Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, March 2, 1838, Page 2

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated March 2, 1838 Page 2
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f 4 the cars of gentlemen nro 60 accustomed lo hear us denounced that they listen to it as n matter ol' course, ntid nro really surprised if nr.v symptom nf sensibility ba manifested by us. It is thought st range, end indeed reprehensible in us to use the words iticon diary, fanatic, &.C., while the known mode rnt ion nml good temper nf the senators from Vermont nre not nt nil shucked by the Inn yunjirt npplu'd to in in this memorial. Mr. President, the justice, the policy, thocuur. trey, nndl bad nlmiul said Ihe humanity of of this body eliuuld not suffer us to bo thin calumniated and vilified. Wcenitnot stand it; we outrht not: yon degrndu Iho body bv listening to such nMncks, and ymi force upon us the melancholy trnlh ilint our rit'hls nml leolings being disregarded here, wo must look lo ourselves for proleulinn ; and I am compelled to cay. that my delibe rate conviction is, that the South must pro tcct herself in this matter nl iibnlil ion by Jier ihvii separate and sectional action. Mr. President. I do not iliiuk that this legislative libel should be tecorded on your journals. If noihiinr else should deter yon from pointing tho records of tbo Senate by this foul aspersion of so many ciczcus and so many s'ntcs. let the Senate reflect ihat it iiink'ps. itself n parly to the libul by in Kcnbmg it upon the journals and pcrpetii ntcs an account of a largo portion of this nation which is altogether untrue ; for, fir, I must be permitted to loll you, that thee is not ona word of truth In this defama tion. On the contrary, for honesty and lienor, for private and public faith, fur mor ula and religion, for go id order, and obedi ence to Hie laws, neither this n t any other ago or country has surpassed tin southern states. There has not been within their borders na much blood and burning, cither from servile insurrection or popular frenzy, as disgraced the peaceful city of Huston in one night, and in their whole history, nil the irregularities put together, have not equalled the frenzy am! violence which tit this instant hamulus down all law, human n in! divine, along the whole Canadian hue of Vermont. Mr. White, of Tennessee, made some remarks of the same tenor. Mr. I'nx.vriss said, that in strictness, the resolutions only could bo considered as the proper acts of the legislature The Legislature is not responsible for every on guarded term, if there are any nich, Used in the report of its committee. If, on se vere scrulinv, on nice verbal criticism, it may be discovered that the report contains gome exceptionable phraseology, it is sulh cicnt lo say, that the Legislature is not answerable for every expression which ihe fervor of the committee may have led them to adopt. It cannot be supposed that the Legislature of any Slate, in any of its proceedings, would intend tn treat with disrespect any portion oT the Union. The presumption is. and should be, the other way. Hut, (con'inucd Mr. V.) I can see nothing in the report at nil impeaching, or intending to impeach, in the slightest de free, the general character of the South, either for virtue, intelligence, or patriotism. It speaks, to bo sure, of the evils of slavery, and notices, in somewhat emphatic terms, eonio instances of lawless violence and out rage as growing out of it, but it does not mention these outrages as a general charge against the People, or urge them as at all characteristic of Iho Sou'h. I do not feel myself called upon (said JIr. P.) to defend any of the propositions contained in the resolutions. If they need any defence, which I am by no menus wil ling lo admit, it would bo quite useless to enter into any discussion of their truth or correctness at tins tunc, and particularly of the proposition which assort the power of Congress to abolish slavery iu this District. That question was fully argued and debat ed here two or three years since. I then delivered my opinion upon it at length, and I have no inclination to argue it now, es pecially as the son.