m & ? w .5? FRIDAY MORNING! DECEMBER 11 PENNSYIiVAMA. In another column llio ic.itlcr will gather ilio pnrlictil.trs of 11 sad stale tf tilings In I'cnnnylvnnln. Our last nccounla sl.vlo lli,it Ilia moU Hold itiulu. puled possoJsion of llio capital, lliicnlciling llic life ofevery whig member who ehould nttcmpt to niter for llio timituclion of business. This mob is headed by llio Inco foco leaders from l'hil.i delphla, among whom uro n largo mimbor of ciiMomdioii'c. nost-ofilco and other official. Governor Rimer had ordered out llio militia and several volunteer companies wcro to lcio Philadelphia on Saturd.iy. Wc cannot hut hopo ond leliove, however, that .iho riot will bo quailed without a resort to military force. Judge Blvthc. an influential member oftlie party, nuurcs boo tho mob on lha Oih, severely rebuking iheir proceedings, nnd di-chiriiij his conviction that no parly could, or ought lo prosper, ihal resorted lo audi means. 1 his it is said somewhat cooled their ordor. This fracas has grown out ol an attempt on the part of llio loco focos in Philadelphia lo cheat Nay lor out of his seat in Cungrc. On llio assembling of the board of canvasser, it was found thiit the potl-boaks of some of llio wards wcro missing which ofconrsn vitiated ll.e vote of those districts Tito board a majority of whom weio Van Duron mon-nnif-cedcd however lo coum IUO voics u-giu. K .. uwmiiii mgersoll elected to con gtcss, when in fact Najlor had n mnjorily of 00 in tho district. So far all went well. Rut, pro cceding to canvass tho voto9 for Senate nnd Aesero, bly, it was discovered thai lha same exclusion would elect Iho whig ticket whereupon the Vnn Buren members bolted, nnd withdrew from iho board. Thowhigs, however proceeded with tho canvass, nnd made out (ho regular certificate Tvliich was forwarded by the sheriff lo tho secretary of slate. Tho Locos, it seems, wore not many days in hunting up tho poll books made n now mnrnai. anil tent on another carlificatc. This was a proceeding unknown to llio law, nnd there foro (he secretary of stnte could not lecognizc it Now there is no question but what tho whig mem bor of Congress nnd iho loco foco members of the legislature wro in truth olcclcd ; but it is equally clear that tho pereons having the proper certificated are as legally entitled lo bold scats until the qics lion is settled by the respectivo bodies to which they nra returned, as ihough they had received cvorv vote in the distiict. As well might llio whigs of this town hnvo raised a mob, turned our Legislature out of doors for admitting Mr. Hiiswcll to a seal Iwo years ngo, when we thought he was not entitled to it. No principle is better scaled with legislative bodies ihan that which recognizes the right of the member having llio certificate of tho proper authority, lo hold his seat until an invest! gallon is mado by the body to which he is returned nnd this, it will he recollocled, in llio caso Moore and Letcher, nnd the Mississippi members extended through the whole session, Mr. Ingcr soil, will take his seal In the next Congress, ass is in electing speaker nnd organizing the house, and then be turned out, This is all well enough! but for the whig assembly men to do (ho samo thing past nil endurance ! CONG RES", Our advices from Washington nro down lo Thursday, when both houses adjoured over to Monday. Tho buuincss of tho sessions thus far, amounts to little or nothing beyond (ho ordinary roulino of organization. Tho oloction of a now Clerk is tho only event of any political importance. Jugli A. Garland of Virginia, a supportor of the administration was cloclcd on tho third ballot, by a majority of two votes, ovor Matthew St. Clair Clark tho Whig Candidate Mr. Garland, however was not exactly tho Van Buron, but tho south em candidato. Mr. Van Burcn's favorite can didato was Edward Livingston, of Now York who received on tho first ballot 31 votes, and was then abandoned, Tho "northern man with southern feelings," as the Richmond Enquirer styles the Prcsidnnt, was thus given to understand that a man who cannot carry his own stato must not put on airs. Tho wandoftho Albany Regoncy is now powerless Mr. Adams has opened tho campaign with Toxas resolution, and a motion for a commit too to onquiro whothor our minister at Lon don lias boon guilty of an attempt lo "sloi tho wind"of Daniel O'Connol, thereby bring ing disgrace upon tho nation, and requiring tho interposition of tho houso, by impoachment or otherwiso which was laid upon tho table. Mr Pronliss, wo obscrvo has again intro duced a bill to establish a ponsiou agoncy at Montpclior: CANADA. The Buffalo commercial Advertiser has a report of another flare up on the front ior. It is stated by those who profess lo hove been eye witnesses of the facts, thai a body of