Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, December 8, 1837, Page 2

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated December 8, 1837 Page 2
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" m yU M & 1UT & D 2LT U 1 1) A XjA O It N I K 0 , DHCtLM IlK.lt 8. Canada. After tlio lapse of a whole week we find ooreelvcM still without vcll authenticated particulars olthoSt. Charles nnil Si. Dennis nfi'urs, or of the rieluul position of parties nt the present moment. Of one thing howavor, we tire quite ccrtrtin, tlmt llicru has been misrepresentation on both sides. No Montreal papers have b.'cn received since Saturday, and the last mail brought not even a letter. The town of .Montreal is now baricaded nnd prepared, as far as possible, for a win tor siege. Every loyal citizen ia a soldier, nnd the city presents the single aspect of n military camp. The military movement of Col. Gore on Friday, to which rumor had assigned the duty of burning St. Dennis and Si. Charles, turns out to havo been one fur the pro'ection of the public stores nnd other property at Soroll, and not for offensive operations. It ia now under stood that the patriot force assembled at St. Charles has retired into the country, nnd tlmt all is quiet, in that quarter at pres ent. We dial! next expect to hear news of interest from the upper district, in the vi cinity of Luke of the two Mountains, to which allusion is made in the article we copy from the Courier. POSTSCRIPT. Since writing the nbovo we have received intelligence from Higbgntc, that on Wednesday night a party of about forty patriots, who havo been at Sivanton sonu days, attempted to mike their way through to Missiskoui Bay, but were ambushed by several hundred loyalists, ut St. Armands, nnd driven back with the loss of one man killed, three wounded, one prisoner, and their two pieces of ordnance. LATER PROM MONTREAL. Since the above was in type, wo have received tlio Montreal Coutior of Monday, from which wc extract tho follewing, in regard lo Col. Gores expedition. Wo nro luppv to bfi authorised lo slate llint t lis detachment of Her Majesty's troops under Colonel Ciorc, after spcii ling l'i iilay night nt Saint Ours, enlcied Si. Denis eaily nn Satuiday morning. Yesterday they ivoie at Si. Chailes; mid tn.ilav thev nre to march upon St. Ihiicinth, in pursuit of the rebels, Papineau and Nelson, u ho nic (apposed to have fled in that direction. St. Charles and llm oilier principal village o'i dm Kiclielicu nro lo bu occupied until further order. Wc ought to add, that the howitzer, and tlio fivo wounded men left I ehinil on tlic23.l, wern recover ed ; nnd dial the property of I tie rebel Nelson, us well 89 the house from which he ami hit gan fired on her majesty's iroopj, wcic burnt. Lord Gosford has issued his proclamation, requiring the disaffected to return to their respective homes and remain quiet citizens, nnd callinc upon all uuoil una loyal mtijccts to be ready at a mornanl's warning fur whatovor emergency may arise. Largo rewards arc offered for the arrest of Papincnu, Drown, and n number of other loaders. Mo:tri:ai., Dec. 1, 1 037. Tho late nccounts from Grand Brule and its neighbourhood arc of a character to dc mand a full share of public attention. On Sattiaday last, a muster of some hundreds of t lie rebels took plaeo nt Grand Brule, nnd on Sunday a second woa held, at which wc havo beeii credibly informed that no Ipss than 2000 men were in attendance. For some time past, wo aro assured they havo been nt work upon entrenchments of one kind and nnother, for the defence of Grand Brule, from an attack in either direction, wliother from Montroal or from tho back country. An American gontlu man who passed through tho place about noon on Tuesday last, informs us that he waa slopped there nnd examined, by a body of about 150 nrmcd men who ap peared to be acting as a regular guard under the command of n man named Courtsor.r.ns. In tho course of his exam ination, he was told that they had boon keeping such a guard thcro ever since the Saturday before, and were determined to nllow no communication but such as they think unobjectionable, to tnko place thro' their district. While- detained, our infor mant saw a man who was hinted to bo a prisoner, make his escnpo from tho house of a Mr. Biia:u:au, just by. lie was in stantly pursued by u mounted parly, and doubtless