Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, September 29, 1837, Page 1

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated September 29, 1837 Page 1
Text content (automatically generated)

NOT THE GLORY O F C A3 H A 11 ; 11 U T THE WELFARE OF HOME. BY M.B. ST ACT. FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER, 29, 1837. VOIi. XI No. 536 l4Nia ; -.V ... V! V"- The following most beauiiftil lines oro from (he -.Aiigurt ninnlicr of lll.trkwood: THE OHEEN WOOD SHRIFT. OuisiretHird beneath ilic Ic.ify t lindo (If Windsor Foieal'd tltrpcdt gl.ulo, A living uu in mi laj : Three little rliildii'ti tnnni! he r stood, And litem went iii fimn tlio gt ecu wood A wo fill u.iii thai (J.iy. "O mnllicr !" wai I lie milled cry. "O mother, mullicr ! do mil die, Anil lease in till nlune." "My lilesml babes 1" she Irird lo eat, But 1 tie faint iiccpii!? died iiwny In u low cubing moan. And then life slnind hard with dealli, And bitl anil stion;; she dicw her breath, And up flie inifed hfr head; An'l peciln ihiotih t lie deep wood mnzo Willi ii Inn, thsirp, unearthly i7.e, "Will lie not oine1" she saiJ. Juct then, the parting houghs between A little maid's light I'm in was fern, All hicathless wilh licr speed; And following close a man mine on, (A portly man In look upon,) Who led a panting steed. "Mother!" the little maiden cried, Of e'rr slto toadied ihe woman's Bide, And kissed her clay-cold cheek "1 linc nut idled in the lon, But long went wandciinz up and down, The minister lo seek. "They told tnp line they told me lliere I think they mocked me eveiy wheie; And uhcti I found hie home, And hregM hitii no inv hendtd knee To bring hi book, nnd come wilh me, Mother! he woulJ notcomu. "I inM him how jon dying lay, And mold not go in peace away Without 1 1 1 1 inini-lcr ; I hegg'd him, for dear Chi 1st, his sake, But oh ! my heat I wan (il to break Molh, r! ho would not stir. P", ihongli my tears wero blinding me, I t it n hack, fist ns fan could be, To come again to o'i; And heie c!o.e liv this qlliln 1 met, Wlio a-ked (so mild) what made luo lict. And uhen 1 told Ii tin line, "I will go with yon, child,' he said, '(od mule me ii, thin tljing bed,' Mother, he's hard bv." Wliili ihn ihe Utile maiden spoko, 'Clio m in, hi back ugaintl an oak, 1 ouk'd on w ilh glislciiinj cjo. The i idle on hi neck flung fi re, Wilh qnivei inj ilank and tmnbliiij knea, I'tCfsM close lu bonny bay; A r-taleher man, a statelier "meed, Neicrou gieeiKwniil pared, I tede, Th.itt thoie stood lltcio thai day. So, while, the little maiden spoke, Tho man, In back against an oak, Looked on wilh gli'ieniiig ejo And folded aims! and in hi.' look, Something that, liken f-imon book, l'reach'd "All is vanity." lint when ihedving woman's faro Touted low.iid him niili a ui.-hful gata, lie siepp'd id wheie she l.i; And kneeling doun, b"nt over her, Kainu. "I mo a minister My siilci ! let us pi ay." And well, wilhnutcii bonk or stole, ((oil's winds weic piinled on his sonl) Into lllii ilj ing ear, Me bieailipil, in 'iweie, an angel'n Drain, 'l'he things tint onto hie pet lam, And death's datk shadow clear. He spnkn of sinners' lost rotate, In Clnin renewed icgcnei. ito Of fiud's mint blcM deeiee, 'That not it single sonl should dio "Who tin ns lepcntant with iheciy "lie merciful to me." H poke of ti noble, pain, nnd toil, Euduied but for u litlli: v.hilo In patience faith and love Sure, in (Joil's own good lime, to bo Exchanged for an eternity Of happiness uhoe. Then ns the spirit tlib'd nwny .He inifed hi hands and ee., to pray Thai peaceful it might pas'; And llien the oi phann' sobs nlono Wcie heard, as they knelt ccry ono Close round on the 3rce.11 graij. Such was the sight their wondering cyo Beheld, in heari-strnck mute surprise. Who rein'd their :oni.-cr.