Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, April 27, 1838, Page 2

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated April 27, 1838 Page 2
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i (aetcr tlinn it comes in. ir Vi i Miouui nil men ii wnmu lorni, prncticnbli;. between money power. stain of law. wonlil purl of incident. In .vt.iiiiiii cvclnm (I. nil n I. . I. nces, upon that which you lo consider, Mr. ui'xt place, what my in i lie exnensos ni Mi I ho gentleman Iior so llVasod t'roni nil nccos , uiiu irnmieo cuusrquur i ) llic people ; not called at nil, the amount of nnntml ni'' nn nutiinntv lo cause es whenever it plonked, lr. like uliirli I tic nomitotis Noith li mi Ii ci ri o z c 1 1 loin.-1, lu pius lips D.uiati :" rati u restraint would ho imposed rtuncnt, now unuuiy sure wou lit ce ue iimiie or u. i nni ni is ex urea would tie sine v nulled to l ie utc anil intlisnensablo wan a o the kiii eir. luriuraiuiv. vcrv lariunme. v. Ill SCII 0VOUS. 13 In a V llonrnet n.i i n. Il rests on an ussumntmn. for which there i tint III.. Intel r..Mn'.ln.i.. : ....v ..... imii. .wu..uin iijii, UIHICr III ll'ilSOll or experience. It takes for granted thai which llie history of every cnmmerciiil fitnie refutes, nnd our own. especially, in almost every page. It supposes tliai'irrc dccmable Govcruincnt paper can circulate in lite business of society, ami he kept at par. This is an impossibility. The hon orable gentleman rejects convertible bank notes, which are equivalent lo specie, since they will nlwnys command it, and miopia, in their stead, Government paper, with no promise to piy. bti' a premise only lo be received for debts and laxe: mid ' he puis forth the imagination, as I have said, so often iiml so long refuted, that this paper will be kepi in eircnlat inn in the country, and will be able lo perform the great busi ness of currency and exchange, even though it. cxit in quantities exceeding, by many millions, t ho demands of Government. If it be ueces-ary, sir, at t his day, to Tofule ideas like these, i'. must it. because t!ie history nl all countries, our own tiiclu dud. is a dead letter to us. Even at the very moment in which 1 am speak'tig, the small amount of Treasury notes which has been iburd by Government, hardly a filih pari or tne ordinary annual rovenu iiiuugii iimse notes near an interest nl live I per cent though they are redeemable in enso m mo expiration ol the year and though, in the mean time, thev are cverv where received in Government dues, nre not only of less value than specie, hut of less value, also, than the notes of noti specie paying bunks: those hanks whoso paper is daily denounced as "rugs, filthy rags." In my opinion, sir, the whole scheme is ns visionary nnd impracticable ns any which the genius of ptoject ever produced. Mr. President, toward Hie close of this speech of September, I find a paragraph in which several other subjects are "brought together, and which I must ask permission to read. Having commended the wise mid noble bearing of tho little Slate rights parly, of which he says it is his pride to be a mem ber throughout tho eventful period through which the country has passed since lBSM, he adds : "In that year, ns I have sinled, the tariff system triumphed in the councils of the nations. We raw its disastrous political bearings; foresaw its surpluses, and the extravagancies lo wh ch it would lead; wo rallied on the election of the late Pres ident lo arrest it through Hie inlliienco of of the execulivo department of (lie Gov eminent. In this wo fulled. We then fell back upon the rights mid sovereignly of I he States ; nnd, bv the action of n smiill but gnllaut State, anil through the pntency of us inicrposiiion, we Drought the system to the ground, nistniticd, as it was, bv the opposition nnd the ndmini-iraiion, nnd bv the whole power nnd patronage of the Government." Every part, of this extraordinary state jnent well deserves attention. In I he first plnce, sir, hero is an open nnd direct avowal that the mniu object for rallying on General Jackson's firA nc'inn, wus to nccmuplish the overthrow of the proleciing policy of the country. Indeed ! Well, this is very fiank. I am Had to linar Hie avowal made. It puts an end to all suspicions. It wnsiben, to overthrow protection, was it. that the honorable