fa 3$ttXttt&tim ffixtt fflvt NOT THE GLORY OF CiESAK HUT THE W E L F A UE OF HOME. BY IX. B. STACY. FRIDAY, JUJVE 1, 1838. VOL,. XI No. 571 For tlio N. E. Fanner. THE FIELD OF WHEAT. I have n little garden spot; 'T is daily my delight ; I Ficinl :i pleasant huur in 't, At morning, noon, and night. 1 cultivate the beau, llie pea, The eariot and the beet ; Bui yet, I wish I'd land enough To raieo n field of wheat. 1 rove around the neighborhood, And view each fertile spot, The verdant close, the blooming hill, Tlio fragrant clover lot ; Dut yet there's no one half so fair. No perfumo half no tueet, As that enjoyed, when passing by My neighbor's ,tctl of wheal, I ken the man nf Mattakees, And him f Dancing-hill ; They both knuvv how to farm it right, A I'd both can wield a quill. In theory, and in practice too None better do we meet ; Yet one, he is for raising corn, The other is for. toheat. T is very strange with men of senso Such difference pliotiM be ; Ay, with such worthy gentlemen : (Here's haio, and hero is gee !) Nolone need lliink in argument The otlrr e'er to beat ; So, pl.int your Indian corn, my friend, And you. tny friend, your wheat. The Legislature's premium, I think it comes in time, And will pioiluce n greater yield. Than gxpsum, marl, or lime. Mav our wise fathers icaliza The benefit complete, And all old Massachusetts wave With bounteous fields of wheat. O, these are times for husbandmen ; I'll huc a little farm ; And I will labor loo, myself, C'V will never do me harm ;) And then my friends, who visit mo, Pull Imarlilv I'll meet. And show them how with my own hands, Vq raised n Jiela of wheat. So. hail, jo brother farmers all! Ye tillers of llie ground, Whoso labor tends to cheer the mind, And make the body sound ; Think it not strange, if even Should venture to compete, And try my luck to gain a prize ; l'lic l'rcmiuiii for wheat. AGR1COLA, LADY LUCY'S PETITION. A TALE FOUNDED ON I'ACTS. And is mv papa shut up in thia disma placo, to which you ore taking; mo, nurso." aaked the Lady Lucy Preston, raising her oyos fearfully to the tower of London, ae Iho coach in which she was seatd with Amy Gradwoll, hor nurse, drove under the gateway. She trembled, and hid her face in Amy's cloak, when they nlightcd, and eho saw the soldiers with their crossed par tizans, before tho portals of that part of the fortress where the prisoners of state were confined, and where her own fathor, Lord Preston, of whom she was come to take her last farewell, was then confined, under sentence of death. 'Yes, my dear child,' relumed Amy, sorrowfully, "My Lord, ynur father, is in doed within these sad walls. You are now going to visit him. Shall you be afraid of entering this place, my dear ?" 'No,' replied Lady Lucy, resolutely; 'I am not ufraird of going to any place where my dear papa is." Yet she clung closer to the arms of her at tendant, n3 thoy wcro admitted within the gloomy precincts of tho building, and her littlo heart fluttered fearfully as eho glanced around hor, and she whispered to her nurso: "Was it not here that the two young Princes, Edward tho Fifth, and his brother Richard. Duke ol York, were mur dered by their cruel Undo Richard, Duke of Gloucester?" Yes, my love, it was; but do not bo nlnrmcd on that account, ftr no one will harm you," said old Amy, in on encourng inir tone. And was not good King Henry the Sixth murdered hero, also, by that sacc wicked Richard?' continued tho littlo girl, whose imagination was full of tho records of deeds of blood that had been perpetrated in this fatally cclobralcd placo, many of which had been related to her' by Bridget Iloldworlh, tho housekeeper, einco her father had been imprisoned in tho lower on tho charge of high treason. 'But do you think thoy will murder papa minor pursued mo ciniu, as tnoy ascen dod tho stairs leading to tho apartment ii which tho unforlunato noblemen was con fined. Hush! hush ! dear child, you must not talk oflheso thing hore,' said Amy, 'or they will shut us both up in a room with bolls anu oars, insicuu ui uuuiuini u i see mv Lord, vour father.' T.mlu t.iipv nrosEcd closor lo her nurso' eido, and was silent till they were ushered into tho room whero her father was connn cd, when, rorgolling every ming oit,u i tinr iov at Eeeinir him again, eho spran into his arm?, and almost stifled him with her kisses. Lord Preston was greatly affected at the sight of his littlo daughter, - I... I... n.