Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, 2 Şubat 1838, Page 1

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated 2 Şubat 1838 Page 1
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. i. N O T T II H C I, () 11 V () K C A' s A It 15 V T T II K t: i' a hi: o i' it o m v.. BY Jf. fi. ST ACT. YOUTH, THE FOUNTAIN, AND AGE (by the author of "Death's De-mticlion," "'I'lic roiic-i-eiulic, ; A caiele.s cliiM ran down a mountain side ; Il(! laughed wiili jny, happy buy, Ilia healthful lie.irt with grief li.ul netcr sighed I'l o i n the iiiniinlitiu, Spuing a fuiiiiiiiiii, Even pine n win the limpid sticam, Anil :ii il llnucil, Hit! Ijoj's clrtk "lowed ilicnin ! nun inpiiuti : jei limy soon's clifpcl Icil joy's Windier, ?ueet fuiiiiiiiiii, do diy water !low V So ?piAe tin- i lnlil, In ni'ci'iils mild, As lie lay down upon the sward below, witti-liiug llietpr.iy, In I lie miii'h ii , Of the clear ling di op? that fell a round : I. ike diamond.-, ilunun, Or pe.u I-Ids iiGn n ; Uiclily oVitpicidiiiji i ho suli emerald gi otitic. Tliu breeze wn Int. lied ; the very leaves were mule iVnt t'Vll II bin, Wiilnn iheiu siiir'd Wiien, In ! a miiiv, full n a mellow Unto, ISie.iihcd nut in yili.i Sufi m inplioiiirs ; Which Mull- upon ill.- fM of the diild ; III linnet ni.' Iiii'.iih (.'iiiiip I'lihn ;is ilcith : Tho fouiitiiin Spake in ill, i fill., (( cuts mild. "As ihmi ail, mi am I t.feu h. Willi cm, e, llit l.rui.., .j.iw in(i I, lull ; IV ll.mnl, .nr.. f, ,, , ,in( u,,llf A1111.I.-1 ,i . ill-ill' hum in if.u -Kiiiiu mi- i iK.. i, .,. t ii fiiurrc. I'll I lit- llllll'l .-IM tut w.ilei. I mil. ; Ami nun h nf.iiinii, ui,., s, , i,.,,!!,, J ween, II. till p,i..i'i 'miili inv nncu iMliniiir fUCjm And s-o lil'i V (h ,n:e,, child, j ,t.f Tu thee a niiili ii'i.ipcsiiiiiiis mm ; Yonih is tin' luiiiii.iin ,h iii:. of life. That iii-Iic in the ,(M ffll ,ft. . When iii.iiiIiiiihI ruines iIihu'Ii sully know "A hillier thy life's .-uiet waleis How." Then all was silent sate, the tippling sound Tlie ivatci j made, A Iran-dent shade Flushed o'er the spirit ol'llie buy, win found He knew not why, A deep ill ;i v 11 sill Gush from hi he.iil ; ihe pan-, soon fled away, 'Alitltl In c.ith in; unlles, i:Vii Mich fweut sjuiliv. As sunbeams lijjliiinu up an April day. Onward he fle.v nloiw his uurrv nalh. Unheeded ho 3 ' Of destiny ; Aml 'I'M I 'laik eankerins S' iefi which Sorrow liaili Tlnmijih his hm-l'span ; Away, away, the rosy l.tuliin boy Uniicctl o'er the llowcra ; TimcV precious hours, Sped piioleis lu'-h:.- life knew no allov. ' Years merged into the nutliinipicss of Time ; The golden hair, And beauty lair Of the sweet child ucio gene ; for manv a clime II. ui preyed upon The lo, elv one ; He had seen i.igitu w.u, famine, ami pla"tie, Slalk 1I11011-I1 the l.iii.l, A ch.isilj banil; At length his mind bie.inie a chaos vjgue. Near the srev nun of it foinilain stoo l, Palsied and wan, An n ih icn I man, Stricken in roul et in no sullen mood; "roiiiuain," i-ai I he. "Mu-t 11 tie 10 me. Dids't ihou pi cage in (inure lot of strife Vet h-h 1 It v tidu I ihmiIv ilried: Thott'lt ever cease mine is immortal life !" vomanas snTrsiibuLD CE. ny ukv. 11. WINSI.OW. Tho next qualification is a habit ofm duslry. This is orsensiat to every pro ductive virtue ; il should be early funned and vigorously maintained. Tho tempta tions with yniinjr women in tho present statu of Eocicty to neglect it arc nuincr ous, ntvl too often fatal. How mnny of our daughters, because their parents arc able to support them, or hecauso they arc looking for eotne connexion which will ex empt them from tho necessity of personal effort, form habits affixed and hopo'ess in dolence ! This evil is by no means confined to nny one class. It is the pride of tho rich, it is tho ambition of the poor, to appear above the necessity of effort. Rut it is a false nnd pernicious Fcnlimcnt. Wo worn made for action; wo wero never in true honor but when nclivity ongnsc(l to tho extent of our ability in accomplishing Bomo good j and this i3 as trtio of woman oa of man. Becuusn it devolves on tho man mainly tn provide support for his fam ily, docs it therefore follow tliat wives