retaken After some delay, our informant himself wns allowed to proceed, but he was assured by tho mail-carrier who overtook him at St. Martin that evening, that the robols regretted afterwards that thoy hart not made him prisoner. On Wednesday, wc learn that the mail carrier was himself stopped on his return, nnd his mail taken from him. The tamo day a party of 100 or innro proceeded to visit and disarm mntt of tho loyalists rcsi ding in that quarter. Somo days before, individuals had been thus visited, but this titnn the movement wan made general. A large proportion of theso disarmed loyalists came into town yesterday with t hoi r fnmi- Jies, and wo nro assured bv individuals of their number with whom wo hnvo con versed, tlmt the whole of them will imme diately follow. It is timo tho Icadors in this quarter were well looked after. Their misguided followers nrc slated to be con lidont n complete victory has been gained nver Col. Wktiif.ium. at St. Charhis. Wo fear that nothing bhort of n speedy visit from that gnllout officer, with n elrong brigade, will suffico to undeccivo them. MiMTAnv MovF.Mr.NT9. The John Bull and SI. George steamboats camo up yes terday forenoon from Quebec, with about COOO stand of arms nnd accoutrements complote. Tlio Farcnncs stoambrat left yestordny morning for Sorcl, with two field-pieces, a good supply of Congrovo rockets, and n detachment of Royal Artillery, under the command of Cnptnm IIolwoll. The John Hull also left fur tlio same plncc, w'uh l ho light coinpnny of llm C Uli, ui.der Cai tain Mnithuid, three rompaincs of tli, al. unuVr Cnptn.iijlruwn, one , comnnuv of the 03d, under Contain Ems ley, nnd u deliiclitncnl ol tho Montreal Volunteer Cavalry, under Cornet Sweeny, the whole force being commanded by tho Hon. Colonel (ioro, Deputy Quarter Muster General. The forco nlrcndy nt fiorel consisted of ono company of the '.i2d, undor Major Reed, und two of the GGth, under Cnpt. Cromp ton. With tho reinforcement just sent down, the whole will form ti nrcttv strong hrirrndc. Itrt precise destination is of course unknown. We nrc not sanguine enough to expect t tint any regular opposi tion will bo attempted, whatever it may be. The rebclii will hardly ho fools enough to act St. Charles and I't. Olivicrc over again, within tho six Counties. Yesterday morning, tho brigade under Lieut. Col. Wolhrrall, landed from tho Princess Victoria, having returned from Chamhlv, via St. Johns mid the Railroad hoc. Tho brigndo consisted of the five companion of the Royals who wore nt St. Charles, (tho remaining Company of that gallant regiment being left as hetoro ni ol. Johns) a detachment of Royal Artillery with two guns, under Capt. Glnsgow, and a party of the Cavalry under Capt. David. The detachment of the 00th which shared in the expedition to St. Charles, remains ns before in garrison at Chambly. The two Companies of the 33d undo.r Cnpt. I i r t -wbifeile, which joined the Colonel on '.TVs. day. returned with him. A detachment of the SMth Regiment, undor Lieut. Young, nrrivod yesterday from Kingston, Tho Herald publislisj tho following extract of a privato loiter, dated Cornwall, Nov. 27, 1C37: The last of tho troopa in this Province arrived hern last night on their way to Montreal, after a thrco days passage from Prcscutl ! The boatmen were Cnundiuns and detained them half n day on an Amer ican Island under tho pretence that the weather was unfavorable. The officer commanding tho detachment was not an old campaigner you may be sure. A man from Fort Covington, U. S., reports that there is a recruiting party there at present and that ono half of the inhabilant3 arc favorablo to the Canadians. It is impossi ble to judge in tho present state of excite ment, what the people in tins District will do when called on. 1 know great reliance is placed on them in Montreal and I trust they will not disappoint you. We have been permitted to make the following extract from a letter writton by a rcspcctablo merchant in Quebec to his brother in this place. It was not intended for the public oyc ; but it will nevertheless bo read with intcrcet, both for its fads, and ns an indication of the spirit of the times, Wc quote ths poatcript merely to show how busy madam rumor has been in regard lo the St. Charles affair. Qukhkc, 29th Nov. 1037. Wc aro in n most torriblo state in Canada. At present our Canadians