P It 1 1) A V M O It N I N 0 i JANUARY', 2G. HVii. Wool,, oflho U. S. Army, iiceotnpiiiiinl by Ouv. Jekisok, piiHCil lliroitRli this town, on Woihiesd.iy, on their way to ilio frontier, lor the iniii).o if"ii!('crtiinin whether liny ncecs-ily r-x-tH for eallimr mil the militia o( litis otiito. We apprehend, litnvover, lh.il no sufficient e.ui'n will be found fur well u movement. A II I now quid in ilio Lower Province, nni! llicic is little ipuhmi to to expect nny tlUtiirbincc of the present state of thing?. Hill fliniild the General determine oilier, wiee, nny rail ih.it is insula upon ilio Gieen Monti tnin Bo)s will In- promptly muivcrrd. Gen. Wool, if we recollect righl, was on ilia northern Ironliur (lining the List war mill has I ecu In active icrvico on the southern nnil wcslrrn bor der most of llie ihno since. Asn Rrnlleinen, mid n brave, efficient officer, ho Hands deservedly high In pnblicrcliio.il ion, and flitniM occasion re quire it, uc slmnld rej icc lo fco him at the head ofii few thousand of our bravo Moiinliiinccrs. In deed, it would bo rather a Itcal, to break lliesc dull piping times ol pence, with the "car-piercing fife, the spirit-stirring ilium," and something of the "pomp and cirniitiituuco of War," Nor would ll tio monev badly xpi'ii'h:d. Wo nnt jomething of the kind, to breathe the breath of life into nur new militia f.v.Hotii, ami redeem ilio idea of a military parade finni ridicule. Ueccnl cvcnls have demonsirated the importance, the absolute ucccs eily, of mainlaiuiag nn eflicienl and well organ ized militia in the froi.tiei- stales, ami while our own citizens tiro awake to the subject, an incidental co-operation of iho character alluded to on ilio part of the Government, might be ol very essential icrviee. In the event of a call being made, we liopo not lo be overlooked J but that Col. Thomas may be enabled lo avail himself of so favorahln sin opportunity to carry out his very commendable de sign of making his icgiinent what it should be. We havo received a very well written critical review of Mr. IngcrsollV Address b .-foro the Lite rary Societies of (he University of VriniJiit. h is li meter too long for the minimis of a nowvpaper in these stirring times j and mnrover, wo have bo come so much n convert of late to the doctrines of .1... a. 1.1. ... . ..limiM li no oimn lipit:ilintl ill loidingour columns to nny a.iempt lo lessen its wholesome influence. Recent events have fully demonstrated to our mind the impracticability, if not tho dangerous tendency, ol tho anl.igonisl scheme of Professor Henry. This idea of a liter ary castosettinz aside a class of men to do the thinking for all ilio icst, will never do fur us The mass of the peopli ought rather .0 bo impiessed with the importance of thinking and acting for 1 themselves. For we belioto with the Scold, Pro- feasor that it is very possible for men lo sloek their minds so extraordinary well wiih science ml philosophy as lo have little .00m lor common j Ono rteubon Wheeler, Quarter matter tin dor MoNab, in Upper Canada, lias sent us his complimonts, with an assurance that if "tho Editor oftho Dtirlipglnii I'roo Press ever ven tures vilhin Her Majesty's dominions ho will bo hung and quartered, and his head stuck upon a polo ;"' and continues this amiable cav alier, "I should delight lo drain his robbel lioarl, and inako my breakfast upon it." This was communicated in a lotlor to a relative in this county. Wo quote it nioroly as a speci men of Iho lovely spirit that animates Iheso mercenary minions of royalty. It may not ho amiss to remark that this royal Quartermaster was formerly a resident of this placo, in the capacity of clork lo Messts. Alexander k Moo dy, and also that ho was ono oT the rullians concorncd in tho outrage upon tho Caroline. Philander Iluxloy, a respectable farmor of Albuigh, having occasion to -to across tho lino on Thursday wcok, was arrested and taken lo Montreal, as a spy! Both Lord Gosford and Sir Francis Head have been recalled. Lord Gosford, Gov ernor General, is to ba rcplnced by a mili. tary man. Sir Francis, the