-:nnin ilnmnn. ana, overcame uy n pdoiuuv ttralioni of fondness, his own anguish at tho inougni ui m upproaenwg bujjuiuuu from her, and tho idea of leaving hor a omhan at her tendor ago. (for she had onl juit comploted her ninth year, and had lost lior roomer J no ciaepou ner to ins uumuui anu oeuiwcu nor iiiuucem isc wim m VVhv do vou cry, dear papa ?' aekod the nnocent child, who was herself weeping at ho sitflit of his distress. 'And why will vou not leave this gloomy place, and come homo to your own hall again ?' Attend to me, Lucy, anu i win ton you ho cause of mv criof,' said the fathor, scat ing the litllogirl on his knuo : 'I shall never como again, for I hovo been condemned for high treason, which moans an offeneo against the King, and I shall not leave this l .111 I..;,,,, mn fartl, nn Tmi'nr. (IIUL.U UN mur umifj iuih. ........ hill, where tlicv will cut off my head with a sharp axe, and sot it up afterwards over Temple liar or London uridgo.' At this terrible intelligence, JLiauy uucy screamed aloud, and hid her face in her lath or'e bosom, which she welted with her tears. Be composed, my dear child, said Lord Preston, 'for I have much to say to you, and wo may never meet again on this citlo of tho gravo.' 'No, no! dear papa,' criou sne, "tncy shall not kill you, for I will cling so fast to your neck that they shall not bo able to cut your lioad oft ; and i win ten mem an how good and kind you aro, and then thoy will not want to kill you.' My dearest love, this is all simplo tniK. ing,' said Lord t'reston. "i nave ouenuou against tho law, aa it is at present estab lished, by trying to have my old master, King James, restored to tho throno, and thoroforo I must dio. Do you remember, Lucy, I took you once to Whitehall to see King James, and how kindly ho spoko to you r 'Oh, yes, papa! and l rcconoci no laiu his hand on my head, and said I was like what hia daughter, tho Princess of Orange was at my ago,' replied Lady Lucy, with great animation. 'Well, my child, very shortly after you saw King James at Whitehall, tho Princo of Grange, who married his daughter, camo over lo England, and drove King James out of his palace and kingdom, and the people made him and tho Princess of Oranrre King and Queen in his stead.' 'But was it not very wicked of tho Princess of Orange to join with her hus band to tako her father's kingdom from him ? I am very sorry King James thought mo like hor,' said Lady Lucy earnestly, 'Hush, hush ! mv love, you must not talk 6o of tho Princess of Orange, for perhaps sho considered the was doing right, in de priving hor father of his kingdom, because ho had embraced the Catholic religion, and it is against the law for a King of England to bo a Catholic. Yet I confess 1 did not believe she would havo consented to sign the death-warrants of so many of her fath er's old servants, only on account of their faithful attachment to him,' said Lord rres ton. with a sigh. 'I havo hoard that tho Princess of Orahgo is of a merciful disposition,' said old Amy Gradwcll. advancing towards her master 'and perhaps sho might bo induced to spare vour life, mv Lord, if your pardon wero very earnestly cntroalod ofher by eomo of vour Iriends.' 'Alas! my goou Amy, i navo no one ho will undcrtako tho perilous office of netting tho royal grnco lor nn nunincu ailor, lest they should be suspccicu 01 voring tho causo of King James.' Dear nana ! let mo go lo tho Queen, and beg for your pardon,' cried Lady Lucy, ilh a crimsoned cheek and a sparKiing ye. "1 will so neg anu pray ner to sparu our life, dear papa, that she will not have tho heart to deny me.' Simple child!" exclaimed tho lamer, what should you bo able to say to the Queen, that would bo of any avail ?" God would teach ins what to soy, and ho hns power also to touch hor heart with pity for a child's distress, and to open her ear to my earnest petition.' Her father clasped her to his bosom, and said, "Thou wouldst bo afraid of speaking to the Queen, oven if thou shouldst bo ad. mittcd to her presence, my child." Why should 1 be afraid ol speaking to he Queen, papa? for even if sho would be ngry with me, and answer narsniy, i hould bo thinking too much of you, father, to mind it : or if she woro to send mo to tho tower and cut off my head, sho could onlv kill mv body, but would have no pow cr at all to liuri my soui, which is unuer tho protection of One, who is greater than nv king or nuccn upon carili. 'You aro right, my child, to fear God, and to have no other fear,' said hor father It is He who hath, perhaps, put it into your hearl to plead with tho Queen for my lire; winch, it it bo Ilia pleasuro to grant, I fchall feel it indeed a happiness for my child to bo made the instrument ol my do iverancc from the ponls of death, which now encompass me ; but ii it snouiu do otherwise His will bo dono. Ho hath promised to bo a father to tho fatherless and ho will not forsake my good and dutiful child when 1 am low in tho dust." 'But how will Lady Lucy gain admit tancc to tho Queen's presence, mv lord ?' said old Amy, who had been a weoping spectator of the sceno between tho fathor and chiiu. I will writo a letlcr to hor godmother t.!ic Lady Clarendon, requesting her to ac comnlish tho matter.' lo men wrote a iow nasty lines to mat lady, which he gave to his daughter, tolling her she was to go mo next urty to iiampton Court, properly attended, and to obtain a sight of Lady Clarendon, who was there in wailing upon the Queen, anu ucuvcr mat leltor to hor with her own hnnd. He then kissed his child tenderly, and bado hor faro well. Though tho little child wept at par ting with her father, yet sho loft tho tower with a far moro composed mind than sho entered it ; for sho had formed her resolu lion, and her young heart was full of hopo. Sho had silently committed hor causo to God, and eho trusted that Ho would dispoao i ho r-vont nrosnorouslv for hor. Tho next morning boforo tho lark had nung hor mating, Lady Lucy wui up and dressed in a suit of deep mourning, which Amy had provided os tho most suitable garb for a daughtor whoso only surviving parent was under tlio sentence of death. The servants, who had been informed of their young lady's intention to solicit the Qtiocn for lor father's freedom, wero as sembled in tho onlranco hall to sco hor do part; and as sho passed through them, leaning on hor nurso's arm, and attended by her father's confidential secretary, ond the old butler, thoy shod tears, and bade God bless hor, and prosper hor In her do sign. Lady Lucy, arrived at Hampton Court, was introduced into tho Countess of Clar endon's apartment, before her ladyship was out of bed, and having told her artless talc with great earnestness, delivered her fath or'a letter. L,auy L-iarenuon, who was wifo to tho Queen's undo, was very kind to hor young god-daughter, but plainly told hor bIic must not reckon on her influ ence with tho Queen, becauso tho Earl of Clarendon was in disgraco on account of being suspected of carrying on a correspon denco with King James his hrotlicr-in law ; therefore sho dared not solicit tho Queen on behalf of her friend, Lord Preston, against whom her majesty was so deeply exasperated that sho had declared she would not show any mercy. Oh !' said the little girl, 'if I could only see tho Queen myself, I would not wish any one to speak for me, tor I should plead so earnestly for my dear papa's lifo, that she could not refuse me, 1 in sure. 'Poor child, what could you say to the Queen?' asked the Countess, compassion ately. 'Only let mo sec hor and you shall hear,' rejoined Lidy Lucy. Well, my love, it were a pity but what you then should have an opportunity,' said Lady Ularenuon; 'but much I fear thy little heart will fail thee, and when thou sccst the Queen faco to face, thou wilt not be able to utter a syllable. God will direct tho words of my lips,' said the little girl, with tears in her eyes. The Countess was impressed with the piety and filial tenderness of ficr little god daughter; ond sho hastened to rise and dress, that sho might conduct the child into the palace gallery, where tho Queen usu ally passed an hour in walking, after her return from chapel which sho attended every morning. Her majesty had not left the cliapel when Lady Ularonuon and Lady Lucy entered the gallory ; and her lady ship endeavored to divert the anxious imua ticnccofhcr littlo friend, by pointing out to ner mo portraits wim winch it was adorned. 'I know that gentlemen well,' said the child pointing to a noble whole length por trait of James tho Second. 'That is the portrait of the deposed King James Queen Mary's father,' obsecrvd tho Countoss, sighing; and a very striking likeness it is of that unfortunate monarch but hark, here comes tho Queen, with hor chamber lain and ladies, from chapol; now, Lucy, is the time. I will stop into tho recess yonder, you must remain alone, standing whore you are, and when her majesty op. proaches near enough, kneel down on one kneo beforo her and present your father s petition. Sho who walks n little in ad vance of the other ladies is the Queen. Bo of good courage, and address yourself to ler." Lady Clarendon then made a hasty re treat. Lucy's heart fluttered violently when sho found herself alone, but hor res olution did not fail her ; and while her lip moved violently in fervent prayer to the Almighty for his assistance in this trying moment, sho stood with folded hands, pale composed, and motionless as a statue awaiting the Queen's approach; and when her mojesty drew near the spot, advanced step forward, knoll and presented the petition. The extreme beauty of tho child, her deep mourning, tho touching sadness of her look manners, and, abovo all, the stream ing tears which bedewed her face, excited tho Queen's attention and interest, eho paused, spoke kindly to her, and took tho offered paper; but whensho saw tho name of Lord Preston, her color rose. Sho frowned, cast tho petition from hor, and would havo passed on, but Lucy, who had watched hor countcnanco with a degree of anxious interest that amounted to agony, osmg all awo of royalty in her fears for her father, put forth her hand, and grasping the Queen's robe, cried in an imploring tone, 'Sparo mv father my dear, dear father, royal lady !' Lucy had meant to say icany persuasive things, but forgot them all in her soro distress, and could only repeat tho words "mercy, mercy, for my father, gracious Queen!' till her vehement emotion checked her voico ; and throwing her arms around tho Queen's neck, she leaned her head against her mojosty's per son for support, and sobbed aloud. Tho intonso sorrow ofa child is peculiar ly touching; but tho circumstances under which Lucy appeared woro more than commonly affecting. It was a daughter, not beyond tho soaBon of infancy, overmas tering tho timidity of that tender ago, to becomo tho suppliant loan offended eovor. c'i?n for tho life of a father. Queen Mary pitied the distross oi nor young peiiuimur, hut dim considered tho death of Lord Pros- ton as a matter of political necessity ; sue thcreforo told Lucy mildly, nut tirmiy, mat sho could not grant her rcquost. nut ho is kind and good to every ono,' said I.iicu. mining her bluo CVC8, which wero swimming with tears, to mu iucu ui
tho Quocn, Ho mnv bo nn to vou. child,' returned her mojesty, 'but he has brokon the low of his country, and theroforo must uio, But you can pardon him if you chooso to do so, madam,' replied Lucy ; ' and I havo road that God ia well pleased with thoso wh.o forgivo i for ho lias eaiJ, 'Bleescd aro tho merciful, for thoy shall obtain mercy.' 'It does not bocotno a littlo girl liko you to attempt to instruct mo,' replied tho Queen, gravely ; ' I am acquainted with my duty, and as it is my placo to adminis ter juttico impartially, it is not possible for mo to pardon your father, however painful it may bo for mo.to deny tho rcaucil of so dutiful a child.' Lucy did not reply ; sho only raised hor eyes with an appealing look to tho Queen, and turned them expressively on tho por rait of King Jamos, opposite to which her. majesty was then standing. There was something in thai look that boro no common 1 meaning; and tho Qucon, whoso curiosity was excited by tho peculiarly emphatic monnor of the child, could not refrain from asking whereforo eIio gazed so carnostly upon that picture. '1 was thinking,' replied Lady Lucy, how strange it was that you should wish lo kill my father, only becauso ho loved yours so faithfully !' This wiso but artless reproof from tho lips of infant innocenco, went to tbo heart of tho Queen ; sho raised hor eyes to the once dear and honored countcnanco of a parent, who, whatever were his political errors as a king, or his offence against others, had ever been tho tendcrest of parents to hor, and tho roincmbrace that ha was an exile in a foreign land, relying on tho bounty of strangers for his daily bread, while sho and her husband were invested with tho legal inheritance of which ho had been deprived, pressed upon her tho thought of tho contrast of her conduct 09 a daughter, when compared with tho filial piety of tho child before her, whom a sentenco of hers was about to render an orphan. Rise, dear child,' sho said, 'thou hast prevailed thy fathor shall not die. I rant his pardon al thy entreaty thy filial iovo has saved him.' From the Cultivator. THE NEW HUSBANDRY. HI. GOOD TILLAGE. When thorough draining has boon ef fected, upon lands to be benefitted thereby, thcro is another operation which is calcu lated to aid in the efficiency of manures, and in tho increase of farm products. This is good tillago a perfect pulveriza tion of the soil, and the keeping it free Irom weeds, which retard the growth of the crop, and rob it of its food. Good til lage is important not onlv 03 it serves to exterminate weeds, to facilitato tho diges tion of vegetable food, and to mix and incorporate this food, with earthy elements, but as it breaks and mellows tho soil, and enables the roots of plants to range freely in search of this food. Every farmer must have obsorved, that where tillage has been but imperfectly performed, as is sometimes seen about stumps and rocks, and near fences, the crop is comparatively feeble and light. This is not owing to the poverty of the soil, because the plough, as it rises lo tho surface in theso places, do. positcs and accumulates there the best and finest mould of the field. Tho feebleness of tho grain arises from the imperfect til lage which thoso spots receive. The old practice of carrying tho main furrows to the extremity of the hold, and of dis pensing with head lands, is a bad and slovenly ono, and ought to bo evory where exploded. The cut and cover practice, is still worse, as it leaves one-halt, and somo times two-thirds, of the soil, undisturbed bv tho plough. Wc remember well, that when wo followed the plough in our boyish days, and knew nothing of the philosophy of ploughing, our aim was, to go over much ground, and snow a piougcu Buriace, regarding the complete breaking up of the soil as of minor importance. There will always bo a great many boys at the plough, until tho importance of good ploughing is better understood. Uood ploughing con sists in breaking or turning every inch of tlio soil ; and good tillago requires that tho harrow and roller should finish, if the plough has failed to effect, a complete pul verization of tho soil. A greon swatd becomes pulverulent as tho roots of tho grasses decay, and is best without a second furrow, becauso this turns again to tho surface, to the wasting influence of tho sun and winds, tho vogelablo matters buried by tho first ploughing, and which, if loft buried, would contribute largely to the Riiitonnnco of the crop. A9 the roots of the grasses decay, tho soil becomes loose mid Dorous. and is pcrmcauie to moisture, air and heat, Honco tho udvantago of fallow crops over naked fallows, and of depositing seeds upon tlio lop or a ciover lay ; llio sou men imparts lorinuy to mu soil, whilo it enables it to derivo important advantages from the co-operation ot oxter nal agents. Hood tillage reouirca. that wuoro prac ticahlo. as in tho culturo of drilled and hoed crops, tho surfaco soil should bo kepi cloan and pulverulent, whilo mo crop is crowing, for tho same reason mat mo son is rcquircu to ue muuo su uuiuiu ukpuaiiiux ilm seed, viz: to facilitate tho decomposi tion of tlie vegotablo food, to stimulato the nrrrnns of i ho nlaiits. and incrcaso mo nrnwth and nroduct of the crop. T is no uetier cxpeuicm ir ihuvuuiiuk - ovils of drought upon a soil, man mat o Upon nrr t ho surfaco me low anu cican Atmospheric air and dow, bolh always charged with tho nutnlivo loou oi piama cnit ph into fill m a sur ace as into a euuuuu .n.l imiinrtn In tlio roots of tllatltB both aliment and stimuli, Dews fall upon a nam surface, and aro evaporated ny mo rm mjs of l ho morninr? sun; but llioy vene fn?n. and moisten and fruc lify it. Hcnco tho high rcputo of tho drill husbandry, which onablos tno cultivator i Good tihVe lias refcienco to depth, woll as quality of tilth. "Thcro arc many plants, tho roots of which aro found at fifteen to twcnt)t and even thirty feet under ground sainfoin and lucorn, for instance; oven red clover will strike down to nearly throo foot if tho soil bo a fertile loam ; and somo of our commonest vege tables, if it bo friable or sandy, push their tap roots to about tho sarno depth. Tho roots of wheat will ponclrato as far as eight inches into tho earth; and when 6own on tho crown of ridges, they have been found at the depth of twelve. Wo may thcreforo assumo tho depth of twelve inches as tho utmost vegctativo limit of corn land, f rovided tho soil bo open and fertile, the nearer its depth approaches to 12 inches, the greater number of plants may it thcreforo bo supposed capablo of furnishing with support." Brit. Hutb. vol. ii, p. 49, 50. Soils should bo plouged as deop as tho substratum will admit, at least onco in a course of crops, if this can be reached with the force of an ordinary team ; and when tho surfaco soil is super hcial, it should bo deepened, as fast as fertility can bo imparted, by turning up, at suitablo intervals, somo portion of the sub- soil. The atmosphcro imparts to this ap parent inert earth, moro or less of the olements of fertility. Baron Von Voght, increased vastly tho valuo and products of his farm, by increasing tho depth of his mould,'(krumc,) or vcgctablo pasture, in this way, in the period of sixteen years, from three to fourteen inches. Land that work. Harrows and other implements in the outset would only yield him fouttccn havo undergone a liko improvement. Be bushols of ryo to the acre, was by this sides, new implements, which greatly econ. modo of improvement brought to yioid omisc the expenso of linage, are coming twcnly.four bushels of wheat; and the into use, as tho roller, cultivator, drill bar improvement was not confined to a part, row, &c, so that a farm may now ba but extended to the whole farm, comprising some hundred acres. The reader is refer, red, for a detail of theso improvements, and an account of the Baron's excellent system of husbandry, to No 1, Vol. 2, of tho Cultivator. And it has just been an nounced to us in a foreign journal, as ono of the greatest improvements of tho age, in rural affairs, that a plough has been invented, which breaks and pulverizes the Bubsoil, without turning it to tho surface, Its advantages to agriculturo aro thus described by Lo Fever, in Loudon's Mag- often imperfect. Good ploughing it all azine: important lo good farming, and still ther Smith's Bubinil nlourdi seems calculated to reader the most sterile and unproductive soil fertile more imperfectly performed, than this gen and profitable. Mr. Smith's most ingenious iufen- orally has been. Light soils seldom require tion, by breaking the subsoil without bringing it lo iho surface, renders it pervious to bolh air arid place 'in a fallow, owing to its exposure to the action of tho winds and rain, nre thus brought into operation ii) uio suusoii, wiiiisi inn euriaut: eun is in the