gentleman took fo much pains lo secure General Jackson's first election ? I commend Ins candor, in now iicluiowleiJgtng it. Jjut, sir. the linn. ornhle'inember hail allies nnd nssocintes in that rally. They thronged round him Jrom nil quarters and followed his lead. mm pray, sir, was n is oiiCCl. ns HOW avowed by himself, the joint object of all the parly? Dul ho toll Pennsylvania, honest, intelligent, tlrnighl. forward Penn sylvania, thai such was his purpose ? And did Pennsylvania concur in it r Pennsyl vania was first mid foremost in espousing Hio cause of General Jackson. Every "n(ty known sho is morn of a tarifi'Stnte than nny other in the Union. Did lie tell her that Ins purpose wns lo break the tariff umireiy imwu? Did ho Mate his object u so, io new York .' Did he stato them to cw . erscy Vinl Gy you. gentlemen from Pennsylvania? gentlemen Iron, New ork ? and gentlemen fwm ftow .cril(,y Yo who supported C,,Wrn jncl;K(ll).ri ,,?. i on, who say you ? Wns your purpine, also, by thai elect ion. to brea'k down the protective policv ? Or. if n ,. . . ..!. .. purpose, did you know, nevertheless-nrav let us understand tliat- -did you k,,0W nevertheless, Hint it wits the purpose, nnd the main nnrpoae, of Ihu honorable member Irom Carolina ? and did you wtill co.opcraic with him ? The present Chief Mngistrtito of "io ronnlry was a member oi'lhw body in WViii. Ho and the honorable member Irom Caro lina were, nt Mint time, cxnrlitijr their united forces, lo thn utmost, in order to irini' nbout General Jackson's election. Did thev work Huh -zealously together, I fir the "snmo ultimate end and purpose? or did I hoy mean niorely to change I ho Government, nnd then each to look out fur himself ? .Mr. Van Burcn voted for the tariff bill of that year j commonly called the "bill of abominations ;" hut, very luckily, mid in extremely good season, iin'mc'iuii tor Hint vote happened Income from Albany! The vote, therefore, could he given, and I lie member giving it could not possibly thereby give nny offence to any gentleman of the Mtato.nghis party. Willi wnoiniiie uociritie if instructions is so milhcrilic. Sir. I will not do gentlemen injustice. Those who belongod to tariff State, ns thev nre called, nnd who supported Gen. Jackson for the Presidency, did not intend thereby to overthrow the protecting policy. They only meant to ni tikis General Jackson President, and to come into power along with linn ? As lo ultimate objects, each hndbisown. All could agree, however, in the first 6tcp. It wns difficult, certainly, to give n plans, bio appearance to n pohticnl union, among gentlemen who dtfi'ored so widely, on the great nnd lending question of the times the question of the protect ing policy, But this ilifiiculty was over come by the orncnlnr declaration that Gen. Jncksnn was in favor of a "Judicious Tariff." Here, sir, wns nmplo room and verge enough, Who could object to n judicious tariff? Tariff men and Anti-tariff men. St n't o-rights men and Consohdntinnisis, lho?o who had been called prodigals and those who had been called radicals, nil thronged and (locked together hero, and j with nil Iheir difference in regard to ultt. mate objects, agreed to make common cause, till they bhoiild go into power, The ghosts, sir, which are fnblcd to cross the Styx, whatever different hopes or pur poses they may have beyond it, still unite, in the present wish to get over, and there fore nil hurry and huddle into the leaky and s'inUereil craft of Charon, Ihu ferry man. And thismotlv throng of politicians, sir. with as much difference of final object, nnd as little care for each oilier, made a boat of "Judicious Tariff," and all rushed and scrambled into it, nut il they filled it, near to linking. The nuthoriiy of the maste" was able however, to keep them peaceable and in order, for the tunc, for they had the virtue of submission, and t hough with occasional dangers of upset ting, he succeeded in pushing them all over with Ins long setting pole. "Ilatem conto Mibigit.'' Well. sir. the honorable gentleman tells us that he expecicd, when Gen. Jackson should bo elected, lo arrest this tariff i-vh- I tem through the influence of the Executive Department ! Here is another candtd conicsMon. Arrest the tariff bv Executive infiuencc ! Indeed! Why, sir. this seems like hoping, from the first, for the