are revolting and rising up against us on all sides ; and for want of a sufficient number of troops, we shall bo obliged to turn out, to a man, as soldiers. I think I am as well Acquainted with tho disposition of the Canadians as the moat of people, having been brought up among thctn, and I assuro you I have nover been so much disappoint ed. I could not believe that they would rise up in rcbclion against her Majesty's government. Mr. Speaker Papineau has been the cause of all this disturbance wo havo him to thank for it. Cut it i now too lato to say so. na tharo is no remedy. The only courso now is, to keep a high hand over them, if possible. Wo nre in hourly expectation of two regiments from Halifax, which aro much ueeded nt the present lime. The Canadians mnkc good soldiers, with diciplino and n bravo lender; but five hundred soldiers will thrash fifteen hundred Canadian Militia, nny day. I havo often wished myself out of tho province, hut would sooner bo shot lhan leave it under present circumstances. It shall never bo said that 1 deserted my adopted country in the hour of hor greatest need; and in addition to this consideration, my whole property is at btnku. No I shall stand my ground, and fight as long as I can handle tho musket and broads sword; and if it tdiall please the Almighty that I am to fall in the field of battle, en be it it shall be a willing sacrifice. Wo ap prehend no danger within tho walls. Next to Gibraltar Quebec ia tho strongest place in tho world. I have not timo to give you particulars, ns I am just going on fluty, but will write you soon. P. S. There has been two engagements at S' Charles, and thcro is to bo another to-day. Tho British troops killed 1200 and took 700 prisoners. It is said that Mr. Papineau will command 25000 men shortly. But oven ihat they will find will not answer. Our last stoamcrs loll this morning for winter quortors. St CiiAni.ns. A Canadian gontleman, now in this place, and who was in tho vi cinity of St. Charloa nt the timo of tho en gagement, informs ub that tho ontiro pa triot force in tho fort nt tho timo of the attack did not exceed two hundred, nnd that thoy had only 114 guns, of every de scription. IIo also asserts that t lie patri ot loss was less than fifty, and that tho actual loss of the loyalists excelled that number. Ono Canadian affirms that, from n covert position, he himself shot down six soldiorfl. Throe prisoners only, wero la ken at the fort. Wo Imvo no doubt that llio los.i on llic pQrt of thu lciyalikt wns much severer limn t nrc Wl). (o ndmjl 1( Wf) ,)Q. nicy ore willing to ntimit. It wo may Move current repurt, they carried bnck to Montreal a largo number of uniforms, which wore sadly besmeared, and some of which hnd ball holes in them. In addition lo this, the circumstance of their immedi ate return to Montreal, without any at. tempt lo arrest the "rebol leaders," or to release Lieut. Wicr, who waa then sup. posed lo bo in confinement nt St. Dennis, nnd whom it will be recollected, they had loft two pieces of artillery on a fnrmar oc. casion -all these circumstances, wo say, look to us very much ns though Col. Wcthcrall did not hold his opponents n so much contempt rs.poiiio barn suppose!. Still, we may be mistaken, Time, which tests all things, will establish tho tru li. Wo publish htjlow the proceedings of a meeting of citizens of American origin in Montreal, held in pursuance nf the roticc to which wo alluded lust wook. It w II be observed that thoy havo very proieriy omitted to declare, what thoy iutimatrd in the call that the patriot cause meets with no sympathy among the people of the Uni ted States. Such would hr.ve been ao tu tor pci version of the truth, and ngmi?n libel on the American charncter. Nineteen twentieths of the people in this country hope to see Canada free. We, ns a people, it is well known, meddle not in the affairs of our neighbors we ntir up no rebellions; but whenever the ierjuc is mntlc, whether in Greece, or Poland, or in Canada, between the people on the one hand contending for the principles of free government, and the supporters of European despotism on the other in all such cases, wo sny,tho prayer of every true hearted American must be, and is, for those who fight for freedom. The Chair was taken at tho appointed, hour by J. Fuothingium, Esq., and Edward Ciil'.nt.v, Esq. was appointed Secretary . The