Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, June 8, 1838, Page 2

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated June 8, 1838 Page 2
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Bfmcd force: mid immediate measures will bo required lo HfTurtl ntnplu prolcclion to British vessels in our writers, or nil ennfi. donco and iniorcoii ro will bo broken up. "I hnvo thought it advisnblo that Gen. Cross, of tho militia, should call out one or two companies of dragoons, to go to French Greek i whither 1 eliall proceed with the sheriff this afternoon. "No person to our knowlcdgo was re cognized as having been engaged in thif outrage, but individuals residing otFr'cnch Creek havo been missing for several days." From Jason r airparks, Deputy war. elial: "I intend immediately (o repair lo French Creek with Doctor Carrier, tho collector, and nnofliccr, authorized to call out the militia if necessary. A letter has just been received from French l,rcek calling for a force to protect them from boing burnt to night os a measure of retaliation. "All is excitement here; and a rumor is nfloal that the arrangements of tho pirates woro to make a simultaneous attack upon oiglit different boats at different places." FKIDAV MORNING, JUNE 8. COUNTY CONVENTION. The MViigs of llic Cotinly of Chittenden, arc lietcliy rcnuwtcil to meet in convention nt bugle Hull, in v illitfion, on Monday llio ISih day of June nut., nt 10 o'clock A. 91., lo nomuiiitc two bcita - tors for said comity, nml for the transaction of oilier important business. It is earnestly dcsiied thai each inn in (lie county bo represented by nt least ilireo delegates. JOHN N. POMEROY.1 JAMES I. CUTLER, County Wm l im!G(JS, f Comm. JOriEIMI CLARK, j We publish on our first pago tho par ticulars of a most flagrant outrngo upon o British steam boat, while in our waters. Wo aro glad to learn, however, that it was not tho act of American citizens. It was perpetrated by a band of Canadian refu gees, who, it is Enid had a camp on an isl find in the St. Lawrence. But this in no way absolves our authorities from the ob ligation to ferret out and bring to condign punishmnet tho porpotratore. M'Nab, to be sure, was knighted for a similar act; but wc must protest against tho precedent, on tho present occasion. Two wrongs never make a right. Ten of the brigands havo been arrested nnd committed to jail. It is understood that there aro twelve more concorncd. Tho Editor of tho Pittsburgh rFhig was summoned to rTindsor to givo evidence against Nelson and Coto, but like most or tho witnesses, ho knew little that went to make a case. Ho has however made a very good paragraph out of it. Wo quote tho concision. We have been nt n Iojs to divine why the Dis tricl Attorney should summon us to Windsor, be cihiss lie certainly could not want us lliere for any thing wo could testify in the case. It may he be cause ho is n ery clever f How. nnd has withal a rprhikling of elate pride, fur which wo aro uot in the least inclined to censtiro him, for thcro are many thing of which ,i Vermonicr may well be piouih 'To commence nt this end of the jotiincy, iIipio is a splendid new slc.un boat, the llurlington, nnd its able and genilenianly commander, Capt. Sherman, of both of which, General Kellog; as n Vcrmonicr may justly lie proud. Then again llieir Hotels and tlieir attentive hosts, their stages on the routo from ISm lington lo Windsor, with their sober careful driieis and accommodating pro prietors, if tlicic was nothing else, won hi make a man prowl of Vermont. Why, i lie fact is, nil a man litis in look nut for is, not lo cat too much or be afraid to ride ton f.isi; for llic way these fix horse coaches eo ahead is enough to mako a icm periince man' head swim. Wc can easily iina pino thai Gen. Kellogg would like in show iho fine liill country round nboul the east sido of the moon Idins, and its gintid and beautiful scenery. Like ns not the now Stale House nt Jloulpclier wns in Ids eye. Judging fiom its exterior, il is a splendid edifice, worthy lo hold the represcnlalives of a fice people. il.iy its walls never echo lo llic mandates of n tyrant, or n fiecmnn's voice raised to rivet tho fetirrs, or crush the trembling hopes of I he oppres sed or enslaved. Now is it not possible that the principal thing the one of which the district attor ney is pm ticularly proud, is the sterling, unbending, undying patriotism of his fellow citizens. He w is lied perhaps, to demonstrate to tho world, that lho s n ci ttl fires of liberty, kindled in the days of tho American rcvululion, in Vermont, by the pat riot heroes ol '70, still buni3 there, in llic henrls of his countrymen, with undiminished strength. 