Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, May 11, 1838, Page 2

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated May 11, 1838 Page 2
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r it 1 n a v m o u n i x n, m a v 11. . OrtNtMnNT.w, Trims. There is truth ant good sense In tlio following paragraph, from tho Caledonian : . Tlio season of tlio year lias arrived for transplanting trees, and who lliat lias not already dono it, will neglect for another year to fttrround his dwelling with such as wl'l ndd beauty to the jpot whero centers his af fection his homo ? Wo in the country nro disposed to think that labor bestowed upon external decorations, not of actual utility, thrown away ; but this is an error. Every tree planted in a proper place, even about this door of the most isolated farmer' house, adds four fold in value to tlio farmer upon the expense of rearing it, beddes making his home mnro pleasant to himself and family. f tlio little enclosure before (ho door is orn,. mooted by tastefully selected and well arran. gcd futon trees, which can bo dono with a trifling expense the passers by, ns they gazo upon it, pronounce that place the abodo of peace, a charming residenco and a happy home. And ho who seeks reliicmcnt and a country residence, will fix upon such a spot ns tho very placo on earth for him; and tlio owner, if ho puts his house and lands into the market, will command for them a juico be yond that ho would olhoiwisc receive, in the nbseneo of all external attractions. Nothing makes a village more inviting than to sec its way-Bides and door-yards lined with forest trees, shrubbery and flowers. The dwellers in it find their attachments strengthened, and tho tiavcllcr lingers in and about it, spell bound by its beauties ; and whoever fittingly ornaments tlio little spot of oarlh of which ho is tho inheritor, adds comfort and value to his homo, and confers a real benefit upon tho public." Mr. Catm.v, wo observe, has undo a good uigMiiuug-uii ..iiiuusm avenue j and no in- forms us that ho has still a larrc number of finn thrifty locusts, which ho will furnhh gratis lo those who own land on cither side ofthat road. Wo will contributo an hundred Jiandsomo mulberry trees for the same object. Nearly two hundred rods of that street is .l..j., i: i ...!.i. . . . .. iinuu iiu irees, anu n too owners of tho several beautiful lots uiion it would but - 1 Tiin kr- n clii.1,1 :.. . .1 , . ..ji... mull in cuiiceri, me roau irom tho Cantoncmcnt to the Jlishop's farm miTlit bo rendered one of tho most delightful in the worm. By tho way, wo hear that our friend Molt is fitting up an establishment at tho l'inc irovc below Mr. Russell's a cool retreat for dog-days. Mr. BnAUisn's Lectures on Palatine, nppeartobe well received. The subject is one of surpassing interest; and those who have listened to Mr. R. epeak of him nsa scholar, a man of extensive- informa tion, and gifted with graphic powers of description. Virginia Election. There no longer remain?.' a doubt, that a rcnt nnd signal victory has been achieved by the gallant W'.igs of Virginia at the recent State Election. The Administration party has sustained a complete route; throughout the southern and western sections of the State the changes are astounding; the "Ancient Dominion" is nt length fully oroused to the present dangerous position of tho country; nnd with a gallantry which J3 worthy of her best days-tlio days of Jicr Washington, her JelTerEon, and her JIadison she has thrown off the yoke of oppression and has taken her place once more among the free States ot this Union. The Fuchmond Enquirer gives up every thing in Virginia but the privilege of prophecying, after tho Jacob Faithful fashion, belter luck for tho Tories next tiirc: "It is idle lo despond ; l-ul we ate boairn in Vir-1 ' nia. We (till reinin 1 he .Senaic. After m.ikiii' ! " oicry allowance for iliccx.iggrr.urd nrcoiniti numi" ' lias wiificd lo our ears ; anil nfirr I he most f.norabla ' caumairs ni an tup ipiniijnilig couiilips, we admit nt 1 once dial llie Irgs h.ue cairied ilit; House hv at ..El iu or niajoiiiy ppiliapj lium 12 o 10. I licy tiiiiv evru li.uc ns gieai u niajoiiiy in Hie next House ol Delcgntpaa we had in I lie last. T, 1 hr'. Ci,:,,1 i'!'t::"Jy '" up 'IS, nnd counting I'iniikliii, 50 Didrgntus which llirj tunc won, to 2G ot our own. The Balt'unoro Chronlclo gives the icsult thus far ns follows : Conservatives C -Whigs 57-Loco Fncos 21. Laet year it was 35 Whigs and