Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, October 5, 1838, Page 1

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated October 5, 1838 Page 1
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NOT THE GLORY OF CHSAK HUT THE WELFARE oF HOME. LI I II . l0Ul.iUJ.lilMUJU.U.LXI,BIL..JH.1,LW1.auu -.. I1MJI..I .. BY H. B. STACY. FRIDAY, OCTOBER. 5, 1838. VOL. XII No. 589 IMPRISONMENT FOU DEBT. 11 V MKS. SIOOUKNEY. Why do e tear Yon ling'ring tenant from his humble home 1 His cliililien r. Ii clinj 'Imul him, nnil Ilia wife Regardless ofihe wintry storm, dothslnnd Watching his List f.ir fuoMtrps wild 11 (,'mzo Of peechles3 misery. If'hut is his crime 1 The murdeirr's slrel in he.idlon:,' passdmi raised, Or ihc red fi.ime in sienhhy iimIicc toncli'd To foinn unsuiiidt'd rooft All ! no, je .iy. Jlia crime is povehtv. Dife.isc, perrhanrp, Haiti p'iralized Ilia arm, or udieis-c tU'ici Witheld his lnrvcsl j or iho ihuiuand illj Thai lliron? llie liard lot oflhe puns of toil Drunk up Ins tpirile. Yo indeed may hold' His form incarcerate, but will that repair The lies-pass on your puifc 1 To lakn away The means of labor, jet nquirn Wejrwls, Suvornh, incllihik, of Ph.ii.-inli's policy ; Do ill Tlicmis sanction what iho Codn of Christ Coii.leiMJsl Mow re.idesl ihoiil Arc lhoe who deem Tlie smallest portion of their ilrnjsy gold Full rnuiiierpoise for libcily mid hc.ilih, And God's fiee nir, utid home's sweet charities ! Ill id the gay circle round the evening fire Sit they in luxury; while win bled song, And guest, ami wine-cup, ?pecd the lljing hours, Unmindful of the prisoned one who ilioops Within his close barred cell, or of the storm That hourly round his distant dwelling sweeps, Where she who in a lonely bed hath hid Her famished babe?, kneels shivering at their side, Mingling the tear-gush with their lonely piajcis. Revenge may draw a suliddy from pain, Wringing stem usury fiom woman's wou And infancy's distress J but is it well For souls that hasten lo u diead account Of motive, und of deed, nt heaven's high bar To bieak their Saviour's law 1 Up, cleanse jourselyes From llie dark vestige of n barbarous nge, Hons of the (iospcl's everlasting light I Nor let n brother of votir own blest clime, Reared In jour very gales, participant Of freedom's and salvation's birth right, find Less favor than the heathen. It would seem That man, who for the fleeting breath ho draws Is still :i debtor, mid hath naught to pay ; He who to cancel countless sins expects Unbounded clemency 'twould seem that he Might to his fellow men bo pidfut, And show that mercy which himself implores, OUR COUNTRY, BV JUDGE STortV. When wo recollect what has been, what is, how is it possible not to feel n profound cense of the responsibilities of this Republic to all future nges ! What vast motives press upon us for lofty effort ! What bril Jinnt prospects invito our enthusiasm What solemn warnings at once demand cur vigilance and moderate our confidence ! The old world has already revealed to us, in ita unsealed books, the beginning and end of all its marvellous struggles in the cause of liberty. Greece! lovely Greece ! the laud of scholars and the nurse of arms where sister republics, in fair procession, chaunied the praise of liberty and the good where is she ? Her arts arc no more. The last sad relics of her temples are but the barracks of a ruthless soldiery ; the fragments of her columns and palaces arc in 'he dun, yet beautiful in ruins! She fell not when the mighty were upon her. Her sons were united at Thermopylae and Marathon, and the tide of her triumph rol led back upon the Hellespont. She fell not by the hands of her own people. The men of Macedonia did not the woik of des truction. It was already done by her own corruptions, banishments, and dissensions. Rome! republican Rome ! whose eagles glanced in the rising sun where and what is she ! The eternal city yet remains proud even in her desolation, noble in decline, venerable in the majesty of religion, and calm in the composure of death. The ma laria has but travelled in the parts won by the destroyer. More than eighteen cen turies have mourned over the loss of the empire. A moral discaso was upon her beforo Crosar had passed the Rubicon, and Brutus did not restore her health by the deep probings of the Senaie Chamber. The Goths, and Vandals, and Hun. the swarms of the North, completed only what was begun at home. Romans betrayed Rome The legions were bought and sold, bjjt the people pniu llie tribute money. And where are the Republics of modern times which clustered around immortal Italy ? Venice and Greeco exist but in name. The Alps, indeed, look down upon tho brave and peaceful Swiss, in their na live fastnesses ; but the guaranty of their freedom is their weakness, and not