'That the same ablioricncc of I'.rititli lyriuny, I lie same ordent nnd devoted lovo of republican liberty that nrmcd Ethan Allen and his patriot band in defence of tluj right of the Green jluuulain .Slate, dwells quicily but securely among her green hills, IT litis was ins object in taking the Canadian Patriots to n'iadsorfora Iri.tl, and us for witness ngninst Jho.n, it has been most triumphantly accomplished. There was in the countenances of the nirod and vciioinblc appearing grand jurors, ns lliey slootl up lo heir the charge from Judgn 'Thompson, that which convinced us then, that tyrants had no ad vocates in tlieir number, nnd ili.it such men would mui deny uo convinced, mat inose wiio bad sacri ficed eierv ilimo tn i;r, ,, mlinw, , I . :,,.,. ,.. fronwi foreign joke, were to bo denounced ns stum criminals, The result proved that wo were not uii3iur.cn. Wo have received the first No. of the Lamoile River Exprcss,pMkicA at John son J. W. Remington publisher, and C. G. Eastman editor. It ja a lurge, fair Bhcct, filled with spicy editorials, but wo nro eorry to add, loco fooo in its politics. But eur friend Eastman is doubtless sound In his theology, for wo obscrvo ho has dc votod throo columns lo a dofenco of the Sub-treasury ichomo. Verily ho must bo live that "the dead shall oriso." On the subject or tho Congressional Election the Expross aaya that it shall not support "Mr. Van Ness's baggage ogain." This wo toko to bo the very cxtromo or heterodoxy. Not voto for Mr Van Ness's baggage I Why, wo eupposod thin to bo a cardinal point, and that tho cxerciso of a saving faith would require ovory trn0 f00wor to accept even of Kincart's ns q substitute, in coso lho Governor's boxes ehould not ar. rive in eoison. By tho way, thjB is on election just ahead ; and svill tnjenlinol again inform us iduii Mr Van Ness j'j coming home. ( Canada. Lord Durham look llio oaths of ofliico at Quebec on Tuesday week and immediately issued a proclamation, declar ing hifc purposo lo administer tho govern. ment without rcferonco to distinction of parly, or of race, $c. and that tho honest and conscientious advocates of reform, and of the melioration of defective insli'ulions, will receive from him all tho assistance and encouragement which their patriotism has a right to command. His Lordship has notified the Executive Council that ho has no occason for their services, as ho intends to administer tho government on his own hook. Tholler and Sutherland have been re moved from Toronto to Quebec, prcpora tory to their transportation to New South rraics. A gcnllcman in Montreal writes to tho oditor of the Middlcbury Argus as follows "American Gentlemen travelling with ladies under tlieir charge would do well to avoid Canada and spend their money al some of our own fashionable resorts Mrs Sweeny, a daughter of the late Robert Temple of Rutland was lately insulted at a party in Montreal, in a most gross and deliberate manner, by Major Ward of the Royal Regiment. Tho consequence was a challenge troin tier husband which result ed in tho death of tho Mainr, who was shot through tho body at the first fire. Il is not every one who would like tho alter native of being compelled by tho custom of a place to resent beastly indignities lo his wife or sister, and thorefore, wc should advise Ihom not lo travel in a country where female character and virtue are thus made tho sport of licentious ruffians." REPEAL OF THE SPECIE CIRCULAR. Wo learn from the correspondence of the New York Gazette, that tho Specie Circular is defunct ! "This prcciou-s humbug," snys tho cor respondent, undor dato of the 30'h ult. "to which the administration litis clung as its Inst hopo, has been triumphantly overthrown by Mr. Webster's joint resolution. The Scnato passed it yesterday, os you aro aware, by a vote 34 to 9. This morning it was taken up in tho House, and read twice, and then, without debate, -without affording time for a single loco foco to snarl at it, it was ordered to a third reading, yeas 151, nays 27. Mr. Duncan then moved to commit il with instructions, so to amend it as to restrict the sales of public lands to actual cultivators, and to them only in half