Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, March 2, 1838, Page 1

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated March 2, 1838 Page 1
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'if if $5SJ N O T T II i: C I, O It V O V ,V. S A 15 w t t i! i: w k r, r a it i: . v u o m r BY US. S3. 15TAC. FESSiJAY, MAg.CD-a 1838. 5S r-riTif3r,ffl:-c' l-'rom llic Nrw-Voik American. THE DlSAI'I'OINTJtr.NT 01' MANHOOD. "How iiniipiifii'.uit iIip iMMtir, and fieiy eh. up ofiiinhilion J except ns mental di-e.ipliiio for Itiiinji iletiiiicil fur i mriiilii) I" llu-iil. " I'he unild ran never a'nn Tho bli-s lor which vvu High." Iluim J In my yniinj; niairh up manhood's eleep. Hdtv pe u l wcie the Met I How luiihl llic pinplp tops iliil peep Upon ii iv ti ioi ii 1 1 ih ejes ! 1 Oh! fiih!. Iicuinil ihiifp li.inior peak", iMeihuuiihi, uh'-n I -1 1 II eland, Mv lii'iul will finil llit fond it "ceks Tliern lies (he gulden land ! And fated I'd "iih f"rl nlV riu Wniilil tr k ill ii d'oonni hill. VliDf uiiiiIpiI eknics idiould Mtpply Tnc Euiiicihing warned Mill. The height !s won! -hut not llic charm Oh 1 whv not on mi; hm.-l TIip. pi ire in iPiiiH iIip j-i-'il'4 rialil arm The cup to quench her llihet 1 TIip world's broad land-cape, fills my eve Hut oinptv le.iw-s my ruin. I : Ah ! I hae no Iip.iii lo ny Thu I). men jos 1 funl. I (VpI ihe leap of power wi.liin lirtpii in loftier .-phem, Which finil no uotihy pii.p to uin fN'o iii.iiiIi lo ioiim" tin in here. Here lower iIip mountain heights of lamp, Then' v .1 !" of pliM'iiii1 -leep J Aiul ricH lil with shIiIpii tl iliiP, To wealth's widu ocean fwecp. Hut lh'ie hleak IipikIiI" sue chill with snow, Anil fevpi " haunt lho.p vale-- While i lipid mar oii liiei'i flow, And Hieck ill i haik that t-.iils. And is thi all! -lie. head exclaims This all! mv erh'iiie' lii-.u I Oil ! (i nih he ilii'-t- th) pioniifeil dim Then lei me hence dcp.ii l ! The laud .-'ii'eed, mid wimble! f.jiniil, Win piirh mv dwelling hcie! Ye stni ! nh ! lake my .-mil iinhoiind To juur own glutei m fphcie ! "Slay !" whipf-r.s me a Mill mnll voire, " 'I liy il nin wi.h ie.-li,iin Tlio'iili poor of rsiih' piti-onl Ihe (.hoice, 1'lies sn- nol wholly v.nu. " If poweif, fur eaiilily tnk loo arc.il, For win liner ht ite Mull ; Tit proof ihtVII ineei 1 1 .i i lieiier fate I'or noughi, iuiiim'iI, can die. " Houe'er icnotilo he ihe goal, The i.ice t'le igor uU--Caip liy ihei-ineu- if ihe soul, And her wild p.ii.-ioiB tit ill. " Tim uoild U hul I tu i-rhonl, in liulh, To irain line f.r ihy home ; Anil manhood hut ihe noli'er j onih Of nol.'ei 1 1 lo lo come. " Appientirrd hem man'" woik, lhou;li vain, Wii power de elopes Hill He iiini4 nl iupppii hut to gain For wuiihicr maiks llic tkill, " The hiidnn eaiih miiii learn il? way Uefoio ihe air ii irie The mind int mmild U fonni in clay, To chifol in the tkici. " Wonld-I llioii, fo iii.lely Ined, intiuilc '.lul iinjjtl jjr.iriii lair Wonld.'l thou pie-uine, wiih mind to nude, 'Mid Oud-iniighi rpiiii.s iheiu 1 " The tree hcnealh llinginund mu?l thaot lii luie il liu in the giovc ; So man in colli inu-i pi c.ul hi? loot 'i'hal hope. lu hloom alune." I iNIpii, hunihleil in the giound, Thai I hhnulil ui.-li in t, In ( haws' nl guill, anil ignorance hound, 'J'o j cm nt c lealmsof tky, IN'o ! lei me train mv heiter pari, Nor uiifif my kcIimoI il.nn moie ; Then sail, uidi fieiglucd he, id, and heart, For ion (jlar-faiiiled flium! THE VEItMON'l' RESOLUTIONS. I S F.N A 'IT., .Ia.nuaiiv IC. Mr. Swift rn-c nml miiiI dint ho wniilil now, njjri'rnhly to imtico oivhii iiii ii fnnner (Igy. pri'soni thu rcnultn mti- (il'tln? I i.-tti turc of i 1 1 State, mill, in prijM'iiitii!.' thrm. !io would mkc tin.- ucca-'iiiii to Miy that w'icii lie prijr-piunil t lie tu mi a fortrior ni:c:i sinn. In) did nni mil icipnlo any oppodii ion to tho motinn lie then made in Iny the rnen lutions oil the laliln, mid pnut tln in, nnil mnrc especially In? did nut miticipntcnny up popilion from thofl" Scnntorti who are the most tenncniiji nftlio r ihl h nf the SttiirH ; but in thin he was disappointed ; they hail been thu first to oppose I hem. lie linil no npolopy In ofier for prpfentin" lliein, other I linn wiin cinitainetl in the ri1. oliilions tM.'iiiselvrs. Nor did the penplu of hi Biate need nny vindication f rotii him of their nht In enlorlniii, i'Xprof, it ml nmintain, lu'ie and el-ewhero, Ihn opininni-cxprrn-ed in thece rctmliitimiii. As oni! ol the Slates of this Union, they nlaiin as sa. crei). mid as secured to them by the Con stitiitiiin.ilio right of exprosMti tlicir opin ions not only on nil mailers which conic before Conirress, bill also na to what nro JepitimaiuMibjccis for its Ipgii-liitive action. Ho paid the Senate inii)it condemn their opinion?, but he protcHted n,iinsl their rioht of drnying them the privilege of ox prcsfini; llicm. or of unpuncliirij; their in lives for doino ho; ami ho would nuw call I ho attention of the Senate to the resolu lions, nml the opinions therein uxprciwil. Ho should not advott lo them ni this lime or nuili'' any n ninrk n -pi'i- mr iIhmii, had ii'tt tin1 rpMi'r.iiitii". and llic imil i vi- nl 1 1 1 1 1 wlin adnired ilmni, h i.n (iii.Jii'tly, at. he iliouolit.)ii-fiiili!d by hutioiiihlo tJi'iiuliif." on this II Mir. flero Mr. S. readllio refolntion, which nro ih fnll.iws i "Jicfolvnl hy the Saint? and Flnusc of lifprrsentiiliiw, I hat our Senators in Ci)ii!rijS b" iiistrucii'd. am! our Roprcse-u-trilives he r(fiii!Sii;d. In use their lull nonet in tint body i" prevent the annexation of Texas to Ihe Union. ''.J. Jicwhril, Tnni. repreipiitin!, n we do, i he I'ei pic of 'Veritfint, we .do hereby, in tli 'ir ii'itne, .iUunly prulcl ajjuinst hiicIi .t'liti'xu' imi in iiiiv tiirin. '3. llrsnlvul T'lnt. ni? the representa tives Ol I lit people nf V'rin .tll. We il l Sill emiilv protest ii,'iiliifl the tiiliiii-sinu into Hit Union of any S'nte wIioho Cunst itiili.ui tnler5liw d --hi' ,' i v r ,. 't. Jlrsntvctl, That (yonrcss lias ful power, hv tho C.ini.1 i'ol ton, lo mImIisIi alo very ami the lii vo trade in Ihe District of fj-diiinhin. and in the Territories ol tho United .Slate". "5 Ilrsnlucd That Concreps hns the cnnMiltPinu.il power lo iimtitbl! the slave trade between the pcveuil Stales of tin Union, and lo inp.ke 'itch laws as bhall ef fee.iiiallv prohibit Mich trade. "0. Rewhrd. That our Senator'? in Con irres ,n itpitrueted, ami our Ileprefeiita lives rrrjue'led, to preMinl the fiire:;ouiir reporl ami re-mlnl tons lo their reitec! ive Iloiipcs in Cotii; res-i, and to u-e their influ ence to parry I he same into i'fF.;ct. "7. Unsolved That thu 0 'Vernor of (hi Slate lie requested lo Iran-milt a copy of t ho foreiroinr report and resolutions, lo 'lie I're-ideni ol'lhe United States, in the Ex eculivi's of the several States, and to each of nor Senators and Representatives in Coereu." Mr. S. said ho suppned no exreptinn would b taken to any of the re-oltilion-j. bv anv Senator, excpttnir ihe .lib ami o'h The 4ih resoliiiion inerelv a-erts Ihe puis ee of Ciinores In nhol th slavery and Hie slav; trade in the Di-liiel of Col.inibii, mid in the Terrtiorii ol'lh.' United tvale--. Wilhoil' eX'lie wniir I he expediency of exer eteiiie; lint p iw r; and j el, from the whole tenor of Ihe rc-olnl iiiih. Ik,. Imil in ilonlit lint those who piippnr'ed them did hulteve thai it wns expedient fur Cinores. iimnnie form, and at least in moiii ex't'ti', iinmcdi nlely to e.-er'i,it. ,n p.uver They, in ciimtnon with oilier etttzens of i!n t'j'uie, eoinplaiti Ihnt slavery i allowed lo pxi.il in any portion of lite country where (lonuro-'-it ive excln-ive lejri.Jntinn, and that, tint i a hoi it ion is eli' ei-'d, each Suite pariiriiiates , in slavery, nod Hint i'e (Jov. rnoe to w nbtrixi'in- to i, . elnroe nl bettifj u lnve 1 1 i 1 1 1 1 it Vi iveriinieti'. He he'teved ihn coitlpRrnl ively few w.inld ilenv the puA'er 8--eri('d in titu rp'oliiMon, however iiioch ihe epedieecv of cxn'cifiui" Ilia' imier ninv be doubted. The filth roi-niiit ion. which mi intic'i 'X cited Ihe sen.-it tvem..-, of ,.. (,nrn ,,(. l"ir. lyuuiiiKiri i ii nl. in I Ins am) Hie oilier ha'l of C ilinre wss not. ,h nopeaisbv in mites anpi te'ei' ' Ai d hi; w mid nnv a I;, i- I Ii re nuv 't hi i" to. he r HM..H-. pa-ed by ihe I.sia- h.. ,, ls reporl ? and have not IIh ore. Itouehit w,-ia,1(..ptndbyihepopu'ar ,onl,. ,1 Vermont a to ur-re the hrMicli ol ii. i,i, re-eli.tmo a-r-s tlie,x,ln(; v,.4 i;n)WUU, " ,,. ,7,,,,, , "i ."ori.---mi io ri.'rrin.iie e itnmeici' nmonir i ho feintes n to tirohtbil Up. and transfer of i-laves irmn nm. State to another. Mr. !5. did not feel Inin-oT par tieulnrly called on ni thi tinieio aerl and mn lit um the principle here expreod vl he would reler the S' nate lo tho article (r ihd Con-itiioiion i n which tins epim m win founded, and winch is tu ihes" word-: "'I'he ConrrreFB shall have power to reop Inte commerce with fnreiitn nations, and nuionrf ihe .-.'veial Sinii-." Ii cannot he coiiieiui''d 'ha1 iheornui of power to reno. hte rooitneree iiuiouir the Sta'es is not a-, .'real in l?rmt a-' tl h to reonhiie n iunnrree with foreiirii nail. ins; and vol ender tins rjratit of powi r fore en eoonneree I as no' only b-en re.-trtcU'd. hut th" inip.ir'aiiou of article-- of fori ijtii eoiiinii'iee has been pro lnbited ; and il will not b cnnirml d by Senators from slavehohlinir States that slaves are not article- of ciuiuieree: thev are said lo bo a part nf a in mi's goods nml chattels, limits, not perMins. The I'e iple nf Vermont are mil Miiirular in Hie optui m a--ferlei! in Hns re-mlutiou : il is an opinion which prevails extensively, and has been laiely asserted on th'H llior, in ihe re.-.oln-ions of Mm honorable. Senator from Ohio, (Mr. Mounts.) winch lmv been eoieiinni eil nnd pruned by order of ihe Senate, anil laid on mir table-'. And when iIkim; reso loiioiih are di-cu-sed as he suppo-ed they soon would be, all the liohl neceftary lo a deei-ion will no doubt he elicited. Hut lit" hmiorable Senator from North Carolina (Mr. Stiianoi:) Miys, lite Lefts latum nf Vennoui, ltl p-inir ihcso ri'Mihi tioiw, deorailed Now, cir, Miimt people may think ,t decrradinir to I ho-e who diner Willi tliem m npiutun nil Ibis or i' any mner Mtujen. mn h,: was willing to lake i-stte wnh Ihe Senator, and Irnvo that I isMte to Ihe People to decide, wheiher Ihe I rj'ate oi verinum is moM deorndi'd by mam. tainint; opiumns in lavor o liberty, human, i'y. and freudotn. or the S'aie which main! tain oppnsite opinion?, and hoeliouhl have no leais of llie reMilt. Mr. S. mjk) Ii" woulil nnt detnin the Sen. ale by readniL' iho roiort'alliiileil in m t,e teMiluiions ; but as thu repnrt hati wcn pronnuueed by the honorable Senator from Alabama (Mr. Kimi) an iulammig hbrd nn the South, ho wnii'd call tho allention of thu Senate to thai pari of the report winch (coined ofil'iifivc lo Southern Senators, ihouj'li; whclhar the Senator means tV, charfruMio report with buth malice and falsity, or to insist on tho doctrine, "ihe jjrealer the Irulh the realor iho libel." he Miniild nol protend tOMiyj ho woulil how ever say. thai whatever thorn win of laci stated ni tho reporl, it was utaled oh the foundation of uu argument ngniiifl the tit)' iii-xa'ioii ol Texas to Hi" Union, and not for lie pnrnos" of n-hn C iUre-4 10 mier fere w p h ida very when- it exists in Ihe itatej j for neither ihe Lnjrlattire nor I'enplo nf his slate chinned lor Ciniitesis any rtieh jnuver, or have, to his hii'iwl. dee, ever exprejseil n di'Mru thai il shotihl at tempi to exercise such power, or any other power winch they do not Hunk clearly grained by the CoiHtiiiition. Vet they do claim llie rmhi of protest mi? niiinst the annewiiinti ol Texa-i to ihe Union, mil only on constitutional rmimU, hul on the (jroiii.iU, nfproprieiy und e,vp(.ii"iicy. and will avail th' Ui'elves of ev 'ry fact and ar 2unioni aoattwi a iii-a.-tire franhl. ih tb- y bylteve. Wl'h the niu-l ferintH evils to the ooiiutrv. 'I'he repoit iH"erls thai tl M Ihe avowed (ibjoi'i of ihe ndv ica'es of the an nexnion ol Texas to the Union as n slave. hnldin eotuil i v to add o und e-nlirm tie .'.nil iiiHuiii; liiiitn.iice in the iniiuaenipi ol I hi! (Jovernnient ; hllll il proceeds to point out some of thu evils which have, irowii out of tin: ta'e of shivery at ih Soot It, wlinjli the J,eoiMa'i)re wn-j tin wiiherr lo have extended hy the r.diJitinii ot'n slaveholdiit" country. 0'' the-e evd tile report stales thu ill.-oal ouiraes have been coinnntted ai ihe Smith on micIi per m iih as have avowed or been rtispeeied of eiilertatniito; nitM slavery principle-, win. hove advocated tho cause of Itb-'riy and condemned slavery, and that there w an apparent want of nower as well ih dKpo-i-tton oil the part nf the millionth:! of the rlaveb.ildtnir S'ales t punish the perpe trators of IIkuij mitrnres. and viho have l.lllierti) pissed with itueiinity, uui that th" I'eople nf the shivlioldiii' Stolon have tletiiud ti the Pcnrd'.- of the Nntth on the rubj ict of slavery in the Dul net ami Territories under the e.veliiMve I-r itl.t 1 1 n of Cnt-rresj, anil on the Mibj-et ofiho do nie-tic slave trad ', the freed, no of speecn and ol'lhe prefi. and the re-hl of p.tition 1 1 Conirress. Ami the repni coih;Iii:1- by oxprcsiuo- t-lron;; a-settiotM that if these and ether evils (jrowitiu' out ol ihe state of slavery should be iticrea-ed hv t.'te innexa lion ot Texa-, ih a filn veli.ililino; t'rril irv. t i the U'linn, it would j.-ivt! an aseendaney t ' l. IP influence of s'aveholdiorr Stales, anil would, iii all probability, hhui lead (''.tlicr to a ill-nilijlton of the Union, or t . a deera datum of the Stat-s of the Nort., and evMi leaHv to an entire overthrow of the coin llioii hlii'tlu-i of I',,, fMiintrv, Mr. S- said he hid thin concisely looted the Mib-Uince of 'hut pirt of llie" report which appeared In he nfl'-'iiMve lo Southern Senator,, without iiU.'iium inrr to iimi the l ioiiajre nf ihe renort. which all Senainr--could see an I read for themselves. He -I'd no! f rl h.m-elf caned on, on tliw pre liminary qneMion, u prove Hie cnrrecup'.'-e ol the faets Muted in llie report, or the eoiii:lo-i..n drmvn from ihem: vei, for Ihe -upporl of il ftelM, b would refer lb" Senate to various new-paper repoMs which " v- circulated through 'he cotiutv and .ireiibk" ucee-Mbl,. I,, n'l: and lie"woo:il 'll! . to i ee nnil inml.. I I . ion and a-' miieh virtue nml i,,i .,.1, ,,.,,, and a much attachment to Ihn Coiis'Uiilinn and Union as they will c meeile to any oilier Slate. A in!, he would unit, is il oe'iiernn or iiiaiiaiiiiiioiis for Senators hero, while they chum for the People of ihu South treedoin of fmrech and of tho press, nml the rifjht of onniuii, to deny lliouo privi b'pi'H I o others ? Mr. S. said ho had no desiro to excite dobntoon this sulije.ct. lu preepniin the f-olutions, ami the remarks hu had made, o had iiiieuded merely to di,cliare his "tv to his coiisliiui.nu; nud he had pur. poe y avoided doinr; ,nre. that Ihe ehar.ro ol adilino t tl(! r,v(,1eionni 1111I,i rest on hm, jju, lf (,lh ,njl -j0eil ,7imiUei) jrjoiiatore will t-cizy on tliis occasion to add IHiO to tler''(ieSPiHHr to the xeit'inent of winch we have alreadv ' had .nillicteni I'or one fes-mut, he could not help it, i hotioh he did not intend further to p't'i teinaie in it. , Mr. S said if tho rrsnlulintu were ro Ireived bv iho .Senate, mrrenblv In hi- iitoii'iii, it wns not ins purpose at present to a-k their refe'euce lo n entniiiulee, or to tin l;o them i In; liiutid it ion nf loeUluiive eii iii. but would move that they lie laid on 'he table, and printed; and on this motion h n-ked the yeas and nays. Mr. I'r.NTMP, of Vermont, eaid thai, '(o'hnr; li'mself calh d upon, ns he did, by what transpired on a fotnter oeci.-i ui lii r 'latino to iIiom' re-o'iitimis, to make some (marks be iiium a-k the indulgence of ihe .-J -'nale for a very few moments. t n not ny de-nen, (said Air. P.) in any thine I thall r.i v. lo priivokr furlhur d. halo upon Mi'i (v.- -m rtnj -,itatiiijr topic, woich have euon.ied so much of our nlton'inii; ciueb lysis it my desien to disturb the Vi'lmir of any inembr ol this body. .Mv only purpose is to dischari;.; n duty which I owe to Hp li"i''nlaiurc and People of the S ate I repieseiit. Sir, it is (jnito impos"iblo for mo to expre.-s in aileipia'. e term- how much I rejTrit Ihe cnurro which wa- ptirMted on the occasion in which 1 refer: nnd, r?pe ciaMy. how deeply reoret that remarks

wen." unde m the i hn. not only, ns it api"nri'i! to me, iinbeeoimnir Ihe occasion, hut of a ni'lnre b tier filled, much better lined. Jin att-nneal than allay excitement, here and elsov.here". When Ihe resolutions were presented, some days npo, wnh no other view, as was detlareJ at the tinie. than to have llicm laid on llie table and printed, they were tii"t at nuee wi:h an objection t'o llp'ir recepti in. The nlijeeiion was not only accoinpaiiiei! with iinju-t and injiiriinis ini' pti'alions, hut was f .ihnved up immediately ivith a moiion lo lay the mutton to receive it the table. T'te moti m to lav on the table was insi'tpi. upon, was refused lo he wtihd awn, nnd iIiih no opportunity v.a alWed either fir reply or explanation. It iipp-'B'Pil to me then that it w.u n i;rn.M mi-iake lo auppise thai Ihe resoltt Hon) were lo fr treated like a petition fntm n private individual. 1 kip".v that it has been leceuily e-tabli?he( hero as n rule of order tin! I he present men, of a petition must he aeeotnjuuied wnh n motion lo receive it. I have, no disposition to (pies Moil the propriety ofihril rule; hut I must be allowed not only to quesiiou, but lo deny, ihnt it kas any application lo the paner before the S"ita'e. 'I'he paper i nol a mem irial or petition, or in Iho na nire of a inemoriai or petition. Sir, the .Slates (,r this Union do nol come here ih humble pe' M toners. Their Jj ori-lalurcs d,i lint Mienl; in the I'llioiKiee ol potllion. Thn p.vpre.s ibeir cpinioiis nnd wnbes in the fnrm of resolutions, llie only form lie oiiiuijr lir-j r ebarneter and do'i'iiiy a--rrprc-eoiattves of lite People. And when, Id in rihk, was ihe lime that, a c iinmnni eation from Ihe Government of a State was put epoe ihe fooliiiir o' n petition from a private individual, or a quest inn made ns toils reception? Sr. nich a proceedinp. woulil be an assumption of a now and vry hieh preroirntivn as unknown lo or u iiis'iiuiioii, as it is repiio'- not in the nature of thu Union and ihe :enir.s of i Iih (iovernment. And by whom was this prerogative as- r' I? I!y o.-n' lemen lielonirino; o llie 3 a'e rp'ol- mjIiooI, nroteiU" Stn7e riohts ' rules, liy "rent leni'tli who hold thai tit- Union ts a confederacy of Mivorop'ii S'ates: that Ihe Coii-niuiioii ofihts C,'v. rnin m is ii compnci between sov. rein l'nii ; thai the Senators on ihn. ( mr a"re he r iire-enlntive- o iln S'ales, honinl bv ho will and nisi ructions nf ihe Stale i "i-'iitures. Are not the re--oii I tons vlnch are oflered reMilu'ions of iiiMruo.. ion from ihe li'-jrislature of a Slate to lieir S'liators on this fj, frm IUV o'thl i,.i;.'np.n, (.Mnsutcmly with their avorpe d ictrino of State lioiits, or eon- t-'eti'ly with any just doctrine or priiici. nilerp i-e lite oiie.-lio'i ol receniion? I iw can I Lev refine to receive, nod nine.. p inthe j inriial, i evolutions of untrue in Irom ihe ,"jrihiu,i of a Snie? I low iliat we have f-Itnr opr door? (i'aiusi " 1 i opte, ami refused lo hear litem by I'tiltuu, lint trust thai iveare nnt prepared jet toi.irn our Incks upon the Stale l'i.l'ilure- and ro'u-e lo bear them aim. tr, 1 hive satd that I rejrrel led, sincere. tld '-'ply reoreiied. that remark.- Lave unde upon ilpsllmras utieal'ed for ie resolti'i.oH which are proHented m were ui.rcspeet'ul to the Jpn'Ulatoro eoiil" of ih S'ale f'ruin wlpch ihe (iih come. , t me ie!l i;piileuien. o il wnh nil possible respect, that "stake Hie character of the People they have clio-en to apply what incourieoiis ami reproachful epi Jaded up in, n I am. In vindicate p e of my own Slate, I t-ball speak n only as thev deserve. I shall e in no vain boast inrr on their behalf should do lliiusiice lo ibeir feelimrs as will asllioir character if 1 did so; for lliev aro a plain, iiiinMnuiaiintis People, wtiii no arrinjant r!ti'in. no f-itpercilioiH pre leiiPons. l!ul tin- miy ny, am! justly, loo, that n People piUhc'ssinrV morn virtue and tietieral ht'ellioence, j mied to more liberality of njntinteiil ami j,cnero.iy nl fuelni',', with truer ami innro devoted patri oiisiii is no.viiero to bu loiinil. Look a their individual and social condition, ami i-oe if they nr ionnrant fanaticj, inisernble aoiialr.r.s. With literary, relioioips, nnd mural inelituiions ahmiudiiiir ainmi them, cherished. eiicnurap;od, ami Mistnined by popular lavnr, nuimi wliiuh. I am pron'd lo say. Iron Fclniiils lor elementary educa tion Maud onnspienniis. all are inst'riteied in the riulluteilis of loarninj;, in rellnn, ill tnnralsi all are uiuro nr le?s educated : all understand Ihoir ri-;lils ; all know nud value! tho principles, nnd desire In extend nml perpetuate the (iles-inrrs. of civil and relt. L'tous frocd-nn. Tim Irntts of their intel lectual and moral education are visible upon all their lulls and in nil their valleys, pre-en'ino well-cull ivaled farms, f mrt.-h "'IT villaoes. noil every where n .oeneral and pervadino; nsp, r.i ofindustry and enter prise, of social order, comfort "anil Inppi iiess, utHiirpns'ed. Mainly n-rrtculinral in their pursuits, with a cirealer equality of properly than exists perhaps any where el-e. I hey aro republican, ill ornuelilv re publican, it 'heir ini'iners, their habits, their principles. They reverence the C'liHiiiuipin and l.nvs; they levetheUoi on, nml. rely iip-m it, they will never be wan'tpo in ibeir duly iii jt. Of thet patrtoiistii, the ht-tory ofl lit-: country is not withnol i'ome evnlel.eo. Tln-v I'uiir'lil vour linttlc. III the war of th" Ri V illlllnli ; I'u.j were fnietno-t in th" cuifl.rt thai gave the lir-t cheek to tho noitheru Jrili-ii arm ; they Iriunipheil at Ioiiniu-'t in : thev par tictpaied in the ineinorahlc, the decisive victory which followed nt S.uatoira a victory which secured your ItHiepondonco. In the Into war. when a powerful nrmy bail crossed your frontier, and penetrated inio your terril iry. -ley volunteered, -pontann nti-lv and nneaileti fir, ti drive back the invader,-, nf yntir soil. And may not mr-Ii a people, numbering more than "three hundred thousand, bo nT I iwinl t i express iln ir npiniops upon sub. jects of a public nature, with Iln hii'dues', the direelno-s, nud independence, which lie. cotne and oo-.'ht to characterize freemen, without tncurrinrr reproach or rebuke? Hot Mr. win" h there in the resolution t lint should call forth the uneourteou re mark1! we lave heard? The re-olut iop. express opinions upon the slive iradej up on the annexation nf Texas to this iihiui; upon slavery in Hits di-tnct and the ter ritortes of llie United Sides. Certainly it will not bo d. nied lhai iho slave trade and Ihe annexation of Texas to iho United Sinles. a-e topics of hijjh public concern, of deep in'ere.-t to every slam in tins Uo ion. Tor can it be drnird, as it-appears to in", that t-lavery in I his dud rict and llje i .Trttorioi, is a inati'" of coinmon concern to all the people. This district it must bo remembered is ihe capital of t he nation ; p ts it ri I i ii ti n I territory : Conorc-H has excln wive jurisdiction over it; and if miy insti ttiiton ex'-ts here which i lliourrht to affect nijiiriiiiHly either ihe welfare or character of tin nation, or to be incompatible with the p-inciplcs on winch the proveruuient i founded, every state has a leijitimrile rijbl I I dirCtHs the subject, to express its cpm ions upon it nnd to sond its ntituions here. Ii noes not helnne; to us to say what the -tile lejjisluurcs shall or what they shall not dtsciHs. If wo look intothe report of the commit tee which perhaps unnecessarily nccmnpa nie? iho resolution--, there is nothing m n. in my nppreheu-ioii, at all otTeiHive; cer lainly notbuiy; inteiitionally dt-re.-pectful The roiort h an ur-jurie'iii aenin-t the an nexation of Texas to ihn United S'ales. I's whole scopi' anil nbj.'Ct are lo show the imii'dicy nnd dane-er of stirh a inea-iire. S'avery b 'tiiir nnces-aniy conneeled wi'b theiinm sul'j'ct, heini indeed one of the nio-i ininoriant cousi Ir-iations tin I . netiifr lo P. it was unnvnidalil- to spenk of it, and to -peak ol tl with Ireedotn loo. Th" lin- otne u-".'ii may uc nionir; me nuninu-e,ires-rd miv he erroneous the whole nroiiinent unv b" wropo; hut there is sure Iv tioiliiiur nir-n-tye in it. In the resolu tions ard tneiiioriiil- winch were p'omited here iip ni the Missouri question, up-ui th" tnr.fi" upon nollilicatinn. up.ni Ihe nirlit ami p iwer of I hi.- h uly lo expunge n pari of il j Mirual, you h id lull as much fieeiloin nf ili'itiohi nnd boldness nf exp-eijion, and y i the papers were received ml only without ohjertion. but wi'hniit eomplaint. Sir. how did these rc-oluHons ori-r'nnie? They orew out of numerous petitions pre s'-ntcd by Ih" People lo the Ii i-! pure of Vermont ; wb'chihe lieiri.slm ure was bound in receive and act up"n. It could mv do otherwise. Ii did nut do otherwise. It did receive anil act upon them : and. in mi doni'T. it did what it conceived to be its doty, nnd not Innnr morn than us duty. We have relit-ed lo receive the petitions of Ih" Peopl. nnd they are now ''ouio, as you perceive, and ni''hi have expected, lo the State L"e;i-laltires, Sir, oem lemon may rest nnred that 1 have no di-p isi'ioti' to ititeifere, nor do these resolutions profe.- or set up nny elum to interfere, n thu -.lp;htet manner", with any of the riolils of the Smph Their in MiiniiniH nre their nwti. peculiarly their own, ami 1 will leave ihem lo ilioinsolves. I have no ili-iosit mn, more than anv one, lo tiirow llu.i Union into commotion, hv uniK ces-ardy raisui'.' any (lisiurhinj qnes" tiotHhero. If that h tlone, it will mu be my fault, lint while 1 hay this, I wish not lo he iiiHtiuderslood, 1 am opp. ,i:d to hlavery in any ami every form. A sys tem tint dooms n part ol tho human nice to hopele.-s buudai, from jjcneraiinn lo iieiierntioti, for all lime to come j deprived of all port-mini iiehts; wiiboul even the rioht In their own ofi'.prinjr ; nd which iIooiih Ihem. nlso, to perpelual. everl.Htnio brutal loniitiiiiee; f jrliiddiip; their iiHlriic". lion in knowleilire. relionn, or morals, hy heavy and severe puns und penalties of law. has no plnce m my approbation or nU'ection, ami can receive no cnniiipuance nr favor from me. In whatever I say or tin, mi that Mibjeci. if on no other, I will leave notlnuir tqutvocal. While, lhi"e fore, I disclaim, totally difciaim, any nhl to inlermeddle in the 'donie.-tic enncernrof any oflho S'ates, I inu-t iu-ist upon the ri"ht of ili.-cusrion, upon tho ri"ht of opin ton These riliis can never be surren der d or abandoned '' lnV mid, it h p'aiu, that uiiu-li ol' I bo excitem -nl whie!. prevails niuuiio: the peoplo is (mill'' to the uuimitided, the extravagant, and arren.int doctrines which liiivo been cdvonccd here. Tliat Conro'"' hai no power to abolish slavery in lhi Di-incl. no riohl lo iIirCtiF. tip' subj-'ct, and the People no ripbt. lo pe'ilion eoneernino; it, are prctnip-iotta winch can never be silently acquiesced in. They inu-t and will be resisted. If the question was put. as it should be, upon the t'round of exiied'encv, wi'hoiit deiivinjr plain constitutional riohu, there would be los reaon for cotnplnint , and, I am well pTsuailed, Ip.-sj r.rjiiii' ton in the country. Mr. PnnsroN said, that tho gent lemon who presented Ihis memorial and resolu tions, Ii i vi ii;; himself rai-md iho question of "le'ir reception, it was necessary to meet it. Mr P. wis w 'II persuaded thai the Sena tors from Vermont hardly considered them, soieos ei to their own discretion in the presenlniion of ibis document, bciiif com o.'Und to do so by i!p. evoress cotninand of their Ijooisln'nrc. to winch, of course, obedience is due. These genl lemen. there, fore, hnve but discha'rred I heir duty in fireseiiiino; Iho memorials and resolutions, and ihe S 'liaie eotne lo the consideration nfth" question of receivin-; them with that, favorable prodHpinitiou which their hirjh oiirc" oppefsarllj inspires. Tho proceed ing ofn Miverirn S'ate justly exacl from tH the liitfliosi eoii'.iderr.iion. and a respect and deference b"Utitled only by llie para mount obhoa! ions to maintain our own dignity, and the riohts and inlerosts of all the States. The dot ins of rejpecl and for. hearance nro mutual between this Gjvern. meiil and the S'atps tlimelves! and if, in the preceding; of Vermont, or of any mher Stale, litis rec'procity nf respectful demeanor he not preserved, it is a volun tary waiver nf .its own claims to respect, and demand upon t Iih body to protect itself, and I ho S'lto repesented here, aoainsl a.i unjust violent, and indecorous a'sault, if -licit be made. iT i ope willinsly or lightly soppoics that such an nssnult was intended by a sovoritTti Stale; and certainly, sir, however unwise, impolitic, and dancernus, I miobt consider the resolutions offered to ih, I fhntild have acqnie-ced in their re ception on account of my profound respect for the risrht and dignity ()f the nuthority sending thnn here IJn't wiien I turn my attention from the-e wild and disurjrnmzinif resolutions to the aecnnipanyin report, of which ihe bniiornli'e Senator himself has, said that the I jiri'nturc rnioht as well have prolermttied it. I find il couched in lanirtiadp. uhich, if u'torcd hero hy any rent Ionian on this floor, w.mjd have been disorderly, and wlpch cannot be fully and correctly characterized by epithets whose use here is consistent with tho dignity nf ibis body. Indeed. Mr. President, 1 do not believe that any renl Ionian hern hat" fo little si'lf-rorpect n- would bo implied by ihe ndop'in), in his place, of the langua(ro of ibis repor"; and if any penilnman fhnuhl so far forei himself as to utter such mjti r'mus, iiisultin-T, and libellous matter, In? would insiantly incur Ihe censure ol this body, and such animadversion as mighi bo prompted hv tho eipranred feelings of gen ilemen indijrtiintly resentinrr " foul "and calumnious asperMoiH npnit themselves and their constituents Yes, sir. if such hn Ctiasrr. .) is c'intaiiind in this report came from any lower and more tuiiahlu source, I should feci myself niithoriz'd to vent my Indiana' mn in any form of phrae which nvirht express my Fcorn of Ps maliirnity. nnd detestation nt Us hi sehnnd osien. tr, in what srt terms a lieisleture thinks proper to record a libel upnu its co State, and npnn tho morals nnil manners nf a whole sect ton ol thcUnion. represented here by more than twenty Senators : 'The anarchy and disorder that now prevails in the south the apparent over throw of late of her own e. n-.tntitionil and l. eal harriers errcte.l fir the security of Ihe citizen-, anil the seemm?; want of pow er in her proper au'hnniies lo re-establish 'hem tin tl'eeal outrages which hor own cii!7.eiHiH well as those from the free states hive tuff-red for the lat two or iliree years in th" Minib, nM, to wlnc!i,it weuli! appear, up to this note they are ox posed, oni ruees thai, "so far as your com inittee have iho means of inforina'tion. have in many iiHtanein been provoked by nn honorable advocacy of liberty and icon detiina"ion of slavery not less honorable, or n suspicion that the one vas honored pud ihe other detested nti aoes that have been passed by unpunished anil unnoticed by tho proper tribunals wli-re 'hey have been por. pel ra'ed these and other fearful sacrifices of iinnortant interests hy the nonh, de mand, ol by I he south to he offered up for He security of her peculiar HHtitirion "h" mi render that she a-ks from ih of tho frrrdom of speech, the liberty nf the presi, the i'j;ht of prtitmn all Hiumj' united, in spire your coinuiiilee with a well founded apprehension that Iho additional weiolu winch ihe annexation of Texas to the Uni ted Stnte-i wou'd tvo to the slavchnldinr: interest in our political oreainy.Hinn, would tu all probability, soon lead either lo a dis. solution nf the Union or lo the political de-o-rndaiion of the free slates, ami eventually in the r nt t ro overthrow of their common liberties." Mr. President, when lanouicc nf this kind i issued from Hie rabid press oft he aboliiioni,-ts, fimn wIiihc healed and nar row minds, iininennino; vituperation nnd sweepin;- vio'enco are ihe natural nfisprinjr, it miy lie regarded with pity and contempt. When ullerud by a ineildhii'.' priest, upon whose weaknes- and vanity the cnnlnopin of every mipal dt-eae from Europe- first seiv.es. it tit.i v b" f-d down to affectation, or ton maudlin benevolence. If uttered by any "enlleman here, il would be pronounced false, scandaloiM, nnd libellous; but comiiio; from a sovereign -tale, il nn-rbt not ho lliooht decorous lo eharae'erf. i it in this wnj ; and, therefore the report fhould nol bn tectived hv the Senate, Mr. President, we of lhe?otiii hnvp nf late been so liabiiiial'v subjected to attack, that wo grow burdened; but what is worses'.