London Cour ier says, has not a salary sufficient to sus tain his dignity. The secret of tho recall probably is, an attempt to try new measures wilh new pacifiers. Lord Melbourne sees ho cannot keep his majority in the Com monsbyan attempt to sustain these officers against O'Connnell and all his Irish friends Disguiso it as tho English Whigs may, their destiny is in tho hands of that extra ordinary man. The Canada, however, ore not to bo given up, bui coercion will not be altmpted yet awhile, further than the roprcseion of rebellion. All Iho mad fanatics of llie Montreal clique will meet wilh a rebuff. The English papers say Col. J. G. Arthur is to tako Sir Francis Head's placo as Governor of Upper Cana da. Lord John Russell, now that O'Cou noil has come out and stated, in tho mM olemn manner, he will combat the Minis try in every way and form and interpose tvery parliamentary obstacle to tho passage of any Canadian Coercion Bill, must feel himself under tho necessity of conciliation, and, therefore, be compelled to disapprove of Ihe strong government of Sir Francis Head. Mr Adams is a thorn In tho IlotFpurs of tho soulh, and they would bo willing lo roako him Presidoni for tho eako ofgetiin" him out of Congress. Tho following iceue occurred in tho House on tho 12th init. Tho States and the Territories wcro all gone through, crab fnssion, beginning with Wisconsin and ending with New England, except New IIatnpt.fi iro and Maine, when Mr Adams took iho floor lo proecnt bin usual budgot. As usual, ho madu Ilia "variety Ilio spicu of lift!," ntul for n long hnttr offurdeil infinite amuse ment to the members of t ho Iloiiao. First onmo a btimllo prjylng fur tho Abolition of Slavery in tho District of Columbia, all of which fiiiiud thoir way to Ilio labto willumt. ilidctisiliiii. Another bundle came againjl the annexation of Texas, and met Willi the sunn f.ilo. A put it inn followed, calling upon Congress lo declare llie in ternul slave trade " I'lttACV,"--! his, too. found its uny to the table. Another string oa mo from ti dozen places proying for the recession of Mr. Potion's nnti petition resolution, adopted by tho llousu on the 21st December, Those, loo, ant) on Mr. Adams' motion, found their way to the table, Mr. A. p'tvin notice, in n very loin) voico, to life his own words, lo "all the frirniiorfrcctluvi,"lhn ho should briti in a resolution for tho rccisior. of that in troduced by .Mr Patton,aiid adopted by the House. Another ennic from sutno place in Ohio, praying Congress lo pul in evecution the lOit .'Irticte of the Treaty of Ghent The treaty of what?" was the cry. "Tho Tiunj ur uiiuiii, wus uiu iinswer. l lie inullitiido wondered vvliat the JOlli Article of the Treaty of Ghent was, when Mr. Ad am1, to enlighten the II uisc and all pres ent, called for its reading. The House consented, and the Clerk read an article in favor of tho abolition of slavery and the slave trade. Mr. Adams was satisfied, and the memorial, of course, found its way to tho table. Thus ended Mr. Adam's pcti. lions. Tho TioHnn Evening Gazette is nno of the best woekly publications in the United Slates. It taivos no pari in politics, bill is devoted entirely to literature, science, and the current news of tho day. Tho editor, however is a true hearted Yankee, and, occasionally ho has to btto his lips in order to preserve neutrality. The follow. iS lo.n n late No. of that paper is full of gootl sense and patriotism that our readers will thank us for copying it. In the debates, which lliu lefcrcnce of ilino iW. mucins rnuscd in Cnngi-csp, uc mo pleii'rd to nolo (lie stand inciiiheis have taken without refi'ienro lo ll.irlv lillf'J. W'n rtllllil 'l.llf. Iipm, .,,,,.i ..1.. if national dkgrnro weio n tliemo for niiiuspiiicnt !',';,. ,V f10 , "v i r " . "r, , 'k! t,': I that I'rx.is was conrpieicd by our citizens wiilioui opens, however, with a ilinj at the "so m?' m,d7p, called patriots," supported, farther on, by ,.j,y, Thcie U nno ihing however, which u 0 ingenuous illtillintiotl that, ns "every dislike, both in nevvsp iper r.unineiiis and on the "ease of rooisiancc is not to bo dignified ""'tV. ir wi'ih lhE'et'er Xtl""' ,ho nn"'u "r a "BK' 0 liberty," hnglanil a riiplitie wiih I'.njl.ind, &c. &. In Ui-iiven's 11 line, il com ley to I'linland if 11:11 inn. ill ju.