Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, December 15, 1837, Page 2

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated December 15, 1837 Page 2
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'ho compact from which il presents to the Indian Iribes. Mnny of ymi will limit; to llio consideration of the -subject the mlvnn tngos of local kunwl-dgo nml cri'nli'r ex pcriencc, nml nil will lit; desirous ol 1 11 n k i tr nn cnrly mill Ilnnl iliip(iitin of every 1 1 h t urtjintr question in regard In ibis important interest. If there sniiLf't ioiirf shn'l in nnv degree contribute In the nccontnlishuiont. of so inipiirlnnt n rcfull, it will nflord too sin cere! intisfnctmn. In sonic unctions of the country, most of the public lands linvo bron sold, nml llic registers nml receivers Imvo very lntli: In do. It is n subject worthy of Inquiry whrtlicr, iii many cases, two nr uioro dis tricts mnv not ho consolidated, nml ihc number of persons employed in this busi ness considerably reduced. Indeed, llic time will come wlun it will be the true policy of the Gcnornl Government, ns to pome of l bo States, to transfer to ihoin, for n ronsnnablo equivalent, nil the refused nml unfold lands, nml to withdraw the tnaclih'i'ery of the fedornl land ofliccs nlto aether. All who tnko n comprehensive view of our federal system, nml behove that one of itf greatest excellencies consists in interfering ns little ns possible with the iuternnl concerns of the Sinter. l"ok for ward with great intcro-l to this result. A modification of the existing laws in respecttol.be price? of the public lnnds, might nlso have n favorable influence on the legislation of Congress, in relation to nno-thcr brancli of Hid subject. Many who bnvc not the ability to buy nt present prices, settle on thn-o lands, with I lie hope of acquiring from their cult iv.it inn the means of purchasing under pre-emption laws, from tinio to time passed by Con nrofs. For this encroaehmont "on the rights of the United States, they oxcuse themselves under the plea of their own necessities; the fnct that the v disiossess nobody, and only enter upon the waste domain; that thev give additional value to the pubic lands in their vicinity, and their intention ultimately to pay the Government price. So much weight has from time to time been attached to these consideration--, that Congress have pa-3ed laws giving nctual settlors on the public lands a right of preemption to the tracts orenpied by them nt llic minium price These Inws have in nil instances been retrospective in their operation ; but inn few years nfier their parage, crowds of sci tiers linvo been found on the public InmK for similar rea sons, and under like expectation, who have been indulged with the same privileges. f. " Entertaining these views, I recommend the passage of a pre-emption law for their benefit, in connection with the preparatory steps towards the graduation of ihe price of the public land--, and further n ud more effectual provisions to prevent intrusions hereafter. Indulgence to those who have settled on these lands with expectations that past legislation would bo made a rule for the future, and at the same time remo ving the mo-t plausible ground on which intrusions nro excused, mid adopting more efficient means to prevent them hereafter, nppcar to me the innt judicious disposition which can be made oft hi difficult subject The limitation and restrictions to guard against abuses in the execution of n pre omp'ion law, will necessarily attract the careful attention of Congress, hut undei no circiimsinncrs is it considered expedient lo authorize floating claims in nnv shape. Thoy have been lirroioforo, and doubtless would be hereafter, most prolific sources of fraud and oppro-smn. and instead of opera ting to confer the favor of the Government on industrious setllers, are ofien used only to minister ton spirit of eupidit , at the ex pense of the most meritorious of-that clas-. The aeconipnnving report of Ihe Score tary of War will bring in your view the stale of the Army, and all the variius sub. jects confided