Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, February 9, 1838, Page 2

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated February 9, 1838 Page 2
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military force or the Stale, nntl expelled theso pcnplo from hor borders by the U3e of the bayonet? The question need not bo answered. It cannot be doubted by any one, familiar with the conditmn of Urn country, that they enn be as effectually expelled, though not quite no promptly, by means of lurislntion, ns by the point of the bayonet. They have not the privileges of nn oath beforo the judicial tribunal?, no voice in the legislative hall. Is it not equally a breach of faith to permit that, to be accomplished by indirect means, which would be prohibited if attempted directly end forcibly ? The testimony nn your records establish ci the fact that, if all controversies, of which Ihey havo assumed cognizance, were sub. miticd to the adjudication of the civil tri bunnls of that cuuntrv, it would bo impos sible to execute the Chcrokco treaty justly nnd faithfully. There must be Eome other less interested power to interpose between them nnd Ihe while people residing among them, who, from their superior cunning nnd knowledge of the laws, and the fact that the Indian is not allowed his oath, must, of necessity, be always successful in dnfrauditi!! and oppressing them. With thuso viows of my duty, Mr. President, with my instructions bolore mc, holding in my hand the late Cherokee treaty, which solemnly guaranties to the Cherokecs the possession of their property and tho freo use nnd occupation of the eome until the time fixed for their removal to tho West ; what should have been my course? If I had acted otherwise than I did, I should have considered myself re creant to the sacred trust reposed in me. An Indian presents himself before me, and in tho language of Nature, details his com plaint. Ho says, I have been dispossessed by the while man of the house which I built, end the fields which I have cultiva ted forty years; my property has been taken from mo, and my family turned out to the shelter of the forest. Your Govern, ment is pledged to protect me, you have tho treaty boforo you. and you were sent to enforce it. I ask justice at your hands. T say to him, go to the civil tribunals of the States, they will redress your wrongs. What would be his answer what would bo your answer or that of any other man in the community ? It would bo tho voice of Nature, universal as the human family, lie would say you insult me with such protection, it is o miserable mockery. Is this your justice? This your faith so often, eo solemnly pledged to us ? In the lan guage of scripture, he might exclaim, I have asked you for bread, and you have given me a stone. My crime has been, not in using the language here supposed, but in listening to his complaints, and redressing his wiongi. I have endeavored to do him justice, with, out enquiring into tho particular provision of this or that State law. I have not per- plexed myself with the subtle arguments of politicoes about tho indivisibility ot sovc reignty, or such like cobwebs of the brain; but the path of justice being clear, I but obeyed the still small voice of conscience, which freouently, in t tie advance ot rea soning, overleaps those barriers with which mibtloty and ingenuity sometimes success fullv oppose its progress. The course of justice and humanity is but the dictate of enlarged and liberal policy By such a course the Indiana were taught that snmo remains of justice, some touches of feeling yet existed in the bosoms of white men tor their unfortunate and pecu- liar situation. I trust that It softened, in eome degree, the asperity of their feelings, end cauied them to look with some conn. dence to the future. Suppose a different courso had been pursued, and every species of oppression and cruelly practised towards them, nnd they could find no redress. Might they not justly say, wo can but die, let us first be revensed. Do we seek in vain in the pages of history for such reso lutions prompted by despair ? But, Mr. President. I nm happy that no charcee, which should dishonor me as a