Patriots about 200 in number crossed the Detroit river on Tuesday week, landing at Sandwich where thoy burnt eevornl buildings, together with tho steam boot Thames, and repulsed an attack from a British regular force, killing somo GO of the regulars, with the loss of but one! on he part of tbo Patriots. They retained ptjsoieion of Sandwich, and were about to push thoir succcas.whcn our informants left, This it tho substance of tbo report, from which the reader must make (ho usual de Auction of fifteen per cant. Since the above was in typo, wo linvc received the Buffalo Mercury, which pub liahea the following information from Dotroit. On tho morning of tho 4th, tho Patriots, whose nuinboi has been variously stated, at from five to nino hundred, crossed over four mi leu abovo Sandwich. This vilhgoio oppo. site Dotroit, and about twenty miles abovo Maiden, ll was four o'clock in tho morning. Soon after, thoy attacked tho rcgulats nnd militia nt Sandwich, and nftor a spirited ac- lion of 30 niliiulcH, repulsed llicm. mourn- ish loss Is reported at thirty to loriv kiiiou. Tho patriots lust VJnpf Sovvr, two men, mm j thrro wounded. The lii itish nrmcd steamboat, Thames, was scl on fiio nt Sandwich. This was ill six o'clock ill iho morning, and Iho burning litilMiiigs mo na ming vesteltlm red ylaro upon llio wnicrs, mm the illuminated spiiOJ nnd edifices of tho opposite city, wlih the noifn of the conflict, miide the sccno onooi unpin pnsscu suouuiiiy, wiiiui buitobh -srmbled lo witness. Our letter pbres tho number on-oval militia who joined iho Patriots, lower than our first account, and at fifty or sixty instead uf two full companies. Tho I'alriot lorccs immediately prncoeucu m ward Iho London Distiict, leaving Alii Men, llio strong hold of thu Loyalists, for ihein to guard til t lie ir leisure. Tho trial o( the prisoners taken at Prca- cott is now going on. It appears by me Kingston papers, that tho wliolo number landed nt tho mill did not exceed" 175 -of theso five or six escaped, 20 killed and wounded, and 130 prisonorp. That paper publishes Col. Young'a official account of iho British losa in killeJ and wounded, in tho ctiL'nL'cment of tho 13th. Il foots time: I Sergeant. 1 Etmign, 3 Licutoiiants, I Lt Col. and 73 rank and ftlo. P. S. Van Shntiltz was executed at Kingston, on Saturday, and two more woro to have been executed on Wednesday. MESSAGE. Tho PiOBidenl's mosange appcaro to havo been looked fur with lees interest than usual tho present season, and it has pro duced littlo sensation, in any quarter. It will be observed that its general tone is 6ubdued rathor conservative ; and in Ibis respect, wo doubt not it indicates truly Mr Vim Burcn'a sentiments. Tho olections aro not alluded to. Tho sober 6ccond thoughts of tho people seem to have given him no stomach for it. Tho U. S. Bank as usual comes in for a gcntlo rap ; but this should be taken in connection with the circumstance that Mr. Biddlo himself is now opposed to any new insiiuition of the kind, and thai the administration, it is be lievod, is about to striko hands with him and employ tho present U. S. Bank as the fiscal agent of tho government, So this talk about tho monster, must be considered a moro tub to nmuso whales. The pet banks arc again reminded of their short cominjrf,and admonished to be humble. Ho denies that he entertains any hostility, por sonal or official, towards (hem ; but thai he ia fully convinced of their "utility in pro " moling the interests of trade, nnd through " that channel, the other interests of com " munity." What will the anti-bank folks say to this? The sub-treasury is again recommended, and congress is referred to former communications for his opinions on that subject, which, ho says, have boon strengthened by roconi ovonte. Ho dco not, howevor, attempt to illustrato this point. We aro not a little curious to learn what argument ho would adduce in favor of entrusting the public money to the hands of individuals, from tho fact that a large portion of those who have recently had the keeping of it, have pocketed the spoils ond absconded! If wo rightly comprehend his views, he would have Iho keeping of tho funds left pretty much at the discretion of the Executive, who would employ individ nuls or batiks, "just as he could light of chaps." He says: When the Government can accomplish a financial onnrnlion licllnr wllli llin rl i lin liunka limn without, it should bo at liberty lo seek that aid us it would itie seivices ol a private uanKer, or other capitalists or agents, giving tho preference lo those who will serve iion t tic best terms. j This would certainly bo a very clever little excrciso of power, but Congress will never confer it. Thoy will never tend the Executive about the country with llio na. lion's treasure to