-nce, aii'l natural jun"ice, he not strung nigu- 1 ineiils ciiomh 10 enfoiee our duly in picsenc1 nriniiilily, let us hold our peace. This holding j up llie '.bilisli nation as a power 10 fear is loo dill), mid loo iibjpci, for a niiimi ulio has' any character. We lnre our Fclf-icsppcl by it j wo lose tho iencm of oilier iialious. I.m us mipmI: ol the llriih.li nation as one with whom nur ne.ity in.nmill .iiiiu ui in ,ur llfilllllg 3 a ll.ltlOll which ivo meet us nil equal, in l.ealy at least.- Jloldin; up her poucr, in tcrrorcm, nny do for 1 l.onl Ciosloid's liiocl.imatioiis. or (J.iv. Ilc.nl'j. hut o wish the tongue ofalj. ritalcs .Senator or j uepiescuiaiivc who u?es sucn mgiimcut m.ij blister 111 um iiiuuiii iii 1 111: inoiouni ui unci ins 1 1 1 0 1 1 1 C O .11 11 U N I C A T I O X . Mn. Editoh: As I do not participate in the unpleasant fooling which' has grown out of the latu correspondence wilh the Governor on our neutral relations, so have I no disposition to increase or continue it in those quarters where it already exists. From tho manner, however, in which the odimadverfinng upon the corrcsnondeuco have been received by some of those who originated it, wo might infer thai they consider it to be not onlv unassailable in point of doctrine, but obnoxious lo no cen sure as to the method ofhs execution. As I have tho tnUf'orlunc lo differ, in this par lictilar, wilh men who have a large share of my respect, I will, with your pcrmU&ion, stale Eome of tho reasons of my dissent from a portion of ihe opinions advanced, as well as my objections to tho manner in which tho topics of the correspondence arc discussed. The document is evidently written wilh much caution. Cnro is taken that no single paragraph or scntcuco shall contain any thing so marked ns lo render it emi nently conspicuous, and so particularly objectionable as lo characterize unfavora bly the whole production. Il is from the scope and tenor uf tho whole, then, lhal Us real character and object aro to bo ascertained. 'Phis mode of construction is justified by tho standing which tho authors hold as men of intelligence nud education, second to none, perhaps, in the community Men of this character do not lay down principles and present facts and statements through iho public press, bo they as isola- teu or os general as liiey may, with tho intent that t hoy shall bo forgotten its soon as seen, and thrown niido without applica iiou anu rullection. They aro not thus wasteful of their labor and their thought i uuy expect mat iM'i:ui:.sct:s will ho drawn from wrilings which they aro nt the pains to prepare for tho public eyo, and llioy intend thai ihoso inferences shall be lavorauio 10 tlioir own views, whether those views am boldly avowed or covered by a cautious phraseology. The first question, then, which arises in this us in evory other caso of tho kind, regards tho ostensible object of ihu docu muni. What end is to bo nriewercd, what point gained, by lis preparation ? '1 Ins (1110111100 is answered in, anil not before, tho last paragraph ol tho loiter. There is found a request, or 0 suggestion, that the "Gover nor issue his Proolanintion requiring the people of the Statu to ohsevc a strict ncu tralily, between tho contending parties." 'Phis is seemingly Iho solo object to lie obtained. There should bo good reasons for such a request, and an intcH'gent man would soon and easily satisfy hinsclf what those reasons were. Ho would say that wo were bound by a treaty of jcaco with Great Britain, which becomes fir us a law. Iln would say that by the lows of iho U. States wo woro forbidden to intcrfcro by force in the contests of other povors- lie would infer (hat these laws were in danger of violation, and, thence, iho pnpricty and necessity of a Proclamation which should ascrt the duties of respect and obedience which they impose. To a gonl citizen this