to the supcrinlendnnco of Hint otticer. The principal ;nri of the Army has been concentrated in Florida, with a view, nod in the expectation, of bringing the war in hat Territory to a speedy close. The no cessity of stripping the pots on the mar itime and inland frnnlinrs of their entire garrison", for the mrpno of assembling in the field nn army of loss than four thousand men. would seem to indicate the necessity t8T increasing our regular forces, and the superior efficiency, as well ns greatly di minished expense of that description of troops, recommend this measure ns one of economy ns well n of expediency, I refer In the report for the reasons which have induced the Secretary of War to urge the reorganization and enlargement nf the staff oftho Army, and the ordnance corps, in which I fully concur. " .1! Tiicsystcm of removing the Indians west of the Mississippi, commenced by Mr. Jefferson in 100 1, has been steadily perse vored in by every succeeding President, nml may be considered Ihc settled policy of the country. Unconnected at first with any well defined system for their improve ment, the inducements held out to the In. dians were confined to thn greater nhuii dnnco of game to ho found in the West; but when the beneficial effect of their re moval wero npparcnt, n more pbilanthron ic and enlight honed policy wa adopted, in purchasing their lands east of the Mis fissippi. Liberal prices wore given, nud provisions inserted in all the treaties willi them, for the application of the funds thoy received in exchange, to such pur poses ns wero hot calculated lo prnmn'c their present welfare, and advance their future civilization. Thctn measures have been attended thus, far with the happiest results. It will be seen, by referring to the report of the Commissioners of Indian Affairs, thnt the mopt sanguine expectations of (ho friends and promoters of this system have beon realized. The Chnctnwa, Chornkees nnd other tribes ihiit first emigrated beyond bo Mississippi, have, for the most part, abandoned the humor stale, nnd become cultivators of the soil. Tho improvement in their condition has been rapid, nnd it is believed thnt they nre now fitted to enjoy tho advantages of a simple form of govern ment, which has been nibnullod to them and received their sanction, and I cannot loo Btrntigly urge this subject upon tho at tention of Congress. Stipulations have been made with all tho Indian tribes to remove litem beyond tho Misaieiippi, cxcopLwilh the band of the, Wyaiidotlo, tho sijrNa'ions in New York, l lie Meiiomonees, Mnndans, mid Stock bridges iu Wineonsln, nud Miamies in Indiana. Willi nil bnl llin Monoiuonecs, it is expected Mint arrangements fir l hell ctntginti-n will be completed the preset! year The resistance- which lias been ope posed to their removal bv some of the i'lhes, even nl'ter tronlies had been inadr with them In that officer, has arisen from various causes, uncrating differently on each of ihein. In most instauccH thoy have bieti instigated lo resistance bv per sons lo whom Hie irado with ilicm nnd the acquisition of l heir tinnuilies were impor taut: nnd in some by thu personal influence ot interested duels. These obstacles, must bo overcome; for tho Government en ii not. relinquish i he execution of this policy without sacrificing important inter ests, ami aliening the tribes remaining cabt of the Mississippi to certain destruction. The decrease in numbers of tho tribes within the limits of the states and territo ries, has beon most rapid. If they ho re moved, t hey can be protected from those associations and evil practices which exert so pernicious nnd destructive nn inflnence over their destinies. They can bo induced to labor, and to acquire proporly, nnd its acquisition will inspire thorn with n leel ing of independence. Their minds can ho cultivated, and thev can be tniight the valtio of salutary nnd uniform laws, and he made sensible of tiro blessings of free government, nnd capable of enjoying its advantages. In the possession of property knowledge, nnd n good government, free in give what direction they please to their labor, anil shares in the legislation by which their persons and the properly of their induMrv arc to be protected and so cured they will linvo an c.