Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, April 28, 1837, Page 2

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated April 28, 1837 Page 2
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JUNIUS IN THE UNITED STATES.) Observing in this Inst nnniucr nT the Nm. Vnrh Ailiion. Hint I ho Scotch news - papers nro reviving tho inquiry ro?prct iny ti, l.tnmliv nf '. inmns." ii ml are miinlititf 'othia country ns I ho probable depository . entire POLITICAL POWER run CON "feotnc evidence that benrs upon it, 1 em-1 CENTRATEI) in thu SAME MAN. ploy a moment's leisure In explain mom lolly tint only the nature of tho evidence. but the ilcfjrcu ot importance wuicn may tie nltnched to it . Iii 1t)'J7, Dr. Brewster, now Sir David fhowed to n gentleman, now in this conn try, Borncoftho literary correspondence which Ins fat iior.tn- law, tho eolcurated Ossi'AN M acpherson, ns ho is called, hnd had with various distinguished individuals. Amongst Mm rest wore letters signed LiAcitt.AN McLkan. These were generally written with much v cor of style. The metaphors nnd figures in which thev about) ded were always forcihle nnd ol'ien quite remarkable for their beaut v. Sir David .pointed out several passages which had tftrurk him, both in their structure nnd language, as being almost identical with others found in tliu letters of Junius; ant! what gave greater interest to this similar ity was, that the hand writing hero nu equally singular resemblance to the fac unities of tho MSS. of Junius, as publish ed in Woodfall's edition Ha vine communicated the impression these letters had made upon him, one of Gait's Lifoof West, which greatly ex cited Ins inclination to investigate the nttair. r rnm tins passage it appeared tlinl Governor Hamilton, of Pennsylvania, call ing upon West, the painter, one morning in London, West showed him the attack upon the King, which had that morning oppearcd in Wood all's newspaper. On reading it, Hamilton exclaimed that he knew the author; that curtain passages nnd epigrammatic expressions in it he had seen before, and I hat the author was that scoundrel Lnchlnn McLean, who once resided in Philadelphia, and who had nl that time made a violent attack upon him, then G over nor of the St ale of Pennsylvania, in n Philadelphia paper. This circumstance hod induced Sir Da vid to inquire what had been the ostensible existence and movements of Lacii.an Mc Lean during that period embraced by I lie letters of Junius, and tho result upon his mind was almost equal to conviction that McLean was the author of those letter-. That ho was a powerful writer, and that lie wroto in the style of Junius, ho had suf. ficient proofs in his own possession. Then there were tho remarkable facts, that he had been under Secretary of Slate to Lord Shelburne, had been sent on a lucrative mission to India, at I he very period Junius announces his own retirement, and had per. ished on a second voyage to India, in the Swallow Packet, tngiihor with probibly eomo written evidences, that, had he died a natural death, mighi have ere this cleared up the suspicion; for. after nil, it is but a suspicion, and was so regarded by others nt the time, especially Sir Walter Scott, Lord Minto, and Mr." Jeffrey) to whom the gentleman, ihat Sir David had shown Mac pherson'rf correspondence to, had mention ed the affair; and iliev. after feeing the letters of Lachlao McLean, concurred in the opin ion thai Sir l)avid"wos on n wrong Bcent. This opinion, ton, was expressed in such a decided manner an to nwnkcu n thought in the gentleman's mind that I hey were among the initialed few who knew who was the author of the letters of Jun ius. It was agreed, however, on all hands, that, on the return of thU person to Atner ica, he should make some inquiries in Phil, ndclphia about Lachlau McLean, anil t lie newspaper attacks upon Governor Hamil ton. This was infrucluously done. As- fiistcd by others, all the accessible files of tho newspapers published during the gov ernment of Hamilton were examined," and nothing was found. Some information, however, respecting Lachlan McLean, was collected; the Into Bishop White, then a boy nt school, remembered him. lie was an Irishman, and a Surgeon in the Army, and kept a email apothecary'.'