and daughters havo nothing or httlo In do? By no means. There Ftill remain-i n tnnsi imporlnnt Forvice for litem, and tliny nro still as Facredly bound tn inoko tho mnt they possibly can of all their time nnd strength, in some useful employment, a if they wore cr.rnpp.c, ,fl , jt f,r ,1(.,r ly bread. To bo diliigent and usefully employed tn tho extent of her ability is oneoftho first lemons to bo inculcated upon thi'litllo mii-p, and to hQ coutiuiially impressed upon her through all tho subsu sequent periods of her childhood, youth and wuinatitlhood. Consitlurinj; tin1 great prune noPjH to indolenco in nil htiinan beings, nnd the fact that fashion and respnclabili ty so much Fanclton it in certain onuses of females, it may bo rrgardijd as ono ol Iho most besotting and dangerous vices of our young women at tho present tnnu. There is with multitudes of them an enor mous wnsto ofenurgy, physical, intellec tual, and moral ; tho sin of burying the talent is with them a crying sin. lint the blame ia not wholly theirs. The views entertained by many of '.ho other sex, and false notiiiin of refinement en courages by society at largo, havo cun. tribtitud to make our daughters suppose that il is essential to tho character nnd standing of a lady to bo as indolent tun! useless as possible. The least that she can know experimentally of tho mariner in which even her (nvn daily fond is prepared, or her own clothes made : or of the more! severe and useful labors of the mind, whether in acquiring or imparling knowl edge ; or of the want nnd rebels of the poor and needy ; and the inure she -peiids her morningi in bod. her pvniti'.- at ttuv els or timii.-emcnts, her innl duy Ilhh- 111 satintering and lounging about. nr 1 vim- sing her person in the streets; the tnor: of an accomplished ladv, is she! What no. (ion can be more lalso and perinci'm ? Vol I need not (ell you it ii popular, com mini, extending t(, n elas.-es. .Many cf all classes arc aiming to bring up their daughters in tins way. So countenanced is it, thai the daughter of the poorest aa well as of the richest often blush to havo isaid or supposed, that they Invo been engaged in some useful employment. I repeat it, t he fault is not so much in (he young women as in those who have the charge of bringing thctn up. and in public sentiment. For u young man to bo usefully engaged, isncccssarv to his good standing in society ; hut for a young woman to be thus engaged, is not only not necessary, but rather prejudicial to her character as a refined and accom plished lady. Ths public sentiment fallinrr in with tho natural disposition to idleness, is it strange that tho result is a wide spred and most melancholy paralysis of female cn. eigy? I speak within due and considerate limits when I asset t, that in a largo clas of females not one-tenth part Iho useful re--tilts are accomplished by their existence, ulncli might be accomplished. Their lives, compared with what they might be, nro almost a barren waste, a dead blank in the scale of being. Instead of being anything that resembles cornerstones pol ished after the similitude of a palace, their history is rather that of hothouse plants. They spring into being, vegetate, and nro gazed at, perhaps admired, for a little sea son; they then (ado &. vanish away forever! Tho evils of this indolenco in females extends to every thing with which they havo to do. A grass-hopper becomes to ihem a burden. To accomplish even a lit tle thing costs them a prodigious and most exhausting i fl'urt. They cannot endure to study, hetico they must have teachers that will savo them from tho necessity of it, and yet by superficial means flatter them and their parents with a fine show of learning. They cannot endure to think ; hence (hey must have books of the most light and pop. ulnr character, addressed principally to their imaginations and feelings. Thoy cannot endure uny domestic lubor, hence they most remain in ignorance of the things to be dona in their own households, and thus subject themselves and their families (0 those nuinprnus troubles from servants, which result from the ignorance and ineffi ciency of tho mistrcfs; to say nothing of tho