following resolutions wero then submit ted and passed unanimously. Moved by C. D. Day, P.3q. seconded by J. A. Perkins, Esq. 1st. Resolved That in tho present disturb- cd Mate of this Province, itin a duly imper ative upon all lovers of good order, zealously to maintain the authority of the laws and Her Majesty's Government, and to counter not by constant and earnest effort, tho designs ot the Ireasnnablo and seditious. Moved by V. Lyman, Esq. seconded Lo gan Fuller Tsq. 2J. Ilcsolvcd. That tho leaders of llic rev olutionary party have cndcavouicd lo excilo tho sympathy, and sccuro tlio support of tho United States, to thoir dcspcrnlo cntcrprizc, by comparing tlio situation of this Province to that under which tho older Colonies sought a separation from tho British Etnpiro, and have pretended to diaw a parailr!, uhiuli this meeting aa well from n. knon'tnlgu nfilm political circumstances of tho two Countries dcrivou in tho ono case from tho page of hii tory. anil in tho other from personal oliserva. lion, as from an experience of the mild and cquitablu character of thn local Government, sio enabled to dcclaro totally unfounded and porveri-ely falto. Moved by J. E. Mills, Esq. and seconded by Charles Gates, Esq, 3d. licsohul- That this meeting composed of llriltii-h subjects of American birth and origin, unpolled by tho obligations of their allegiance, and a desire toptcsorve the har mony happily subsisting with tho neighbour ing Uunitcd Stales, feel themselves called up on to prevent lo tho utmost of their power the practice ofn gross and wicked imposition upon tho citizens of that country tot lie prcju. dieo of this , and ihoy accordingly now express deliberately and solemnly, their conviction founded on long observation and experience, that no just causo for disaffection exists in this Province but on tho contrary, its Gov ernment is calculated to secure the attachment and support of every honest man; and, that the attempted revolution is to bo ascribed solely to tho false representations and trea sonable designs ofa few ambitious and un principled loaders. Moved by J.T. Barrett, Eq. seconded by Harrison Stephens, Esq., till, Resolved' That with tho opinions and feelinjis abovo expressed, wc will promptly and fearlossly stand forward in defenco of our adopted country in tho hour of need and wo now duclaro ourselves in readiness by every moans in our power, by our councils, our iu- Itucnce, nnd our physical strength, lo aid in enforcing obedience to the laws, and in resto. ring pcaeo and good order under llor Majes tys irovcrumcnt throughout loo land Moved by S. Ogdon, Esq., seconded by S. S. Ward, Esq. Jill, llctolvcd. That copies of tlio forego, ing Resolutions, togt titer tvith the requisition for Ihe mooting, bo transmitted lo New Yoik, Boston, nud Burlington, lor publication, in tho respective newspapers of thono cities. Wo mako the following extract from the Montreal Herald or Ihe 30th Nov. Tho article is addressed to Lord Gosford. for thn purpoio of producing in him prompt, ond moro decisive action. The fncts nnd tho arguments of the writer may aid our readers in coming to n correct conclusion ns to tho preprint condition of things, nnd tho prospect for the futuro. Alluding lo the Patriots, tho writer says ; Their sola resource, therefore, is to liar, ass llor Majesty's troops nnd "the English inhabitants in ill a province" by n desultory and predatory warfare, a plan, which, undor tho existing laws, may cnnblo the brigands to inflict much injury and incon venience on others with liulu datmcr or trouhlo lo themselves. They tuny cut off nn coiiimuuicntinn between Montreal and Quebec nr oven between Montreal mid nny other plnco whnlcvor; they may rob every mail of loiters nud money ; thoy may capture, insult nnd murder every individu al loyalist, who may bo fool hurdy enough to trust himself beyond tho reach of Her Majesty's guns; and they may keep this city in perpetual dread nf a thievish incur sionduiitig the whole winter by day nod by night. Such nnlicipnllous nro not. merely imaginary. They nru based on cvelits ofn similnr kind, that havo actual ly taken place. But tho prevention is ea sy. Offer n rownrd for the head of every lending traitor nud place the district of Montreal under martial law. Can your lordship doubt Ihi! infl'ienei ofn prcun inry rownrd on common creatures, whosn chlofniolive in taking up nrius nt the bid