? shop near Second street and Market. Sumo officer in Otway's regiment had given offence to one of the citizens, and Governor Hamilton espoused the cause of the citizen. This drew forth the keen pen of McLean, who defended the officer, and was very severe on the Governor. It was nn affair which created much excitement in Philadelphia. It h barely possible that some light may bo thrown on the subject, if the descend ant of Governor Hamilton would examine the papers they have preserved, and which ones were very numerous. After the affair with Hamilton, he re turned to England, became the intimate of Burke and other literary men of the day. About this lime, (177l',) ho wrote a de fence of the Ministry, which is not ex tant, unless some copy has been preserved in tho United Slates. It was on tho sub ject of the Falkland Men. In 1772, Lord North gave him the collectorship of the port of Philadelphia, when ho come out ngain. He relumed In England in 1773. It deserves attention, that during this in terval Junius did not write. A'ul Int. That man who hath anything in tho world so dear to him that ho cannot spare it for Christ, if ho call for it, is no true Christian. A man may be as fast in the narcs of Satan, by worldlincss, pride, a secret distaste ofdillifcnt godliness, or by an unsound hcnrl, that i not runted in the faith, nor unreservedly devoted lo Christ, as others are by diunkeniiess, iinclennncss and similar disgraceful sins. Ho thai will let a sinner eternally perish for want of wpeamng io him, doth eel less by souls limn did the Redeemer of souls; and less bv hi' r.oighbor than common charity will allow dim to do by his greatest enemy. Baxter, It is not enough In entitle a man to Hie uamo of Christian, that he professes In be, licve tho Bible to he a genuine communlca tion from God. To bo the disciple of any book, he must do something moro than snt efy himself that ilscnntcnts uro tnio lie must read tho book lio musl oblain a knowledge of tho contents. And how many are there in tho world, who do not ctll the truth of iho Bible mcssago in qucs ion, while they suffer it to lio besido llicin unopened, unread, and unattended tol-Ibul. GOVERNMENT OPPRESSION. Krom the Boston All.m. This country is now cursed with llm i mnsl oppressive nntl despotic National . nnvcrnuicnt nn tlm face of llm rnrlb. The entire M ON I ED POWER mid llm 1 DisfTiiise this matter ns vnu may, t It is V Iho plain state of tho case. Through mo ono-ntioiis of the Treasury, every dollar of specie in tho country is nt. the disposal of tho Government. The Secretary nl the Treasury is at tho head nl a great I rcasii. ry Hank wilh eighty one branches in the different r-tntcs wielding n capital almoH endless in amount, subject to no controlling power, immediately responsible to no an thorily, rendering no account, and screened in every movement by the most impenetrn bio see'rosy. No monthly returns aim: nowoiven to tub People They can not toll where or how the Secretary ex- nands or contracts his accumulations of specie. Ho is above their scrutiny or con trol. Hut the secretary is the creature of tho President thin the President, uniting in his own person all the political power oi the Executive, and nil the mnnry powers of the Banker Kino, sets nt defiance the Will ov the People, nnd in pursuance of the most blind, reckless nnd 'infatuated policv, crushes the commerce, tho maun fnciurcs, and the agriculture nl the cuuu. try, nnd dcrnngen tho trade ant Tni; cun- nu.iox-or-Till! COMMERCIAL WoRLD. To show the madness of the Govern ment in the recent importations of Specie, it is only necessary lo present the follow ing statements which have been extracted from thu Treasury Reports of the last four years. Our imports and exports of mcr nhnndizo, sinco tho year 1G33, have been as follows : I. M POUTS. lS3n-S109,000.000 183l-8123.093,n31 18.13-ftlB0,030,3fiS extorts. 800,fi03..t03 ?97,3IS.72l S11S,9."),329 JS3G -$173,510,000 $12I,7S9,000 During this period then, we have iinpor led merchandize to the amount of jjjSO. G03.7I9; and exported merchandise lo the amount, of gl2B,72C,45G. This would leave us largely indebted to foreign conn tries. The precise amount of indebtedness cannot bo exactly estimated, Ii must of course be immense. But during the same period, while the balance of trade lias been uniformly nnd largely against us, thu Gov eruni"nt bus been importing lpecie lo augment our indebtedness Imports of Specie. 1S33 7,070,3(iS lc34-17,91 1,032 1833 13,131,447 1S3C-12,1CG,372 Exports of do. 2,014,932 1,076,238 3,7 IS, 1 74 4,43D,S15 G0.279.SI9 14.473,199 14,473,199 33,804,020 That is lo say, during four years which wo have imported 127,937,263 more I fin ti we have exported, in mi:uciian i: t lio Government has imported "04,020 in money. This, specie, therefore, has all been iiorinownn. It has been run. ceo into the country against nil the nn I n rnl laws of trndc. Tho necessary conso quenco has been Hie ruinous fall of our staple export. As tho result ol t lio vnst drain of specie from England, specie has acquired an unnatural value there, in coin- pariMin with all oilier articles ol trntlic: and whilst specie is thus enhanced in vn'ue, the value of our own produce is unnatural ly (leprc.