sacrifice of property m domestic wastes, for tho want of someone to look well tj the ways of her household. They cannot en dure to walk ; henco they must bo provided with a coach, not only when it is really necessary, but when thoy might os well walk, and when walking would comport much better with their means. They havo nnt sufficient energy to sympathize with tho cares, the duties, and trials ofthoir husbands ; henco their husbands must bear their burdens alone, unrured for and unaided ; anil somi'limcs even experience tho inflnerconf ihoir wivrh nsu dead ueiuln upon ihi'in, lo bring down their toitonng resolution to the dust. They cuuiiut endure to look alter tho education of'their children ; --hence t heir lilt lu ones iniirt he comiitilled entirely to tubers to toil fr t., uim,t (thankless tusk!) or their young mind must shoot up ol random. They have not fiifiicient knowledge to select the best teachers ; hetieo their children nniM lake their chance. They have not sufficient resolution to govern their children; hence they must, so far as tho mother is conrnrn ctl, go uiigoverncd, and perhaps n.i a con sequence ho ruined. And, finally, they sometimes become so irresolute that they eanno', without a ghntly efFuit. even ro turn their neighbor's friendly call; tun! th" consequence perlnps is green evetl jealousy and a breach of friendship. All is full of evil, trouble, disaster, resulting from their indolence and inefficiency. Their suns rwe and sol ; weeks, months, and years run on ; they bring nlmnsl nothing to pass, ami yet thy complain of having so much to do! They nro Itiburinnsty employed in cltiiiiu nothing. Their health becomes feeble : their spirits droop ; thoy become nervous. peevHi, unhappy; instead of shedding light and joy over the domestic circle, they rentier it unhappy ; Yes, the beautiful nnd admired daughter, fir the engaging wife and mother, as she appears in the exei'e menu or the drawing roiiui nr the n'seinhlv tun iiften retire lo the domf'-tic circle, win re tti'i-i of nil she should make her ex ei 'lenre tu be seen mid felt, there to exhlb, u the bitter I'miH-i of selfi-ll illdnletipe in iho everiu-iing -inhs and coniplaitit3 of peevish ili-content ! TflH HAPPY MINK II. "There'.- danger in tho mines, old man," I n-ked ofnn aged miner, who v-ti In--arms lent, leaned against the 'ide of the immense vault a')orlid in meditation "il iniHi be a fearful life?" Tho old man looked at mo with a stead fast, bur somewhat vacant stare, and then in half broken sentences ho uttered "Dan. ger -.vhcro is there not on tho earth or beuctitli it in the mountain or in the val by on the ocean or in the quiet of nature's most hidden spot when; is there not dan ger? where has not death left some token of his presence?" "True," I replied, "but the vicissitudes oflifo are various; the sail- or seeks liis living on the waters, and ho knows ench moment that they may engulph him-tho hunter Becks death in tho wild woodsand (be soldier in tho batrlo fiol.l tun! Uiu llllliui KlIOWS UOt. but tho (.pot whero ho now glands to-morrow may bo Ins tomb." "Ii is so, indeed." replied the old man "wo find death in the means wo seek lo perpetuate life 'tis a strange riddle who shall solve it ?" "Have you long followed this occupa lion?" I asked, somewhat struck with tho old man's manner. "From a boy drew my first breath in tho mines I shall yield it up j i0jr gloom." "You have seen some of thoso vici?i Hides" said I, "lo which you have just now alluded." "Yes," he replied, with a faltering voice, "I have. There was a time that throe tali hoys looked up to me and called mo father. They wero sturdy striplings! Now it seems but yesterday they stood before mc so proud in their strcngth-and I filled loo with lather's vanitv. Rut il.,. T.,.i cliastcnoth tho proud heart. Where arc they now? I saw the ynungest he was the dearest nhlie flock -his mother's spir it seemed to havo settled on him crushed at my feet a bleeding mass. Wo wore to gether so near that his hot blond sprung up into my face. Molten lend had been less lasting than those fearful drops, Ono moment and his light laugh was in my ears tho next, and (ho largo mass came ;--there was no cry no look of terror but the transition to eternity was as tho liht ning's flash and my poor boy lay crushed beneath the fearful Inad. It was an awful moment but tiino lhatchangoth all things brought relief and I had still two sons. Hut my cup of afllictiun was nut yet full. Thoy too were taken from 1110. Side by side they died nnt as their brother bul Iho tiro damp caught their breath, and left Ihem scorched and lifeless. Thoy brou"ht them htiino to the old man -his fair jewels thnti whom earth's richest treasures in Ins sight hnd nti price anil (old him he was childless and alone, Is it a si range decree that the old plant should thus sur vive the stripling things it shaded, und for wlmin il would have died a thousand umn. In it surprising that I should wish to die here 111 I lie mines?" "You have indeed," I replied, "drank of nlllution. Whence did yuu derivo coihoIh Hun?" The old man looked up "From heaven --(ui gave nnd'lio hath taken away, bles sed be his name." I bowed my bead tu tho miller's pious prayer and the old man passed on. V I 1) R I, ! T Y . I'iXtrjels from a tlicenurso on the dillie of the (lueou of Kngliuul (Victoria) preach od in Hu Cathedral church of St Paul London, by the ftev. (Sidney Smith. "A Mtcond !!f out object which I hopn will he impnsscd t-unii the mind of the Iloval Lady is 1 routed horror of war an earnest and p'lsdoiiato desire tn keep her people in r. state f profound peace. Tho greatest curse which can be entailed upon mankind is a Haio of war. All the atrocious crimes eoinnitled in years of peace all thai. spett in peace by secret corrupt ion--, or bv the iheiighlless extravagance of nan art: tere 1 rules compared Willi !lio gigantic evils which stall: over the world tn n stnti ui wu. won n lorg'Uicii in war everv prineplo ol christian charity tranip'ed upon human labor destroyed human industry extinguished: yon see the son, and the husband, and tho brother dying miserably 111 distant lanisyou see tho walc of hu man affection' you sev- the breaking n human ho.irn yon bear the shriek widows nnd children, after iho haUlo-and you walk nvot the mangled bodies of ih 1.,. I. ..I ll... c. 1.. . .Miiiwiiu, u-uiim; jur oeato. i would say- to tlia- royal child, worship Cod, by lovin pence 11 is no: your humanity to pity a beggar by givhg him fund or raiment urn on uiu 1 ; uai h mo cnaritv 0; tlie iiuiti hie anil the unknown widen your heart for the more expanded miseries of mankind ptiy tho met hers of the pea-vmirv, who sec their sons torn awav from their families pity your p.or sobjeo's crowded in hns pitals, and calling in their last breath upon their distant country, and their young (itioonpiiythe stupid, frantic folly ot hu man beings who are always ready to tear each other to pieces, nnd to deluge tho eaith with each others' blood : this is your extended humanity; and this is the "real field of your compassion. Extinguish in your heart the fiendish love of military goiry, from which your sex docs not neccs sarily exempt you, nnd to which the wick edness of flatterers may urge you. Say upon your death bed. "I have made few orphans in my reign I have made few wid ows ,- my object has been peace. I have the power of my situation, to check tlie ir rascible passions of mankind, and turn Ihem to the arts of honest iiidu-try; this has been (hu christian tly of my throne, and this the gospel of my sceptre; in this wav have strove 10 worship my Redeemer and my Judge." "I cornestly pray thai our young Sov eiu may evince norseit lo bo n.person of deep religious feeling; what other euro has she for the arrogance, and vanity which her position must engender ; for all the flattery, anil 'als.linotl with which she must be surrounded? fur all the soul-corrupting homage with which she is met at every moment ol her existence? What oilier cure then but to cast herself down in dark ness and soltitude hefire (Jed ; sny that she is dim and ashes and to call down the pity of th; Almighty upon her difficult, and dangcrots life." VICTORIA. " The qicen, you know, wis eighteen in Mny. Sie is nu agreeable looking vaiui" woman, with a blonde complexion" (nut a clear bloide, hut the sudden hue which people get who r.e-ido for sometime ui L union.) Her eye.