Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, January 25, 1839, Page 1

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated January 25, 1839 Page 1
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QPbi ffiityltttttt Wc " Wi NOT THE OLOUY OF CJESA r HUT THE WELFARE OF ROME. BY II. B. STACY- From llie Christian Keepsake. THE DVING BOY. The following lines wcro written after reading an account oftlio death of a young mother and three children, from the inhu tnan neglect of the husband nnd father. The- wife wa9 taken suddenly ill, and left nlone with her little ones, while her hus band went (o procure a physician and other needful assistance, the nearest house being over two tnilea distant ; but he (orgot every lliing save his own deptaved appetite, be came intoxicnted before accomplishing his errand, remained so for a week, and on his return found them all dead. It is supposed that the mother died soon after tho birth of her child, and that the little boy struggled longest that in trying to sooth his expir ing lister, he sank down from weakness beside her, and could not at last release himself from her grasp. Oil ! moilier dear, my lips nre dry, Anil IJe?sy's hands nre cold : Mother, dear mother ! help me nigh Your lo?om surely jnu can hold Your little boy. I will" not cry, Nor nsk again for drink or bread, If vnu will only let me lie Upon your breast, and hold my head. Oh, mother ! call your little boy To jour bedfiile-ho'll try to crawl : Yon snid I was your only joy, Your darling Henry, nnd your all : And then nu looked and screamed oul 80 "Hoy! "to your cruel father go, Why do you uecp and wail to me T Fly ! fly ! I've nothing here for thee ! Do'nt stare so on me, mother dear, I'm still though Bossy will not stir J Ami she' too cold to be so near Oh, why don't fathar romo lo her ! Poor Bcs'y cried liercelf lo sleep ; I wish I, could but when I try, My lid won't shut nnd always kceep Wide open on your staring eye ; Mother how can ou lie so still With the dead baby in your arms 1 Who did the little dear one kill. You said it was not safe from harms Cant I be dead loo, mo, her, say 1 I'm sure, 'tis very lonesome here Ii heaven a very great long way 1 And is our father waiting there 1 I'm tired now, and cannot go. And the bright sun clue blind me so ; Oh, shut jour ejes, dear mother, do ! And let" me love to gaze on you. How can j ou see us Ijirg thus, On this'iced floor our feel go cold 1 Once you would family run to us, And round us both the blankets fold. I'm filling oh ! the room turnaround I cannot see you now : but haik ! I hear :i soft and pleasant found : I'erliaps it is the li'tle Inik, I love such found a; these lo hear, And il is daik no longer now ; Dear little gills with wings nre near, And they are smiling on me, too. Oh, 'lis their songs so sweet and clear I think I hear ihem softly say, Dear children, stay no longer here : Come, come with us, we'll lead the way ; It must he heaven where ihcv dwell ; I come! 1 come ! Mother, farewell! THE YOUNG HUSBAND. "The first end to marriage is lo com plcto the education of tho parties," says Dr. Alcott to his You.ng Husband, ono of the very best of that admirable series of works which have so rapidly proceeded from his pen, under the titles of "Tho Young Wi'e," "Young Mother," "House I live in." "Young Man's Guide," &c The You.ng HusnfcsD is an extremely handsome slcrcotpjed volume, published by Geo. W. Light, Corhill. It is adorned with a well executed engraving of matri- fttnonial comfort and domestic enjoyment. Tho Doctor is a true reformer. Not Miss Harriet Martineau could speak more indignantly of the social condition of Wo man than ho. For inslanco: There ore thoso among us who hold, or pretend to hold, that this world is a state of retribution rather than of trial ; that the spirits which inhabit these bodies have been through a 6iate ot trial elsewhere, ono arc condemned to this world as a punishment. Now, I have sometimes asked myself: for tho moment, whether such might not be the fact in relation to woman. How else can it happen, I have said, that, from the earliest period of human history, her lot should have been slavery and degradation ; and that even new, at tho end of nearly 6000 years from the creation, she is still a willing slave sometimes to intelligent and otherwise good men? Femalo abjection is recognized in tho very constitution of society. Tho woman who spends a part of her timo in cheerful out ol door amusements, luch as tend to invigorate her body, and 'M alio approaches maturity, exercises her. .mIT in the field enough, at least, to pro. Isoto full, flowing, improving health, is seldomperhaps never regarded as Iho loveliest of her sex. By no means. Sho may romp ond play, whilo a mere child; but sho is no sooner within tho precincts of womanhood, than she must bo shut