Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, May 19, 1837, Page 1

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated May 19, 1837 Page 1
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NOT THE GLOIIY OP CiESAKJ IJ U T THE WELfAKE OF ROM 12. BY U.K. STACY. FRIDAY, MAY 19, .1837. VOL. X No. 517 IS FARMING PKOFITARLE? In prosecuting the businrss of life, it is very ilcfiirnblo to do it in eucIi n nmnnnr that, so far as regards temporal matters, competency may nt least be secured; and the way in which this can be dona the most cosily, effectually, and with the least proba bility of reverse?, becomes an inquiry of considerable interest. Vc speak now of the ordinary means of obtaining a good living, of the regular prosecution oT pro. fessionnl business, of tho usual remits of trade, of money at the legal rates of inter, est, and farming as it has been on the average for the last five years. Now in solhc respects thu 'times arn out of joint;'1 all the customary modes of doing business seem to be broken up; men arc in haste to be rich ; and the opportunities forspcen lation, and tho success which in some in stances has attended it, appear In have had their influence every where Less per haps anion? fanners than anv other class of citizens, though even for llicin it will not 'do lo plead entire exemption. Many have fold their farms, and after pending months jn looking for others, have come homo ngain and consented to pay roundly for the prhilegc of getting on I ho "old place" n rrnin. Other farmers have Fold out, and without personal investigation, have at once started fur that earthly paradise, the far west. Disappointed I hey have returned, and after having lost most of their proper ty in the expenses of removal, nro content to again commence n gradual accumulation of properly. Dot a great mnjority are still working on, sowing and reaping, and it is a question which should be Eolvcd, whether such arc not on the whole mtiking money ns fast as they probably would with the stmc capital in any olhcr legitimate business. What we mean is, can a man with five or len thousand dollars, realize us much from il by investing it in a farm, as he could by loaning it at I lie legal rale of interest; and will il support himself or his family as handsomely in tho first way os tho lust ? To contribute our mho lo wards answering these questions is the great object of this paper. The man who expects to get ricli at once by farming, must expect to !jc disappointed ; but in ih'w matter ho is no worse off than ho who has only the tamo moderate capi tal in cash, and uses it ina legal way. In both cases the addition to the capital stock, can consist only of what remains of the income after all demands upon it arc met. We will attempt to illustrate this. Two men, A. and R., arc about to commence life with the same capital, say five thou sand dollars in cash cadi ; and their per eonal expenses arc also the camo. A. in vests the whole of his in a farm and stock, nnd goes to work upon it. 15. is appro licnsivc he could not live so and invests Ins cash in stocu wnicn yields nun seven per cent., and determines to do enough to nay h'.s wav. so that the interest shall be clear, now which of the two arc the most likely to possess competence if not actual wealth, at the end of ten years? Porhap3 n majority at firat thought would say, H certainly; but wo think differently, and 'imagine that the chances arc altogether in favor of A., and I hese are some of the rea pons for this opinion. In the first plaeo his occupation is favor. nhlc to health. Tho life of a former is one of labor, it is true; but labor unless car ricd lo excess, is far from being prejudi cial to the body or mind. Vigorous oxer cisc, such is the law of our nature, is no ccssary to the full development of either our bodily or nur mental powers, and un less this necessity is forced upon us in part we arn apt to cvado it, and wo sutler the ennscquonco. The maxim that rvery man naturally is as idle an he can be, wo do not dispute; acquired habits induced by the necessity of exertion, arc sufficient to ac count for any Fccminj exceptions to this rule. Hence tho probability is that A. having before his eyes tho necessity of la bor on his farm, will perform tho labor, and reap double tho benefit in his health and in his purse; while 1)., who cannot expect to feci thut necessity, will of course be Ices nctivo and industrious, will becomo les and loss inclined to labor, and will cventu ally feel tho cft'octs of this disinclination in diminished health and decreasing