d9 Van Buren, Mil. SLAUfiHTEU's DlSTlUCT. Wo have now a now name for Mr. Patton's .. t . . r t, . I tlistrict in irgtnia. it iS 1)0.) beyond doubt, Mr. Slauoiiteu's district The . . . ii i , majority is small but it is a majority, i TUI3 district Was lormcr V ono r Btrongcsl Jackson districts iu the Siatp, At tho presidential election, it gave Mr. Van Uunn.v a mnjority of 535. Tho Frpderirkshurgh Heiald gives llie followin" as the majorities in cnth enmity; bl.iugliirr. JSarks, 1M mnjority 0!) do U.2 do U0 Jj Spolsylvanin, ' Drnngu, Culpcprr, Itnpiinlinnliock, Jtfnillsnii, Greene, SCO inaj. Ill 1S5 P. S. Tim Fredeik'kslitir2 Arpnn r p.m... 171 ,,IWJ 7irrllnnli'f.l,.,.i:nM ' '"" Election in tiii; Oxronn District, Maine. By a slip from tho Boston Atlas, wo learn that the Van Burcn candidate for Congress, in this district, Mr. Parris, has been elected by a probable majority of 150 volet! In 'J t towns heard from tho voles nro for Ln.so (Whig) 3274 I'Annts (Loco Foco) 3527 Scattering 227. Not Whig min as compared with last fall's voto fur Governor, -103. Tnov, N. Y. Tho Whigs have carried every ward in this city by about fivo hun dred majority. Not n tinglo Loco Foco catididalo has succeeded. Mi?Ft.Mrii. The returns from this slnlc nro such ns to leave no manner of doubt of the Election of Premie mid Word to Congress, by a very deciivo mnjority. Fri'.G. About nno o'clock, on Wednesday morning, tho inhabitants of our village wor aroused by I ho cry of fire. It was soon ascertained to proceed from the Calhohe. Church, and wo regret to say, tho flames had made so much progress boforo being disco vered, thai nil efforts to save it proved un availing. There is not a doubt but that it was the work of an incendiary, as no fire had been used in tho building fur several days, U'o hope ho may bo discovered and brought to punishment. Sentinel. Tho ill'fntod city of Vicksbtirg was (lie scene of another dcslouctivc confli'gralion April 20,h. Nearly n whole square was burnt down on First East street, including the dwelling of Wm, II. Suns, E.-q , store nnd dwelling of Messrs Ayro &, Swnin, the boarding house of Mis. Frctwcll, &c. Tolal loss $30 000. No insurance. Osage Wail Tlio St. Louis llcotiblr can of the 20th says: By the steamboat Dart, which left Fort Leavenworth en the l5th inst, we learn that the dragoons had returned from the Osage country and that tho difficulty with the Indians was consid ered nt an end. Trrn TnuE Sr in it. The Yhi;s of New Ilainpihiie tire nhendv orcnnlzin" fur the next campaign. A Liege meeting was recently held nl Concord in that .Slate, lor die purpose of esclnng. ! ingcongialiiLiliona on the nupiciou3 tcsnlt ofihc 1,110 ck'clio"3 Connecticut mid Maine. Among i a nilll,l,cr r I'oiiucd nml Fpiritctl icsolntions, the j juiiuwin;; 1 t uoiiiiiitius iibun iu iiiu .tuupuiiii ui .ill i line Whigs. Resolved, That like llie Whigs of '70. we hate enlisted "during the war ;" ami dial, following llicir gloriniH example, e will not lay down our nrma, until llie sin render of t lie Lord Coiinuilli of llie SoiiiIi, nor inilil liie sons of New Ilumpsliiie ' pb''H han c'wen nnollicr Deiiniiigtoii defeat to llie I '!-.: r.i. v .1. 1 ui no ui uu: .luiui. ANTI SLAVERY MEETING. Tho Chittenden Co. Anti-Slavery So ciely held its first stated meeting at the Congregational Meeting House, in Char lotte, on Wednesday, 2d inst; The meeting was called to order by the President of the Society, and prayer olT-jr-cd by tho Rev. II. F. Lcavott, ofVcr genncs. On motion, voted that all pros cnt bo invited to participate in the doings of tlio meeting. A business committee wa then appointed consisting of Hon. W. P. Briggs, Rev. II. F. Lr-avett, It. T. Robinson, who submitted several rcsolu lions to the meeting, which were ordered lo he on tho table, and to be taken srpcratcly and discussed after hearing up nddrass. The audience then listened to an interesting discourse from the Hon. W. Rriggs, which, together with the able and intelligent manner in which the rcso lutions were discussed gave a new impulse to the cause of emancipation which we trust will lead on lo more extensive cflorts in the county for the accomplishment of our rigiueous pause. RESOLUTIONS. Jlcsolvcd, that ue view with deep sorrow liie oppo-iiion of many noillicin nnni'icis nf the gospel Iu lliedonninps anil ineasuiesofiniuipiliate tin 11 ci palion, and die gu.liy upailiy nf mnnv mom. Be lieuug that when ilia damn 'of our ciifl.ncil roim Ifjiiien me neglected. 