- back, Just as they found ihn long nslrny, Who in ih'e liu.it of chase that dnv Had wanda'd fiom iheir track. But each man rein'd his pawing slccd. And lighted down, as ifagieed, In tdlcnro at hi side; And there, uncoined nil ihey stood It u.i'ii wbohoiiie sight ami good Thai day furinuitnl piidu, For thn iviblesi of the land Was thai deep liuhM, b.iie headed band; And cnilii.l in thu ting, IJy thai dead pauper on the ground, Her nigged chililien clinging iouiuI, Knelt their nnoinled king. The royal minister was George lltn Third. Tho anecdote is related on the authority of the Rev. George Crabbe, tho well known poet ot humble life, MISCELLANEOUS SELECTIONS. K.NfiMfH CounT Ijauif.8 Conpcr, tho American, describing n liirthilay drnwing riinm during iho rotgn of (icorgo IV., i ti us bponks ol the ladies: "Tor tho rcaRiitut nlrutiily mcut luncil, thcro wns n Inrper pro portion than common of vottnir womrn tn he propontct, tinil i. inny bo qiii-Piiiuipil if ilio worm cotiitl liavo oil rrd n parallul to thn licnttty mid bloom that wnro thtiK nrrnyed buforc our ;yrs. I have olfc- where enid that the Kuglinh fcinnluB linvo tho ndvantago of our in hi"h dress, nnd this was, altogether, a ceremony in which the ntlvnntnsu wns of Ihrir side I do not tlnnlc Hint we could Imvo shown ns much bantu y in prccisc'y the entnn pi yto: aitiiotign, wnnn one rniupmuer.) too ilMn'r nce between n cnllerrd mid a condensed population, it becomes hint to ppetik with caution on a point to delicnto. The an cienrcourt drcH?, rmrtictilnry thn t of the women, tins underrrnnp minn? rlmnrrps ol late, I believe. I ntti told tho hoop h done away wuit. inougli it. was ijot easy to ascertain tho fact to-day, an 1 only eaw the ladies seated. Tito cnHTum worn good, and tho toilcllci, an n matter of course, mngniucenr. iiiamor.m unarmed among eyes FcarcHy lem brilliant than theniHclvrs. In France, diamonds arc 'cldoni used, except at court; though it is probable that they tiro oftencr exhibited here, tho court being t-o secluded. On this ocension, howuvrr, they wero poen in great quantities, oiitbrnnetl on bomoof the lairest browa of Christendum." Visitino Cun.v ron IlnAtni. --Excellent nrennraliotm linvu boen mad Maianzas for the accommodniion il'onvalidp from tho United Slates. Formerly, the difficulty of procuring suilnblo lodgings prevented many from patting the wituerm that beautiful island, who felt the necessity of fleeting from its boisterous approaches in New Kufrland. Thn nlnen new nrirnn izt'd with express reference to this class of 6irangcrs, is incaieti at Kan 1'edro de Hudson, eighteen miles from Matnnzns. Hoard ranges ut about fourteen dollars a week. The keeping of a horso e ten dollars a month; the lure of one is thirty dollars per month. Sicamhoats leave Havana and Maianzas every other day. the fare bcinn-six dollars. Hoard. In? thn dnv jat either place, is two dollars and fifty cents. A l)or.o cnsls trom gOO to gl50. Those who can afford the expense, should hlnp their own, tho nalivo breed being small and inferior. Invalids, to derive the most advantage from tho mild nir of Cuba, should leave hero hv the l.a nf Ortntmr and retiHin till Mnv. I'liytictans. in rn- commending a vnyngo to their conr.ump tivo patients, fIiouM l;ocp this circumetaiice in tucollection. Medical Journal. Cables tor the Pkxnsvi.vavia Wo saw, a few days since, two immense cables, on their naesitlO from tho ninnnfnel nrv nn ihe Boston and Roxbury Mill Dam, to go on mipboaru, (ioslinctl for the great ship Penn-vlvania. Thov are nrnhnhlv. if nm the largest and best manufactiireil cables over made in this country, at least equal to any. Ouo of ihem is a twenty fivo and tho other a twentv four inch robin. Wn have ascertained on inquiry, that the lar gest of tho two, called tho bet bower cable, is 120 fathoms long, and 25 inches in circumference It is foriiifid nl'3 Hlr.nuU each contsinitio; 347 yarns; consequently it contains 3,123 yarns, each yam being '200 fat horns lull"'. These united. inenZ urc 70D tnih.'s. Tho weight of the ropo is i .ouu pounds, and it will bear sus Iieildcil a weight of 40G.000 nnnnds. The oilier cable is of tho same length, but one inch 6mnllcr in circumference. The two cables worn mail.' ni !lm trmlio of the Boston Hemp Manufacturing Com- piny, ine yarns being spun and tarred by ninchineiy invented by Mr. Treadwell, by Which till tllC COrdao-n mndn nt thoco wnrl: is spun and tarred. Boston Pat. Lnwrhahle Scene in Dublin Tim f,il. In winy scene took nlne nl Ihn nnminntinn of the esndidates in Dublin: Mr. vct, tho annosiii!? enndidatn afier repelling the charge of cruelty to his Roman Catholic tenantry, taid that Mr. O'Co.NNr.i.i., had often accused him of being uglv, but ho wore no bovowtd plum niie. If Mr. O'Connell nnded Imnsolf nn personal appearance, lot him stand forth unadorned by a Band-street pcrruquicr's liamliwork, and then let all judge and say winch was tho handsomer mnn. Mr. O'Connell. Rnizi'd his bond pnvnrinrr voilli ono hand, whi.