man, or disgrace me as an officer, have appeared against me. That I may have committed errors of judgment, I cannot duubt ; but the case before the Court I cannot think is one. And although the consequences of this caso was tragical indeed, surely I am not responsible for the violence of human passions which caused mich a result. No one can regret it more than I do. Mr. President, I return the Court my thanks for their courtly ond unwearied attention during the inves-tigntion. JOHN E. WOOL, Brig. Gen. U. S. Army. CONGItESS. Jan. 27. The Mississippi Contested Election has been on hand again to-day. Mr Maury of Tennesseo was entitled to tbo floor; and he commenced making a speech, in favor of Messrs. Prentiss and 'Word, and had not proceeded far, before the stated that, at the suggestion of fiicnds who were of opinion that the subject had ibeen mfljcieuily debated, he would aban don his argument and yield the floor, There wero eome cries of question, ques tion, but Mr Bronsnn nf New-York got possossion of the field, and went on till n late hour of the day when the House ad journed. 'The 'House was very thin, and it was 'the intention of the friends of Prentiss and Word tO'drivo up the quesiion, but they were dofeated. If they had succeeded, and I wish tboy had, the affair would havo been disposed of. As it is. it will be re newed next week, and for another six days wo shall be humbugged with long speech- In the Sonata, Mr Denton's pre-emption .or souatter's b II has been tho order of I he day. Mr. Cloy has made a noble speech ocainst it. and vet. after all, I suppose it will pssa. To 'the disgarace of tho land, the Western members, nf both parties with (he oxcoptinn of Mr Clay, Judgu White, and Mr Crittonden, will vote for it. The bill oucht to bo entitled a bill to scatter tho public domain among black- Jogs, blackguards, and desperadoes 3an. 29, In the Senato, n number of reports, on subjects of no great interest, wcro presented and referred or laid on tho table. The land preemption bill was read tho 3d time, and on tho question whother i hn hill should nasi long debate orosc, in which Mcssre. Wobster, Clay of Kon.j tucky, Hubbard, Clay of Alabama, Fulton, Lyon and Calhoun took part before the question was taken, at 4 o'clock, the Sen ate adjourned. In the IIouso of Representatives, tho President, by message communicated a report from the Secretary of Stuto, with :ho diplomatic correspondence tint hcrto fore communicated on the subjects of the imprisonment of Grecly in Maine, and tho North Eastern boundary. The report docs not indicate the nature of tho corres pondence, and the latter has not yet reach cd us. The memorial of tho Cherokee Chiefs, protesting against what they nl. lege to bo a fraudulent treaty with the Chnrokces, was laid nn tho table by a vote of 122 to 9G. Tho Mississippi election was then taken up mid debated during the rest of the session. Jan. 30. In the Senato, a report from the Secretary of the Treasury was com municated in answer to thu inquiry rela tive to the Commonwealth Dank, which was partly rend, und on motion of Mr Web. stcr ordered to be printed. Mr. Knight prcscnlrd the Resolutions of the Legisla ture of Ithode Island against tho sub-treas ury bill. The land preemption bill was taken up on tho third reading and debuted to a late hour. Messrs. White. Walker, Ulay of Kentucky, Davis, Webster, Linn, Young, Sevier, nnd Clay of Ala. took part in the debate. Tho bill was finally passed by a vole of 30 to 10, viz. In the House of Representatives, sever al communications from the Executive de partments woro received. Aiming them was one from the Secretary of War. trans mitting copies of nil orders to the com manders of the forces in Florida. On motion of Mr. Curtis, it was resolved that tho Secretary of the Navy be requested to communicate the report and survey of George's Dank, made by Lieut. Wilkes, and that it be printed with 5000 extra co pics ofthe chart, under the superinten dence of Lieut. Wilkes. Several bills wore reported. Among them was i bill to increase the army. I lie House re sumed tho consideration of Mr. Adam's resolution relative to tho Gorostiza pamph let. Mr. Adams addressed the House