits, ro ported that they have had and held the same under consideration for a long time, with tho hope that those Inspectors would make their annual Reports, iu obedience to

the revised stniutcs, from which tho com mittee inighi judgo ofthc propriety of gran ling their prayer: but us tho statue has been disregarded, the commit too was only informed thai thu inspectors ask a specified compensation for "proving," "guugiug," "taking out," "differences," "making," "storting and "replacing bungs," &c. As for tho matter of "proving," thu comniitteu feel no great solicitude, as an adulterated article will prove Icps do6lructivo lo humm life. The "guaging" is woll enough, hut , as lo the "outs," tho mote that is out the bettor. Tho committee might not object to pay thu Inspector for "starling bungs" if they did not also ask pay lor "replacing" them. Under nil the circumstances, the committee think the prayer ol the petition ers should bo denied." It affords us pleasure to Bny, that whilst some oftho Acio York guardians are nar rowly watching man's worst enemy, others nre manifesting a duo regard for tho rights of his best friend, ns will be scon by n peru sal of the subjoined notico of a bill introdu ced into the Assembly, by Mr. Horttell, "for the protection of and prcscrvction of the rights of marriid women" By the first section, tho properly, bMh reul nnd personal, belonging to any woman at the time uf her marriage, after the pas sage oftho net, shall continue to bo vested iu her the sonic- os before her coverture, and the income of her estato shall not enure to tho husband, during the lilo of Iho wife, without her consent. By Iho second sec tion, the husband is entitled to so much of his wife's property, at her death, as by the laws of thu State the widow is now entitled to at the time of Ins demise in other words, he shall have dower." Endless is the variety of subjects that is constantly being brought forward for the sanction and approbation of Legislatures. Thcro seems to bo scarcely any thing too high to bo above their consideration, noth ing loo low to be beneath their notice. We see that in the MAim.ANi) House on iho 'it ii inst, an order was submitted by Mr Hardcastlo, requesting the Governor to or der the National Flag to bo hoisted on the State House nnd a salute to be fired at 12 o'clock that day, in celebration of the Inau. juration of Martin Van Buren, as President of thu U. States; tho order was amended so as to read, iu celebration ofthc Inaugu. ration of the President and Vice President of the United States. It gave rise to some discussion and was finally rejected by a vote of 40 to 29. Some oftho followers of ihe Greatest and Best knowing full well how much he delights in republican simplicity, proposed unking n manifestation of it iu tho Pe.nn syi.v.vvia Senate; not by the aristocratic hoisting of a flag, but the extremely modest anil unpartizan act of reading the farewell address of second Washington, and of en tering it on their Journal. This business, of such vast importauco to the best interests of their constituents, we brought forward upon tho inotioh of Mr Dickey called for the reading. Mr. Burden sarcaitically moved to amend the amendment, by adding the Inaugural ad dress of Muniii Vnn Buren, Mr Toland wished to amend the amendment by ad uing iho hellers ot Nicholas Diddle to John Q, Adams, and gave as his reason, that he understood the burden ol the ad dress was an attack on the Uank, and the and antidote ought to go together. Mr. Purvianco was in favor of adding tho letter of Senator M'Kean on expunging. Mr. Carpenter fearing that these documents would niako sad work with Jackson's ad. dress withdrew his motion. That, portion of tho House, constituting ,'thc party," profiting probably by the ex perience of t lie i r fellow laborers in the Senate, instead of broaching the matter during the sitting oftho House, assembled in the evening, after the regular adjourn met if that body listen to the reading of Ihe farewell, and ordered 10,000 copies of it lo printed for the benefit of the faithful. The Maine Legi.