profits Another reason why the prospects of A. aro belter than those of R. is to bo found in tho habits thai personal industry is almost 6itro lo create. Expuricnco and observation both nssuro us, that tho man who has any means of living bovond what depends on his own exertion, is very apt lo acquire contemptuous ideas of economy and whatever may be Ins original inicn lions, sooner or later finds himself trench ing firet on tho interest of his capital, ond then on tho capital itself, Tiicro can bo very few instance found in tho country, where I ho sons of rich men have not" diminished tho inheritance received from their parents, and tho examples nro still more rare in which the second generation have not succeeded in scattering the de. scending property to the winds. A pride, as false as it injuriom, makes thoso who can live upon their money, dislike exercise, until this dislike becomes a habit rarely shaken oft', oven after its effects arc stare ing the individual in the face. Hut ihe most sufficient reason why A. will succeed while I!. will probably f.iil, is found in the (act, thai money invested in farming is undoutbedly far belter than mo ney nt 7 per cent. This wo think will be questioned by few who have been in the habit of observing what passes around them, or examining the reports made of particular farms which have from time to time appeared in tho farming journals' of tho day. In all such reports It is evident, that after deducting the expense of work irijf. a cerlain per cent for wear and tear, and the necessary repairs, and ihe interest of 'ho capital employed, the remainder will be clear profits. The amount of this profit will depend on circumstances. The expense of working a grain farm will be reaicr than on a grazing farm, but tho capital employed in stocking id less, and tho profits usually much higher; the re turns for labor arc quicker, and the pro. coeds-accumulate in a compound ratio. Mr. S. T. Vary of Kindcrhook made a report of his farm for tho Cultivator, in which ho estimates the proceeds from M5 acres of land at S2,2i)5. Deduct one third of this and there is left 1,52-1, which s the interest of g'2 1 ,772 ; Mr. Vary did not state his capital or tho value of his land, but the profits would pay tho interest on U5 acres at 150 an acreprobably more than double Us actual price. Mr. Carter, of Champion, Jefferson county, has furnnned Judge Unci n farm report which makes a total from 100 acrea of l,3J9. Among thu items is one not usually found on farms, viz. mulberry trees, iul which to Mr. C. arc quite a source of profit. This amount, less one third as ex pends, &c. would leave 1,093 as profit, or the interest on a capital of 15,000, which would fix Mr. Carter's 100 acres at l5G an acre a price which would make the good fanners of .Icfi'orson county open svido their eyes. A MARRI ACE ADVENTURE. This is a verv unirenteel affair. " said Mrs Ilightlyer. "I never heard the like of it in my born days !" said a fat shopkeeper's ndy. "How tunny !' cried one young la ly. "How shocking!" exclaimed another. Egad, that's a clean smart girl." said one gentleman "She's a I ickler, I'll warrent her," exclaimed a second. "She's a pirate, by thunder !" roared Captain Ililliard. In the meantime the new married pair wore pursuing Wueir journey, by easy stages towards the city of Now York, We all j"ow "how (lie hlest clnruwof nature im prove when we sue them reflected," and mi on ; and wo can readily imagine " how happily Ihe days of Thahha passed" on the occasion. Uninterrupted by ceremonious visits, unrestrained by tho presence of third parlies surrounded by all the blandishments winch give enchantment to tho rural scone it is not surprMtig thai our lovers should often digress from the beaten road, and as often linger at a romantic spot or a seclu ded cot I ago. Several davs had now elapsed, and nei ther party had made any disclosure lo the other upon the important subject of finance. As they wero drawing near the cud ol their journey, the Major considered il ad visable to broach thi- delicate subject to his bride. U was a fine summer ovuing, as tiiev sat by a window at the inn, on joying tho beauty of an extensive landscape nat tins memorable conversation occurred. They had been amusing themselves with that kind uf small talk which new married tolks find ho vai-tly pleasant ; as how much they lvo each other, and how happy they intend lo be and what a fine thing it is for two fond hearts to bu dissolved and mel ted into one, &c Many examples of lovo and murder were related tho lady told of distressed swains