ecctions. But Mr. Boon moved tho previous question, which was carried, and tho resolution was passed, yeas 154, nays 24." One of the consequences of tho repeal of the odious Circular will be found in the following articlo from tho Philadelphia National Gazelle: We have great satisfaction in presenting to our readers tho following letter from Mr Riddle lo Mr. Adams. It shows how promptly the Banks avail themselves of the first movement which indicates a favorable change in tho disposition of the Govern ment, and it furnishes llic first intimation upon which the, country may rely of, an approaching resumption ofspecic payments. It gives us great pleasure to a tin mat in consequence of the repeal of tho Specie Circular, the Bank of lho United States has determined to accede to tho request of tho Board of Trade of tho city of New York, contained in tho following resolution of that highly respectable body. 'Resolved, That our recollection of thai liberal system pursued by tho former Bank of the United States renders us peculiarly solicitous that a largo bulking institution sift tilt! bo established here, under lho Gun. oral Banking law, which shall bo managed with (ho same enlarged views, the same enlightened and liberal policy.' Philadelphia, May 31, 1830. My Dear Sir In my letter of the 7th' ult. I staled my belief that there could be no safe nor permanent resumption ofspecic payments by the Banks, until tho policy of lho Government toward them was changed. Tho repeal of tho Specie Circular bv Congress makes that chango. I sco now. what until now I have not seen, the means of restoring t lie currency. I rrjoicc very sincerely at the tormina Con ol this unhappy controversy, and shall cordially co-opcrale with tho government uy promoting wnai tno nanus aro, I am sure, anxious to effect, an early resumption of specie payments throughout the Union. With great respect, yours, N. BIDDLE. Hon. J. Q, Adam1?, Washington, D C This intelligence (soys the Now-York Star) will bo received with heart felt pleas urc in this city which has so deeply suffer cd by tho various experiment of the Government, while the oniplo resources liberally dispensed of tho new Bank about to bo established here under llic general Banking law, will greatly contribute to rostore lho "golden days of our commercial prosperity." A NEW TREASURY CIRCULAR. A Circular was yostorday issued from the Treasury Department, addressed. to nil Collectors and Reccivors of Public Monoy. founded on tho joint resolution repealing tho Specie Circular, which received the approbation of lho President of tho United btates on the day after its final passago ot tho Capitol. Tho Circular instructs llicso officers to roccivo the not on of banks in nil branches of the public revenue, under lho following restrictions : 1. None aro lo bo received but such ns nro "payable nnd paid on demand, in the legal currency of tho United States." 2. No notes aro to bo rrcoived of a lc66 denomination than twenty dollars. 3. No noics to bo recoived of any de nomination, unless "payable, on demand, in gold or silver coin, nt the nlncc tnlicr issued," and "equivalent lo snccio whoru recoived. 1. No nolcs to ho recoived of anv brink which, sinco tho -It li of Julv. ID3G. hrw issued "any nolo or bill of a less denomi nation than five dollars." Tho provision of lho act of Juno, 1030, referred in in this Init restriction, tho render will recollect, has been mado tho "object of ppecinl consideration in tho Sennto, upon Iho motion of Mr. WcnTnn, direct itirr lho Financo Committee of that body "to innuiro into lho expediency of repealing or modifying those provisions of tho said act which prohibit tho receipt, in pavmcnt of dcbls and dues lo tho United Stales, of tho bills of all banks which issue bills of less denomination than five dollars." National Intelligencer, From AnKAN'As wo loam that John Wilson (lato Speaker of lho House of Representatives or that Slate) has boon tried, in the Court for Pulaski county, upon an indictment for the murder of Josni'ii J. Anthony, one ol tho Members of that House, and found Not Guillii of Murder, but guilty of juutifiablo Homicide. Unless all the accounts of this affair were ossen lially false, this must bo admitted to be a vory extraordinary verdict. Nat. Int. Tho Baltimoro Patriot thus justly re marks: "It will bo remembered that the crimo was committed during the session of tho House fur words spoken in debate. - Mnjor Anthony's offmico consisted in hav ing made a remark which the speaker Wilson, construed, justly or not wo will not say, as a reflection upon his intngrity Without any explanation sought and with out a single word in reply, lho speaker drew his Bowie knife, and deliberately walked down to Mr. Anthony's scat and then and thoro killed him. Tho victim stepped back, drew a knife, and raised chair in his defence: but tho onset of Wilson was too murderous to bo thus par ried, and a wound was inllictcd which caused almost instant death. Yet under these circumstances the act is character izod as "excusablo homicide. " "So far as politics in'ght bo involved in tho beginning or end of this affair, it might perhaps afford mailer of illustration worthy the attention of Mr. Toucoy's duel commit too. Certainly it would furnish to tho Democratic Review an apt subject for an other chapter on 'Martyrdom.' And then the muse of Mrs. Sigourney might be once moro appealed to, to set forth tho 'con tiust' between tho two cases of Martyr dom." TriUTII FROM AN UNEXPECTED O.UAR ter. About a month ago Mr. Sevior of Arkansas, in lho course of a debate in the Senate, on Mr. Clay's resolution, took the opportunity to avow his heresy to tho Administration on ono point, the policy and justice of the Specie Circular. Mr. Sevier is an orator from the Far West, and his rhetoric is of course imbued with the re dundant imagery and energetic form of ex pression so popular in that region. In the opening of his remarks ho alluded to the party condemnation which would follow his lashing out from lho tracc3at so impor tant a lime, and told some homo (ruths, in a homely manner, which must have been quite as novel as they were unexpected, coming as lliey did from a warm party man. He also took decided ground against Mr. Wright's Report and remarked as follows : ' I am aware, Sir, that for ontertainin" this difference of opinion, I am running snino risk of being thought, by those who assume lo be the only true and legitimate expounders of the Republican creed, a polit ical infidel, or traitor, or something worse. I am aware that I incur this risk ; and es pecially as ihe Treasury order has been so pertinaciously adhered to by the Execu tive, against the known wishes of a large majority of his friends; and especially as tins report, os a wliole, has been so highly extolled and complimented here, as to make it a mailer of grave consideration for us lo decide whether it was best for 113 to pub nsii, al mo public expense, thirty thousand, or fifty thousand, or a million copies of it, for lho benefit and edification of our poor and benighted constituents. And more especially do I hazard this risk, as this re port, in these limes of discontent and fus picion and political disaster, has been rep resented ns a cannon, which is to prostrate all our adversaries ; and when it is also calculated, as 6omo suppose, lo havo the happy effect of crushing to death, by iho wheels of its carriage, as it rebounds from its discharge, all of the unbelievers in the wisdom and expediency of the Treasury order all of those who aro not prepared to cry out, without qualification, that Allah is great and Mahomet is his prophet. Yes, sir ; when this report is thus considered, I fear llint an excoption taken to any part of it by Iho lips of ono belonging to the rank nnd file of the party, will bo considered such an intolerable heresy as can only bo atoned for by lho etake, tho fire, and the laggoi.' After expressing his unalterable disbo liof in the wisdom and expediency of tho Specie Circular, and his approval of tho operation of tho resolution of a 10, Mr. Sevier has a hit at lho 'Experiment.' ' Senators tell us that if wo rccoivo tho notes of specie-paying banks now, lho con nection viih hanks is again revived, and that it will become lho settled policy of mo country; anu, luriner, lliat wo shall again h'tve new explosions. Sir, so far os tho connection exists with tho banks, and is confined to the receipt of tho notes of specie paying banks, under llio rcsponsibil ity and discretion of the Secretary, 1 am in favor of it; and as to the settled policy of the country, of all things on earth that is what I most doiro. Sir, I am tired of ex periments, of fluctuations, of false alarms. of glorious uticortnintios. As to new ex- plosions, that is a matter which depends pretty much upon ourselves, Wo can have tnem whenever wo want them. Tho Government has but lo declare war against lho banks, and Ihcy will soon go b tho 1 uoaru.' This is vory plain talking, ond such as tho Loadors of tho Administration aro not in lho habit of hearing from their followers As to lho effects of tho Specie Circular, disastrous and gratuitous as they were Mr Sevier is equally frank. 'This, sir, was tho situation of things when tho Treasury Circular was Usucd. And what was its effects? The banfet, at