- and hair are li'ht. She wears her hair in the plainest manner, usually drawn behind her ears. In the back it is dressed a la Grccq. Her fore head u good, I ho skin light mi u, bi. not mi tiplu as 10 give the glassy appearance of poliilied marble, vvlneii looks very ugly. The lip- uither full, puutino-. and red. Her t of I Ii are regular, and no! partienlarly white, lor dors she show them much when slie speaks, iter nose is nlino-t oqueline, nnu I Mould call n her best feature. She has rntier high cheek I s, and her face when linked at in front appears ton broad and flat lo he hand-nine. In a word si e h an iifreeable, good Immured looking, but by no inenn-i n handsome young wo tiinn. Shf is apparently in' good spirits, and laiifhs very frequently. The "iueen's neck is lunger than due properdin warrants. Her head sits well upon 11. Her waist is small. Her hands and lee nro small ; the hands white and plump, with taper fingers, loaded with many 1 1 c a t rings, Were you to see the Queen on her throne, or on a chair, or on horseback, you would llilnk Hint -be was fully of tho mid dle height, hut when she rises, you see that she is of iho 'dump genus.' Tho fart is. she silt a-i if she was live feet five inches high, and she itamh inure than throe inches less. This is owing to her legs being ilisproporlinnably blmrt. This ill's proportion causes her to walk indifferently waddling along in fact. To carry off her want of height, she is fond, on -talis occasions, of having her tram heme by two voy little pages youngsters of ten years old. Hut as ill luck would I a vo it, the Marchioness ol Wcllesley, Marchioness of Lansdowno, Countess of Mitigrnv. Durhrss of .Suth erland, and other ladies about Iter person, arc tall women, anil the contrast makes tho Qunn appear of lower stature than she really is Her mother is n tall, well made, ilnrk haired brunette, with remarkably fine eyes Her lather, like the rot of the roval lamily, wn-i over the middle stature. Very I. Hie is now said about the Queen's marriage Mo' limits ".bo has quite tune enough to think of that some years to come. Thev say. indeed that Lord Ml plnnslone h cnuiine; hack from India, and that she bad a prnchanl for him How far thw 1- true, there can be no means at pres. out of iKcerlatning; On one point there ii no dispute the Queen may legally espouse u subject, if it so please" her.' run i'it:i,i or coiix. Let olhris praise ihe mjrlln 11 huts I 'roin fioiiihi'i ii'siiiiiiiici.x spiung; The !iu of It.ih.tii liourr; II li.inl innl Iiimuiv siiii ; While Ito'.ihc'j ciidc.ii in grace Is in tn v iiipiii'i v hot no," I'll not fin jei our 1 r l iiiu-pl.tra Wii in the field of coin. Tho bianrliin' Iiim !ipiiiiIi our fuel iVo piup'erliMcis bote, lint 11 nit mot ii siinin -lined and sweet, The pumpkin' ellow ?toie. I'lio pl.iuiiiw iptail tint li.iilwicd near I'l'iilmipil Im mill' fin lom, And et'i v pihl and pound va$ dear Among iho Indian coin. Tim green nnd Irailin; le.nea at last U'cie faded, rri?p, mid sere, And oK'i- litem iho mitumu blast llewailed limit-1 uiu By te.ipri? fium the .abided stalk The gulden ear iva- lot 0, And 1le.-ol.1lo became our walk Within tlie field of corn. How sii.w.r, wt; HcnsriMixB ? As to Fond, Hu the best kind, and when prac ticable, by the quantity; nnd never cook a now dish till the last has been entirely eaten. Some families wato more than thoy eat; and wo are preity sure that the economy tn the milter of fond does not depend so much upon the sending of it. Water for tiring is the cheapest, anil we thing it the best. Fuv:r,. Make special effort to he in formed as to the best means of warming your room, and of retaining nil the heal produced ; then procure your stovo or grate, or whatever else and he content to use it wit bom a change, till it is worn out. More money i-s often spent in changes and alterations tf in it the fuel itself costs. Do not forget in cold days to keep the door shut. Cr.nTui.NO. Dress decently, yes, well, but never spend money tielesly to pur chase rich and gaudy cln'htng, thinkiii" lo I e iini-fl Ot0 u.iulilu ,r. uoiiiuiiioiry bv tt tilflll you otherwise would he. In fad 'it is im portant tins year to measure the purse instead of the credit, and if possible to live within the mean of the former, while the laner is regarded as the precursor to ov.