out of heaven's light and sunshine, nnd im mured in tho parlors and other closo rooms, or, if she ventures out at all. it must bo in o covered carriage, or at least with a measured and stinted step. Sho must not dress with freedom, lest sho should be ill shaped: nor must she read any thing solid or instructive, or convcrso on any thing of importance, lest sho should bo a blue stocking. In 6hort, she is often regarded as most lovely bv her own sex and by ours, whose education has best fitted her to be a slave to somo weak, but wealthy or fashionable being, who has been educated, in like man ncr, to regard her as a kind of necessary evil in socioty, or at most as a convenience ; and who, though he mny talk of woman us a help mate, never seriously thought of her as such, and never seriously inquired within litmsclt, lor a single linll hour ot his life, how sho could be made lo act as tsuch in the most efficient manner. If these things are so and lhat ihcv arc so, I presume no truly considerate person win uouot nccu wo wonder that, here and there, like the comets of our solar system, a Wolstonecraft or a Wright breaks forth, and makes her crrnttic attempts at female emancipation ? Rather is it not surprising that lor one such individual in society we do not have twenty? How can an intelli gent female behold the degradation of her own sex, and not leel her whole soul burn within her to break the chains which bind her to lite dust that is so soon to cover her ? But is' not man ns deeply concerned in this matlor as woman ? Is not his happi ness graduated by hers? Can woman be dcgratlrd, or in any way injured, and man not suffer? Is not the health, tho intelli gence, the moral excellence of our whole race for the future, bound up in heis? Does not every successful effort at femalo im provement, and every addition to female excallcnce, hasten by so much, tho better day glory of the word? And is not human happiness retarded by every step which is token to keep the female sex in bondage and promoted by every thing which is done for their redemption ond improvement. FAT VS. LEAN. Wo aro decided admirers of leanness. Our greatest characters arc usually little, attenuate men : stomochlcss, meagre, lean, and lath-like beings who have half spirit ualized ihemsnlvcs by keeping matter in due subordination to mind. A corpulent intollectualist is a contradiction in terms a palpable catechresis. Ono might as well talk of a pot-bellied spirit. Obesity is o deadly foe to genius: in carneous and un wieldy bodies tho spirit is like a little gud geon in a frying pan of fat, which is cither totally absorbed, or losses of nothing but the lard. The above panegyric upon skin and bones is from tho pen of tho "loan, lathy" editor of the Newark (N. J.) Advertiser, who thinks, undoubtedly, that by deprcci- ating the value of size, ho may be enabled lo squeeze himself into some chink or cran ny in tho temple of fame. Wo of I he round form of mighty corpulency, and rosy gills who "lard the lean earth as we walk along," we look to other qualifica Hons for greatness and eminence How, wo ask, can you look for a great soul small body? what has the spirit of ambition and greatness lo feed on? tho ragged, looped and windowed sides of a walking skeleton, through which tho winds whistle, as they do through a five railed fence! "Obeisity a foe to genius," indeed ! spirit of the immortal Johnson what a thought who would recognize the ghost of the great moralist and lexicographer, if it op pearcd to weigh less than twenty stone, or had a wig smaller than a peach basket. Tho writer above quoted says, with a iwnng of profanity "One might as well talk of a pot bellied spirit,'' and pray why not ? Did Iho editor ever seo a spirit that was not pot-bellied? let him answer that ? Wc shall stand by tho fat and corpulent; and sec that the niche which they must occupy is made of sufficient sizo to enter tain "their vast circumference." U. S. Gazelle. SINGULAR TRIAL. In many ports of Europe indeed in all Europe primitive customs are more or less preserved in the courts for tho admin istration of justice, as well as in the habits and intcrcourso of privato life. Ono of tho most striking instances of this was re cently shown in tho summary and singular manner in which a trial for murder was conducted, and tho execution of tho felons consummated in Maloga a city of Spain. But before we cotno to tho trial, wo will speak of iho murder, the details being fur niehod us by n Paris paper, tho Gazette des Tribunaux. Don Joio Rondo y Soulc, a young cav alier, hod recently married a young lady of sorno forlunc. Being fond of dress and pleasure, this fortune ho soon dissipated, and upon this conduct domestic disputes and bitterness followed so extreme, that sinco his death, for he was (ho murdered man, his widow has been arrested