Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, July 21, 1837, Page 1

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated July 21, 1837 Page 1
Text content (automatically generated)

L., ' not t ir 13 ni,oiiv of csak; is it t t h u wkj. fakh of h o m ij. r BY ST ACT. VOBi. XI No. 52 COMMUNICATION, Mi. IV. Itr.v. Histim; IIopkik-. Srnt I np proncli t he examination of your third objection with peculiar and initialed riuo lions. For corininr&iif the prosecution of liny system of operation should give tri umph to infidelity which chil's llic lienrl, withers the uul. nud crushes tlic hopes of nihil for eternity, 1 foci n- n lover of my species. tmTIi morn of my God. I must oppose it. Tins I trust is no ennge niol to nil minds in this religious commu nity, llmt it meets n hearty nwpnnso. Yon charge the Temperance Society ny bini; this system. Your words nre "That if it could succeed it would bo a trinmph of in fidelity." Your proof amounts pimply to .thisthe Temperance Society has con trived by a wnttcn pledge to destroy this nutter vice, tin- parent of crime, in one generation. A like pledge nnd ocicly might be formed agiiu-t all 'l"'r """ nn(' therefore. iheopn of Christ might be entirely dispensed with. In this t hern is iimntfcstn urn-i malignant virnlnncn against n Fnciiy promoting the highest welfnre of man. I deny your premise-, and conietid that if your promises were true, your con clusion by no mean- follows. The Temperance Society Iisf never nt tempted to destroy the vice of Intemper ance by tho "pledge." The society acts upon lumber nnd Mrnnircr ground, lint of moral power. The pledge is tioi hiny but an expression of their views, whi'e their hope of sncoe.-s is from the righine-s of their chii-o. the power of their principles, ami the hlo-sing of li-'nvfii. The pledge is given hI'ht an individual Ins become convinced m hi- judgment, resolved in hi miod nud decided in hi- will, I hat lie will have no more to do wit li ardent spirit, or Hint that malo- drunk come. He must therefore become a l 111 r I man, longer or shorter, before, with any cniisi-itincy, he can sign I In; pledge. Tin- i- to be done through lie; no-dioni ot the Temper Hiice Society, by the action of t lie pi met do of tttf 1 1 it I power, or from other ilireei gospel efforts, and the lullnonee of the Di- v he Snitit. ISow if this li" so. how chii it be i-n ill tlmf it is by lit" "pledge" nlnnc, that tin-crime is to he dest royed ? None but vonrri'lf would -hv if. The fact is the Temperance Society never appeal- to it pledge as the meant! nf accomplishing their object, but appeals to the judgment and conscience, with t'acls in abundance lo s-ns tain them, and plnrthnff enn-equenecs nt tending, both of prrj-eut and future import, nnd all upon the lnh cliri-iiau principle o( doing as we would be done by: and this by the bio-sing of heaven is the cause why "the society is so popular " Hut itdmiUing tliat each specific vice that is ntiiwardly practised might he de. htroyed by a pledge, it would not follow 1 lint Iho gospel couhl he di-pensed with. How should ingratitude to Cod, a violatio:: of his law in our not loving him with nil our heart, nud our neighbor as nors-elf with nil (iir sins, be expiated nnd we be enved without the gospel? Surely such reasoning becomes those alone who nrc "pledged" to Mipport a chain of Jprnpusi. tion. This being the fact. Hie universal miccc-s of the Temperance Society would be no help, much less "n triumph of infi delity." You may Fay it weakens the ne cessity of the gospel by its ndinittitiir in fidels to cn-opcrate with christians. nn ewcr, by no menus. It shows its necessity. Tho infidel cannot cn-opcrate with the christian here so lone; ns Temperance is a christian virtue, hut on christian principle nnd christian ground. On this principle I think you would not object to the scrvjeo of an infidel in the extinguishment, of the flames of your respectable edifice at Hur lington. And if not, why in the temper nnco cause? so long as he must come upon tho ground of christian virtue. Then in stead of the Temperance Society becoming infidelic, were it to succeed universally, it must bo a great triumph of chtistian prin ciple over vice. But another objection you urge, is that it suits the infidel ns being n plan of morali ty without faith. This is about in keeping with the rest of your splendid performance. Do you mean to say that infidels are pa. trotis of morality ? 1 fear sir, you have in your zeal paid infidelity n compliment you did not intend. I had supposed that infi dels wcro intent on tenring l ho crown of the Almighty from his head, by their unbe lief, on upturning the limine of tho uni verse, of demolishing thn empire of uni versal government, of hiding man from his maker, cutting nssunilcr tho cords or inor nl virtue, nnd of following tho blind iui pulse of depraved carnality. Tho hypoc risy of infidels nnd their renl object I know nro different thing, but this must he their object. Hut 1 think I have fchown before that the Tempcrntiee Soriety does require' repentance in its ino-t substantial form! and I think it easy to prove that it requires faith. The society declares the use of ar dent spirit a sin this being the fact in or der to repent of it, it mint he believed to be sin. If believed to bo sin then, thus far it requires faith: and if repented of by total abstinence, the repentnneo will not secure n I'nrgivciio-s of that sin that is past therefore by the Temperance Society the Mini is shin up unto the faith. If so, should it succeed, how could it be said to ho a triumph of infidelity ? Hut an inge nious mind would never bring an objection against any system broader than the sys tem itself. The Temperance Society has nowhere nt tempted to teach the whole ciemjojif el hies, or the whole system of theology. It confines itself to the one vice of Intemperance. It adopts the sen timent of .tames, Let him know that he that copverteth st sinner from the error of hi- way, snveth n soul from death, and hi ded) a multitude of sin:. And in its pro. gross has verified the truth of the senti ment. Again, the fallacy of your argument will be seen at once if we consider that intcin. pernnce is a vice of habit alone, nnd not n vice of the heart. There is no person by nature n drunkard. In order to become n drunkard l hero must be u series of train ing, longer or shorter. And after I he hab. it is formed, there can b; no drunkenness without previous nclinu. All that is ne cessary to reform the vice, is to destroy the habit, by ceasing to act in favor of the habit. What is necessary to change n course of nclion, is to brace up the mind by conviction, and fear on the one hand, mid hope and confidence on the other. Hence if the gospel was sunt for the sin gle purpose of reforming the drunkard, it could accomplish it no other way than that pursued by the Temperance Society. Did drunkenness originate from the heart I he case would be altered. For then there iim-t be n soli! depeiidauee upon the Spirit and grace of God; but, u- it i-, the appli cation iiiu-l be to the conduct. As the Temperance Society does not pretend to cover the whole ground of gospel truth, but confines itself lo one integral part of christian virtue, and acts upon the only principle by winch the gospel could act in reference to this virtue, it cannot he said with the least shadow of truth, that the fullest success of the temperance cause would he n triumph of infidelity. I have paid more attention to this shallow objec 'ion than I should if it had not posM'-sod more of the frightful than tho dcmnnstrii live in it. It is admirably calculated lo afreet, nnd convince "those that will not think" and those who believe by proxy, and therefore would require more full refu lation My next therefore will bo the consideration of your fourth objection. St.j) , 11137. Vinijex. Father wunk'i and Motiitr uniNK'n, 1 was ruling with my daughter through :hat part of Roxbuiy which is called the Catilerbuiy road, when we passed n very ragged and barefooted liille lioy about leu years of age. We were moving slowly, nud I soon perceived my chase to be inclin ing backwards, and I inferred that the clnlil we hsd pas-cil had gotten on behind, I stopped the horro. without uttering a single word, when the little follow let go Ins hold, and pas-ing the chaise, ran rapidly forward in evident terror. "He is frightened out of ins wits," said my daughter. "He is probably accustomed to such treatment." 1 replied. Setting my horse I'orwaid wo were fast overtaking the little renawny, whose cry of alarm was now distinctly atidible. We were soon up with htm, nud perceiving the iinpossibilily of escape, he suddenly stopped. He was etv tug bitterly, ns he stood wiih bare feet turned inward, his tailored knees knocking together, and hi- arm held over his eyes. ' Whni's the matter, my poor buy ?" said f, ns I got out of my ehaiso. "I thought you would have beat me," he replied. "No, my poor child," said I, have no such intention. Do you get a bculiii" often?" "Yes, sir." said he. Patting the little follow nn tho head, which was easily done, for he had no crowh lo lik lint, "Who bentsyou," said 1; "your father ?" "I have no father." said he, "father's dead;" and he gave way to n Hood of tears. There was something touching in llic appcaranco of this rugged, barefooted, fatherless boy, and my daughter could tint refrain from weeping. "Your mother beats you then?" said I. "Mother's dead too," paid he. "And where did they die?" I inquired. "In tho poor-house," replied tho little orphan. "Aud what got them into the poor house" said I "Father itrink'd und mother drink'd," said he. The father and mother of the orphnn child were, nt one time, residents of Kox bury. The father pursued nt one time n lucrative employmcnl, in which ho was par ticularly skilful. Hum reduced him and his wife to wretchedness, and left their ollspring, who is the subject, of this pain ful reeilnl, the poor, peiiuyless orphan child ofn drunken father and drunken mother. JV. V. Sun. LA HOU AND !TiBS if HE. " I have said, a people hnnld be guar ded against temptation lo unlawful pleas ures by furtu-hing the menu- of innocent ones. Hy innoeeiit plea-nres I moan such as excite moderately i such n.s produce a cheerful frame of mind, not boisterous mirth ; such as recur frequently, rather than eoiit intje long: such n-t send ih back lo our daily duties invigorated in bod nud in spirit ; fiic'Iis we can partake in the presence nnd society of respectable friends; such a- iennsist with nnd are favorable to n grateful pioty such as are ehaslenoi) by self-respect, nud tire accompanied with the consciousncsj. that life has a higher end than to be amused. In eVery community there uiu-t lie pleasures, relaxation-, and moans ofagreenhle excitement ; and if in nocent ones nrc not furm-hed, resort will be had to criminal. Man was made lo en joy, as well ns to labor : nml the slate of society should biiadapted to this principle nl human nature. France, especially be fore the revolution, has been represented as a singularly temperate country ; a fact to bo explained, at leat in part, by tho con-tilutioiKil cheerfulness ol that people, and by the prevalence of simple and inno cent grnlifications, especially among the peasantry. Men drink to excess very often lo shako off depression, or to satisfy the restless t hirst forngreeable excitement, and these motives are excluded in n cheer ful community. A gloomy state of sociel v. in which there are few innocent recrea tions may be expected to abound in drunk nnoss, if opportunities are afforded. J he savage drinks to oxce-s, because his hours of sobriety nre dull and unvaried, bocnu-e, in losing the consciousness of hi- condi tion and his existence, he loes little which he wishes to retain. Tho laboring ela-ses nre most exposed to intemperance, because they have nl present few other pleasurable excitements. A man, who, after toil ha- resources of blameless recreation, is less tempted than other men to seek self-ohliv ion. lie has too many of the pleasures of man, to take up with tho-eol'a hruie. Thus the encouragement of .simple, inno.. cent enjoyments is nn important means of t eniperance." Ghnnning 1)A N C LN Ti Not a single text m the Old or New Testament prohibits;, or even indicates disapprobation of dancing an amusement which in all ages and countries, has been, nnd still i-, so universal, that it mightbe deemed n natural propensity. Ci-riuiu it is that" (Tanciug'has been;iicouraged by many wise anil pious divines, as the most nnexcopt dtiable relaxation for youth. The ball room keeps numbers of young men from the gaming table, anil from con vivial excois; and brings both sexes to geiher under circumstance- ilm most fa vorablo to decorum. Two remarkable instance of dancing being encouraged by divine- shall be adduced; and it cannot In! doubted that the names of Dr. F.dward Young, the amiable poet of " Neight Thought-." nnd ofFenclon the writer of 'Tek'inacbu,"who promoted or sanctioned dancing will suffice to ju-tily our opinion that no precept of Christianity, forbids an exercise in ilself salutary, and under regu lation, strictly cousi-tent with purity of morals, nnd dignity of mind and manners. If any text of Scripture implied disappro bation of dancing, the learned, talented, nnd pious divines we have cited, could not fail to discern the interdict; and all their writings and conduct n fiord ample testi mony that they would not disobey. It is a well known fact, that Dr. 1'Mward Young, by Ins influential exertions, established dancing a-seinblies at Welwyn; nnd when a methndislical ladv expostulated with him ngmst I he undue license, he replied "My dear madam, I know not of any law of find or man against dancing; and I know llialit is nn important part of my duty ns a clergyman, in make evident to "young people that the religious character fs not only the best and wisest, but likewise permits of every harmless enjoyment." A priest represented to the "Archbishop Cainbrnv his own rcmarnkahlc success in deterring his flock from the idle practice of dancing: "My friend said Fenelrm. "it would be unseemly for n gray-headed ec clesiastic to dance; but lot ns not suppose we shall render our people more fit for worilly duties, nor for the joys of heaven, by depriving them of a harmless solace to I heir cares. Let us earnestly inculcate the doctrines nud precepts of Christianity, but let us beware of making religion the instrument of gloomy fanaticism, in impos ing restraints not expressly commanded hy the Divine Author and Finisher of our faith. This would be Pharisaical." HcAUTirur. and tjiui:. We extract tho subjoined passage from one of the numbers ofn writer in the Providence Journal, who clothes Bound philosophy nnd a fine imagin ation in n whimsical garb, by assuming the character of'A Magnetize:.' In reference to the classical authority which he quotes, if our judgement is to bo relied upon, Ar-ni-o.v himself never wrote any thing more happily cnucciveil than tho following: "Ono thing is certain; it is within the power of evory ono to bring his iinaginotion into better subjection, fo that it may pass from ono subject to another with easo nnd freedom. The subjects of reflection should bo varied, whenever we perceive this ten dency of the mind to ndlicro to n particular one with great pertinacity. "In onu of Addison's papers, ho makes this casual observation in speaking of tho passion of guming: 'If tho surfuco of n gambler'fl brain wcro to bo exposed and ox. nmiticd, it would probably bo found to be filled with kings, querns, nntl knaves.' ''With the plireuologirnl qir stion involv ed in this nlnervation of Addison I shall have nothing to do. Hm I believn every one who has played whist nil night has ex perienced on l he following tiny enough lo snti-fy Hwi,lhjii it. wn n limey which owe its wnrfjV trtifjlihsH of Imlii. li is more iHucult lo getTid of the hearts nud spades which glimmer before the imagination than lo dismiss Hie suco"'sion of tints which flu beneath Hieclo-eil eyelids after looking nl the sun in its brilliancy. II this ho the ease with nil itn- nohiprla of man's carnesi thought, h,uv important it is thnt;tlie inipres-iiins 'vlnch we snllW to bo made upon us ho such as will afford us instruction and plen-uro ! Were we to employ oiirsidves itilenlly upon a single painting of one ol'the first masters as long as we ga.e upon the trilling phpi nf paper which have chained us down to the mid night t hie, what imble images wo might en jure up at our pleasure, wherever wo nny bo. by night and by day by m-n and by land, at home or nbroad! When we Hunk of the improvement which might nc erne in our perceptions of the beautiful in art, nnd In thepictoral memories that may crowd upon in in our leisure, and shut oui intrusive associations of n debasing nature, we ought to despise ourselves for having ever buffered our minds lo receive the slninp of inrnii and st npefying impressions. "It may be safely nsserted that one-half of life is employed, by hose who come late to the mirror of self-improvement, in labor ing to banish from '.he mind ns hurtful as sociations. The first stop towards which is to recover the control of the imagina-" lion." IIOM E.-KVEKY DAY DUTIES. The duties of life are not nil of the great and exciting sort. There are many duties in every tiny, but there are few days in which one is called lo mighty efforts or he roic sacrifices. I am persuaded that most of us nre bettor prepared (or great emer gencies, than for the exigencies of the pas sing hour. Paradoxical as tins is, it is let), able, and may be ilhi-i ruled by palpable in stances. There nre many men who would, without the hesitation ot an instant, plunge into the sea to rescue a drowning child, but who the very next hour would break an engagement, or sneer at nn awkward servant, or frown unjustly on an nmiable wife. Life is made up of all these little things. According to the character of household words, looks, nnd trivial actions, is the true lemper of our virtue. Hence there nre nnny men reputed good, and. ns the world goes, really so. who belie in domestic life I he promtsi of their holiday nnd Sunday demeanor. Groat in the lnnre ii--eo-,blv, they are littly nt the fireside. Leader's, perhaps, of public benevolence, they plead for universal love, as the saving principle of the social compact; yel, when iiui(inr their dependants, they are peevish, morns,;, severe, or in some oilier way constantly sinning ngniesi the law of kindness. Why do yon begin to do good so r off'? This i- a ruling error. Hegm ni tiie coin re and woik outwards. If you do not love your wife, do not preiciiil'to such love for the people the of antipodes. If yon let some faiiidy grudge, some peccadillo, some undesirable gesture, sour your vi-ago to wards a sister or a daughter, pray cense to preach beneficence on the large scale. What do you mean by doing good? I it not increasing hiimin "happioe-s? Very well ; hut whose lrippinos. Not I lie hap pines of A U or C in the planet S it urn, but that of fellow terrestrials; not of the millions you never see, so much a- that ol ihe hundred-or scores whom you see every day. Hegm to make people happy. It is a good work it is the best work." Hegm (not next door) but within your own door; with your next neighbor whether relative, fervnnt, or superior. Account the man you meet the man you are to bless, fine 1 1 1 tii such things as you have. "How can I make him or her happier? "Tins is iiu question. If a dollar will do it, giy(. t f n dollar. If advice will do it, give advice. Ifa look, a smile, or warm pro-sure of the hand, or a tear will do it, give the look, smile, hand, or tear. lint never forget that the happiness of our world is a innum tain of polden sands, and that it is your part to cast some contributory nloin almost every moment. I would hope that such suggestions, however hackneyed, will not he "without their influence Oil liui pnrliim of a gonil man's life, lit- little, nameless, uivemcmbcrcd acts Of liiuiloe.-s ami of loe." In a sea-on of great reverses, and real suffering in the mercantile nnd unnufaciiir ing world, there is occasion for the luxury of doing good. The poorest man may les sen Ins neighbor's load. He who has no gold may give what gold cannot purchase. If religion does not mnko men who profess it more ready to render others happy, it is a pretence. We nre In be judged at'tfic'la-l by this rate. The inquiry h to be especial y concerning our condiic'l towards the sick, tho prisoner, tho pauper and Iho foreigner. The neighbor whom we nre to love is our ncxldnor neighbor; that w. the man who falls in our way. The Samaritan knew this. It was hut n small piiiauco he gave ; the poorest among us may go nud do like wise. Do not allow n townsman, or a stranger, or evennn emigrant, to sudor for lack of endeavors. It will cost you little, hut will be much to him. , "Tis a littli) ihln;j l o rivo a nip nfw'.uer; jet its iliannlit Of nml ifficflniical, di'.iiiioil by leveled lips, May (bo a shock nl'pleiipiuo in ilu franin Mem cniiisii(! iluii 0n noc-i ti ri . t n juico Itenniva llm lift) nf jny in li.ippicsi Ikiiiih. it is a Utile thing to speak a phrase Of common comfort, which by daily use 1 'dmoU hit ils scwic-.yet on the ear fall t'-o "'. wUo """'''' die unmourncd, 'twill Like choicest muiic." Small Change. A Mrs. Cknt, in Wis- COIISIII. has Presented her linuhmwl eOl, four littlo cents, two malo and two female. LOVE AT FIRST SIGHT. M. D'lsrnnli, in his Into Novel, "Henri etln Temple," has tho following passage nn this subject : There i-no love but love nt. first sight. This i the i rnns'ceiiiinul and surprising off spring of sheer nnd unpolluted sympathy. All other is I he illegitimate re-ult ofobser. viitioti. of coinprfMiii-e,(if expediency. The passions that endure, flash like the light ning! they scorch the soul, but it is warm, cd forever. Miserable man, whose love ri-es by degrees upon the frigid morning of mtiid ! Sonie hours indeed of warmth nnd lu-tro may perchance fn'l to his lot, some moment of meridian splendor, in which he basks in what he deems denial sunshine. Hut then how often overcast, by I he cloud of care, how olien hushed hv Hie blight ol mi-ery nnd misfortune! And certain as Ihe gradual ri-e of such afl'eel ion. i- its gradual decliur. nnd me! iriebo'v set. Then m th chill ilim tiviiight ol hts soul, lie execrale custom ; because he has nniMy expected that feelings could he habitual that were ii"t liomogiineous, noil because ho has been guided by ihenhervitinn of sense, and not by the inspiration of'sviiipa'liy. Amid the gloom anil travail of existence, suddenly lo behold n beautiful being, and. as instantaneously, to feel an overwhelming conviction that with that fair form forever our de-ttiiy mut be entwined; thai there is no joy hut in her joy, no sorrow but when she grieves; that in her sight, of love, in her smile of fondness, hereafter is all h!is;to feel our fliiinty ambition fade away hue a shrivelled gourd before the vis inn; to feel fame n juggle, and portority a lie; ami to he prepared at once, lor tin great object, to forfeit and fling awny all former hopes, tics, schemes, views; to vio late in her fuvor every duly of society : this is n lover, and this is love! Mnguificcn', : sublime, divine sentiment ! An immortal flame bums in the hrea-i of that, man who adores nnd is ndored. He Is an etheral bn ing. The accidents of earth, touch him not. Revolutions of empires, changes of creed, mutations of opinion, nre to 'him hut. the clouds and meteors of a stormy sky. The schemes and struggles of mankind an;, in his thinking, hut the anxieties of pig mies, and tho fantastical achievement of ape-. Nothing can subdue him. lie laughs alike nt loss of fori one, osp of friend-, loss of character. The deeds nml thoughts of men nre to him equally indif ferent. He does not mingle in their paths of callnn- bustle or Ik, Id himself responsible to ihe airy imposture before which they bow down. He is a mariner, who. in the sea of life, keeps his gaz ! fixedly on a sin gle star ; and, if thai doc- not shine, he lets go the rudder, nnd gl ir.n when his barque descends into tho bottomless "-iilf. Titi.i;s or Old liooi;?. The following arc the titles of some nf the books which wore in circulation in iho time of Crom well. The authors of Iho-e days must have thought there was "something inn name." (ioijlv Hooks, A most delectable sweet perfumed Nose Gay, for fJod-'s -mil's to smell hi." "A pair of Hellow-. to blow ofi'l he dot east upon John Fry." "The Snuffer nf Divine Love." "Hook am! Eves far Helievers' ISreeches,"-. "Hini. heeled shoe- for Dwarfs in Holines-s." 'Crumbs of Comfort for the Chickens of the Covenant. " "A sigh of sorrow for the Rinno's of Sinn, breathed out nf a hole in the wall of an Earthen Vessel, ko-nvn among men by the name nf Samuel Fish." --"The Spiritual Mustard Pot to make the Soul Sneeze wit h devotion." "Selvatioo'.s Vantage Ground ! or. a Looping Stand fir heavy Relievers." "A Shot aimed nt the Devil'- hend-qnarter-. through the lube of Hie Gannon nf ihe Covenant " "A Reap ing Hunk well. tempered for the Stubborn Ears of the Coming Crop; or, Hiscuils baked iu the oven of Charity, carefully conserved for the Chickens of the Church. Sparrow- of tho Spirit, and the sw et Swallows of Si'vaiion-" "Seven SMi- of n Sorrowful Soul for Sin; or, the seven Penitential Psalms of the Princely Pro phet David, whereitutn nre also annexed Win. Hiimuis' handful nf Honey Suckle-, and divers Codly and Pithy Ditties now newly augmented." Tin: T.uir.i: Tuismuj. At iho Donegal n-sizes I he following liumniiroin cross ex amination nf a witness occa-mncd much merriment in court : Mr Doherty What business do vou follow? I am a schoolmaster. Did you turn off your scholars or did they turn you off? 1 do not wish to answer irrelavent ques. lions. laughter. Are you n great favorite with your pupil.-? , Aye, truth, nm I, a greater favorite than you nre with ihe public. Where were yon. Sir, this night .' Tin- night, said Iho willies- thi- is a lenrned man this night is not. come yet; I suppose you mean that night, (iiere the witness" lonked nt the Judge, nud winked Ins eye ns if in triumph.) I presume tho "schoolmaster was nbroad" thnt night, doing nothing? Define "nothing," said tho witness. Mr. Doherty did not comply; well, snid tho learned schoolmaster, I will defino it it is a footless stocking wii limit a leg (roars of laughter iu which his Inrdsliip joined.) You may go down, Sir. Faith. I believe you're tired enough nl me; hut it is my profession to enlighten the public, nnd if you havo any moro ques lions to nsu. I will nnswer them. Tam-kviiand. This old diplomatist is s'ill uiive and still playing the courtier. Ho is announced os late us the rJ0lh of iMny us having nn interview with iliekni". I ) O M UST I O U 0 O N ( ) M V. Ntrrnrnvr. phimH'm: or amjiai, rem contaim:d in ouain ami hoots. This subject bn- engaged the nltentinii of cheiiiistn for some tun M. Ra-pinl has at length iitinonnced, nsihe result of nu merous micro-enpe examination and ex periuients, lhai the euirieui matter of grain and roots is enveloped ni sinning, white, smooth globules, quite iti-olobie in cold water, even when immersed for n length of lime ; that these globule- eon sist of envelope, or shell, nud n kernel; 'hat the envelope is even in-olubh. in boil ing water ; that the kernel cnuiaiiined iti the globular envelope, consists of a gum like mailer; that whrn immersed in wn tcr nt the kernel expands, and Iho envelope bursts nt boiling heat, hut is nev er decompn-ed ; that in much ,wnter the envelopes are detached, nod sifbsido but. when the quantity I- small, they Ijecome mutually eii'aiigb'd, and form yfygftiv ihe starch of the laundry. The kenfffl of the globules is termed dextrine. The globules dill'-r in size in different graini and roots Iu wheat they are 2-1000 parts of nn inch. In thn potato they nre only I 10. 000 part of nn inch in size. During the investtga' tons of M. Rapail the following f.icls seems to have been c-. tnblished : "1st. That, the globules constituting meal, flour, and starch, whether coilained in grain or roots, are incapable of affor ding ony nourishment us tirnuial fond till t hey tire broken. 