-scd. Before wo can be relieved from the pressuro which now convulses ns, it is obvious that we must be relieved from our indebtedness. From lliu immediate and urgent pressure of our indebtedness we can be relieved most cheaply, most ex peditiously, most certainly by tho export or specie. By thus paying a port inn ol our debts and augmenting tho amount of specie in England, the unnatural relative values of specie nnd cotton become parti ally restored to their original equilibrium. Specie is worth less and cotton morn. Thus the same amount of cotton now in England will be made adequate to the pay. ment of n larger amount ot our debt. This measure too will restore the confiuonco of the commercial world, and a renewal of our liabilities, or postponement of llieir liquidation can he more easily effected. - Wo cannot pay by exporting our produce. Wo cannot pay by exporting our imports. Such measures, would merely occasion n decline in the value of these articles in for cign markets, corresponding to the increa-e of their quantity. They are not in demand. Si'Ecrr. on the contiiaiiv is in uroent demand Ii is more valuable than niy thing elso at this time in England, llxoill go further than any thing elsein the payment oj our ucuis. If we can place any reliance on the stateincnls of the Treasury, we urc nl this moment govr.itFLowiNo with specie.. There ore eicjiity millions in the coun try, when the experience of 111293031 32 years which the President de.-cribud in his messages as seasons of unusual pros poritylonll branches of industry proved conclusively that twenty millions are abundantly competent to all the wants of our agriculture, commerce nnd uiaimlac- lures. At Hint time, snvslhe Globe, "te country teas at the mercy of that mercilesi institution," iha United Slates Bank. And what wns the consequence? Why, that Iho financial concerns of Hie country were managed with so much prudence, foresight and wisdom, that all our trading interests wcro in iho palmiest prosperity. What is the condition of things now ? Why, with EifiiiTY millions; of specie, while we are at the "mercy of that merciful institution," Hie Treasury, iho country is running head, long into universal iiankrupicy and uni versal ruin ! And who now are Iho Panic Makeus? The Goveunment. Who exults in the prevailing disiross? Tho Goveunment. What ore we told day by day in Iho official journal ? "There is no pi;es?uki: which ANY HONEST MAN FIIOULD nEfJUET !" A lid what relief are wo promised? What pros pect is held out lo us by thu administration! What is Iho language of iho Government organ? Heiiuke, Scorn nnd Menace. Head the following official bulletin from the last Globe. "Ilul iIipio U dishes cnmln; on. Distress it now taking place, and wilt augment and contin ue for many months to come. Three causes iinkn ii. First. The expansion or the pa. pkii system, and lite (.inibling nnd ailvenimes in ii II tor U of moneyed upcrliona to uliich ii khvo rieo .Secondly. Tho triuitfer of TWENTY-, jEVEN millions of dollars lo I lio Sours, lo lie iivulo in limhilmenlsof NINH millions curb, nn lliu flint of April, July nnd Oclnher. I Ins OPPUESSKS the cities j Inn io iln jn.'iirc lo lliu ilepuiin Imv, il gives fiippnrl lo llm country, reluming lo i lio in. Ici ior, llml pays lbs ilulie, tlio mnnov of which l lie Timri' lions IT. Thirdly. Tlio imtnensn I j it. nnrc, nl Ifi.iM THIRTY millions ol dull.ir, on tlio iiiiporliilionmn.iKtydir, ami whioh will HAVE m nv. 1-Alli TO KUIIOPE THIS YEAH. Tlieso llireo cniucs will niuUc difliCM j anil lid littles.", which will coiuiiiiiB dnriiiR tlio wliolo yaw, will ii AVE A crms AT EACH or TUB PERIODS OP THE TRANSFER OP THE INSTALMENTS OP KINK MILLIONS TO THE STATES. 