-lature, as we learn by llio subjoined aricle taken from tho Port nnd Advertiser, lias also been occupied about a Irghly momentous concernment. " The liberal and enlightened spirit, ns well as I he profound sajaeity and wisdom of our Logiilal nre, will bo the subject ol wonder and admiration of ages to come. Future generations will look back with unbounded gratitude lo thai sage and pa triotic body of legislators, who with so much foresight and tlioiightfiilness for the rights nnil interest of the people in 1037, so manfully fought against those monsters in legal form, aristocratic vvmopolis, vile corporal ions bulb private and public, par, ticularly the former, who club themselves together for the purpose of improvemciiit in Sacred Music. The editor of the Ken. nebec Journal seems to have thu right idea about these matters. As woll as our legis lators, he sees afar off i ho impending dan ger, anil in allusion lo tho net petitioned fir by the Portland Musical Society, thus describes its probable effects ; "Il may be nppreheded tint this corpor ation will monopolize all the bass viols, organs nnd psalm books in tho country, and that singers on a small capital will never bo able to make themselves heard. Nay, it is not improbable that the corpo ration will be placed under the direct ion of soma Nick Biddlo of psalm singing, some real "screamer on Iho pitch pipe," who will break down all the singers and fid dlers in n small way, and bring the mu sical world of Portland to tho brink of ruin. Nor is this tho worst ; the bill does not re quire that company shall sing only on their land ; they have u right to go through the State, huv all the meeting houses and fill all tho galleries with tho train bands of their own "ehartorud monopoly," Such a Behemoth of Iho tinging hooks, such n soulless musical monster must not be on dured and wo know we shall relievo the anxiety of thousands by informing them, thai il has been slam bv the Sknatk. "Sincu ihe obnve was in type, wo learu that our sago civil 'fathers of tho Senate, have mustered sufficient firmness to over como their cautiousness so far as to pass the uiu iu uu cii"rosscu Lhc London Quarterly Review for Do cumber, contains several interesting arti cloa, and one or Iwo of no particular mer it. Tho most important article is on the English Factory System, which is hero ox hibitcd ns pregnant with evils, physical and moral, as a monster more tyranical and cruel than West India slavery before the introduction of the apprentice system Such an exposure as is here made must result in one or two things ; either Ihe sys tem must bo so corrected by the Parlia ment as to remove its objectionable fea tures, or thn English uatiuii will nppca' to the world in n most unenviable light, foi expending their sympathies on black slaves at home. But we cannot suppose that the enormity will conlinno much longer, as il is too revolting to every feeling of human A Touching- Vai.kdictouv. The editor oftho Hamilton Frco Press, in Upper Can ada, being compelled to relinquish the pub. lication of his paper for want of support) bestows a parting-blessing upon his friends and his party, in the affecting words that follow, viz. "Instead oftho support which was prom, iscd by I ho reformers, I have met with tho most insulting neglect, whilst some arc ma king false assertions and empty boastings, 'Willi every third word a lie, more religious ly paid than the l urk's tribute, regarding what they have done lor the Free Press. In ono of the ancient Greek Republics in gratitude was punished by death. If the same law prevailed in Upper Canada, the heavens would be darkened by the cense- less smoke ot the hecatombs of reroruior-(, which would be offered ns an atonement for outraged feeling. Ample experience con vinccs me of t lie intrinsic wortlilcssuess of those who designate themselves reformers; and, henceforward, anv one who wastes his tunc and energies in the ungrateful task of supporting their cause, will be to me an ob joct of pity. If they possessed a tithe of the spirit which characterizes the opposite party, lo state their wrongs would be to"rc- dress them. But, void ol principle, talent and energy, they de3orvo lo live anil die despised and unpiliud slaves. Their miser able crouching to those who have pal run age to bestow, and the facility with which thoy can bo influenced, through their vanity and venality, mark them as fit objects for tho chain and the fetter. I shall ever do plorothall have spent some of the most valuable years of my lite, struggling for lib erty for those who are too ignorant to know its value, and too base to enjoy it if ihoy did. Let Ihcm hug their darling abomina tion, meanness of spirit nnd sordid thirst for pelf, and drivi'l nut Ihcir stingy exist ence, secure of the utlor contempt with which every man will regard them, who knows them as well as dncs "W.M. SMITH." The caso of Mr. Smilh is not singular, nor is tho cold neglect of partisans to per form their promises to the press peculiar to Upper Canada. JV. Y. Com. Jldv. The Washington Correspondent