who had incontinent ly hanged themselves for their mistress, and 1 1 1 o gentleman ns often asseverated lhat not one of ihnsc martyred lovers udor. oil the object of his passion with half the fervor ho felt fur his own, dear, sweet, darling, precious, little Anno! At last, throwing Ins arm over his wife's neck ho said carelessly. "iv no nas mo management ol your property, my oear "You havo, my darling ," replied eIic "I shall have it when I got it," taid the Major ; "1 meant to inquire in whoso ws session it was at present " "Il is nil in your own possession," ro plied tho lady, "Do not tr'iflo with mc," said tho pen tlcman, patting her check; "you havo mado mo tho happy muster of vour person and il is linio to givo mo llio disposal of your loriuno, My fnco is mv fortimo." said she. lav To bo plam ith you madam," said uJ impassioned brido groom, "I Imvo need of , monuy ininiediatuly tho coach in wliicli wo camo to this jilaco has been returned, nnd I have not tho moans lo procure nn other conveyance." To be tonally candid with vnu" repli ed the happy bride "I have nothing in the world but what vou now see." 'Have you no real estate?" said I lie i Major starting upon his feet. "Not an acre." "No bank slock ?" "None.'' "No securities nn jewels no money.?' 'Nothing of tho kind." "Arc you not the daughter of n rich broker?" "Not I indeed." "Who in t ho devil nro you then ?" "lam your wife, sir, and the daughter of a very honest blacksmith. " "Mess mc !" exclaimed Major starting hack with astonishment then covering his face wiih his hands, ho remained for a mo. mcnt absorbed in thought. Resuming his serenely, ho Ban! in a sneering tone, "I congratulate you madam, on being the wife of a beggar like yourself. I am a ruined man and know not whence to supbly my immediate wants. "Can you not draw upon the carl your brother ?" said the lady. "1 have not thu honor of being allied to tho nobility." "Perhaps you can hnvo recourse to the paymaster ot your regiment." "I do not happen to belong to any re giment." "And have you no lands in Arkansas.?" "Not an acre." "I'ray then sir, may 1 take the liberty of al;ing who you arc ?" "I am your husband, madam, at your service, and only son lo a fatuous gam bler, who left mo heir lo his principles and profession." "My father gave mo a good education," said the lady. "So did mine," said the gcntlcman "but it has not prevented mc from trumping tho wrong trick this lime." So saying, Major Fiizconncll bounded out of tho chamber, hastened to the bar, and callud tlio landlord. Ills interesting bride followed on tiptoe, and listened un" observed. Tho Major inquired "at what hour the mail stage would pass for New York." "About midnight," was tlio re ply. "Please secure me a scat," said the Major, "and let mo be awaked at the proper hour." "Only one scat?" inquired the host. "One scat only," was the reply. Thu landlord remarked Unit it was custom, ary for gen' lemon who set oft' in the nir!.t lo pay their fare in advance, upon winch me Major paid lor the scat. i no Major and his Undo retired to separate chambers, the former was soon locked in tho arms of sleep, but tho latter rrppiiau tl..- dri'wny ginl from her ovcllds. When she heard the stage drive up to the door of the inn, she hastily rose, and having previously made up her bundle, without which a lady never steals a march, hastened down stairs. Upon the way she met ihe landlord, who enquired if her husband was awake. "Ho i not" said the lady "and need not uo disturbed." 1 1 ho seat was taken fur ynu ?" inquired iiic inueepcr. "Certainly." "Oh, very well we'll not disturb tho gentleman the stage is ready. Madam jump in." Airs. Fiizconncll jumped accoruingiy, ami was soon nn her wav to ium, P.-HHWJ4 uiu Galium aim nn1 generous Major to provide another con voyance and a new wife, nt his leisure. GRAPHIC DESCRIPTION. Tin; i:pu.nri.nr scknk wr.nsTEii rives TIIK DEKI) MASACIIUSnTTS .NI VIItfilMA. The following spirited description of a most memorable scene is from the speed ol llcnry A. Wise of Virginia, recently delivered at n dinner given to him al Nor folk. We regret that wo cannot transfer tho whole of this very able and eloquent spueou to our columns, it has been too much the fashion in some ofthc extremely neutral Whig papers, to speak lightly of Mr Wise; on tho ground that ho has not squared his speech and conduct by tho most rigid rules of parliamentary decorum. In talent as a speaker wo consider Mr. Wise at least the equal of John Randolph, and in honesty of intention and intrepidity, of character, ho has no superior in Congress