Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, October 19, 1838, Page 1

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated October 19, 1838 Page 1
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NOT THE GLORY OF CiESAU HUT THE WELFARE OF ROME. BY II. B. STACY. FRIDAY, OCTOBER 19, 1838. VOIi. XIINo. 591 Wo lire not in ttic lialiil ofiidmilling poriry into our column;, believing, ns uc do, Ihat tlio grciil lna.a nf our rentiers would picfcr lo sec llicm oilier wise filial j but wo cannot refuse place to tlio following Hues, from l lie pro ofuiioofour tniat cn t:rprisin; r icamboat captaina of the tlay, as dis tinguished for hi grnilcmnnty deportment to his paMcngors as for his devotion lo whig principles. N. Y. Cour. !f Enq. WHAT I LOVE. 1 loc the tnnn wIwms generous heart Communes with llic diseased , Vhno hand is open lo iclievo The helpless and distressed. 1 love the Christian follower, Whatc'er his creed may he, If his practice and profession Invaii.tbly agree. 1 love tlio man who will defend An iili.-ciH firing: brother : And ne'er in idle recklessness Calumniate another. I love the man whoso noble soul Disdains a tyrant's lod; Whose mind no power can control, But conscience and its God ! I love the man who looks aloft, With clear and steady eye; Fur the sweet reward allotted thoso Who virtuous live and die. WHAT I HATE. I halo the iron hearted, Whom self alone controls; Nor envy ihcm the gilded dioss Fur which they sell their souls. I hate the hjpocrilo who looks So sanctified and grave ; I hale the en hnsi.ntic tool Of Mich n licartlesi knave. I hale tin d.imlcrcr, who loyca Mho death, a shining mark ; 1 hate It nil more becauu he sUikcs His victim in the dark. I hate the fawning sycophant Who will cringe lo wealth and power ; 1 hate the lihcrlinc who'd crush A sweet and lovely flower. I hale the base inebriate, Who, for the maddening bowl, Will sacrifice his hopes on earth, And pledge his very soul ! THE "KEY OF DEATH." In the collection of curiosities preserved in the Arsenal at Venice, there is a key, of which the following singular tradition is i elated : Alioul the year 1G00, one of those dangerous men in whom cxtradinary talent i3onlyn fearful source of crime and wickedness beyond that of ordinary men, came to establish himself as merchant ttnd trader in Venice. The stranger, whose name was Tubal tlo, liecamc enamored of the daughter of an ancient liouse, ahsiuly afli.inced lo another. He demanded her in marriage and was of course rejccicd. En. raged at this lie studied how lo be revenged; Pro foundly skilled in the mechanic! arts, he allowed himself no rest until ho had invented the most for midable weapon that could be imagined. This was nkcy of large size, the handle of which was so constructed that it could be turned round wilh lillle difficulty. When turned it discovered a spring, which, on pressure, launched from the other end a needle or lancet of such subtle fineness, that it en tered into the flesh, and buried iiscH there without leaving any external trace. Tcbaldo waited at the door ol the church in which the maiden whom he loved was about to receive the nuptial benediction. The nssasin sent the slender steel, inipcrcched, into the breast of the bridegtoom, Thu wounded man had no suspicion of injury, but seized wilh sudden nnd sharp pain in the midn of the cciemony, he fainted nnd was carried to his house amid llic lam entations of llie bridal parly. Vain was all the fkill of the physicians, who cuiild not divine the cause of this strange illness, nnd in a few days he expired. Tcbaldo again demanded the hand of the maiden from her parents, nnd leceiml a second icfusal. They, loo, perished miserably in a few days. The alarm occasioned by ihese dcaihs, which appeared nlmost miraculous, excited the inmost vigilance fo the magistrates ; and when on c'ose examination of the bodies, the small instii.inem was found in the gangrened flesh, terror was universal etery one fearcil for his own life. The maiden thus cru. elly orphaned, had passed the first month of hei mourning in a convent, when