ding of their leaders was to cheat their creditors ntul plunder their opponents; nnd, even if this wore not tho case. the fear of being betrayed would drive every ud vertised ruflin to attempt, if possible, his escape. The martial law, as your lordship is well nwnro, would enable the troops systematically to disarm cvey actual suspected rebel ; and your lordship may rest assured, that nothing but. n general disarming of the French Cnnadinns can long preserve Lower Conadn tn England. So lnrg ns the traitors have nrms nt cm mand, your lordship's "English inhabitants of this province" must feel as if encamped in n hostile country, a statenf things too grievous to bo borne, whi'o Frenchmen of nil parties, gnashing their teeth as limy now do under llic humiliating irlltction of a second conquest, would have one motive more for gonding t lie i r incredibly igno rant countrymen into rebellion. Nothing but Martial Law can prevent euch evils. At the very moment, at which wc write this, your Lordship is, if we nrc not. misin formed, in possession ofn requisition from tho magistrates ol this city to proclaim martial law a requisition, which is said In hsvn been opposed only by your Lord, sh'p's friond, Dennis Benjamin Vigor Atnthnr remedy i likely to he rcc.nmnicn dod to your Lordships, namely to call out nnd nm tho militia. In other words, trnitotn, who arc more lo be drended and infinitely more to be ecorncd thnn the cat tle stealers of St. Charles. Traitors may advise your Lordship to put arms into the hands of bitterest enemies of England Such men must havo enlarged ideas oithcr of your Lordship's stolidity or of your Lordship's patience. Of tho provincial militia there are, we nre willing to believe many, who would not turn their arms n gainst their nverrign ; hut we do not bo hove, that from Gapn to Coteau dti Lac there breath five and twenty I'Vnch-Cana-dians, who would aid by military force in putting down their rebellious compatriots. The following are the names of nil the prisoners now in gaol in this city, on charge of high treason. The thirty two last named nre the prisoners brought in to day seven of whom were tnken between bnii gueuiland Chambly, and the others at St. Chnrlos Herald. Andto Onimnt, Felix Brnnlnc, Aniab'o Simard, Pierre Lngros, Geo, D'Bciuchcrvillc, Narcisse Sabourier, Chas. A. Leblatic, Joseph Taillio. Jean Dubnc, Euscbc Burochor, Francois Tn vnrnier, Jacob Veandry, J. F. Rofsu Lionais, Joan Ble. Lcduc, Lmiis Michel Vigor. Oliver Lusjier, Narcisse Lamotte, Joseph D.iigneau, Andre Lacroix, Gedcmi Plotite, A. E. Bardy, Jnsrph Bcllemarrc, Jofcph Batigretto, Charles Martin, Dfimitnquc Lavalle, Piorre Lu-sier, Louis Monjcnii. jr. Francos Lrmm, l.'ui Monjoau, senr. Francois Bachant, Joseph MiMiurd, Frnncois Lemire, Joseph Pepin, T. Lichaquollo, Augustus Blanchcttn, Jo-jcph Fortin, Ambroiso Choquette, Constant Anlhier, Anionic Forte, Hubert Rhiiioru, Froncoi Ilebert, Louis C. Duvert, Tousaint Rouvouloir, Antoinc Barsalouo, Pierre L'HIcurcux. We publish in another column an arti from the Montreal Vindicator, Eiiggfted by an excursion in the new steam.boat "Burlington." It is understood to ho from the pen of Mr T. S, Brown, who Icador of the revolutionary movements in Canada, occupies, it must bo admitted rslher a prominent position at the present moment. It is an exceedingly well turned political article, and shows Mr Brown to bo a man of some tact with the pen, if not with the sword Much excitement has been produced on the other side of the Lake by an attempt on the part of the loyalists lo forcibly nrrcst an obnoxious individual nt n public house in Chnr.y. Tho Whig cautions her Majesty's loyal subjects to beware of Pittsburgh. i noro are various rumours alloat in ro gard to Brown's conduct at St. Charles, and his subsequent arrest by his own friends. To these, however, we attach little impor Inncc. Tr.x.vs, Accounts havo been received at N. Orleans from Texas to the 1st inst. Thu congress was in session, nnd the two Hmisch were discussing a bill for tho isbtic of Treasury drafts for the payment of tht niiblic debt. The House was in favour of the issue of three millions, tho supposed amount of tho public debt, with a pledge of tho public domain, and of tho public fnith for thoir redemption. Tho Senate was for limiting the issuo (o ono million, for fear that the