-'or present con viclion of the importance ofutiinn, of peace among themselves, and ot the preservation of amicable relations with us. I ho inter cbIs of the United States would also bo greatly promoted by freeing tho relations between the (jetiural anil htate (mvern mcnls from what has proved a most einhar ra'sing incumberanco, by a satisfactory adjustment of conflicting titles In land caused bv tho occupation of the Indian and bv causing tho re-oiirces oflho whole country In be developed by the poiver of the Slate and General Governments, and imp'ovod by thu enterprise of a white population. Intimately connected with this subject is the obligainii oftho Government lo ful fil it treaty stipulations, nnd to protect the Indinns i bus assembled "'at their new resiliences from nil interruptions and dis. tiubanccs from any other tribes or nntions of Indians, or Irnm any other persons what soever." nnd the equally solemn obligation to guard Irnm Indian hostility lis own bnr tier t-cttleincnts. stretching nlnug a line of more than one thousand miles. , To enable tho government to redeem this pledge to the Indians, nnd In afford ndcqun'e protec tinn lo its own citizens, will require i):( continual presence of a considerable regu lar force on the frontiers, and the cstnb lishmont of a claim of permanent posts. bxatninatinn ol the country are now mak ing, tri'b n view lo decide on the most suitable points for the erection of fortresses and oilier works of defence, the results of which will be presented to you by the Secretary of War, nt nn early dnv, togeth er with a plan for tho efT-oiual protection of friendly Indians, and the permanent de fence oftho frontier .Stairs. 15 y the report of thn Secretary of tho Navy, herewith communicated, it appear? that unremitted exertions have been made a' the different navy yard lo carry into elToct all nu'hilrisod measures for the ox. tension and employment of our naval force. The launching nnd preparation of tho sliio of the line Ohio, Delaware, nnd Columbus maybe not iced as forming n resoect-iblc addition to this imnortant nrm of our un liounl defence. On' commerce nnd navi gation have received increased nid nud protection during the present year. Our squadrons in the Pacific and on the Ii azd ian Motion have been much increased, nnd that in the Mediterranean, although email, is adequate lo I he common wants of our commerce in ibat sen. Additions have been made lonur fqadron on tho West India station, where the largo force under (Jimmoilnrp Dallas has been most actively nnd efficiently employed in protecting our commerce, in preventing tho importation of slave, nnd in co operating with officers of the Army in carrying on the war in Florida. The satisfactory condition of our naval force abroad leave at our disposal the means of conveniently providing for a home sqindrnirfor the protection of com uierce upon our extensive const. The amount of appropriations required fur sue a t-qundrnn will be found in Ihe general estimates for the naval service for the year I no naval oincers engageu upon mtr ooist survey have rendered important ser vice In our navigation. Thn discovery of a now channel mm the harbor of New York, through which our largest ships may pass without danger, must afford iin pnrtant co-ninercb) ndvnn'ngrs lo (bat harbor, nnd add greatly lo its value aa n nival elation. The accurate survey of Georgo'.