Tcbaldo, hoping to bend her to his will, entreated to speak wilh her ut the graie. The face of the foreigner had been ever displeasing lu her, but since the death of all those most dear 10 her it had become odious, as if rha had a presentiment of his guilt, nnd her reply was most decisive in tlio negative, Tcbaldo, be yond himself with ruge, attempted to wound her through the grate, nnd succeeded ; while the obscu rity of tlio place prevented his movement from being observed. On her return lo her room, the maiden felt a pain in her bicast, nnd uncovering she found it spoiled with u single tlrop of blood. The pain increased ; the furgeons who hastened to her assistance, taught by tho past, wnsicd no time in conjecture, but cutting deep into the wound ed part, extracted the needle before any mortal mischief had commenced, and saved the life ol the lady. The slnte inquisition used every means to discover the hand which dealt theso insidious nnd irreaieliblo blows, l'he visit of Tcbaldo to the convent caused suspicion lo fall heavily upon him Hii homo was carefully searched tlio infamous invention discovered, nnd lie perished on tlio gibbet A Moment, One moment I what an effect it produces upon tears I Ouo moment ! Virtue guilt, glory", shame, rnpluro, wo, rest upon the do mgs of n moment t Death itself requires but moment yet eternity cannot revoke its deed ! Houu op We nroupt lo connect the voice of conscience w lib ilm stillness of mid night. But I ihink we wrong ibat innocent hour it is on Uiat tcrriblo next morning" when reason is wido awuke, that rcinoua fastens its fangs upon mo guilty. VERMONT LEGISLATURE SENATE. Tnunstur, October, 11, 1038. Tlio Sonata convened agreeably to tho con. stittttioti. I'rnycr by tlio Hcv. Mr. Smith. Mr. Camp called to oritur and took tho Clinir. Tho Socrctary then nilministurcil tho oath' of offico to tho niombors who accordingly took their scuta. Tlio Chair nominated, nnd tho Senate appoint, etl the following gontlemcn to act as canvassing committee on the part of tho Senate, viz. Messrs. Robinson, Jones, Edson, Kttridgo, Swift, Short, Chittenden, Goodwin, Kannoy and Hubboll. Tho Sonato proceeded to ballot for chaplain for tlio present session, which resulted in tho cloctinnof Rev. II W.mith. They then prococded to ballot fur Secretaries and officers of tho Sonnto and tho following gentlemen wcro declared elected to tho offices attached to their names. For Secretary, Mr. Haywood nominated H. W. Heaton, Esq., and M. flriggs, Norman Wil liams, Esq. Ballots for N. Williams 20 : Mr. Heaton 9 ; so Mr. Williams was declared duly cloctod. Assistant Secretary, Mr. Weston. Sargeant at Arms and Door keeper, Mr. I. W. Uikcr. Assistant Door keeper, Mr. C. C. Uphnm. Mr. Steel introduced n joint resolution fixing upon Friday next, at 3 o'clock P. M., for joint assembly to nominate Co. officers, and upon Saturday next, at 10 o'clock, A. M. for joint as. scmbly to elect tho same, l'asscd. My Mr. Briggs, n resolution, instructing the Secretary to furnish each member with 2 daily and 2 weekly papers from such press ns they might designate passed. A message was received from the House in forming tho Senate that they had organized, by tho appointment of Sol. Foot, Esq., Speaker ;ro tern, and F. F. Merrill, Esq., Clerk pro tan., and were ready to proceed to business. Tho Secretary was directed to inform tho House that tho Senate had organized, and wcro ready to transact business, and that they had ap pointed a canvassing committee. A mcssago from the house of representatives, informing tlio senate tho house had appointed a canvassing committee on thoir part. Senate adjourned. HOUSE. The members elect assembled in tho Rcprc scntatives Hall and having been called to order by the Clerk, were qualified and took their scats; when tho House proceeded to ballot for Speaker pro tcm. Solomon Foot, Esq. was nominated by Mr. Fullam. ' I'aul Dillingham was nominated by Mr. Field of Wilmington ; nnd tho votes having been taken and counted stood for Foot, M5 Dillingham, 73 Scat, 3 221 Mr. Foot was therefore elected. The Houso then proceeded