of tin Now York Express gives some now par ticulars of a scene in the recent session of Mr. Lincoln, compelled Mr. Gillet and Abijah Mann, to confess under the alter native of instantaneous personal chastise ment, that they were not the authors of a lying, auusivo report, brought in by tho partisan mnjorrily of Iho Committee. Up on probing the matter il nppearcd, that no other than Reuben JI. Ifhitneu the noto rious, was the author of this precious doc ument. The following is the account of the affair : Tho majority of that Committee, cosis ting "o the whole hog" thorough bred "Royalists," brought into the Committee room and read as a report, reflecting with great severity upon the conduct and coii'so of t tie minority, Mu-srs. Wise, Campbell and Lincoln. Lincoln, who is a Yankee and n very mild prudent man, was roused by thu outrageous and personal reflection thrown out against himself anil Messrs. Campbell and Wise, iu the report of the Royalist majority men. He rose from his seat, and addressed Gillel who had Iu'en the most scurrilous amongst them, and de manded upon the spot thai ho should re tract every thing lie had said or written n gainst the minority of the Committee Gillet trembled and shook like an aspi-n leaf, and protested thai ho did not wrile t lie report- Mr. Campbell of S. C. feel ing equally indignant, locked the door of t ii o committee-room, puling tho key into his "breeches pocket," uml avowed his do termination to hold each member oftho majority ofthc Committee persouallyrcspon sible, unless the ofl'-'iisivo language of the report was immediately stricken out, where upon each member of the majoriy denied having written the report ; when Mr. Lin coln compelled Mr. Gillet nnd Mr. Abijah Maun who had before "fathered" tho re port, to give up the nameof the author when lo and behold ? it turns out lo bo Reuben M. Whitney. It is scarcely necessary for mo to say that tho offensive part of the ro port was stricken out. Mr Lincoln, in his history of Worcester gives the following specimen of the cnor getic confessions which wcro published in tho newspapers ofthc revolutionary era : "Whorns, I, the subscriber, signed an address to tho lato Governor Hutchinson, I hnd seen it Marblchead, Oct 24, 1774. John Prentice." Rich and Poor. The Augusta Chroni cle alluding to Jackson's Farewell Address, makes the following sensible remarks on the mannor in which ho has gulled the poor and caught their votes. They aro begin ning now to open thoir eyes and cars want pinches them- There is a vein of demagogue-ism which pervades tho whole document, about the rich and poor tho laboring classes ,&c. Wo oursulves aro as poor as tho most of people, and work us hard tomako n liv ing.but wo detest and despise that hypocrit. ical cant, fashionable now a days which is over full of professions of lovo and regard for tho pour, while it never puts a penny iu their pockets, or brings a loaf of beard to their mouths. Wo look upon it as the first evidonco of a paltry demagogue, to hear a man always preaching his special love for Iho poor and we havo always felt less con- fidonce in the stability of our institutions In proportion, ns wo hnvo seen tho peoplo gulled and deluded by such specious pro fessions. All the tyrants who have overthrown the repulics ol tho world, have sung siren songs to tho people and the poor. Fvon Robespierre, tho greatest and the blood., iest of all tyrants, could prcuch as prelly a homily to the poor as any of the dema goguus oftho present day, nnd perhaps within twenty-four hours afterwards, or dered a score of those same dear people to the scaffold, Salmon versus sermon. A clergyman in Porths shire, who was more skillful as an angler than popuhr ns a preacher, having fallen into conversation with some of his parMioncrs, on the benefiits of early ri sing, mentioned, as an instance, that ho had thai very morning before breakfast composed a sermon and killed a salmon nn achievement on which he plumed himself gleatly. "Awecl, sir," observed ono of iho company, "I would rather have your sermon." AGRICULTURE. Il is a lamentable fact, that tho people of this country, for several years past, havo paid loo iiuio ailcnlion to agriculture, and as a consequence Ihoy aro now compelled to roly upon tne supplies Irom lorcign maiKcls. Thcro has been to') great a desiro among tho peoplo ot this country to becomo suddenly rich . Thoy in consequence have devoted their at tention to manufactures and commerce, and liavo been caught by a llionsand idle specula tions, which havo promised the realization of uninensu wcalih. I