--shonl'i ofi'iho coast of Massachu setts. Int oly completed, will render com pnratively safe a navigation hitherto con sidered dangerous. Considerable ndditmus have been made lo tho number of captains, commanders, lienicnanls, surgeons, nnd assistant sur genus in the Navy. These additions wore rendered noccssnrv by the increased mi tuber of vessels put in commission lo answer tho cxigenceis of our growing cnmniorce. lour attention is respectfully invited to the various suggestions of llio Secretary, for tho improvement of I lie naval service. Thn report oftho Postmaster General exhibits tho progres and condition of the mail service, Tho opperaliona of the Post Office Department constitute one of llio most active elements ol our iialiunnl propperily, and it is gratifying lo observe with what vigor thoy are conducted. The mail rou'os oftho United Slates cov or an extent of about ono hundred and for ty two thousand eight hundred and seven ty seven miles, having been increased about thirty sovrn thousand ono hundred and ihrco miles, within lliu last two years. Tho annual mail transportation on ilmce routes is. about thirty-six millions two hundred nud twenty eight thousand nine hundred and sixty-two miles, having been J increased about ten millions two hundred I Wo followed tho retreat; but tho fa nnd fifty tunc thousand four hundred and tigucss of thu day, added to scarcity of seventy six miles within the same period. The number of post officers hat also been increased from ten thousand fovoii hundred and seventy lo twelve thousand and ninety nine, very few of winch receive Ihe mails less than unco u week, nnd a large portion of them daily. Contractors anil postmasters in general arc represented ns attending (o their duties with must com meiidablo zeal and fidelity. The revenue of the Department, within tho year ending on the thirtieth Juno last was foiir milli hib ono hundred and thirty seven thousand nnd fifty six dollars nud fifty nine cents and its liabilities accruing wti'hin the same timo were three millions three hundred and eighty thousand eight hundred and forty ecvon dolhrs ami seven ty five cents. The increase of revenue over that of the preceding year was seven hundred and eight llinu-and ono hundred and sixty six dollars and fm ty cue cents. For many interesting dcails I refer you lo the report of tho Postmaster General, with the accompanying paper. Your par ticular attention is mvied to the necessity ot providing a mere sale and 'convenient building for the nccnnitnodation of that de partment. Ri'.MAisnnn nixt Vi:ek Appearances now warrant tho belief thnt thu Canada war is at an end for the present. Wo have pood reason for belie ving thnt there is at tho present moment no embodied aimed force in the Lower Province in opposition to the government. During tho past week tho troops have passed through the disturbed district with out opposition, visiting Si. Denis, Saint Charles nnd St. lliacinth, burning the property of Nelson and other obnoxious individuals. Tho gathering nt Lake of Two Mountains it is also soid has disper sed. Tho proclamation of martial law in tho district of Montreal, and tho ofl'cr of largo rewards for the arrest of Ihc leading patriots has il riven a large number across the lino into the Stales. Amorg others, Mr. T. S. Brown arrived at this place on Monday. It is now rendered very certain that the Into movement iu Canada was an event not anticipated by the leading radi cals, and, of course, not provided for. There seems to havo been no concert among the head men, and nothing of that kind of preparation necessary to sustain and carry on a revolutionary movement. -Mr. Papincau, as we now learn, has been in no wny cngnizmt of what baa taken p'ace at St. Dennis and St. Charles; nud up to the present time, bis location is not known. Tho following letter from an individual concerned in the engagement at St. Denis gives n more detailed account of that nf fair than wc have before seen. As lo it authenticity, nc can uulj soy, that, il addition to tho character of the writer wc hive the authority of Mr. Urown saying that the. statement is snb-laniially correct The St. Charles affair, it will bo observed, is given with less particularity. St. Dknis, 24Mi Nov, 1 037. On Wednesday evening Q2d insl. n dn tarliuient left Montreal for Sorel, under command of Col. Gore, D. Q,. M. anil Col Hughes oftho 04th. for the purpose of ro vnging liio parishes nlong the Richelieu It was compiled of one light company of the 3.'d nnd two light companies of llic '.'4 h, with 30 cavalry, with a brass fioid piece. The party was joined at Sorel, by two companies of 'he GOih regiment, by which it was augmented to 400 strong, nnd commenced the march upon Si D mis ai 10 o'clock the same evening. I v a forced march on ihe moiling reached this post, at about 9 o'clock on tho morning of the 03d, so suddenly that we had merely tune lo cut down the bridges below Ihe viilage and col ect for our defence the men iu this inline, duitn neighborhood. Wc mustered but 50 efi'.'ctivc guns. The remainder nf our force was composed nf men armed with forks, and n few with iudill'ircnt family pn.ee-', out of order Doct. W. Nelson command od, nssistcd by the militia olliccrs. We