1'lllH il U now. Tlio iimo millions li nnufcriililo on tlio .test: of April Iiih iniulo u severe picjsuro in Now York mill oilier cilic?, WHICH piessurk s ust ni: re PEAT EI) WITH STILL GREATER INTENSITY ON the rinsT op July and OcroneR. Wo reserve our comments 01 Hih most extraordinary language, for another dav Meanwhile we would n?k Who caused that expansion of the papah system, thai redundance of the Currency-which has been Hie fruitful source of all our present distresses. The Government and the Government alone! All the evils under which wo groan were predicted by Web ster. Adams, Hinncy, M'Duffii'. Clay- when the management of the Currency nnd Trndo of tho Country was first usurp. cd by General Jacki-on. 1 he People were then told that llieir safely lay in disuniting Hie Political Power and Hie Money Power In the union nnd concentration of these lormldnble interests is n despotic strength, which will be fatal to Hie wellaro anil I lie liberties of I he republic. And it is this strength which sustains Mr. Vnn Huron, in his defiance of the Popular Will in re rrnrd lo the Treasury Circular : and in his menace throuL'h the" Globe lo import ten millions more of specie in the course of tho vear 1337 This oppressive and ruinous course of the Uovcrnmcni must ultimately cnu in some nonular jutbreak. Public Indignation dailv becoming more inflamed, ond will hur.-t. ;inon the Government with a force whiei cannot he resisted. As long as Hie pre'sure immediately affects only Iho mer chants, the administration may have noth- io fear. Already, however, has one of the leading prints of the Union, advised the merchants ot iew xotkio resist mo pay ment of tho Government Bonds. I hough we should much regret the necessity of such a measure, we have little doubt that the excised public sentiment of tlio great com mercial metropolis would sustain it. The merchants very naturally coiifidcr tho course of the Government nn unjustifiable crnadu nirainst their properly and tlie-.r rights. When threatened by the official organ with a more intense preure than i hey now suffer, in the months of Jury and October, when they are (old that they have got thirty million" lo pay, and shall not have a dollar to pay it with, if the Gov ornnicnt can keep il out of their hands- tho time seems to have arrived for them to jiin issue with the Government. Wisdom n-- well as juslicn may tench them to pay their honest creditors first, nnd their op pressivc rul'Ts afterwards. They have forborne ns long n human nature can for bear. They have been stripped plunder oil lii-canri.-il by i ho Government; and the Government, st II blind, reckloi-s nmi insolent in its double political and nionicd power, scoff's at their suffering, defies their indignation, and tiireaten's them with renewed and AUGMENTED DISTRESi ! F ORIilGJf I T H M S. Prom the New Orlc.un lliillcliu, April, I t By the arrival of the brig Cazeuove yes terday, from Vera Cruz, we have dales from that port to the 30th March, and from the city of Mexico lo tho 2Gih. An extract from n letter, dated Vera Crux, COth March, states that "The excitement in the city of Mexico against the foreign merchants continue1: and they were com pelled lo advance the Government $2,000 per day to the troops, as the only means of pi eventing' them from arming Hie rab ble and commencing a general sack of tho city. The revenues of the customs have 'been mortgaged to the merchants. The tariff, winch goes into operation in Sep tember, hn3 been published, and contains 'many regulations to prevent smuggling. "General Bustamente will probably 'be elected President. Sinta Anna? 'noi a candidate, but is quiet on his planta tion near Vera Cruz " Tho orders for marching an army into Texas have been revoked fur tho present . , "Business of all kinds is very dull, and an entire want of confidence prevails throughout iho Republic !" The papers of Vera Cruz and Mexico arc liberal in their abuse of the journals of this city fur supposing that the iinmnc ulatc nnd incorruntiblo Santa Anna could possibly have been engaged in ony negotiations lo desstrny Hie iuicnity of Mexico. Such a thing they deem be yond tlio bounds of credibility, and a base calumny upon the spotless character of the "Hero of Tampion," and the "Conqueror of tho Alamo," El Censor dc Vera Cruz, inn glowing apostrophe to the mighty chicfinin on I ho subject of this charge, says : "Virturo and justico will always Iri. innpli General Santa. Anna! Thy virtue saves thee ! events in which you could take no part exouerute you from the unjust cal umnies of party spirit. In duo season will Iho scales fall from I he eyes of thoso who havo been blinded." Tho same gazottc givca tho following account nf Santa Anna's visit to Wash ington, and of iho correspondence between him and General Jackson, while a prison