armors Uavo bcon induced to leave thu Atlantic Slates, becauso their badly managed farms did not produce as much an they desired, nnd emigrated to tho west will) thu most sanguine anticipations of becom ing suddenly rich, ('euro not content with the moderate but sure gains which arc obtain ed by agriculture, and arc ready to embark in any scheme, no matter how hazardous, which will promi-o a speedy return for lhc capital in vested. We aro now feeling severely thn effect of such iinprovidqncc, and with a rich, fertile, add widely extended country, and wilh mil lions of acres of uncu llivatcd land, wo import from Europcaan sUlcs, whoso territory is not equal to that ofsomo of the larger States of our confederacy, and which liavo hosts of pau pers who must consume souio portion of the products of Iho soil. It is a fact known, that many nf tho farmcis of tho counly ol Essex, are under lhc necessity of purchasing flour, at souio seasons of ihn year, for tho uo of their families. This is a slate of things which should not exist, and the very excess of lhc evil will no doubt soon woik a remedy. JVcip Jersey Journal. Extract fuom G iv. Evar.KTi'ti Mcj saoi: A law was passed at the last ses sion of the L"gisluture. lo encourage the mauufuc'ure of silk. The bounty provided has been paid lo several applicants. Facto which have been developed in the course of lb.- year, appear lo strengthen the hopo. expressed nt the commencement ofthc last so--ion, that this branch of industry is des tined to prove of immense importance lo the commonwealth. The difficulties in reeling, which were supposed to constitute tho great ob-tacleto the introduction of the) manufacture, have been overcome, nnd ma chinery for spinning and weaving of odm ra bio efficiency has been contrived. Speci mens of silk fabrics from power looms at work in Maaohn.seits, have been exhibited to me. which warrant sanguine expectation.-! (ifeoiire success in establishing the inanu- f icture. ExpcniME.NT with DtrrroN Cons We omitted so much oftho article, by Mr. Bo wors, giving tho re-oll of his experiment with Dulloii Corn, published In-t week, that perhaps the mode of conducting thu evpernneui is not plain. The roller was used on the ground, and the seed prepared ey rolling in hot tar. The heat of the tar did not injure the seed it all came up. Tho co'n was planted in hills two feet and a half apart, anil four stalks in n hill. Tho corn was not topped, and was cut up about the 20ih of Sept. This experiment of Mr Bowers is worth attention, He obtnined, it will bo iccollec ted, Q1 1-2 bti-hels on an acre, with I it t lo or no more labor unl expense, than is usu ally attending the cultivation nf an acre of corn, where but -10 bushels are harvested. II tmpihire Gcetle. Tun Duct Sun ,n business will receive a geneioos impulse from thu bounty of three cents per pound for five years, offered by the acl which ha- jnsl passed our legisla ture. It will cnabie the Northampton Company to pay well for the Beets, and thus gonurou-dy compensate tho formers. Tins company, by tho way will commenco operations early in May. or sooner, if Mr. Isiinrd returns from France. A suitable lo. cation fur the factory will be found, build ings erected, and the machinery put in, in season to use the beet crop of this autumn. The dilliculiy will probably be, in not ob taining enough of the raw material this fall for their immediate consumption. JVoriA umptun Cour. The fiiist Calf of a heifer is best for rearing; the reason alleged, that the cow could not be reduced by milk during gesta. lion. Late fallen calves, in May and Jutifj, are never so hardy when grown up, or beai thu wtniurs so well, as those dropped ir March ; the chief reason of this is, because lato fallen calves must be weaned late, and they always pitch, or fall away a I it t lo on weaning, tho approach of winter prevents i heir recovery, nnd nothing afterward makes amends. Lisle. Orr Hats ! The Lexington Observer says that iu Ihe town of Columbia, widow Rtichael Dickcrson is Clerk of ihe Court of Common Pleas, and that one Mary Potter is nominated for tho Legislature in Mc Cracken County. A lawyer was once trying to poso a maritime witness, who spoko of tho run-ning- rigging of a ship, "Do tell me," said tho lawyer,"havo you over scon rigging set out and run ?" "No. " said Jack, "hut I liavo seen a rope toalk, " "Uncle John," said a little urchin to an old gentleman who was sitting with hi hoad towards the fire, "why aro you liko an Indian building his houso ? D'ye glvo it up ? Becauso you aro making your wig warn." (wigwam.)