collected our men mostly iu ihe upper part oftho largo stone house of Madame St. Germain, nt the lower end of the village. The leading division of tho enemy. composed of Capt. Markhani's company of the x.-i regiment, commenced tho attack about 0 o'clock, A. M. supported by iho field piece, placed at u30 yards from fit. Gernriin's bouse, upon which it opened n well directed fire, the balls raking coin pletely through tho upper story, but below they wore resii-ted 13 the thickness of iho wall. Tho troops nt tlio same time do. ployed into the held lo ou'lunl; us 011 Unit sine, nun atioiupteu 10 nuvance upon 1110 village by nriving up Iho river under cover of the bank. About forty mon -bclloreil I tiiciiiseives iieiiitui a darn at 7U yarns on lliorigiii. wiiiio another party revered uy houses nnd n pile of wood nppronched to within thirty yards, from which thoy open-; ed a rapid but inefiuctual lire, nt tho same time they sought to surround our advanced position by creeping nlong the beach, where they wero checked by a few of our braves placed in tho upper part of a 1 i s t i I -lery twenly-five yards in rear. Our num bers not permitting us in sally from our position, wo could firo with effect when the troops attempted a movement. Noth ing could exceed tho calmness with which our bravo Canadians patiently stood their ground waiting an opportunity to use their arms, though exposed lo 11 heavy firo of 1 musi-ctry ami 11 constant uiscnnrgu irom Ihe field piece, which throw tho debris of houses in every direct 1011 about Ilium. We maintained our first position through out iho day, without being dnvou back one inch. Our camion being ill mounted was not used. The firing continued until between threo and four P. M. when thu enemy retired in a most disorderly manner, throwing their dead into the river, by which wc uju ignorant of their loss. , cartridges fined to the caliber of our gutw, prevented our doing bo much execution ns wo could hnvo wished. Wo succeeded, however, iu capturuiL' tho field niece nt two miles below tho village, together with a largo quoiiliiy o ammunition loO can. non bulla, several kegs of cartridges, a number of muskets, nud the surgeon's case of instruments. Our loss is fi killed, nnd 0 woundedof whom five nre dangerously. Of tho enemy we. make five prisoners, four wounded nnd ono frostbitten; to whom every ntlontion that humanity can demand, litis uccn paid. ST. CHARLES. On Saturday, thu 10th Nov. Mr. Rrown having arrived nt St. Charles, possession was taken oftho nroncrtv of Mr. Dcbarlzh and thu Store of Spink, and preparations mm iiiu oiure 01 op UK. a uu prepnrauons . . .,,, ,, ;, mi, r wero made for maki . a fortified camp IR" 0!) nltnck upon tho city. J he Cover During, ho following days, perst.ns Von. I '" 1,rav,! 7'"mV '"I vnrio.r8 adjoining parishes came forward .0 nccn,' ,,H "J"'0 "r's at the head .,J. " .' . . . r,r vn inon. T he s roe s nre 1 e i' barr . express their readiness to ioin in any men sure for rising to assert the liberties of tho country; nnd such preparations were made for defence as llio cireuin-tnnces of the case permitted. On Wednesday we learned that preparations wero making for an attnek from Clinmbly and another from Sorel. On Thursday wo hoard of the glo nous victory nt St. Denis. On tho after noon of the same day. wo learned Ibat the ,,. i,.i ac.,a.,a f.,.. n .i.t,. ,,.! wore stationed tit St. H.laire, two and a vo. On Friday wo station- gtho road as far as Mo1 half leagues nbovo r,t ;,.,,. i., , aux Cerf, with