would have boon an abunihnt argu- incut and n sufficient reason. It would, doubtless, bo on these legitimate, grounds that ho would e.vnne.1 to ten a request for a Proclamation based, without regard to Iho character of the respective parties between whom wo were to observe a neu trality, or to the e.'aiins which cither might have upon our sympathy. As we discover, ho.vovor, a "therefore" prefixed to the concluding paragraph, wo recur to the beginning of the letter for the purpose of seeing how far tho reasons assigned by the writer square with those which wo had beforo conceived to be the proper and sufficient ones to urge j bear ing it in mind that the person addressed is the Governor of the State, and that the prctondod object was Uo preservation of a strict neutrality. Vc here find a rare aid curious specimen of impartial argumentation. The ingredients of Uc letter arc four fold. They divido themselves into qncs. lions of principle, of expediency, and of fact, interspersed with insnuatiom which occasionally rise to the dignity of sneers. Yet, such a systematic clarification of its contents, although easily made, would probably be rather dry, and is by no means nfccs.ary to my purpose I he letter nnil ns "Vio n mono- 119 nrc KiilnVinni I v m. "sesscd of the quest ions at issue to judge "upon which side tho right lies,'1 we are "to be cautious lest our ill-judged sympa thies betray us" into very naughty acts ! Confident, it would seem, that llicy had monopolized all the information rolalivc lo .1 . , n . i I tl'C "questions at ISH10," they Very charita. b' v concluded that there was not enough . ... , . ... lu!t Ul rCSl 01 U, comlulllIy l" support all opinion Fortified by this conclusion, and resuming il to be sound, they make it the founda tion of another : that all moral presump tions aro and ought to be, of course, in favor of the llrilinh I mean the "cstab- hed" government; and, moreover, while they disclaim any disposition to dscuss the questions pending between the pa-lics,they follow up lliis bulii stroke wilh the met dental remark tha' "the malcontents have, in short, no grinding oppressions to com plain of, but that all their grievances resolve themselves into n ban question "concerning alleged political riglls, which arc said lo bo denied lo them.'' Mr. Editor, it must be confessed thai the "so-called patriots" havo not lo com plain that Lord Gosford rcliovcstho tedi um of his office with ptstol-pract co al tho pipe of any unfortunate Jenn Bartisto who may chatico to stray beneath his Castlo windows; it cannot bo protended that, like the Czar, he issues his orders for a levy of the daughters of Canada to bo the hand maids and adorn the camp of hit soldiers ; no, no, Mr. Editor, it was only ftr the poor boon of political right) that they havo taken up arms ! Alas, our Fathers reasoned not ihun. In tho simplicity of their primmvo old hearts llicy supposed that political liberty was the only security which they 'told for the full onj ymcnt of their civil rights, and they sought it in the held. "Sir," said M r. Webster, "they wont to war upon a pre amble, ond they counted not tl.o cost." Alas, again, how widely did liny differ Iroin them who think that a ccntest of principle is not lo be waged without "an almost certain prospect of success !" His Excellency is requested to issuo his Proclamation, not simply because our laws impose neutrality, but because " "terferenco in tho affairs of Ocnnda by "American citizens must inevitably lead to "serious mischief, and ond in a declaration "of war againsl us." Whothor this bo truo or not, it is a most singular consideration to press upon the Governor for iho purpose sot forth at the conclusion of the letter. It is singular, because uncalled for by tho circumstances, and because it would havo been inoro oppo sitely addressed to n people who woro to bo restrained only by appeals to ihcir self interest and by a fear of consequences oilier than those which otlcnd tho infringe inotit of thoir own laws llowing from Ihe indignation of a foreign government. The writers, however, acknowledge