on the subject, but before ho had concluded his remarks dm orders of the day were called. Tho Mississippi election question was ogain taken up, and Mr. Legare ad dressed the House in support of the claim of the sitting members. Mr, Evans spoke in reply to Mt. Lcgarc and others, and in support of the claimants. Mr. Cushman demanded the previous question, out wun. drew it at the request ot Mr. Wise, who intimated that Mr. Prentiss was desirous ofrenlvinrr to some of the arguments which had been advanced in tho course of the debate. Mr. Prentiss, alter having ad dressed the House for a short, time, gave wav to a motion for adjournment. Jan, 31.--In the Senate, Mr. Rives, from the Naval Committee, mado n report nsking to be discharged from the further consideration of tho petitions for the corns pletion of the Raritan frigate The Chair announced the special order of the day, the sub treasury bill. Mr. Clayton bavins intimated a wish to take up a pri vate bill, Mr. Wright and others opposed the motion and expressed a wish that the Senate should proceed with the bill first named. Mr. Clay opposed it, and advoca. ted further delay with earnestness. Mr. Wright entered into an exposition of the principles of it, and into an argument in favor of it. In the House of Representatives, the select committee to whom was referred the difference between the sergeant at arms and the Dank of the Metropolis, relative to tho alleged deficit nf 43,806 71 quantity of specie drawn by him at the extra session, reported that thoy had come to the conclusion that the fault was with the hank. The bank officers immediately naid the-sum in dispute. 1 lie commitlee was discharged from the further considcra tion of the subject. After a hhort speech from Mr. Atluins, again on the rcrolution relative to tho Gorosltza pamphlet, the House took up tho Mississippi election cose, anil Mr. Prentiss rose and proceeded in hU argument in reply to Ins opponents Washington, Feb. 1. Well, tho Sub Treasury system is fairly under way in the Senate, 'and that it will be pushed through that body by a voln of tluce or lour 1 have but liltlo doubt. Yesterday, Silas Wright made his opening speech, nnd let me nssure you that it was un effort worthy of a belter cause. It made mo regret, inni a repre. tentative of that great Sinte, Now York should be so trarneled by parly spirit, as to lend his aid to ihe adoption ot a measure which, if carried out, could not but prove fatal to all tho trreat cminicreuil interests of Empire Slate. This morning Mr. Webster enmo forth in his maiosly, and demolished the whole system, piece by piece. All his great powers seemed to be called forth, and often as I have heard him, I never recollect him more eloquent more impressive, or more classical tliuu hu was on this occasion. I observed all the reporters intent to catch every word, and (hose ol Die intelligencer more man usual ly industrious. Notwithstanding the lob bics and gollcries were crowded, you might havo heard a pin drop during the whole tune he was speaking. I presume his speech will bo in the Intelligencer or the Globe in a day or two, when you will be better able to form an opinion of its great merit. What great reason has our coun try to be proud of such men as Clay and Webster. Mr. W. denounced all "Ihe ex periments" ofthe administration as fulfil to the bcht interests of the country, from the destruction of tho U. States Dank up to this hour they had been promising n safer and better currency, and what was the re sult but the sncrificu of domestic exchang es, the entire prostration of credit, and tho ruin of tho people. Nay, forsooth, they sought to honrd up the treasure of tho country in vaults and safes, thus going back to feudal times, and imitating the ex ample of tho Daibary powers (Algiors and others,) Mr. W. was for continuing the government and tho nation in that tafeand tried way which experience had pointed out as tho most useful to all interests. Ho compared this vault system of keen ing the money to the dark Eohan cavern, from which would cscapo one wild tempest, destroying commerco, manufactures, and all beneath its baneful influence. Mr. W. contended thai the Bonks never