11 didtingtii,licd cliaiactei hitic of rln isiianiiv is wanting. llcsohed, tin: wliilst it is a fact, arknnw leibrtl by sotulipin lehgi'ius bodies, thai ilieslaie nf nor on rnuniiv, aie lipatlirii, 113 iniirh so sis those ofl Mill' ollinr I. mil. un rvttni..i .1.- iiflhofo who proft-ss gip.ii vx-al fur tle comen-iou ofilm licnllicn ofoilicr lands "liilst lliev manifest 1 loliil npalhv lor llio-c ofmirnwn. Resolved, thai iu the unpaialclled success whirli '':,s lllln"h'd our lipnrioliiit riiipipri.-e, v,o hao uumiiiaiu c.iufp ior gi.iiiiinii: to tioil, ami loi cnroui'. "fluent lo nlrili'r ouirelves to sti.'l eicatcf effoils. ! in licliall'nl' the oljr n uiif sjnipaliiv. I lletolvtd, lli it llie pxppi initnls ulieiidy in.ide in Anligua nml 1'iTiiiuda, ns well ns oilier places, t!c tnon'tintc nlilic the pinrliciliilily, safely, justice, nnd polirv. of iinuii'diaie riiianciiialiou. Jtetnli'td, lli.'il lli- slieinioin Imi liuilo rfTirls of sotulii'i it iniiiis'cis of ill'-' gospel, aided liy iheir aliel lou nl llio imi ill, to dis.iipioe (lie pioposilion ihai nil si lU'lioldiug is sinful, uliil-l llu-y t-iiiiliiin iis trul li, a ho piovcs llinl tin- gie.it dorn ines of Imman righis, us ndiocaicd liv iitmliliouUls arc lin ling tic ccf lo kiiiiIipiu cuiiscipiirps. Jlcsolvcd, thai uu ievv llie ndopiion of )Tr, P.illnn's iisolulioli hv the llmii-e of lleprcicnlniiics I in Cougiess, on the 25ih of Dee. Iasl,ns ugirat in- sun iu iiii: inii'i ii an i uiip.u, .iiiu u yios nml p;i. pahlminLuinn ofilie thiid nuicleof the iiiiicml- "1(,nl of ll,e ,co,lftill",!on" . . Itvsolvtd, lli.it although the people of ilio fire Suites me in piinpipleiigaini sl.ut-iy, jpi ihn il '"xisnug i"' "ra uniniiigaieil sill. feiiug, llieirfoie, noiliijig shoi l uf unity uf design nun i o-upi-i aiiiiii iii nkiiuu nuiuiiij iiiu II It'lUIS Ul CIS diini ran cirr icmou ii. Wlif-reas, the -Slate society has recommended the esliihlifliinrnl uf l.iliiai ies of Anli-.SIaprv l.ileia" line, niiliiu the limits ofriery school disuiel, there foiu IlesoUed, that no highly ;ippiue of ilio same ami pleilgi.- ouiseUcs lo ilo wnat o can to effect tho object in llie set rial towns iu this county, The resolutions were all unanimously adopted and several olhors olll-rcd by gentlemen present but for tho want of time were necessarily laid on tho lablo for the consideration of the next meeting. Tho spirit and harmony manifested du ring tho whole of tho meeting will not eoon bo forgotten by thoso who wero present, On motion voted that tlio doings nf the meeting bo published in tho Burlington papers. James Mitchell Sec. pro tan. 'i he States Of twenty-six Sinic, eighteen hoist nl lite present nininriil nf Whig finirrliors ; while oillv riuhl nit! mhjiTleil lo l.ocu l-'nrti dunlin Inn. Ufiliesu ciglii, New Ynik, Mississippi nml Michigan will no duiibt throw offilie collar ul llie next eltrliun. whig oovEnNons. Maine, IMiv.ird Kent. Miiisacluisctts, Kdunid Kmeil. Vcimimi, Sil.n II. .lenison. Itlioilu IsUnd, William Hpmgiic. Connreiicul, Wm. W. KHswnilli. New Jersey, Win. H. Pennington. I'ciiii'jlvniii.t, Jicph Itiinrr. Miiijlanil, riiunnn W. Vcizic. Pel.uvnio, O. V, Cimicgt. North Carolina, I'Miuird It, Dudley. Stinlh Carolina, Pierce M. Ittllcr. Cip.irgi.i, Geo. It. Gilmer. Kpiiliicky, James CI irk. Tennessee, Ncwfnn Cnnion. Ohio, Joseph Vniicj. Indi.ina, P.iniel Wnlhrc. Louisiana, Kdivnid I). While. Illinois, Joseph Duncm. LOCO FOCO GOVERNORS, New llnmpsliiic, Isaac Hill, New Voi k, Win. I,. Mure. Viiginhi, Daniel C.uniilill, Al.ili.imn, Aiilmr P. IJ.ig'iy, Mississippi, A. G. McNtitt, Mi-sotni, I W, ltngq. Mirliigan, Klccin 'iC.Manii. Atknii'.'i?, Jiunes S. ttmiti.u-. Tin re of these. Stales rue in rtric ably lost lo die AdtninNiiniioii. Tlio Lite Municipal olecliiim iu Michigan, ilcinonslnilc rnnchisiw-lv, dial ibis ."stale is in 1 lie nppo'it iriii. I lio .'in!)- IVc.iMity nml Wild Cai Bunking limn destrnied Loco l'iiniin in its hordcis. .Some nfilic Dsiricls, ulirrn llie To ries slii'iil last p.ir iwn IP nno. ihn Wlii Imvn cuiied by n i.lc ofiliiee lo one. Uf Mississippi, iiii.ii; u.ui uc in) qncsiior. Gonnetticot. Tho Legislature of Contictticut convened at Now Haven on Wednesday. Win. W. Uoarrlman, W., was elected Speaker of tho House by a mnjority of I0G vote3 over nil others. Clinuncpy F. Clcavoland. the Loco-Foco candidate, who was Speaker last year, re ccived 37 votes, and there were 3 scat. Rhode Islam). Tho Legislature of Khodo Island convened at Newport on Wednesday. The Hon. Coo, Curtis, (W.) was rf elected Speaker of tho Hutiic with. nut opposition. I bo official returns of vote for Governor rjivc Wm. Snrnnue (W.) 3981; Francis. V. B. 3501; scatter tug. 93. Sprngtio'i- plurality over Francis. IfiO. His mojori'y nvr all othsrs, 381. For Lt. Governor, Childs, W. received H3!i votes; Thurston, V. B. 340! ; ccat trring, !.". Chiitls' mojority, GG2. The average Whig majority lor Senators i!J72 nnd a fraction. All the Sena'ors, 10 in number, arc Wlics. The House consists nf 72 members, 45 of whom arc Wings, and 27 Loco-Fooos. Whig mnjority in t!)0 House 18; in joint ballot, adding the Lieut. Governor, who presides over the Senate, 29. List year, says the Providence Jour nal, there was a majority of -11 tho other way. Tun Charleston Fun:. A slip from tho Charlu.-ton Mercury of Monday the 30th tilt., receiver! by this morning's mail :-r.ys : "Total n imber of dwellings and stores destroyed, including Norton's old Riee Mills, Kerr's wharf, set on fire by Hakes falling on a pile of light wood anil burnt to the ground, 500. The rumber of out builJitiyj destroyed estimated at about 590 total number of buildings destroyed, 1,1515. Such is the mere arithmetic of" thl frightful calamity who shall count the inen'.al sutioring. the hiss of hopes of security, of comfort ? Upon the best esti mates which have been mode to uj, up to tho latest hour, we set down the loss of property at over 3,000,000. The whole amount covered by insurance, .is not fur from LoOOOOO. Of this, g"5,O0O falls upon tho Genrpia odice?, at Augusta. The n;w Hotel was insured in this city for 60,000, and 10, 000 in Augusta. It believed nowthat the offices hero will pa j. n'!. or very ncarlv all, of their liabilities. Juur Cm. Late rno.M Fi.oninA. Wo undern'.md reports have been received at the War Department staling that Alligator, one of tho most active and warlike ol'llu! host lies, have Mirrondercd at Fort Bastnger,on the dtli ol April. lie was found with 88 of liK people, nmong whom was John Cowiya and 27 black-, lo the southwest of Okee- chobep. Alligator was In return In Iim party, and by means of runners, collect all the scattered Indian', and concentrate them at Peasn creek. It is confidently i.'xpcc'ed that Crmchoorhee, wiili a small parly, can be prevailed on by Alligator to come in also. In addition lo thonbivo. i. ii 'ltn!i?rnrd that -15 Indians, 17 of whom a j vvn'rior--, wero recently captured by a deiac nt 'nt regular troop? nnd Tennessee volunteers, under Lt. R. Anderson, 3d Artillery, nnd arc now at Fori Lauudordah'. Gen. Jesup, at the last advices, (18th April,) was at Tnuipa B.iy. I 'i oni ihn l.ouirivilln Journal, tiu: i:xi'i.o.sion of tiih op.onqko. Wo tno-it pined yesterday tho burst Ir.g ol the boilers of the Mcamboal Ornnobo at Prineptoii, on her way Tor Now, Orleans, and the rcat destruction of human life on board of hor. VC havo since received from our friend G. W. Jackst-n," clork of tho Peru, tho annexed statement of some of tho eirciiiiHtances of tho distre-sinn- occurrence. Mr. J. informs us, that the statement, as far ns it goes, can be fully relietl nr., it having been obtained from I or 20 passengers of tho unfortunate boat, who came up on uic Peru. Wu have con- vcrscu with several passengers, all of whom declare their inability to nrV. nnv thing lik e an adequato idea of the scene of horror. To the Editors of the Louisville Journal Tho steamer Oronoko, Captain John Urawturil, lull lew Urleans on Monday, April lCth, 1030. On Saturday morning, tho 2.1th, at about 5 o'clock, having made but two revolutions nfmr leaving Prince ton, Mi-s,, she burst ono of hr boilers, blowing overboard sorno 15 or 20 person! and severely scalding between -10 and 50 that rciuninetl on board. Somo 6 or 7 of tho latter died previous to tho deparliiro of tlio Porn. Among iiiu scalded t iat wero on board, as near as could bo ascertained, thorn wero bet wren 20 and 30 whito men! chiefly deck passengers, 5 or 0 women, and about the sanio number of children, from tho ago of I to 4 years that liavo since died. Among those that went overboard about I or 5 wero saved. Some few cabin pas- sengors were supposed to bo missing. Tho 2d engineer was bad'y scalded, jumped overboard some time after tho explosion, nnd was drowned. Tho genernl supposi lion ii f a physician that was on board was that low would reenver, having been scalded inwardly. The Pern remained go slnrt n limo that it was itnpii'.siblo to ncertain the names ot tlio scalded or survivors, somo

having gone back on tho boat which was lowed to Vickshtirgh. nnd some on the Peru and N. Albany, bound up. The number of cabin pnsscngcrs on board tho uronniro at I No tun.! as near ns could be ascertained, was from 75 to 80; on deck ju to 70, including blacks nnd children. Most of the passengers iu the cabin were in bed at the tune of tho accident, nt hor- wise the loss of lives would havo been immense. Every ctTirt was mado bv both nnserm. gcrs and crew So alleviate the sulToritifs of ino nntnrlunalc beings, but of Ittlto avail. I he screams and (.'roan.i wero heart rend ing in Ihu extreme; prayers nnd supplica tions for water or lo put n period to their existence. Many thanks art' duo to Capt. Shrodesof thu Peru. Capt Youn", of the N- Albany, and Capt. Wheeler, of the Independence, for their prompt answer to the calls of distress. Mny ihey never wit ncss a similar scene on the'lr boats. There was a'so a number of valuable race horses, belonging lo Col. Oliver and others, badly scalded. M EX I COA N lT FRANCE. QSkc nf the Pensncnla Gazette, ) Amur. 25, 1838. The United Slates schooner Grampus,, Sanders, lieutenant cninniandinjr, arrived here this morninc from Vera Cruz, nnd brings intelligence that the French squad ron is now niocKautng the Mexican coast. It was supposed that the canlo of San Juan do Ulloa would he immediately inves ted, and that from its condition it could not hold nut any length of lime. The Mexicans were willing to pay the indemnity demanded bv tho French, but the latter required some apology, which the Mexican irovornmcnt refused So make. O.io individual had offered 10.000 horses. and the church had agreed to supp'y one minion ot ooiiars to carry on the war. The French squadron consist of one fri gate and five brigs of war, to which addi lions are expected. The French ships of war ai uiaruntqiic and Havana, had been ordered to repair immediately lo Vera Cruz. 'Pi.,, At : : . iiu iiii-aiumii guvL-riiiiicni is cnnutieru ot its strength and ability to meet the present emcrgmcj, but apprehensions were enter tained thai if the French squadron should bombard tho city ol Vera Cruz, the federal parly would take part with the enomv. and the city would he sacked. All tho women and children wore removing lo Jalapa, a town a lew miles fiotn Vera Cruz. The Mexicans and inhabitants were rcmovine? all i heir valuables. While the (Jrampus was at Vera Cruz, intelligence was received from the scat o government, that tho Mexican Congress had before i hem a propposition to expel all rrenchmen from the republic. The French brig of war Eclipse also ar rived hero this morning and exchanged salutes with our squadron. The Mr-MANAr.E.ME.T or Steam It i said by foreigners to bo a characteristic of tl.o citizens of the United Stales, that they arc the most reckless of human life ofauy peop'o under Heaven. That they not only display the most indomitable va lour in battle as witness Lundy's Lane hut that in matters of every day occur reneo, they appear to bo utterly regardless of the value of existence. Tho duelluirr. the street fiuhis. the oln. dmtortal combats witli the bowio knife, and tin; daring assassinations of the west, are cited to justify tins opinion. It finds a stronger illtK-tralioii in tho comparatively brief impres-ion, made upon the public muni, ny iiii; repeated anil dreadful loss ol live from I he explosion of steam vo-sels U timing after warning seenw to be given in van, and terrible experience teaches in this muter no lesson of ndvnntage. It would really seem ns if the travelling pub he in the United States had adopted the Turkish e.reed of fatalism, each individual being contented to take Iih chance of a drend ul doaili. u, nnxieiy to "Go Ahetull" In tins particular, ihn A men- cans tin not uct with their n-mal shrewdness' u.iu j;.i.iu mum!. ! ney iiugni uorrow some valuable hints from Old England, if they won't! resolve diligently to invontigatc the rea-t.n why fifty explosions occur in the Ui iietl Slates, whero hordly one is chron icled in Great Britain. In this Inst most appalling catastrophe of the Moselle, a key is furnished to one, probably the must frequent, cati-u? of thee terrible disasters. The Captain of that boat was clearly in competent to the charge with which he was entrusted, ns to skill, temper, nnd knnwledgo. He has paid thu forfeit of liir. own life for Ins vain-glorintis temerity, but what connlaiinn is that to the surviving kindred of his hundred victims ? The subject nf the dangers of