-e of this body was ex prossed in favor ot the power by a very do cided vote. Sir, gentlemen have chosen to repeat their uncourtcnus remarks. Though I may lament this. I shall ueilhcr complain, nor allow myself to make any uncourtcnus reply. But I mu-t be permitted to say, that if all are fanatics, and deserve to be so called, who hold principles and entertain opinions adverse to slavery, you mu-t mini ber among this condemned, repudiated, and cnsl-nil'class men some of the snuuilurt brads and purest hearts in every civilized country. England, with all her boa-led fame for learning, with all her high renown for litornture and science, K according to tho conceptions of gentlemen, thn very seat of ignorance and fanaticism. Her poets, -and orators, nud philosophers, ami divnicn, with her long and luminoiu list of enlight ened jurists and sagacious statesmen, are, after nil, bill ignorant fanatics, miserable agitators. Nay, more. Europe, most of the entire Chri-iinn world, cannot escape condominium. Even the people of this daveh Iding District are not exempt from the imputation, They, too, must come in for their share of denunciation, as gentle men will see from a document to winch I will for n moment ask their attcniinn. The document is nothing more or ies than n petition lo Congress fn in citizens of the District of Columbia, presented in I82!i, praying lor thn abolition of slavery in the District. Tho petitioners, idler premising that they beg leave to call the attention of Congress "to an evil of serious magnitude, which greatly impairs Ihe prosperity and happiness of the Diatnct, nml casts the re proach of inconsistency upon the frcu inti tutiono established among us," proceed to cay : "While the laws of the United States denounce the foreign slave-trade ns piracy, ond punish with dt.it h tlioiij who urn found engaged in its perpetration, thorn exists in this District, tho seat of the National Gov 8mmont, a domestic slayo trade, scarcely less diigraceful in Uf. character, and even more demoralizing m iis influence. Pur this is not, liko tho former, carried on against a barbarous nsliun ; its victims are roared up among the Peoplo of this coun try, educated in the prccepu of the name religion, and imbued with similar domestic attachments. These people nre, without their consent, torn from their homes: bus oand and wife nro frequently separated and sold into distnnt parts; children are taken from their parents, without regard to the ties of nature; ami tho most endearing bonds of ufl'tjcliou are broken fjrevcr. Nor is this traffic confined to. those who r.ro Je gtlly slaves for life. Somo who nre enti tled to freedom, nnd many who have a limited lime to nerve, are sold into uiicoti dttionol slavery ; nnd, owing to Iho defec tiveness of our laivs, t hoy aro generally carried out of the District before the neces sary steps can be taken for their release. We behold Iheso scones continually taking place among us, ami lament our inability lo prevent i hem " Sir, you have here a picture of the evils of the ulavo trade, as carried on in this Di-lricl, drawn by men who could hnvo had no roticc ivahle inducement to give, it too high or too strong n coloring. They lived in the inidsl of the traffic, know its uhuH's, nud had no possible motive to mis represent or exaggerate. A'ter speaking of its enormities, it '3 detestable atrocities, which, 1 fear, havo undergone no mitigation since they add 5 "Wenienwuro of tho difficulties that would attend any attempt to relieve us from these gnevavces by a sudden emancipation ot the slaves in this District, nnd we would, l horefore.'ue far from recommending so rash n measi'iro. Hut the course pursued by many of the Slates of this Confederacy, that lmvc happily succeeded in relieving themselves from n similar burden, together w iih the bright example which hn- been set us by the South American Republics, proves, most conclusively, that a course of gradii.il emancipation, lo commence a some fixed period, and to take efieet only upon 1 linu wh.i may thereafter be born or removed into the District, might be pur-ued without detriment to the present proprie tors, and would greatly redound to the prosperity nnd honor of our country. The existence am mg 11? of a distinct class of people who. by thir condition as slaves, aro deprived of almost every incentive lo virtue and industry, and shul out from many of the sources of light and knowledge lias nn evident tendency to corrupt the morals of the People, and to damn the spirit of enterprise, by accustoming the rising generation to look with eonicmpt upon hones' labor, and to depend upon the labor uf others It prevents n useful and indus trious class of people from settling among 11s, by rendering the means of Fiib-isienee more precarious lo the laboring class of whites. It diminishes the resources of I lie community, by throwing the earning ofthe poor into the coders of Ihe rich; thus run. deriug the former dependent, icrvile, nud improvident ; while the latter are tempted to become, iu the same proportion luxuri ous nnd prodigal. That the-e disastrous results flow fioin the existence of slavery among us is sufficiently conspicuous, when we contrast the languishing condition ol tins District, and the surrounding country, with the prosperity of those pails ofthe Union which are less favored 111 point of climate nnd location, but blessed with n free nnd industrious population. Wo would, therefore, respectfully pray that these grievance' may claim (lie attcniinn of your honorable body, and that n law of Congress may bo enacted, declaring that oil children of slaves, born in the District of Columbia alter the fourth day of July, 13215, shall be free at the age of twenty-five years." This petition, which also prays thnt laws may be enacted to prevent the introduction of slaves from abroad, is signed by eleven hundred nud six citizens of this District, comprehending, as may be seen from the list of names annexed, n large portion of the most respectable and enlightened men in it; men of property and business, men of all classes and callings, professional men, men holding hgh judicial and other ollicial stations. , Sir, it has often been asserted, it lias been repeated on ibis floor from time to time, that those who send resolutions and peii tiriiis here for the abolition of slavery in this District are not only intermeddling with that which docs not concern lliem, but are asking for a measure opposed to the wishes and interest ofthe Peopls ofthe District. From the document I have read, you have seen, not only that this is a mis take, but, what is more immediately lo the purpose, that the People of this District can speak as freely and as strongly on the Mibjoct of slavery, as the Legislature ol Vermont, or as any of your memorialists If the People of Vermont arc lanatics for holding thn opinions they do, m nre the Peopto of this District, and so are uio-t of the -ivihzcd and enlightened nations of the earth. Mr. Calhoun said, as a Stale Rights man, he thought thn S'ate of Vermont lud u right to appear here; he considered him self hound tu regard that right and did not intend to argue against 't. He could not go against receiving these resolution?. How then should ho nci! CnuUl he vole lo receive them? This was unpis-ible. The language of the report, which was a part of the proceedings, was such, that it was iinpos.-ible ihal he, representing n por tion of the slaveholding Stales, could vote for their reception. Ho could, therefore, act neither one way nor the oilier, hul must leave gentlemen to dispose of them us they iiiigln think proper. It was owing to this difficulty, in pari, tn.it he had brought forward cntinier-reso-lotions, for the purpose of freely express mg all his opinions on the subjects to which they related, He saw Hint the que.-tiuu of receiving and laying on the table the Vermont, resolutions would not so iully try the Senate, and he was there fore reduced lo tho ueces-uy of presenting counter resolutions. Placed as he was. it was impossible lor him to violate his pnn cipleB on ibis subject, whether they rela. ted to this Government or to the cover eiguty of Vermont He could not vole agaitbt receiving ; nnd, calumniated as the South were by this report, he cuuld not vote for its reception, Mr. Roam; said hn felt himself, by the cnursolhis subject has taken, planed' 111 11 delicate and novel position, nud ho begged leave, before Iho question was put, to ex plain the ground he meant In occupy; I shall bo very brief, (said Mr. It..) as I am sure the Senate is weary of the discussion. At a very early period of this session. I look occa-ion to express my opinion fully, freely, unreservedly, and sincerely, about this right of the People to petition Congress lo abolish slavery 111 this District or else where : ami it is because 1 do not clmosn that any course I may take, iu regard 10 the question now about to lie decided by tho Senate, I shall bring into doubt or discredit till) opinions I then expressed, that I avail myself of the present moment most solemnly to declare that my best re lleclion, nnd all my observation of the course of this subject in this Chamber and elsewhere, havo but strengthened and con firmed my conviction that nn man, or set of men whatever, havo the least, right to petition Congress to abolish, or 111 any manner impair, that which Ihe CoiHlitutlnn has