Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, September 29, 1837, Page 2

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated September 29, 1837 Page 2
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( I U A V MORNING, SEPTUM UKR 20. '''o.Nonr..!f. It is now intimated (hat ngrcss will adjourn on the Otli October. 10 bills for wilhnldiug tho fourth instal nt, fur extending the time on duly id.-!, mid authorizing thu issue of Troas- notes, have passed 1 ho Senate and nrc w under discussion in tho IIousc--a!l of deli it is believed will pass. The sub usury bill s n"v: before the Senate, and Into i? considered doubtful, The cor--pon Jcnt of dm Huston Altos soya the unto will he about equally divided upon . It m of little consequence- to the mi nistration, however, whether this bill scs or not, as the eyslcin is already prac. illy in operntion, and die people mus lo ilia lust of another experiment. All i measure proposed arc for the benefit tho office-holders. When these arc . rricd, Congress will adjourn, nnd "the vernment" will console the people with i sage admonition of tho Jockass when i diiuccd anions thu chickens "let every mo lnli rnrnnf himself." At tho commencement of the present 'ssinn of Coiigreos the Sccretnry of the "rcusury gnvo official nolice to the rncm rs thai they could receive their pay i gold and silver, which it was prpsumcd ioy would consider nn especial favor. lie Fame Globe which contained Mr, oodliury'a notice contained also a notice nn Mr C. J. Nodrse, addressed to "mem :rs of Congress," saying that ho would y die highest premium for gold and sil- r. IJiddleof P nns-y 1 v:a n ia, it seems has .lied upon the Secretary for an cxplana in ofihc nfuir, and look occasioii to ex ess his views preity freely on diceubjcct. no debate will he found on our first page, which we would direct tho attention of to reader. The ofiicers of the 1st regiment, com. iindi'd by Col. Thomas, and of tho Rifle - 'jdtpi ut commanded by Col. Parker, ct at this place on the 13th inst. for drill id military discipline, and we were highly '.itifi'd with the military spirit and bear g of tho officers on that occasion. Ca t. J. XV. Curtis, from the Norwich 'nivcrsily. officiated as drill-master. Mr. '. evidently understood his business, and s detriment as an officer nnd agendo- .ia, plainly shew that his orders were to obny d. Much credit is due to the '':v'.u Inspector, Maj. Allen, (who wo licvn is a twig from a branch of tho hero TiiiondiToga,) for his enterprise and mil judgment in procuring the valuable rvice3of Mr Curtis for this occasion. Wo o not surprised that some of the subaltern 'jenr:. expressed dissatisfaction with Mr. V. )'( cou rbo nf discipline : while die Id ofi'ic. rs, who took their stations in tho iik:', express their entire satisfaction with . k'--umii. I'ut is it at all wonderful that 'n should become restive under the ope iinn of our present militia systctu. Its irlhous are heaped upon ihoso lenst able bear them; and then tho farmer's son :d tli laboring rum, who are drawn from 0 extreme purl of tho Brigade for a two thr- e days drill, are laughed at by every wypr. doctor, Justice? of tho Peace, gen '.mi'ii loafers nnd nil, becanso they do not tiri.-h nod exercis'o belter when in fact y rvr hud nn instructor, and know raclic'j'ly nothing about the duties of a Id'cr. Here is manifest injustice. If .f .-late requires the services of the oil i "ii for Iho public defence, let the state irnii'i him with tho necessary implements, 'struct hun in his duty, and remunerate n fur hi! M.-rviros. It is high dmo, in "iir opinion, that our legislature should di 'ci their attention to this subject. We hivi' i i f .K.ding ' aiiiiv on this northern ;Ci i our reliance is upon tho ftrong irm of :h ciir.'Mi soldier; and although w have no present feara of foreign inva .mn, yet is it iriiiiifosl that the time is not di-'noi when it may rcqniro the services of !oud njltlicrr? to protect such nf our citi as dare io t'xrrciso tho rights nf freemen nt tho poll. Tho events of tho lasl elec ri 'M furiiieh fruitful admonilions on this subject. We earnestly hope Governor Jenisnn will bringthis subject before tho leg'n.lalure n his next menace, and recommend such a reviiion n' the militia law as shall secure to Iho public the services of soldiers, and :t die sr.mc lime respect the rights of citi IC'17. M