that many of their arguments "might have been clsowhuro mora fitly urged." Our interference is deprecatod on yet another ground. It is, that "during "most of tho time since our independence "of Great Britain wo havo sustained "fiicndly relations with that power, and havo been trnoted by the Provincial gov ernment in our intercourse with Canada in a liberal, just, and courteous manner ; that a highly profitable trado has sprung up between us; and, therefore, any unneces sary acts which may tend to her injury would be a disregard and a rupture of every principle of national comity and justice." This dnr.trino, I unhesitatingly say, is most clearly nt variance with tho laws of nations, and is commended by no consider ations whatever. Our friendly relations with n government cannot bind us, for example, to remain quiet lor on instant when wo perceive an unjust war waged by it upon another "On tho contrary," says Vattcl, "it is both lawful and commcndablo to assist a nation in a just war, and of its justice we aro ourselves to judge," even though that interference bo "unnecessary," and in opposition to a nation which has treated us with tho most marked courtesy ; and ah hough that nation should bo a sufferer even to tho loss of a part of its dominions, wo shall havo ralhcr promoted than outra ged "every principle of justice" by assisting to remove from an unjust sway and to render happier a portion of the human race. It will bo understood that I speak here only of those dictates of justice which arc attempted to be realized in tho laws of nations, and which nations acknowledge and receive. There is yet another feature of tho letter which remains to be noticed, and which wears, if not, an "inllamalory and exciting," at least something Idee an "ami.. republican" aspect. I allude to that paragraph, in which it is said in reference to revolutions that the "right to demand ihe desired changes must bo established beyond dispute." It is iho theory of our government that ihu people arc the fountain of political honor and power, and he would be held to contradict a fundamental principle of re publicanism who should dispute the right of the governed to demand either a change or a restitution of those just powers which are held only by thoir consent. It is fiiflicient to point out the doctrine implied in the paragraph alluded to, with out a formal demonstation of its heresy, or a dcvclopcmcnt of its practical conse quences. I havo considered this document in referenco to its professed object, and, incidentally, to its intrinsic character. Its real object I shall mil at this time attempt to fathom I cannot conclude, however, without remarking tho modest attempt at dictation which characterizes the request, that his Excellency would officially present "incso considerations" to the people of this Slate, and base upon their arguments, and sueI aruunicnts. his Pnocr. i vrm NCUTII.II.ITV. VlNUEX. FKOM THE FRONTIER. Rui'i'Ai.o Jan. 15, niht before last iho Patriot Army on Navy Island, evacuated mat position, crossing in their boats to Uranil Island, surrenderin'r then nrim to Iho United Slates authorities, and dis banding their forces. The Cannon be longing 10 tne oiatc, wcro relumed in n Scow to Scholosser; and on tho way, with all the men on board, came near going o ver the rails, She had fallen fur down the current, nud the men had given up the caso as hopeless, when a gale from the North west sprung up, and by the aid of tlintr blanlcets, waited them on shore. The liritish Flag was yesterday morn ing hoisted on Navy Island. Tlin liarcelona wont down lo Sehlosser yesterday morning. Three armed liritish Schooners, upon the supposition that bhe was there lo bring up tho munitions of wor ol the disbanded army, woro station ed below Mack ltock lo intercept her with orders to hail her, and upon her re' fusing to lay to and be searched, fire up on her. Wo understand that tho proper rnprc' scutalions having been ma do to llie British Commandant by General Scott, she came up early this morning without molestation to lllack llock Dam, where