and held for examination. On tho night of the 30lh of October, Don Jose was returning home, accompanied by a watchman, from F KID AY, JANUARY 25, 1839. the house whero ho had spent tho evening, when, on reaching tho corner of a street, he was (rcachorously stabbed by n man who lay in wait for him. The blow was terrible. It made a wound of six and a half inches in extent, and penetrated Ihro' Iho heart, cutting it in two. The blood sprung out in such a stream, that it bespat tcrcd tho walls oftho opposite houses to a considerable height. The unfortunate young man, uttered ono plaintive cry; it was the cry of death, and he fell bathed in his blood. The assassin fled tho moment his victim fell, attempting no plunder, although the murdered man wore on elegant gold watch and chain. Tho watchman lost neither his courogo nor his presence of mind, but pursued tho assassin, who dropped Ins pon iard, hat and cloak, in his flight. Ho was overtaken, ond with the assistance of others carried directly before tho Captain General, who expressed a desiro to expedite the ex amination, in order, if possible, to have the assassin buried at the samo timo os his vie. tun. The assassin declared his name to bo Joso de La Rose, a day laborer. Ho was married, ond the father of thrco chil dren. He denounces a young advocate, named Don Juan dc Morales as his accom. plicc, and declared he had received money in advance to induce him to undertake tho assassination. Py seven o'clock next morning Morales and tho assassin woro confronted. As their declaration greatly varied, they were taKcn tor a second mterrorratory into the church ond placed beside the dead body of Rondo. I here, under Iho vaults of the temple, before tho cold and inaminatc re mains of the victim, and in the presence of a powertuny excited multitude, who agitrf. ted by terror, came to witness this extra ordinary and impressive scene, tho awful voice ot Hosa was raised lo repeat again the charge against the man lie pointed out as his accomplice. Morales, cast down and spiritless, protested that ho was inno cent. He muttered in a low voice, 'I do nut know lliit, sua u. Whit! you do not know mo,' (said La Rosa, wbo was only separated. from his fcl. low prisoner by tho corpse.) 'But yon pleaded for mo in a criminal cause. You visited mc in prison. The jailor and my companions in prisson can provo it.' 'I know not this man. Ho is a villain who wonts to ruin mo,' replied Morales trembling. 'You do not know mc! Did not we go together and purchase the poniard! I can give the name and address oftho man who sold it. Ho will recollect us.' 'This is all a falsehood.' 'A falsehood indeed. Do you deny the promises you repeatedly made me for two months lo induce mo to strike the blow? Uad it not been for lhat. do vou think I would havo killed him (pointing to the dead body?) What harm had he dono to mc? You instigated me. You brought mc to the corner of tho street. You made mc raiso my arm, saying, 'There he comes, me opportunity is lavorable." 'How can you invent such calumnies ? 'You promised me money for committing the crime, ond I can 6how the house where wo met, onu where I was to receive the reward of that service you required of mo.' 'This wretched man" wishes to ruin mo, out i nau no interest in lliedenth of Rando. 'iNo interest, do you snv? You live in adultery with his wife. Did you not toJI mo that she was seven months gone with child, and that il was necessary to put her husband out oftlio way before her accouche mont? Did not sho herself tell mo that the best way to kill her husbnnd would be to fire a pis-tol at him while she, walking with him, would bo holding bv hi? n r in ' Did not you also propose to muke use of poison? Did not you make me come from urnnauar' To all threo questions Morales faintly answered, 'I om innocent.' 'You assert that you aro innocent fsaid the Fiscal,) Well, lot me see you lake ihe hand of iho corpse and invoko curses on the assassins." The wretched young man, in a state of inucscriuauie stupor, could only 6tuttcr oul euwu uiiiiiiuiligiuio WOrus. Tho prisoners were then taken tonethor to the, placo where Ihe crime was commit ted, and interrogated on tho way lo iho spot. Rosa continued his assertions nnd questions to his accomplice, and tho latter pcrsisled in his denials. Fifty ono witnes ses were examined, among whom wcro tho seller of the poniord to Morales, who identified tho purchaser and iho dagger, ond others who proved tho acquaintance of Morales as an adyocato wilh Rosa, whom ho had defended in a criminal case. La Rosa, wilh a somb'o gravity, confirmed all his first charges. Ho spoke oftho atro. cious action ho had committed wilh a hor rible calmness, whilo tho accents of his voico made oil who heard him shudder. All this time Morales remained silent, and completely cast down. A second examin