orders to cut the brigos and dispute tho ground in event of tho troops descending. In thu night all the pickets ran back lo the camp with the news that the enemy was coming down. It appeared however next morning that thoy had only made a short march and then returned lo quarters. On Monday the men in tho fort were counted over, when 117 guns in va rious conditions, were all that were found; there were also about forty on the picket above, nnd wo estimated Hint with those in the village, we could muster near 250 guns. About noon wc beard that tlio enemy was in march, and Ihe picket was seen descending rapidly. Tho picket was finally rallied, but could not bo made to make head against the enemy, who wero coming down at quick tune, about 450 strong, with 0 small party of Cavalry and a piece of artillery, under command ol Lol. v oilier all and'major Ward. For the purpose of creatinrr alarm, thev set fire to severa barns and houses. A iircat number of unarmed men were running down I lie field, which inuuh alarmed Ihosn in the fort, who did not number more than eighty men. Of the two cannons planted near the road only ono was discharged, the other missing fire. The enemy divided ot a nuiuireu van s from the tort, right and lelt. ap proaching the camp on I bo right hide of lln road, 11 y lue intini; lacing me noun. Our men secni'i defence useless, retired after discharging a few volleys which told remarkably well. Our loss, in killed and severely wounded 42. Enemy's loss very lare-c. but could not be ascertained, ns they burned their dead, and recovered their wounded. From the Quclieo Official O.izeiio Kxlra MARTIAL LAW. Province of Lower Canada GOSFORD. I5y Ills FiVeolloiicy tho Right Honorable Archibald, Karl of Gosi'ord, Rnrnn War linghnm of R eclos, in the County of Snll'ol!,, Captain General nnd Governor in Chief in nnd over iho Provinces ol Upper nnd Lower Canada, Vice Ad miral nf the fame, nnd 0110 of Her Majesty's Most Honorable Privy Cuun cil, &e' &c. Sic. A PROCLAMATION. "OTI1ERBAS there exists iu '.lie Dis V met of Montreal a traitorous con spiracy by a iiumb r of persons falsely styling themselves IV riots, for the miIj version of tho Authority of Her MnjMy, nnd the de.-i met Pn of the established Const u 111 ion nnd Government of the said Province; And whereas the said traitorous conspiracy hath broken out into ac'sof the most daring and open Rebellion, And whereas the said Rebellion bath very con siderably extended itself, in-omuch thai large liodics of Armed Traitors have open ly nrraved themselves, ond hnvo made nud do make attacks upon her Mnjesly's For. cos, nud have committed Iho most horrid excesses nnd cruelties ; And wbornis in tho parts of the said Districts in which the said conspiracy hnih not as yet broken out inlo open Rebellion, largo nunibors of such persons so calling themselves Patriots for the execution of such llieir wicked designs, haynil.i nned means of open vio lenco, and formed public arrangements for raising nnd arming mi organized and disci pliucd Force, and in furtherance of llieir purposes have frequently assembled iu groat and nun-ouil numbers; And whoron.-. thcoxertioiisofiho Civil power are incfP'e tnal for the suppress on of ihe nforesaid traitorous nnd wicked com-pirucy uud Rebelion, and for Iho protection of the Ijves and propetties ol Her Majotty's loal sulnects; And wiioroas llio Uouris ol .los tico in tho saiil Dinlrict of Moiitrenl have virtually ceased, from iho impur-sibilily of excuting any legal process or warrant ol arrest therein. Now, therefore, I, Anciiin.w.ii, Haiu ok Gosronn, Governor 111 chief, and Can tain General in nud over tho said Province of Lower Canada, by ond with the advice and consent of Her Majesty's Executive Ivouncil lor tli" Province, havo issued or dors to Lieutenant General Sir John Col borne, commanding Her Mnjefty's Forces in the said Province, and olhor Officers of Her Mnjesly's Forces in Iho snino, lo nr rest mid punish nil persons acting, aiding, or 111 any inaniior nhsistiug ill llio said Con spiracy and Rebellion which now exist within thu said District of