--Lowell Jldver titer. I'iii: Iiiti:. A verv imnortant strin. pling, whom favoritism had raised to the dignity of a qiiarter.inasier in a regiment of infant rv, wishing one parade da v. to dismount from his charge fur the purpose of wetting his whistle and adjusting I11- spnrs, called out in a verv coinmandni" tone to a spectator who was near him 'Here, fellow hold this horse.' 'Dues ho kick ." drawled out the ncrson atldre-scd. 'Kick ! No ! Take hold of him.' 'Dues he bile ?' 'No ! Take hold of the bridle, I say.' 'Does it take two to .hold him ?' 'i'o !' 'Then hold him yourself,' j Widow's. "Wtddors. Kimtm. " rnf,.i Mr. Wcller. sh-'hllv chan-nutr nl,i "wtddors are 'cephons to ev'ry rule. I have herd bow mmv nrd'narv women m, ,wl. -I ... :.. - n . ,,,,, i, in nm o connn' over vim. 11 im .- ,..,. 1.... , ,1 .i.-i.i 1 1 . ' .... , ,,,i.,y MH,w wneiner it ain't mnro." Very correct indeed, Mr. I'tckwick-verv. "Wr.nnv;." Tim ivm n. loans Southerner seems tn think ih-ii tho late Committee to Invest mute iho !t:n,b ol Louisiana, did not display much re-earch or extraordinary wisdom m tiietr report to the Legtsla'uro on that snhient. II.. vn,,. obligingly informs ibein, t'hat tho woril 'gas should not bo spelled with a "z." nor too worn "nssets," as aset-n." nnd IVS, "if tllO members of Ibu eommillne Will eutnn fur 11 fete u-,.nt.-o i.,,.. n; . . we will set them to untin.r -i,rt nr.,,,1.',,' 1 and try to heat a little sense into them." The members of the committee oiibt to he truly thankful for such a Hind offer j THE BOUNDARY LINK. The Washington correspondent of the N. V. Gazette, under dale of Jan. Qi, writes as follows : "In the Supremo Court of tho United Smies there is now going on a trial of gnat interest; the boundary question be. 1 ween Rhode Island and Massachusetts. Rhode Island demands a considerable fclico Irtun the old B ly State, anil ifsho gels it, -ho cm, as it were, "make broad her phy lactones;" enlarge her borders; and, may be, send another member to Coin'rcss, nt the expense of Massachusetts. Mr Austin opened the argument on his motion to dis. miss 1 he bill, in very fiuo sly 0 ; but it is no go. I should bo very sorrv. however. 1.1 ou 1110 .Ma achusetts Common wenllh I shorn of a single county, tnwn-lup, parish, Yours, &e, GEO CATLIN . Into v 11 1, , il 1 01 l)0l,"'".'-:"li' l''"' 'Titans un their first setllo.nont of sn utnr) ... d b. tu liciul In (he gonernl inter. iVw England. Thoo while emigrants worn ests, nnd she, perhaps, stand, higher, nt'tohl that wholo nations bad been swept off this moment, 111 the estimation of tho 1 before this country um visited, and tho Puri. blutcs, than any other Stale in the Union, 'luiis deemed it a I'tovidontial THE MAN DAN INDIANS. Editor nf the Everting Star : Your nolo of ihe 2d instant was tin) received, and to your inquiry "whether tl; report of the melancholy fatn of the Mat dans be true," I am sorry to reply (hat tin account yon gave of them a few days since was literally correct. Several loiters have just been received from the Upper Mi-humi, wri'ten hv gen tlemen of iitique-tiniiaDle veracity, (agents of the American For Company to Iheir principals io 1 In city.) giving a 'mo-t uiel aecount of tho ravages of tho Miiallpi.x among several of the Upper Mis souri irib. s of Indians. Hv iho latest nee. milts from them. 11 seems that the disease wis niL'iug with the uto-t desola ling effect S'i in ugt the Asstnebotnes. the lilaclileot, und eiher tribes in' that vicinity. Several thmi-amN bad already been de stroyed, and of 1 bo intcreilin, friendly, nnd gentlemanly Mandnns. nothing remains but n lew straggling individuals, who rntitt, from necessity and the custom of the country, merge into the ranks of their surrounding enemies, whore they will be u--ed os --laves. So terminates t'bc exist ence of Indian tribes, who, from want of numbers, become unable to stand against the i.sau1u of their enemies. Such is unquestionably Ihe remit to which tho Maudlin uati in has arrived, and their race (with their interesting, peculiar customs their religion and social happiness) may bo mid to he extinct. I'oor noble and gallant fellows ! there are but a few of tho civili zod world besides myself who know their virtues, and we n'one well know how to extend our sympathies lo them. The Mandans. when I was in their country, lived all in two villages, in sight of cacn other, on the west bank of The Mis-oiiri, I, BOO mi'es above St. Louis. Tlicy formerly lived further down the riv er, nnd, then, in eight or ten villages, the mark-j of which I saw. and closely examin ed, while descending tho Missouri river. They had suffered inimen-e losses from the hostility of the Sioux during tho lat forty years, and their numbers and strength wero very much reduc d. The American Fur Company, not manv years since, erected a formidable fort bv Ihe side of their principal village on tho bank of the river, nnd probably had been ihe means of preserving them thus Inr from the destroying hands of the Sioux, as their village and the plain about it were under the complete protection of the guns of the fort. They have fallen victims, however, to an enemy that was ruthless and irresis tible, ami it ii probable that little else of Hem is, .eii fur tiiu tvm IiI'h iiHtriictlon than the memorial-, winch I made and collected of them whilst living with them. I became more charmed with (his tribe than I dnl with any other, and. consequent, ly. took mure pains to portray their cus toms and peculiarities of character. I have views of their villages, (as those will attest who have visited mv room--.) their .edges, their festivals, their games, their religious ceremonte-, together with a great number of portraits of their principal" men and women, and also a full cnllection of their costumes mid other manufactures. II is a source of great satisfaction to mo (and should bo so to the uorld also) that I was lucky enough to snatch such memori als of th.'s-u unfortunate people from obliv ion at the time that I did ; and their melancholy fate i one more sudden) fills tilment of the prophecies which I have been making to the world-thai these nohlo fellows aro soon to be swept, nation after nation, from the face of the earth. You ask ntc "how (his disease was carried among them ?" I cannot tell. There is no doubt, however, that its genua was, in some way or other, communicated from the civilized borders: for. althoufli the smallpox has been the greatest destroy- nr of rl.o l.wlm., . r.... .i...-:. " ,B UIU' it iiiui. - i iiju its ting amongst them. Al most every tribe of Indians that now e.vist, or over have existed cast of these poor fellows, who are now taking Iheir turn with it. and as far east as the Atlantic coast have suacossively stiff red under the deso lating ravages of tins civilized scourge, lint u few years since the Pawnees lost one-hnll of their nation; the Piincahs lost two-thirds; ihcOiuahas and Ottncs, Mis souria and Kanza- lost one-half, at least. ot their numbers by it. Only ono yer and a half ago I was at Prarie du Chicn, on (he Upper Mississippi, where I witnessed fright ftil effects amongst the Winneba. goes and Sioux every othor man amongst them by it; and O-wa pc-sho"w, the greatest man of the Sioux, with half of Ins baud, died under the corners of fences, in httle horrid) groups, lo which kindred lies held them in ghastly death, with their bodies swollen and covered with pustules their eyes blinded hideously hnwhng their death song in utter despair --affect innately clingim? t0 each other' j necks with one hand, and grasping bottles .iiui no puns ui wuisxey in (tie other! Hut, let me stop. The actual rava-'cs of this deadly disease (which, like other cau ses that havu led to tho rapid demolition of the numerous tribes of the West, and of which I shall give sonic tuoro definite nccounls ere long.) have heretofore been little known to tho civilized world, and for the reason solely that these benighted people havo had 110 proper vehicle of know ledge or information that could reach be yond Iho oral legends of their whnvam firesides thru !,i,,n ..,, !?.

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