sho now lies. Wo trust thai this vexations war so far as the Navy Island men aro concerned is on ded, and that no measures will ba taken lo reconcentratc tho disbanded forces. The disbanding of the forces ot Navy isinnil lias lurnislicil an opportunity lor as corlaing tho iiumbor who wero there as sembled. They muslored in all 510, who wcro enrolled. Hesides these thero wcro something like 150 supernumeraries. Gen, Van Itonnfsolaor, of the late Pa triot Army, Nuvy Island, was nrrosled last night by ono of tho U. Stutes Deputy Marshals, and liberated on giving boil for his appearanco nt tho next session of iho United Slates Circuit Court. Tho bail lukon was Mr. Van R.'s own recognizance in tho sum of $3000, with Dr E. Johnson. George P. llarkor. and II. K. Smith, Esqrs. in t ho additional sum of JlOOO each. Tho following is from tho Buffalo Jour nal of Iho I7th. Till'. HrtTtfll TIIP.EAT NOf KXr.CUTKI). Day beforo veslerday Iho British nu thorilies anchored three armed schooners, oil' Iho head of Grand Island. They wero visited by our Collector, ns stated yoslnr day and thnv avowed their orders" wero to firu upon and bring In, ihu steamboat Barcelona, if sho attempted to pass up tho river, from Sehlosser to Buffalo! 'Phis avowal of the old "right oC search" roused some American feeling. Geu. Scolt, it is said, outdoors, sent, by his aid, Lt. Tu'l coll, n letter on board slating that the Barcelona, being an American bottom and under the American flag, could mil be sub. juctcd to such search; und that if she was fired upon he Ebold employ such means as wcro in his power in repelling such attack. In pursuance of this view, Gen, S, order od the artillery on duty in this city, with llinir pnrk, so many at lca-l as was deem cd ncccsjary. down the river, to tho shore opposite the tinned schooner. The steam. boat yesterday morning, came up, and pas- sing tho schooners, came lo, at llie lower end of Squaw Island, by reason of a head , (uiml. (-.inn nfl.lr tin ll.,, P.rtliul, ft,, till., I weighed and stood up tho river to Water loo, on tho other side -thus again placing themselves (ioouc the steamboat, when she wot.hMiavo to pass them, on her way to j pos0(l t0 bo an or(or from Qmual Scott but ' Towards night Iho head wind lulled so ' w,,icl' Prorod tonly tho order or a Mister thai iho boat could stem the current and i Seott, of Buffalo. Tho guns had not been re-.-he proceeded on her way up. Tho U. covered. S. Revenue Cutter, Capt. Dobbins, which J Tho tchr. Savannah, cloarod al Buffalo for arrived hero yesterday, with her full com-, Dunkirk on the 10th hist, and was preparing to plcmcntofguns, she has usually, or a'' ; sail tho samo evonlnir, when information hav carried but a singlo one, nt this time i . , , , , , reached the scene. Sho passed down the j m bcon Sivcn lo tho collector that she was current until abreast oftho British Sr.hoon destined lo take a laigo number of men from crs, when she let go her anchor leavinj ' BOlno pncc in the vicinity, ho had hor soized. the Barcelona to pass up on the American T KocllMtor Uai,y Advorllsor .states that side of her. Ilio Artillery, under Gen. , ' Scott, had mean while moved along on j ""formation had boon received at Hamilton shore, keeping abreast of Ihe Boat, which Upper Canada, by express, lhal Dr. Duueombo under these cicumdanccs, was not molested, lad taken Fort Maiden, and dostroved tha vil. An extra from the LewUtown Tela graph, contains the following in relation to tho evacuation of Navy Iiland; Gen. Van Rensselaer and the Patriots, senms nt lenrlh lo have come Yankee over McNnb mid I.m Royal boys It , Ia!CS)am hois(s hu a , for , , seems that fur several days ihe Island has' . . . been in no adequate stale of defence, olhS!luI Cilll1- Champhn, also oftho navy, the field pieces, small arms, el cetera, with i will tako charge of tho latter. Tho Barcolona tun exception of the Stnto property and 50 musket--, having left on Thursday last, and gone Diincnnibeward. Ever since thai timo encroachments might havo been made upon McKonzie's 'Government' with impunity by her Ma jesty's