The zeal with which ho bn) devoted him self to expose tho abuses and corruptions ol tho administration tho industry, tho perseverance, tho energy, tho fearlessness with which ho has pursued what ho con. sidered his duty to tlio country, entitle him to tho respect and esteem of all the true friends of civil liberty. Despcratcdiseascs arc not to bo cured by light remedies, and if Mr Wise has freely used the knifu and mo caustic, it is became tho miserable condition of tho body politic would yield lo no moro lenient applications. Let any man read Iho following descrip lion oi tno hxpunging sccno the present a tiou of tho Protest tho tribute to Mr Web ster tho passage between Loigh nnd Hon ion tho allusion to Rives the consunin lion of Iho disgraceful deed, with its jnci dents and consequence -and tho final np peal to Massachusetts and Virginia then deny if ho can that Mr. Wiso possesses in it distinguished degree many of tho most CSSC"lml nl,ributl!S " br""BI'1 "d P "IVQ toti. And if ho feels Ins indigua Hon kindledand his blood coursing muru rapidly through hid veins at merely read. ing these impassioned descriptions let him imagine what would bo their effect when sot oft' with all I he attractions of a sincere nil commanding eloquence -and hoight encd witli all the excitement of an interest cd popular assembly. The scene of the 16th of January 1007. in the Senate of iho U. Slates, never has been and never will bo described as it was I hat day iho Senate fell trampled under thu feel of a tyrant's slaves. About 4 or 5 o clock P. M. tho House of Representa tives! adjourned. The members generally, all of the mess to which I belonged, lint,- tencu io their dinners as usual. Jui kre White (of Tennessee) was of my mess, and we waited for him wo waited until it wa concluded the senate would sit until ni-rht: and sit ever so Into, it was known by all who know him, Unit he never lefi his seat until the Senate adjourned. When l had finished mv mea I ookod out towards the Capital and saw the Sen ate flag still Hying. What can detain

thoiu so ? was tho question: and--Thov nro upon tho Expunging Resolution, was the reply. Is it possible lhat they ireal tho farce so seriously as to bum a candle over it! Yes, indeed, this night Ronton is letcrinincd to plav the play out. Then I determined to sco tho play. No play did 1 lind it no farce in lact ; it was a solemn. nffecting tragedy; it was the obscquiost)f a record, of truth, of tho constitution, of the Senate. I wont up lo tho Senate cham. bcr, the candles were lighted the light of day was not the light lo shine upon iho in lornH orgies ot erasing a truth Irom a rec ord which men were sworn "o keep." lion l entered tlio room where once a Senate sat, I heard, if there bo any true hcailed ISorth Carolmean present I beg Ins pardon, I heard a Strange voice from the Land of bleep. Il came upon mv ear in feeble, broken, tones, incoherently, as frovi a man muttering he know not what, in a dream, as if he v. ere ridden by the night marc. After this feeble voice had ceased, the strong and manly voice of a mind always wine a wane i nc mind ol a man who might be presented to the world as a speci men of America's sons strong in frame wrought into labor's mould a laborious man, always practical a son of Virginia, a Senatur of Ohio, a man of the West, a man truly of the people, who has done mere honor to them lhau they can do to hun; ho has vindicated hi-i origin and thoir character. Thomas D. L. Ewinr snake man should, every argument or pre tence of argument to Ehamu for doinrf a shameful deed, When he had concluded, Daniel Wcb- wior, wim, wltv.ii vim nave said tlio worst of his politics, is the same giant of intellect still; Daniel Webster roso anil rcud for himself and his colleague, and the State of Massachusetts, a solemn protest, which for simplicity aid beauty of style, for cou cent ration of strength, and clearness of argument, for tone and temper, for dignity of thought and expression, nnd for e.7ova tion of moral feeling, is uusurpassGil, I veil lure to say by any state paper of any time lor any occasion. Whilst rending this paper there was not a whisper; silence seemed to approve every word and every sentimeni; a ueep and even painful attcn tion seemed to promise that a conviction was wrought in the minds of many, and all seemed as if just arreted in the act of per petrating some Horrid deed, uniiitention ally, from which their minds seemed for a moment to revolt. Hope rose within inc--that is tin; word, lhat is the speech, that is the paper, nothing more, nothing les lhau what