Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, June 16, 1837, Page 2

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated June 16, 1837 Page 2
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k It 1 0 A Y M C) II N 1 N (, .1 U N K 10. t i: ai i c u a x o u. Ai n ineeiing (if inhabitants tif IX i r liugton. hidden, by ndjonrnmenl, nl tin Court House, on tlii1 OHi day nf Juno lo'!7, in rciMMVo nnil net upon ilic ripnrt ot n coiino'iilee niptiiiiti'il nl n previous inooiin lo prepare ii pot it tciii Id tin) Legislnl lire, prnyitii; lor the prohibition of tliu tnaivufnc. Mire, wiln nnil use of ardent spirits, wilhiu tlit- Stall', nsnn nrilinnry drink. lion. IIKMAN' A LLKtN wo? appointed '(Jliuirinnii, nnil Gun. 1. Smw, Secretary. Tli'i object of I lie mooting having been alntod by tin; chairman, Charles Adams, L'sq., from ho enmtnit lec, appointed for that purpose, reported, fur the consideration and nvccplnnco of 'he meeting, the subjoined pet.'uion to bo prefer red to tlio next session of the Legislature of this state. Which report was accepted, and, on motion, said petition was adopted. A committee of six persons was appoint (), -consisting of Messrs. Win. Wp.stnu. Jco. A. Allen. John ttnrsinw, Coo. Moore, Gen. 1). Stinw mid Alinon Lawrence, to circulate copies of said pot it ion for Bigna turc, and, on rnnt ion, said committee were instructed to procure COO copies of paid petition to bo printed fur distribution in the county of Chittenden, Voted. That ihe proceedings of the meeting, signed by iho chairman mid Secretary, be published. Adjourned to Frid.iy lGth insl. II. ALLEN. Chairman. Gei. r. Shaw. Secretary. To Uio Hon. the General Assembly of the Slue of Vermont, to bo holden nl Montpelicr, on tin? second Thursday ol October A. D. 11137. The iinilnrj'iTiicil inhabitnnls. of the inwn of liurl.ingion beg leave respectfully to represent, that they consider the licence system injuritus to ihe happiness of the people and well being of the state, and therefore pray th,T the laws on that subject may bo repealed,!!, -id thai the manufacture, Hale and use of ardent .vpirits, as an ordiu. nry drink, may be prohibited. Your petitioner cui-ioVr the license sys tern ns founded in erroneous views, and resting on false principles nf public expe diency. The r-ysleni cannot be justified n i means nf rawing rove.niu!. No Stoles inan of enlarged views will place it on that ground. InJed. it is not attempted. On vhat ground, then, can .it be justified? Tim Unfile- jn ardent spirits is cither bene ficial or it is not. It' it is beneficial to the community, by throw into th" hands of a lew iiK-aflie, which tdiould be free to all: If it, is .not Injudicial, lb en, .-urely, no .license should lie grained. The Legish lurohave no inn Ml right to license a traffic, which is not be official. If the trafiiu is wrong, a legislnl ive license will not make 't riglil. Yiuir jietitinne r are awnre that the nn..,t of creating monopolies in certain iMseu is afMinied b V ilio Legislature, and it is no part of our ol iject to call the right in 0,'ieMion o f cxniiiin e the groui'ds on which it rests. It is suJlit iont to say that in all cases whoit ' " ',s opposable that the Lcnieliiiuro -H''1' f :tntilieli a monopoly, it will be in tlu oxpe ctolinn that the busi .net's will bu ben ''ficm I, nnd the right will 'at-, exercised on t. 'n- Jr inciplo tliat the pub 'ic . -ood requires t 6 rvlco' !1,ld t,lal 1 !c "bjJt't would be d. ,f,,f" b' couipeiition. h is o.n i bis priuciph ! fer ,itv turnpikes and banks, in; establishm ' ies ofthe t. 'n' the products .if industry i 'lmofreiiuc '"- been created in fire.., .row ruments. 'a "'"T ' considered t. .. film rnvnl r. reri 'gnlivo, but nro W...IIV inrnn, Uteni 'w he .genius of re ..Mi.iirnnUni The traffic in .'"dent spirits ,, the only tnoi H-poly ofthf. ' known in ,.,i,v n.l .... thing but Im ig u.-.:ige coses it i ,n Inlornto '1 fur n lllOllll nt. Thoro is no in-lancc. fifth e kind nod,!. Suiies rrovernmc n, n'n " ls ....i.,r ii,,,Ki',in nnvrniiipnl s ' the- United the only one Assuming the point thai the trnlTic in nnl out spi rils ,s lo-neficial, the Leg Ulmurolinve, "syourpe tnioncrs contend, i to innrc right to grim in monopoly of it than of any other article. II a monopoly should b e granted of 1,'m irnflic ,,, tea, coff.'c orsug ir. 0110 burst .of indig nation would nrUu tliroughoiit th o land, mid, yet. Iho cases, in principle, at o pre cisely nliko. The only possible g round, on which' the hccncfisys'tcin can be defended, is, Ha t n ,-rnural tale by nil, ul ploa.ure, would be .njurious, mid that the .hcenso operates to retrain the traffic w.ll.i.T reasonable limit. The business being Iaw, 'nl. legislative in terference is uiijuslifiable, nnil worse than useless as a direction lo ind ividual oxerliun. Men should be left to pimu v their private hn-ineti in their own way. Jl there is any in uiui - .. . ood reason lo restrain mo u.