well as the public, were taken by surprise by it. Runs wore mado immediately upon tho banks for specie lo buy land ; these runs forced them lo curtail their discounts : and by adhering to this rigorous process, which they had to do for their own preser vation, they sustainod themselves lor eight or ten months afterwards, indeed, until o general suspsnsion throughout the U. S. occurred. Their rapid curtailment render ed money scarce, and knocked down the prico of every thing. Property fell from 25 to 50 por cent. Many wero forced to sacrifice their estates, -and ended in total bankruptcy. This was one oj the fruits of llic t reasury Circular; and now let me ask my honorable friend, what good has grown out of it? It has beggared thousands, it lias embarrassed n wholo section of tho country ; anil lastly, il has bankrupted your Trcasurijl And why have these things been done? They hnv boon brought about, wo are tola, to stop bank excesses. Was this necessary ? Will not bank exccuscs, like oxcesscn of ovory other description, correct themselves? I think so.' BUSINESS OPERATIONS. When wc spunk, in ccneral terms, of tho present suffering condition of the country, wo refor porticularly. of course, to lho currency and tho exchange, not yet materially relieved from llic drnngj ment into which they were thrown by the wanton and wilful war undertaken by the lixocutivo against tho late B.uik of the Unitetl Stntes. Tho extent of that de rangement in some parts of tho country is absolutely ruinous, in comparison to its extent hero. But, eyen here, it is oppres sive enough. Wc cannot perhaps give a better idea of it than to state circumstan ces which have occurcd within the range of our own business within iwn days of the last week, as follow: Wo had occasion to draw upon our agent in Richmond, in Virginia, al sight, for six hundred dollars. Wc paid niuo dollars exchango in convcrtinrr it into money of the District of Columbia. We had occasion to remit throo luindrcd dollars to Boston, in Massachusetts. We paid nino dollars premium for a draft on Boston for that amount. Wc had to pay our account for postage at tho Post Office in this cily. amounting to ono hundred dollars. Tho money receivod in curront paymont at our office was Virginia money. To convert one hundred dollars of that monoy into Dis trict bank notes we paid one dollar and a half, and to convert the District notes into specie (in which ws are required to pay our postage bill) we paid three dollars and a half. With these facts within our own know ledge, such as occur every day repeatedly in this city, under the very eyes ond nose of the Executive, it is in vain lo tell us that "all's well," or that all things will bo well, until wo find soma 11111123 tretl'mr better. National Inlelligejiccr. THE CROPS. Wheat Cnops. Tho papers in nil quarters givo very llatlorin; accounts ot tho growing wheat crop. It is represented as more promising than it has been at this season, fur eight or ten years. bucli we believe to be tho fact in refer ence to lho crop in Virginia. It is every whore in a state of forwardness, is thick nnd well set upon the land, and looks vigorous and healthful. If tho season prove auspicious, the farmers cannot fail to reap a rich regard tor tlieir labors this year. Jiichmona trtug. Michigan. The agricultural pnspects of Michigan never looked fairer than at the present time. From all parts of lho statu wo have assurances of abundant crops. fFhcat is in a fine condition. If nolhin! occurs In disappoint tho hopes of our fur tnuis, they will this year havo a surplus for exportation, Detroit Advertiser. The Cnops. Tho Upper Marlborough Gazette says : "Wo aro sorry to learn from almost every part ot tno county, unfavorable accounts of tho Tobacco plants. The fly has mado the most destructive havoc among them, and in soma sections the planters will be compelled to abandon the growth of it entirely this year. In the Forest, where tho largest quantity of tobacco is usually raised, tho loss