-ked off his BrutuK, and ap peared in his full suit of native, nakedness not a nair ociwocn inm and tlio chan delier above Iiim bead. It is ininnstihln in describe Iho effect nf this rich incident. OLonnellfi face beamed with fmhc and fun; he roared and all roared in triumph, as it were, at Ihe ready answer to Mr. West's appeal for a judgment nn beauty. The whole court. Fhenfi'. candidates, or ango-men, nnd all, Fccmed for n while to drop all recollection of tho contest, and lo iiiuiiigc in ono ot mo most exciting and whimsical scenes ever witnessed. Steamboat and Ki'm. A four ilnva einun as one of our steamboats wa coming down a bayou in the interior, an old lady was abserved running from her houso towards the shore, wnvinf her bnndknrpliinf nil endeavoring otherwise to attract attention. Arrelrz vous, Monsitir lo conilaino ! arrctcz!" she cried as soon na tho was near enough to be heard. "Well, what do you want?" ho inquired. "I have iust "Ot 'levnn enrr. nnd in pnulclle is makuur un nnirn. Ii't-mi Limii attendez von lectio minute, I thall have von tliiiizainu pour lo marcho !" "Jo mo devil with vnur eggs! -Go ahead!" N. Orleans Pickayiiiio. IllOMAS Wir.JON. rtiulmT, nfllin Tu! r Man, from 10119 to I7.v,. iVna n ,,i;m,il.i benevolent man. To tmpply iho poor With clnthinrr. bo knnt in rniumm ment at his own houso several tailors and shoemakers. On one occasion, in giving orders to one of his tailors to mako linn a cloak, ho directed Ihat il sliouh) bo verv plain, Having simply a button and loon to keep it together. "Bui, mv lord," said tho tailor, "what would be'eomo of the poor button makers and their families, if every ono thought in t lint wnv? Thov would bo starved iintrioht ?" "f),i vm, i. so, John," rophfd iho Bioliop, "wliy theii iiuiion ii an over, jonn," Tin: iiUM)iu:n i. , nn imt oitiph iv tiu- wnui.ii A recent (Jurninu publication givestun loiiowing curious ealculntiuii res- PIJCtillL' thn hlindrud IlinU nnnnlruia oilinc ii) ihti worldt Theso nrc Jcddo, in Japan; I.0C0.000 inhabitanls: Pnkin, 1,500 000; Ijondnn 1,300 000; Hans Ischen 1.000,000 Calculln, 000,000; Madras (117,000: Nan kin 000.000; Congo. Ischeen. 000.000; Pans 717.000; Worst Chans GOO. 000; Cm-' Rlntitiuoplo d07.000; Benares 530,000; Km iVJO.OOO; Su Ischctn 407,000, Ilotiiigb Ischein 500,000, &c. Tho fori icth in the list is Berlin, containing 90 000: nnd the last Bristol 07,000. Among the hundred cities, twn contain a million and a half, two upwards of a million, nine from half a million to a million, twenty three from two hundred thousand to fivo hundred thousand, and fifty six from eighty seven thousand to ono hundred thousand. Of there one hundred' cities, fifty oiirht are in Asia, and thirty two arc in Europe, nf which (our are in ucrmany. four in France, five in Italy, eight in England, and three in Spai'ij iho remaining ten are divided between Africa ami Amoncn. "Please to give mo a light?" said n lit tle ragnod urchin wit h a "long nine" in hi hand, to a six feet dandy, who was puffing nt tlio end of a Principe segar, oa ho wns walking Broadway. "What !" said iho dandy, "a shaver like you smoke !" "Yes," said the boy, "every gentleman smokes now days." The dandy's segar dropped liko a hot potatoe. A scholar coming home from college to visit his pnrcnts, supped one night on a couple of fowls; bo told them that by logic ho could prove those two fowls to be three "Well let in hear" said the father. "Why ibis," said the scholar, "is one and this, i itco, and two and one, you know make three." Since you have made it out so well," answered the father, "your mother 6!iall have thurc, I will have Hie second ; and the third you may keep to yourself for your learning. " The resolution otTored on Tuesdny Inst by Mr. Bmnr.E of Pennsylvania, nnd lying on the Speaker's table, having been again read ns follows .