to ballot tor Clerk pro tern. Oramel II. Smith was nominated by Mr. Fields and Fcrrand F. Merrill, Esq. by Mr. Fairbanks, anutno vote stoou, tor iucrrill, MO Smith, 71 Scot. 1 Mr. Morrill was doclared elected, and was sworn. On motion, Mr. Minor was nrnointnd tn inform tho scnato ol tho organization of the Houso : and immediately after tho Secretary of that body appearing announced an organization on their part and tho appointment of a canvassing committee. Tho House then prococded to tho choice of assistant clerk pro torn, when John L. Buck and C. G. Eastman being nominated the vote was for Buck, Ml Eastman, 78 Mr. Buck was declared elected and was sworn The rules of last session woro adonted torn. porarily for the present. JUr. Bradley was appointed to inform tho Gov. ornor of the organization &c. of tho House. Iho Houso on tlio nomination of tho Chair appointed the following gentlemen ns a can. vassing committee to join that from the Senate, viz : Bennington co. Messrs. Bluckmcr, Kid. dor, Gardner. Windham co. Messrs. Bullock, Wcntworth, Minor of Dover. Rutland co. Mossrs.ICcllogg, Bucklin, Westover. Windsor co. Messrs. Moulton, Onion, Gay. Addison co. Messrs. Ellswort Warner. .Towett. Orn Messrs. Colby, Winslow, Densmoro Chittcn- ten co. Messrs. Bynigton. Stevens. Barnes Washington co. Messrs. Smith, Iloldcn, Whoo. icr uaicuoma co. Messrs. Wh tc aw. Mat. locks, Martin. Franklin co. Messrs. Boutcll. oabtn, Bcardsloy. Orleans co. Messrs. Has. tings, Hinman, Robinson. Lamoille co. Messrs i'll, lOVOS. Wllltlinv Kssnx nn. Mnaara JJcwy.Urooks.Morrison. Grand Isloco. Messrs iuams, Hasten, Wndsworth. A resolution was offered rcnucstin!? thu Snnnk. or to invito tho Clergymen of'Montpelier Villago to officiate in rotation in divine service in tho uouso eacii morning, which was passed. adjourned to 3 o'clock, r. m. SENATE. 3 o'clock, i. m. Met pursuant to adjournment. A message from tho Hnno ,,r,,,,; ,i, Scnato of tho passage of a joint resolution by that body, fixing upon 3 1.2 o'clock this after- noun, mr joint assembly to receivo tho report of .u uunruMiNB uumiiiuiuo. oennto concurred. A resolution instructing the Com. on Judiciary to inlruduco a bill to abolish imprisonment for uuui puaocu. csonato adjourned, house. 3 o'clock, i u A resolution waa ofTorod thnt both l.miL. moot in joint assembly this nfternoon to receivo tne report ol tho canvassing committee adopted. A resolution was recoivcd from tho sonntn appropriating Fridny nftornoon next for county conventions, and Saturday afternoon for tbn meeting m joint assembly to elect county officers which was coucurrcu in. A resolution was offered to furnish nnch mom, bor with ono daily newspaper, to bo solcetod by tlio member, which wns roicefnd : nnd tbn vntn atiorwantH rcconsiuorod ; when nn amendment was ofiorcd to cnlargo tho number to three weekly papors. The amendment wa3 opposod and rejocled ; but tho resolution, nftor some fur. tlior 11180111.81011, was bo varied as lo provide- for furnishing each member with one daily, and one weekly paper, uud adopted. Both houses j low met in joint asuombly, wlion the canvassing committee mado the following report of tho votes for stato officers : Eor Governor, Silas H. Jcnison, 21,738 William C. Bradley, 19,191 Scat. 37 For Lieut. Governor, David M.Camp, 21,503 John S. rottihono, 19,192 For Treasurer, Henry F. Janes, 21,503 Daniel Baldwin, 18,788 Scat. 495 Tho Houso proceeded to tho election of Speaker ; when Solomon 1'oot nnd l'aul Dillmg. ham, Esquires, being nominated, the votes wore taken and stood for Foot 147 Dillingham 78 Seat. 1 Mr. Foot boing thus elected was qualified. Tho IIoiipo thou proceeded to tho election o clerk, and F. F. Merrill and O. II. Smith, boing nominated, tho ballots wcro taken and stood for Morrill MG Smith 80 a Tho election of assistant clerk, was, on mo tion, taken up, and John L. Buck and C. G. Eastman being nominatod, tho voto stood for Buck, 151 Eastman, 62 Tho houso noxt procccdod to tho choico of Engrossing clerk and Ocl Billings and Homor W. Heaton being candidates, the votes stood for Billings, Ml Heaton 