issue of so large an amount would tend to depreciate their value. Mr. Do Lo Brainbo, our Chargo d'AfiVires had arrived nnd had presonlcd his credentials. Gt'.onfiiA. We learn from the corres pondent of tho Augusta Chronicla, that ox-Governor, Lumpkin has been elected Senator in Congress, from tho Stnto of Geogin, lo fill tho vacancy caused by llic resignation of Senator King. Mr. Cutli bcrt has also resigned his seat, and thrco candidates nre presonted to supply the va cancy cx.Govornor Schloy, Mr Spnuiding and Mr. Watson. Governor Gilmer has vetoed a bill, passed by both houses, ap propriating 30000 for the pay nnd subsis tence of the largo body of mounted men nuw on thoir march to Florida. His reason is that the troops havo been raised without authority from tho State, or tho United j States, tho requisition from thn latter hav 1 ing been withdrawn. It appears there fore, that. Gen. Nelson, by whom they vorc raised, was acting without orders or commission. The force consists of about liOOtncn nnd 1700 horses. A friend has just laid upon nur labia n copy of Rev. G. G. ingorsoll's nddrcss before the Literary Societies of tho Uni versity of Vermont, nt tho last nnnuni Couiinoncetiicut. Thosn who heard it nerd no invitation to n perusal; to those who wero less fortunate, it is sufficient lo say I hat the production ia every way wor thy its distinguished nuthor. It may be obtained at Hicknk's book-store. Wiicat.C Goodrich, Esq. of this town, has this vear raised from one aero and a half of pine plain land, upon which there aro forty five larc nine stumps twenty seven bushels of verv hantlsnmo wheat. The land wns not in high tilth. having been manured last yar with only n coating of straw nnd n sprinklinc ofre- fu-c lime. It is hut. lately that, our plains hnvo been considered valuable for eultivn lion, and the idea of raising wheal upon them, Ims been entertained hv few indeed. But mch results np this go for to establish. what wo believe lo be tho fact, thai, with proper management, many of our plains are the nioit valuable lands wo have. From llic Montreal Vindicator of Oct. 24, 1837. Sin,---Should you ever he inclined lo censure the Hebrew, who, in addressing a portion of Iih fcllow-mni, said, "Yo nro Gnds," I should nil vise you to spend one day south of the line 'I'm, when, though yon may considrr thn complinmnt rather super Intivp, you will bo compelled to admit that Froemen, when compared to ColoniMs. merit n tpignation equally distinctive. Arcppling a gpucral invitation from lb spiritrtl proprietors of the Lake Charnploin i rnrnesi Iv watching every o"peninT of the Strum Boat Lino, to witness llm first trip valves. " Wns this adroit mechanic a dis of their now boat, the "Burlington," I ciplc of James Watts, imported from found mvndf.in company with about twentv of our citizens on Tuesday evening, at the beautiful town Irom which the vcsssel take. her nnmo. Tim "Burlington" had already proceeded to Whitehall, preparatory to making a trip directly through the Lake on Wednesday, nnd as she was not expect ed to return before ten o'clock in the morn ing, wc had time to visit the factories in operation upon Onion River, and the prep nrations for moro extensive works. A sight of the Winnoski C'-mnnny's manufoc torv for I ndue lilocks, would be n recom pense for the whole trip to tec. a piece nf rough ash shaped, tinned, burnt! and tnor- iced, in a frw vennd, by mcr machine ry, into n beautifully formed pulley ; n top- pail halvard block, not to hoist the sail ofn petty river cialt, but to be carried three hundred miles to the ocean, and then grocc the lofty oust of a gallant ship, which per haps in n lew months will display it upon the const of China, and thoro nmidst llm assembled fleets of nations, defy thetn all to show n block moro fairly turned, nr more handsomely proportioned, than man. ulaclurcd by the Green Mountain Boy, who perhaps never saw a ship. The now bunt having left Whitehall about live on thi morning of Wcdneiday, arrived at Burlington a few minutes after ton, wlmn nnr party embarked, accompa nied by srveral gpotlemen of the p'ace We found Captain R. W. Sherman, the first. Stenmbnal Captain of our, or of nnv other day, a hanpy man, proud of his craft, that had performed beyond his expecta-ions, ond gratified with the hoarty congratula tions of his friends. The Burlington is a most perfect model of "Steamer" architecture, 190 feet long, strengthened by a wooden arch, nbovo which is a wooden frame bracing, similar to that of North River Boats, 25 tect beam, depth of hole feet, drawing -1$ feet wa ter, (nil nn hoard,) 51 feet outside tho guards, paddlo wheels 2 1 feet high) figure bead a full length femile, or rather "Lady" figure; G 'titleinen'rf Cabin below contain 120 berth", well lighted ; Ladies' Cabin nn drck 20 berths; Promenade deck, support ed by slender oak pillars, runs the whole length except a short break running aero? between the forward gangways. The muu deck is superior to any thing I ever saw afloat; block cornice all round, pair nellcd doors, plated handler, with Pilasters nnd Doric capitals; carved saslies, am about tho quarter deck, t ho pannels arc all finibhed with rich carved moulding; stair cases and bar mahogany. Every thing connected with the upper works is made as light ns can be, consistent with necessary strength, and all throughout paintPil while. The engine wns made by Messrs. W.snn, of this city, 40 inch cylinder, 10 feet stroke. Shafts of wrought iron mado in Glasgow, and boilors tiut'lo in Philadelphia, of Amer ican plates. EnHro est of tho B.iat nenr 70 000. nnd ns a perfct epecunen of all tho arts employed in her construction, she docs honor to Lake Chainplaiu on which she floats, ar.d lo her liberal proprietors, who to gratify their customers, have spared no ex. penso in adding tasteful decorations to strength and speed. In short hc is just such n beat as Capt. Sherman should command, which is saying enough for her. Wo left Burlington u In lie after len with n high wind, and rough sea rolling, which prevented the engine from doing its best ; but wo nevertheless reached St. Johns, 75 miles, in four hour and n half. In tho rough water the Btenm gage ttood nt 10 inches, and the ciiginu performed 21 rovn lotions in n minute, but us wo proceeded, Ihe steam rose lo 21 inchos, and twenty four revolutions woro performed. The whole distance from Wuitehnllto St, Johns was run in Oh. 33 in., or, including the stop at Burlington, nine hours and three quar tors. The boat returns to-day to harbour, to ho finished, and will not bu put upon the lino until next spring. May wo nut call these people "Gods?" Men "living in little villages, along the shore of an inland lake, who cannot content themselves with tho "great enterprise" of constructing a furry boat after obtaining tho prnycru of tho church, but who must presumptuously build a steam boat to corn- l"'o with llic most magnificent structure Html iri.nutollin wnuna I Mnl. I .1 ir.-i v..u. .u ...... ..... ks . uiii.ii ia inu i-UBCt of Democratic "Town nicotines." tho "primary schools" of Liberty, which do- velopo intelligence ; which weigh men in a balance, nnd discarding those who nro found wnniing, toward tho men of full sound weight; which excite emulation, nnil create n field for capac.ly, and leach the people who aro the men they should delight to lienor, ino wonder mat tiie possession nf properly carries with it respect, and Hint property i itsnll respected, in n De mocracy: for ns nil are equal in the rnco of life; as few havo tho previous advan tage of hereditary wonlth; and as none grow rich by basely intriguing with a demoralizing government, property must Im external evidence of capacity nnd uso full talents in the possessor. "Wlulo tho bondsman of Europe rcirards property ns public patrimony, which by favoritism, exclusive privilege.'), and nncquil legisla tion, ha become coiiei'iitrated in the hands of n lew to enable them to oppress the many, he looks upon its very existence as an evil, nnd fceU little interest in its pro tection: but the American, beholding in the attainment of wealth the simple "rec ompense of superior industry, sobriety and prudence, rijoiecs in llm augmentation of that which cannot bo enjoyed without dif fusing gcimral Imnefit to tho community; and therefore, though ho may envy the good fortune of the possessor, he questions not. ins rignt ot posscsfinn. AiM'Uior initio which exhibits ths ad vantages of an early apprenticeship to general affiirs, is that, versatility which enable an American to apply hja" talents to any business -or profession. When I enquired, on board the boat, who had been the matcr.buildcr of such a finished model, I was directed to a reserved, well-dressed' man, standing