-iiuc ai mi. me reason is conclusive to show that it thuuld bo prohibited altogether. , That the the general use or spirits, drink, is injurious, is too dear to bo dis poved in Iho present statu ol jiiibltc inlor Innuon. Tunc has been, when iho prop dies mid nnituo of btiiiiuhiting liquors were not understood, and the use became very general, in iiiiuuch that we have been culled a nation of drunkards. The fiver it y of this reproach is in i'h truth, and the exertions ofthe patriotic cannot bo better directed than in removing the cmifc. That the uso of I'qnnr tend to itnpnvcr r-ti iho indiviilual who uw it, need not be proved. It will be admitted by all. There is ns little doubt that, our taxes for the support of the poor mid the expensed of Ihe administration of criminal law am increas ed by it. Thcs" expenses arc not paid by those who occasion thrni but, are thrown upon the sober, orderly nnd indusirious portion of comniilnily. If the use of liquor tended in any way to benefit thine who drink, the expense would be cheerfully borne by the benevolent; but when it is known mid admitted, that, in proportion to the extent of the use, id the ini'cry and dgreedatioii of tliou who drink, the subject becomes revolting. The thief who steals a sixpence miy be sent to the .State prison, mid yet, under color of a legal traffic, tliu hard earnings of the poor are taken from them, mid, what is worse, they are sent home, diprivednf slreng'h and reason, to a famished and nlll cted family l!ow long hhnll this degrading mid demor alizing cetirso lu tolerated for the pmful gam of a few ! Vnu r petitioners consider it oppros-dve that one cent should be taken Iroui their earnings to defray the expenses occasioned by tin traffic; but when, as nil know, th" amount of publ.c burthen is enormously inercaed, your petitioners consider they have a right to expostulate in strong anil decided terms. . There are other views of the subject, which cannot fail to arrest the attention ol every well wisher to his race. Our gov ernment rests upon the broad foundation of equal rights, and every power that can be exercised has its commencement in that of oniverral suffrage. Wo can hardly the stream to How full and clear, while the fountain i impure. Insa mournful fact that in ninny p'iri.s of the (Slate, our election not only occasion ttic free iwuof liquor, but are someliniei carried by it. Wuat secu rity have we, if the measures of our gov eminent can, in any way, be nfleetcd by the use of liquor? We speak as unto wise men. The use of liquor lends to destroy the intellect and reduces man lo the condition of u boost. The security of person and prop crty, is but a small partVn the doty of good governments. They have a graver duly in charge, that of elevating man to the high est point of winch his nature is capable. And He, in whose hands governments arc but n-A ruinenls for the liappino-s of uf rational children, will not bold them guilt lcsJ, who neglect llii? charge. One of the chief excellences of a republican govern ment, is its tendency, if rightly administer e l. beyond all oilier governments, to lead the pc Mile on to the Inglie-'t attainments in nod moral cultivation. In this point of view, the Hlj'ct of I In.; pel it ion nddrc-r-es itself, with p'Puhnr force, lo w consideration of I he General, Assembly and d-mmnds great firmness in the application of I lie proper remedies. Your petitioners beg have to call the attention of your honorable body to a fad, winch may not cxi-l in other towns, lo the aine extern thai it does here, to the vai ni-rease of the number of foreigners. They have iiieren-i'd beyond all former propor tion, and fiom their general de-l it ul ion ot character, we have ma-on lo he alarmed for Ihe con-i qoenees. They land on our whnrve-', mid enter our village Willi no knowledge of our customs, with no respect for our institutions, and no minciplcs lor their guidance. They in.iuii." ivelv wend their way lo the daily and nightly haunts of intemperance, and our own eiti.'jn.s are among the panders of iheir appetites. Strangers to moral cultivation, they seel; only the gratification of n grovelling appe tite and sink hi the the scale of human ex istence, until they become not only drones anil oregs 01 society, noi corrupt, anil ror rupting masses, procreating their own hk"-ni.-s. Tney slink away from our political and civil habits, from our churches nnd our schools, and are lo-l ught of, uniil fury and I Willi ll lion lime sei oil uri; oor passions, ailll men tney are loiinii amiii tne Howling tem pi st ungovernrd mid ungovernable. We come before your honorable body nnd nk to bo protected against this aggression upon our properly; to remove the cau-e that is mining, it It n f.-mfnl increase, lo iho amount of public expenditures, to nr re-t the evil, t lint is almost the only parent of crime, to throw over us Iho tlnelil of your power, and protect the fl'ate against the ravages of mi enemy, which is robbing our able bodii d citizens of I heir Mrongih, and leaves iIkmii emaciated in body, but mine enfeebled in mind. Vf, ns your petitioners believe, iho nian ufnclure, sale, nnd u-'eof liquor is injurious, the only remaining question is, ns to the moans' of (impressing it. Two modes present themselves. To leave the mailer entirely to iho regol'ilion of public opinion, or lo prohibit n by law. That the moral sense of community has a Ireiiieiidi'ius force is beyond doubt, vi -donee of this is found in Ihe change that has been effected, within n Jew vents in ihe gcneial liaUlf h ot the people. IJui no I'"" .' u.,u i ... s ..s limit, and, ns your petitioners believe, has reached .'lint limit I'ulilii: opinion l.ns aceoiiiphshed .'ill that can rationally he e. pected of H, linn' if any thing more h cllect. rd, it remains lo hu done by legisl.nive en actment. Public o. hi ton bus brought with, in the pule of teiiipi).riiiee. Iho great body of thoEO, who to habits of, reflection, join a tensa of moral resnoiii'ilnliiy, lint thuro a a class, who aru bclcw ihe iiifliicncu ol public opinion, and oolong ns liquor is I frauds and corruptions which wnuhl-m.d wit Inn Iheir reach, they will cntitinuo to will, ore long nslonish this nation. Amo drink, and Ihe ordinary "consequence wiU (..ndall went lo Wnihiii-'ton a bankrupt, lollow. It, j.s mourn in that any should , , -11 to such. It is a blot upon the honnn otfiltt year ngo and with a salary of ,ou.e elnracler. that Iho love of gain should in- j llircu thousand dollars has supported him luce a sale, wilh 11 certain kiiiwl-dge oiSt,( jn princely style now sports his the roiHpq'iciices. Tne oxen -Hilly ,,,,! ,f t.mj iifii c.ll n,.iher will. This Utruly'a poor nxciisc. bwi llioy. I who nnko it,ciinuoi well he Hiibj -cu'd h gal penalties, while they have u licen-e j in Iheir pockets isiied by order of law. How far this throws luck tint mora' nature "f Iho oft'Mico is not. lor us to del ermine, Villi r tw.l ill.,,.,... .... ....I e. i,ri,,...,,,l C I lin I power of habit ns to suntviso thai n l-'nl nroliilntion will be free from all clamor, but wo aru persuaded that, in iho end it would give great snlisfarlioti Thereuntil is olteo feelingly made by thoo wlm drink, that they are aware of tiin efl'ifls if their drinking, but lint as long as liquor s. with in their reach, they cannot restrain them- pIvps, and I hey ofiroi evpress a nosi ar dent wMi that all hqiinr was anniln'nied It is manife-t. that the tralliu i not n source of profit to merchants geuenlly. .S long ns it h ntilhori.ed some will dl, and i lew may realize a small profit. Tin mer chnnis, ns a body, aru men of enlarged views and pxpaii'led benevolenc . ind we hazard nothing in saying, that, as a c'ns, they will hail Ilm passage of n prohibitory l.iw. ns highly beneficial. The free iho of liquor has led jo tlio ci tnbli"hniPiit. in villages, of nutneroiH gne eeries. They nro the lint, hed.i of intem perance, producing a noxious i'row'h, do--t met ive of every Ihmg that u-'efol, and the sooner the are exHrpa'ed the b-Uer That some tavern keepers may compl i in i nrobable, for men will eeuiplam when their calling is in danger. It was thin in lb" lays of Demei riiis. who made shrines for Dmnn. and has (oiilinued ever since, nnd liie injurious naiire of the calling will noi always prevent tli" complaint. Th" lio-l. vlio ministers reasonable conifurt of his gucsK is a iiv ful man. and should be encouraged; but pood laveriH do not no nojarilv require license to sell a oovious article." It would bo a libel upon i he ch ir. acter of our mornhnd uiielligeni travellers to suppo-e that taverns cannot be nniniiiin. ed without n license to sell an ariicle.wh'ch by common consent, is nearly banished from polished .-ocipi y. Tnni a legislative prolebitinii will be of. teclual. vour peiilioocrs misi firmly believe, The love of honor is not natural. U i- owing lo an acquired last!, ns in Hip cae of tobacco. It been nrodueoJ by tlie ivrnouv ol costotn, and il.o remedy h to he foood . the removal of the e.-.u-e. We have a powerful deuions'ralion of lids in the ease of females. The females of tiii - country are, comparatively, free from ",- temperance, and it is owing to ihe obvious fact that ii,,, ivrauny of cu-totn has not compelled tliem'to drink. To nil pradicil purposes liquor has been prnhilnteil to litem. I'lace man in the same sit nut ton and the lik" consrquenccs may bo anticipated. Your pel ii nuiers, as members of rhe comrnuuiiv, have tin interest in what in creases the burthens of that community; as lovers of their race. lhny desire to do all in iheir power lo elevate then-bre'lireo, and render their banploe-' more complete. Confiding in ihe iniel'igeuee and patriotic wi-hes ol your honorable liodv, this peti tion is submitted, in the perfect confi leore that Ihe snlij"ct will be examined with I hat care and a'tention which i's important tin lure demands, and thai you will adopt such ineasincs ns you b"li ve will add lo the prosperity and happiness ol the people ol this State. liuvlintim, .JuiicO, IR37. V.'IIKJ STATC OONVKNTIO.V. Wo understand IhM lliehist Waichinan which wo have not received contains a call for u Stale Convention. Wc do not comprehend the reasons for this tnea-iire We sen no occasion for il, whatever. Thoro is but one opinion, so far as wo can learn, as in stale officers, anil that is. in fa vor of the present able end worthy incum bents. All that remains then is for Ihe several count ies to organize mid mako their own nominations for Senators, and this can be better done nl homo than nt Montpelicr. Under all the circumstances, it sliikeg us that this tax might well be dispensed with one half of which judiciously impropriat ed in circulating correct information milling the people would produce vasty more liene lit in the parlv. These are our views subject however to the decision of a major. ily of our political brethren. Wo understand lhat tliu Rev. Ceo. G. Ingersoll, of this place, has accepted i he ap pointment of Orator, and .I.iuics (J. Urooks I'l-q., of Albany, lhat of I'uot, before the Literary Societies ol the University of Ver. muni at the, approaching Couiiuchcetiioiit. Whil-l the Globe is charging the present embarrassments of the country upon the merchants and businesi men, it may not be amiss to remind the people of the agency the government ofiieers themselves, have hud in theso "wild speculation." The truth is, that Kendall & Co.nfter gelling piissessinn of the Treasury, used it to their heart's content for the purposes ofspcciila lion, nnd when they had made investments enough, then clamored for n specie circo lar, to enable them to dispose of their funis &o. nl mi ndvance. And further it appears that Kendall was paid 50,000 by a hind company for the beur (it of Ins inlluonco at Washington. Tlio following extract from Ilalleli's report of Ihu proceedings of ihe investigating comiiiiiteu last winter, shows pretty dislinctly what would havo been proved, had the majority of lhat commiitce permitted the truth lo appear. Jiut, be it remembered, this committee, (hough o.-lee. Mvuly appointed to investigate, was in fact a white, washing cnininitiee, selected fur the purpose of covering nnd concealing coach, and ts reported lo be worth hall n million. Is there any wnndor that the people sufi''r? ,iq ir,t,)n ,v. ,r, ivi.n in Mr. Komilij "(!. Il.ivn jon, or inn, Ikmi dirccilv 'nr imtliiri. Iv hili'ieoed nr fmif-ci iip.I in ilie puiihie nl. anil in ft"''-"! "I'M in, ilm n-i-n.iitoii. of I'm Cuik nr nl" '"' lll'll.llH, Slllfl' till ll lU Ill'CII ill lIlU lllllCU of Sei'irl.irv nf Snne "f Jliji'i'O d In !iv llr. Alum, nnd irjcRlpil, "(In'iMiinii hv ,lr Wi-e In Air Unhide: "l)i miii liiMiv.of jinir ktiiivvlciljp, nr finni 1 1 in inf ii in imiiii iti'ino'l In. in i Iii-iii . ulieihri' liny 'iDici-t s or meiit ol'llii! Tichiiiv l)'..o mieiil, in' of nnv oilier llvinlini Hep n ini'iil, sinci! llm -III 'if M.nrli, IS29, ham been laienle l nr ninerinpd In pni rli win.' nr spccnl iliii in die. pnlilii: l.iiuls ? II mi, liitn .ill ill il vm kiniiv or mi! inf.iniieil nf, hv i In nfiif crs nr niTi'Hti ilirni'i-lii", ns In their pni'1 i Ii ifs .tn spcrnl iiIiiim .ifiiri'.'.iiil. "CHiii'i'led In hv Mr lliinn a iil, mi'l lejrclcd.

'(iiie.iinn In Mi- in lo Hi' I'iihii'. ".'5. I) i inn kiviw, or li no Min hn n inf n me.l Ilim, nlicihci' lin; linn. .Inlni l-'nrsilh, Sim'M'Iiii v of, is miiv, in- ll is Ihtii, per-'iin.illv inieieied in pin rli mil.' in- spcr ii'.ilin in ilia lOi-i v illous nf llio Clerk nr iiiIiit mis' "Olije-inl in hv Mr Mann, ami iTjeeird. "!iielinn hv Mr. Wieio Mr Mimi-Ii nv; "1. Ii Amu' I, end. i II now, or h i he lieen ciiiro lin h.i. heeii mi '.xi-iniiisn nllii'i'i', a inenihei' nf nnv cuiiip inv I'M' ilm pin i Ii ir n( ilie piildif I. mil,.' II so, Male uli.U I'unipain , nnd llii! exioiit nf hijinic lest. ftijrrlr.t In hv Mr Mnnn, and irjTlrd. "I)id die mi I Ainiis Kend ill in.iKo nnv ndvinirn to the en pi 1. 1 1 nf Miili rcmi i.i n t And if so, in III. inner .i- die Mini pinctnt'd nnd iiilv.oiced! "i llij I'led In hv Ale Mann, nnil lejeiMcd' ' U ie-li nl hv Ml' Wi-e In Mr llen-lnw: "1. Ii n iiilk.nil.isp "I' lienelit Ain riiiiienipl ili'd G uni ilie '.od imi Keml.ill tier, lining ,i member uf .-.nil eiiinp.oii t "Olij'Tied in tiv Mi' Pierre, and irjprlcdi '(Ini-tlnii I iv Mr Wi-e In A3i' llcnli uv. "Did "mil Kend ill nt nnv lime, and, iffn. uh -ii, npplv In he nde i-e l finni s.iid I'ninp.oiy I n l, if "i, h ll le.WHK del lie n-in then lot ! "(II jei-led In hv ih . iU.oin. n id lejeeied. "(liii-'iiiin hy Mr vVi-n lo Me llen-li.u: "!) 1 1 .nc Mm miy iiifnriii u tun nl pemitu iolr- leieil iili Mr Ken, I.i II in ilm pi oil's nf hn iiig siml selling pidilie I. ind' " iHurr liy Me lleii'li.iw: "I line no iiil'.iini liinu nf .inv pt'inn' intciet'd, nt thin lime, wiili Mr Km I. ill in ihe pnifil.t ul buy ing and selling piihlir. I, mils." Xor oiiji:c rr.i) to! and why noi? The committee had their cue. They knew Mr Ilonhaw could he trusted to answer it. Kj r Kendall had withdrawn sold nut nr l,iicnctllnljr0l wmi0fui some way or oth or of Ins engagements with the American j hind Company or some other great spec J ,i,iiing companies of the day; and of this i XVit Iiilra wal, t ho comrr.ittoG had information, , , Therefore the question was ml objected In. Hut mark the next question a question of ,,rccjsey i!C same naturemerely invol- viug the difference of the past nnd present tcne. (noiii'iii by ilfr WNo m Mr Ifen-liau! "10 I nn nnv in'n m o inn ol pi'innis ulm hnvc linen inieie-led iliili ili' Kendall, unre lie ll i- hern mi Iaitiii We nlli.'ei , in III pinfils nl liny, in nnd M'llinj pntdn: l.oi.l-! If mi, stale " l.o lo hy Mi r.ol,', nnd nji'iacd." CREDIT THK POOR MAN'S LIFH. 1 1"111 employment. There ,s n comoeii. I lion lor occupation. Wnee.- , nnd it nl! Wealth is the result of Production nnd cap'tali-ts imilnte Mr. Hellion' example. 1',-oiliicttou is the re-olt of Ihe combined!"'"1 net upon General Jackson's principle, applu-aipiii of Labor and Capital. Without "rl'!l1 di-fe-s inevitably ciimics Mean capital, H is obvious Hint, labor can do but j while Mr. IiulliotiV million, wnen little: and capital is unite ns helnless with collected fiom thnso who have been cm mil the aid of labor. The interests then of labor and capital are coincident not antag onist. Any state of Hung which benefits Ihe laboier benefits Iho capitalist ; nut! when lie capiiah-t suffers the laborer can not e.-enpe from a participation in his mis fortunes. There can h' no production without capital. I!ut should all production lie erefore conliti' d tolhe canilali-t? Snonhl those who have all the caninil be permuted lo engross nil the production .' Certainly not. Tlio large capitalist cannot siiperin. lend Ihe employment of all Ins means, wnli advaiitBi! lo hiuise i or the coinmuui' v. What then is he to do with his capital? If it is specie shall he hoard H ? It" it. i. land, shall he leave the l.iml uuiiiled? If it is in workshops and machinery, shall he keep his work-hoes closed and his machine ry unemployed ? livery man of course answers without hesiiaiiou in the negative. The next que.. Hon lunches the employment of ihe rich inn n V capital. II"W can this be inrst hep. elhunlly used? Ily leaning il to iru-lwor.. I by individuals, who can I hcinselves super intend its employment. Here we enter lite province of credit. What, is ciikihi'? The facility of borrowing capital. Who desires and n.-es cr.unir? The coon si.w and not tin; rich. The capitalist has no need of credit, and very frequently neglect. the means requisite lo secure it. A man who can draw n check on his banker for all lie wants, has no call ", , r that kind ol eoininereinl credit which would enable linn to m gocia'c u bill on time. It is the I'oon M.w then who wants Ciu'.dit: and it is the l'oim Man who dn rivon all the ml vantages of Cm: hit whim: it is tiii: CAPITALIST WHO I'.U.NS .M.I, tiii: RI'K. Take an instance. Mr. Uullion is a re lired capitalist wnrih'a million of dol'ars. If llus properly is siillered lo be idle, it is of no sorl of benefit lo any living being. For nny good derived from it hy society, it might as well be in the middle of the sea. lint Mr Jiullinn is desirous of making some u-o ul his cr.pital, in n way lhat may prom isi: a icnsiinuhlo return lo himself, and nt the Minn; tunc contribute In I In; means and enjoyments o iho-e about him. What course ihou does ho pursue? Ho deter mines lo loan his capital. And lo whom? The rich mm does not require it. lie must loan it then to men in business whu do need it--whose capital is honesty, nidus try, know ledge ol their business, ami punc lunhiy in fulfilling their engagements. a capiinl situated nUogcthcr in their heart, lion il and hands. Ho loans therefore n portion nf his cap ital to a ship-builder as much iimro lo a iiianiifacluror io a mason a wool-merchant u liiiiise-huilder nn importer n farmer n silk-groweriuul in men eugng. ed in vuriuus other branches uf demotic indiibtry. Thus by the process ol Cukimt, the rich man's capital h so disiributed ns In I produce tlio greatest possible nuniint. of good lo society. Ii Flnniilalps productive industry. It creates n ih inn ml for labor. ll of cniirse raises the wages oflnbor--wliieh like every ilnng cl-e depend upon the relative demand nnd supply. I'.'ing thus possesaeii of the rich man's c umtai.. the uvinuliiciurers. Iho laruiers, i ho mechanics, llio merchants, goto work upon il. They cmnlov liAiiort. They have the menus of paying labor, and oil her weekly or dally the wages of labor are paid. The laborer is nut nsked to work upon credit. lie receives his prompt remniiera lion. He runs no risk. All thai the bor rowing nnil lending in Ihe ense has done is lo L'ivo linn employment nnd wages. When the products of combined cum T,r,, citr.ntT nnd i.aiioii llicn, nro ihrown into the mnrket when the crops nre raised t'lo ships liuili iho house,- erected and the broadcloth' nnd kerseymeres ready lor the counter of ihe retailer what is ihe sit. oiti'iti of the Inli.irer? lie has found cm ployment and received his warus. lie has eaien. drank, nnd been clothed. Whatever ony be the loss on the products of his labor his own share of its result- is secure. How is it with I ho employer nnd lb" capit alist? The stale of markets may b" such that the ships, lii'iise. and woollens miy nil be sohl at u profit. In that case all mrlies are gainers. The capitalist is paid for hH cipitnt the merchant or mauufne'iircr h pud for lo credit nnd enterprise atvl Ihe laborer sufi'-is not hing.becaue ins employ, ers havu reaped a benefit corresponding in their respective interest?. lint how is it. when I he reverse of nil this is I hn case ? How is il when there suits of production will not bring an equiv alent for ihe capital eouHuuieil and tin: la bor employed? How is it when the homes aim nips are sooi ai a lo-s .- no -utters , o .Ins case ? I,,, laborer? it a. nil. KI37. nt 10 o'clock. A. AI.. and .hat ,. c , It" has received his nay ... adyamm. I. ,sM.t ,- . , , c ilfecnuil-vcr. who h ,h..s unihle ... follil ,rodet iv,-c Ws. mid lha. ihey conl.n ue' h,s engagements with the cap.tal,-. and ,v nrljornn,et, to meet ..nnl the desired thereby loses his Cr.i:ir: and Ihe lender obj-ct he attained himself, who receives bick only a port,,,,, fith. j, ,tVK rn).lhrr runhaU .,.,,, w of his advances, and thus loses n portion ol ihe American Insii'uie was incorporated U'lm'!r!,i'Bn'iPc r, ,i ... J"' ""cenrage airriculinre. eotrimerce. man- '" '". ivui:i)iT.- no runs nil ine ri-i;s, nnd su-tains all the lo-ses ofthe system? The c Who derives all lb" bnnefit. in ihe stimulation of nterpri-e. Ihe com pet ii ion for libor. nnd Ihe cocscniieiit ml- vance ol wages.' i"in r.. i!'iiii:i Who ..... ....... ..... ,,11'ui. . i no capo a on. v no can Co me lung wu I, . Ollt cr.'llll? Till, llinn V I, (V . . . ........... , ' fro... the destrurlion of credit? All whom credit has hither,,, employed kM .)...-.- ei .. i. .mi liner naviiiir loaneo to ins own prom anil 1 tin t ol his borrowers at any rnte lo the benefit ol all the labor ers whom Ins capital has employed- l Id become nil at unco n convert 'lo General Jack-on's notions, and make up his mind lhat. a i r. who do hummiss on iii.nunwf'.i) caimtai, ouriiir to r.ituAi;. Having lo come a good aduiinistrnlion man, he call in Irs loans. He says to the ship builder mercanl htiti-e-builder mason mechanic "pnv up." What becomes of all t Iks industry they have set in nnil ion ? What becomes of Ihe i, lieu I hey hove ptiri ? t. h of lie ce-sitv discloiM'ed. 1 luudrcds a re ihrown :' ploying it, remains niilonned and unused. and the means which once lid and c'oilieil thousands of human beings, now feed only lb" selfishness and r.varice of a single indi vidual. And the men who have joined Ihe cru sade ngiiiHi cr.liniT c'nim lo be the Poor Alan's Friends ! They shut up your unno factories I hey bankrupt your meii lnnl s Ihey destroy confidence i,ev dimmish the j prices ol lalior, or deprive ll ol cmpl yinerit I 'hey spread aboir iheni general di-i rc-s. I "''ni iv nun oi-p in- aim men proc.nim li-tnav and ih-piir and llicn i cxnlmiioii i,,,i nil Hits ihey do from their I ction :or I tie r.'iin: J,pt ns n-k ol 1 1, I'oor what hi ii"lit havo you ever derivi fiom tins e!.i-s of individuals.? Have ihe most c'mnouriius of litem ever donen-iv thing for your advaeccincni ? Is it iv Moore and Churchill ('. Cnmhreleng who have distributed MILLION'S nnMIL LIONS in the wages ,.f LAliOR or is n lb" :.ii:i;cihnt whom ihey have b"en daily a.-sniling lor paying these millions from the ri'soinces of the capitalist! Is n Willi uti Foster who pays Ins aunuil MILLIONS lo Iho laborers of Ma--nehuse, l.s, or is p Abbott Lawrence. And yet it i, ilm daily eli'irt nf soeli iuilividiiaks as CamhrelenJ, Moore nnd Fo-ler to excite the di-lio-t, the envy, the nmniosilies of th; working r.lases against the men whoso industry, capacity and resources furnish iheni will, daily employment and daily bread and aga ti'I lhat very sv-ieui of ciir.niT which alone provides ihe I'oon an equivalent for (he capital of tliu liicir. The Globe and other administration pa pers, with theuinsi consummate impudece now say lhat the present troubles in our business nfi'iirs, nre ju-t what liiey hay predicted, nil along. Wo know nothing thai equals their assurance unless it be Ihe exclamation of the Iri-h pilot when he run n ship on the rocks. 1 1 was conducting a ship into purl. The Cipniui seeing thai lie was a 'doolie corned," nnd dunking he wis deviating from Ihe channel, iisked h:m if ho was not going wrong. "Arrah, let me alone for lhat," said lie with an rich Iri-h brogue, l,don'i I know every :ock in Ihe harbor?" The last, word was hardly uttered when die ship si nick heavily upon a sunken rock, when the pi'ot instantly continued "ami thai ii one of litem." AMKRICAN INSTITUTE. Al n meeting of Ihe American Institute nf (he Citij of Jw Vr,; lirld at Clinton Hall, in mid citij, on the lllfi dm o Iii.57, it wis liesolvcil, 1st. That iho present condi tion of our cnuinierciiil community general ly is thai of the most painful embarrass, ineiit, mid that die distress is rapidly extending to nil tlio other occupations mid departments, of productive industry, mid that thousands of our most industrious mid useful citizens have been dismissed by their pmnfoyors. and their wages. Iho role rpli line,! for i heir dnily food, their clothing and habitations, have within a few daVd"beon ctitiinlv cut off C'd. That it in of viial importance, that the rausMH of this widespread diMrtss diouM lin early and fuPy understood, so that remedies, as ns 'practicable, may be provided for existing evils, and preven tives, to guard against future evils. IJd. That, in the opinion of Ibis Institute, the multitude nf di-cordant views pnnnul. L'.'itcd, in relation lo iho cause? of our present disastrous condition, have led to popular errors, that have in n measure turned Ihn public mind from the accumu lating debt in favor of foreign ontinn, which the repeal of countervailing prntec live dulios has swelled against us, which is now pressing on our banks, and iucapa cialing tlicin from adtnUtoriug rcli-jf to their suffering customers. lib. That the only way to correct the public iiiui.l, nnd n-tore confidence, reeu Inrity. and prosperity, h hy ihe ilis.,.mina lion of correct knuwled."