unij. Oolv two plantations, that give I'i'iiit fil'iy votes, remain lo bo heard from Tho result is a majority of six hundred for Kent, 'iver Iho Maturing and all Whig eiKos-'iilativoc are elected in fivo of Iho nn in which no choico was rnada on the rst ballot. The lejiislaturo will ba whig i both brunches. From the Portland Advtrthtr of Saturday, I'ltc itesall. Once morn wo put tho li ct " n rt'cord. dial our political adversaries in v not mistake out forbearance and mod ruinn for douht or fear Wo say that t li o uie.ii'.., IS NOW SHTTLKD. Wo rn. t! i KDWAItO KHN'i' IS VA.V.G ') Governor of Maino by a innjority of . ut six hundred ! Tho Whig victory In Mamo has been Hindu the occasion for burning a deal of villainous saltpetre? Salutes of one, iwo, three and live hundred gnus, have been tired at Moutpolier, Concord, Boston, New York, nnd "all along shore." Caiubrolcng informed the House on Fri day last that unless relief was furnished within one week, the Treasury must stop payment ! Extract of a letter from Washington: 'I can scarcely givo yon any accurate impression as to the effect produced on the friends of the administration, by the result of tho constcst in Maine. They have cith. cr become so accustomed to defeat, or havo been beaten until Ihey arc so callous that they have Icarnl lo conceal their truo feel ings, or they have no feeling left. They bear the loss cf Maine with a melancholy sort of philosophy, which approaches Iho apathy of despair; and as far as I can judge from their demeanor and their looks, ihey are composing their minds to the conclusion which Fcems inevitable, that at the end of four years Mr. Van Burcn will bo left at liberty and at leisure to at tend to hi? farm and his concerns nt Kindcrhook, or wherever he may think proper lo teat himself down, nnd "face life's taper to its close." Tho effect of the loss ol Maine on tiic course ot tho mcm- hers from that slate, may not exhibit itself i c .i i mi i i before tho long session. The change has come upon them with a paralyzing force; j -. . , i r i- .i it has deprived then for a moment of the j .lower of detenniniu" unon their course of action; aud they will probably rciurn home beforo they will bo able to settle down on any precise track which they will pursue. If they should come back in De cember instructed by iho tono of public opinion, if not in posidvo terms, tliey will bo sufficient to turn tho majority of the administration into a minority, a circuni. Blanco devoutly lo bo wished. I think some of the Van Burcn representatives of Pennsylvania begin to feel uneasy as to the course of that state. l-'iom die Mndisoninn. Thus wliilu our deleat in lthodo Hand is fresh in our minds, comes this astound ing news from Maine, one of t ho strong holds, hitherto, of tho present and late ad, tninitratiun. Il'llie administration is to be saved, one would think that its attention had belter be turned to tho "divorce" of "loco focoism" from all connection with it, rather than the "divorce of Bank and State. The New York Times says that the do positc banks in that city owe the govern ment littlo or nothing. Some of them il is said arc about to resume specie pay ments ! Specie wc obervo is falling. The last quotations at New York are Ah. to 4 premium. "Wo venture to predict, tint n rout morn Finnl iindoicruliclining ill. in eer Ix foie mei look fedrnil wlnery in Maine, awaits iliem in the cumm' eon lest." Such was tho language of tho Albany Argus, a few days before election. But, what a fulfilment! Uoulcdoverthrown. Tho Vanbnreniles this quarter bear il. however with christian resignation, and have, nn several occasions mustered a "melancholy smile" al the alleged pntaibil' ty that tho scattering votes might defeat an election! Such was tho import of a communication of Gov. Hill to his cousin Buckingham, in this plaeo, on Saturday. Verily, in the emphatic language of odver. tiscment, oru "small favors gratefully recei ved." Dut even these arc unreal. Kent elected, and iho victory is scaled by ten thousand Whig guns, A small schooner owned on the opposite sidu of iho Lake, and freighted with a horse and thirty or forty sheep, was wreck cd a few nights sinco ofl' sharp-shins, Cargo lo.-t. Florida. Active preparations arc ma king to prosecute an Indian Campaign the coming winter. Louisiana has been called on lor u brigado of volunteers, aud Ten nessee for a company of spies. Tho west, eru Indians decline taking part in the con. tea. Vehmont The penpriil ifsiiIi of die election in thin SlatP U much die sains ns last jp.ir nlmiit 10 Wlii" inajoiil) in the llniisn, and U) U'liigs to 10 V. R. in llie Senate, (uno uaiii;, Soino gaim mm hwh'h, Din noi wnrui n iiiiI pmimale. Wi hum, however, nimjiuwlaio our (ood Vliii hreih l rn al Jliiilinjjlon foi die ilecisno liclnry j; nii':d hy ll n Roml Heal ol government, p.ilron.ige is hplmvpil in that place, and, in addition to iho (ominou s i.ed loac and li-hes, ihein in now in die pi ores ol expi'iidiliiiR for n ureak-w aier, Tw o iiusdhki) tiiousam) UOI.LAHS. Wo do not complain of ihin woik, for we helieic it will le n public benefit; lint wo ppe.iU of It lo show the inlluenre which necessarily rcriilis fiom so copious a flinwpr as two handled thousand dollan. IS'nlliaii H, llaswell ii ilie suppiinieiideiit of the huililiui; of t li c hieal,. water. Ilu was also ono of i lie Van llinen (audidatrs fir Senainr, and is di'f.'iuuil. Ilnny llrailley, u Whig, is rimed iep lesentalivn of Ihn lliij-t'oii, hy a inajoiity of U7 imo. nn. in i-y 14 Known, at inline ami iihiinid, ns it (enllpin in nf rxlensivc liusincss mipllurnt, iipnxlil, nnd highly rcspprtnble. We tt ndrr him our warm iRknuwIeil-piieiiis. Spii it u uinuiij.oix, HTMcn who act without regard to fixed principles uro niways crofsing llicir own tracks. Tlicir history is a series of incon sistencies und contradictions. Such is tho caso with tho "Author of iho letter to Shorrod Williams," who stands recorded as the advocate und Iho opponent of die United States Bank; and who has been lauded as dm Father of a system of stuto banking from which ho now seeks a divorce! Such, ton, is J he position of his proilignte organ, the vita Globe. In HI3-I, Mr Leigh, a Senator from Virginia, avowed iho fol lowing sentiment : ' "7Vie Treasury mhl to he divorcnl from all connexion with banks, stale or federal. To this, die Washington Glubo replied as follows: "Tho proposition is disorganizing and revolutionary, subversive of the funiluiiirii tal principles of our government, and of its entire practice, from 1 7110 down to this day. It h as palpable as the sun, thai the clf'Cl of this scheme would bo, to bring the pub lic trensuro much M'.Anr.a dio Bctual 'ens tody nnd control nf the President,' than il is now, nnd expose it lo be plundered by a hundred hands, where one cannot now reach it." And yet this same Globe is now in favor of the "revolutionary, disorganizing propo sition" which ho then denounced a9 "a scheme that would expose the Treasury to bo plundered by a hundred hands, where one cannot now reach it!" We learn from the Missouri Republican, lli.it Mr, Vim Biiipii's tipgucialion with the Sac unit Fox tribe of Indians fur the purpose uf oljtti itiinij tlicir assistance in the war against the .Seminole, has entirely f.iilcil. When the proposition was made, one of the chicfa rose and made lliia memora ble icply. "Tell our Great Father nt Washington, we. nrc forrv lo hear that lie is w.uiini; with die lied men of 1 1 in eonili. Tell him we, Ion, urn tnned in u war of our own widi the Sioux. Tliey me killiivj our n union nnd biates, ami leatinir. our cliildion lii'lnlc-H nnd defenceless; our lodges are unsafe, .J om Mm,jll;! ff,()miu m(, find u oh die cowardly ilos. If om- (licat l'niher nt Wa-li'mston wiil send in one bundled of his men, and help us lo j.J ,lic Smx flom 0111. i,,,,,,,,,,...,.!,, ,,d l0 mimic iIipiii tnuil diet lien fur their lues Ike wo. men, we will pay our I ailier fir Ilis men , much as iliev clpscrw! ; nnil ;n soon :i' l lie nimix nic con qnpied, we. will n and help our Kailier in hid war wiili die Kcd men of I lie mulli. If our I'alher can nol help m lo do i!ih, wp cannot help The officer in cliaige of lliis fenice, not haling die authority lo enter into a ttcaly offensive and tic fenshe, was, fiom I tic terms, compelled to fuiego any further nrgoci.ition. QtrThc lloo. Mr. Win: declared, on the floor of Congress, that the cruel, merciless and disgraceful war which wc have wa ged ojainst tho Florida Indians, has al ready COST THIRTY MILLIONS OF DOLLARS! Hard Time?. One would scarcely be lievc that Mobile was within tho freezing latitudes, when thu fact is staled dial the demand there tor ice was so great, nn the ICth i us t. that $i0 was offered for a piece etuht inches square, and what is belter, the offer was refused, says tho Mobile Exam iner tho landlord stating that his custom crs would level his house to the earth, were he thus coolhj to defraud them of their rights. CONCIUJ-SS. Mr. WensTRR in his remarks on the bill to postpone the fourth instalment to the state took occanon to express Ins views, as to the duties of the government, touching the currency, in which, it will be seen, he re pudiates tho idea of a separation of tho in terests of the government, from die inter. csts of the people. It liaa, no (inuiii, sirncK toe country generally Mint tho most important ohji'e lion to the Message is, ih.it it savs iiuth- ing abnt relief lo the country, directly nnd mainly; the whole amount of tho prnposi lion it contain relates to the Government itself ; tho inlcre.-t of the community treated as collateral, iiiciiteutal, niiu con tingent. So in the communication made hy tho Secretary of the Treasury, tin! slate uf tho currency, tho condition which the commerce and trade of the country now are, i-i not looked to as t prominent anil material object. Tho Sec retory's report, as well as the Message it. self, exclusively regards tie inlere.-t of the Government, lorjioli ing, or poising hy tho People. J ho oui pourings ot tho ivcrota rv, which are very enu-Milerali! in qnainitv nre under seven head, thu exact number of I hot-even viaN of which wo read; but the contents of none of these h e-uicucted or prepared in rofereneo in the benefit of Mm coinmuuHv ; all Iho mcilmiue is inten ded for tiio Goveminei t Treasury, and there is none for the sickness and disease of Hociety, except collaterally, remotely and b -t lio-bv. It is, however, to dm credit of tho President that he has uivi'ii in an tincnuivocal and intelligiblo manner his reasons for not rccoinuiundiiig a plan lor the ruliel ot the country, anil they an. that, according lo his view, it is not with in tho constitutional pmvinco of Govern men;. I confess (said Mr. W.) this decla ration is to mo nuito astoumhni;, and cannot but think that, uheu il conies to be considorcd, it will produce a shock upon the whnlo country, I ins avowed disre gard of tho public dislrose.upon dio ground of alleged want of power; this exclusive concern for tho interest of Government nnd revenue ; this line of distinction now for tho first dmo, drawn between tho in loresifiofthu Government and the interests of the People, must certainly present a new era in our politics. Fur one, (i-nid Mr. W.) I consider Government as but a mere ajency; it acts not fur itself, hul for thcieniiniry ; tho whole end and desisn of its bunir is to promote dm f'enoral inter csts of ihocoininuniiy. Peculiar interests, selfish interests, cxclusivo record for it self, aro wholly incompatible with the ob jects of its institution und convert it from us truo character as an agoncy for the People, into n sopcrnlo dominant power, with purposes and objects exclusively its own. Holding, Mr. President, opinions on ibis subject, and being prepared to stand by and maintain theni, I certainly rejoice at die clear shapo which tho qucedion tins at last assumed. Now, he that runs may road, there aro nouu but can'sco what the question k: is there any duty incumbent on ihia Govornmeut to lupcrin'tcnd tho ac tual currency of tho country ? has it any thing to do beyond tho regulation of the gold and silver coin? In that statu of mixed currency which existed when the Constitution was formed, and which ha existed ever since, is it or is it not a part oflho duty of the Government lo excrcUe a supervisory caro and concern over thai which const iiutijs by far the greater part of l hat currency ? In oilier words, may this Government abandon to the Stales and In Iho local bunk's', without control or Mipcrvision, the unrestrained issue of paper for circulation, without any attempt. on its own part to es tablish a paper medium which shall be equivalent to specie, and universally ac credited nil over the country? Or, Mr. President, to put the question in still oth er words, since this Government has tho regulation of trade, nol onlv between the United Stales nnd foreign States, but bo tweon tho several Slates, themselves, has it nevertheless no power over that which is the most important and essential agent or instrument of trade, die actual circuli ting medium? Now, Mr. President, on these questions, as already said. I enter lain sentiments wholly different from those which the Message expresses. Il is, i-aid Mr. W.. in my view, an im perative duty imposed upon this Govern moot bv the Constitution, In excrciso a suncrvisury core and control over all that is in the country assuming tho nature nf a currency, whether metal or paper ; all the coinago of the country is placed in iho power of the Federal Government; no S'atc, by its stamp, can givo lvalue to a brass larlhing. J he power o retrulate trade and commerce b.-t ween tho United States and foreign or Indian nations, and also between the respective States them selves, is expressly .conferred by the Con- Mtntion upon the General Government. Now, it is clear thai the power to regulate commerce between tho Slates carries' with it, not impliedly, but necessarily and direct- a full power ot regulating the essential elemcnl of commerce, viz. the currcocy of the country, the money, which consti tutes the life and soul of commerce. We live in an ago when paper unnev is an esm sential element in all trade between the Stales ; its uo is inseparably connected with all commerc al transactions. That it is so, is now evident, since by the suspr.n. sum ot those institutions from which this kind of money emanates, nl! business is comparatively at a stand. Now. sir, said Mr. W.. what I maintain is simply tin that it surely is the duty of some body to lake care of the currency of the country: it is a duly imposed upon some power in ibis country, as is done in every other civilised nut ton in the world. I repeat, sir, that it is tho duty of soma Govcriuni nt or other to supervi.-e the cur rency. Surely if wu have a pnper medium in the count rv, it ought only to exist under the sanction and supervision ot the Gov ernmont of die country. Now, sir, if the General Government does not excrci this supervision, who else, I should like to know, is to do it ? Who supposes that il belong? to any of the State Governments, for example, to provide for or regulate die currency between New Orleans and New York ? 1 he inVn ha huen thrown out that it i.i not the duty of the Government to make provision for domestic exchanges, nod the practice of other Governments has been referred to; but, think, in this particular a great mi-Make bus been ceiuinitlcd. It is certainly far otnerwisc in Lngland : she provides fur them most admirably, though hy means not perhaps altogether in uur piwer; t-lic nnd other nation-', however, provide for theni, nuo it is plain aud ohviou that if wu are to have n paper medium of general credit in this country, it, mii-t be under the (-auction nuil supermini) of the guvui iiiiivui . oiiuii u u;irruuuy i? um-ii u proper provision for exchange?. If there ho a paper medium always equivalent to coin, nnd of cqunl credit in every part of the country, this itself becomes a most tin pnrtanl instrument of exchange. Curren cy and exchange- thus become united; in providing lor ono, Government provides tor the other. II the Government will do its duty on tho great subject of the enrren cv. Hie mercantile ano industrious classes will feel Iho benefit through all the opera tions of exchange. No doubt sotuo mod of establishing such a currency may bo more favorable to exchange than others; but bv whatever mode esiublished, such a currency iiuirt ho useful to a great extent The que.-tion, therefore, comes to ibis whether we are to have such a medium I underr-tand there aro gentlemen win' are npp iseil to all paper money, who would havu no medium whatever in circulation hut gold and silver; now this, at all event is an intelligiblo proposition; but lo tlnmo who say that Ihere may bo a paper medium, and yet that there shall bo no such medium universally receivable, nnd ot general credit, however honest Iho our pnes of such gentlemen may bo, I cannol perceive I he sanity of such views ; I can not comprehend the uliluy of their inten tions; I can havu no faith, sir, in any such systems. Now, I would ask this plain qnet-tion, whether any ono imagines that all the duty uf Government, in respect to tho currency, is comprised in merely taking caro dint tho gold and silver com be not debased? If this bo all its duty, thai dulv is performed, for thero is no debasement of them, ihey are good and sound; if this is all the duty ot Government, it has done its dutv ; bin if Government is bound to regulate commerce nnd trade, and cousc quenily to exercise oversight and caro over Hint which is tho esi-ential clement of all die trniiMiulions of cuinuiorce, then Gov eminent has dune nothing. I shall not, however, (said Mr W.) enter into this question to-day, not perhaps on any enrly oceii'ion; my opinions upon it are all well knuwn, n nil I leave it with great confidence lo tho judgment of the country, only expressing my strong con viction that until tho People do mako up their minds, and cuuso thu result of their coiiclusiuns to ho curried into effect hy their representatives, there will be nothing hut agitation and uncertainty, confusion and distress, in thu commerce and trado of tho country. Monday, Sept. 10. The Senate despatched an abundance of business to-day. Tho facility with which bills wero read aud passed, would (cud to givo tho iiuuroEsioii that tho man ufacture of laws wns not en Tery lobori-1 ous on operation after all, It would seem that Iho minority in tho Senate, havo tin idea of throwing away their powder and shot for nothing ; so they givo tho Chair oflho Committee of Finance, a frco rein, and leave tho battlo to bo fought in dm House; and it will bo fought there, I om preity sure, to sotuo very good purpose. Hcnlon closed his discourse upon tho Treasury note bill, with n. review of the several bills proposed by the administra tion, each nnd all of which, as ho contend ed, and undertook to show, was fraught with vast relief not only to Iho govern ment but to the people. But Iho greatest measure of all was still behind, to wit, the proposed bankrupt law, a most glorious monsures, which would restore tho oper ation of bankruptcy (o its ancient legiti mate original use which Would break the benches of (hose bankers who did not pay their debts ! Walker moved lo strike out the clauc which allowed inlorcst on tho notes. Ho said that as matters now etood cofion wns the only thing in which remittances to Kti ropn could bo made, and this circumstance tended to keep up tho price of cotton; whereas if dieso Treasury notes bear in terest, ihey would be seized upon as a re. miitancn to Europe, to the injury of the cotton market. Wright said, his only object was to got the bill through as soon as possible, and to relieve the necessities uf the government. It seemed lo ba quite a matter of indiffer. enco to him, whether l lies notes bore inter, est or not. lie would bo perfectly satis fied to get them in any shape. But as some ol his own friends, as well as some of die opposition had decided objection to notes without inntcrest, ho shaped the bill so a lo get rid nf that objection. htng ot Gpnrgia, undertook to refute Walker, and Walker replied, lie mudifi cd his amendment so as to limit tho inter, est allowed or tin notes to three per cent. l tbitcr and Calhoun each spoko upon tho fciibjoct. lienlon demanded the yeas and nays. Tho amendment was lost ayes G, noes 40. Inc. bill then passed to be engrossed for for a third reading ayes 45, uacs 5. J uksdav, bept. 19, Never havo I,, on a similar occasion. experienced tnoro disappointment than I did this morning, 'in listening to the speech of Mr. Calhoun. For the lost ten days die city has been kept on tip-toe, in die expectation of something extraordinary from die South Carolina senator. Il wn circulated in whispers that ho had a pin n by means of which tho community would ho relieved. It was, according to the hope and expectations of his friend, a sovereign penacca for all tho ills ot the Imdy politic. At length, on Saturday, it was anticipated thai tho excited cunnily of the gaprig multitude would bo gratified. But when the moment for developenienl arrived Mr. Calhoun was not yet prepared with his lest question. 