their etrength. Tho mountains are not easily rctoincd. When tho invader comes, he moves like an avalanche, carrying destruc tion in his path. The peasantry sink before liim. The country, too, is loo poor for plunder, and too rough for valuable con quest. Nature presents her eternal barrier on every side to check tho wantonness of ambition. And Switzerland remains, with her Bimplo institutions, a military road to climates scarcely worth a permanent pos session, and protected by tho jealousy of her neighbors. Wo stand tho latest, and, if wo fail, probably tho last example of self-government by the People Wo have begun it under circumstances of the most auspi cious nature. Wo ore in tho vigor of youth. Our growth has never been check fA hv tha oppression of tyranny. Our constitutions have never been enfeebled by the vices or luxuries of tho world. Such as wo are, we have been from tho beginning: simple, hardy, intelligent, ac customed So self government and sell-respect. Tho Atlantic rolls between us and a formidable foe. Within our own territo. ry, stretching through many degrees of latitude, we havo the choice of many pro. ducts, and many means of independence. Tho government is mildthe press free. Religion is free. Knowledge reaches, or may reach, every home. What fairer piospect of success could ho presented ? What more is nuccssary than fur the Pco. plo to preserve what they themselves have crcalrd ? Alrcody hns the age caught tho spirit of our institutions. It has ascended the An. des, and snuffed the breezes of oceans. It his infused itself in the life-blood of Europe, and warmed the sunny plains of France, and the low lands of Holland. It has touched tho philosophy of Germany and the North, and, moving onward to the South, has opened to Greece tho lesson of better days. Can it be that America, under such cir cumstances, can betray herself? That she is to be added to the catalogue of Republics, the inscription upon whoso ruin is, 'They were, but they arc not?' Forbid it, my countrymen. Forbid it, Heaven. I call upon you, Fathhiis, by the shades of your ancestors, by the dear ashes which repose in this precious soil, by all you hope to be, resist every project of disunion ; re sist every attempt to fetter ycur conscience or smother your public schools, or extin guish your system of public instruction. I call upon you, Mothers, by that which never fails in woman, the love of your off spring, to teach them, as they climb your knees to learn on your bosom, the blessings of liberty. Swear them nt the altar as with their baptismal vows, to be true to their country and never forsake her. I call upon you, young men, to remcm bcr whose sons yon are, whose blood flows in your veins. Life can never bo too short which brings nothing but disgrace anil op pression. Death never comes too soon, if necessary, in defence of the liberties of our country. A R T. When from llie sacred garden driven, Man fled before his Maker's wrath, An ungel left her place in heaven, And crossed llie wanderer's sunless path. ' I'w.is Art ! sweet Art ! new radiance broke, Wheieher light foot flew o'er the ground ; And ilius with seraph voice she spoke, "The curse si blessing shall be found ! She led him through the trackless wild, Where noontide sunbeams never blazed; The iliisile tlinink the harvest smiled, And nalme gladdened ns she gazed. Earth's llioii-'und tribes of living ihi'igs, At Art's coiihiiand to him are given ; The village grows, the city springs, And point their spires of faith lo heaven. He rends the oak and bids it ride, To guai d llie shores ils beamy graced ; Ho smiles the rock upheaved in pride, Seo inuers ofstieiiglh, and domes of tnste. Earth's teeming caves, their wealth reveal, File beats his banner on tin; wave, lie bids the mortal poisun heal, And leaps triumphant o'er the grave. He plucks the pearls that stud the deep, Adiniiing beauiy's lap lo fill ; He bieak'r. the stubborn tn.nble's sleep, And mocks his own Creator's skill. Willi thoughts thai swell Ins glowing soul, He biiN tho me illume llu page, Ami pioudly scorning lime's control, Commences witli an unburn age. In fields cf air he writes his name, And treads the chambers of the sky ; He icads llie stars, and grasps tho flame Thai quivers round the ihrnuc on high. In war teiiowned, in peace sublime, He mines in grc uness and in grace ; His power subduing space and time, Links i calm to le.ilm, und race to race. retains, with little vanati n, to me suintuii. Wo passed, in tho way, several small brooks winding down the side of the nioun tnin, and furnishing water of surpassing transparency and purity, whose cxcullencu wo were well prepared to appreciate. At tho sight of these ptiro.streams wo could not but. tool too litrcojoMitie uoauuiui otm expressive language of