74 A resolution was ofibrcd appointing Saturday forenoon for a joint ussombly to elect a Secrc tary of Stale adopted. adjourned. SENATE. Oct. 12. Secretary administered the oath of oflico to Mr. Camp, as Lieut Gov. A bill entitled an act to incorporate the Lake Champlain and Otter creek Rail Road read twice and referred to com. on Road and Canals. A resolution for joint assembly on Sa turday, to elect Superintendent tho Vt. Stato Prison, Commissioner of Deaf and Dumb, and Auditor of accounts agajnst a State passed. By Mr. Picrnoint. a bill rclativn tn ilm Judiciary proposing to rcduco the num ber of Judges of the Supremo Court to 3 setting forth their powers to divide the state into four circuits providing for tho appointment of one circuit Judge for each circuit, and regulating Co. Courts Read twice and referred to tho committee on Judiciary. A message from tho House, that the House concurred in tho resolution fnr joint assembly for the nomination and ap pointment oi uo. oincors ; to procure tho printing of COO copies of Directory, and had passed a joint resolution fixing upon Saturday next, at 10 o'clock A. M. for joint assembly to elect Secretary of State senate concurred. Tho Senate now proceeded to the elec tion of Standing committees. whieh . suited in the election of the following gentlemen to tho offices which precede their names, to wit : l'inance Messrs. Steele. Burton. Mr.. Millan. Manufactures Messrs. Bowon. Har vey and Clarke. Agriculture Messrs. Noblo. Chittcn- den and Allen. Judiciary Messrs. Briggs, Robinson and Hubbell. On Claims Messrs. Piernoint. Hib bard and Chandler. Education Messrs. Swift, Edson and Short. Elections Messrs. Kittridge. Jones &. Gurtiss. Military Aflairs Messrs. Lawrence, Tcnney and McMillan. Roads and Canals Messrs. Youn" Ranney and Goodwin. Banks Messrs. Converse, Kittrid"c and Young. Land I axes Messrs. lloywood, Scars and Smilie. Adjourned. October 12. HOUSE, Appointments by tho chair. Committee of Elections. Messrs. Col by, Byington, Smith of Berkshire, Brig- Ham, bmitnot llcrlin, Hay ward of Shafts bury, Datton. Committee to canvass votes for Con gress 1st. District, Messrs, Townslcy, Field ot Y., iMdd of a., JJechc, Graves. 2nd. District Messrs. Rich of Shore ham, Hazard, Sawyer of Sudbury, Far- ringion. noit. Ud. District Messrs, Raymond, Ha. en of Norwich, Bean, Stcbbins, Cor liss. 4th. District Messrs. Bradley, Stov ens, Adams of Gr. Isle, Tarlcton, Bard. 5th. District Messrs. Fairbanks, Scott, of Barro, Gardcll, Leonard of Glo ver, Rich of Maidstone Door Keeper Joseph Somerby. Hills. By Mr. Kcllogir for tho re charter of Rutlann Bank, referred to a committoo on Banks. V resolution was sent from tho Scnato fixing on Saturdav forenoon to elect a Supcrintcndant of tho Vermont Stato l'ri son, Commissioners of Deaf and Dumb, Bank Inspector and Commissioners and Auditor of Accounts concurred tn. Tito account of F. V. Hopkins against thu 8iuu was referred lo ihu Committee ot (Jlmma. Adjourned. From tho Qinibeo Official Gar.cltc. DURHAM. By Vis Excellency, tho Right Hon. John George, Earl nf Durham, Viscount Lamb tin, oic &c. Knight Grand Cross of tho nost Hon. Military Order of the Bath, oio of her Majesty's most linn. Privy Gained, mid Governor General, Vico Admiral 0ntl Cnptnin General of nil her Naj sty's provinces within and adjacent Mho continent of North America, &c. tc. &.C. A PROCLAMATION. Ill conformity with one of its provi sums, I have this tiny proclaimed IheAct 1 and 2 Victoria. Chap. 112, nnd cnttlcd, " An Act for indemnifying those " Wio have i.-meil or nctud under certain " parts of a curtniu Ordinance uindo under "color of an Act passed in the present session of Parliament, entitled An net lo make temporary provision for the Gov " eminent of Lower Canada." I have also to notify the disallownnce by her Mnjeity of tho Oadinnncc2d Victoria, chap, t, entitled " An Ordinance to pro "vide for the security of tlio province of "Lower Canada." 