11c asked time until Monday, and after a slmrt sitting the Senate agreed to grant tho time, and adjourned. Tina morning, at an oarlyhour, die gal lories wero filled to overflowing. The House of Representatives was deserted, nnd thu floor of tin Snnnto crowded, f will nol attempt n description oflho speech but must repeat I was disappoititcdsorely disappointed. As to a plan he presented none. Ho said t h' treasury department must bo re-organized, but he had no details to ofior. Ilu expressed his hostility to every measure that has yet hrpn sugg'st ed. The only proposition ho presented was. that tho Government should receive until January, 1 033, three quarters of their dues, in the notes of ppecio paying irinks. That the second vear, diev should receive ono half the amount, in Iho notei of said banks. The third year one quar ter, nnd after that nothing but gold or silver, or the paper of the government. In speaking of General Jackson and his administration, Mr Calhoun was very amiable, much more so than I expected. Mr. Benton made a few remark"; the point of which w:m, in die language of din beg gar girl that .Mr. Calhoun had stole ' story. According to the speech of die Senator from Missouri, die Senator from South Carolina had only taken up his bill and his remarks on n former occasion, aud remoulded them- The friends of Mr. Cal honn inform mo that I must not judge ol'hun by what ho has said or done lo day. I hope not. 1 am compelled to believe that Mr. Cal honn has had some project in contempla liiin; which for reasons ol slate, he ha-i deemed it expedient In abandon, nt all events for Iho present; and that in this di lemma ho nfi'iTod the resolutions or amend ments which ho brought forward to-day. Although ho has heretofore termed Iho proposition a erf qur-ition, lie did not press a discussion of it. There must have been a mighty falling off, or ho is not tho man he is represented lo be. In the Senate, iho Treasury Note bill, and tho Merchant'- bond bill passed, and wero sent to the House. Jlr Hives introduced his bill, which provides that the dues of tho government shall bo received in 6pecio or in tho notes of specie paying banks, provided, dial the notes of no bank which shall not resume payment within (blank) months, or which hereafter shall ever stop specie payments, never, under any circumstances, shall be received by iho government. Tho object of this provi-o is to bring about n resump tion of specie payments. Mr. Rives has cut loosu frmn Benton altogether, and de nounces his hard money t-ystem in the terms it deserves; nnd tnoro yet, he idiows its tolly, its impracticability, its danger It is a great speech. Jltvei has eomo out from among them. Wkdnksmav, Sept. CO. The bills to givo thu merchants nine months extension on their bonds, and the depnsite banks four, six and nino months, to refund the public monies, in gold or sil ver, havo passed and gnno to tho oilier House. Next Monday tho warehouse bill will como up, it was postponed at tho re. quest of Mr. Calhoun, Mr Wright brought in to day a hill to remit thu duties on goods lost by the fire of 1035, at New York. In die House to-day, Mr. Cambrelcng had tho floor. Tho debate was animated ; scvernl gentleman participated. It became Very personal al last, Mr. Biddle, ono of tho closest and must logical rcasuuers in tho House, made n powerful display. lie lifted tho veil of Jacksonism from tlic body poljlic and fiicIi a scene of corruption presented itself, dint nvon tho party turned Irutn it Willi ubhorrence. TiiunsriAV, Sepl. 21. We have had two speeches to day m the Senate, one by Mr. Smith of Indiana, and another by Mr. Strange of North Carolina Tho former contended that all our present. evils have risen from tho removal oflho do. po-itcs and tho putting down ol I he United States Bank. Ho spoke al considernhlc length, and spoko very well It is die first lime that ho lias spoken in the Senate, and he was listened lo with great respect nnd attention. Ho is clearly, sincerely and consistently a Whig; and as he said to day, the voico of Indiana was with him; tho voice of iho west, to which iho east was beginning to givo responsive echoes, was also with him. lie gnvo a sly and sharp hit at Mr Calhoun, when ho said that somo gentlemen were so ingenious in their mcta physics, Ihat they could argue themselves into a belief that what was apparent lo their common senses had no cxisteuco in locality at all, but ho spoke in truth the plain send iiicnts which ho imbibed from his inter course with the people. There were pas sagos in which ho raised himself far above the level nf an ordinary orator. In the House, the finance debate is going on, and is perhaps, likely to go on thiongli thu whole of the present week: after which probably the IIooso may consent In act upon the ousiness winch is accnintrating on their hands. The Houso is beginning to wax warm, nnd unless business shall bo dotu, will soon begin to sit lalo o'ntghts. Tiic Great 1'u.mpkin. In noticing Iho pumpkin in