- "liesohcd. That tho Secrctarv of the Treasury report to this House whether a letter, purporting to be addressed by him to the Clerk of the House cf Represnta tives, offering payment in spocio lo mem bers of Congress, is authentic : if so, lo what other claimants on tho Treasury a similar offer has been matin, and what principle of discriminalion, if any, has been adopied in the medium of payment to the public creditors." Mr. Diddle said that Ihe letter referred to in tho resolution had strnpk him, on first rending, as exceptionable, nnd further re flection had, therefore, seized tlio earliest opportunity of calling to it the attention of the House. If the offer it conveyed wns a matter nf cracc on the part of the Secretary of thn Treasury ; if his mere discretion could de termine how the limited specie funds of the Government should be disposed of, il followed, of course, that the ofl'jr niig'tt, nt any time, bo withdrawn. It might" be withdraw from the whole House. oTinero ly from obnoxious members. The specie could be diverted at pleasure from us and given to other claimants on tho Treasurv whom it might suit the intcroMs ofthc hour to cnnctlate or to reward. The Secretary might take it from us and give it, fur ex ample, to the Judges of the Supreme Court, who are now paid in paper; thus increas ing or diminishing their compensation by his fiat. He might have given it to the Jud ges of the Circuit Court of the District of Columbia whilst the Mandamus cae wns pending, He may yet allow or d sal low it to them. Undeniably, as matters now stand, iho People sue, with astonish, mcut, that the amount of pay receivable by their representatives on this floor de. penck on the will of an Exccutivo officer, and may lltictuaio with his caprice. Was it coiiHstont with the dignity of iho Ilnnsp or the safety of tho country,' I hat our pnsi. linn in this matter should be thus prccari-on-? But ho wns disposed to look nt the sub. jret in another point of view. We had been specially convened to consider the state of tlio currency. Tho President do. sires that our attention shall be confined to ibis one topic. We are Hippnscd to be here fresh from tho People, and to bear wilh us an active sympa by for the vexa. tion and inconvcnienco In which every part ofthc country is subjected by irredeemable promises lo pay. At home, or on our way hero, we had seen and felt tho evils under which the Peoplo labor. Wo had shared those evils. Wo found ourselves detained upon tho highways, at cvory step, in do cyphering and interchanging mysterious looking scrolls a currency not merely un controlled by the necessity of rcdimp'ion in specie, but which had e-caped from the restraint of even decent type, paper, nnd nngrnving. Why, then, was each timm her met here by this extraordinary oiler 5 Was it nut cnlcu'ated ho did not bay de signed, for he wished to inluso no bitter ne.-:s into thn discussion was it not coU diluted to efface the impressions made up on us whilst wo wero in tho midst nt the People? Did it not, ut once, erect us into n favored class exempt from all tho evils which nro now pressing upon ourconstitu cms ? Nay, sir, I go farther. I ask it with that duo respect for tho opiui-iim and sen sibilities nfothcrs, which I shall endeavor to preserve and to euhivatc I ask whelh, er any member of Cmgrc-s. who closes with that tiller, does not create for hiinself a direct pecuniary niierest in tho cnnlin icricenfa depreciated currency nn inter !nt in perpetuating ilp. evils we are en lied hero to remedy i The speciu roceived enn bu disposed of, nt u high premium, for papor whicn will readily discharge nil en gagements in this city, or pay debtB at i Ijoinci as wcaro exempt from postage. This premium received will, in some en-1 cs, suffice to meet nil the personal ex penses ol tho member. The entire fifty

six dollars per week, therefore, together with nbuut. nine-tenths of what is cnjled mileage, may bo InuJ up in notes of the binks if Baltimore, Philadelphia, New York, Boston, or Pittsburgh. The circu lalinn then of spocio would amount to this: the People buy it of tho brokers to pay poslagps nnd duties ; it is then given to us; wo 6oll it to tho brokers, from whom- the People are again obligod'to buy, at nn ad vance ; and thus it continues to run the round. Thu People aro tho purvevors of fpecie for ui. Thov have the handling of it on their way from tho broker's to the post office or tho custotn-housc. This state of things, so comfortable to members ol Congress, will cease the moment specie payments nro resumed, ho tar then as mercenary motives go, we ore made, by this discrimination in our favor, to feel an interest in catching nt any pretext, falling in with any scheme, however wild that may tend to postpone the resumption. Well inny we consent to let things take their own course, to rcgulato themselves nnd lo await the result of that process with the most exemplaryjpatience. But assured ly we stand in a singular position towards the country wo represent, and with whose interests wo profess to be identified. Wo sen before us the loss of a profitable traffic the moment we achieve tho purpose that brings us here. Such n the penalty of success in our labors.' We nnd the spc. cie brokers on the avnnue will be thrown nut of business at the same mnmcnti Would any man, in privnto life, consent to place in such u position nn agent, however pure and upright, with any hope of being promptly and fu'u brolly served ? Mr. B. went on lo say that he believed this to bo n matter of deep import. It was nut connected with party. It nppealed to higher interests and higher thoughts. No thing (--aid he) can be more final to the usefulness! and influence of this House thnn a belief thnt we arc actuated by a sordid grasping spirit. Public indignation is es pecially vigilant here, because I hat indig nation is the only chck upon abuse. We all saw how strikingly this was illustrated in the spontaneous movements on tho sub ject of of tho compensation law. That was treated in Ibis House na a small matter too small (or the notice of the People. But a different lesson was taught. We all remember the 6torm that burst over tho whole country. Mr. Jefferson, in ono of his letters, refers to tho quick sensibility ofthc People on tho occasion as triumph ant evidence of iheir capacity for self gov ernment. Wo mu-t hour in mind that our respective Sines have been paid their claims upon tho Treasury in bank paper, or a bank credit twelve per cent, worse than specie. They could not get one dollar in hard mo ney. Tho labornrjupnn the pub ic works, who sweats all day over Ins maltock fur one-sixtocnth pari of our per diem allow ance, wn pay in paper. I say ice pay, be cause, will any one pretend to deny" that Congrees is respnusiblo ' Tho widows anil orphans of those who fell in their conn try's service, on the deck or tho battle, fp Id, we pay in paper. In the city and county which I represent thcro are many revolutionary soldiers. If ono of those venerable men has occasion to take n let ter out of one of your post offices, from n son absent in the public service, ho must sell to n broker, nt a great loss, tho money with which wn pay his scanty pittance.--So il is wilh thoA-inynnd the Navy. On ly ihe other thy, an officer from "Florida found himself here with money so worth less that he could not sell it, at any discount so as to raise specie enough to lake up the letters lying for him nt tho post office. How is it that the Secretary of War can suffer these gallant men to "bu thus trcnted soured nnd disgusted with ihn service whiltit another Secretary, having no more legitinnto control over the subject, parndes, ns if in mockery, nn offer of specie, through tho newspapers, tn thnso who pay no postngo and whose necessities are the least urgent ? On whnt principle can it bo of honor, or honesty, or baru decency. that the only public creditors whom the Treasury cxrmpis from the pressure of n common calamity are those whoso exclusive duty it i-to provide, the common remedy. Suppose (nid Mr. B.) a joint resolution wero offered insisting, openly and manful lv. that thu compensation of members of Congress be paid in a medium denied to our respective Slates, nnd to other claimants on the Treasury. How many would bo found in the face of the country, to record iheir voles for it ? And yet t ho course wo arc invited to pursue involves nil tho offensive. nes-s of such n resolution without the cour ngo of nssuming the responsibility. We wo would get nt tho same thing by the hnunty of the Secretary of tho Treasury. Wo add to cupidity the crime against am political