- among th,. pPn. pie. ns to th" prominent causes of our em -barrassineot, and by producing a general concert, of neiioii in applying Miilnble remedies. " " Si Ik iw nho J.Vwrm, That a fJen ernl Conveniion of representatives from nil the prothriivo portions of oor country, without distinction of parties-, for the ppr.' tune of n foil noi! cnndiil exchange of seniinieols. nod it thorough invest ignl ion of cause nnd effect, and concert in a"clion, would grenly conduce to a lavoorable stnto is hoped, hereafter may prevent th,. recurrence ol thine- evils wuii which wo are now vi-ited ; and that it be reeoinuinioled. lint the said convention bo held at I' in n,,, .i..,,. ..r I) s-vlvnma on ilm fir.i l'r. ,1 , 'unoiures. and l lie arts, io it.,-- .mtn n.wt UnilPil Stales, it peculiarly appropriate, that it should rrcouimend and lorward siirh measMres a- are c ilculalcd lo advance ihe great intere-ls of unlii-try, and produce u sono'l and healiliv stm,. ..f ,1. .,,.. ,.,i ... ! neemllv no nenici,,,,- 1.1.,. .1 T ..' , i iii" oani;s ncl.-nnwleil.r,. hri r inahiliM i supply the r r n i i i r I I ' ' 1 .. ' eirru'.'Hiug medium. '"" every occno'i ion is cviieriencin" Iho most intioNe M.fier.n-r " 71 h. ay ;o,VC(. That, in i oriier lo render tin conveniion effective. ind procure n full renresentn! im, of busi ness men. ilelogntcs be mvited Irom all the sinicsi,i (..nit,,,, growing as well as Ihe gr.nn growing, manufacturing, and cotu iii"ical from cilirs. counties", lowii. and agricultural societies, incorporated inanu f.ieioring ami mechanic associations, as well as r;u !,,,! nn, pnna-j companies, nnd thai n comtn.iice be appointed, on behaM of lin-- liisiitnip. in eoo-oli with i!,n friends of naiiotinl indu-try, nnd solicit die con currence of all thus,. Iriendlv io thd fore going object,; nnd thai ineeiings he held lit an early day. in elect delegaTcs lo re. "pond to ihis rceoii, metid'i'ioo ; rj ml Ihnr soilnhle papers Im prepared and pulilisheil, in order to give publicity , (jn,,ven. lino nod its (,ij. cts. and ' lo niiprcs, ,, ; inlTi'sieil ihe fcositv r,f general nttcn dance, cone,.,', and co ooerntion. JAM MS TALLMADGK. f'i. Edwin Wii mams. Hermtlhi? So-. T. I!. W,, Corresponding Sec. rrrLvlitors of newspaper-. &c '. friendly to tin; cause of oniiooal lodns'rv, ihrnngh mil iho United Sta'p. will oblige the In siiiuie by giving the foregoing one or more insertions. L A U N C II . We nre informed that the new Steam Hont building nt H. IJarbnr, will be launched at -1 o'clock, on 'Pnesdnv nfiur. no ii. Tin: r.tniA.v ca cu;ir.n. WIicic.h in, i' i?iiiIii,Iii I,, nn. s,i .e.iiip.rit llll'nliSllulll nil ,i:o'is oI'dlfM. i-vicii-iw. iw.;..,,, il, ,, I run III urn le.ii Ii de-Hi hi in trt'ers. inn' I litis llllde nf nifitiniiir III,. in ill i, ,,,. IM-siint' DOUIOIt l-l'.NWICK of r,.,..i wriies; "i,;U "he itill h'dd .1 Vi.ii.n i i diis ,iliSo "dm in.- ue Ann.i ; nnd lh 0 he uill uiile. njnni Mo -peeil'v i he r, il.iv ;" I, u..,e;i ( 'inifiuii.i. liui i. inn. nf die sficn, .mients nf .(. P.i.injel. ieil I - uv s fir the fnililiil irreire ebi) 'the Holy Clioit n Iili Ins .c-ii f,,, if s, , c I s dl 17, il i nrri'sr-nv all peisn,n ilcsii . nn. In leeidw di il lle.nenh (inel imdei- iheir Innf, .linnld endc.iiiii in lime n, rn ilii.j, , ; ,,(,., I'V fe'J pi-iiver-, s'inlun4 die CipiIumi,, nnd lein-iiU llieii cnn-eieni-i.- will, (Inn- fcy-ioos limn i'toi v s'.iin of, IoH. ,.(, 22. As mnii ns th,. liMi'ip iipiriini. ii. , ,v fr yjjii. in? lis, il shall he ie-pee fully pnl,li.i,.( hv .1 y I! K "I I A II O'C A 1. 1. A 0 H A s , Roman CntUolh l'i iest. lSiiilingion, Vl. June 11, lr,"7. M o t r c c . - nidoi- nf ilm l'ir.;,nii, Hie incndiors nf llie liinhnlnn Sni' I'll, h me leipiejied In inert lit lliuir II. ill nn nesi, ,,t itio ,, hm,r, n "enei'.il .iiiendnin' is experied ns niuieis ofrrrif importance nio in hu himijln lielh,,. SociiM) . ,. I'AS DUIILKV. 6'fC. liiirhiiinn, June 15. ?I A t! K I HI). In Arliitnnn on die IS h M.iv, hv Asnliel llnrd, P.o. Mr. deiiii ll.od io Mh, Ch.iil.uie Canfield, .ill nf Iniiriii. A I Siilliv.iii. o7.ii!i..nii Co. X. V., hy ilie l!ev. C. C. Ciibiell, (lev. J. ll.iswcll lo Ma .M.iig.uut 11. Undeihill. i) it: i). In Pownal, on Ihe '.'Dili May, Mr. Cbcnczr-r Width, u patriot of (ho Kuvoluiiou, aged 70 years, In Columbus'. Ohio,, on the CClh ult.. Mrs. Sarah M. 1'. Gilbert, aged '-'5 years. Tompprnnco School Medals. rCHOOL MKDALS. with iho Tein O Pledge and oilier leninerancn leyicus upon iheni for sale nl die Variety shop, l'ANfiliult.N Ci liniNiMAII). Pliitod Spoons. PLAT HI) TLW AN I) T A V, L E Sl'OO.N'S, I'lntcd Cream Spoons nnd sugar Tung--. Plated Salt mid Mus tnrd Spuuns of dificrenl hinds, fur talo at Iho Variety Shop. June 15. Pamjuoun & Uwnsmaid.