Jfcjljsnltnist "As the hart pantcth nftcrTtMwator brook-), so inntolh inv soul aftcrLtBby O God." It as refreshing to drink t those streams. but moru so to think of tho puro and cxhaustlcss fountains of spiritual life which they faintly shadowed forth, nnd after which tho christian pants as ho labors up the steep declivities, in his way towards Heaven. Wo reached tho summit about 5 o'clock M. It consists of a bare rock of several acres, on the east and west skirted with a thick growth of low balsam. Its extensive top, presents n nearly level surface, of a few rods in width, running Irom north to south, and terminating on the south by perpendicular precipice of several hundred feet, from the foot of which the mountain slopes off to tho bottom of a valley at an immense distance below. The descent on the north is more gradual to the valley of tho Onion river. The weather, nt tho time of our arrival at tho summit, was not the most favorable for tho full view which we desired. Thero had been a rain on tho preceding night and morning, and tho day had been sultry anil the sky overcast with clouds. A light breeze sprung up from the north soon alter noon, which had much increased on our arrival at the top of the mountain, driving away the clouds, and gradually disclosing the magnificent and enchanting scenery that surrounded us. Wn were 4000 feet above tho level of Like Champlain about 20 miles distant and in a situation not only to look down upon that, and the broad expanse which intervened, but oven upon the loft y mountains which wore scuttured in wild confusion, and rose in majestic grandeur on every tide of us. On the south there came up from i he deep broad chasm Hint tortus the soul hern extremity of the "Rump," a continuation of the main range of ihe Green Mountains, rising willitn eiiibt or ten miles, to t lie lolly sum tnit ofJ'Mtato Hill," in Lincoln, but little h'ss elevated than the "Rump" itself. On tho north, b"vond (hi! deep chasm formed by the passage of Onion River, rose, ti with a proud consciousness of superiority the Mansfield mountain, about 4400 feel above the level of the Lake; while, in the listaueo on tho west, wore spren.il out. the long range ol mountain- in New. York and on the cast, the "White Hills" with their whole connecting rango of mountain in the "granite State." Tho grandeur of this scone was height ened by the clouds which were sweeping across the summit of some ol the surround ing mountains, and hall circling the beau tiful landscape which extends to the eastern and western and northern limits of the Slate. But wo had little time to dwell upon this scone, llie sun was rapidlv descending. and wo were admonished by the approach of night, to prepare for Us repose. We selected a place on the lop of tho moun tain in tho depression which appears in the distant view, between the northern and southern elevations, and whore wo found the shelter of a largo rock from the north ern blasts. All hands fell lo work, and a cabin was 30011 erected, covered and floored with tho boughs of the balsam, where we enjoyed, after commending ourselves to the Divine protection, a night of sweet and refreshing rest. EXCURSION TO "CAMEL'S RUMP." 11V HOK. WJI. SI.ADE. ' This elevation is situated in tho south eastern part of the County of Chittenden, nbout twenty five miles "north east from Middlobury, and about the samn distance in a westerly direction from Motilpelier. It derives its name from its resemblance to the back of tho Camel, and has long been an object of attention, and is yearly becum ing one of increasing interest to the lovers of the sublime. A previous appointment brought together at Iho house of Mr. Snyder, near tho vil lage ol lJtintinglon, about six miles west of the mountain on tho 21st instant, nine individuals destined to the summit of the "Rump." Four of those wero Methodist clergy men, viz: Rov. Messrs. Bales and Pruidlc ol Sholburno, Frazor of Middle bury, and Brown of Bristol. Procoodin two miles ft 0 m Mr. Snyder's to tho end of tne Road, we left our horses, swung our packs, and took to the woods, The four miles from this point to the top of the mountain was passed in a little short of four hours, Something more than half the way, is a winding passage, gently ascend ing round tho basu of a high mountain west of tho "Rump," which wo passed without much fatigue. Within less than two miles from tho top, the cloyalion ol tho ascent begins rapidly to increase, and continues lo increase until it risen to an i angle of probably 60 degrees, which it Tho hope of witnessing a beautiful sun rising, and a clear sky, gave to the dawn ol day a peculiarly awakening power, and brought us to our feet, lo witness a scene which was as unexpected ns it was grand and imposing. We had climbed tho moun. tain to vtew