I prayed for then. If any thing could have touched the minds and hearts ofsuch men, the protest of Daniel Wolistor and John Davis, of Massachusetts, would have wrought upon them. Nevor, never shall I forget the manner in which ho ut tered the word "wo have collected our selves to witness this scene." He spake triumphantly of Massachusetts, sho stood erect she had not bowed tho knee or thu neck her toil was mired with tho best blood of the revolution. I was losing my-t-elf I wildly looked to the seats of Vir ginia Senators Whoro was Leigh? Whore was Tyler? I could have shrieked for I hum tho genius of Virginia did agonize. No Leigh, no Tyler was there--they wero already dragged out from those seals.: snatched from tho ilofcnco of the journal, of thu Senate, ofthc Constitution. io such deed could bo done with such men there. No, never, never; for well I remember the speech of Leigh; it can never be. forgotten by Uenlon or Rives, or any one who heard it. It made Rives look like ho did during tho actual sceno of expunctiop like what Judge Wilkins call ed Johnny Ncnl.-said he. "Johnny Noal you nro u smttll man;" ho mndo Henton look like ho felt in tho Chapel when he was expelled from college at the ago of 20, weighing ICO pounds nctt, for potty larceny. Yes, sir, Mr. Leigh was giving many beautiful and appropriate philo logical illustrations from tho Holy Scrip tures, to show tho meaning of the verb "to keep" at lasl ho paused, raised his spec tacles. settled himself hack upon his short leg, naught his left wrist in his right hand, and fixed his pyo directly and fully on Tom lienton -ho seemed lo pierco him through and through. I had seen the painting of Adam and Eve, thu picture of the temptation. I had criticised that painting for the attempt to paint vissiblv the influence of tho Serpent upon tho fair mother oi us all. l had thought that an inlliiciico could not ho painted. Rut when i saw ijeigu iook at Jienton, l ot onco yielded the criticism 1 could soo some tiling going straight out of Leigh's eve directly through him. If it had been a kcon, cut ing, two edged sword, piercing j to tho dividing asunder of his joints audi ho shrunk up to oiiu half Ins diiiiiusious, Ho covered Ins face wiih his hand; ho fell and could in aimed a pistol all the lime, and tired a balli true into his side, ho could not. Imvo hurl him worse than when ho terminated the o win l pause by saying "And, Mr. Presi dent, in that catechism which tny mother taught mo. 1 learned to keep to keep my hands from picking and stealing, and my ttmgucfrom evil speaking" i prayed for n Leigh again I looked around and saw Rives! I could not desist from speaking to him. I did tell him "Sir, 1 would so God that this cup had to pass from you." lie seemed to tno to feel humbled, and he replied in substance, and nearly in words "If any one supposes that this sccno is gotten up by mo, il is n great mistake." lie said more, tho amount of which was, as I supposed, thnt he never expected to bo brought up actually to the damned deed. I could not pity, him he fell below contempt, (teuton know ho had played the hypocrite, ho know ho was con scicnco-stricken, ho knew he had before the respect of many men of worth in the opposition, of which ho (Henton) had none. he knew it would bo the bitterness of ashes to his taste to he forced to vote actually for expunging, and ho was determined that Rives, his rival, should be as odious as himself ho drugged the cup for him, held il to his lips, licit him to it, and made him drink it to the dregs. lie made more gri maces, showed moro nausea than a tick man. Ronton calculated rightly: he has sunk in self-esteem and in the respect ol otherrf over since, lie bullies htm and bluffs him and his friends, and Rive is al' ready playing second fiddle to Heiilon. The latter is ashamed of nothing he glo ries in his total want of principle and shame When Webster concluded, there was for a moment a dead silence, which was soon however, broken by ihe harsh tones of Ren ton, who rose and asked if the question was divisible. INo, said the chair, it is one entire rr solution. Yes, the whole or none had lo bo swallowed tho faithful seemed to be feeling thoir gullets for tho attempt The question was called for and taken by yeas and nays. J ho vole has been pub lished, nnd tho names aro doomed to tluir fame nnd infamy. It wns decided that the deed should bo done. When? was asked Now, now, said Henton. No time for re lenting was lo bo given. Then or never Ronton asked if the blanks were filled, and named the 17lh for the day ofthc date. No, no, was exclaimed, it is the lOih "The 16th then," said ho. The blank was filled, and the Secretary was sent for the journal. Ho was nut bui a moment. Ho returned through iho door in front-of the Vice President's chair, bearing tlio book, tho journal, in his hand. It seemed to me to speak. 1 personified il a human victnr. A truth wns to be bloHc' from ' ' was a forbidden deed. Ronton appeared the fiend god of the scene ofsacrilege. IIo alone scorned erect, chuckling and trium phing over truth, i lic Secretary of the Semite looked like an executioner, ilu laid Ihe bonk down upon the clerk's table, he bore it open and pressed it down as if the book was resisting his ruthless violence. Pressed open wide, he took the pen, dipped the accursed instrument in gall of hell s blackness, and wrote across the face of Truth the word "Expunged, iSic." silence had reigned until at this moment ho raised the ruler by which tho black lines wero to bo drawn, silence then became unsufferable groans and hisses came burning hot from tho indignation of galleries and lobbies and every place. Hearts swelling wiih unut terable agony spoke out in tones of human suffering which could no longer bo endured. The fiend god sprang to his fuel and grated harshly in tones of I bunder "Ruilians! Rinnans! linnu llulhans!" clear the galleries! Ordor! Order!" wero ihe sounds which reverberated through the hall; "No, nn, don't clear tho galleries," said Henton "the innocent thin are punch od seizo the Humans, seize the bank Rul fiaii3 and bring them to tho bar." It was sir, nt this moment, that I loo was in danger of being seized; for it re quired all my self possession to refrain from telling the luminous wretch thai lie was thu vilest rulfinn in tho nation. Tho sor. geant-at-arms rushed to the gallery. The sccno seemed to require a victim, a citizen for a victim, and Ihurc was one found. A genteel, well drcs-ed and intolligent look ing gentleman, from tho Stale of Ohio, was seized nnd dragged before the Senate. Some question arose about a quorum, and ho was taken from tho bar to a place bo. hind tho seals of Senators. Tho question about the quorum was settled tlio victim the citizen, was not ordered lo bo bro'i again to the bar; ho was not asked if he was guilty of a contempt ; no witness wa examined" n to his guilt or innocence ; but Ronton again nro--e. and wiih nil his infer nal and malign effrontery about linn, com menced a homily about decency and good behaviour he said nothing about lioue-ty and probity. IIo then imputed the actio tho man, without proof or examination, imputed the intention of guilt to him, fixed tho punishment to wit: a moni galhng and nftonsivo lecture from his polluted &. impious lip- inflicted the punishment without waiting to know if a single Senator agreed with him in opinion, and then moved lor Ins ignominious discharge, wlnthout giving him an opportunity of being heard in his defence. To his credit, the Senator f.Mr. Morris) of Ohio vouched for tho gentlemen's ro spectability and claimed for him the right of being heard. This was denied him, uti. less ho would purgo hitiHolfon oath ol a contempt as to winch there had not been ollori'd n utile nf evidence. Tin ! verdict and judgement of Rnnloii nlouo were then earned into execution tno ciuzen wa discharged, nnd when ho asked, himself, if ho could not bo allowed the humble privi- lego of being Irani, tho reply from lh" Prcsidiut pro tout ,Kiig, of Alabama) was "Take him out ol the House ! Thu words bounded lo mo, hko tho winds of the tyrant respecting n Roman citizon -'Mluld him to the work an American citizen was seifc od and scourged by the scorpion tongue" of rum ISunlon, in public, lor daring to ex press Ins indignation at a ruthless violation of Ihe constitution, committed in his pres ence, by slaves calling themselves Senators and guardian- ol public liberty, to grainy the pleasure of a tyrant No, I nm loo fnst; il is not known nnd never has been inquired into to this day. whether the man was guilty of that high crime in tins ireo- country. 