ordinary course of cropping ; and when, after a few vcars. bv a greater depth of ploughing the subsoil is' mixed with the upper soil, it is found to be so completely chained in its nature, ns to be capable ot producing every Kiodot corn." Jcthro Tull and his disciples maintained, that the great sccrot of inducing fertility, consisted in minutely dividing and pulvcri- zing the soil by culture ; and John Taylor, the Arator ot Virginia, and an excellent practical, as woll as scientific farmer, con- .idorcd the atmosphere as tho great store. bouse of voidable loou, whore this food exists in a gaseous form. Tho good tillage wo advocalo embraces all the advantages of Tull's and Taylor's theories, withoui lessoning the importance which wo attach to barn-yard manure. Tim dfjen nlouorhino- of drv land, or the breaking up and stirring of tho subsoil, nrnmntrfs feriilitv. hv ineroasinrr the Dower of tho land to absorb water by cohesive attraction. The power ofsoils to absord water from air," says Davy, "is much con- nectcd with fertility. This power depends in a great measure upon the state of division of its parts, tho moro divided they aro, tho greater their absorbent power, When this power is great, the plant is supplied with moisture in dry seasons ; and the effect or evaporation in tho day ia counteracted by tho absorption of aqueous vapor from tho atmosphere, by mo interior parts of the soil during the day, and by both tho exterior and interior uuring tnc night." Tho eoil imbibes caloric earlier in the spring, and retains it later in autumn, in proportion as it is dry and doep, a mat- tor of high consideration in cold climates, where the length of the summer scarcely suffices to mature the crops. Tho quality and dryness being tho same, a soil is fertile and durablo in proportion to the dopth of tno iiuaga which it receives i tix hiuiiuh giving nearly doublo the pasture for plants that a throo inch stratum docs and a twelve inch tilth greatly exceeding in pro- ductivoncss, ono of only six inches. Von i nacr calculates tnib uiuoroncc in prupur tionato degroes in lands which contain a vegetative stratum of soil of four, six. eight and twolvo inches in depth; provi dod, of course, that it bo all of equal qual ity, it, mereioro, oacn soou were to pro- duco a plant, it would follow that ground which contains eight inches of dopth of fertilo mould, might bo sown with doublo tho quantity of that which consists of only I four inches, mo nowevor admits, mat mis principle cannot bo carried lo that extent, because Iho action of tho atmosphere must ever afford that superiority to iho surfaco, lhatacubic foot of mould, if divided into fwo square feet, will always produce a greater number of plants than if the seed woro sown upon one looi supernciai; out ho assumes tho valuo of tho land to bo ncroased in tho proportion of oight por cent for ovory inch of mould boyond the depth of six to ten inches, and to bo dimin- isbed, in tho samo proportion, from six lo three inches, in eoiIs of a thinner staple Principes Raisonnei d' Agriculture, vol. Hi. p. 133, t. 735. Theso considerations havo been hitherto but littlo regarded in our practice, though thoy constitute important featuro in tho new system :iu husbandry. Good tillage demands also, mo exurpa- aejupon a boii tends to impair no icmiuy, weeds generally mere than eoltitatcd crops, because thoy aro generally lha most hardy, and tho greatest consumers of vejf ctabla food. Thoy aro particularly preju. dicial to crops in a' dry season, as they exhaust tho noil of rnoialuro in proportion to their superficies or tho eurfaco of tboir stoma ond leaves, some species transpiring their weight of moUturo ovory twenty (our hours. Tho drill culturo and deep plough ing both losscn Iho evil of woedi; tho first tends to destroy them, and tho latter to bury their seeds so deep, as to prevent tha plants getting ahead of, and choking, lha young crop. Clcau tillago bat been too. much ncgloctcd in our practice. Many crops nro diminished a fourth, a third, end a half, by pasliforoui woods which Bra permitted to saod