'Jd. That no mechanical method of breaking or grinding is more than partinlly efficient, "3d. That the mest efficient methods of breaking the globules nre by heat, by fermentation, or by the chemical ngency of acids or alkalies. "4th That ihe dextrine, which is the kernel, ns it were, of each globule, is alone soluble, and therefore alone nu tritive. " nth. That the shells nf the globules, when reduced to fragments by mechanism or heat, arc insoluble, and therefore not mitritic. "Gib. That, though the fragments of these shells nrc not nutritive, they are in dispensable to digestion, either from their distending the stomach nud bowel-, or from some oi her cati-e not understood, it having been proved by experiment that, concent rated nourishment, such a- cane sugar, e-sence of beef, or osmazome, can not long sustain life without some mixture of coarser and le-s nutritive fond. "7th. That the economical preparation of all fond continuing glnhule- of fecula, consits in perfectly breaking the shells, and rendering the dextrine contained in them soliih'o and digestible, while i lie frag inent - ofihe shells are at Ihe same time rendered more bulk y, so as I he more read ily to fill i he stomach. "' These facts sufficiently explain, what before wo- hut imperfectly understood, why grain, meal and roots dcvelope addi tional nutritive properties by being cook ed, or undergoing tho process nf ferment ation ; and should encourage ns to persist to the practice of boiling or fermenting' onr hog feed, if not the food of our hor-es and neat cattle. The globules, it is true, may be partially broken, and the dextrine developed, by the heat nnd fermentation of the stomach, particularly in nntmv'H posses-ed of powerful digestive organ-; yef. when they are in a manner gorged with food, to hasten the fattening process, there is good reason to believe, that without tho aid nf previous heat or fermentation, much of i ho nutrient properties of gra'n ami roots is wa-ted. This discovery goe-, a'sn, to demonstrate the utility nt the prac li"e, common in tinny -tales of the Euro pean continent, of feeding their horses with bread, iu-toad ofnieal or gram tie; globules being cotnpleily ruptured in ihe process of baking. Cultivator. DIRECTIONS FOR MAKING CUR RANT WINE. Onr Tcnnesioe correspondent, who com municated thn following, says "We are now using some wine, mad" according in this recipe, and find it decidedly superior to nny foreign wine for the table. The imported wines are all too strong." (lather your currants when fully ripe; break them well in a tub ; press t hem through n sifter; then strnin them through n flannel ling, and measure the juice. Add two gallons of water to one ot juice; put three pounds of New. Orleans sugar; stir it till the sugar is qoiic di-solved. In straining the juice of ilie currant, use a hair P'cve, and not on" of wire; then u-e a close tow linen hag. ami afterwards a fl.iu. nel one, to pas the juice through. The juice must mil be permitted to stand over night. Observe that li e cask ho sweet and eto.iu nnd such as has never been used for beer or cider, and if new, let. it be well sea soned. Do not fill onr cask too full.other" wise it work out at the bung, which is in jurious to the wine rather make a prnpor. 'lonatequantity over am! above, that after drawing off some of the wine, you may hnvt enough to fill up the cask. Lay the bung lightly on id,, hole to prevent flies. &C. from creeping iu. In three or four weeks the hung hole may he stopped up leaving only the vent hole open till it ha doim working, which is generally the middle or la-t of October. Ji iiiav'lhnn he racked off if you please, hot f think u hest lo leave it on the lees till snnng, and if not wanted for present iisoVuf inay ho left on tho lees (o t wo year-' without damage. When you draw off the wlne.bore n hole nn inch 1. 1 least f'rmn the tap hole, and n little to one side of it, thht it may run off clear of the lees. Some put ni spirit, but I do not think it advisable. Do not Miller yourself lo ho prevailed on lo put mori; than one third juice, for tint would tender the wine hard ami nm lensanl.nor Inomucli sugiir, us unit would deprive p of Us puro viiiou i taste. It improvtb by nye.

Other pages from this issue: