Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, June 29, 1838, Page 1

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated June 29, 1838 Page 1
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NOT THE GLORY OFC ESAlt DUT THE WELFARE OF ROME. BY H. B. STACY. FRIDAY, JTUJVB 29, 1838. VOL. XI Nc THE BOWL. BV LIEUT. O. W. PATTEN, U, S. AUMV. Oil I fluin the bowl! the draught bewnro Whose smile but mocks the lipa of man; When foaming high with wniers rare Oh ! never touch the goblet then. Willi friends wo love, llio' sweet to sip , Tlio neclar'd juice ut close of day, Yet trust yc not the syren lip That wins to client, and lures to slay, Dh ! slum the bowl, and ihou shall know A deeper spell than swims in wine ; Tho' bright its hours of sunset glow. Their crimson cloud as briefly thine. i few short days in madness past, And thou will sink unknown to years; Vilhout a hope beyond the blast, , Which moans ubovo thy grave of tears ?hl leave the bowl if thou art wise . To shun the path of guilty fame ; The burning road where anguish lies, I And perjured honor weeps for shame, n after years some cheering ray f From Virtue's smile will o'er thee spread, Anil ihou wilt bless the better way Thy errirg steps were loth to tread. li!fhun the bowl as thou wouldst leave I The poisoned spot where reptiles tread, est wiilow'd hearts for fViee should grieve ! For thee, untimely I ears be shed. Tea 1 thine may be the fearful lot To prove, ere Time hath dimm'd thy brow, I sire and yd the witness not Of them who weep his broken vow. last thou a bride whose every sigh i Deep trembles wilh the joy it gives ? .last thou a child whose meek mild eye ' Lives in the light its Father lives 1 Then, shun the bowl the draught beware, 1 Whose smile but mocks (he lips of men; jjVhen foaming high with waters rate i Oh ! never touch the goblet then. ? For the Burlington Free Press. JMb. St act : The following lctter,takcn fpm a recent number of the Concord (Mass.) Iazclta, has struck me as being worthy e increased circulation which a republi cation in your columns would give it, both on tlio ground of its own merits, and of thd grnvity of its subject. The decision of Ihis Cherokee question must implicate the! moral character of our Government mofe directly and more deeply than per hais any other which has arisen in its his. toy. This decision is yet pending. If on eu;h a subject, at such a juncture, there be, any virtue in the manly expression of manly sentiments, a publication like this cat hardly fail of interest and value. Moral considerations pressed homo with eucb earnestness and plainness of speech may reasonably be supposed to have had some part in bringing matters to their present issuo. To anticipate a very natural inquiry, it may bo appropriately added, that the au. thor, Mr. Emerson, is a man of letters, who, of late years, has gained an enviable tiamo in the region of Boston by his do VQtednoB8 to all humane studies, and the peculiar eloquence of his public discourses It is t,o him that the public ore indebted for the republication, in this country, of Sarttr Resarlus and other works of his frienj Carlylo the English philosopher. J Y. 2 Martin Van Buren, President of the United Slates. I Concord, Mass.. April 23, 1030. SirfThe seat you fill, places you in a relativi of credit and dcarncss to every citizei By right, and natural position, every 'citizen is your friend. Before any acts cntrary to his own judgment or in terest lave repelled tho affections of any man, ach m,ay look with '.rust and loving nnticimions to your government. Each lias thJiighest right to call your attention to sucljeubjcctB as are of a public nature and prberly belong to the chief magis trate ;jnd the good magistrate will feel a joy in pceting such confidence. In this pelief.Jid at tho instance of a few of my friendind neighbors, I crave of your pa tience! short hoaring for their sentiments and njown; and the circumstance that my nwe will be utterly unknown to you will dy give tho fairer chanco to your cquitllo construction of what I havo to Sijrny communication respects tho sin jsterjimoura that fill this part of the coun try diccrning tho Cherokee people. The intejat always felt in tho Aboriginal pop. ulath an interest naturally growing as thalecays has been heightened in ro garjto this tribe. Even in our distant 'etal some good rumor of their worth and ciyty has arrived. Wo have learned witjoy their improvement in social arts. Wfbave read their newspapers. We ha seen some of them in our schools and co ges. In common with the great body of o American people wo havo witnessed w sympathy tho painful labors of these re nen to redeem their own race from tho dt n of eternal inferiority, and to borrow ai domesticate in the tribe, tho arts and caoms.of tho Caucasian race. And not wjistanding tho unaccountablo apathy u which of late years tho Indians have Wo sometimes abandoned to their eno ws, it is not to bo doubted that it is the jod pca6uro and tho understanding oft all humane persons in the republic of the men and tho matrons sitting in tho thriving independent families all over (he land, that they ehall be duly cared lor, that they shall taste justice and love from all to whom we have delegated tho ofiico of dealing with them. The newspopors now inform us, that, in December 1035, a treaty contracting for tho exchange of all tho Cherokee territory, was pretended to be made by an agent on the part of (he United States, with some per sons appearing on tho part of the Chcrokees; thnt the fact afterwards transpired that these deputies did by no means represent the will of the nation, and that out of eigh teen thousand souls composing tho nation, fifteen thousand six hundred and 6ixty eight havo protested against the so called Treaty. It now appears that the Govern, tnent of the United States choose to hold the Chorokces to this sham treaty, and arc proceeding to execute the same. Almost tho entire Cherokee nation stand up and say, "This is not our act. Behold us there are wo Do not mistako that hand ful of deserters for us ;" and tho American President and his Cabinet, the Senate and the House of Representatives neither hear these men nor see them, and are contract ing to put this nation into caitsand boats and to drag them over mountains and rivers to a wilderness at a vast distance beyond the Mississippi. And a paper purporting to be an army order, fixes a month from this day, as the hour for this doleful re. moval. In the name of God, Sir, wo ask you if this is so i J)o the newspapers rightly in form us ? Men and women with pale and perplexed faces meet one another in streets and churches here, and ask if this be so ? We have inquired if this be a gross misrep resentation from tho party opposed to the Government and anxious to blacken it with the people. Wo have looked in newspa pers of different parties, and find a horrid confirmation of the tale. We are slow to believe it. We hoped the Indians were misinformed, and their remonstrance was premature, and will turn out to be a need less act of terror. The piety, the principle that is left in these United States, if only its coarsest form, a regard to tho speech of men, forbid us to entertain it as a fact. Such a dereliction of all laith and virtue, such a denial of justice, and such deafness to screams for mercy, were never heard of in times of peace, and in the dealing of a nation with its awn allies and wards, since tho earth was made. Sir, does this Gov ernment think that the peoplo of the Uni ted States are becomn savage and mad? From their mind arc the sentiments of love and of n good nature wiped clean out? The soul of man, the justice, the mercy, that is the heart's hcatt in all men from Maine to Georgia, does abhor this business. In speaking thus the sentiments of my neighbors and my own, perhaps I overstep the bounds of decorum. But would it not be a higher indecorum, coldly to arguo a matter like this? We only stato the fact that a crime is projected that confounds our understandings by its magnitude, a crime that really deprives us as well as the Cherokces of a country, for how could we call the conspiracy that should crush these poor Indians, our Government, or the land that was cursed by their parting and dying imprecations, our country, any more ? You, sir, will bring down that renowned chair in which ynu sit into infamy, if your seal is set to this instrument of perfidy; and the name of this nation, hitherto tho sweet omen of religion and liberty, will slink to the world. You will not do us tho injustice of con necting this remonstrance with any section al or party feeling. It is in our hearts tho simplest commandment of brothorly love. Wo will not havo this great and solemn claim upon national and human justice huddled aside under tho flimsy plea of its being a party act. Sir, to us the ques tions upon which the govornmont and the peoplo have been agitated during the past year touching tho prostration of tho cur. rencyand of trade, seem moles in the com parison. Tho hard times, it is true, have brought this discussion homo to every farmhouse and poor mans table in this town; but it is the chirping of grasshoppers be side the immortal question whether justice shall be done by the race of civilized, to the race of savage man ; whether all the attributes of reason, of civility, of justice, and even of mercy, shall bo put off by tho American peoplo, and bo vast nn outrage upon the Cherokee nation, and upon hu man naturo, shall be consummated. One circumstance lessens tho reluctance with which I intrude at this time on your attention, ray conviction that tho govern ment ought to bo admonished of a new historical fact which tho discussion of this question has disclosed, namely that there exists in a great part of thonorthorn people a gloomy diffidence in tho moral character of tho government. On the broaching of this question, a general expression of des pondency, -of disbelief that any good will accrue from a remonstrance on on act of fraud and robbery, appeared in those men to whom we naturally turn for aid and counsel. Will the tho American Govern ment steal? Will it lio? Will it kill? we ask it triumphantly. Our wise men shake their heads dubiously. Our coun sellors and old statesmen here, say, that, ten years ago, they would have staked their lifo on tho affirmation that tho pro posed Indian measures could not ho execu ted, that tho unanimous country would put them down. And now tho steps of this crimo follow each other 60 fast, at such fatally quick time that tho millions of virtuous citizens, whoso agents tho Gov ernment aro, havo no place to intorpose, and must shut their eyes until tho last bowl and wailing of theso poor tormented villages and tribes ehall afflict tho ear of the world. I will not bide from you as an indication of this alarming distrust that a letter ad dressed as mino is, and suggesting to the mind of tho Executive tho plain obligations of man, has a burlesque character in the apprehension of some of my friends. I, sir, will not beforehand treat ynu with tho contumely of this distrust. I will at least stato to you this fact and shew you how plain and humano people whoso lovo would bo honor, regard tho policy of tho Govern mcnt, and what injurious inferences they draw as to the mind of the Governors. A man with your experience in affairs must hove seen cause to appreciate tho futility of opposition to the moral sentiment. How ever feeble the sufferer, and however great the oppressor, it is in tho nature of things that the blow bIiouIJ recoil on the aggres sor. For God is in the sentiment, and it cannot bo withstood. Tho potentate and the people perish before it; but with it, and as its executors, they ate omnipotent. I write thus, sir, to inform you of the stato of mind these Indian tidings have awakened here, and to pray with one voice moro that you whoso hands aro strong wilh tho delegated power of fificen millions of men will avert with that might the terrific injury which threatens tho Cherokee tribe. Wilh great respect, Sir, I am your fellow-citizen, RALPH WALDO EMERSON. INDIAN COMMENTARY. Cast thy bread upon the waters ; for thou slink find it after many days. Eccl. xi. Some years ago one of the preachers of tho Mohcgan tribe of Indians, which tribe is situated on tho Thames, between Nor wich and New London, was preaching on tho obnvc text. To illustrate his subject and enforce the doctrine of Charity, he brought forward a circumstance that trans pired in his early days. To use his lan guage, he observed "A certain man was going from Norwich to London with a loaded team ; on attempting to ascend the hill where Indian lives, he found his team could not draw his load, he came to Indian and got him to help him up with his oxen. After he had got up he asked Indian what was to pay. Indian tell him to do as much for somebody cleo. Sometime afterward, Indian wanted a canoe he went up She tucket river, found a tree and made him one When he got it done ho could not get it into the river. Accordingly he went to a man and offered him all tho money ho had if ho would go and draw it into the river for him. Tho man observed, he would go. After getting it lo tho river, Indian offer to pay him. No, said the man; Don't you recollect so long an-o helping n man up the hill by your housli. Yes. Well, I am tho mnn there take your canoo and go home." So I find it after many days. ltd. Messenger. ELOQUENCE OF LORD BROUGHAM. The eloquence of Lord Brougham is very peculiar. It does not oppeoMo pos sess tho close, compact, systematic reason ing of the eloquence of Pitt, its elevated style, and lofty imposition : nor has it the abundant current and impetuous flow which distinguish tho eloquence of Fox; nor the metaphorical and splendid imaginary of Burke, his apothegmatic conclusions" and his instructive dogmatisms drawn from life and books ; nor tho classic art of Can ning, his skilful application of ancient his tory to modern poets, and his specious reasoning. It is distinct from nil these. The eloquence of Brougham is abrupt and sudden. Ho appears to need little prepa ration.and to come directly upon his subject. Ho brings all his forces to bear, liko Napo leon, upon a weak point, and overwhelms by the mighty vigor of his attack- He has a manner of iterating successive blows nn a particular point, which fall, liko balls propelled from a brenching battery, with irresistablo effect. Ho has a most extra ordinary knack of loading his adversary with contempt and ridicule; of placing him in a ridiculous position, and convincing the world that he 'ta ft fnnl. Ilia cenrn io mnn dcrfully scornful ; his sarcasm moro than ourtuBuu ; ne can do cruel in language, cutting in reproach, ironical in praise, but to bo insipid, languid, or trifling, do not appear to be in the possibility of his char. aCtOr. Lord RrOllflhnni hflQ Innrninr- anI great knowledge of men and books; but mo puiiuijm reliance is on nature. Art has done but littln in mnkmn. hi n ...in. . , ..in. uuuiaiui, industry much, and nature a vast deal. iiia uimruuiur may uo compared to the hide of the rhinoceros, imnnnntrnhln n ml his sarcasm to its horn, terrific Weekly Passage THROUGH TIIR P.nrirv Mhttm. tains The journal of an exploring tour uiruugu uiu uocKy Mountains, by Samuel Parker. Cives the fnllnwinrr enrinna nnonnni of a broad defile through those mountains, which affords a commodious and easy pas sago from tho country lying east of this great range to tho torritory on tho coast of the Pacific. Tho existence of such a pas. eogo increases mo importance of tho steps in contemplation bv our Govommnnt m occupy tho torritory on the Oregon. I'Tho passago through theso mountains is in a valley, so gradual in tho ascent and descent, that I should not have known wo wore passing them, had it not boon that as wo advanced tho atmosphcro became cool Or, and at length WO found thn nnrnnlnnl 6nows upon our right hand and upon oui iuii, uiovaicu many thousand loot above us in some nlacos tnn thousand. Tim hirh. est parts of theso mountains aro found by measurement io do eigtitoon thousand feet above tho level of tho sea. This valley was not discovered until some years Bince. "Mr. Hunt and his party, moro than twenty years ago, went near it, but did not find it, though in 6oarch of some favorable passage. It varies in width from five to twelve miles ; and, following its course, tbo distance through tho Mountains is about eighty miles, or four days' journey. Though there aro somo elevations and de pressions in this valley, yet, comparatively speaking, it is level. Thero would bo no difficulty in tho way of constructing a rail road from tho Atlantic to tlio Pacific ; nnd probably the timo may not bo far distant when trips will be made across the conti nent, 08 tllCV havo been Innde to Nisnnrn falls, to seo Nature's wonders." SAMMY DARBY'S COURTSHIP. 'Good afternoon, Squiro Jones!' 'Good afternoon, friend Darby; como walk in.' 'Well, Squire, how is your lovely darter, Snl, to-day, and tho rest of tho family?' 'Why they aro all up and abcut, particular ly Sal, eho is very heart), has a good np petite and cats a right smart chance, and

the way eho smokes her old pipo is tho right way, and sings lord man, she sinrs like a martingale, she is a buster!' 'Well, Squire, I'm glad lo hear so much in praise of Sal, for I lovo her mightily, and mean to court her too.' 'Why, that's plain, honest and clever. I'll go and call Sal.' Sure enough he did, and she soon made her ap. pearance 'How aro you, Sal? says I. 'Oh, sorttcr middling, how do you feel, Mr Darby? ' Why, Sal, I aitit well, I'm lovo sick.' 0 hush ; you don't say so well do tell me who she is ?' With that I sorter elided up to Sal. and Sal she kinder slided off. Says I, 'Sal, don't bo so darnation skittish, for you aro the very gal I'm arter.' Geet out, you don't soy, 'Yes, I do, and I'm in as hard earnest as ever my old dog Lion was at a Coon. That picased Sal mightily, and she kinder tossed her head and looked as proud as some of our town gals do when they get into a ball room. Says I. 'Sal, will you havo mo." I reckon us how I will, you don't catch this child refusing to do that thing when sho has so good a chance.' So off we went to the parson's, and Sal and I frot mnrrind: nnrl now we live as kinder happy together as can dp, onty sometimes she bawls out to me, Mr. Darby don't bo a spitting your tobacco iuico on the fire dos. and stickinir your feet on tho fender ; may I be burnt ( i can Keep any thing decent loryou, plague on all tobacco chawers, I say, that are as nasty about it as you arc' And tho way she raps my toes with the tongs wheo she sees my feet on the fender, is no ways com. mnn, I tell you ; however, I live as happy asl can expect with a woman that's a fact. Post. THE SPIDER. Astonishing Curiosity. On the even ing of 13th ult. a gentleman in this village found in his wina cc-llnr, a livo striped snake, 9 inches long, suspended between two shelves, by the tail by a spider's web. The snake hung so that ho could not reach the shelf below him by about an inch ; and several largo spiders were then upon him sucking his juice. The shelves were about two feet apart ; the lower one was just bo low the bottom of tho cellar window, thro' which the snake nrobablv Dossed th into it. From the Bhelf above in the shape oi an inverted cone, u or 10 inches in diam eter at the top and concentrated to a focus about C or 8 inches from tho under side of this shelf. From this focus there was a strong cord mado of tho multiplied thread of spider's wob, apparently as largo as common sewing silk, and by this cord tho snake was suspended. Upon a critical examination through a magnifying glass, tho following curious facts appearod. The mouth of the snake was fast tied up, by n great number of cords wound around it, so light that he could not run out his tonguo. His tail was tied in a knot, so as to leave a small loop or ring, through which the cord was fastened; and tho end of the tail above the loop to the lonfflh of somethinir like over hnlf nn inrli was lashed fast to tho cord, to keep it from slipping. As the snake hung, tho length of the cord, from the tail to tho focus" to winch it was lastened, was about six inch est a little above the tail thprn w.-ia nhaoru cd a round ball about the size of a pea. Upqn inspection, this appeared to be a green fly around which a cord had been fastened to ihe cords above, and from tho rolling tide of tho ball to keep it from unwinding and letting the snako down. Tho cord therefore, must havo extended from the locus ot tlio web to tho shelf below, where tho snako wbb lying when first captured and being mado fast to the loop in his tail the fiv was carried and fnstpnnd nhnnt mill way to the side of the cord. And then by ouwiiuif mis iiy over anu over, it wound around it, both from above and below, until ine sqako was raised to the proper height, and thelff was fastened as before mentioned. In this situation tho noor snnkn Inmrr alive and furnishing a continued feast for several large 6pidcrs, until Saturday after noon the 16th, when scmo person, by play. ing wiiii nun, Drone the web above the lo cus, so as to let part of his body rest on tho fiholf below. In this Rilnntinn hn linn-nrnil the spiders taking no notice of him, until Thursday last, eight days after ho was dis covered, when some lariro ants wore found devouring his dead body. Batavia (N. Y.) i tmes. SOAP MAKING. When a solution of potash or lye is deprived of carbonic acid, or rendered caustic, it readily combines with animal fat, and forms tho compound, called soft soap, wncii uoui mo ingredtonts arc, in a propor condition, and in duo quantity, lucre is nc ijiuiuuiiy in iiiaKiug soap. Tho strength of tho lyo, to combine readily with the grease, should be such as to float a now laid hen'urg. In order to have 6oajPhild as possible, there should be as much greaso as tho lyo will dissolve, in which caeo tho soap will bo smooth or bulvo-like, and more conve nient for washing Ihan whon it is hard, or livcr-like Soap ia mado thus hard, like iVOr. bV addimr ta wnll mmln unnn nlim.i an enual nunntitv nf wntnr. in,', ..,i,. eonp makers call sophisticating it. Thnen ivlin tin'. I. , i i i iv munu mini or oar soap for family use, can easily do it. They havo only lo tako a quantity of clean, well uiuuc, mm Buap, doii it, antl by degrees odd common salt till it curdles, nficr which they should allow it to cool, when tho hard soap will be upon tho lop ; this may now bo taken off. and thn Imiinn ni 1 r. those impurities which oro apt to adhere fi Ifl It ! ntlfl lllltn :..! r , ..... !.. to it; and then cut into bars for drying. Or it will ban litllo moro uniform in its composition, if vou nut it imn n, again with a vcrv little wntnr nn.) i,n. it i again; afterward allowing it to eool nJa i.nrn.n " UUIUIU. Ill Soap for use in tho families of most I (armors is commonly prepared by loaching ashes mado bv the fiimitv flllrinn I tin uiin tcr. As this is a noint. in tvhini, imn.n ,,, , ,ylv; ijuust:- Keepers sometimes fail, it may bo worth Wllllo tn rrivn. in Ihiu nl... r i while to give, in this nlncn. n rntv mn..,i i ilirnelinnc fa . . . ... . A oarrel with one heod is usually mado - . . -'uui.jf lliuuu USO Of a9 B nnr-. l. Inln lhl l,..l.l U ... - cuuuiu uu "in ono peek of fresh burnt slacked lime, nnd the barrc flllml with nclmo w , - .ui.v-o. ..uiui annum bo put upon the top, and allowed to filter through till most of the potash contained in t hpm hna hnnn onn I ni. in them has been snnarntcd. Tim nhiom in putting the lime at the bottom of the cask i3 that iho lye may pass through it, and that thus it may deprive it of any car bonic acid it may contain, and which would prevent it from combining with tho grease and forming soap. Lime has a stronger affinity fto use tho lunaim nf ihn ists, and making soap is a chemical process) iur uuruomc aciu man potash ha, there fore it will retain it when leached through it and allow the potash or lyo to run offln its pure caustic state. There is one thing moro, besides car bonic acid, which is in tho wav of making good soop. It is tho salt which is often mixed wilh the grease. This should be carefully separated by boiling it in a kettle with a quantity of water, by which means the salt will unite with thn 'wfitpr. nm! Innup the grease in a nroner condiiinn fur mivinrr with the lye With proper care to free ine lye irom carDonic acid, and the grease from salt, a barrel of fino annn mm; tin made to every fifteen or twenty poundd of If tllOSO who mnU-n ennn iunnt.1 el.,,l chemistry thoroughly, nnd attend to tho luiufjuuig pinm ruies, wo should probably hear little moro about "bad luck," "the wrong time of the moon." "ivimlimr and half a dozen other supposed causes of uuu soap. reopie's Magazine. SCRAPS FOR THE ECONOMICAL. If you would avoid a waste in vour fam My, attend to the following rules ; and do not despiso them because they appear so umiiiMoriuiu, "many a uitio makes a mickle" When ivory handled knives turn yellow, rub them with nice sand paper or emery j it will take off spots, and restore tho white ness.' Silk pocket handkerchiefs, nnd deep blue factory, will not fade if dipped in salt vvuii-i wiiim now. Lamps will have a less disagreeable smcii, it you dip iho wick yarn in slron hot vinegar and let it drv. Clean a brass kettle before using it fo cooking, with salt and vinegar. The oftcner carocta arn shnknn ilm longer they wear; the dirt that collects unucr mem grtnus ine inroad. Linen ras?3 should be narnfull" cnoml they are useful in sickness; if dirty or worn, wasn uicm anu scrape them into lint Vials which have been used for medicine should bo put into cool ashes and water boiled and suffered to cool before rinsed. Cotton, wet with sweet oil and paragnric relieves the car a alio very soon. Jllrs Child. DESCRIPTION OF THE BORAX JjAUUUiNS OF TUSCANY The Borax lairnnna nf Tnar-nnu nm pntll nil tn n llntn ml Jncn. nlmn 'ni aro unioue ill Etiron. if not in th ivnrM' - - Mwoi.1 ifuuu. inuyiuu; uuu uuu uiiuiiiimi, 01 considerable emi ------ r -..-w ui equal importance to Great Britain, as an imnnrt. and tn Tusnnnu. na nn nvnn.i anu meir produce nas oecomc an article o ImDOrt. and to lusennv. na nil nvnnri They are spread over a surfaco of about thirty miles, and exhibit, from the distance, columns of vapor, more or less according to tho season of the year and state of the weather, which nso in largo volumes amongst the recesses of Iho mountains as you approacu me lagoons, tho earth upiit-uio iu piiui uui uuiiuig waiur as irom ing oiaio 'All, Jemmy, vjiu needn't do Volcanoes of Various sizes, in n vnrir.lv nCLnisn ilin uihunl ('... i n a volcanoes of various sizes, in a variety o son, out principally oi chalK and sand run iinnr. in inn immmiinin m iinnnmi intolerable, and you aro drenched by tho vapour which impregnates tho atmosphero wiiu a nnuiiu uuu Buinewnai su inniirnin smell. The whole sceno is one of ternhln violence and confusion tho noisv ouihrnnk nf tho boilinir clement tho rummd n nrl agitated surfaco the volumes of vapour iho iinprcgnatod atmosphere the rush of waters among the bleak and solitary moun tains. Tho ground, which burns and shakes beneath your fool, is covered with beautiful crvstalizations of suluhnr nnd other minorals. Tho character bonoath tho surface at Mount Cerbole is that of the black marl streaked with chalk, irivinir it at a short distance tho oppearanco of variegated marble. Formerly tho nlaco WrH mirnriliwl llV llm nrnicnnlia' na Ilin nn. trnno.n In hull, n snnniaiiiinn ilariviul. nn doubt from vory ancient times; for the principal lagoons ami mo neignuunu vui- cano elill bear the namo of Monte Oerorne, (JUons Cerberi.) Tho peasantry never quarts Ijeruen.) ino pco-oam. j imvui INDIA KOSHER N E WSPAP F.K3. Id tfOSt'ln paaa by the 6pot without turning their. Courier h.ia cimmeneed publish iur; some of us co heads and praying for Iho protection oft pica on tins ui.ncriall Wh.it next t 1'hcy ate lo tho virgin. Tho borax lagoons havo boon1 1,0 etl,t 10 11,0 Com oi' Euiopo. brought into their present profit wiintn a very tew years ; scoit immense district, t hoy havei property ol "an active tndivj far- derel, to whom they arc a ai laltb, more valuable, perhaps, ac capricious than any tnina fy less Br that t.ui.u vm i uiu uii93UB8i:s-r(ie process nf manufacture is simple, and is effectou Mexico or I'eru rmsscsscS process by those instruments which tho neiirhhnr- od itself nrcs'jnts. In llmsn snnta nrli. cial lagoons are formed bv tho introduc- Hon or tho mountain .streams. Tho vapour keeps tho walerconinually Tho hot toiling cbulition, and after it has received is impregnation during twenty-four hours t the most elevated laroon. tho contents ire allowed to descend to the noeond igoon, where n second impregnation takos place, and then to the third, &c, till it reaches tho lowest rncontnnln. nnd hnvinrr .1. . .. . . ' - . ."." r muo usai;u lllluull iruuirjix IO Ullll IB- goons, it has reached one half per cent, of I , , l,.: i r inus passeu mrough troin six lo oight la- he boracic acid. Tl ia lUn l.n,r 1 .U ! I iuii.iiui iuu iu w,u ruHt-rvuirs, from whence, alter a few hours rest 'it is I U, IUH IIUUIB lUObllb 19 xr.ntmitn.1 In lk. .: ...l I ww.i.wjwu in uiu cvuuuruiiu pans, wnero the hot vapor concentrates the strength of ilm n;.i h., i 1" i... v.. v. mm, u iui-ainjr ullucr MlilHUW leauctl vessels, from the boiling fountains above, which it quits at a heatof eighty degrceaof Dn. ...... I :. ri ' b. . iviiuuiuiii, mm 19 uisuiiargeii ai a neat 01 sixty degrees. There arc from ten to twen- V nans, in each of which thn rnncpntrnlinn becomes greater at every descent, till it passes to the crystallizing vessels, from whence it is carried to tho drying-rooms. wneii auer two or mree hours, it becomes ready to pack for cxDortatinn. Th num ber of establishments is nine. Tho whole amount produced varies from 7000lbs. to OOOOIbs. lof twelve oz.) per day. Tho pro duce does not appear susceptible of much extension, as mo wiiolo ot tho water is turned to account. The atmosphere has, however, some influence on tho result. In bright and clear weather, whether in win ter or summer, ine vapours are less denso but the depositions of boracic acid in tho logoons are greater. Increased vapours indicate unfavorable change of weather, and the lagoons-are infallible barometers to the neighborhood, even at a great dis tance, serving to regulate the proceedings of tho peasantry in their agricultural pur suits. It had been lont? sunnosed thnt ihn boracic acid was not to be found in tho va pours of the lagoon; and when it is seen how small the proportion of acid mustori. ginally bp, it will not bo wondered at that its existence should have escaped attention. In tho lowest of the lagoons, after fivo, six, and in some cases a greater number of im pregnations, the quantity of boracic acid given out docs not exceed ono half per cent, thus, if the produce bo estimated al 75,000 llj3. per day, the quantity of saturated wa ter daily discharged is l,500,000lbs. Tus can, or 500 tons of English. Tho lagoons are ordinarily excavated by tho mountnineers of Lombardy, who emi grate into Tuscany during the winter sea son, when their native Appenines are covn ercd with snow. They gain about ono Tuscan lira per day. But tho works aro conducted, wlnn in operation, by natives, all married, and who occupy houses attach ed 10 the evaporating pans. They wear a common uniform, and their health is "oner ally good. A great improvement Tn tho cultivation, and a great increase in tho val. uo of tho neighboring soil, has naturally followed the introduction of ihe manufac ture of tho boracic acid. A xUo of wages has accompanied the new demand fur labor; much land has been brought into cultiva tion by now directions given to the streams of smaller rivers. Before the boracic lakes were turnod to profitable account, their fe tid 6moll, their frightful appearance, agita ting the earth around them by ceaseless explosions of boiling water, and not less ihe terrors with which superstition invest ed them, made the lagoons to bo regarded as public nuisances, and gave to the sur rounding country a character which alien ated all nttempls at improvement. Nor were the Ingoons without real and positivo dangers, for tho loss of life was certain where man or beast had the misfortune to tall into any ol those boiling baths. Cases I (Vnm.niiihi nxn.iJ in i. .!. I I :.. ..r . . r . nenco. met a horrible death hv l.ninrr nm. I cipitatcd into one of the lagoons. Logs uiimivu mi" uuu ui uiu IllgOOnS. LiOgS wore not unfrequonlly lost by a false step ini ii.n cm.lln. I : i . r. K into tho smaller pit palizze) where before ihe foot could bo withdrawn, the flesh would bo scnaraicd from tho bone. Dr. Bnxorins's Rennrl on. the Statistics nf Tm. cany, Lucca, &c. 'All. JemmV .' HHII n rmnil mmmn In linr ep.n, then nn eminent Jud-ro in a neighbor- if spiso the wheel, fur I spun 'many a day to buuu you to oonoge. Spots. It is perhaps not generally ""own mat a pteou ol blotting paper, Crunmlml Inrrnllipr In inL-r il firm, nml incr wetted, will tako ink out of mahogany. KUD me spot hard witn (tie wetted paper, when it instantly disappears, and tho white mark from tho operatioii may be immedi ately romoved by rubbing thu table with a cloth. A Translation The song of tho thrush has hoen rendered in good English by Iho N. E. Farinor, as follows .- Cheerily O. cuecrily O tiveodlo, tweedle, tweedle; l'Mity Trudy, pretty Pi tidy, pretty I'rudy ; Sec, see, see I litllo Jo, litilojn, Kissing Judy, kissing Judy, kissing Judy ! A Goop 'un. -The latest wo have heard IS of n mnn who ia eii fnl ilmi lin can't reach his knee, and when a musquito bites it he has to hire a boy to scratch it for him. India Rubber Newspai f.ks, Tha Bost'in