established or sanctioned; in oilier words, 1 lint nothing can bo a grievance ol that article of the Constitution guarantying the right of petition, which tho constitu tion ilself creates! and that supposed grieo' antes of this character can only be retires scd by amending, in the appointed and legitimate mode, the "supreme law" which creates tliem, and not by petition in an or (Unary legislature sworn to support Ihul law. Hut, Fir, the papur which the Sena lor from Vermont (Mr. Swift) now offers to this body, is not n petition. No, sir; if it was, not either its manner or its matter, iu form or ils substance, would allow me to hesitate a single moment in saying mi to its reception. It is, Mr. President, I am sorry lo say it.Jthe act, the deed, the re solve of the Legislature of a sovereign Stale ancient member of this glorious' Confederacy the first nff prmg of the Union of the good old thirteen S'alos. Shall I vote lo refuse her paper, pru-cnted by one of her Senators ? No, sir; I can not. The whole tone, tonor, and habit of my political opinions forbid such n course except in extronie cases. Hut, on the other hand, can I vole to receive this paper, and place it on the records of the Senate.' No, sir. I cannot do thnt; every consider!)-, lion regarding good manners, conciliation, moderation, and decorum, which i's lan guage and temper disregards and violates, forbids me from giving my voice for its re ception. The Legislature of Vermont, in its zeal and fury about tins vile subject of abolition, have permitted themselves to overstep those bounds of moderation and decorum which mark the intercourse be tween all friendly uaiious, and have, at all times and under all circumstances, adorned that bet ween the Governments of this Confederacy. If, sir, any individual or individuals pro lent a petition to this body on a subject about which all agree lliey may of tight petition, they are required to couch it in language uecorous, respectful and proper, and the Senator who presents it is supposed to guaranty that it is so couched. And why, sir, should a Slate Legislature, in its communications to either House of Con gress, or to another S'ate Legislature, not observe those sound rules of propriety and deoruin which marl; the intercourse of all well-regulated societies nud civilized na tions? I feel a conviction, amounting to absolute knowledge, that this report nnd resolution- of the Legislature of Vermont do most grossly misrepresent the character, opinions, feelings, conduct and institutions ol the People of the Southern or slave holding Sintes. Am I then, under euch circumstances, to yield to 'hose feelintrs of political courtcoy which the State of Ver mont has been the first to disregard, and vote for the reception, and thereby endorse a paper which casts a foul stigma on the land of my nativity ; on my ancestors ; their institutions; nnd the whole South ? No, sir; I cannot, I ought not, and 1 will not. And being thus shunted, 1 find myself, Mr. President, constrained to lake a ground which I have never before occupied, and which I had not supposed it possible any combination of circumstances could induce me to assume ; that is, to yield lo the sug gestioo of tho Senator from Alabama, (Mr. Ki.NG.)nnd stand mute not vole. I sincerely wish that all iho Senators from the South could sec fit to adopt this suggestion, nnd thus leave this paper to the entire control and management oft hose from iho North. Sir, die Senator from Vermont who presents ibis paper says he only does so because it comes to him from his Legislature; that ho only asks to have it received by the Senate and laid upon the tnble, not again to be called up. Hul, sir, it should bo recollected by the Senate thai 0U3 of its resolutions instructs the Senators from Vermont lo use their influ ence with this body to perfect the objects ofthe others against the admission of Tex as into the Union, because Texas contains slave-', for the abolition of slavery 10 this Diitricl, ami tiie trade 111 slaves between tho Southern Sintes. Now, sir, can these Senators h ive exerted their influence by merely gaining the reception of this paper and laying it mi the lahle? If tin 1 r in siiuciiun is obligatory iu pari, is it net so 111 whole ? I. for one. am desirous that the reception, refercmc. and action 011 the tub jeul should be entirely left to ihe control and respon-iinlil v of Senators from the non-slaveholiling States. After they had received it, 1 would, on the question reference, insist that it should go 10 n coo,- milieu selected from aiming themselves, nt composed of ihoso mm favorable lo ab) lit im. from the report of such n cot,. (ii it t co I should expect at least two gof results. In the first place, we should iwio in uncipiivocal and irrevocable terms v we nru to expect from our Jfnrlhcrn In rcn on this subject ; howhr they mean

go; what they intend lo do ; what is 7, viseiij tiieir otiject ti 11 11 means o arcompl mom : Ihcv would have 10 41010 their hit. Iu the next place, 1 should confidently Hint a committee I litis constituted ol lors who nre iu Ihe daily habit 0 and Irieiidly imeieuiirse with tin repre.-ent the Southern Sintes 011 II would not. iu nuv rcnorl they mu'li fuil to rebuke, with becoming do'int spirit, iho source from whence came unfounded attack on the character, feeling and institutions ol the people or the Smith. The quotum 011 laying the motion to receive the resolutions on the tabiu was now decided 111 the negative Yens I", nays 12C ; ami Ihe resolutions were then reee.ved and laid 011 the table, the inulton to print having been withdrawn. CLAY AN!) CALHOUN. Washing ion, IVh. 20 Tim following i a brief rki'trh of Hiui pun of Mr. Cl.ij'r .Speech or. ihe piiIj. ti e.isiny bill wliicli Mr, C.illioiui consiJeied as "lailicr ncifunal." "Mr. Clav said, that ihu drawer of lids hill is lo hit found ill lliu Whim 1 1 onso, Imt iliu hill hn met n idi a eiy unexpected acceptor In 1 tin Senate, in I lie pci'fnn nf 1 1 iu tjenilnr lion) tioulll O.uolin 1. WI1.1t iho di'itucr iliiiika of 1I10 acceptor, liisilinr acteiNlic. minion and reserve, picicnta in from exactly kuo wing. What die acceptor thinks of ihe drawer, lie has himself proclaimed, limes with - out number, in 1I10 hearing of iho Snialn 1 nml it was but .1 short lime since thai Im declared him to bo wanting in nil llicnoblo nlliiluiic. ol ilia king- of me lined, nnd iu retcnililc "Hie meanest and most hulking mm'iiI nrnon" llic citindriineils." I hntc lately seen, ami lead Willi pain, n most inm-OKiiiiio iKiciiinenl Mt, u.illioim's KiUPhehi l.eller,) in which the Suu.itor fnmi tiniilh Ciooliu.i slit's Iho ieiiniis for bis cmirjn. Il neeini lli.il, in Ids opinion, ilic vielory which Ids Whig nllies, n hn rails lliem, ueie 11I10111 to ncbicte, wonlj nut emtio lo him nnd party 5 nnd, llieiufuie, in the trry I1r.1t nf ihe fiiujisjle, lifter ,'iclin" with them for je.ns, he suddenly dcseits and (,'oes ocr lo die conmi'ii) enemy, D.iy niter day, iliu Senator from fjmi.'h Carolina with 11 ili-m.il eniintcitn.ire, li.nl doled out hi com lil.iiuls ng.iiiHt din r.oi nipt ions of iho limes, dm ilmvavvaid (:ouiu of die ndunui-liation, and llin ncopMily nf tho ino'l iirileill and anim Mniah's a?.iint iliepitiiv iu power a p.uly rlniloued by liiiii-ell'ihe spoil party 10 pi event lliem from It"1 I'llly luinin;' ilu; eutinliy. To myself, who am 11 it nnilly inclined In look ill ihe lnij;lil sido id tilings, lliu slaleii.euls nnd llin denunciations ofllio tic lor fiiiMi .South Coolina, li.uu sometimes seemed a lillle rxngnrritlt'd ; but at iho moment when die Rieat otiject lor which lie hail unified in our com pany, u iih m) many siglia and le.irs, nnd Midi ,1 pl.liiuiw! nssi'liiilj, at the luoinenl, when dial Rin.il object was about lo be iiecoinpliphcd, Ilu; Sen ilnr deserts us, because llin iciory will not emtio lo Ii im nml bis p.uly ! To him .mil bis pany 1 Was i; for personal nnd parly ohji'i'U that tin engaged w ii Ii in in llils snug gle ? I thought it had been in lebitke iisuipalioti, 10 rectify aim. es, t take finm I lie- "spoils puny" lite possession of llio government which lliey had so sli.imrfulK' 1niMi1.01.1gfd. I'lic.-e I Mippnvcii to have been die objects fir which wo wcie allied, fs'ot so, tlie gentleman finm .Smith (,'atolni.i. He saw tli.it die victory would not eniue. to biin nml bis parly, an. I llieiel'oK!, it was necessary for him nutl lliem In go over lo llin oilier side I Aeeoidiiigly, he and ho paily in iho ."Sen ile, boisn, foot, nml diiigoous, ilc-i;ileil iheir old allies, nml went over 10 the can ine liul ill 11 pany, ibo'e liosie, loot, nud diagoous, elsislci! ineielv of dm. .Senator hiui-nlf! Im took Ids gun and bis knapsack, ami to bin 10 w a pliratn oloiy m iile famou by smother gin it leader of tho party lo which In- lias now joined bim-elf, "fohlaiy and alone," ho de.-rned lo llm lanks of llie enemy I The. earliest iuMance which hi-loiy affoid us of 11 ipt.niul among allies tool; pi, ice dm in:: the Ii t ij 10 war, and is sung and eelelualeil in tin: Ilia. I, Achilles, tie aie.it champion of iho (iim k", with diuiv liimsilf hum die field of bailie, nml nilTeied llin 'I'li'jan- under lliu hemic. Hector to make, hawjr. among his "licmlj. Achilles, however, hail 1e.1l "r laiicied wnngs 10 complain of, audio mge. as a jusifie,iii')ii of hi" conduct. We did no wiong lo lliu .Senator finm .Sonlli Carolina. We icceived him with etidiahty and kindness; we le-pectetl bis eminent abilities, bis acknow ledged genius, his long exp(.'iience,liis supposed pa i ioiism, and mote ill 10 all, that st-in nml indexible fidelity lo los fiicoils which wn inagiiied 10 make a pan of his character. Achilles simply w iibdiew hun.-elf fioin llif war, I he dt. I not go over lo llin ranks of the Trojans and point bis ipear miaia.-t bis f inner Ii tends. The I geiiilein.o, fiom .Siiiilh Carolina desertul to lliu ranks of iliu "-poiN p 11 ly," and like a de.-crler, ! he went mer distrusting anil distrusted. Wheth er, (if ie lliu emu pc ol Ins connection w iih his new 1 fi lends, Im should find that llin victory is not likely . to mime lo linn,) il is pal 1 of los intent ion to de.-ei I I lliem .1U0, thai is 11 point, the iitljtijlinenl of which is best Mi to 1 lie high eoiiiiaeliug parties. Ilr. Calhoun. 1 have 1 isen only lo make a sin- gin 1 em. nk at this this liui". While llie Senator t Ii (Jin Kentucky was speaking, I did not think pio I per to iiileuiipl him ; hut I owe it to nnacll'to say I llt.il lite Senator iliiougbout has mi.-staled, or for goticn my argument. In my own good time, I shall attend 10 thn Senator, mid when I do, bulb his ar I gnme.nl and those lemaiks which wercpeisou.il . ill. ill be iaid in full. Mr. Clay, As 10 the question whether I have I mi.-staHtl or forgotten the aigument uf llie Senator , ft 001 S0111I1 Coolina, I shall leave that 10 I lie tie 1 cisiou of 11 mine iinpanial tribunal than llie Sena tin I appeal tn llie . Senate. As to paying iu full, ' I ran only say, llial 1 .-hall liens leatly 10 leceivc I as ho will be 10 pay. 1 seek collision will) no gen tlemen, I thall avoid none wiih ihe Senator iiom South Carolina. I' It 1 I) A V M OHM N G , MA It C II Wo have given up our columns; to-day, almost exclu-ively to lliedecatc in the Sen nte on the Vermont resolutions. It will Ui'iT.ii Ca.aa. Humours, in almost every imaginable variety, havo been rife the past week in regnrd lo llie western front ier. According lo these reports, llrockville, Kingston, Toronto and Maiden have all fallen into the hands of thej Patriots; but we apprehund the British flagj still waves at all these places. There is no 1 doubt, however, that there is n movement 1 perhaps concerted nlong tho wlinlc! frontier. Detroit papers assure us t hn l the Patriots bad embodied in that vicinity, two thousand strong, and were to enter the Provinco at or near Maiden on a 1 given day. Wo copy a rumour bolnw that ,., , , ,, . , .. . , , "inl Ploco has fallen into their hands. M'Kcnzio is nt the head ol a considerable force, opposite IJrockvillo, and it is said, will enter Canada at that point. Tho Kingston paper of the 21st says, however, that every preparation has been mode to meet any nttnek on that place, nnd that Iroops ore pouring in on all sides. A de tachment of regulars bus oeon Edit from Montreal lo this point The Huflalo Star of Saturday last, con tains the following report, which, however, requires confirmation. Yesterday's mail brought us nothing, pro or con, on the subject. "A gentleman is now in our fifhYe, who catno di iccllv Iiom IJ. Canada, and states that lie saw there as tiiiinv us fifteen or sixteen wounded Itrili.di sol- dins viht) 10 rived in two sleigh? direct from Midden. The battle was said to have been fought on Sunday evening, nud "GO Itrili Ii snltlieis unit: killed. He left Hamilton nhnul On', lot k last evening, It was sittl mat l int ainltlen anil all llie uilliiiiry stoics had fallen into the hands of die patriots." Governor Jcnison is now at the north, and has called out a port ton of the Frank. hn county militia. An express went to Vcrgenncs for arms Wednesday evening, and several loads of guns passed through town vestcrdav morning for the frontier. Great excitement prevails on the line. The neutrality bill makes no headway in the House A letter from Washington ofthe 24th, says, that the house was again engaged llie whole day in debating the bill to enforce our neutral relations. That the bill from the Senate on this subject was rejected and then reconsidered ; that after further debate, the bill, wilh all the stibsli lutes, amendments, &c. were referred to the Committee on Foreign Uelatior.s, for tlie uirpo-e of enabling lliem to make on 'Experiment" at patching up some kind of a bill, that might possibly meet the view of the House, and then the House adjourn ed. Fatal Dur.r, A duel took place nt Washington, on tlie21ih nit. between Mr Cilly of Maine, and Mr. Graves, nf Ken tucky, bolli members of Congress, which resulted in the deatli of the former. Il seems that Mr. Cilly had cast some impu tations upon tlie Editor of the N. Y. Cotir. ier and Inquirer which led to a challenge from the latter, of which Mr. Graves wos the bearer. Cilly refused to accept it. Wiicrcupon Graves made the quarrel hi own, and sent Mr. C. a challenge in his own name, which was accepted. Hides were used, at fifty paces. On tlie fourth fire, Mr. Cilly fell, mortally wounded, and expired in a few in. nines. Montreal, Feb 20 Wo insert tho charge delivered by His Honour the Chief Justice to the (hand Jury, at Iho commencement of the Crimi nal Term of the Court of King's lieneh for tnis District, on Saturday last. The extent to which 11 enlarges 011 the Law of Treason, seems to justify the prevalent impression, 'hat some of the prisoners occitsed uf political offences are to be hand r-d over bv Iho Military authorities lo Ihe jurisdiction of the Court. Our Quebec cotemporaries say. itial tins experiment is o be made with the parties charged with Jhu murders of Weih and Cimhtram). How far this suggestion mov be correct, jwc have no means of judging. DIED In Bolton, Vt.,on Wednesday morning, die 21st ill., Mr. John Sto.nt., (laiherd die IMitor of lie I latlfbuigli Kepiililicau,) aged (u e.ir.--. Il is due lo the memory of die deceased 10 sav, hat in the endearing nnd lesponsiblt! lelalion of iiisbantl, fallier iiii l cmen, tits cuutltict was e Miiplaiy, ami uonlij of iho imitation of all who Aoultl lead ouiel, itno-lentaiinus lives. He oos kes-etl tho deepest afleciinn of his family, and his nor. 1 1 and political lionesly gamed lor loin lliu :-oiifiil"ueo ami icspcel of Ins neighbors and fellow-nun-men. I'bu le.-limmiv of fiicmlsnr lel.ttives, hough not aluajs 10 he depended on without the iildiliou of oilier evidence, form nerc.-sat'ily an ngiedient iu die estimate, of every characlcr ; for licit- am a thousand ciieiimstuuees loo miuiiln to stnku din distant uli-etu-i, wlurii me ntuei ilieles? 100 nnpoi lanl to he oei looked when we attempt 10 exhibit ii 1 .1 1 1 1 1 1 ti I liKene-s nl Hie human hen 1. A II who knew .Mr. S. will ngiee in tepicscnling lis life tinder 101 ;i-pcci llie most amiable. His iiianueis 111 llie luliieineni 01 Home, weic as mild anil conciliating as his principles in lliu more enlaiged lelalions of socieiy ucie liberal and up liighl. In I'lallshuruh. on lliu 20ih tilt., Major Ceneinl IIe.njamin Mookp.s, in die SOih year of his age. Ill V.tiat Inn eli on liic-'Jlsl lilt, ft.'v . 3liw-a I'.ir- niefce, pastor of die 'J011g1eg1tion.il Church in 'that place, aged .19 yeais. In .Mi lion, 011 lliu IU1I1 ult., James Thomas, n"cd j62. ItoniN.-o.v I'Y.uniss Grand Isle County vs. Court, Sept. Term Hi.isiia HoAiin.M.vN. ) A. D. 11107. SSnTIIKIlKAS Uohinson Ferriss of Grand Vv Isle, in said Grand l-le County, com menced bis action agaiu-t Hhshn Hoard mini, of Milwnukie. n Oinscoiisin Tern lory, at the April Term Mitt of said Court, declaring against Iho said Iioardmnii in an action on IS nek to balance ilook accounts which said cause was duly entered on the docket of said court ot the said April Term. iu:t7, and ha been continued until the present Term of said court. And il not lining made to appear lo said court that said lloardman has had personal notice of the service nnd pendency of this suit it is ordered by said court that further notice bo given of the pendency thereof, by pub lishing tho substance of the Plnmtiirs declaration in llie ''Ilurliugton Free Press," apapor primed at Htulingtnn, thrco weeks successively, tho Inst of which to he thirty days before tho sitting of said court nl their next Term, which shall bo deemed siiflicicnt notice to said Honrdmun lo ,n'p pear and and answer thereto. Dated at North Hero, in said Grand Isle County, this 2-tth day of Feb. A. D., IG3U. JOK'L ALLION, Clitic. 1 UK period for receiving proposals for STONE for the Breakwater is ex tended to llm first day of April 1U38. N. 11. II AS WELL, U.S. Agent. ,fn . .NOTICE. THE Annual Town Meeting will be holdon nt the town room in Hurling Ion, on Monday the l-2tti day of March next nt 10 o'clock A. M. February 20. tn3R. rip HE subscriber's largo new Hrick Store, JL at the Falls, Winonski Village. As the Hroatlelolh Factory will ptohably start this spring, il will bo Iho host location in this part ofthe country. SIDNEY HARLOW. Hmlingtrm. March, ll, 1I!3!J. JJost business stand in Town wmi 9 AMU THE subscriber oilers, for sale the Slorc House in Church st., recently occu pied by I). W. Ingcrsoll & Co nnd at presei.'l in the occupancy nf Lovely & Ab bod. Fo?.ession given 1st August next terms of payment to suit the purchaser. J. S. POT WIN. BEGS leave to make 0 lender of his services to the Ladies and Gentlemen of ijiirlingiou ns a teacher of the nbovo brnneh. Relying on llie .sterling merit of Ins mode of touching, he takes the liberty of directing the ntteiuion of llie enlightened inhnbiiants ol'tlns Village to Ins efficacious and very speedy system of rendering tbo most indifferent and illegible scrawls pur fcclly plain and beautiful, in twelve Les sons of two hours each having proved that lime sufficient to render his pupils per fect. Certificates of the same (rom ihe most di-linginsiod authors in Massaclm otis, New Hampshire, New York and Vermont, may be seen at Mr. W.s writing mom. School will commence Monday the fith of March. Classes meet daily from 10 lo 12. A. M. or from 2 lo 4 P. M. Evening Clast from 7 to 9. Terms, for 12 Lesson-.. i,00. Writing academy nt the Green Mountain Ilou-e. kepi by Hi L. Gi'mnn. first door at thn bend of Hall stairs. Hurl iiij'on. Marrh I. IIJ38. HOTEL. HUGH COUKLUY '5. TAKES ilu liberty to infortn pVitjiuf I. is Im mer patrons and the hmlvSi public at largo, that lie had MM fitted up the lr ILL AG 11 HOTEL in a Myte it -1 inl'nur to any public house 111 lliu eapi'al of Verinont, and ho flitter hiin-ull 1 hut by unremitted exertion and assiduous attention to business, he will be able at all times to accommodate tlie gen tleman of business, gentlemen of pleasure, and the weary traveller, in a style not sur passed for accomodation and reasonable ucss of lare bv any in the states. BATES OP PARS. ISoiirdiiiir, $3 per week. Single meal 25, hidjjing 12 2 horses, hay and oatH 75. 1 horse, buy, 25. Monnielier. Feb. UiSfi. tf TO A FE1 IrX. men Haverhill tune pa-', lor " liuli it for my merchao -packed 10 everv box M E Ii C II A N T S . ;& a nusTEi r LOW, nn-wering lo the cngnn ol Isaac Pike, a hawker of Scythe Stones, liavinjj. sotnii sold Haverhill Scythe Stones, 111 Pond Scythe Stones-," J deem interest, to liilurm iurehn.inr llial those stone- ,irj sicurelv lots of 0 doz. each; and that is tnarkid 111 printed letters, INDIAN POND v. it. i v 1,1: it, Brndfmd, Vl If said Pike has. in any instance, in ma king sales of his scythe stones, represented them as the same sold by O. R. Fyler, ho has uttered falsehood am! practised fraud in so doiusr. O. R. FYLER. Bradford. Vl. Feb. 1I13H ELLXj! AIN'T FURNITURE. Tin HE -iibfcriber ofl'ers at private tale JL at Im iioine. from 1 Ins tlnte to the 1st of April next for approved paper the follow ing articles of household furniture, via : 2 Mahogany Grecian Sofas, hair cloth trimmed. 1 curl maple do. 2 Curl maple aimed Chairs to match. 1 superb sett Mahogany Dining Tables, in 3 pieces. 2 pillar claw ma hog. Hreakfast tables. 1 Mahogany and Rose Centre Table. 2 do. Pier tables, marble slabs. 1 large inabonaiiy Hook Case. 1 mahogany Secretary . I Forte Piano. 24 mahogany Chairs, hair cloth seating. 1 do. Rocking do. 1 dr.z, curl'd maple Ciiairs, hair seating. 4 dnz. fancy Gilt Chairs. 2 splendid gilt Looking Glasses noarly 8 feet 111 length; and others of various sizes. I English Astral Lamp, cut glass shade. 1 French do. plain I pair Hronze and Gilt Mantle Lampa with bhades. 1 do. do. Hrilliants. 2 sett Mantle Flower Vases, with shades, 1 marble French mantle U day Clock. 4 pair Hra-s Andirons, Shovel and tonga. 2 superb brass Fire Fender. 2 Hrussell Carpels and Hall Carpet to match. 1 do. do. for a room 16 by IS feet. Sin ir carpel and rods. 3 Engli.-h carpets, and rugs. 1 pair ottomans, yellow silk. 3 mahogany Hurenus. High and low post Hedstcads. 1 elegant gilt China dinner service, con taming 2G0 pieces. 1 gilt China lea sett. Cut glass Decanters, tumblers, wines, liowies, celery ami preserve nislies, vvc. 1 Sheffield plate cofl'ee Urn, silver edges. 2 pair do. do. Cake Haskcts. do. do. I do. do. Servers. do. do. wilh other articles, and also articles of kitchen furniture, stoves, ftc. Sec. J. S. POT WIN. Rurlinijlnu, March 1. 1833. BROOMS. 600 Shaker Corn Brooms by ret), v.:, j. iv j. 11. teck a jo.