the horticultural exhibition yester day, wo slated that il was eight feet six inches in diameter. It is said thai numerous applica tions havo been made for the article. Ono man wanted it for a circus, another wanted to open a school in the shell; several persons considered il an cligildo position for a fancy store, and it is anded that the police officers of the city, struck with thu account, formed thu project of purchasing it for a police station a sort of round house, in which to lock up va grants. Plans were formed also fur obtaining the grand afl'air for an olfico for tho sub-Treasury, should tho views of the administration obtain. Several of our New liiL'land friends, who nro uously inclined, thought thai it would do fur a meeting house, the slom serv ing for a steeplo. And somo wore thinking of preserving it. as a proper ve-sel lo place in thn Delaware, from which to lire a salute in lion, or of the lal Yankee victory. But when they learned that wu hid, hy a lapsis pr.nnx, given the circumference a' tho diimctcr, it was cvi dent that the earnestness oflho contest ceased. It is probable that our Van Huron brethren of iho city will purchase iho ailiclc, tn hold their town meetings in : and we can tell them, as somebody oneo said by another place, -'ihey may go further and fare worsu." U.S. Ga:, "Porta Jlillwnukie." This new town, in Wisronsiu Tuntory. also presents Hi shipping list of arrivals and clearance, ninnutiliiig, from the Till to the "l-t Au gust, to twenty-four barques? schooner', sod steamboats, from different parts of the Far West or Lake country. This tlinving place, scarcely four yours old on the map. increases lilcrnlly by steam power and they already begin In talk in their news papers, some uf which nro iie.T.y six months old. of tho Slate of Wisconsin, and low ay Territory. LONDON POLICE. Yesterday a hoy, 13 years of age, nnnifd Henry Hooper, was brought before lie Lord Mayor, charged with havinj nt. tempted -D pick die pockets of i-uveral gentlemen. Two policemen stated that they had observed the boy, whom they knew to bo n ciever tia tin." try somo poclfts in quite a practised manner. At last they took hun into custody, to prevent mischief. The boy, who appeared to bo up to tho Old Bailey practice, undertook his own defence with great spirit, and occasioned some surnrii-o in die justice room. "Yon sny." said he to oun of tho police men, "that you know me. I'm like oilier boys, nn't I ? Nothing extraordinary about me ?" policeman I saw you distinctly try two or three pockets. Boy Mind what you Bay. There' somebody here knows that yon are telling a whopper. Lord Mayor We'll hear your witness- s presently. Boy I don't mean sich witnesses n him, please vnur lordship. I mean the witness t lint won't bu seen. Lord Mayor Then vou mean to appeal to God? ' ' Boy And no miMake. I'd ho glad to know what chance that policeman will havo in the other world, if ho tells sich lies of a poor innocent liny? Well, what did you sco mo do besides ? Tho second policeman said, that he saw tho prisoner ncnially put his hand down into the pockets of'passers-by. Boy I'd be glad to know whether you have any idea of another world ? (Lau'h ter.) Lord Mayor Why, you eco you ore known. Boy Known ! Your Lordship won't believe what theso men sav of me, will you ? I'm suro I would'nt' believe what ihey say nf you. A third police-man I turned him out of Aldgalo in the morning, my Lord. Ho was looking in at a shop, no doubt to ns. certain whether ho could not make a grab ut something. Boy Oh, Lord, oh Lord ! I just went lo look in at a shop windy, to sec whether thero was a nolice up for an errand boy, when this iinn comes up. Iiullwalkt.il away without a word from him. for I sup pose I nnv uso my legs at any rate. Lord Mayor Certainly, but these men say, that you havo n very awkwiird way of using your hands. Boy -they don't consider, my Lord, that there's somebody up nbnvo as is lis Joning to 'em this wery blessed minute. I hey never saw me in trouble in their lives. I'm a poor hard-working lad uu ever was. and I never put u hand into any pocket hut my own: Tho Lord Mayor. Why did you not send for your friends, if you aro to good and so industrious. Boy.-There's no use in it. I'vo told these policemen a dozen times whore to go, but they won't do any tiling without

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