Montreal, and which havo broken out in thu most daring nud violent nitacki upon Her Majesiy'h Forces, according to MARTIAL LAW, either by DEATH, or otherwise, as lo tlioui shall seem right and expedient fur tho punishment and Mippressiun of all Re bels, jn iho said District; of which all Her Majesty's subjects iu this Province nro hereby required to laku notice. Dy His Excellency's Command, 1). DALY. Secretary 0 the Province. REVOLUTIONARY M OVUM UN I' IN UPPHR CANADA. The following important information, is derived from tho Toronto Christian Guar dian of thcCtb inst. Wo republish it from tho Montrcnl Herald, extra, of Monday. Ti;r.i).v M011MNG. Dec 5. ri:m:llion in tiir iiomi: district; toronto in arms!! While writing the foregoing article little did we lliink ibat it would be our painful duty to statu that Mackenzie's measures wore so far ripened into revolution as to lead already lo armed opposition to, the constituted authorities. Tins is Tirn tact. An armed force is collected on Yongc Street, and is threaten of loyal men. The M reels are being barri cade'd. The garrison and the unirkrt buil dings nre plnced iu the beat pivublu state of llefencc that Iho short notice would ad mit. Unless Divine Providence interferes, much blood will be shed. Canndian of every class ! Canadian Rr. rouMr.ns ! Arn you prepared to ched tho blood ol your countrymen? Can any thing Mackenzie can oitoryou compen-mo lor 11.0 ! sunt you must, incur if vou mini under his revolutionary banner. nml thlvgcfjourrutl M fitldmlh blood? hot Gods sake P"e ' , d,nv" ,l,c. P'Pnjf,n" ,,f j discord ! Lift up your voices 111 prayer, nnd exert nil your energies, to save your firesides and families front tho untold 1 10 r rors of civil war. Tho Royal Standard of Britain yet wavcstmiinphaully, nud invites the loyal and the good lo unite in its tie fence, and still avail themselves of its imo.. taction against aggros-inn Tuesday, G in m. The rebel force, with McKenzio nt their brad, nro encamped on Gallows Hill, about a mile and a half from the Cily. An attack is threatened to night. Miy heaven avert it. Hundreds of the assailants must perish before the city can be carried. Among the armed loyalists wo recognise the Chief Justice. Judges Jones and M'Loan, tho Vice Chnncellor, and a largo portion of the most respectable inhabitants of the place. The strength of the rebels is variously reported from GOO to 1,500. About 1000 men are already well armed iu the city, with some artillery. Wednesday Morning, a o clock. Through the Divine mercy no distur banco has taken place in the city during the night. '1 he rebels havo la leu back from Gallows 1 1 ill, (perhaps there were some unpleasant associations connected with the name.) and have taken up their position we understand, about three miles from the cily. A reinforcement of about 70 loyalists arrived lat night from Hamil ton, under Col. Allan Mac Nab, and nbout the same number from Scarborough. Con slant accessions arc coming it,, and wr understand il is intended to inarch out to day, and give battle to the insurgents. From tile enthusiasm displayed by the loy alists, nnd llic ndvantago they posnt-ii by having field-pieces under I heir command nnd tho ju-lico of their cause, there is In lie (Inutn of success. In addition to uir hurried remarks ol yesterday, we subjoin the following par ticulars, Ihc correctness of which, wu be lieve, may ho relied on -. On Monday night, Mr. Archibald Mc notion ami .Mr. Alderman i'oweil roti - 11 x oung street to noonnoi'ro the posi'itn of the rebels. A lutle beyond Iho to' gate, they were intercepted and s" ze, by Mr. Mackenzie and three other mrn, who declared them prisoners AUIvman Pnwil drew a pistol, and presenting 11 within u few inches of Mackenzie' face, 11 thshed and missed firo. He was then pulled from his horse, and as another of lliu parly as leveling his rifle at him, Mr P. d ew hi other pi-tol, shot bun through the head, and made good his retreat. Mr. MtD .vas taken, nnd remains n prisoner, wi'h one or two others who fe I into ineir hands yesterday. Colonel Moody, a veteran (fiioer, who had retired on half pay, having ro ceivcd intelligence of the coiirrni,ilnii descent upon the ci'y. left his n me 11 bring information 10 iho gnvi'Mnm 1 I. O his way ho was intercepted by u party ol men and killed. Ono ofour ct'iz""--, Mr. S- Brookes, who was in company won him bud a narrow escape; but being 011 a lleoi itorso, succeded in reaching llio ci'v. Yo.