Steam Navigation is now before Congress, and an ell'irt was made on Mondaj last to sus pend tlio rules, in order to take up two bills the Honso ol Representatives, which have nlrcady passed the Senate. But tho j House is involved in tho fog of the qucs Hon of privilege growing out of t he Cilley duel, and would not suspend. It is not improbable, however, thnt tho destruction f tho Moselle, with its wholosalo Elaugh Jer of passengers, will startle tho Houso into prompt and efficient action. The iNCENniAnv or Vicksuuiicii Kil led, Tho Now Orleans papers of the 25th ult. show that tho citizens of that place have been as greatly shocked by the dreadful explosion of the Oronoko, the news of which had just reached them, as thoso of Cincinnati by tlio slill more horrid afi'airofthe Moselle. By the Now Orleans Trtio American wo perceive 70 individuals arc supposed to havo perished in tho Oro. iioko. Tho uoal was new, nun ntieu up with remarkable elegance for private rami lies ond it is now ascertained she had with all this 6how, old boilers. Tho same pa per rolatcs tlio following awful retribution: Among tlio victims to this calamity was ono who, by his own acknowledgement, jully merited his doom. Ilo was a known lilnckleir, and iu Iho extremity ofnsony in which ho died, confessed himself Tho in CPiulinry who lately fired the Pinkard House, with tho fiendish hope of hummo up the city of Vicksbtirg ! Ilevongo fn" Iho acts by which his rcllow gamblers wore routed nut he avowed to bo the onimn Hint influenced him, and denounced another gambler, named Doctor Saunders, not only n his assistant in the act, but as his par tner in the intended sack of tho cilv. That some such purpose; is Mill eniorlained by the infuriated gamblers there is too good reason to holievo, and it behoves the cilizens of Vicksbtirg to keep an active look out. We hopo to acquire still fur thcr information on this subject. DllEADFUL SrEAMIIOAT DISASTER. Tho Sieubeiivillc (O ) Urinii of iho 2-Hh ult. It becomes our painful duty lo record a serious disaster which took placo on board the packet Eutnw, yeslcrdnv morn ing, about 0 o'clock. The boat was pro paring to leave our wharf for Wheeling, in the performance of her daily t rip-, and tho engine had mado but two revolutions in backing out from shnro. when by somo canst; two of the (lues collapsed, which did grunt injuiy to llie hn.it, nnd many persons on board. The clerk, Mr Fulton, was Flight ly scalded ; nno of the engineers, Mr. Smith, badly scalded we regret to learn his life is despaired of; Mr. O'Neal, em ployed on board, had his fckull fractured; Mr. Vanosdell, a deck hand, wba thrown overboard, and was drowned ; an indivnlti ol, whose name wo could not ascertain, is niissni'T. This wo believe was ihn first explosion of the kind that ever occurred at Steubenville, who to censure wo know not, but believe it was caused by inatten tion, and wo hope in future more caro will be taken. HOW SUB-TR EASURER'S WILL WORK. We give the following from the N. Y. Courier for a double purpose: first, to cor reel the iocofucos, some of whom pretend that the government has suflercd immense losses by tho pete, and thus account for tho horrid treasury reports. This is not so. Tho second and main purpose is lo show that government has lost and will lonc enormously by subtrcasurcrs. It appears from official documents, that of the whole amount of public money in the vaults of eighty-eight deposit banks at iho period nf .suspension, but a few dollars will be ultimately lost to the Treasury. The amount thus and then deposited. wa $32, 1 20,050. Ofthis, thirty two millions iwcnty-Ecvon thousand have been paid; about four millions and a half arc oil her paid, drawn for, or secured according to thr; actol Congress; and only about flfiv eix thousand havo been put in suit. Of these fifty-six thousand about forty thou. sand appertain to Ilu; Comuvinwcalth's Bank of Boston, tho especial pet of Isaac Hill, and the Administration and the balance to the Franklm Bank ot llie same city Iho loiter we believe, under the charge of a brolher-in law of Mr Wood bury, who enjoys the entire confidence of his disiinguishcd relative, nnd has imb. bed a large portion of his eminent financial genius. Of Ihn oighty-eight banks employed at the time of the suspension, fortystx havo entirely liqida'ed tho balance against them. Of the remaining I weniy-eighi, the balan ce against twenty had "been drawn for on the C9th of March; ond in eight thu balan ces weto