of plants win oe most severely tell. The prospect of small grain is very fhttoring. Wheat looks better lliun it has tor several years past. Tho rye and Oat Crops also look flourishing." Extract of a letter to tho Editor of lho Easton, (Maryland) Gazette, dated Tiuri'K. May 24th, 1030. "I havo, what I and evory passer by would call a first rnio crop of Wheat not having gone into it for a week or ten days, I this morning by accident walked through the field il is now heading out, and I think ninety-nine out of ono hundred bends arc what is called "Tare or darti.il !" if others are like mine, thoro is an end lo the Wheat crop in Talbot." We find the following paragraph in tho Fredericksburg (Md.) Horald : "Wo ore informed bv persons from Various parts of the county, that there cover has boon a more beautiful prospect for a full crop of grain in this section of country, ihan now exists. If tho harvest should fulfil tho pioseut expectation, it will miko lho hoarts of the farinors of old Frederick rejoico again." The Cnora. We aro gratified to ob serve by our exchanges from every pari of lho country, that lho crops of winter grain promisa n bountiful harvest. From tno wheat rrowinc regions of Ohio, tho foililo valley of tho Wabash, tho prairie fields of Illinois and Wisconsin, lho rich openings of Michigan, tho well tilled farms of Western N. York. the Dutchmn ii'h (Trnnn'nuil pylpnd cd acres of Pennsylvania, to tho broad plantations of Maryland and Virginia, a goodly report comos up, bciokoning full granaries to tho indepondont cultivator of tho soil. Thoy deserve them. Cleveland Herald. Grain Cnoi'3. Wo nro informed that tho fields ofgroin never looked moro prom ising in this country, at this season oi tno year, than at present, and unless more should bo a sevnro drought, the crops will bo abundant. Tho fruit troes of evory kind arc literally loaded with blossoms, and indicate an abundanco of fruit. Hudson Gazette. Tho colton crop this year is an extraor dinary product compared with previous years. Bets aro made at. New Orleans that it will not fall short of one million eight hundred thousand bales. This is tho real gold of our staples, and the excoss of two or three hundred thousand bales over last year will keep tho foreign exchanges in our favor while wo aro backed by such wealth, which is more substantial than specie. N. Y. Star. Tho Bucks County Intelligencer says : "Wo havo had copiom rains during tho Inst week, which could not fail to cause the hearts of our Farmers to rejoice within ihcm. From what we havo seen, anil like wiso from hearsay, wo aro induced to believe the forth coming crops will be unusually abundant. Our exchange papers from almost every quarter speak favorably THE CHEROKEBS. The following address, sent to tho Cher okeo people by Geneial Scott, wo admiro as blending all the requisites firmness mercy, policy, adaptation to the Indian tastes, and courtosv to their usajos. It will Invo a happy effoct, undoubtedly, nnd i-s one of the bot documents ever issued to our Indians: Cherokecs! The President of tho Uui ted Slates has sent me, with a powerful army, to cause you, in obedience to the treaty of 1035, to join that part of your peo pit? who are already established in prosper ity on tho other sido of thu Mississippi Unhappily, the two years which wore al lowed for the purpose you have suffered to pass away without following, ond without making any preparation lo follow, and now, or by the time this address shall reach your distant settlements, the emigration must be commenced in haste, but, I hope, without disorder, 1 have no power, by arantiiiir further delay, to correct tho error that you havo committed. Tho full moon of May is already on the wane, and beforo another shall have passed awny, every Cherokee man, woman and child, in th se States must be in motion to join llieir brethren in tho tar west. My Friends, This is no sudden deter mination on iho part of tho President, whom you and I must obey. By tho treaty, the emigration was to have been completed on or before tho 23d of this month ; and the President has constantly kept you warned, during lho two years allowed, through all his officers and agents in this country, that uio treaty would bo enlorceu. I am como to carry out that dctermina Hon. My troops already occupy manv positions in lho country that you are to abandon, and thousands and thousand aro approaching, from every ouarter. to render assistance and escape alike hope- less. All those troops, regular and militia, aro your friends. Receive them and con fide in them as such. Obey them when they tell you that yon can remain no longer in this country. Soldiers are as kind hearted as brave, and the desire of every ono of us is to execute our painful duty in mercy, wc are commanded by the Presi dent to act towards you in that spirit, and such is also the wish of the whole people ot America. Chiefs, head-men and warriors! Will you, then, by resistance, compel us to re sorttoarm-i? God forbid! Or will you, by tngiit, seeu to hide yourselves in moun tains and lorcsts, and thus oblige us to hunt you down? Remember that, in pur suit, it may be impossible to avoid conflicts. The blood of the white man, or the blood of tho red man, may bo spill, and if spill, however accidentally, it may bo impossible for the discreet ond humanu'among you, or among us, to prevent a general war and carnage. Think of this, my Cherokee brethren! I am an old warrior, and havo been present at many a scene of slaughter. but sparo mo, I beseech you, the horror of witnessing the destruction of the Chero keos. Do not, I invito you, even wait for the close approach of tho troops; but make such preparations for emigration os ynu can, and hasten to this place, to Ross's Landing, or to Gunter's Landing, whore you will all bo received in kindness by offi cers selected for tho purpose. You will find food for all, and clothing for tho desti tute, at cither of these places, and thence at your case, and in comfort, bo transported to your new homes according to tho terms of the treaty. This is tho address of a warrior to war riors. May Ins entreaties bo kindlv receiv od, and may thi God of bull) prospar the Americans nnd Cherokecs, and preserve them long in poaen nud friendship with oachoihor! WINFIELD SCOTT. Cherokee Agenci, Muy 10, 1038, Lake Champlain and Ocnr.s.-iitjnoii Rail Road. Just as our nanor of last week was irouinr to nrnss. wn received letter nnnoiincing the appointment of Edwin F. Johnson, as principal Engineer for tho survuy of our Rail Road. Wo had then, only timo for n brief notice of tho letter; wo now irivii furthor extracts : "Mr. Johnson ranks with Iho oldest cla-s of our Engineers Ho lias been employed on tho Erio Canal; on a survoy nf a route lor a ship.Citial to Oswego; on the Schun cetady and Utica Rail Road; tho Uiica and Syracuse, or Syracuse nnd Auburn Rail Road; tho Caltskill and Cannjohario Rail Road; and is now ono nf tho princi pal Engineers on tho New York and Lake Erio Rail Road. "From Mr. Johnson's experience and high character as an Engineer, I am inclined to think his appointment to our worn a goou ono. He has oiiunaei to enter forthwith upon lho survoy, which I trust will lead to results so favorable as lo insure an early completion of this groat work a work not moro interesting to tho particular sect ion of lho Stnto through which it will puss, than it is important to lho Siato and Nation nt largo, os a S and National work; absolutely essential to givo duo strength and protection lo this Important frontier." Jilalone paper. Mexico and France. Wo havo iust . recoived a file of Mexican papers to lho 1 dato ol tho 1st of May, from which learn that lho negotiations between lho authorities ot Mexico and the Representa tives of FnANCE had been broken off; tho final note of the Mexican Minister, uttcily declining a compliance with the domanda of lho French agents, bearing dato lho 19th. National Intelligencer, June 2. AN OLD MAN. On Monday, a goodly number of citizens followed to his long resting place Mr. Wm, Butler, aged 100 years, and wo looked for some notice of the man who has been ao long mingled with tho affairs of life, though in a humble station. Wo wero wont to moot tho old gentleman in tho strcot, and talk with him of things of other days. "Ho had been a soldier in his youth, and fought in various battles." Among tho earliest of his military movements, was that with Braddock's army, he boing a soldier therein, and sharing in the discotn. fituro and danger of the defeat. Before ho wont westward, he was encamped, if wo recollect aright, in tho woods, away up nt the corner of, Sixth and Chosnut street and pleasant was it to hear tho old gcntlo man, as he leaned upon his crutch, dis course of Washington and lho scenes in which ho had followed with his eye that good man. Some of tho family must havo stores of