near the bows, intent upon her progrp.. Was he born in n dock yard .' had he enjoyed a Government sine cure for twenty years? or had he escaped from a New York ship yard; No; he was a farmer. When I inquired from whence were procured tho brass cased be laying pins, ond vanou? ornaments upon '.hp engine and railings, thpy pointed out, as the manufacturer, tho Engineer, sitting Europe or had iio parsed a life of study, with masters renowned in scioce ? No; he waB a jciincr. It wns intended that wc should arrive at the Exchange Coffee House before the dinner hour, five o'clock, that, those who had breakfasted at Whitehall might dine in Montreal, and thu American Gentleman nt this ond of the Rail Rond left nrcnara lions for briging us from St. Johns in ao hour and a quarter, but in his abscencethe order wai countermanded, and wc were delianed about forty minutes in the rain ol the end nf the Laprairic pier, to tuach out friends from the S'atcs that a whole day of felicilv is too great a privilege for a subject (how much the word sounds, nnd really is like, abject they arc citizens, subject to none,! and that they had arrived in n coun try where authority only seems to exist to mar and dissipate the happiness and pleas ure of the people. Instead of benefits falling from otr Guvonifnt'llt lifcn tlio hmin tiful dews of heaven unseen nnd unfelt, we see it only in Us empty parade wo feel it only in its desolating action. B. Montreal, 1 9th Oct., 1037. Death or Hon- Bunj. Watkins Lmcui, We arc sorry to say that letters announce tho decease of this dintinguished citizen of Virginia. IIo died at his house in Rich mond, on the morning of December 1st. Journal nf Commerce. Gai.ka.nd Loss or r.irn, On the 23d tilt, there was tromendou jralc nt Buffalo. We extract the loilowing from a letter : Burr.u.o, Thursday morn. 23d Nov. 37. Have just returned to my office after witnessing a scries of most appalling scenes and furl myself o much agitated that I can scarcely wnte coherently. Another fear ful gale last night swept down tho lake ov er our harbor and city, beating destruction on itn wing' and death in its nostnls. Tho storm commenced at dark nnd raged till midnight. From the light house cast lo the foot of Main street, including both sides of the. creek, the ruin is dreadful docks upturned and floa'ed away water craft of all dimensions, from tho yawl to the large steamboat and siitp all jammed in on the north side of tlio creek, all some injur ed, and many of theni destroyed' But most horrid of all from the slender neck of land which you recollect runs between tho lake and crock to tho light house, six toncmcnts woro entirely swept away, two others over thrown, and all supposed to havo been oc cupied. Where or hoxo the wretched oc cupants arc none can tell ! but probably carried by the rushing of iho subsiding wn. tors down tho creek into llm broad Ningrn. Tho frightful effects of the storm wero most severely felt, too, nlong tho river, as for down n opposite the church. In ono instance a family of ten in that direction, was overwhelmed, and how many escaped, is not yet known. In another, just after a father and mother precipitately lied from their house, leaving their two children, as they hoped for a moment, Iho house was dashed into n thousand pieces, and the re mains of the little ones, for deadlhcy must be, hnvo not yet been found, nnd tho moth, or horself nltcrwnrds perished on one of the bridges to which f!ic had escaped as a place of safety. Her body, with thoso of four other unforltiiiates, two children, a black woman, and n Dutch youth, I havo just seen at tho watch house a dreadful, fearful sight ! And tho coroner and sex ton tell in e , that as nearly as they can es timate, there must have been at least twelve or fifteen other lives lost thoso lost, ns well as ihe surviving families wero chiefly laborers, nnd where life has been spared, the little that they had gathered for tho winter U nil gone. May their groans ho heard nnd their wants feelingly regarded!, I hope, nnd doubt not, hut that our citizens will come forward imme diately and with alacrity, to soothe tho deep woes of tho bereaved and minis tor to tho necessities of iho wretched and the dcstiiuto ! Tlio 'blow' is unexampled lor tho sudden power with which it camo upon us. nnd the water was heaped up ten inches higher than in the memorable galo of '35.