1 cannot perform these official duties, without at the same time informing you, the people of British America, of the course which the mcneurcsof the imperial govern merit and legislature make it incumbent on tne to pursue. The mystery which has hitherto too often during the "progress of the mnst important affairs, concealed from the people of these colonies, the intentions, the motive?, and the very actions of their rulers, appears to mo to have been ono of tho main causes of tho numerous errors of tlio government, and lhr genorrl dtBsatis laction of the people. Undesirable atony time, such concealment on the part of one entrusted with the supremo authority in the present crisis of your affairs, would be most culpable and pernicious. With a people from whom I have had so many and such gratifying proofs of warm confiding attachment, I can have no reserve. And my implicit reliance on vour lovaltv and good senso will justify me in making vou acquainted with what it most imports you io Know. It is tho more necessary for me thus to oct, bccinse, when I first entered upon tins Government, I explained lo you in n proclamation, issued inmiecjintely on my arrival on thoea shores, the nature of the powers vected in me, nnd the principles on wiiiuii 1 1 was my intention to exercise thorn. Now, therefore. I hat I am about tn return lo hncrland, I feel it mv bnnnden dut to state lo you, ns fullv and as frank ly, tne reneons winch have tudoced me to lay down powers rendered inadequate lo me cnrryuig inio ciiect those or any other princnics oi government. I dul not accept the rrovernment of British North America without dulv con sidering the nature of the task which I im. posed on myself, or tho sufficiency of my meanaof performing it. When Parliament concentrated all legislative and executive power in Lower Canada, in the same hBnds, it established an authoritv. which. in the strictest sense of tho word, wtisdcs potic. I Ins aulhorily her Majesty was Graciously pleased to delerate to mo. I did not shrink from assuming the awful re sponsibility of power, thus freed from con stitutional restraints, in the hope, that by exercising it with justice, with mildness, and with vijjnr, 1 might secure (lie happi ness of all classes of the people, and (acili tnte the epecdy and permanent restoration of their liberties. Hut 1 nt ver was weak cnourl to imnino that tho forms by which men's rights arc wir-ely guarded "in that country where freedom has boon longest enjoyed, best understood, and most prudent ly exorcised, could bo scrupulously observ ed in a society nlmost entirely disorganized by misrule and dissension. I concieved it lo be one of the chief advantages of mv po sition, that 1 whs enabled to pursue I bo real ends of t-ubslnntinl justice nnd sound policy, free and unfettered. Nor did I ever dream of npplying the theory or prac. ticcof ihu British constitution to" country whoo constitution was suspended, where all representative government was annihi lated, and I he people deprived of all con trol over their own nfl'urs, where tho or dinary guarantees of personal righis had been in nuoyance during a long subjection to Martial Law, and a continued susncn- sion of the Hnbcus Corpus, where there neither ma exist, nnr had for n long tune existed, any confidence in the impartial niltniiiiBtratioii of justice in any political case. To encourage and stimulate mo in m arduous tnsk, J had great and worthv ob jeets in viow. My aim wor to elcvato the provmcuol bower Canada to a thoroughly British character, to link its people tiMhe sovereignty of Britain, by making them nil participators in tnoso high pnvihgcs, con. uucivo nt onco to iroeiiom nnd ordor winch havo long been tlio glorv of Englishmen. I hoped to confer on an united pcoplo a more extensive enjoyment of free and ro sponsiblo govornmnnt, nnd to morgo tho pony jealousies oi a small community, and incouious animosities of origin in the high cr feelings of a no'jler and moro compro nciibivu iiuiiuiiatny. To givo effect lo these purpose?, it was necessary that my powers of government should bo as strong nsthey wore extensive, that I should bo known lo havo llic means oracling as well ns iud"in" for mv self, without n perpetual control bv