er at Columbia. Tho explanation is given ns coining from Santa Anna himself: "When Gcncrnl I). Anlnnio Lonez do Santa Anna wns mennnced by a troop of malefactors. (Mnlhochores.) w'ho had iust arrived nt New Orleain, and, rioting with their roinpnnlnns demanded his bend while infuriated, Austin, in grntiludo for having been saved by tlio President from Hie In- quisition of Mexico, into which Farias had thrown him, resolved to lake meas ures to gavo his life, and to effect il, it oc cured to him to reslrntn them by telling them that important communications wilh General Jackson had beon commenced relative In the affairs of Texas, and, to provo these statements, presented lo ihoin a letter frnm'Gencral Jackson, dicln nnd signed by Gen. Snnla Anna, which is tho saint; rend nmotig tho documents of Iho accompanying aupplcmont.(n supple ment from Mctnmorns, containing Hie correspondence between tho two Pre sidents.) Tho offers, and whatever elso it (the letter ) says, hnd no other object than to calm the fury nf tho highway robbers; (llandoloros.) who w'nhcd to effect their design of putting him to death, and the stratagem had a ninvclluus effect, since it obtained the end that wns desired. This was also the cnn?o lint, induced Gen. Santa Anna to visit Washington, since there was no other way of libcrnting him than by pretending that he was going thcro lo agree upnn n method with Gen. Jackson, which would tend most effectually lo oblain nnd sanction tho independence of Texas. This is iho whole mystery, object nnd motive of the journey lo the United Slates, nnd is t lio "true import ofthe doc umont8 which have served the editors of the Commercial Bulletin, and others, to produce n suspicion of a secret Ircaty between Gencrnl Jnckson nnd Santa Anna The letter of Gen Sanln Anna is more over modified, to suit tho taste and interest ofthe editor of the Boo. The original does not contain at all that which is read in the copy." State ol Africa. The following from the Libera Ilorald, gives a horrid picture of the usages ofthe African tribes, in their intercourse with each other. Tho greater part ofthe Negro races of that great con tincnt, are evidently unlamc and nntamc able barbarians, whose fierce nnd fre quently exterminating wars upon each other are horrible and sanguinary, beyond all description , "The Spaniard, to whom we alluded another part of this paper, ns having been captured when tho Gorah lown was taken by the Deys, has been set at libcry. lie owes his release to tlio interposition King Patera!) of Cape Mount, who, it ap nears had furnished a quota of men lo the victorious party, and who is nlso indebted to the concern lo winch Hie Spaniard be longs. He gives a most sickening ac count of the shocking anil inhuman cruel tics exeiciscd by Hie conquerors. II states that he had thirty slaves at the time I lie town was taken. These were all butchered. A large feast was made on their flc.-h, nu winch tho conquerors sated their inhuman appetites. Tlio remainder was hung up nnd dried. We have been at n loss to account for ibis circum-tancc, from tho fact that this war wns commenced, and has been ear ried on, solely with a view to supply the demand for slaves. But when we ret: lect how eniifTinnnry it hn been, with what determination and vigor It has been con dueled uy holh parties: t lie grent space over winch it has extended, and tho num ber of tribes it has involved in tho quarrel we can rationally suppose a mutual deter ininatinn to inflict signal vengeance on I he vanquished party. This supposition gain strength from the fact, that many freemen were also Duichered at the same tune, .t well as from the manner in which old Bar ister is said lo have been put to death, when the Gorahs in their turn prevailed over the JJevs. In civil, zed countries. when any signal victory has been achieved over nn enemy, people are accustomed to go lo church, and return thanks to tin- Lord, that I hey have been permitted to iiiuruer uicir leiiow ueings. Ann we suppose in proportion lo tho importance of the victory, will he the depth of tho grsti ludo. 1 he Africans express the same feeling, but in a different manner." Paris, March 17 The Courier Fran cais presents some considerations on tin present commercial crisis. Tlio number of failures in Paris since tho commence ment of IC37 has b en four times as great as during the corresponding period of last year. 1 ho markets for tlio sale of prnv ions arc glutted; purchasers are scarce in tho great provision marls of Sceaox and Pnissy. Yet tho mania for speculation, which has proved so injurious in England and America, had not made its appearance among in. i ho harvest has been nb tin daul. Tho real cause of this distress must besought for in Hie moral posiiion of the country, and in the want of confidence nni public security. I ho same torpor which Government