1 lie body in whese presence no wn. was not tho Senate, it was a miserable cabal of a tyrant's tools sitting upon no tnaltcr on winch the Senate of the United Stales could act. As soon ns tho excite menl created by tho arrest of Lloyd ceased, Isenion inquired if the work was done "it. is done,'1 replied tho clerk He asked again, and tho elm i r replied, it is done "very good, very good," said Henton in impious imuaiion oi tno ucuy uinceii. Ho was iho 1 lend.god ofthc work, and alt obeyed him of his parly. The. Senate ad journed, I went to the clerk's table and viewed the journal, mutilated as it was, tin I would havo loookcu upon the dead uouy of a fellow being murdered in my presence. lienton camo up to sec with his own eyes that tho work was well done He bliowed about as much revulsion of mind ns ho would if he had been tho murderer of a fel. low being over whoso dead body he was standing and wiping Ins weapon. IIo ask ed lor the pen, and bore oft' the accursed instrument as a trophy for king Andrew for whore sake the Journal had been c:: punged, the con-tilution had boon broken and the Senate humbled and disgraced Oh ! my follow citizens, 1 saw nnd felt nnd suffered more on that occasion than I shall ever endoro again, I hope for the sake of a devoted country and its institution?. What was most wounding was to know that Virginia was there present and consen ting tu tin death. 1 saw Massachusetts, old Massachusetts, the elder sister of Vir ginia, there Massachusetts who, whatever may have been her local politics, whether democrat or federal; no matter how sho has diftorcd with Virgina about mere quesi lions bitwccn the plough and tho loom, about a larift'or a bill of internal improve mentMassachusetts who has ever been side by side with Virginia in defence of tho old common stocl; principles, tins funda.. mental principles of free government Mas sachusetts who stood up in the Northj whilst Virginia stood up in tlio South, du ring the night, of the Revolution, their tresses streaming in the howling tempest of the war against civil liberty and tho rights of man, winch swept across the Ocean encouraging each other to endure to tho end holding the lights high up Hancocks vw"i-i i lI-.r,o 1 lUiirjv to Han cocks the House of Rurgcsscs to Faneuil Hall and Faneuil Hall io tho House of Hurgesscs When 1 saw old Massachusetts again, when wc were thrown back onlhoso same fundamental, dear and sacred princi ples on which Massachusetts nnd Virginia and all, havo ever heretofore been united, reaching out her arms and appealing, call ing again niTeuiionaiely and touclnnglyi Virginia! Virginia! Virginia! I wept. Old Virginia teas not there; there was nd rcijnnic Is the elder sister of Jfassncfw ictls dead no mure? Oh God! is Virgin ia no more? -A can't believe it I am not willing to believe it. She shall rise ytt from her lethargy, sho shall redeem her self. She shall be herself again ! ! ! FALLEN GREATNESS EXPECTED. The London Morning Herald of a laid date says, "Almost all tho members of tho Rona par'e family, says the Prcssc, arc preparing to leave Europe, nnd io remove to tho United Sintes of America, in consequence of the ndvico of certain sovereigns who had constantly given them marks of their good will, and of the greater part of their old friends in France. They have them, solves felt that their remaining in coun tries where a degree of political agilatiott is constancy afloat, will expose them to in conveniences and suspiciun, however pru dent they may be; nnd late events havo convinced thorn lhat their tranquility de pends upon their withdrawing. Orders have been given for the sale of nil the im mouse estates t liny possess in. Italy; and in a few mouths there will not be left in Europe any one of tho family of Rona partc, except two females, whose stato of health disables them from bearing the fa tigucs of the voyage to America. Q tick Wark. llav) they do things ori Rock lliver. (.Michigan.) Nut long since, a young man reached a settlement on Mon day, surveyed Ins ground on Tuesday, built a house on Wednesday, 'got married' on F.idov. moved homo nil Saturday, and with Ins wife, like the rust of tho settlers, went to church on Sunday. A country schoolmaster thus decribes a money lender: "Ho serves you in tho present tense ho lends you in tlio condi tional mood keeps you on the suhjuntliv and ruins you in tho yufurc. Usr. op tub Omen. A writer on school disciplinu says, "without a liberal uso o( tho rod, it is impossible to make hoys smarW Perpetual .Motion discoverd al last. Hy the Georgia Messenger, wo learn that a Dr Stringfellow, of Macon, has actually discovered tho long sought and never be fore found perpetual motion. Tho editor thus partially decribes it : "Tho machine is verv simple, thu wholo consisting of a very low prices, yet comprising tho most ingenious and the most perfect principled of"" mechanism. It is comprised within it sq'iaro flume of about lit inches, nnd (he parin consist only of two perpendicular spindles, two hnnzmtal cog wliculs, a trumPo head, threu fiunll en-penfiioit chains, n spi'al spring and weight, and i