distant authorities. It wcro well, indeed, if such wero the ordinary tenure of government in tho colonics, nnd that your local adminis tration should nlwnys enjoy so much of tho confidence ol lhoe, with whom rests tho ultimate decision of your nffaiis. that it might cvor rely on ono licintr allowed to curry nut its policy in completion, and on ticiiig mipporieu in giving elloct to its pro , uiiscd uud its commands. But in the pica cnt posture of your affairs, it wns nccessnry that the most unusual confidence should accompany tho delegation of a most unusu nl authority ; and that in addition to such great legal powers, tlio government hero should possess nil the moral force that could ho derived from the assurance that its acts would be final, and its engagements religiously obervcd. It h not by stinted powers, or a dubious authority, that the present danger can bo averted, or Iho foundation laid of n better order of things. I had reason to believe that I was nrnicd with all thu power which I tlioiiL'ht requi site, by the commissions and instructions under tho royal sign manual, vilh which I was charged as Governor General, and High Commissioner, by tlio authority Vested in me and my counci', by tho act of 'ho imperial legislature, and by the ireueral approbation of my oppointment, which all panics were pleased to express. 1 also trusted that I should eniov. throughout the course of my administration, all the strength which tho cordial and steadfast suiniorl ol the authorities at home can alone give to their distant officers, and that even party feeling would refrain from molesting me whilst occupied in maintaining the integ rity nf the British empire. in those just expectations I havo been painfully disappointed. From the very commencement of my losk, the minutest uctaiis or my administration have been ex posed to incessant criticism, in a spirit which has evinced an entire ignorance of the stale of this country, and of the only mode in which the supremacy of the British Crown can here be uphold and exorcised. Those who havo in tho British legislature systematically depreciated my powers, and tho ministors of the Crown by th:ir tacit ncquicscenco therein, have produced the effect of making it loo clear that my au thority is inadequate for the emergency which called it into existence. At length an act of my government, the firat and most important which was brought under the notice ol tlio authorities at home, has been annulled j and the entire policy of which thnt act was a small though essential part, lias 1 1 1 H3 been deleatud. The disposal of the political prisoners was from the first a matter foreign to mv mission. Wilh a view to the moro easy attainment, or tne great objects contempla ted, that question oughitu have been set tled before my arrivul. But it was essen tial lo my plans for the future tranquility and improvement of tho colony, that I should commence by allaying actual irrita tion. I had in the first place to determine the fate nf thoso who wero under prosecu tion, and to provide for tho .-ocurity of the province by removing the most dangerous disturbers of its peace. For these ends tho ordinary tribunals, as a recent trial has clearly shown, afforded me no means. Ju- licial proceedings would onlv have agitated the public mind afresh would have nut in evidence tho sympathy ofa large portion of the people with rebellion-and would have given to the disaffected generally, a fresh assurance of impunity for political guilt. An acquital in the face of the clearest cvi dence, which 1 am justified in having ami cipaletl as inevitable, would have set the immediate leaders of the insurrection nt liberty, absolved from crime, and exalted in the eyes of their deluded countrymen, as the innocent victims of unjust imprisenment and a vindictive charge. I looked upon these, as mischiefs which I was bound to ivcrt by tho nlmost exercise ofthe powers ontru-tcd to me I could not, without trial and conviction, tako any measures of a purely penal character; but! felt justified in availing mvself of nn acknowledgment of guilt and adopting measures of precau uon against a small number ol the most culpable or most dangerous oftho accused. to all the rest I extended a complete am nesty. Whether a bettor mode of aclincr could have been devised fur llic emergency, is now immaterial. This is the one "ihat'lias been adopted the discus.-ion which it at first excited has parsed awayand those who woro once most inclined to condemn its leniency, had acquiesced in or submit led to it. Tho good effects which must necessarily have resulted from any settle ment of this difficult question, had already begun to show themselves. 01 these, the principal wore, tho general approval of my policy by tho people of the United States, and tho consequent cessation of Amen can sympathy with any nt tempt to disturb mo uanauas. mis result has been most gratifying lo mo, inasmuch at it has gone far toward a complcto restoration of that good will between you and a great kindred nation, which I have taken every means in my power to cultivate, and which I earnest. ly entreat you to cherish, as essential to your peace and prosperity. It ia nlso very satisfactory to mo to find Ihat Iho rcrtitudoof mv policy has hardlv been disputed at home, and Iho disallownnce of tho ordinance docs not procued from nuv doubt of its substantial merit, but from the importance which has been nttuclied tn a supposed technical error in tho assumption of a power, which, if 1 had it not, I ought lo have had. Tho particular defect in tho ordinance which has boon made the ground of its dis allowance, was occasioned, not by my mis. taking tho cxton' ofmy powers, but by mv reliance- on the readiness nf Parliament to supply their iiiMifiicicncy in case of need. For tho purpose of relieving I he convicts from nil npprohensions of being treated as ordinary convicts, nnd tho loyal inlinbitaiUs ol tho province from tho dreod of ihuirim meilinlu return, words wcro inserted in the ordinance respecting iho disposal of theni in Bermuda, which were known to he im- pcrntivc. I was perfectly awaro that mv powers extended lo landing I lie prisoners the prison thu blioicj of Bermuda, but no lurther. 1 knew that I lie v could not !,. forcibly detained in that Maud without thu cooperation of tho unporial legislature. That cooperation I had a right to expect, because iho course I was pursuing wos pointed out in numerous nets of tho impe rial and provincial legislatures, as I shall have occasion hereafter moat fully to prove. I also did believe, that even if 1 had not the precedents of thoso acts of parliament, a government and a legislature anxious for the pcacu of this unhappy country, nnd for llic integrity of thu British Empire, would not sacrifice to a potty technicality tho vat benefits which my entire policy promised, nnd had already in a great measure secur ed. I trusted they would take care that a great and beneficent purpose should not bo trustrnled by any error, if error there wa3. which they could rectify, or tho want of any power which ihoy could supp'y; finally, that if they found the ordinance inopera tive, they would givo it effect if illegal, that they would ninko it law. This small aid has not been extended lo mo, even for this great object ; and tbo usefulness of my delegated powers expires with tho loss of that support from tho su prcme authority which could alone sustain it. Tho measure now annulled was but a part of n largo system of measures, which I promised when I proclaimed tho amnesty. When I sought to obliterate the traces of recent discord, I pledged myself to remove Us causes to prevent the revival of a con test between hostile rnccs to raise tlio defective institutions of Lower Canada, lo the level of British civilization and freedom, to remove all impediments to the course of British enterprise in this province, and promote colonization and improvement in the others and to consolidate these gene ral benefits on tho strong and permanent basis of a' free, responsible and comprehen sive government. Such largo promises could not havo been ventured without a perfect reliance on tbo unhesitating aid of the supreme