anecdotes from tho deceased his long lifo enabled him to sco much, and his good nature made him a cheerful and talk-, alive companion. U. S. Gazelle. A whole Town destuoted nvr Fire ! Tho town of Monrovia, near Tuscaloosa, Alabama, was destroyed by fire about tho 17i h tnsl every building in it, (except a kitchen and hen house) including tho Church, Academy. Bulking House, Post Office, nnd Exchange, boing swept away as with the besom of dcstruclinn. Tno firo is sud to havo been lho act of on incendiary, and suspicion has fallen upon the Cashier of the Bink, as it is supposed that ho had embezzled a largo amount of the funds in his charge. Oiithc2lsl inst. a mob at Patterson (N. J.) broke the windows and doors of tho New Market church and dispersed tho abolitionists who wore holding a meeting thoro. At B iston also thoro wore demon, slralions of a mob, tho object of which was to destroy a now church, about to bo dedi cated by a socinty of (anli Garrison) aboli tionists; but tho Mayor called out fivrj companies of the militia, each provided with 400 ball cartridges. This unequi ocal intimation wus sufficient ; tha mob could not stand powder and ball. A Western Widow Ono of tho finest steamboats on tho Western waters is I lie Ellen Kirkman, so named in compli ment to a lady of Nashville, Tennessee. She was built at New Albany (la.) and is five hundred and seventy tons burthen propelled by two engines of immonsa power. Tho Nashville Whig sneaking of this noble boat, says EMen Kirkman is lho name of a wealthy and highly respected widow of this city, whoso enterprise and success in business U only excelled by her iniim.ito anil cxi ranrdinary acquaintance with commercial afl'iirs. 12 years ao Mrs. Kirkman was lest with tho care of"a large eslate, since which she has erected on our public square a pile of mignificont stores (not exceeded by any in tho city;) and is still as active and shrewd in trade as the most accomplished morclmnt of tlm East at forty. Who then will oretend to say that Ellen Kirktmn is undeserving lha compliment paid by tho captain and owners of the steamer. "Spinning Street Yarn." This ox pression is sometimes aoolied bv canlioua old chops to young ladies, who keep tho bloom upon their cheeks by healthy exer cise and save a doctor's bill by inhaling frosh puro air. But wo havo got a literal fulfilment of tho expression. Last week a nicely-dressed housewife was seen toiling " now oouui-sireci urme, iraviug in ner train an almost interminable length of unravelled hosiery. It appears she had ner Knitting work in her pocket, and by some mishap the ball escaped, and hence- Irani the bridge lo the brow ot tho lull, sho was all tho whilo spinning street varn .' N vlhamplon Courier. ' I WISH I WAS A PIG." Among tho dry, quaint and philosophical scenes with which Mr. Neal's recent vol ume of ' Charcoal Sketches' abounds, wo think this soliloquy of a loafer, who has been sleigh riding and got 'spilt,' is inimi. table : It's man's natur, I believo. and wo can't iclp it, no how. As fur me, 1 wish I was a pig; there's some sonso in being a ai wot s fat ; pigs don't havo to speculate and bust, pigs never go a sleighing, ouarrel with their daddies in law wot was to be. get into sprecsv and make tarnal fools of thomsolvos. Pigs is decent behaved peo pie and good citizens, they ain't got no write. And then they havn't cot no clothoa to put on of cold mornings whon they got up; they don't hnvo to bo darnin' nnd paichin' their own pants; they don't wear no old hats on their heads, nor have lo ask people for 'em; cold willies is plenty for pigs. My eyes! if I was u jolly fat pig1 belonging to respectable people, it would bo tantamont to nothin' with mo who was President. Who ever soo'd one pig a sot tin' on n cold curbstone a rubbin' anothor pigs's head wot got chucked out of a sleigh? Pigs has ton much senso to go a ridin' if so bo as thoy can help it. I wish I was one, and out of Ibis scrape. It's true pigs has their troubles like humans constables catches 'em, dogs bites 'cm, and pigs is as donc-nvor suckers as men ; but pi"s novor runs their own noses m scraDos. coaxin' thomselvcs to believe it's fun, ns wo do. novor scon a pig go tho whole hog in my life, 'scept upon rum cherries," "How vain is iho nrido of twertrj We are all descended from uuu parent, a .id that parent was n working gardonor." Tho boast of such an ancestry would havo been very tolorable, if it woro not