purchase banks and dic tate 'the terms' on which thoy must 'serve' On the Canada question, the President rcitoratcs tho sentiments of tho proclama tion, though in somewhat more courtly phrase. He is, however, torificd and scr vile enough for the most ultra loyalist in Montreal. PUBLIC TREASURY PLUNDERED. There seems to bo no longer room to doubt that tho national treasury has boon plunderod, to an alarming extent, by tho disbursing officers, and others entrusted with Ihc collection and keeping of the people's money. The President, it will be observed has officially announced a defal cation on the part of tho lato collector at N. York, "of tho gravest character." Mr Svvorlwout, it 6Coms, has appropriated about a million anil a half of tho public funds to private uses, am! has absconded, giving his bail seasonable notice, to enable them to put their property out of the reach of tho government. This peculation, it scorns commenced with his official curcor, and was continued up to tho day of his retirement, nnd this ton, it would seem, without ever being suspected by those vigilant guardians of the public interest who administer at Washington ! Can this bo possible? and if true, what may wo not expect when a full exposition shall bo ma do of tho numerous other instances of the kind which there is too much reason to believe actually exist. Thcro will bo no longer any marvel that the government is bank rupt. In addition to the abovo wo learn from New York that Mr. Price, tho District Attorney, has also absconded, under cir cumstances which leave littlo doubt that lie is a defaulter to llio amount of seven or eight hundred thousand dollars. Ho wont out privately in tho Liverpool, nnd it is understood has gonoto join his compatriot, Mr. Swarlwoul, iu London. A largo defalcation W also said to havo arisen under tho very reprehensible prac tice of allowing the heads of bureaus to draw appropriations foripccific objects out of tho treasury, and laco tho samo in bank to their individuol credit. One of theso officers has recent y resigned. lt will be recollected tlat much complaint has been made of lato, m llio part of tho Indians, that their annuities were not promptly paid. Recent itvcsligations show that in several instances vherc the annuities nro charged as paid at tio department, the Indians havo never rcccircd a dollar. Tho agents havo pocketed tho money, and probably absconded. Theso facts indicate, bo clearly lo bo misundorstood, tho exislcicc of dcop seated corruption, and tho ncxtthrco months will bring to light deeds of di.rknces that will astonish tho notion. AMI dcvclopcmcnt, howevor, is not to bo expected this session. The administration bis a baro majority in tho present Houso, aid Mr. Speaker Polk will appoint a comnittco suited to tho emergency, Awara that the whigs will havo tho powor to rmko a thorough inves ligation next scssiin, tho administration will now doubtlcsi endeavor to break tho forco of tho cxposiTO by a partial devcl opement of tho facs, and a judicous report from a white-wasting commit tec. It will be, however, of nravail. By the following ominous paragrqib, from tho Globe, it would appear tint there aro some further tales to bo told. But tho conservatives, it seems aro to nwwer for all tho mischief. "If wo had rom we could talcs unfold that would harrow up ho souls of even tho most r.calous Conservatives. Ve could (ell how, among the depositc banks, ll:re was one that made n false return to the Treisury Department of nearly a million of dollars in the amount of its available means ; how, ihrmgli collision between the depos ite banks nnd the nceivers of public money in somo parts of the counry, tho orders seni from the Treasury Dcparlnent wero utterly disregarded whereby the currcmi-of theso parts of llio country was reduced to ihirtr ncr cent, below nar : how certain banks, undcrorotended claims against the Government, wiihhclt a part of the public money, &C.&C." Out with it. hear. The pcoplo are anxious to Speaking of ts.o lato defalcations, tho President says "The Government, ilnuM be admitted, has been from its commencement cunparalivcly fortunate in this respect. But the appointing power rnnnot iilvvavshc well advised in its flections, and the experience of every country ha3 trwn ilmi !l!n ollieci d arc not all limes proofngansi temptation." Until the present men in power under took to reform tho government, wo were indeed "fortunato." Up to that day men were selected for office with special refer, enco to their qualifications ard their itcgri- ty, and such men aro very ajl to bo "proof against temptation." Honett men, how ever, wcro turned out to tiakc room for unprincipled partizans, who were instructed from lho senate chamber to consider public trusts as tho legitimate "spoils of victory." They hove so treated them, tnd no man is disappointed at tho result. And yet the President oflccts to bo sjrpriscd that human nature is not "proof igaiust (such) temptation!" He treats tic uniform in tegrity of public officers uni'cr the admin istrations of Washington, Jeforson, Madi son, Munroe, ond Adams, ns the result of more accident; while ho would havo it inferred that all at once mankind havo become marvellously corrupt. Very mod est, indeed! and tho latter conclusion is but too well supported by the unprccoden. led corruptions of tho men in power. But we apprehend fow men will concur with Mr. Van Buren in assigning so prominent an agency to chance, in securing lho services of honest men; and a very littlo reflection indeed, will enable most men to account for lho present state of things, without drawing so largely on original ain. THE PROCLAMATION. We almost despair of getting an opinion from tho Sentinel in relation to this docu ment. We have thoroforo copied the remarks of an administration paper iu Phi. ladclphia, and another at Fort Covington, N. Y. in order to show our readers in what light tho thing is viewed by thoso who have independence enough to express their sentiments. The reader is referred to another column. Cuimcn blown up. Tho Baptist church at Redding, Con. was partially destroyod by powder, on tho morning of the 20th ult. It appears that a Mr. Colvcr had been lecturing in tho church for a number of evenings, on tho subject of immediate emancipation, and in tho course of his lectures, had taken occasion to exhibit be foro his audience tho practical amalgama tionism of lho Vice President of tho U. States, tho Hon. Richard M. Johnson. He accused this distinguished personago of making merchandize of tho offspring of his own loins, of selling his own sons and daughters into slavory. This so enraged somo of his political partizans, that (hoy j determined to nbulish the walls which liad echoed this libel upon "Dick the Tccumsch killer" ond after tho locturo was conclu ded, on tho evening of tho 20th tilt., a keg of powder was deposited under tho church, and about 2 o'clock in tho morning it wa blown up. Tho building was small, sup posed lo bo worth about $500. "First it blew, then it snow, and then it friz." Wo had a clover littlo squall from tho Lako on Wednesday morning. It wns of short duration, but it made tho snow and other things fly nicely, whilo il lasted. An old houso on the lako shore was unroofed, and llio woodhouso attached lo tho dwel ling of Israel P. Richardson, Esq. north of tho village, was prostrated, carrying with it a portion of the end wall of tho house. A email vcsbcI is said to havo gono ashore on Schuyler's Island. The gallant little Mac. was out during iho blow, bul arrived safe in port. Capt. Phillips soldom knocks under to a hurricane. Tho Vormouter is behind the times. Tho National Gazelle has very reconlly signified its intention to support Gen. Har rison, NORTH-EASTERN BOUNDARY.
Mn. Stacy:- In your paper of tho. 7lh instant, under the above head you mention that tho commissioners lately sent out by the stata of Maine, had discovered tho true highlands which divido Iho waters, I and that they had "moreover discovered " the boundary lino itself as marked out bv ,. ,. . . . , , "j. the commissioners under tho treaty of " 1703, and all tho monuments established " at that time to fix tho lino." ,i r . . ,, . ,i . . r "M " u""u' l,,u iruui Ul i 1703 a survey was mado of tho river St. ' Croix (before that time onlv known hv tho name of Schoodic river) to its source, and ' ' u uiuiiuiiiuiii iiauu iu uiai piace, nnu mat river was considered as the dividing line. I and approved by the two Governments in ' ,. , ,. ,. 1707, and has never since been disputed by 1 cituer. In 1017 and 1010, under lho treaty of ini,t ii,n . Ti,n.r,n P.a .on. i,i , i, tin J due north from the said monument to "the " high lands which divide tho rivers that "empty themselves into Iho rivor St. " Lawrence from those which fall into the "Atlantic Ocean j" and a topographical survey was by him mado comprehending a large tract of country west of that lino. Tho Governor of Maine in a letter to a friend dated at Bangor, November 20, 1038, thus expresses himself. " The commissioners havo returned from "thoir tour and report very favorably. " Mr. Deanc says that Mr. Johnson's map "and report give tho best description of the " country he has ever found, and ho has " examined tho whole subject wilh great " care," Mr. Benton has been re-elected to the Senate by the Legislature of Missouri Benton 75 Leonard 40. Mr Benton has been in the Senate eighteen years, and this election is the commencement of lib fourth term in that body. EXTRAORDINARY PROCEEDINGS IlAnnisuuno, Pa., Dec. 4 This being the day assigned by the constitution for the meeting of the Legislature, tho mem. bers elect of the House assembled at II o'clock for tho purpose of organising. I have just returned from the capital, and proceed to give you a hurried account of the most remarkable scene thai I ever suw, or heard of, in a legislative hall. The clerk commenced the reading of the returns, as usual, beginning with the cily of Philadelphia, and proceeding in due OriG,!'l3lVhC?vrrnC0,i ?f l!'0! - m ,,, , ... ... I . .. ' read the Whig returns handed to him, ac cording to law, hv the secretary of the commonwealth, Mr Pray, one of the Van Buren disputed members from tho county, rnso and stated thai the returns in tho po V" flln'telS h0, &ld. " ,ur"B' which he would give to the clerk, and rc quiro to be read as such. Mr. Smith protested against tho recep tion of thai paper as being illegal and void, and was replied to, in a violent speech by Mr. McElwcc of Bedford, who was cut short by a proposition thai both returns bo disposed of, before any farther action should bo had on tho subject. When this was concluded, Mr. Stcvons moved that tho members proceed to the election of a spoakcr, and that Messrs. Watts and Zcilin act as tellers. A motion was simultafYcously mado by an opposition member to tho samo effect, and that Messrs and (loco focos) act as tellers. Uuch motion was adopted, as each party claims a majority both sols of delegates from the county of Philadelphia, (or, as it is called, par cxtellance, In tho senato and tho house, te county,) voting with their respective party. Each of the parties took no notico of tho proceedings of tho other, ond voted upon no question not originating with itself. Gen. Cunningham, of Mercer, was dec ted by tho whigs; and Mr. Hopkins, of Washington by tho other side. Both woro conducted to tho ppcakor's platform, and nno standing on each eido of lho gpoakcr's chair, both returned thanks to tho IIouso for the honor conferred, &.c. A motion came from each party far tho appointment of a committco to wait on tho Scdalo, ond inform them that tho houso was orgonized and ready to proccod to business. Each speaker appointed a committee who have nut vol, howevor performed that duty, ns tho Scna'.o will not moot until 3 o'clock this afternoon. Motions woro also mado for committees to watt on llio governor with similar infor mation, nnd tn inqaire whether hn had any communication to make tothnl IIouso. Motions woro then mado for committees lo propose rules for tho government of the houso, &c. Theso proceedings wero enacted almost simultaneously, (tho Whigs, however, boing a little in advance. nnd tho rolls being called by thu different tellers nt the same time, and tho voting for officers being vnut voce, a very curious sccno was presen ted. Tho Whigs having got through their or. ganization of the house, a motion was mado to adjourn till to-morrow, at 3 P. M. which was carried, leaving tho other party in poscpsion of the hall, thoy not having finished thoir proceedings. When tho loco-focos adjourned it was to meet at 10 o'clock, A. M, to morrow: So that, you will perceive, there will bo two scparato houses of representatives meeting at different hours. The otic house, Whig, has 52 members, including the county delegation. The other house, Loco-foco, has 5G members, including their county delegation Each houso having a quorum, as they contend, prima fade, and therefore competent to llio transaction of business. The Senate boing Whig in its majority, will recognize the Whig organization as tho only legitimato house, and communicate wilh it accordingly, taking no notice of the other body. In the afternoon at 3 o'clock, tho Senate met, when tho namos being called, 2G i Senators answered to their names. The Sccreia;y 0f lho commonwealth being now introduced, laid before tho Senate tho offi cial returns or the lato election for Senators. In the county of Philadelphia, it appears ,ho domncraliyc can(i(alcsl, Hnnna and Wancr, are returned. From the districts of Chester and Huntingdon, the V B. candidates have been returned. This act of Mr. Burrows shows in tho strongest lisht his disposition to act imnar tialjy and honestly in respect to tho election which in accordance with the .strict letter and spirit of tho laws, have been plnccd in his hands When Ihc clerk had finished reading the rcl!,;ns ("fom 'the county,' Mr. Brown rose and handed tho clerk a copy of a return made by the lon judges. Tho Speaker decided thai il could not be received. Mr. Carpenter offered a resolution, call inB UPP t,,c secretary of the common wealth for copies of all communications in his posscssic n rclnttvc to the lato election On proceeding to Ihc second reading of this resolution, Ihc yeas were 9. nays 12 On motion of Mr. Pearson, tho returns from tho Huntingdon district were post i poned until the other senators elect should be sworn. On this motion the yeas were 13, nays 0. The Senate now proceeded to the eicc. tion of llirtr prnsiding officer, when Mr Penrose received 10 votes, ond Mr. Car penter 9. scattering 2. Tho Speaker on taking tho chair, addressed the Senate with his accustomed ability Tho Senators eleel wors now called up lo take llio requisite oallis, but wcro inter ruptcd by Mr. Rogers, who moved that that ceremony so far as it referred to the senators from the county of Philadelphia, be postponed. After some debate, in the cour?o of which the Van Buren Senators speaking, invariably nppe.alod lo the lobbies, and wcro answered by shouts and huzzas The very respectable personages there appeared to bo under the lead o! certain custom house officers and post office clorks from riiiludclplna. This resolution was negatived, after which, I suppose, the journals will say lho Senate adjourned. But such an interlude as was first enacted, I pray God, as I love the institutions of my country, I may never sec again. The Senato did adjourn if they had not, blond, which the mob in the lobbies called for, must have flowed. The Senate having adjourned, John McCahcn and Charles Brown addressed what thoy called their constituents the former denouncing the Secretary of State ns a d d villnin j all this occurred in the Senato chamber Amid all I his confusion J. McCahcn mounted the Speaker's chair, "and called ! upon the democratic citizens of l'eunsyl house. God onlv knows what will ensue lo-inorrow Harrisburgh, Wednesday, 11 o'clock Thcro was no meeting of the Senate t .1-.. .,.,. r n,.. . r occasioned by tho abscence of Democratic Senators, none of whom were present but Messrs. Kwing nnd Fullcrton The crowd at an caly hour was again in possession of tho lobbies, and in fact of the wliolo Chamber. Mr. Fullcrton took the chair, stating that he had been requested so to do, by the Spoakcr under existing circumstances. Mr. Fnllorlon, when declaring tho Senate adjourned, addressed lho Senators in at tendance, requesting them to interpose their influence to prevent violence, and presorvo the peace. When he had cnnclu. ded, J. J. McCahen was proceeding to address tho crowd, whon Mr. Rogers re minded him that tho Senato chamber had boon designed for meetings of the Senate, and not for popular assemblages; ho Ihore fore hoped thoy would withdraw. Tho IIouso of Representatives, in which tho Van Buron members sit, met at 10 o'clock, Mr. Hopkins in tho chair. Thoy proceeded to elect F. R. Skunk Clerk, A. Krans Sergeant-at-Arms, and D. W. Hyde door keeper. A resolution was then passed, appointini? a committee to call upon tho Secretary of iiiu vjommonwcaiin tor certain papers rela live to tho late elections, with power tu sonu lor persons anu papers; after which thoy adjourned. From lho Philadelphia Ledger. PIIUSIDENT'S PROCLAMATION. TI1K This is on extraordinary document. Tho President, officially informed that American citizens wcro making military preparations, within our own territory, against a nation with whom wo nro at ponco, was bound to issue his proclamation calling upon all citizens to abstain from such proceodtngs. But why should ha Undo such proclamation ; Becauso such military preparations violato an Act of Coiigresi, and a treaty with a fnroirm na tion, both of which nro laws of tho Union ; and the President, 03 (tie rxecutivo of tho Fcdern novornmant. s tinnml in fufnrcn llin Intva. Milt liprn iiiartitlt. nmi IIn bound to speak in reference to our own laws, but no further. All reference to lho causes orjustico ol a foroign quarrel, in which miiencnii citizens cvtnco a dispose tion to engage, or tn the richls, wrongs. or means of cither of tho contending par itcs.ts supererogatory, and iiiereloro toron"-. Ilai tho President kept within those limits! Wo think not. Ho has traveled out of his appropriate path to express hia individual opinion upon tho character of the contest ond tho means of tho insurgents. With these points the executivo has no concern; for whether tho Canadians aro right or wrong, or able or unable lo effect their nliinnl. Iii lina nn nfRnin! rir.lil nf judgement botwoen thorn and the British government. If they feel oppressed, ond able to break thoir chains, no foreign func tionary has a right to tell them officially, that their own government is just, or that thoy are too weak to contend against it. This is that very interference between tho belligerent partios, which tho President lorbius in American citizens, We admit that his interference consists irerely in an uApiuBsiuu ui upmiuii. uui mis, ucing a deviation from his appropriate provinco ia inconsistent with his prohibition of tho samo thing to American citizens; for by loruiuuing an countenance to tno Uanadions, ho forbids any expression of opinion in their favor. Then if tho President cannot express his opinions upon such points offi cially, his expression of them in an official document, if not usurpation, is somewhat indecorous. What opinions has the President expres sed? Ho says thai the Canadian insur gents hove forfeited their claim to the pro tection oT their own country. How does he know? This is a point to be decided by the judicial I ribunnls of their country: and lo prejudicate their case, lo condemn them before trial, is uniiit-t in any one, anil especially unjust in lho Chief Magistrate or another country, speaking officially. Mr. Van Buren has a right, in private con versation or letters, to express his opinion upon Canadian affairs ; but tho Chief Magistrate of the United States has no right, in an official document, to denounco the Canadians as traitors or pirates, by saying that they have forfeited tho protec tion of their own country ; and this preju dication is particularly exceptionable in the chief magistrate of a republic, whose fun elemental principles forbid any abridgement of tho least right, without trial and con viction. As another opinion, ho says lh"al.i the Canadians cannot succeed without foreign aid, that they cannot expect to ob'ain it, nnd that they aro fatally injured by attempts of American citizens to aid thorn. How does he know all or any of this? And if he thorougly understand it, what right has he lo say it officially? None; for ho has no right to speak in tho caso, beyond Iho maintenance of our own laws; and wilh such laws, tho rights, wrongs or prospects of the Canadians have no concern. The President warns all Amorican citi zens who may aid the Canadian insurgents, to expect no protection from thoir own government. This is right; for tho Amcr leans who so interfere, forfeit ihnir right to this protection, and incur all the liabili ties which the Britieh government may impose upon its subjects in revolt. Accor. ding to the laws of nations, such men cense to be American citizens, and become Can adian insurgents. But if ihey choose to incur this risk, have they the moral right to interfere? Certainly. Then the Presi dent has exceeded official propriety, if not official right, in pronouncing their interfer ence ntfarious. Havo they a legal right lo interfere? They have," both under Tho laws of nations and the laws of the United States, if they commit no act of hostility within their own country. The laws of notions nllow men to interfere privately in any natinnnl quarrels- Thus if Franco and Britain be at peace, and Franco be at war wilh Spain, British subjects have a right lojoin Spanish armies or navies, and fight against France, if they leave Britain privately, without ostensible military pre paration. Should they muster in tho streets of London, the French government would have a righl to complain ; but should they bo captured in a battlo between a French and Spanish army, whilo fighting for tho latter, Ihey could'not bo treated as pirates, murderers, traitors, or other crim inals, but would bn entitled to all t lie im munities of Spanish subjects. So if thoy should join the insurgents in a French province, against tho French government, ihey would bo treated as French insurgents, and nothing more. If captured, tltcy aro prisoners of war in the first caso, rebels or traitors in tho second, and the laws of nations allow llmm to lake cither risk. This is also allowed by the laws of the U. States. T'ncso laws dc not forbid expatri ation, but allow any American citizen to leave his own country and join any other, at any time, and for any or no cause, or any purposo, and therefore Americans havo an equal right to visit Canada or England. All that they prohibit is hostile preparations against a foreign country, within the bor ders of our own. A company of Ameri cans could not muster in Buffalo, and cross tho lino with tho avowed design of levying war upon Britain ; but each could cross separately with a gun in his hand, avowing no hostile intontiun, for no law forbids it. Wc are not a littlo surprised in roadinj; such opinions from the Picsident, whoso talents nro of a very high ordor, and whoso knovvlcJgo of international and constitu tional law is extensive and accurate. Tho President says thai American citi zens who aid tho Canadians, will bo "re proached by every virtuous follow.citizon." This from lho pen of Mr. Van Buron This from tho pou of ono whom his parti zans represent as tho great champion ot republican principles ! And this too as lho chief magislrulo of a republic that claims pre-eminence in guarding human rights! Wo read it with pain and astonulimciU. Professing to bo thoroughly republican, wc must bay that never havo our rcpubli-