-tcrday the dwelling house of Dr IJornc was burned to ashes, and. severa others plundered. La't night, about eight o'clock, a p'qorl guard of 3-2 men, under StieritV Jarvts. wa suddenly attacked by a large party of rill men, who opened upon them a stn'nrt (it Iml happily without 1 fleet. It was uns-IcK ro'iirned by tho little lmiil with m ir fatal precision. One of lb" a-sai'ar's was left dead and it is said that two oilier were cat tied off bv iho in-iirgeiii nnr tally wounded. Yo-terday mnrnig His ExBoHencv hu nianulj reque-iod l)r. Rolph and li.'duin to visit tho head quarters oflho rebels, nml ' lo urge them 111 tho name of humanity lul desist from their wicked dcfgne, anil to return peaceably to llieir faniih. s, an I iluis prevent the ollus'inn ol blood. We under si it ml that the appeal ot His Excellency was touching nnd eloquent; hut it was iii vaie. .Mackenzie who has now ventured his all, dictated toims which no Governor1 could assent to without forfeiting Ins honor ami ins Head, Tho rollowinr slip from the office of the I Lowistou N.Y. Telegraph, contains a fewj facts not staled in ihe above. Lewiston.it will bo recollected is on tho Niagara rivo, opposite 10 liuuenston, and about forty miles from I oronto. Lewis-town, Dec. C, 1 037. ) 4 o'clock P. M. Sin. -The Steam Boat Trnvellr r, Capt. Whitney, arrived at Niagara this inorn' ing, at 7 o'clock, irnm Toronto whirl, I place ho left four hours before. Tim Hunt with n deputation wa desimiclieil In, 1 inu viovoruor nir volunteers irom Iho iin trict, to Iho immediate aid of the unvem. inuntnnd to return with such forthwith. . , 1 tie Kotormcrd 01 the Homo District .,!. .t '-nrnnt., Ilm nintit Imfnrn 1... groat numbers (3000) when voluntcon in behalf of the government wero called t oppose their coming into tlio City, when a tunning fire took place. Col. Moodig latum the lOllh, was shot dead and oth ers, besides a number of prisoners wero taken amonget whom aro Archibald Mc Duiiald and Col. Wells. Sheriff Jarvi'.s house nnd others wore fired and burnt The Governor and his council aro in tho Mnrkn Square. James Brown ond 300 volunteers aro in tho fort. Mr. Spcakar McNab with U0 volunteers reached tlio City yesterday. Col. W. Chisholm is ex peeled to day from Oakville, with oil tho volunteers: ho can get to aid tho Govern and from Withby a few yeomanry cavalry is looked for. Tiie Reformers have at their Counsel Doctor John Rolph, anil others of high standing, rkrec ll-ig.s of (rtico wore sent yesh.rday, to the Government, with Ihe following terms : 1st To dissolve the present Parliament 'id. Grant an Elective Legislative Council Od.Thal the Governor leave the Provinco iu two weeks. ' G o'clock. The Traveller loft Niagara this afternoon with one hundred Royal volunteers, under ihc command of Daniel McDnugle, who was a Lieutenant in the Militia r.t Iho bat tle of Q,'ieenslown. The Steamer Transit is lying off in iho Bay of Toronto, with Ihe family of Ihc Governor and the public munitions. The Mililia nre assembling nt Niagara. Apprehonmti nre felt of an n'lack upon the town to-night, and pre parations, are making for defence. The Oswego Herald oftho seventh, 7 o'clock P. M. says ; Tlio schooner Willel.Capt. McCumber, has just come into our harbor, from Belle ville, Upper Canada. Capt. McCumber stales that a Government Express passed through Belleville yesterday, with intelli gence thai Ihe I'nitioi.- had' assembled and wero iu arms in ihe vicinity of Toronto to the number of 5 000 bended by McKenzie, Bidwell nnd Parker; full credit was given to ibis intelligence at BeliVille. A letter from Q,-i -ension rf lltn C'h.saye "While I write the Mi hlir nro ordered to meet forthw lb at Niagara. It is thought lew willaitcnd the muster."