authorities. Of what avail arc the purposes and promi ses of a delegated power, whose acts aro not respected by the authority from which it proceeds? With what confidence can I invito cooperation, or impose forbearance, while I touch ancient laws and habits, as well as deep rooted abuses, with the weak ened hands that have ineffectually essayed hut a little more than the ordinary vigor of the police of troubled times ? How am I to provide against the imme diate effects oftho ordinance ? That ordi nance was intimately connected with other measures which remain in unrestricted op eration. It was coupled with her majesty's proclamation of amnesty; and as I judged it becoming that the extraordinary legisla tur: of Lower Canada should take upon itself nil measures of rigorous precaution, nnd leave to her majesty the congenial of fice of using her royal prerogative, for tlio olc purpose of pardon and mercy, the proclamation contained an entire amnesty, qualified only by tho exceptions specified in the ordinance. Tho ordinance has been disallowed, and (he proclamation is con. firmed. Her majesty having been advised to refuse her assent to the exceptions, tho amnesty exists without qualification. No impediment therefore exists to tho return of the persons who had made the most dis. tinct admission of guilt, or who had been excluded by tne Irom the province on ac count of the danger to which its tranquility would be exposed by their presence j and none can now be enacted, without adoption of measures alike repugnant to my sense of justice and policy. I cannot recall tho irrevocable pledge of her majesty's mercy. I cannot attempt to evade thedisallowanco nf the ordinance, by re.cnacting it under the disguise of an alteration of tho sceno of banishment, or oftho penalties of unau thorized return. I cannot by a needles suspension oftho habeus corpus, put tho personal liberty of every man at the mercy of die government, and declare n whole province in immediate danger of rebellion, merely in order to cxerciso the influence of a vague terror over a few individuals. In ihcso conflicting and painful circum stances it is far better that I should at once distinctly announce my intention of desist. tug from tho vain attempt to carry my pol icy and system of administration into effect with such inadequate and restricted means. If the peace of Lower Canada is to bo again menaced, it is necessary that its gov ernment shouUI reckon on a more cordial and vigorous support nt home than has been accorded to me. No good that may not bo expected from nny other govcrrmcnl in Lower Onuaila can be obtained by my continuing to wield extraordinary lernl powers of winch the moral force and con sideration nrc gone. ton will cosily believe Hint, nftcr nil tho exertions which I have made, it is with feelings of deep disappointment ihnt I find myself thus Maidenly deprived of Iho power of conferring great benefits on that Pro vince to which I have referred, of reform ing tho administrative system t hero and eradicating the manifold abuses which had been engendered by Iho negligence and corruption of former limes, and so lamonl. ably fostered by civil dissensions. 1 ennnot but regret being obliged lo renounce Iho still moro glorious hopo of employing unu sual legislative powes in the endowment of that Province with (hose free Municipal Institutions, which are tho only sure basin of local improvement and rcprcscntntivo liberty. of establishing a system of gen eral Induration. of revising the defect ivo Laws which regulato real property and commerce, and of introducing a purp and competent tidininislrnlion of justice. Abovo all, I gnevo to bo thus forced to abandon the realization of such largo and solid scheme of Colonization uud mtornal improvement ns would connect the distant portions of theso oxioihivo Colonies, and lay open the uiiwroiiglu treasurers of tlio wilderness to Ihu wants of British industry amhho energy of Brilihh enterprise. For these objects I huvo labored much and have received the most active, acalou

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