considered "available for public jservicu and subject to draft." Thus it 'appears that no lo-s to tho Treasury k op. j prehended Irom ilu; Depnsitc Hanks, with 1 the exception possibly of the Iwo cae. i above indicated of the iiiititutiuiis in Boston. Hem is ono side ofthc account. Let ussoe how it stands with individual agents and receivers general. For the facts we nro indepifd to an abstract of official doc uments pubh-hed by the Madtsonian: 1. Wn.r.n.M Linn, receiver nf Public .Moneys of lmhlta. Hero is a precious in-iaiice of political custody of Public Monev. On Hie 20'h of October, alter ono or two communications nf a simihi tenor, altogether unnoticed by llie receiver, Ol r oecreiury uoiioury nilUre.-setl liim in I ho following language.- "The public mon eys havo been permitted to nccuinu'aie in your hands, in violation of law and llie in struct inns of the department, since the 31st of May last, and that it amounted on the 30" Ii till nun to the sum of $10,970 30; I am constrained by your continued neglcit to call your immediate attention to the sub. ject, and again to require that the whole of the public moneys in vour po-session be deposited forthwith." This was f Mowed by a menace that in the event of his neg. looting tho admonitions of the department, Mr Woodbury would '"submit the case to the Executive, and recommend tho ap pointment of nnother in his place." Mr Linn continued lo neglect the instructions of Iho department, and instead of being j"emure-.was reappointed when hi term ol service expired, by President Jackson Mr Woodbury continued to threaten and mo more uc inrcaiened the more Mr Lmn would not pay up. The end of ho story may be gathered from nn interesting ex tract of Mr Woodbury's letter under date ofSCtli January, 1030; "Your letter of the 7lh inst. is received, and your resignation accepted by the President. regret that so lat 'ge a balance stands unadjusted in your hands." 2. W. P. IlAnnts receiver at Columbia Mississippi. It appears that as long ago ns March, 1034, the Secrelary wrote to the "individual agent, "complaining that his ret urns wore in arrears for several months, and threatening that if he (Mr Harris) did not square his accounts, he (.Mr Woodbury) would "tell the President." This did not frighten Mr Harris, nnd the Secrelnry found it necessary to spur him up every niunth or two with other loiters uniformly threatening to "tell Ihn President." This was certainly n formidable menace, but Mr Harris regarded it as a bugbear and hum bug, and does not seem to have had half tho lear of Gen. Jackson that was enter tained by Mr Woodbury, lt is evident that in Mississippi thoy did not think tho roaring lion so frightful an animal as ho IV u1wiiiwj iij.ii istiijuai wos considered nt the capital. Mr Harris would notVottlu,' or adj,i-i,orpny over,' or do any thiiiir cgft f 1 1 o kind, till in September, IU37. Mr Woodbury wrote him ns follows.' "Your duties as receiver will, of course, have ceased or been super ceded nfior the 31st ultimo, tho time when you proptxo ynnr resignation should tnko effect." immediate steps it is hoped will bo taken to adjust your accounts, and pav over tho balances," On the list of public defaulters, reported by tho Treasury Detriment in Jnn. a6t stands the iinrunnfMr Receiver Harris debt sued ($109.170 bunds given $30,000! 3. ft. I), liovn Jilr Harris sutcesior.-. Tho unfortunate Secrelary docs not appear to have gained much by supcrsodino- Mr Harris. It was the old gamo over again nut of tho frying-pan into the fire. Mr Boyd, his successor, went into land speculations--and was soon wound up. In June, 1037, tho following ex ranrdmarv letter was received at the Treasury Department, from Mr Garesche. who had been appoin ted to investigato I lie affairs of the office." "The account of tho Receiver, which I havo mado out nnd transmit herewith, presents ngainst him n balance of $35 005 51 His own nccount makes it $53,272 73, which ifl-nlso annexed. His nsseis, of whic.'i I also send you the list, amount to $Gt,543 90, rating the land nt ($1 25 only, but probably might renli.'