use of the Veto. How, but by tho Veto, could the Executive nrresl the tnrilTuctH ? And is it true, sir. thni. ut that early day. the honorable member was looking to the Veto, not witli dread, but with hope ? Did he expect it, nnd did he rely upon it? Did he make the rnlly of which he spenks, in ouier thnt he might chouse n President who would cxercir-e il r And did he nlier wards cnmplnin of it, or does he complain of it now. only because it was ill directed because it turned out to be a thunderbolt, which did not fall in the right place ? In tbii reliance on Executive influence sir, I declare I hardly can trust myself that I read or quote correctly, when I find, in what. I read, or from whnt I quote, the honorable member from South Carolina, by his own confession, hoping or expecting to uccomplish any thing by hxecutivo in fluence; yet so was it rpoken, and so is il printed in this reliance, or ibis hope, or expectation, founded on Executive influ once, the honorable gent leiirin mid his friend- failed ; nnd. failing in this, ho says, they fall hack on the sovereignty of the Stales, nml brought the system to I he ground "through t he potency of interposi tion:" by which lie means neither more nor less thnu Nullification. So then, sir, according lo this, that cxee.-sivc fear of power which was so much cherished by the niilliliers, wasonly awakened to n flame in iheir bosoms, when they found that they could not accomplish i heir own ends by the Executive power of the President. I am no authorized commeutiitor, sir, on the doctrines or theories ol nullification. .Von nostrum. Hut if I his exposition bo authentic, I must say it is not calculated to diminish my opposition lo the seiUitnents of that school. lint the gentleman goes on to tell ns that nullification, or interposition succeed, cel. I5y means of it, ho snys, h did bring thu protect ivo sjvtem to Ihe ground. And so, in his published leltor of November :id, he suites that "Slate interposition has overthrown the protective tariff, and with it i ho American system." We arc to understand, then, sir, first, that the compromise net of 11133 wns forced upon Congress by State interposition, or nullification. Next, that its object and design, so far as tho honorable gentleman was concerned in it, wns to break down and de.-troy, for ever, the wholo protective policy of the country. And lastly, that it has ncccnmplishod that mid Hint thn Inst vestige of thnt policy is wearing nway. Now, sir, I must say, that in 1033, I entertained no doubt nl all I lint the design of ihe gentlemen was exactly what ho now Mutes. On this point, I luivo not been deceived. It was noi, cerlmnly, Hie design of all who acted with him ; but, that it was his purpose, I know then, ns clearly ns I know now, after his open nvownl ol it ; nnd this belief governed my conduct nt the lime, together with that of n great majority of those in both Houses of Congress, who, after Iho act of I tta 1 . fell bound lu carry oiil the provi-ions ol that net, nnd to mniu tain (he in reusouubly and fairly. 1 opposed llic compromise, act with all my power. It appeared to mo every way objectionable : it looked like an attempt to inako a new constitution s to introduce- another fuiidn meninl law. nbovo the power of Congress, mid which should control the authority and discretion of Congress, in nil time to come. This, of itself, was a conclusive objection with me i I said so then. Imve often said no since, nnd say so now. I said, then, that I, for one, should not lie bound by that law ninrclhnnbv any other law, except that, ai it wns n Inw pnsscd on a very important nnd ngilating ubjccl, I should not be dis posed to interfere with it, until n case of clear noeee-ily should arise. On this principle 1 hnvo ncted since. When that cne of necessity shall arise, however, should 1 bo in public life, I shall concur in nny alteration of thnt act, which such necesfity may require. That such an occasion muy come, 1 more tiian lenr. l on'nrtnin something stronger than n doubt upon the possibility of maintaining I tic manufacture nnd industry of this country, upon such n system ns the comnromifo act will lenvn us, when it shall have gone through its processes of reduction. All this, however. I lenve to the future. Having had occasion. Mr. President, lo spent; ofNullification and