institutions, of giving to the exec utive a hold upon Iho hopes and icara of this Honso. Mr. B. repeated the expression of his hope thnt this Houso would look anxiously toils standing with tho country. The eyes of that country (said he) are on us. Uiir situation may well bo deemed n try. ing one. The counsels of this body, on crilicicnl occasions, have long been "repel led rother than invited. Tho great object was to give it iho goby. It has ever been do. nounced br venal and trechorous on ques tions connected with tho curroncy. And yet, whilst I bus farced lo rely on the cour age and skill of thnso who had seized tho helm, wu are nnw suddenly called up, nl midnight to receive n hasty mrrendur nl nil responsibility into our hands. And his in tho midst of darkness, mid with breakers around us in every direction! Let us then, sir, so bear outsolves as tn tally ihe full coulidencu of those who nro emlntked with us for life or for death. Mr. Jliihcrtson now moved in amend ihe resolution moved by Mr, Bnldle, by adding thereto tho following, as proposed by him i whim the subject was up on Thursday, cx pressing his hopo that tlio mover ofthc orig ttinl resolution would accept of it as a mod ification : "Also, that ho report, so far as now as certained, the amount of specie received by the Government sinco tho 1st day of of May In-t; thu s-iurccs from whence de rived, nnd tho amount from each ; tlm regulations under which the same, or any part thereof, baa been disbursed ; the pert-ens to whom paid, nnd tho sums to each ; the amount now on hand, nnd where depos itcd: nlso, whether, since the date above, the public dues, or any portion thereof, hsve been received in protested drnlte, or any funds other than those prescribed by Ihe joint resolution of April 30,1030 " Mr. liiddle said that, although ho could not oppose thn nmondment laid upon the tabic of the House cm Thursday by the honorable gentleman from Virginia, it had disturbed tho simplicity which ho desired Ins proposition to wear. He wanted plain answer to a plain question. Tho Secretary ought to bo able to state, in a few words, his principle of discrimination without the dolny which would attend the preparation of tables, &c. On that answer Mr. B's. own course with regard to pay would turn. Ho would not accept any thing ass a boon which the Secretary might give or withhold at pleasure. Ho would not dare to carry home to his gonerons nnd conful.iig, but high spirited nnd intelligent constituents, bags of specie thus acquired. Ito knew what those constituents had snf fered ; he kuc.v what was beforo them nnd their families during the next dreadful, dreadful winter. How, then, could he have the heart to enter their workshops and thoir manufactories to toll them exul tingly that Congress could not contrive to do aiiy thing for their relief, but that he had, through tho kindness of an Executive officer, managed to fill his own pockets, and that he wns soon going back to reap another golden harvest. Mr. lamer, of Ohio, observed that it was not usual to enter into debate on a mem resolution of inquiry; but, as some remarks had been made by tho gentleman from Pennsylvania, (Mr. Bidui.e.) which seemed to require a slight notice, ho should trouble the Houso with a few words in reply. Ho should take leave to say that, if the House adopted the resolution, the Secretary of the Treasury would verv promptly reply to the inquiries it propo-e'd to him, by saying whether the circular let. tor published in his namo was authentic, anil if it was, what wero his rcnunns for addressing such a lettor to tho members of Congress. But it did seem to him that it would have been no moro than fair nnd candid in the gentlemnn if he had waited for the response of tho Secretary before he had undertaken to condemn him. The gentleman, said Mr. II., seems to tnke it fur granted that this is a gratuity, n boon, offered by the Secretary on his own re sponsibility, nnd intended to induce the members of Congress to perpetuate Ihe existing state of things in relation to the currency. So far am I from concurring with him, that I have a belter opinion of inu momucrs ot this Mouse than to believe fur one moment that tho poor paltry per contoge which they might get through a bmknr for the specie paid to them would influence the course of nny gentleman on this fl.inr. If I could suppose that my con. stilucnts believed so of me, I would resign my seit before, the sun goes down. I have not, however, tho slightest objection to the passngn of the resolution. Mr McKay said he would vole for the resolution, but iho gentleman had accom panied it with some remarks, which Mr, Iv. wished explained before they went to the country. The gentleman had Faid that this offer of specie payment to mem bers was a mere gratuity on iho part ofthc Secretary, nnd intended to influence the llou.se in its courso of legislation. But if the gentleman had taken the trouble to look into the law, ho would hove discover ed that tho Secretary, in this step, was simply discharging Ins official duty. Mr. Mflv. here quoted tho law of I33G. This was ihe law now bindui" on all the Secretaries, and it forbade the offer of any thing but specie, nr iis equivalent. Now'. inember.s of Congress wero but ono dnss of the public creditors. Suppose the Sec rctary should offer them their pay in bank notes, if those notes wero convertible at pleasure into specie, it would bo according lo law, but not otherwise. Tho genllo" man had told tho House thnt the States were naid the debts duo to them in paper at a large discount. Tho gentleman was mistaken. No Stato was under obligation lo receive its dues in any paper that was not nt par, And as to all tho other classes of public creditors, the soldiers, and wid ows and orphans, of which tho gentleman had spoken so pathetically, were they obli ged lo occept any thing else? The law applied equally lo thorn. Mr. Mclv. said he tiudordond that in New York tho very merchants who had thrown cvory possible obstacle in the way of Government, nod whoj-e bonds had been extended, went for ward with their debenture ecrtilicaln, drew tho specie, nnd then turned round and reviled the Government ns bankrupt. At New Orlcans.it was thu same: and there tho merchants had re-exported their goods to Havniin, or snmo other neighbor ing port, with n view immediately tn re import them nnd get tho benoiit ofthc credit allowed by law. Those who had been hero somo time could not bul remember ihat ono of the charges throughout brought ngninst thn Bank of the United Slates wns, thnt it hnd furnished members nf Congress with drafts on turms ditlerent from thoso rcunired nt , oilier creditors. The bank claimed to be the Treasury. Ho would not go into the' dispensed with during the present year, or details, but ihey might be found in tho have uny material icductiou. Register of Debates. Mombois could then , get three and four per cent. 011 their drafts. 1 A public meeting has been called or tho But thai was all tight perfectly right citizens of St. Louis, lo devise means of But now, thai tho hank was not tlio Treas- checking 1 ho alarming progrivs of intern ury, nil was wrong Ho would admit that pernnce, it ml increase of dram shops in Mr, Woodbury had not done a'prudent act) that city. in publishing that letter; httts'i l il wns no more, in substance, than had been done by tho Bank of tho United Stales. Il wai commended in the bank, but reprobated it) him. Mr. Iliddlc rejoined. He thought thnt all the censure which had been casl by nny one, on the present occasion, upon ihn Secretary of the Treasury, had been coif upon him by the jrentlotnan from North Carolmn. (Mr. McKay.) Trat gentle man had nnw told the House ihat he considered the publication of the circular os nn im prudent step. No doubt the gentleman considered it expedient that, the wholu thing should have been kept quiet, nnd that the members should have been --imply apprized, as they enme, that they might touch (ho specie fur their pay. Mr. B. had paseed no such ccnuro upon tlio Sec retary. He, on the contrary, had said that the publication of the letter was per fectly right; but that, having discerned in il what ho thought was nt least very luiblo to perversion, he had off.rcd an inquiry to know if the letter were genuine. 