? tfoublo Hie nmiunt. I ho man seems really penitent and I am inclined to think, in common Willi his friends, that ho is honest, and has been led away from his duty by the example of his predecessor, ond A ceutain looseness in the code or MoiULiTY which hero, does not nioyo in so limited n circle ns it docs with us at home. Another Receiver tenuld probably fallow in the footsteps of the twit. You will not therefore, be surprised if I recommend hn being retained, in pref erence lo nnother app.nnmcnt ; for he has Ins mil full now, and will not be disposed lo tperulale any more!" Mr Woodbury considered this cottreo 'frank and honorable.' i rid so wroto to Mr Garc-clm. Mr Boyd was pcrmitt?d to re main, til! in October he tendered his resig nalion; finding probably, that as no sale's, and no further upp-iri unit ior for speculation, his financ.nl lolents tuirJii bo more mcfiin. bly exerted on another ihea're. On the lib! of defnuliers. Air Boyd figures to tho tune of $G0,I90 12. 1 - L Hawkins rccc her at St Helen a , Arkansas. This "individual ageni" has acted no better than a"soullc? corporation" we believe this is the aril ithcsis of Sena tor Wright. On the 30th of Jnn. 1035, and several times subsequently in that year, Mr Woodbury wrote to inform him that unless ho should behave belter and settle his accounts he would "tell the President." On Iho 20th of Jan. 1330, Mr Hawkins was reported as a defaulter to tho amount of $115,402, due Nov. 1035, for which ho had been sued. His bonds were for 20 -000 ! F 5. J. W. Stephenson receiver at Gale, tia, Illinois. In Nov 1335, this gentleman was informed that Ins return had not been reou'arly forwarded; and the Secretary threatened to report hirn lo UiO Hxectitive, if they were not immediately forthcoming Several other complaining letters wero sent to him by Mr Woodbury, in the course of the two en.-umg years but his name is recorded amntiir iho-e of the dofuulters, to tho tune of $74,059. His bonds are for $30,000! 0. S. XV. Beam -receiver at Green W- T. The same storv onulins m Mr. Beall. Tho Secretary began to threaten him in 1335 and tho defaulting list make-- Intn a debtor to the Government in Jnn. 1030, to the amount of $36,097 with bonds of $20,000 ! 7. R. II. Steiilinc receiver at Cio chutn'i, IV. 7'. This individual neglected to render b.s returns was accused "by the S'-crctn-y of "trailing in hank notes," by cxcl nng.ng thoic received io payment of public lands for bills of inferior value of permitting entries and issuing certificates without payment at the time of entry and of refusing in pnrt pavment for ptib'ic lands n $.'0 hill of the Bank of Virginia, unle-s there was first paid lo him gi dis. cniint on the same. Ho is a debtor lo the Government, nmong the defaulter--, in the sum of$ 1.702 for Hi- payment ef which Mr. Senator Walker is onc'of the sureties. It would se, in thai getn'- man is a friend if thu defaulters as v.eli a? of '' e j-qiiitlers. Sevral other cases of equal inleret whh ilu above, ore given in detail from official authority by the Madtsonian They prove conclusively tha the great objection ton Government B.ink applies lo every system winch makes Government officers the gunrdtans and keepers, as well as the receivers of the Public Money. This objection - an obvious one that these men owe their appointment, in nina cases out of ten, not in any fitness for tho office, but for political services, end from personal favoritism. They are not selected for the place.-, but t he places are selected for them. Their iles-re to tench the salary, and not iheir capacity to discharge the trust, is the inducement to their selection. And yet, with all these cases before him of official delinquency, to sustain d confirm his original assertion that individual agcntu would be lett safe, less responsible,0 ond less economical than corporate institutions. we find Mr. Secretary Woodbury, in obe d'ence to the dictation of his masters, recanting opinions deliberately formed on a review of the whole experience of tho Government, and recommending that tho cnliro revenue of the Government should be placed in the hand3 of those receivers general ! New MANonr. M. JautJrct, of Aix in Franco claims to have mado n discovery of tho highest importance -nothing less Ihan n means of making n rich and fertiliz. ing insnuro in any quantity by a chemical prnccss, from materials every where easily obtained, and nt little cost. Tho discovery if it really is what it promises to be, is ono of the must important ever mado by hu man invention. It yet remains a secret, but M Jaudrot has satisfied many practi cal moii in France and England of ils com plete utility by experiments made by him. Of tho manures we now have, n great portion is wasted or turned to little account. Very low farmers in this country inako tho most of tho manures within thoir reach. The most valuable, that fiom sinks vaults,