the Nullifies, I beg leave to say, that I have not done bo for nny purpose of reproach. Certainly, sir, I see no possible cntincxinn, myself. between their principles or opinions and tho support of this measure. They, how ever must spenk for themselves. They may have intrusted the bearing of their standard, for aught I know, to Hie hands of the honurnblu member from Smith Car olina ; and I perceivd Inst soi-ston, what I pcrccivo now, thnt in his opinion there is a connexion between Hicfc project" of Gov. crnment nnd the doctrines of Nullification. I can oily say, sir, thai it will bo marvel Ions lo me if that burner, though it be said to bo (altered and turn, shall yet ho lower nl in obeisance, and laid at the footstool of Executive power. To the sustaining of that power, the passage of this bill is of the utmost importance the Administration will regnrd its succsss as being to them, what Cromwell tnidtho battle of Worces ler wns to him "a crowning mercy." Whether gentlemei, who have distinguish ed themselves so much bv their extreme jealously of this Government, shall now litnl it consistent -iilh Iheir principles to give Ihoir aid in acicnmphslniig this con biimmation, remauif to be seen. To he one liulcd next week. COK UE.SPONDKNCN. Plathburfh. April llfi, 1038. To Rrigd'r Geo'l, Join E. Wool, U. S. Army, Siu. Your pres'iico on this frontier lias in a particular manner called to the recollection ol our (itizens the part von bore in the Into war, nnd especially in the detence ol this )ectnn ot our conntrv. The invasion uf Plntt.burgh, in IBM was one of thu nost important events of that war. On m other occhmoii during trial conicst, was tur ennntry invaded by so large a lorcc. well appointed army ol M or I5 000troois. under the immediate direction ofiho cnminandcr-iu-chief, nnd the Governor of the Camillas mded bv officers of great military skill nnd exne- nonce, wns met and repulsed by n force on our part ot 16UU regular troops, aided by the brave en'hiiMiistic mihtn : and the combined victory by land and wnlcr, form- eu one oi me mosi uriiunni ncincvements, of Ihe Into war, and added greatly to the honor of our country nnd its Sarins. On thai occasion you were associated with McComb, McDonnugh and Monurs. and wiih our gallant armv. iinvv nml milum with the brave and patriotic citizens of Hii slaie. nnd Hie no le-s brave and patriotic citizens of Vermont, in meeting and repell ing Ihe invaders. Ii is n matter of history, and is person, ally known to many of o'ur citizens, thai you look an active and important part m the contest, produced by that invasion, and that your duty on that occasion was per formed with distinguished gallantry and "linn I'UIHIIICl. Iho recent disturbances nn thin IV mi tier havo formed an occurrence of much interest and importance to our cnunlry and its citizen. The good faith of the nation, and its own laws and irenimj .. . i... maintained and preserved. 'Phn rrrnm evils ol a border warfare, which if n,n uienced would invariably Irad to much Htiffering.hlond. shoil, calamity, and probably in the cud involve us in a 'national wnr, wero to ho prevented. In (ho highly ex cited state of Ihe public mind, the perform anco of theso duties must necessarily be n matter of much delicacy nnd difficulty; nnd il vn not lo be expected, but thai in such a slate of public leelmg, misrepresenla tion would be sure to prevail, winch int"lit for a tune produce unfavorable impro-sions and di-tiiiitifaction on the part of a portion of the community, in regnrd to the con duct of any officer who should faithfully execute such nn important trust. The execution of ibis trust wns confided to you by the government of our country, mid you were directed, and in duly and honor bound, to eudenvor faithfully to carry its orders and wishes intn effect. The execution of these duties has bscu nl'the most Irving nrdunus nnd dohcnli! nnturo, involving great responsibility, and amidst the many difficulties and cinbarnss incuts by which you wero surrounded, re quired tho exurcieo of a high degree of niornl courage nnd firmness. That your conduct has met wth tho npprobattun of Hip government nnd of tho citizens of the United States generally, it nffirds us plea euro In believe. That Ihe innjeFly and suprnnincy of the laws must ho inserted nnd preserved, that the natinnnl faith and honor must bo mam tnined in the observance nf its treaties, and that the violation of either, (under any pretence, however specious.) cannot be tolerated, nro cardinal doctrines in the creed of every truo American Patriot. A number nf our fellow citizens, enter tabling these opinions, have directed us ns their committee, to express their res peel for your clinractcr, and their appro bationufyonr conduct, on tho occasions nbovo referred lo, ami to invite you to par Id I; i! of a public dinner. Il nllbrdsthe undersigned much plcasnro to carry nto effect 'he inHructions thus received, nnd in obedience thereto, they nidi your acceptance of a poublic dinner, to be given nl this place, on such day ae inny suit your convenience. I The undersigned beg leavo lo ndd their entire concurrence in opinions nnd feelings "I tlio citizens, by whom they havo ocen deputed, ns nbovo expressed. With our best wishes for your happi ness mid prosperity, wo nro sir, with much respect and esteem. Your ob't servants, Vm. Sweti.and, Isaac C. Pi.att, Sr. J. B. L. Skinner, L. MvK.ns, Wit. P. IIau-e, A. C Mount:, RiciiAni) Yatf.3, Head Quarters, Plnttsbnrgh, N.Y. ? I'ith April, 1038. ? Gentlemen: I hnd the honor to receive your communication of yesterday, tender ing me in behnlf of yourselves and others of my fellow citizens, n public dinner as a m.irk or respect, for services which I nave rendered my country nt dm rent periods on this frontier. This distinguished mark of your approbation, as well ns of those who nro united with you in conferring it. of my conduct in IBM, mid during the prist winter, tins filled mo with Hits deepest sense of gratitude. In the performance of the responsible duties imposed on me in the enses referred to, I can only say, I was governed by no other considerations than the mnintennnco of the honor, the interest nnd the welfare of our common country. All hough the scenes recently enacted on this frontier, were different in iheir char acter from those of I'JM, yet they wen not loss importnnt, as" they involved the j peace and welfare ot the Union. I hey presented the sad spectacle of foreigners coming mnong-t us. and in violation of law and in opposition to Urn constituted author ities nf the country, raising Willi impunity an army for the purpose of levying war upon a nation with whom wn were at peace, nnd with whoe "ovorntneht wo were on terms of amity nnd friendship. Willi like impunity haye wo seen mdivid uals of this same tinny, doing violence lo Ihe property nf our mr.-t worthy citizens, breaking open nrsenals, nnd plundering the State of Us nrtns nnd trampling under foot the very Inws and institutions they profe-s po much to admire, and which they say they would impose on n neighboring people. To check this mad ami lawless career, and to preserve the Inws, the honor and the interest of the country, it becninc my du'y as military commander on tins frontier to arrest this nrmy and ils leaders. It is true, ns you have justly observed, this was mt accomplished, wiijiout produ cing cmbarrasMnont, excitement, mi.-rep resentntion, unfavorable impress'inns and dissatisfaction. That the leaders of this expedition against Canada should have sought fnr causes to justify their lawless and iinwnrrnnlnblo nc'n xvns to have been exnected. but that citizens of the United States, should have so fnr forgotten the respect and obligations due to their own Government and their own institutions, ns to encourngo foreigners to wholly (lis- regnrd the one nnd trample underfoot the Iho other, was ns unexpected uh it was extraordinary, anil bepenks an indiffer ence lo their own happy form of Govern ment, which if persisted in, must endanger its peace and permanency. It would nfl'ord mo the highest gratifica tion to meet yon anil mv fellow citizens at the festive board; but nsnn excitement still, prevails on the St. Lawrence frontier, well ns that of Vermont, and in oilier parts of the country within my command, in re lation to the cause of the Cnnadinus I am unable to say at what moment 1 may be called from this part of the country. I am therefore under Ihe necessity if declining the invitation so flatteringly tendered to me with the iissiirenco Hint your npprovnl, nnd that of my fellow cinzons in general, of my coiiduct in Hie, di-charge of the duties to which yon have alluded, is regarded as the highest reward which can be conferred on Iho patrio' and the soldier. With considerations of Iho highest respect, I have the honor to bo, Your obedient servant, JOHN E. WOOL. BriS' General, U. S. Army. To Messrs Win. Swetlnnd, Isaac C. Plait, Si J 15. L Skinnor, Ii. Mvers. Wm. V. Hnilo, A. C. Moore, Richard Yitc3, TliELLER'S PROTEST. EnwAni) E. Thei.i.ku, onu of the per sona taken un board the schormur Ann, near Atnhersiburgh, having been found guilty of high ticason, on the lOih in&t. the usual quction was put, why sentence should not Le pronounced upon him ; where upon he nddicsscd the court as I'ullows: My Lord; I suppose that any thing I may have totny, will not prevenfynu from passing uic sentence which yon hnve al ready prepared, mid although your question is pnrt of the usual prescribed form, nml however fruitless any remarks from mis tuny appear at this moment, standing in iho peculiar pnsition in winch I nm placed, I will not let pass Ihe opportunity without answering you, by solemnly 'protesting ngninst the jurisdiction of tins court to try mo-ami against the unjust, tyrannical ond barbarous law under which I 'have been tried, and conditionally found guilty. It well miy be called unjnt, Ivrnnnicnl unil barbarous, a relic of your olden tune of Baronial nml Feudal Leei-lanon.--!! low miiiJe 000 years ago. bolero England nan a colony, nnd when her sway was eon lined to her own Island. A law, to allv until lor the present day and differing ns much from Hie spirit of'your present ln"w, as i tie leelings, miuiW, niul pursuits of the men ot that day, differ from iho-o of this It is a law, My Lord, which would ill prive you, ami every other person in this numerous nssemlily from emigrating to nny '' reii-ons political or peeun mry might point out. nnd bind you in tin country, where by the chnnce medlev o circumstances you wero born, in feller's ns strong as those that bound the Knxon serf lo till the farm of tho Thaco whose born I ii u 11 U wus, la it possible Mv Lord, thni h,;, ,i vanced ago of civilizmion, eucb a Law would bp enforced, a pregtogntivo which the Crown ol no other nation holds over tliuir born subjects, and one which evory enlightened nuing in tho world nnd par ticularly theme reading in Hint independent Republic of which I nm a citizen, will nnd ought tu look upon with horror mid detes tation. I protested on my trinl, against the juris, diction of this Court. That I could not be guilty of Treason, not being a subject of Great Ilrilnin, but n citizen of the United Stales, and that if I had committed nn of fence it wns one ngninst Iho Law of Na tions, and that I could not bo tried in this Province but in England, or the country of which i wns n citizen. It was ndinillcd, Mv Lord, bv Ihe Court, "Hint I was a citizen of the United States, but not less a subject, having been bom in Ireland, that, being n bom subject no act of mine could make mo might else. That Grent Britain could notwitliiMiindinr my cilizciirhip, still hold mo as a subject." ducii unctritm ccrinmiv places the natural, ized citizen of the U. S., in a singular pre. dicntncnl obliged ns they are to do military duty as well as the native horn, without distinction. In event of War, if they wore ordered lo invmlnilie Hritish dominion, bv refusing, they would bo punished by the one Government, for insuboidinntion nnd cowardice, or obeying, be punished by the ouier as p rrmior A precedent wns quoted by the Altornov General, In the ensn of Ephas McDonold, which somewhat resembled mine, n Your Lordship remarked, ho wap found guilty l)nt not executed, and this happened 93 years years ngo. Since Hint time, what 'a change has Inken place among Nnlions. i ns among men ! More liberal and extend I ed views hnve been held both by the Gov ertiors nnd the governed; n new nation has sprung up from EuglL-h Colonists, with a pi'pnlatioo of upwards ol 17.000 000, one fourth ol whom are in Hie same n'uation ; n innsclf having been born under a iiionar ' chy. but who have since become citizens of Jn free and independent republic, whosi constitution was mimed directly opposite i to the law In id down by Hih Court "once a subject, always a subject." When tried my Lord. I rested my dc fence on that ground. I did not call evi deuce to prove, ns I might have done, thn when pursuing my course from nn Ameri can port in r.n American Schooner, nnd go iug to an American island, and in thn re"- uhir channel and thoroughfare which all rpgular vessels take that pass and repass Irom the ports ol the Stales of New York- Ohio, Michigan. Illinois, and Wisconsin, I was fired upon tu repeated vollies nf niu-k etry, oy your oi imia, inuinns, mid iNegroes. of Maiden, mid when drawn upon your shores by the inclemency of tho weather, nnd my men killed nnd wounded by the gauing nre oi niree or lour hundred con. coaled riflemen. I fi-ed upon them in self. defence, this I would have proved, and if ' l,nr Ijonl-hip could remember, nearly all j nf which was admitted by Hit? very evidence brought agaiusi me,--by my captors, ns ; they styled themselves, they, even they admitted the greater part. And now, my Lord, nficr three months severe imprisonment, the grenler part of which time was pnssed in chains, I nave been tried for "not having the fenr of God in my heart, nor weighing the allegiance I i owed Her iUniesiv the Oueen." An tin ginnce which I did not consider myself to nslowc. nnd which lij yenrs before I have sol emoiy sworn, in open uourt, lo renounce in the manner prescribed by the Constitu tion of the United Stat' . And what, mv Lord, wns the verdict of the Jury? a conditional one. Their dis criminating minds plainly perceived that I cuild not bo the citizen of one country and j the subject nf another; thai both were I incompritiblo ; nnd they gave in iheir ver- diet, which to me si;ein. a strange one "If I was a subject I wa'puitly of treason." I am not a subject, therefore' I am not guilty of treason. I am free from saying, my Lord, or of wi-hing myself under.-tood In say I have not done wrong, and acted contrary to the laws of my ou country. But in extenua tion of my offence, I would sln'e to vour Lordship, that in the middle of December last, there came lo Detroit a vast number of men. who fled from this country, many of them were poor, hungry, and naked". They hnd fled from their homes nnd fam ilics nt n moment's notice. Thev told the siory of their sufferings nnd their wrongs. 1 hern .stones were circulated bv the press, anil believed by nil ; while your .Magistrates and others in authority on your frontier confirmed in the minds of many the same by their in-ul'ing and overhearing conduct towards some of our citizens, whom busi- nes had induced to go over among them. Then came the thrilling news of t ho cut1 tirg out of thu steamboat Caroline at Schlosser, an indignity committed on our national honor an in-iilt on our national flag. Before (hat lime, mv Lord nothing wns done by Ihe citizens of Michigan, nor was iheir nn thing intended tn be done, but cnniribuiing to the comfort of the un fortnnatomen who wore said to be sufferers in the same cause, liko tho fathers of nor own Revolution of70. Report were also circulated by persons residing in Sandwich nml Maiden, that they wero raising the Indians nnd refugee negro slaves, re-iditu' there. In burn Detroit and other places Hi n't had afforded nn nt-yluin to those whom they Excitement then pervaded cvp min,i nnd I, my Lord, in common with others hi an evil lime, rushed headlong in coiiimittn" a breach of iho Couilitution of mv own country, onu tor which i am amenable to her own laws. To you. My Lord, whom both parties acknowledge to be n humane man and an upright Judge, the meliincboly task ef pronouncing hip onipiiee m ueain, in nny e, iiiimi be a painful one. bow much re so must it bo m this in-lanee lure more so must u no hi mis iii-tanee lure no ntrncbm- nc's were committed, no mir der nor arson; but men who, through lie tnwrepreseu'aliniH nf others, nml from tn nniiirnl indignation arising from Ihe oit rnge committed on t heir's nnd t Loir Com try's Honour, nnd I can sny from thu but nnd purest motives Hint c-uld nctuntete human heart, have been hurried into in excess which a few men, to magnify tlx r own prowess, have augnientod into ono f thu moat horrible and atrocious acts of tacy. t ...:n ..... . . .... longer, bin would requeU you, if consrJtent .i ii- nj iiuiiiv ii m in. nmi nn rn vnt nnu io in v in V case be ore inn nroner trl- btitml of the Homo Government, nnd luvd your sovereign's picnsurc thereon. Jl momler Tim Rnfni.iilnn.n OVU rrrnnh stntca thnt il,n t.1.. ,.'.,.,.. il. M.. ristown Rail Road a few dav.s since neci. ..w...v...j t...uu ui uiu J.JIIUII1IIUI IVO a which some inhuman wretch had placed ibis position with the (bvious intent ln, .M. ,,,l, .!.,.,, l. ..( i. I II l. C I .1 .1... . . hiii" iiiiaui uv i in; i ui J ess unmet nnn winch il was meditated, and who, scarcely I ushered into "this breathing world," did. not merit to be burned out of it by tucb dreadful means. I This is the year lor tho ro.nnnonranrr. oi ine "seven yenr locusts," their Inst ap. ivnrniK;e onving oeen in ItiJl, m ui & if m $f ( FRIDAY M ORNINO, APRIL -I.. The line boats Htirllnrrinn .ml rc.v.t: started their regular trips from Whitehall nnd St. Johns on Monday last. The .v. rmigemontB arc substantially tho eame as last scaenn to leave each end of ihe Laka nt one o'clock, and meet at this port about nine, P. M. Tho Winaotlci, having been thoroughly repaired during the past winter, conic out this spring in fine condition for business almost ns good as new." This boat, compared with her new associntc, is. to bo sure, rather less than size; but. like He Indiana wife, "dem good." She is a good sailor, safe and sure, and the stillest boat wo hnve ever been on board of. Under the skilful management of her gentlemanly nnd urbane commnndcr, Cnpt, Lyon, she will do the public good service, for years to como; though we understand her place is tf tin cimnlio,! il. . ... ,., ououu wim a new u linnl V The Burlington, h indeed a paragon, or steam-boats, of which the inhabitants of Champlnin valley have jusfcAe to feel proud. Wo believe we hazard falling saying, that, in the combination of great strength, with beauty or model, conyen ioncc of arrangement, chaste elegance in the finish, and uncommon speed, she is un. surpassed by any boat in the world. This may be thought extravagant; but who shall gainsay it? The American steam boats nre admitted to lie Kiinori,,. i others in the world; and wo willthnnk the man who shall name to us the boat in thia country thnt can bear the test of compari son in the points to which we allude. Cnpt. Sherman has spent his whole lifo thus fnr in steam navigation, and ranks de. servedly, "Admiral of the American fleet." In the construction and arrangement oftha Burlington ho has brought together tho rich fruits of his long experience, and aided by a nice discrimination nnd excellent tasto in llic finish, furniture, &c. has done him self groat credit. The cost of this boat, we understand to be nbout gf!0.000--ncarly double the orig inal cost of the Franklin. In this we have nn enrnest of the enterprise and liberality of the stenm boat company, which we hopef will be duly appreciated by Iho public. We beg to direct thn reader's attention to Mr. Webster's remarks on the duly of tho government in regard to the currency. Ho treats tho subject in the language of I soberness and truth appealing only to tho understandings of men. It seems lo us that iho editor of tho Sentinel must bo close run for subjects on which to exhaust his superabundant pat. rtniism. His smutty allusion to ono of our citizens in yesterday's paper, was decided ly in bad taste, nnd but illy calculated to aid tho cause it was probably intended to promote. Few, indeed, wo apprehend, will bo able to discover the impropriety of our exchanging a few of our surplus horses for John Bull's hard dollars; mid fewer still, will be able to perceive in tho nature of Col. Thomas's agency any occasion fori lamnooning a private citizen, who quietly purMios his own business, and therein, per chance, confers a favor on the public. .HAKE ltOO.1I FOR RHODE ISLAND "The cry is still, they come." Hardly have tin noies of joy and grata latum for the splendid triumphs of correct principles in Connecticut, New York, Now I, r. : "'""ii '" ouy in ine distance, when our ears are again greeted with tho h'ud notes of triumph from Rhode lt.. t That gallant and patriotic Slate has . ,i i . ' 89 Sam Bm n,, unacumcni to whig principles; and her sterling democracy lag proclaimed to the nation, that tho policy f Mff 0(j uiinistraiion t,o "Experiments,'..t)0 Sub Trensnry 'Expedient,"t,e Exclu. sivo Metallic Currency Humbugs.-and oilier obnoxious schemes ol ib0 President and bis advisers urn nn il.. ,lvv ogi,.... winch con ever receive an approial rt0 the truly republican freemen of vbod

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