had sought lo instil into Hie minds of men, Ims communicated itself to their physical energies; and the material world has re-echoed and re-produced Hie sentiment which pervades iho political system, iiioom nnu despondency have hence insinuated themselves throughout tho wholo Irnme-woik of society. It has been stated that nn infernal inn chine had been discovered in Belgium. It turns out that this nlnrining machine is n thing but n filtering machine, which n Frenchman residing in Belgium had invent. nl, nnd ho repaired lo Antwerp for I he pur pose ot inaKing trial ol it upon the impure waters of that place, where puro wairr can bo procured only ot a high price. Ho carried his model lo a workman to procure mm to make for linn n machine, who look it into his bend that tho invention win nothing less than nu infernal machine for tho destruction of Kings. Tlio inventor was accordingly denounced, assailed in the streets, nnd finally nrrcsted and thrown into prison, where he remained eighteen days, before, by the intervention nl the I'lench Consul, he obtained his release. Tin; Northern Boundary. In tho British House of Commons on tho Itth ultimo, Lord Palmeuston, in reply to a question from Mr. Robinson in reference to tho United Stales boundary lino, 6tated that it was still Iho subject of enmmunica t inn between Hie Govcrniniinis of tho two countries. Ho believed that both Govern mcnls wero actuated by an earnest desire lo bring tho matter to on nmicnblo conclusion, but difficulties had arisen, in part, nut of the different formp of the two Govern, mcnls, which had delayed tho settlement. DOMESTIC. THE MONEY MARKET. New Yoiut, Saturday, I o'clock. No relief yet in the money market, and indeed no prospect abend, only, (soys the Commer cial) that it appears to us the state of things cannnt bo much worse. Yesterday the names of several extensivo dealers wcro added to the long list of unfortunates ; in all probability many will follow in the same train this afternoon. What adds to the distress of nlmost every individual, is tho situation of country paper, particularly of our own safety fund banks, wilh the ex ception of the Geneva Bank and Bank of Buffalo, and perhaps ono or two others. But ono or two brokers will buy this money, and they havo taken only a limited amount at 1 a 2i per cent. Half past one o'clock, P. M. The Com. mercial Advertiser eays--Thc money mar kct was again seriously agitated this mor ning, by advices from Albany, Hiat the banks of that city would receive no moro paper of the western safety fund banks. The state ofthe caso we believe to bo this: The comptroller had given direction? that tho State Treasury would receive no hills of certain western nnd northern banks which were specified, and which wo for bear to mention, inasmuch as it was under stood Inst evening nt Albany, Hint tho or der would bo revoked this morning. One of tho Wall street homes this mor ning received a letter from an Albany bank, staling that they wished no more country bank paprr at present. Not a whisper has been breathed, however, against the sol. vency of any of these banks. Another Wall street house executed small order from Albany, for the purchase of country bank paper, lo iho amount of 35,0001 It wns soon supplied. General Davis, one of the bank comtnis- sioners, is in Wnll street this morning. II is assurances arc of iho most positive character, that the banks are entirely sound nnd so wo believe, lie is des-irous of cf fecting an nrrnngement for the redemption of country bills, to the amount of five lino, dred thousand dollars which, ho is confi dent, will bo sufficient for the emergency. Accounts from Mobile and New Orleans arc startling. It would seem thai the con tinuance of a house to do business there at all, forms Iho exception to the general rule. New Orleans. April Mill. Tho fail ures conl inue, and consequent ly the panic cinuol subside. It is reported Hint Iho hn bilities ofthe house of N. &, J. Dick amount to fifteen millions of dollars, instead ol five, as I slated erroneously yeitenhy. ' , ' , , . nn , . , ,r ii ii Mil been relieved, nnd ordered toioin the l hev show assets lor 10 million-'. he. .,,,, , , ... , i, ' , ,i - I .i.i ii ,. ''"P whence it wis de ached, that he other houses Ihat have su-pended wi t un i.,n .iioi. ... i r .i i .r . i. . . i . .i shall discharge vo i nice.'H and mi i in force the last fortnight, are estimated at he same , ,i,ii.. ,i . , ' amount, makuig in all. thirty million,.- , SJ, ly a' ,! ci'cunwiances .,1 H.eser Among (hem a"re five or six of ihe first ".H ' " ?" m" " commercial establishments of tins city.- 1 ' , ' ? ' , ' nCi 7 "''"'r stores. t The gi;eral opinion of tho known,-, .r.r.T, "d Morula Irskontn tho inns, con- is, that every body must now yield lo Hie present unparalleled pressure and derange ment. Unfavorable rumor respecting some of our Bunks aro in circulation, which renders hopeless iho idea of nnv assistance from these institutions. Finally, tilings look exceedingly gloomy. Boston. We have foreborno any rrcenl comment on tho stain of our coinniercial affair?, from an unwilliiifTiioss to ml. I imv thing to the prevailing alarm of Hie com' 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 y . We had hoped Hi.it iho troubles in New Orleans and New York could bo partially i xplniued and accounted for bv lo cal causes, and thai they would uoi extend to our own city. Our hopes have been in a degree disappointed. The causes of our distress are too deeply seated in the gen oral system. The entire dorangemenl of our trade and currency, by the mad inter ferenco of Executive, is destined lo harrnss and convulse every section of iho counirv. There havo been during the la.-t leu days five or six large failures in this Cliv al! of them of houses esteemed two moii'hs since not only perfectly solvent, nud abun dantly able to mcel all their eugageuietiis, but removed from all apprehensions of dis aster, of credit undoubted, and resources nn. limited. But while they havo been for years stimulating tho enterprize of hun dreds of individuals, and fiirtui-hiurr hun. dreds with Hie means of subsistence, bv the active employment of I heir actual wealth thev have themselves fallen victims to the grand Executive Experiment of n Specie Currency. The failure of these Houses cre ated much surprise but wo understand thai most ol them show a large amount of properly which, in ordinary times, would be amply competent to the payment of their debts, and leave them with a con. siderable surplus. Tho destruction of con hdencc, the loss of the facilities of bust ness, with the lailures at tho South nnd West nud New lork, and the denreciation of proporiv consequent on the stale of Hie iMoney Market, have led to tlio embarrass ments which have finally terminated failures. villas. uusim-.ss. -vc understand that it is tu comtemplatinn to stop several mills in this city, in consequence of heavy pressuro in business. Manufacturing business will be contracted to a considerable extent, bin wo believe nut to tho extern which rum ir threatens. We regrel Ihat the prospect is oi a tin 1 1 season in mis place in most of business. There is very httlo buildum no new mills in progress, consequently lit" tie demand for mechanics labor, nnd many persons looking about for profitable employ, ment. There is a general disposition in men to hold on to what they have, and sus liend new enterprises till moro favorable times. We havo had sevoral failures-- some of men 'Wiu ought not to break'," but in that respect wo have not had more than our share nf the common lot. Wo do not Hunk tho present times givo any just rea son lo distrust Iho permanent value of property amongst us. Lowell Courier. St. Louis, (Mo.) April I. Several ro coivers of iho Land Offico in Missouri and Illinois have lienu in lown within a few lavs, la make denosilcs of tlio funds rneni-i veil in payment fnr tho public lands. From 150.000 lo 4500.000 hnvo been iilneoil iti tho vaults of the Agency, tho largest pr portion if not nil of which wns in gold on"" silver. Nothing, it may bo f-afely nnid will bo seen of these funds until Ihcy havo formed a lour lo tho deposito banks in other parts of tho Union. And as there is to ho no distribution Ibis year, nnd Iho bu siness of Hie country is in an unsettled and depressed state, little of it will ngnin bo drawn from its hiding plnco for Hie accom odation of the VuhUr.. Republican. The Crops. Wo entirely coincide with the Richmond Whig in Hie subjoined re marks. We disliko Ibis consinnt. forebo dings of evil, in regard to the growing crop, and may observe that the glromy anticipa tions, mi regularly indulged in about tlii.4 time of the year, have not been verified by after results more than once or twice in n. score of years. The exceptions in this caso ns in others, must bo held to provo the rule ; nnd we shall thorcforo look con fidently, mnugro these prophets of evil, for something like a fair avcrago crop, at Iho coming harvest. Papers in various sections '(says Hie Whig) nro talking about the gloomy pros peels for a wheat crop. Wo suspect, the prospect is for from cheering, but thift crooking does no good ; we doubt whether it will odd one grain to the crop. Besidep it is in bad taste; for every year since ou? recollection, tho same melancholy forcbo dings have beii indulged. And in many instances, wo know to ih surprise of every one. Hie crops have proved largely over the average. Nothing is moro uueortnin than speculations nt this season about the wheal crop?; for tho prospect may be gloomy in the extreme now, and three months of good went her may produce a total revolution. We hope such may the case this year. From Florida. An official report ha been received from general Jesup. dated Fort Dade, Mnrch 20th.in which he sink's that tho Seminole chief. Vaholoochio I Cloud), who commanded at Wahoo, is ot Tampa Bay with his family, nnd t lint ho i has about two hundred of his people in camp near that post. That the principal chiefs on the Si. Johns. Tukinnia. nnd Emarthla, (Philip), have sent messages to general Jesup that they will ot:ey the or der of Micanopy to emigrate ; and that Philip had al-'o sent his son, who informed tho general that his father had required Abinca. (Sam June-), the chief of the Mi casukes to join hun ond nccompany iiim on a visit to Micanopy. The general has no doubi that tho war is ended, if a firm nnd prudent course is pursued. II,; s'nte-t that ho shall send one baliahon of the In dian warriors serving in Florida to Mobile, ns soon ns it can be mu-iernil nnd paid, nnd transport bo obtained. That the Alabama drnfis will be sent offTiis soon ns they can be paid transports have been provided for them ; ihat Iho naval garrison ftiroi.-hi'd Im. ... n.lt- r..t.i.-. n . In a case lately decided by the Supreme Court of Mnt-snehusetis, one Edwards, a convict in Hie Siaio prison, prevailed in n writ of error, reversing a sentence of tho municipal coutt. Tim quest i n wn- whoih or, under Iho iudicment nnd verdict, he was liable to be sentenced for life, or o term ? J "" u""l'r. I"a ,,'r2-'i7 "Ct ofl!:04. 1 1 "' VUIS "vie'ed ol having mure iliau inn ronniern.'ii uins in his posce'sion on I he 2 Oil of June, with intent. &a The indicinent named at one linte, hut did not say "rji one and the same;" und though the evidence was clear, that it wns at one and the same time, yet t tic court, thought, that omission prevented a life sentence, and subjected him only io a term of vears, which he had served out. This is a re markable iiistnnce of the nicely of the law in criu iual prosecutions. Bcston Fair. At a late Fair in Boston an accomplished and beautiful young lady was attracting nil eyes lo'ler table when a paid off sailor ' boro down" in wards her, wilh strong symptoms of be coming n purchaser of some of the rich ar ticles before her. He drew from his pock el n ten dollar note, and, after looking steadfastly upon the lady, he laid the mo ney on I ho tnble, and was about to with draw. "Will you nut iako some art idea for your money ?'' said the lady. Tlio lione-i fellow turned ngain lowurds'ber. nnd looked: then, with nn expressive hitch, sheered off'--',No; I've had my money's worth." "Strike, but hear. "The hniuls em ployed on the public works in Washing ton, struck, on 'I'hursday, for the ten hour system. The Metropolitan says Ihat they we o, that day. "grouped, mosl gracefully, in their primitive assemblj, before tho President's gale woy." This is, we opine 'waking up the wrong passenger." It is from Hint gate that decrees go forih, "that none break, but those who deserve it, "and "rVuii there is no distress in the country, fof which any honest man ought lo be sorry."' They nro distressed it seems : ergo ihey aro (in the government phrase) "dishonest. Extraordinary Cali Mr. S. Smith, nn enterprising breeder nf blooded cnttle in Fnyollo county. Kentucky, lately sold lo Mr. Maslin Smith a short honied bull calf, II mouths old. weighing one thousand and forty jhe pounds! This is said lo bo the largest animal of Hie kind of his ago ovor rnised in this country. Its beauty of proportion is not to be exceeded. Sano Fnoin. A criminal got asleep in the box, nnd was jogged by nn officer to hear his sentence. Tho judge annointed a day when he should bo hanged by the neck until he was dead. The condemned man gaped and opened his eyes whilo Iho sen. teuco was pronounced, but ns soon a it was concluded, eaul reprovingly to Iho offi. ccr who had awaked him. "Is Hint nil?" and immediately fell asleep again. Pearl. Question for Debating Societies Is a 6mn" doC ,v"os tail curls so tight as to M'ft l'is bind log's from the ground, a biped ' n ,1. ...,.! , ,, e, , - , ... w, .juiiui UJivu.