forces if they had known a thing or two.' Our informant says that tho nr my was disbanded this mornin; at two o'clock, and started for White Haven, on Grand Island, from which placo they were to cross over to the American side, but it is presumed thai thero is a principle of cohesion among l hem, that will ultimately produce re-union. It is said that before they wcro disban ded, a conference was hold to ascertain the number who wished to bo rxensed from further duty. About 20 chose to go home. All the others wero determined to unite their fortunes with the destinies of Van Rensselaer and McKenz.o. What those dectinies will be, lime will soon disclose. Bills have passed tho Colonial Parlia ment of the Upper Province, for the us" pension of Habeas Corpus act, and for the trial of foreigners, taken in arms, by Coort Martial. Ono hundred and ton U.S. sofeiers ar rived at Buffalo on Wednesday evening. Tho Buffalo Star, of iho I. '1th, has the follow paragraph. A rumor very much like Iho truth, has reached this city, that oilieial news, hus been received by Col. McNab, that Dun combe had taken Maiden, and other towns on the western frontier of Canada, anil wo making rapid progre'es. with nearly C000 men, well armed, ll this ho true, which wo have very little reason to doubt, the seat of war will soon return to (he Niagara frontier. MoNab will have onlv got rid of an Rensselaer, for a soa.-on, to b met by both Dnncombe ami Van Rensselaer, in such a position that he will he obliged to fight or run. There ore nnny rumors connected with the above, and oilier matters relating to Canada. One is, thai the Patriots on tlin borders of Lake Simcoe, near Toronto, have risen in some force, seized thu arsenal oftho North West Fur Company, and tire inarching upon Toronto. An Express hail reached the Government house nt Toronto, with despatches to the effect that Dunconibe, with 300 men and soma pieces of cannon from Detroit, had taken possession oftho island of Bois Blanc, os has been already mentioned. And to balance these accounts, is anoth or by an express at Kingston, from tho Loudon district, signed by John B, Asktn, slating that a detachment of royalist boaU had succeeded in capturing, after a short engagement, near Maiden, schooner with 100 stand of arms 3 pieces of cannon, and an abundance of ammunition on board the number of men not mentioned, but it is sta ted that the schr. lost ono killed, 0 wound, od and 12 prisoners. There begins to be snmo excitement in Detroit, on the affairs of Canada, but ihe authorities aro on the alert, and the citizens appear cautious about openly violating the laws of neutrality, On tho 5th, in conse quence of a report having gone abroad that an ol'.empt would be made to seizo upon Iho United States nrsenal at Dearbonville, and also the Magazine in tho city. Gun. Brady, oftho U. S, army niado a requisi tion upon Gov. Mason fur a sulllcicnt force lo prutcct Ihoni. Tho request was prompt ly complied with, Tho Free I'reu of the llth, the latest paper received, contains the following paragraph im Great excitement has prevailed In this cily for tho lost two days in consequence of sonic important movements which have ta kon place in this vicinity in regard to Can adian affairs. It is well known that largo numbers of Canadian patriots who havo fled beforo thu government forces in the Up. per Province, flocked to this stuto for safe ty, and scattered themselves along at varU ous points upon tho frontier. On Friday night it is understood that they made a gclieral movement to some point of tho British territory towards iho mouth of tho Detroit river, where they intend to organ ize, discipline and forlify themselves pre paratory to n concerted attack with tho force on Navy Island. Thoir numbers aro variously reported at from 400 to GOO strong. Wo learn that somu few of our own ciiizens havu been induced to join tho patriots in their revolutionary slrugslc. The force, it i. said, is to bo commanded by one of tho officers from Navy Island, who has the confidence of McKenzic. L VTEST. Yesterday's mail brought us Buffalo