could re- 6timo until the fostering and parental hand I of tho General Government was extended ( to them. Suppose that Mr. Madison and Mr. Crawford, in tho suspension of 1810, had met these institutions with reproach, with denunciation and vituperation, could any man believe thoy would ever have been abio to resume? Gentlemen friendly to tho system, maintained that n majority of the people were in favor of tho measure, ob was evinced by tho feeling reflected from Congress. Mr. W. denied in toto such an impression Congress was to be led by the people, and not to dictate to them. He pointed to all the elections that had occur red, to prove that n very largo majority of the people wcro at daggers drawn with the system. He maintained ton that before a healthful state of things was brought about, that the government must he purified, and that if those in power would not lend 'heir aid to right the wrongs they had inflicted, they should give place to those who would FRIDAY MORNING, I'EDRUARY, 9. RESPECT TO GEN. WOOL. Agreeable to previous arrangement a largo number of our citizens, together with a nunv ber of respectable gentlemen from abroad asscmblod at Howard's on Wednesday ovo- ning to pay their icspccls to this bravo officer and respected fallow-citizen. At an early hour tho hall was filled, by greyheaded sires, the middle acd and the young, without dis tinction of party, who wore sovcrally intro duced and exchangod salutations with their distinguished guest. To many of our citizens Gen. Wool was an old acquaintance, having formerly visited this section under other and very different circumstances, connected with which a multitude of interesting rcminisccneos sugrcslcd themselves, which were discussed in tho Generul'sfrco and familiar manner, much to tho edification of all present. At an early hour the company repaired to tho dining hall and partook of a sumptuous cnlortainmcnt picparcd by Mr, Howard at which the Hon. Win. A. Griswold presided, assisted by Guy Callin, Esq. and Hon. Timothy FolIet,asVico Presidents. After the removal of tho cloth.tho following among other sentiments, accompanied by ap propriate remarks from coveral individuals, were received und drank to with much ap plause. 1. Our Country. Let us make it what it'i claimed to be the land of the brave, the horns if the free. 2. The Presidknt of the U. States He eiis in the place of political power by a rrjlit moredivino tlun that of kings, the voice o' a nation intelligent and free. 3. Tub Governor or the State or Vermont. 4. Brig. Gen. John E. Wool. The brsve officer, patriotic citizen, conscieutioui man, On the announcement of this toast, Gen. Wool rose and addressed the company in a few brief but appropriate rrmarks, expressing a lively sense of tho honors confered upon him. He alluded to the past, dwelt upon the events of the day, nnd touched with much felicity upon his own relation to the government and to his fellow citizens who had iIiub honoied him on the present occasion. In conclusion, he proposed the following sentiment : The citizen of liurlinglon ihe descendants nf the Oieen Motintnin l!ns. They lute ulendily fiillimcd in ihe fnuisirps of ilieir luii'f.ilhers ecr faithful to (lie principled of liberty, law and order fi. The memory oe Gen. Washington. The rttsl nf time shall not tarnish its lustre. G. The surviving Patriots ok the Ret olution. A little longer shall they slay, A brave nnil fearless band. 7. The Army and the Navy. Chief engines of ihe nation's power ; let them nctcr become our masters. 8. Ihe Militia. 'lis a giant bound let the nation lon-e lis bonds. 9. The freedom or steech and of the Press. The lever that cm move the world. 10. Public Sentimcnt. Like the needo, sometimes, adinittin "degrees of variation," )ut but pointing at last to iho pole. 11. The integrity ofthe Union So tnio frimd of his country can speak lightly of dissolving he Union of the States. 12. The memory of the Vermont Reioluiioniry Council of Safety, and i ho principles anil exanulo of tho men ulio sustained and obejed it. 13. Enlighltntd Public Opinion The s.fe guatd of republican inVtilution. We regret our inability to procure in season for publication to.day the volunteer tousts offered on the occasion. Atning thcni were many very excellent sentiments. Tho remarks of President Wheeler on an pouncing the 13th toast, deservo to be printed in letters of gold, nnd we hope he will yet allow us the pleasuro of gmng them publicity.

The entertainment was in all respects a good one harmony and good fooling pre vailed throughout, and wo doubt not nost ofthe company retired happier if not better men. Indeed, we arc not quito sure how many would bo inclined to wink nt n Cana da war, if it would always bring us bucIi frinds and such cheer. It will bo recollected by our readers that, in the courso of last autumn, a Court of Inquiry was held at Knoxville, in Tonnes see, ot which mat. Gen. ocott was President,) to inquiro into the conduct ol Drig. Gen. Woor. in tho delicate and arduous trust confided to him in the Southwestern country. Tho result of that trial, it is equally known to all, was a most honorable acquittal of tint officer of all blame. We to day publish the General's defence befire that Court, for the double purpose of doing justico to a distinguished public ofiictr, and at tho samo time giving our rcadori an insight into tho nofarious cruelty nnd oppression of din State and General Gcvornmonts toward theso unlet tered sons f tho forest. The history of our intercourse with tho Indians, with crceptionstoo few to name, is but n record of wrongs nnd oppressions. We havo undo treaties, nnd enforced them against tic Indian; but when tho rod man has caimed the condition of tho bond, it has p'oved indued but a poor pieco of parch ncnt to him. And when the government las mado a pretenco of protecting him, low rarely has it been moro or less than I) watch the Indian, while the stato au tiorities, corrupt "agent?," and greedy speculators, have devoured his substance, tut such a man was not Gen. Wool. Vith the treaty in his hand, the path of lull was plain; nor did ho shrink from it. io protected the Indian against the merce nary legislation of a "sovereign" state. For this ho was called to render account am!, most triumphantly has he met the call, in the defence now before us. Doth the rrannor and the matter will repay an atten. live perusal, We can here quote but a puagraph ofthe summing up: "An Indian 'presents himself before me, and, in the 'language of Nature, dotnila his complaint. 'He says, I have been dispossessed by the 'white man of the house which I built, 'and the fields which I have cultivated for 'years j my properly has been taken from me, and my family turnod out to the shelter of the forest. Your Government is pledged to protect me, you havo the treaty before you, and you wcro sent to enforce it. I ask justice at your hands. My crimo has been, in listening 1 to liia complaints, and redressing his ' wrongs. I havo endeavored to do him 'justice, without inquiring into the partic 1 ular provision of this or that State law. 'I have not perplexed myself with the ' subtle arguments of politicians about the ' indivisibility of sovereignty, or such like ' cobwebs of tho brain ; but the path of 'justice being clear, I but obeyed the still 'small voice of conscience, which frequent ' ly, in the advance of reasoning, overleaps 'those barriers with which subtlety and ingenuity sometimes successfully oppose ' its progress." CONCERT. 'Next unto Theology 1 give tho place and higicst honor unto Music." So said Martin Luhcr; and, unless we mistake, a ma. jorty at the present day are hardly less int'resled in the quality of tho music than the theology of the sermon. It is incum. bett on all, then, to lend encouragement to evffy effort to improve the scionce of sa crel music; and in no way can this be moo successfully done, than in patroniz ingand sustaining competent teachers. Th entertainment this evening is for the bonfit of Mr. Molt, than whom, no one, penaps, hjtj done moro among us to clo vab tho standard of music. Ho is now a pernanent resident of tho town; and, re lyiig as he does, entirely upon his proles sioial exertions, it is not unreasonable lo expet that he will be kindly remembered. 7kf. Panic in Canada. The past week Ims been one of terror and alarm through oul the lower province. A panic has sei zed upon all classes from Sir John Colo, bone and his officers at Montreal, down to the boy volunteers of St. Armand's. While the people of the frontier, both in this Btale ond N. York, woro in a state of perfect quiet and repose, and had almost ceased to converse on Canadian afiYirs, they wcro suddenly surprised to hear that Sir John Colborue had stationed a large corps of regular troops upon tho frontier of N. York, and was making every possi ble effort to resist an invasion, which was daily expected to bo made from that stale. Rumors wero spread through Canada and were believed, that tho patriots had a forco 5,000 strong at Koesevillc and Pittsburgh and wero abundantly supplied with all the munitions of war. The confidence with which these rumnrB have heen related in Canada the fact that thoy were at least apparently credited by Sir John Colborno, and that he had sent despatches to that effect to Gen. Wool and Governor Marcey, havo led us to make inquiries as to their truth. Wo speak not without information nn tho subject, and with the utmost confi. denco when wo 6ay that these reports arc without any foundation in truth that thcro is no asscmblngo of patriots any whero on this frontier, and that tho good people of Canada havo not the slightest reason to expect an invasion. As soon as Gen Wool was informed of theso rumors, bo dispatched one of tho of ficer! of his stnff to Chnmplnin, Pitts burgh and Kccsvillc, nnd another to other places where munitions of war wore enid to be gathered, for the purpose of investi gating llio matter and allaying the excite- ment which such stories wore calculated I to produce. Abundant information since! received, leaves no doubt that tho alarm is groundless. Franklin McsiMcr, UPPER CANADA. Tho Buffalo paporB inform us that a bill has passed tho Parliament of Upper Cana da, confiscating the property, both real and personal, of all persons who loft tho Prov. incc sinco thn premeditated attack on Toronto by tho Patriots, nnd who do not return forthwith, nnd take up arms for tho Colonial Government. Tho property con-. fiscatcd is to bo appropriated in paying the expenses of the war. Ono section doctor cs that "no alien shall bo permitted to prose- cuto his business, or have his property protected, unless ho repairs to the Prov-. incc, nnd also takes up arms." The lust scntinn provide that nil melt person s have voluntarily withdrawn ihennnlvei from I tic I'rovinee nf Uniior Canada since iho 3d nf Dec. or who shall le.ivn during ihe rebellion, or who have 1 eftisctl nr shall reftMc in hear arm in lb service of the Queen, shall he declared aliens, and incapable of linMing land wilhin iho Province. Tim serond seclinn provides for nn Inquisilion to rcliirn nil such persons, nnd seize their lands for the ue of Her Majesty. 1 lie Intro provides liiat no person, thin with drawing himself or who Ims or may refii'R In hear nr in in the sei vice of Her iMajcsly, sh ill hold lands, or occupy ihem a a lenanl, or exerci-o iinv trade, prolesston, or calling whatsoever und that nil sueh persons, found wilhin ihe 1'r ivinre, shall be subject to Imprisonment, at Her Majesty1 pleai- ure. Tho fourth aeciion ennei that such persons as have 1 efuecd nr shall hereafter refuse lo serve (he alter reuse io n me , shall lie inealile of Queen, liy hearinj rm holding any ofiire, civil or military, in ihe I'mvince . MR in . prov,, .....1 ,B pn,n, 01 .. ) , o. , nrcounl nl aje. s,rkne, nr infirmily, shall be at nu'r.r.i: . . .1. .1 " r . r !....i.m:... the cxnense of the defendant. The sixth provides fur the security of creditors, nnd of liciii and securities upon the confiscated properly. If this law is to be considered a specimen of the "tender mercies" of the Royal Govcrnmeut in the Canada?, it will be long before tho murmurs of Canadian dis content will cease. The passage of this law will do more towards effecting a revo lution in the Canadas than any other act of Colonial Government during the pro gress nf the present insurrection. Latest from Florida. Tho brig Doxer at Daltimorc, 70 hours from St. John's river, reports that some anxiety existed for fear Alligator and Wild Cat (these chiefs act their names up to the life) have got behind Gen. Jesup and may make quick despatch of him. Many of live wood cutters on Dlack Creek have come in from fear of the Indians, Up to the gates of Tallahassee, we observe these warriors fearlessly make their approaches. The Tallahassee Flori dian of Jan. SO, says : "On Friday last, about sun down, n party of Indians, supposed to bo about 30 in number, attacked the houses nf Mr. Faircloth and Mr. Thompson, on the St. Mark's river, about 15 miles from this place, drove the inmates from ih dwellings, set fire to them, and carried off all the plunder they could obtain. Afier dark thoy attacked die dwelling of Mr. Sealey, about three miles Irnm Uol. It. bamble s Mr. Sealey was badly wounded, but made his escape with most of his family; one child was killed nbout n quarter of a mile from the house. Mr. 1 hnmpson received a ball in his leg. A woman residing at Mr. Faircloth's was so severely wounded that her life is despaired of. A small parly was immediately organized, and followed the trail to the O-ci.la, where the Indians had crossed and dispersed in small partie The express to the Governor arrived u town early on Wednesday, who immedi ateiy sent orders to Capt. Bradley's com mand at San Pedro, to go in pursuit of the Indians, and also In a small force stationed at 0?cilla. The Jefferson county troops, wc learn, had also orders to go in quest of the maurauders." P. S. There has bi?en another unfortu nntc skirmish with the Indians in Florida, resulting in n severe loss of officers on the part of Iho U. S. army. Lieut. Powell, with about liO men, landed at Jupiter Inlet, and captured a squaw, who offered to lead him to where the Indians were ; he follow cd her guidance, nnd attacked tho savages, who rcturneu nis lire wun great spirit, routing Lieut. P.'s party, who, but for their artillery, would have been entirely cut to pieces. Dr. Lighlncr was killed, and all the officers wounded. Such is the scanty information which has already reached us, nnd wc hope that further par ticulars will not provo the affair to have been more dialrnu?. Mississippi Elections. The House of Representatives at Washington have dcci ded that Messrs. Gholson and Claiborne, the sitting Van Buren members from Mis sissippi, arc not entitled to their scats. I he vote was 1 19 ayes, 112 noes. It is not yet decided that Messrs. Prentiss and Word, Whigs, are entitled to their 6cats. Rhode Island. At n Convention of tho Whig members nf thu General Assem bly of tho State nf Rhode Island, holdcn nn the first of February, tho following resolution among others, was unanimously adopted : Itetotved, That while wo cordially approve of a Matiunal Convention, ami announce our determina tion muil dim fully to abide by its decision we 1 1 o lil it iiinper snd'expedient fur ihe Willi's, in different quarters of iho Uniaji, to declaie llicir sentiments ; nnd that iheirforn we prescal as u suitable candidate for President of ihe U. Stales, Ile.s n v Cur, of Kentucky ; llio n it'll anil con siitent p.iliiot: ihe enlightened statesman ; the unequalled orator -, whose fame is ilia property of j me American peopli, nnil whose principles fhyulJ uo uiciruiu. Steam Navigation. Lieut. J. Hos kon, of tho Royal Novy, arrived at Now York last weak, from Liverpool, for tho purpose of making the nccossary arrange ments for tho reception of tho "great western steam ship," which is to ply between Bristol nnd that place. Sho ia already built, nnd is now in London taking in hor machinery, bho is expected to nrrivc nt New York some timi during tha month of April. Sho is nbont 1 350 ton9 burden, and it is calculated will carry COO tons of coal. THE LAKE." Several accidents have occurred, wo understand, within the last few days, in crossing tho ice from this place to tho other side of lite Lake. On Monday, an Mr. Samuel Wiley was crossing in Wills borough, Iho ice gnvo way, and his two horses' were lost. Tho principal part of his load was saved. On the same day a man, soid to bo from Iho north part of Underbill, attempted to cross from this place to Port Kent. On Tuesday his whip, sloich-box and buffuln skin, with tho lettei 'D" marked on it, was picked up near a hole in the ice. The man was sup posed to have been drowned, but it is sincot said that ho escaped on foot to Ihe land, but with the loss of his horses and sleigh. Too much caution cannot be used in cros sing for tho present, as thu Lake is so lately froznn over tbat it cannot yot bo safe. Sentine I. We were happy to meet Gen. Wool and his Slsff with a number nf our fellnw citizen", at a dinner ;ve , ,)0 G , M , , ,r Campbell's Hotel. Much Soml feelin; attended ijuisuihii in U'mmninru Willi mis Cxperieneed and veleran officer of our line, wn iru.t , , i rnlp.ni,or1i ,la ., ,.,, r I pleasure to us. St. Albani Meiscnzcr. I T B M S . The present number of rrsident members of Cambridge. University. England, is 1703 . Of theso 473 are of Trinity College, 328 St. John's, 124 Queen's, &c. The receipts of the Adrian and Kalama zoo, (Michigan) rail road (34 miles) over nnd above nil pxpentiilurn have, for tho past season, nmnunted to 15,000. Win, Dunlnp, Eq. the historian of tho arts of design nnd of ihe drama in thi country, has recently been visited by a paralytic shock. Charlotte Loo is tho name of the present Queen nf the Gypsies. And her royal equipage is a donkey cart. Tho Boston Post, of tho lt inst., says "the U. S. ship Erie, while hauling into thestrpatn yesterday parted her hawser, drove against the frigate Ohio, and carried way her jib-boom and fore-yard," Upwards of J48 000 wero expended in improvements upon the Chicago harbor, during the last year. CArtTAr, Pu.msiimknt. The House of Representatives of Rhode Island, have pat. sed n bill abolishing capital punishment and substituting imprisonment for life. Strong efforts are making in the Massa chusetts Ipgi'-'alnre to nboltsh the punish ment of denth for all crimes but murder in the first degree. Franklin's Birth day was celebrated at Hamburgh. Pa., by the Typographical Association nf that place on the 17th till. Tho number of pupils in the New York Deaf and Dumb syloln on ihe 1st of Jan uary was 150. Ten less than at tho samo period last year. A writer in a London Mnrrnzino proposee to cover the roofa of buildings with indta rubber. Mntlhias the prophet is doinj business in hta old lino somewhere in Illinois. The whole Chickasaw nation, with tho e.cpptinn of some three or four hundred in . divitltisls, hnve arrived sufely in their new country, west nf Arkansas. Rcsnltuinns condemning the Stib-Treas. nry scheme, and advising the members of Cnncres-i from Ohio to oppose it. have pas ced the Senate of that State by a vote of 20 to 10 The quantity of oil imported into the U. Slates during the last year, was 400,862 barrels, of which 181,724 were sperm. The loenfoens are about to tort a paper nt Richmond, to oppose Mr. Rives and de molish the Richmond Enquirer. New Ji:nF.v LF.r.isr.ATunn The bill authorising tho bank" in isue bills of a less denomination than five dollars, passed tho Council on Thursday evening was signed by the governor, and on Friday became a law. A meeting of iho citizen of Lnujania wns held on the 24th ult. ol New Orlenns, and resolutions adopted in favor of a Na lional Dank. There was received at the New York tyiisiom House on the 1st inst. 75.000 for) bonds ii nig mutt,, hi a unniinii snopKCepCf .... I.....V riiuuiL-a in man- "lass, eacn of which is ninely.six by fiflv-six inchei comprising in the wholo upwards of forty feet nnd weighing moro than two hundred weight cacti. Tlin Frnnnli nUnrn.n.,l !.,., I... .1.. cs, a million francs per annum. A Noble Ladv. Tho Marchioness of Westminister spends 2000 onnually is feeding and clothing the poor children cf the villages near haton Hall. fSipipr.n Cntr The TTniio.l Oi.i.. r .. i... . .... i, ill. www. ....... jwwi, ..ill in; ni innsi On dollar a ton lower than it was last year. 'i'i. r :..ii... r m..j. . . . by a vote of S3 to 2G, passed resolutions rescindinir those ndonlcd in Jnmmrv urn expunging Resolution. -... in numric.-l IU IIIU C I j vimi'iam new jersey, is 001 General Gainen in bin sneech nt Um 1, dinner given to him at St. Louis, nnnoun eu ins intention ol buying 'n house and nnd becoming a citizen of that place the remainder of Ins life. A bill has been iutroduced into Pennsylvania Lcgidaluro ou tho tubjer