and propagtto upon th land. Good tillago requires good implements. and these to be kept in order, that lha farm work mav bo economically done, and wait dono, and dono at the proper time. Th disparity between old and now impleotota ot culturo is groat, not only to the titns omployed, but in the manner in which tbey do the work, and in tho power which it required to perform it. The old plough required a four cattlo team, and two hands. to manago it, and the work, ordinarily, wai but half executed. Tho improved plough is generally propelled by two cattle, rt quires but one man lo manage it, and, when properly 'governed, performs thorough worked, with half Iho expense of labor that it was wont to bo worked forty yeara ngo, and may bo better worked withal. Mind, likewise, where it is put in requiii lion, and enlightened by science, ii doing ton times moro in aid of agricultural labor than it formerly did. If we revert to old, and in most case lo present practices, we shall perceive, that thorough tillage has not been sufficiently attended to. Our implements have been defective, and too manner of using loom is no labor upon tho farm that has been hut n flin e p02hing for the seed, if Well cxecule(. but if badly executed two ploughings are too little. Our implements arc, however, daily improving, the impor- i innco oi guuu uug? i uokuiiiiuk iuuio , Qn( moro apparent, and our practical' knowledge is increasing. Povebtt. It is no honor to be rich, and no disgrace to be poor ; therefore it is cx cocdingly foolish to strive oltcr tho appear- ance of wealth, if wo are poor, and to bo ashamed of tho poverty which circumstan. . u.-i,. rrh;a ft,ii ; cc9 bave brouEhl uPon. us' Tnia foly 18 a sourco oi continual miseryi nnu is suiuum productive of any good, A Fatal Biudil Excursion. A most honrt-ronding occurrence recently took placo in tho vicinity of Chilicothe, (0.) A party, comprising a mother and her only daughter, wero on an ejtcursien in tho neighborhood of the Alleghany mountains. The daughtor had only been married t fortnignt. Ail mo party ooing very iouu of angling, thoy determined to pass a day or two on tho bank of a most romantic stream, famed for its excellent trout, Whilo the goutleman had gono into an adjoining wood to search for bait, the elder ol tho two ladies fell into tho 6tream, and in her filial anxioty to rescue her mother. me young uriuo unioriuuaieiy But, ucjuhu her depth, and both wero swept down by tno current, me uniiapyy ui ju returned to tho water os thoy both tank. ior iuo mm uum. Tho grandiloquence of tome of thd stump orators 6urpasscth Crocket. Tho- . . . . . ...,, nf th.. ,J" . ' Del. JUornmg i osi. "Fellow- citizons I am standing bore on Q throne proudor than any in Europe in mo inco oi tno univornu, aim in mu euumuo presenco of tho peoplo; and I stand hero B9 tho lineal descendant of the goddess of Liberty ! Yes, I was raised at tho breut 0f that glorious individual ! Her arm bat sustained me, ner suiciu nas guarueu mo every poli'ical fight I over bad and I biv had a good many ; her voico has buzzed I my cars; ond many a time, when I baft been partly defeated by foes, she bis rau ,no from the dust in tno tuicneiv i im conflict "Has laid my linrjuid hed upon her knee, And bathed my bloody brow with tantty Uo. a TnnEF. folu uuei.- sceno was about to tako place in Arkansas, opposilo Princeton, at the last dates. Tho New Orleans Picayune states that tna chicr principals uau unc i i.uuuv, s several weeks to soltlp llicir dilTicultios al Natches. Onco they met on tho fiold, but ootoro itc-nuuus uui ".; prohended by tho civil authorities, i ncy wcro suusoqucm y uuuuu uvur iu peace both in Mississippi and Louisiana. i inr.n mr uiuuu, uuwuvui, insatiablo-nnd ono of tho individuals con- cernou aiuuu iimuki-u, our imui -.... to fight throo different antagonists in ono day. The fights, wc understand, woro to bo with pistol, but a variety of other weap. an ons xvcro taucn niqng niinniB ' ui uenuiy iiowiu kimii., L , i 1 ments, wo aro loio, wcro v' - dressed up at Grand l.uir, as uio piruc u j oemc ' l"u '""" tsars.