dates of Saturday. The Commercial Advortisor gives ncoounl 0p a vvickod hoax played off upon Col. Ransom, tho keeper of tho cannon recent ly returned from Navy Island. II soctns iho Colonel dolivcrod Ihoni over on what ho sup- lago of Amhorstburgh. Tho steamboats ISarcclona and Robert Fulton havo boon ehartorcd at Buffalo, for government service. Lieut. Humans, of tho Navv. has been annointcd lo the naval nnmmnml nn it,n lefl Buffalo on Salurday-deslination unknown. THE INDIAN WAR. Fno.M Fr.ontD.v The Mobilo Mercan tile Advertiser, of the "lb inst. in publish ing the account of iho late disastrous battle in Florida, says "the action was most furi ously contested for an hour, when the In dians gave way and fled." The Advertiser adds Phis was one oftho most disastrous bat tle that has yet been fought in Florida. It is said that Geu, Gantry of the Missouri volunteer--, Licnt. Col. Thompson, Lt. Brooks Lt. Center, Capt. Van Swuiirni en, three commissioned officers of the Mis souri volunteers, names tun recollected, and Sergeant Major Slaback, ore among thu killed. The whole of Cumpnnv K. of tho Cth infantry, nrc said to have been killed, except some soven or eight making a to tal of eight ofiieors killed, and MO rank and filo killed and wounded. Of the In dians only eight were found dead on tho field, though it is said some fortv or fifty bodies had been dragged off. 'Phe troops succeeded in bringing away CO ponies. We understand that the! roups had been in pursuit of the Indians, and when they came up to the spot wiiere they were con ccaled behind bu?hes and in the tops of trees, they wero received by n volley from the s-avnijos. each shut killing or woundum Us man Col. Thompson fell at the firJt tire, as did tiMr-t of those who were slain. It is said that the Indians fought so dcriicr. atelv thai il was doubtful nt one period of i 1110 ngagi'mnnt winch parly would be com- pelled to give way. 'Phe force of the In. ilians was variously estimated, and as they were in ambush, perhaps it would bo im possible wilh any certainly to tell. From signs made in Ihe sand, supposed to be by Ahgainr, and which ihe interpre ter, Abraham had seen, the latter gives it as Ins opinion that llie Indians intend lo war lo tho death. A report reached Tampa Bay on tho 1st in.-t., that Brig. Gen. Nelson, of the Geor gia volunteers, had an engagement on tho 26th Dec. at the Suwannee river, but tho result was nut known. It is said that Gen. Nelson's horse was shot under him. Forty prisoners arrived at Tampa Bay on the lt, from Pinto Rapa. They will be sent to Fort Pike, which is a dopot for prisnnurs. Four G.tti)Ni:n, 31st Dec, Ilearinrr that Sum Jones, with thu MicuMikies, were not far off, we left a small command lo go on with the work, and went in pur suit of him ; aftur a journey of about 30 milus, wo found him in tho Okee Ochloo hake, on the 25th instant, in a cypress swamp, fronted by a slough almost im passable, but it was necessary to cross it to reach him. This slough was nearly halfa mile wide, ond in going through it, tho men wero frequently up to their waists in mud. A disposition for batllo was soon niado, and iho iroops matched for ward, and when within about 110 to 100 yards of tho cypress swamp, tho Indians comtnencod n furious attack and kept it up for ono hour, returning three limes to the attack, bul being driven tho third time, ihoy gave way, leaving part of thoir dead on the field, and much of their plun der. Ofiieors and soldiers, in all, killed, 27, and 110 wounded. Tho Indians left on tho field 11 killed ; it may bo prusumcd they carried off a portion of their dead; wo have bul Utile doubt that their loss was fully os great as ous in proportion to tho number they had in batllo, which was es timated between 300 and 500 ; our forco was upwards of COO men. Tjii: Out) Fellows of the city of Albany havu given n ball al Stanuix Mull which is spoken ofas having been a most t-plcntlitl ull'ttir. Indeed bo brilliant was tho display upon tho occasion, that the fair daughters of Evn, in that city, talk of "Citing up nn Odd Female Lodse.