11 hod cast no censure. lie had spoken merely of the bearings nnd tendency of such a measure. As to tho law of t!.'3G, that was intended to apply equally to nil crcilitnra of the Govcrntnont. If so, nnd this offer was but a compliance with that law, why was not a similar offer made to all tho other creditors of the Government? Would iho gentleman pretend that it had been? Tho Secretary him-clf admitted the contrary, and in bis report had told Congress that ho win utterly unable to do nny such thing. Such being the case, Mr. !!. wanted to know, and ibis was precisely the point of his inquiry, how the Secretary came to exorcise the tremendous power of niscnt.MtNATiMi between public creditors . 3 On that question the gentleman had ore fully abstained from saying ono word. What a mockery was it to say thnt the creditor wns not obliged to receive nnr note in payment which was not equivalent to specie? Suppose bucIi n note offered to ono of your officers in Florida, nnd ho should say, "f will not take thn.;" what wns the consequence ? He must lake bis chance for the means of support. How comfortable lo be turned off with 6iich an alternative ! The gentleman said Iho law allowed all tho creditors nf the Government to get specie for their demand: but was nny such offer made to tho Slates? No encli thinjj. They could not get a single dollar. The creditor may refuse payment in paper! yes: nnd is the poor laborer, when paper or nothing is his alternative, to say, "I refuse to receivn paper," and to let hi family starve while he stands on the law of 183(5? What was this bill adding insult to injury? Va9itn0ta mockery of the public distresses? Anil wa9 it not the duty of this Hotisn to ask Ihn Secrctarv of the Treasury 011 what principle il was lint ho exerci-ed this discretionary power. He had put the inquiry in order that when they got thi! reply, they might act in such a manner ns thrj dignity of that House should require. Mr. McKay. Ho says that no such offer was made to the States. True; and for a very good reason, that no debt i r'uo to tho States. It is only a ttaiitler of the surplus revenuo from one part of thn Treasury to another: from the strong-box here to the strong-boxes in other places. But here is a belter answer. Hero 1 th? pnmo identical offer made to the States. Here is the copy of n circular from the Secretary which I will road to the Hou-e. Mr. McK. here quoted an extract declar ing that no ono of the States was required to occept her quota 111 any money which was not nt par, nnd which she would not be willing so 10 credit in account. As to tho remark of the gentleman, that I conceded the publication of the Secreta ry's letter was not prudent, I only meant it so far ob his own reputation was concern ed : ns it offered on opportunity for gen tlemen to misinterpret it in the "way which has now been done. The letter says noth ing mom than the law of 103G. Mr. liiddle. It perhaps would not al together become mo to engage in a strug ghi with the vcnerablo gem Ionian trom North Carolina. A laugh. Probably at Iho term vcnerablo applied to so young n man. I only ask the House to compare this circular to tho States with the circular tons. Is there any thing 111 Iho letter to us nbout the embarrassments nf ihe coun try ? Not a word. Thu States indeed are told they need not accept paper, savo at par : but ice nrc told I hat we shall touch the specie. The Slntes. if they refused paper, might he put off indefinitclv. but our pay w.n to be in hard cash. This w the result of the comparison. Mr. Mchai called for ihe rpadin of the whole circular to tho States: and it was road accordingly. The resolution, as modified, was then ogreed to. Mr. licit, of Tenncsiee. offered the fo lowing resolution ; which lies for consider. at i on ono dnv : Jiesalvtd, That tho Secretary of tho Preosury be directed, withes-little dolnv as possible, to cnnitunitMairitnoiiso the amount of thu appVopfflnuit thu past nnd present yOar remainMpifiiexpnud. cd; the amngnt required to fulfil nil exist ing engagements contracted prior to the Iht day of June last, nnd all existing en gogonienis contracted since that tune. Also, tho ainouni of moneys drawn from Ihn Treasury and placed iii the hands of disbursing officers nr agents nn the 1st duy of May lat, mid nt tho present time. Aim Unit ho nltii report whnt objects of pi'iiiic expenditure can, with iho least j r y to the public service, be either wholly

Other pages from this issue: