xliu NOT T II E BY II. B, STACY. FRIDAY, G h O R Y O F C At S A It 11 V T T II E XV E h F A HE O F U M E. FEBRUARY 1, 1838. VOL. XI No. fififi STATISTICS. PcNRtdNun Tho whnlo number of pensioners in i tie United States is 41.708 Of these. 2M0 are in Maine, 2,037 in New Hampshire, 43J1I m Massachusetts, 2535 in Connecticut. 904 in Rhode Wand, 2497 in Vermont, 8G3G in New York. 1 ICO in New Jersov, 2019 in Pennsylvania, 41 in Delaware, 457 m Mnrylnnd. 54 in Virginia, 1430 in Ninth Carolina, 013 in South Carolina. 53i in Georgia, 54 in MiPKiitippi, 379 in Alabama. 72 in Louis innn, 205ft in Teiinessee,C2G5 in Kentucky. 2304 in Ohio, 70 1 in Indiana. 322 in lllm oii, 263 in Mis-ouri. 21 in Florida. 25 in Arkon-as, 175 in M ichigan.,5 in Wiscon sin, 142 in Ditricl of Columbia Tie number of pensioners nddeil in I lie list from Oct. 21. 1J6, to Oct. 21, 1037. was 211 1. Deaths duruirr onino period, 1045. The Salt Manitactuiu:. We have received n copy of the annual report of th" superintendent and inspector of suit in the county of Onondaga. From this dncuuient we learn that the quantity of fall mannlnc turcd during the year was 2 IG1 2118 bn-h-els; of which 1 124 G72 bushels were made at Salinas 350 21)7 bushels at Syracuse: 400 097 bii'heh) at Liverpool, and 272 232 bushels nt Geddes. The number of inniio. factories in the county is 139. of which 73 oru at Siilma. 19 ni Syracn-o. 20 at Liver pool, and 10 at Geildes During the year three new mntiulacinries were erected at Sulina. three at Syincnse. two nt. Geddes. ond one nt Liverpool, containing altngei her 350 kettles. During the yemgl29 077 20 for dunes were collected, of which 115 081 113 were paid into the state treasury Veto York Com. Jldv. Property in New York. The New York Journal of d'lninerco gives an nb struct of a return to lite Legislature of New York, ol the Real anil Pe.-snn.il properly in that State. It says ; '-The whole iniouiit of Real E-tnto, is $19H, 430.051) and of Personal Properly 122,. 021,033. Total 022,004.523 : of winch, 2G3.747.350, (almost halt) is in this cii. In 1830 the valuation win $539,750,874 real o-tute, and gl27,C39,4i!G personal estate. The vrIuuiiou lor JNew YorK i.,iiy and County for lliai year, wns 233,742, 303 real estate, and 575,758,017 persons! estate." Pennsylvania Improvements. From auiheniic reports, we find thut Pennsylva nin ha already exnended, in public and private works, for Rail-Roods rud Canals, 442. 800 000. The Stult has constructed 591 miles ol Canal nt Hie cn-t 111 round number.- ol v$l5 000,000 The Columbia and portage Rail mads of 1 10 miles lo cross the Alle gunny Mountain!', are in complelejopero lion, with I I inctioi'.d pinner, at an expense of 5,000.000. Pcnn piper. Massachusetts School Report. Tbi" valuable statistical document of 300 pages is just published. No. of schools 2918: No. of scholars 204,720, out of C9I.222 inhabitants in the stale; No. of scholars between 4 and 10 years of oge 177 053. Amount of money raised by taxes for schools (J405.22804. and of laxes for teachers 387 124 17. No. of acade mies and ptiva'e schools 854. Commerce of Boston The foreign arrivals at the port ol Boston lor tho yenr 1837, were 232 ships and barques, 552 brigs and 805 schooners. 1 ketch and 1 galliot total 1591 -slum og an increase on the previous year of I8G sail The coast wise arrivnU were 4000. The lotul clearances 3887 of the foreign clearances, 071 were. American. 083 English. H is said I tint there are in London at the present lime 4700 public lioit.es and ale shops 3000 tailors 2800 bout and shoe makers-2500 at'nniey 9.000 hi kers--1700 bulclieis- 1000 scl Is 1000 grei n grocers 1G00 apothecaries. -1100 barristers--1000 cheesmongers 1000 coal merchant 490 pawn brokers 450 fi-ii mongers 400 confectioneie, and 250 phys icians. Indian Statistics, Wc learn from official decnteiiis 1 tint the Indians now cast of ibn Miissippi number 49 305. Of these the following are under treaty stipu lations to lemove west of the Mi-sissippi: The Wiuinbogoea, 4 500; Ottnwns of Ohm, 100; Hoiinwntoniies of Induum, 2,950; Chippewa. Otlnwas, and Pitta waluinies. 1500; Cherokees. 14.000 Creeks. 1.000; Chickn-aws. 1000; Semi nolef 5 000 ; ApiiUrlucolnri, 400 : ()nw as and ClHonewns in the penite-oia nf AI'clii nan. G, 500 total number 3G 950. Those not under treaty stipulations in remove amount to 12 415 as follow-: New York Indians, 4 170; Wyandot 575; M.ainies, 1,100; Menunionies, 4000: Onuwus and Chiupawns of the lake-, 2.5G4. The number nf Indiana who have fim'r arauied from the casl to the wesi of the Mississippi is 51.327. viz: Chicknsn we. 549: Clnnnowas. Uliawaanit rntiowata mies, 2.191; Chnclaws 15.000; Quapaws 470; Creeks, bemitinles. 4U7 ; Apnlacln colas, 205 ; Cherokees, 7 911; Kickapoos 588; Delawares. 280 ; Shawnees; 1,272, Ottawa-, 374, Wens. 222; Plnekeshows; 1C2:--PeniiBs and Knskaskias. 132; Pot I tawatamies of Indiana, 53 Sericcas and Shawnees, 211. The number of the indigenous tribes within striking distance of the western frontier is 231. 80G. to wit; Sioux 21.000. Iowbi, 1.500; Sacs, 4.1100; Foxes. 1,000: Scs nf the Missouri, 500; O'nge ; 5,1 20; Kaiizas, I 000: Omnhas, 1 .000 ;Oine- and Missourias I 000; Pawnees. 12 500; Cam ancties. 19 ?00;Kiways, 1,800; Mandans, 3,200; Quapaws, 450 ; Minatareos, 2.000; Pagans, 30,000; Assinneboins, 15.000; Appaclies, 20 280; Crees, 3,000; Arrenn- lias, 3,000 ; urns Ventrees, 1G 800;Ku- laws, 10VUUJ uniwr, T.I.'UU; Unddnes, 2,000; Poncas, 900; Arickarees, 2,750; Chcveunes. 3,200; Blackfect, 30,000. The whole number of the Indiana nboVe enumerated is 332 498. A.-siiinitig Hint every fifth one tuny bo cnu-idered a warri or, thn number of their fighting men is G0.409. JV. Ir. Cam. Mv. Iitisii National Schools It appears according to a return made, soma months "luce, of the children in the National Schools in Ireland that the number dti. tingiiis-hnig the children of Protestant from Ptot. Caih. Ulster, 14,027 22 337 Mnnoier 154 19 123 L"iustcr 701 35 3111 Coiinaiight 277 14 080 Total in Ireland 15 7G2 90 8G9 Sleepino i.n ciiukcii. It is a tnntter of record, thut nboin one hundred years ago, an Indian va- conJucied by a i!i,-creet hurgees to witness the services o the sane luary on the Lord's day. When llue services were ended, the citizen, on their way homewards, in order to impress upon his tawny friend the superiority of CliMf.1. innity over heathenism, entered into a detail ofthn money appropriated by the congre gation of which he was a member, for the support of public worship, the erection of the houae, the sulnrv n the minister, &c. Tii nil this, the son of llm foreM, who had observed the drowy dispo-ition whinh nervaded the nsseuibly, replied, "Ugh! Iiidinn sleep just as sound under a tree, and not pay uuy I lung !" TEMPERANCE TRACTS, NO. 1. Aiu Woodman, tpare that tree. "TIiph Duck Wnl'iippciB me ofieii fiiiiml on i'ic wli.o ps, itoride nf mm c.i-k.j, ami itiiliiliinj llii-ir i'iiiiipiiIs In nifi.iiH ill" Klrnw stirkcr." N, Y. Correspondent of the Madiaonian, Limfpi , p.in- that c.ii( I Sin k inn a iltiip of ginl Foiro iliv wUli, iini'il.iie Cuiiiiinl tins ile.ully Kin. Kninv, li:i fi-i , ih il die r,i-k 'I'limi litle-i fire of lull, Is imulil Inn ilf v it's h.iii, r gin lu rnaic tlic suul. Tliniili rngspil, fihliy, vile, UlllM''l III tO Il III' t'Ollll), Sm.in will il' 1 1 dir-il.iin To Iiimt vmir spirit home. TIipii dioi lli.it rii.ivv and fly As il'fW life, I ii"k H,iip ' flpp ! imr tamper with The tpiiit ufilie c.ik. When 1I1011 ucrl lint a hoy, Whli tender, aiotinus cue, Thy f.ulier wmnril dice ofl l)f ttingo to heivriie Thy cnnreipnee now h feared Hy in.iny yearn uffin, Yet iai ! pe i-li'ill tliou find lis tting-go deeper in. ' f!n, loafer ! Ic.ivn llie dock, An'l toiler, ieniieraie, live If e'er in want, roine heic, And I will succour give. If leinpipil e'er aj.iiii Your wnPH in in in iliown, Touch, lame, ma h indle mil, UiH ilnuw llial sucker down. Cold Wateh. New Yoik, 27ih January, 1S38. THE GAM II LRU'S FATE- Another glat-s ol Uurncoa end then fur Si. JamuV," aul Russell 10 his friend Has vour lengthened residence 1111 the com tneni imbued you with much taste fur cane or roulette. "No," replied Melvil, "ever opposed. bo'li hy inclination and education to the vice nf :niuhliiig. I linve stiidioti-ly avoid I the magic circle 111 which the fickle goddess enthrals her votaries. Surely you do not play?" Very little," responded Russell, care- less'v, "and ineiely for amusement ; to night, however. I have a- 1 told you before, an appointment to be kept. You will ac- cotnnany me, I hope? you need not play." I it part with each other so boon, and after so long a separation, with sn much to talk about, and so many friends to enquir.; lifter, requires more philosophy than I can boast nf possessing; so ns your appoint ment must be kept, and I have no fear of my resolution failing in one night, I will accompany ynu. Were 1 superstitious. ihoueh, 1 i-hutild not do en ; for 0 scotch nrofessor of second sight once told mo that I should bitterly rue the action did I ever cms-) the threr-hold of 11 gambling I'nuse." Russel smiled sarcastically. "Pos-tbly 'eur nich seer spoke from experience Who knows tair that some cunning duel had wnn a grout from lino at a fair, and he thought the like might hap to yon ? Nev ertheless. I thoiild like to understand thi second sigln, ns yon phrne it. very well, seeing tint it would prove on able auxiliary at hazard." The Curncoa was drunk, the cab order ed, and llm scene was changed. One hour afturvvatds he wai deeply engaged in t lit mysteries of play, and Melvil occasionally looking on, and anon chatting with some lordliiigs to whom his friend hnd introduced him, patiently awaiting llm termination of an nrniif etnent for which he entertained no small degree nf distaste. Russel won largely. Seated at the same table with him wa one of those professed players who nightly haunt the gaming table. lie was a man of nnddli1 nge, nf gentlemanly man iters, and seemed well known to thnso bv whom hn wns surrounded. "What, losing again ! night, Mawkes?" said one nf llie hy'anders, addressing htm wn have descnbed "This is bad: ynu linve lost night's losses to repa alremlv." "True," replied the persun addressed : and nftdvil. well versed in human nature, noticed a peculiar ininnatinu in the voice of the speaker, which displayed fierce inter nal agitation of mind, although to a com niun observer it might have been imnr ceptible. "True," I must; and you will soe lliai 1 tnnit win presently." Indeed !" exclaimed the other, "well, well, wo shall see that." In effact the prophecy of the player ap peared magical lor atiou the luck chatiL'ed Rnssel's high pile of gold dwindled rap idly away : each successive throw of the dice contributed materially to reduce it, whilo that nf Ilnwkes speedily became the larpesl on the board. 'Rusel.' whispered Mclvil, 'leave this dangerous pastime, the luck you see has changed,' 'And will chnnge again,' replied Russel 'I know my adversary well ; good fortuno rarely nbid" with linn.' I am clad to hear ihnt ynu know ltim,' replied Melvil. gravely, 'for really 1 hnd susnecied snme foul play. Pray, who is he ?' lie is a man nf good family, nnd one of largo properly, all of which ho has di-iinn-ind at piny. Ho married IJI.niehe Yan, he with whom it was said hy village giw. sips, you once had an nffttire de itcur in early life.' 'I don't recollect her.' snid Melvil. 'Not recollect her,' snid Rusel engerlv. 'not recollect her? Why. Melvil. I could nluiOfl feel templed to say that the lack of memory w'iik intentional. Not remember B'nneh'e Vine ? .-tie whom wc used to col' beautiful nianche?' Melvil colored slightly. A crowd of recollection-! pressed to Ins heart, but they pasnd nwny with llie moment they were engendered; there was a little rounnce in his own bosom. 'I th remember Hint cog noinen.' he answered coldly as he turned nwnv from the table. Hall 1111 uuur elapsed ere IYIclvil again approached. The gambler's lace wns fliti-hetl with success ; that of Russel wa pnle and dieluibcd. Hu had lost very con stdernbly. 'One more throw for double 6takes,' cried he, 'and I have done.' 'Agreed,' replied Hawker. Melvil with some difficulty made bis way to the opposite end of the table, nnd wnlch cil with engle eye Ins every motion. They threw nnd Ru-el lost The scarlet blood mounted 011 Melvil's brow; he suddenly bent forward, and violently seized the wrist of Mawkes. 'Contemptible scoundrel! you have dice in vour sleeve." Univorsal confusion followed, and groups of per-ions flocked lo the table. While Mawkes proudly shook off ihe grasp of Melvil. and bared his arm calmly, saying 'Prove your charge, sir.' This was impossible : and although per. fectly satisfied himself ns to the truth ol Ins allegation. Melvil was obliged lo ac knowledge he had no means of sustaining it. Mawkes demanded his card; it was given. 'You arc wrong,' whispered Russel: 'you had bettor apologize; he i9 a capital shot.' I was nol wruii", nod I will no I opulu. gize,' answered Mclvil, quietly. Ere the latter had left the room, n meet ing hnd been arranged fur tho following morning, by Russel and some friends ol Ilnwkes. Five persons met, early on a damp, mis ty, gloomy lo iking morning, in IJattersea fields; they were iho duelists, their sec ends, and a surgeon. Mclvil was cool and collected. 'Russel, if I fall promise to give up for ever your fearful pursuit.' 'May heaven avert such a calamity ns your hetng wounded even ?' 'Will you promise to mo what I have asked ?' I will do more: I will swear !' answered Roel. Toe ground was soon measured the combatants look Iheir places the signal was given and as previously arranged, both fired together. Melvil remained un hurt ; the gambler fell. God' jaculated Melvil, "I have destroy ed hint !' They rnhed on to tho fallen man. and while his second raised und supported his head upon his knee, the surgeon examined the wound. It wns in the left side, 'Spcnk s'leak !' exclaimed Melvil, 'am I a murderer ?' Fly, lly wiih your best speed, gentle men,' said tho surgeon ; 'the wound is mortal ; he cannot live many minutes.' As the pnii-uncd arrow of the Indian warrior festers in the wound of his enemy ; so did ibis sentence enter into the verv heart of .Melvil. nnd there fester and cank er his hoper, of future huppiness. The dy ing man heard the reply with assumed I'orti Hide. It is well,' he snid faintly, "nay, i' iu?l. Ynu,' uitire.sMng nieivii, 'ynu were right : but hear my ju-iifintiiioii. Mich as 11 u' hnvo a wile children ; I shall never see 1 hem more. I lovrj them belter Ihan inv, elf. A run of ill luck had left me penny- less, and llieni starving. Desnernlion fi'leil my hnsoiu.atid I determined, Miould foriuue feserl Die, that I would ensnare her favors by employing means which I had nut so much ns dreamed of.' 'He is dying 1 said the 6urgcon; 'fly fur your lile; gentlemen.' lie who supported the head of Ilnwkes, lowered it gently in Ihe grnss, and di-np. pearetl neither of the others moved. The million of Ins head appeared lo muse the fast fading recollection of the unfortunate lueltst out Ins mind wandered; Blanche, my wife my sweet heart another choneo fur lliy snke! Throw throw -no' give mo the box. Down go the dice ah ! deuce ace tho game is up!' A convulsive contraction of ihe litnhs followed then n slight shudder, and the gambler 'slept tho sleep which knows nn waking. Russel and Mclvil made a lour to Swit.
zorland together. Doth were melancholy the former for a season, tho latter for ever. The Female Eve. A modern writer gives the following enumeration of a female eye: 'The glare, the stare, tho invitation, lie defiance, the denial, the ennsent, the gauc" 01 inve, uic Misli ol rage, the spark liig of hope, iho langnishtneui of softness, III' sriliint ul'susillciuil. llm firn of innlnuyv. anl the lustre of pleasure.' A FLEMISH COURTSHIP. 'Coot afternoon, my worthy friend Kro r ' 'Coot afternoon. Iliirfrnmnnter ! Thla Ij kond nnd iie'ghburly. Walk in Kilty's in tie tuck parlor." in eotim to court Kttlv ; Kittv is notcc; I M" Kitty. 'Veil, Hint's plain nnd honest; vnu nevr told this before, Mynheer? I'm 1)1' wet In nr il u-ll; ill. mv il.mr mr ' (uffVmg his arm.) ' llitnik ee. I'll do vera well without your nssis nnci' ; lend lorwnrd ; hnw noice" the pig' ;nnl ling io ills, Mynheer I' Vaw. they were made by Kitty: here she is. Kilty the Rurrromnslpr ! ISumo. inastnr Sehlipiienbaeli. You will exem-" me for five minutes ; I see a customer in the shun.' 'Li. Mvnheer Burgomaster Scblippcn back, what nn unusual plensurc !' 'I'm coom n courting. Kilty.' 'A Courting ! ard to whom, pray ?' 'Til MVPel Mlj If nit- !w..i,..r ' Oh, -ir. you dn toe much pride!' and -he drew herself up n fool high. 'Yaw, you are vera proud ; you mustn't h proud whun you inarrv me, sweet Miss Kitty.' Oh. no. I'll b" any thing ynu wish me, dear Mynheer SehliiipeiilMch.' 'Thai's n good girl; gout by I'll come again to morrow.' 'Arc you going so 6nnn. swccthcari ?' 'Yt:w. I moosl go, now I have finished courting you; gout day.' 'Well, slay, my dear sir, hero arc snme of the hogV puddings I heard ynu praisinr;; you'll like them, I know you" will ; here, put Idem in your pocket, and here are -one sausages from Bologna ; thorc, they ju.-l fit Ihe oilier pocket.' 'Thank'ee goot by; but sny, Kitty, give me a kiss (bus-) goot evening.' And away went the swain, who had begun a love affair as he would have begun a bargain for a cargo of Dutch Mackerel. Interesting to Beaux. The N. II. Gazette says that the ptosent practice ot wearing long huir among tho dandies, originated with a State Prison bird) who wished toconceal his cropped ears. 'Teddy mv boy, jiss guess how many cheese there is in this ere bag an' faith I'll give you tho whole five.' 'Five, In be sure.' 'Arrah bo my sowl ! bad luck to the man that tould ye.' Some nne at the 6011II1 has got up a new patent medicine which ho calls.lhe Balcat,) nf thought.' Porhaps it would be well 10 mil some of it upon the upper slo ries ofiome of the editors in that direction Excerpts, from the Chckmaker, or sayings and doings nf Samuel Slick. "Society i something liko a barrel of pork. I he meat that's at tho top. ir -otnetitaes not sn good as thai tlint's a little grain lower down, thn upper nnd lower '.ends are plaugy npt lu have a little taint in 'em. but the middle U always grind. 1 1' a man don't Imc his com, and hn don'i get a ctop, be says 'tis nil owing to the Bank ; and if he runs into debt and is sued, why ho says the lawyers arc a curse to the country. We can do without any article nf luxury we've revur had, but when once obtained, il is not 111 human natur to surrender it voluntarily. Whru a feller is tno lnzy to work, he pain s Ins mine over Ins door, and calls it a tavern, and as like as not he makes tin; whole tipi'hoorhiiiid as lazy ns himself. When I see a child. I always feel safe with the-c women folk? : for I have always found Hint the road to a woman's heart is IhroiiL'h her child. Never l:ll folks you con go ahead of 'cm. but do it. It spares n great ileal of talk, and helps 1 hem to save their breath to cool their hnek. Politics makes a man ns crooked ns 0 pork does a pedler; not that they are so uwful heiiy neither, but i! teachen a man to sloop, 111 the long run. TherVn plniigy sight of truth in ihem aie old proverbs. They arc dinlled facie 'leane d down to nn essence. They nro like pnr'ahlo coup nn nunizin deal o'matter in a Miu'l compass, Tuey are a true as n plum liu), and asshorl and sweet as sugar candy. When you've ino many irons in iho fro, some on 'em will gel stune cold, and t'other ones will get burnt, and so they'll never br no good in nadir. Now'j iho time to lam, when you are young. Sioro your mind well, and the frngrnnco will remain long nrier the rose has hheJ Us leaves. The oiler of rose is stronger than the rose, and a plaugy sight morn valuable. N.itur is nnt nr. wherever ynu find it in rag or 111 King's robes whore the butter is spiead wiih Hie thumb, as well as with the silw knife. All folks that grow up right off like a mushroom, in one night, nro apt to think no small beer of themselves. Nothing sets up a woman's ppunk like calling her ugly sho guts her back right up, like n cat when a strnngo dug comes near her; shu's all eyes, claws and bristles, Make a farmer nf him, and you will have Iho satisfaction of seeing him an honest. independent, and respectable member of snctety more honest than traders, more independent than professional men, and 1 more respectable than either. POLITICAL. From tho franklin iMeitener. To Martin Van Buhbn. Sin The promise I made ynu in my Inni to write yon ngam soon, I now take the liberty lo fulfil. I was faithful to vou in prnsporty, and in adversity wi'l not desert you. and ynu shall realize Iho truth of the saying that there i a friend that stickulh elisor than 11 brut her. I will however, no furt her upbraid ynu, until I have pointed out as clearly and as coolly as lam able in what yiu have so grie.vonly oflVndcd In order to do ibis we must take a bhort retrospect of thn past. When South America revolted we were it pence with Spain. Her colonies tired of foreign r ti 1 0 rose in nrnis against their oppressors, nnd nitr citizens lent their oid to the colonies. Munitions of war in large qontiiitie!- were purchased in nur country and shipped to Smth America, while many of our citizens actually engaged m the con test. Spain complained, but they were told the net of 1 he citizen was not the act of the government. When Greece, revolted, wo were nl pence Willi Turkey. The coolest wns long nnd bio uly. nn. I 1 he whole sympathies of the people, were enlisted for the land of the pbllo-npher nud I hi? poet. Doiintlong were collected for Greece 111 every part of the nation. Snips, clothes, provision nnd 11111 nitioiis ol war, were sent them in large q'lniu'Uies. Even in Congress sir, they mustered courage enough In express an opinion on the affairs oi Greece, nnd yul we were nt pence with the (irand l urk. When Texas revolted we were at pence with Mexico, Our citizen) engaged with spirit in the- conte.-t uiunitiuns nf war were supplied them men were enlisted in every part of the South for tlieTexian scr vice, and every effort was made lonnl their cau-o The contest wns principally car ried nn, and the revolution effected by American citizens. You. sir, was then high 111 authority, and had your share in ibi national councils. Mexico complained, hut what, was done by the governmntit ? Did the admnislraiion nsk for more severe ennetnipnts, in order lo enable 1 horn to stop our citizens who were going to Texas? Were the militia called out, nr did any ol nur Governors trot like Marcy and Mason about their respective stales to prevent our ciiizons from interfering in the rebellion of Texas? No, the President issued his proc lamalion nod sent his circular to the officers of the government, and this ended the mat ter. These revolutions have been gomg nn for nearly twenty-five years, and has our government during the whole of that pe ed been treacherous in its policv has it been violating the laws nf nations, and Iho obligations ot treaties, and giving just caiis of war to Turkey, to Spam, and to Mexico.' it this is true, ihun we hove had for more Ihan twenty. five years the most landless uoverniuenl upnn earth. Where was you sir, during the Texan content? You wns high 111 office, high the confidence of the administration and the people, and if the course of the o-nv ernrnen was wrong, why did not you come nut upon ihe subject. Why did you not express your views wuli regard to the in terferenco of our citizens and the dutte of tho administration lean answer fur you, you were loo bii'ily engaged in those pittlul political intrigues uy which you ob mined your present elevation lo nl tenil to the concerns of the country. The pcoplo of llie south had set their hearts on Ihe independence of Texas and had you taken any mea-urus to prevent 11 yon might have lost a vote for the Presi dency, and tins with you was sufficient In outweigh any other consideration. Thro' all these revolutions our laws have re. inained the same, and our government has frequently declared that they had done all they were hound to do to preserve our neutrality. Tins at last, o far as it relates lu Texas' ynu have sanctioned by your, s-Heiice. It these declinations were true if nur government had done its duly by other nations, why dn inoro lo fuvur England? If the old law did cmw up to the mark, why go bvoml it nn her account? Do we owe mure In England than to other Counlrie.-? IJ the law of nations to re ceive one construction where England is interested, and another where it concerns Mexico, or have wo any treaty with Eug laud that binds us to assist her in main laming bur bwaynver her colonies? Why have yon been calling for stronger laws, nnd pulling ihn con 11 1 ry to such immense expense, to aid her gracious majiy ihe Queen 111 her contest with her subjects? We may make the best answers we can lo ihen inquiries, hut the whole civilized world will entertain but one onini.iu upon th'jsuhject They will believe your con duct proceeded from cowardice. They will sny Mexico wns weak and yon could beard her courageously, Enelmul wns strong and you truckled to her. You may not. feel this as degrading in the least. Not so with Ihe people iheui'olves, ihey wll mil like Ens-tern slaves pm-irate themselves before the twaddling Queen nf Eii"lnnd, nr meanly Btoop to kiss the footsluul of tier throne. Bui you must bo well aware that a citizen can never violate our neutrality or brenk our treaties. That must be thu net of ihe nation in tho national capacity. It is however tho duly of thn government in hnvo such legislative enact menls as wilt ennhlo them to perform the obliga'ions impii-cd upon tho count ry by existing l rem iis, and the laws of nations. Those cibi7 regulations nur citizens may violate, but they cannnt violate our neutrality. If our gnirmmeni neglect to pass tho laws necessary lo preserve our neutrality, they give to surrounding nations juit causo of complaint against us. and if any are injur ed bv such liei'lect thnv hnvn trnA.l ninaA of war, In your special messago to con gress asking for morn powor you say the existing laws are insufficient lo enable ynu in maintain the neutrality of the nation, if thn position you lake is correct, then the Government has grossly neglected its duly to Mexico, and she has just cause of war against us, arid should she declare it to morrow, she could justify herself to the world by your own message. Do nisi ico then by Mexico, and if you have nut the firmness to save us from the disgrace nf truckling to n stronger power for Heaven's sake sivo us from the inoro lamning disgrace of trampling on n weak one. lint i nave no tear ot a war wun Mexico, fur the consequence Ito Ion near the surface for even you to overlook them. Mexico it M trim has no ships ot her own, lint in case of iho war, the little picaroon ot every nation would at once engage in her service. Hundred! of Engli-h priva leers sailing under the Mexican flag, with ner, would prey upon our commerce. and nearly sweep it Irom tho ocean. You would no dnubt complain lustily of British interference but wliai answer would you gel ? If my subjects choose lo sail under the Mexican fhg, that is their business not mine. I shall not like you to go to war with my people, to prevent them from engaging in your wars, hut if you can caich 1 hem you may have them. This wouhl be the answer you would get, and 11 would place ynu in so ludicrous a position before the nation that you dare not risk the consequences and we shall have no war with Mexico. You have no dnubt made your calcula tion of the effect your present course will have on your popularity, and with your accustomed enre have east tho chances of a second election. "You linve missed your figure this tune J)r. Conjuror" or I am greatly mistaken, and the first moment I have leibure to look over your castings will point out your mistake. I shall for a short time have some others on my hands, but believe me when I assure you, you shall not be forgotten for a moment. I am vonrs Ricnzi. HARD MONEY GOVERNMENTS. Norway. The peasantry live on bread and gruel, both prepared of oatmeal, with an occasional intermixture of dried rich. Meai is a luxury they rarely enjoy. Sweden. The dress of peasantry is prescribed by law. Their food consists of hard bread, dried full, and gruel without meat. Denmark. Tha peasantry are still held in bondage, and are bought and sold to gether with the land on which they labor. Russia. The nobles own all the laud in the empire, nnd thn peasantry who resido upon it are transferred with the estate. A great majority have only tocages, ono portion of which is occupied by the family, while the other is appropriated to domestic animals Few, if any, have beds, but sleep upon bare boards, or upon parts of the immense stoves by which their houses arc warmed. Their food consists of black bread, cabbage and other vegetables, with, out the addition of any butler. Poland. In Poland the nobles are tho proprietors of the laud, and tho peasants are slaves. A recent traveller says. "I travelled in every direction, and never saw a wheaten loaf lo the eastward of the Rhine, in any part, or north Germany, Poland, or Denmark.'1 Tho common food for ihe peasantry of Poland "Ihe wotking tnan"is cabbage and potatoes; some times, but not generally, peak black bread and soup, or rather gruel, without tho addition of butter or meat. Austria. Tho nobles are the proprie tors of the laud, and the peasants are com pelled lo work for their masters during day, except Sunday. The cultivators of the soil are in n state of bondage. Hungary. The nobles own tho land, do not work, pay no taxes. The laboring classes am obliged to repair all highways and bridges, are liable at all tunes to have soldiers quartered upon them, and are compelled in p iv nno-ienth nf the produce of their labor to iho church, and one-ninth to the lord whoso, land they occupy. France H"re the credit system is just making its appearance. It has been, and perhaps now may be. called a hard money Government. Of the people of France, seven and a half millions do not cat wheat or wheanui bread ; they live upon barley. rye, buckwheat, chesntils, and a few poia- toes. I he common wages of tho hired laborer in France is jJ17 50 for a man, $18 , lor a woman, ui.uuaiiv. l lie tuxes upon them are equal to one fifth of its net produce. The Sub. Treasury scheme, an untried scheme in tho New World, but a tried scheme in ihe Oid World, whero the nobles, the privileged classes, (corresponding with the ofiice-lmlders here) have all' the gold and silver, it is now proposed to try upon the svorkmg classes of the United State, so as to make this a hard money Govern' menl ! Unless Ihe pcnple arouse, these ollice.holders possessing all the gold and silver, will mako themselves Ihe nobles here, as are the nobles in Europe, and thus fix 11 (in 11 us a gigantic dcspoii.-m that no human power can throw of'. They call this scheme of llieim that Ihey arc import ing frnm Denmark and llusiia, a divorce of Bunk and Suite, when it is a gnldnn union of office-holders and the public Treasury, Gi.nnv and Reform ' The Govern mem pv-moidilures in HUH. under thn Ad. ministration of Mr. Adams, amounted tq d ;nn 000. Tho Government exnendir. ures, in the first six months of 1837, undep ii combined Administrations of Jackson nnd Van Burcn, is $1 1,600,000, or $33,v '200,000 per annum ! This is tho rale at which tho Penple aie paying for thejr Van Buren whistle! v