a landscape: hut what was our surprise, when tho twilight first dis closed Iho expanse around us, to witness a vast ocean, extending from the mini ranjo of the mountain, north und south, as far us tho eye could reach, ond east lo the White Hills of New Hampshire! Though it was, in reality, but a dense mass ol fog, it seemed impossible at the carlv dawn to dispel the illusion, and realize that it was any thing else than a vast body of water, burying 111 its ileep and capacious bosom the thousands of human beings who we knew wero slumbering beneath its surface. That surface was probably two thousand feet below us, and perfectly level. The tops of tho mountains projected above it, so as to present the appearance of islands, capes and promontories in overy direction around tho eastern horizon. Tho illusion was perfect, and for more than an hour we feasted upon the magnificent sceno which it presented. As the tun approuchod the horizon, the van rango of the Whito Mountains of New-Hampshire became more distinctly visioio, and lormed a de nitc boundary to iho ocean which luv spread out, with its thousand islands before us. Tho mass of fog extended over ihu bed of Onion River, through tho whole of its winding way to tho lake; and to odd to the illusion of iho scene, there was a Blight motion of the surl'ucn of the fog, inrougn tne narrow pass at Un ton. nrot u ced by a gentlo north easterly breeze, which Boctnou into llie pasiitiL' of the nuglity waters, thr ugh their natural out let, to the plain below. While we wore feasting on this illusion. the sun arose, and threw his bright beams across the ocean wnich lav beforo us. Instantly tho surface of tho mighiy macs was changed from 0 dark gray, to un almost snowy whiteness, and as the emu rose still highor, presented ihu oppearanco of u vast expanso 01 snow, witli a dri ted surface Tho eccno was gorgeous and splendid ueyonii tne powor o description, and con attention, almost exclusively from tho enchanting landscape, sprend out on tho western slue or mo Slate, and upon which, savo tho winding valley of Onion River. iho mists had spread no morning darkness. Iho contrast was striking. Facm" the north, wo beheld the deep gulph through which Hows ilia river, far below ns, anil the huge and lofty mountain of Mansfield lifting its venerable form beyond, white the vast ocean on the right, burying every villago and hamlet in the eastern part of the b ale, displayed a strong conlrast to tho clear and distinct map of nearly one half of the wcsUrn part, with Lake Cham plain and its Islands, lying almost bsMieath our feet. It was worth 11 voyage across earth's) widest sea, to witness ibis combi nation of ocean, islands, mountains, and landscape rich and lovely, with a cloudless thy, and tho sun shining in his strength. and pouring his golden rays upon tho world nt wonders spread out in wild and gorgeous magnificence around us. As tie sun canio lo shine more directly on the mass of vapor which covered the eastern part of tho State, it gradually dis appeareJ, until, nt about ten o'clock, tin ocean lud vanished, nnd in its place, a rich and enchanting landscape, with its villages anu tiainieis anu cultivated tie us was pread out in vast and beautiful variety before us. And now came another wonder. It was the formation of clouds from tho vapor.- winch had rested on the' earth duriti" thu night. What was m the lower atmosphere at the dawn of day, became r.mfiod bv tho action of the sun ; and, tiscoiidin", formed detached clouds. 1'iio formation of theso clouds from beginnings, "ns hi" as u man s band,' was an obiect of great inter est to us. We saw in the process of some of these formations an illustration of the theory of Professor Espy of Philadelphia regard to the formation ol clouds and tho operation of storms. It was a small upward current of rnrified vapor tuslnng to a common centre, and rising until 11 reached a cooler atmosphere, where became condensed and spread itself out in the form of a cloud. Ono operation of tins Kind was peculiarly observable in th north-western part of Washington county These clouds were, before 10 o'clock limned in every direction, and floated ooiow, arounu una uouve us, giving a new and deepened interest to the scene. Wo gnz.'d, and gazed upon this world of sublimity and beauty, with a gratification which tho magnihcent and the lovely nature are so peculiarly fitted to produce But thero was another object more vast land glortniiJ nnd lovely than this' combined seme ot beauty and grandeur. It. was tho G heat AuTiion of it all. We looked beneath us, and there was tho mighty mass on winch wo stood, bomo op by an Al mighty Hcnd, to a towering height, amidst tho surrounding mountains, and exciting in in a strange and thrilling senso of the Creator's power. We looked around, and fiero lay spread out, in vast and mngnifi cent variety, huge mountains, deep valleys winding rivers, cultivated towns, und thru ving villages and hamlets, combining the sublime and iho vast in nature, with the productions of skill and art and human industry. Surely, GOD was there, in tho signal manifestations of his power and wis dotn anJ goodness, above, beneath, around and within us. It was the crowning glory of the scene. To stand amidst these glories of heaven and earth, and lift up the heart and say with joyous and exulting wonder and gratitude, "My Father made them alt." It was onotigh ! enough for earth! and seemed tho fitting transition to a nearer and sweeter and holier communion with heaven than earth can give. We felt it ; and, gathering in a citcle, prepared for religious solemnities. Wo sang unci prayed: But such a prayer! It was full of tho inspiration of a scene so woll suited to expand and deepen our conceptions of Jehovah's power. But while our minds were drawn "through iiituro up to nature's d, man, buried nnd sleeping in the mists of ignorance, and bound in the slayery of sin, was nut forgot ten. The eye had been indulged in an unwonted range over tho face of nature, ami tho mind, cutching the inspiration of the scene, seemed to rango with n corresponding freedom and boldness of flight, among iho objects of human guilt nnd siillering. Jnr was Ike African slave forgotten. Never did 1 unite 111 such a prayer lor the abolition ot slavery. Kvery heart loll it; and I believe every heart gathered Iresh courage and strength to do all that ought to be done to advance the cause ol human emancipation front unrighteous, lawless, irresponsible powor. gain wo sung i und then listened to a discourse from the Rev. Mr. Pruidle. He read a passage descrtptivo of the view of Moses Irom the summit ot t isgnh, which ho made tho lotindation of an eloquent and deeply impressive address of half an hour. Again wu pruyed, and soon alter tjuil tlie scene. Tho whole has left on my mind on im- nression which will never bo effaced. It wns good lo be thero. Tho lovo of tho sublimo and beautiful was richly gratified and the occasion unproved, as all such occasions should be, to expand iho heart, to deepen ils humility, to give it a more profound sense of the Divine wisdom and power, to enlargo its benevolence, nnd to lead it to 11 nearer communion with the Goil and Father of all. MddUhury, Aug. 31, 1033. or intimacy with a female, was as good cv tuence 01 intenucti matrimony aa n special contract.' The princtplo of Iho case un- lotibledly i. that if Hastings did not prom he ou'ii to have done it! nnd so the law holds htm responsible for the nnn-por. nrmance of his dutv. A most excellent ectsion : n most righteous judge : coinpar oil with whom Daniel would appear but a common squire. Wo havo no idea of a young fellow dangling about n woman for year or two, without being ablo to uiucw lis courage up to the sticking point, unit then going oft'leaviog his sweetheart half courted : wo hate this everlasting nibble nnd never n bite: this beating the bush arul never starting the game: this standing to tho rack without touching tho corn; it is the crying sin oflhe ago. There is not ono girl in twenty can tell whether she is court ed nr not. No wonder that when Betty Simper's cousin asked her if Billy Doubtful was courtitur her, she onswered ! don't know xactlv.l he's sorter courtin' and sorter not courtiiB.' Wo have no doubt that Hastings is ono of thcio 'sorter not' fellows, and most heartilydo wo rejoice, that the judge bro't Intn up standing witli a 14-J5 verdict. Tho judge says, "that long continued atten tions,' or intimacy,' is just as good as a regular promise. Now wo do not know what would pass for 'intimacy,' according to the laws of Vermont; but sup'posing nttontions to consist 111 visiting n girl iwico a week : ond estimate the '.lino wast ed bv Miss Mtitison at each visit to he worth a dollar, which is dog chonp, Mr. Hastings has been making n fool of himself fourteen years und yomo odd weeks. Thi-j decision makes a new era in the law of lovo, and wo doubt not will tend lo tho promotion ot ma'rimony and sound morali ty. Ulku Democrat. LOVE AND MARRIAGE. A case was recently tried in Rutland, Vermont, in which a Miss Munson recover ed 1425 of u Mr. Huttings, for u broach of u marriage contract. Tho curiosity of tho thing is, that iho Vermont judge charg ed the jury "that no explicit promise was ncceosiiry lo hind the parties to n marriage tinued for u long time to withdraw our contract, but that long continued attentions KISSING. A young man who boarded at a house in tho country, where several coy damsels who seemed to imagine tha'. men are tern blc creatures whom it is an unpardonable sin to look at, was one forenoon accosted by an acquaintance, and asked what he thought of the young ladies with whom he boarded r Ho replied, they wore very shy and reserved. ' So they aro,' returned the other, 'and so much so that no gentleman could gel near enough to tell tho color of their eyes.' ' That may bo.'said the boarder, quickly, ' yet I will stake a million that I can kiss them all three without any trouble. ' That you cannot do,' cried his friend, ' it is an achievement which neither you nor nny other man can accomplish. The other was positive, and invited his friend to llie homo to witness this triumph They entered tho room together, and the three girls were all at home sitting beside their mother, and they all looked as prim and demure as John Rogers at tho stake, Our hero assumed a very grave aspect even lo dejection, and having looked wist fully at the clock, breathed a sigh as deep as Algebra, and as long as a femalo dia loguo at a street door. His singular de portment now attracted the attention of the girls, who cast their slow opening oyes up wards lo his countenance. Perceive tlie impression he has made, ho turned to his companion and said in a doleful voice : ' It wants tnree minutes oflhe time ! ' D.) you speak of dinner .' ' said the old lady, laying down her sewing work. Dinner !' said he, with bewildered as poet, and pointing, as if unconsciously with curled lorelingcr at the clock. A silence ensued, during which the ft mile part of tho household glared nt the young man with irrepressible curiosity 1 Vou will see me decently interred,' said ho turning again to Ins friend. His friend was as much puzzled as any body present, and Iih embarrassment ad ded to the intended effect, but the old ludv being no longer able to contain herse cried : Mr. C , pray what do you speak of. Nothing. ' answered ho, in a liigubriou tone, ' but that hist night a spirit appeared unto me !' Here the girls rose to their feet and drew near. ' And the spirit gave me warning that I should dio exactly ut twelve o'clock to-day, and you see It wants but half a minute of iho timo !' The girls turned pale, and their hidden sympathies wero at once awakened for ih doomed and Iho departed 0110. They stood chained to the spot, and looking alternately at the clock and nt tne unfortunate youth he llieu walked up to the eldest ol the girl and taking her bv the hand, bade her u sol mo farewell. He also imprinted ti kis upon her trembling lips, which she did no attempt to resist, lie then bade tho second and third l.trewell 111 the same tender and affectionate uiatinor. His object was achinv ed. and that moment the clock struck Hereupon ho looked around surprised and ejaculated. 'Who would havu believed that un apparition would tell such a lio It was probably Ihe ghost of Anuaiiias or bapphira.' It was some time before the maidens un tlerstood llie joke, nnd when they did limy evinced no resentment. I lie lirst kiss brui iho ice, and thanks r tho ghost, they dis covered that thero was some pleasure id bearded cheek. SHORT "SERMONS. We think that those of iho Clorgy who have ihu best (acuity for condensing their discourses, und presenting ut tho same lime finish, argument, exhortation nnd strength, best subservo iho interests of the sacred prolesun they nave assumed. 1 lie ni'ist eloquent mm 111 the world may lire an audience by loo long addressing litem for though iho spirit may indeed bo willin thoflish is weak, nnil cannot, in comfort support long nnd wearisome confinement GEOLOGICAL AND TOPOGRAPHI CAL SURVEY. To his excellency, Silas II. Jenisun, gover wn of the Stale of Vermont t In answer lo inquiries respecting tho probable time, expanse, &c. necessary lu executo n geological ond a topographical survey of the state, I bog leave to submit the following: In answering tho several point? of inquiry which naturally arise respecting a geologi cal nnd a topographical stirvoy of tho stato of Vermont, it is necessary to state briefly what is to be done in both casos. In a geological survey, Iho character of tho various rock formations which support the soil must bo ascertained, and these characters nnd their relations must be com pired with those of similar rocks in other parts of the world. The peculiarities of known mineral veins tho regions where valuable mineral treasure such as metalic ore.-i, coal beds, marl bottoms, useful eub. stances for architectural and oilier purposes, may t-xist and of course, be wisely Bought for. must bo pointed out, and also the re gions whero, judging from tho experience of the world, it will be in vain to look for them. Tho nature of ihe various coverings which ovmlin tho solid foundations of tha state must also bo investigated and their relations to tho natural and artificial vege tation found 011 them. The connexion ol theso facts with such natural causes as are known to have opera ted in the world, or are now in action, needs also to he traced as far as practicable, All this no '.'(Is to bo drawn out in the form of an elaborate report, accompanied with such maps, sketches and illustrations as may ho needful to give a clear view of the subject to the reader. In addition lo this, tlie report 1nn.1t be accompanied with vouchers, so to speak, for the truth of much that is staled in it, in iho shape of well selected specimens ot the various rocks, ores, important imbedded minerals, organic remains, &c. which shall havo been found in iho survey. Ono set of these specimens properly labelled and arranged should bo placed in cases in the state house, or such other place as tho legislature shall deter, mine, and ono other sol equally complete, or as nearly so as the nature of the case will admit of, should bo furnished to each of the colleges in the otatc, to bo kept in each instance by itself, that it may be ever at hand for examination in regard to the facts and doctrines of the report. In n topographical survey, the inquiry is not what is the nature of tho rock or soil of a particular spot, or what is it good for, or how came it there, but simply where is tho spot m reference to other remarkable onvs in tho world. Tho work to bo dotio is substantially the following. Supposing all needful instruments to have been pro- idod and properly tested, the first thing to bo done is the measurement of a straight line some miles in length in a suitable posi tion, and the designation of its extremalies 0 exactly that for ages to como tlicy can be determined at any timo, to within a hair's breadth. Tho measurement of this line must be so precise and its slraighlness so perfect, that admitting it to be 10 miles in length, the result should not vary two inches from the truth, so far as the moat perfect inUrumcnts could show. The pre. cise latitude or longitudo of ils extremeness need also to be determined by all accuinto available means. By observations, the dis tances from its cxtremeties to points on tha highest visible peaks of mountains, and the distances from theso points to others on the tops of other mountains, must then bo ascoriained, When a eorios of lines, Iho longest that can bo accurately established, has been in this manner extended oyer tho state, tho (paces between them must bo subdivided, by getting the distances be tween intermediate, lower and nearer points, and so on till tho fixed known points are as near to each other as shall bo tho'l iiecssary for all future purposes of surveys. Lvery step of this process, as far as 11 may be carried, together with a mullitudo of collateral experiments and observations necessary to insure precision in the appli cation of the instruments, must also bo re corded in u report, so that every competent person can see how each result was obtain ed, and how far iis accuracy can bo relied To hear and inwardly digest a good di course, 11 h necessary iliat a congregation arc not licld logetluir lung enough to begi even to ihiuk of home, From n comparison of theso two objects it will he seen that they differ in almost ev. ury point. The geological survey will de. mand incessant activity and extensive travel. Tho topographical survey will demand ex treme caution and cannot proceed activelr. In tho lormxr, as many points as possible must bo visited, and tho space lietwcon I hem must be scanned with an observant oye; while in pissing from place lo place, 111 most caes, the roughest and most un frequented rouio must bo taken, and tho s ay at each place bo but short. In the hitler, as lew points as possible must bo visited, in passing from one to Iho other, tho smoothest route, ho it ever so long, must bo taken and the whole attention occupied in iho careful transportation of instruments. Moreover the stay in each placo uniit be of considerable duration. The sort of manual labor needful in tho former will he mostly of a rough and vio lent character, out in the latter the most pains taking delicacy must bo as constantly practised. Again, ihe geological survey must cover ihu whole ilale. Every town inui be visi ted ; 11 geological map of the whole statu laid down, or tho enterprise will bo reck oned to have failed in an important degree. In a topographical survey, so far as it is done, if done us 11 should' ho, it will be dona forever, mid remain unalterable. It may go on to a greater or loss extent, now or ut any time, hut if perfectly done so far us nominally done, failure cannot he asserted respecting it. Each step is perfect in it. elf ami available for future operations, let tho work Mop whero it may, Were nothing done even but lo establish the bare line,

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