ation oftho wilnosscs, tho counsel for (he prisoners being present, occupied the whole of tho night of October 31, and it was not until half past six on Iho next day that tho investigation of the advocates was conclu ded, At eight o'clock Iho reading of ihe documents was commenced, and after t lit 1 1 was concluded. Iho 'Fiscal' or attorney general summed up the cose and demanded ihe penally of death against the accused, who were next heard. Tho defence of young Morales was read by Don N. Tex apa. It wns argumentative nnd spirited, and was listened to wilh manifest inlercst by tho audience. La Rosa's written de fence was short and simple it only implor ed pity. When theso proceedings had concluded, the corpse of (ho unfortunate Rando, covered with blood, was brought before tho tribunal, and tho prisoners be ing introduced, were again confronted wilh each other. Rosa, who is described as muscular and ferocious 'a very proper villain,' again de tailed all tlfe circumstances, with consist

ency and apparent indifference. Morales whoso appearance was 'pleasing and inter esting,' persisted in his denial; nnd said Ihe charges against him wcro false and calumnious. Theso nroceedinp-s occuoicd tho timo till past midnight ond this, Ihe reader will bear in mind was the third night during which tho investigation wo? continued, having also occupied two days. Nevertheless at two o'clock the President of iho Council, Don Fornond Alcooer, di rected that the Council, tho Fiscal, the prisoners, and t heir counsel, should proceed lo tho spot where the crime had been com mitted, and lighted by torches, which cast o mournful glare around, they set out for this purpose, accompanied by a vast multi tude of cufious persons. La Rosa, without tho slightest emotion, pointed out tho dif. ferent places where, as he assertod, Morales had spoken to him, ond showed t lie road they went oftci quilting tho Plaza dc la Constitucton. where they had stopped. The tribunal then deliberated upon their verdict, and at five o'clock in tho morning delivered their.iti'Iginont, that the prisoners should bo shot in the presence oftho corpse. Accordingly at three o'clock in the after noon, they were laken from tho convent whero the Military Council which con demned them had been held, and in ihe presence of a concourse of over one hundred thousand persons, led to the place of exe cution. La Rosa took tlm lnnil. ivnllrlnrr will, n firm step, surrounded by n pickotHof sold iers, uon Juan Morales, downcast but resinned, followed, rocoivinrr rnlirriniia mil solation Irom a couplo of priests'. He sa- tuieu his irienus onu ocquoinlances. Du ring the passage from Capilla to the place of execution. La Rnsn turner! liia lipnrl several times to see if Don Juan Morales was being led after him ; ho seemed lo be apprehensive Ie3t pardon should bo granted lo the cabetlero, and even expressed his tears oil tins ncau. When thov reached Martiriens. tlmnl appointed for their execution, where the unuy otitic unioriunote Rando had been alroadv carried. La Rosa, nfier tlm I mnna had formed a square, persisting in his statcmcntp, addressed tho fo'lowinn- words to the people: 'benorcs, I die the victim of a wretch, who is about to dio with me. For the sake of my soul, say n Salve to Nucstra Senora dc los Dolores, another to the Virgin del Carmen, and a Credo to Al mighty God His confessor here observed lhat his words were insulting to his accom plice, and tint when ho stood on the verge of eternity lis should retain no hatred, and direct his thcughts solely lo the 6nlvnlion of his soul. l,a Rosa immediately exclaim ed, 'I pardon with all my heart Don Juan Morales. Pray for mc !' When the two prisoners were fastened to the fatal post, La Rosa leant towards Don Juan Morales, and said lo him, in a tone of irony, 'Behold the good fortune you promised mc !' Morales then turned towards his confessor 'Good God!' he exclaimed, 'let not this man kill mo before the time.' His last thoughts wcro devoted to his family and relations. At lour o'clock a discharge ut musketry was heard, Morales and La Rosa had ceased to exist. The body of iho former was removed by ihe oociety oi Aoyocates; the body of tlm lat ter owed its burial to charily. The widow of Rando nnd her femalo servant ore ar rcslcd, and o new investigation is about to commonco respecting their conduct. Wc have given a great deal of space lo this singular trial, as it shows the charac ter of Spaniards in a more favorablo light than traditionary legends inherited by our parents, and by Ihem brought from Europe, lead us to view that people. If assassina tions wcro so frequent as il has been com mon to assert, no 6uch excitement would havo been produced. We may also remark that though tho basic with which Iho in vesligalion was conducted, and iho circum stances introduced for effect, aro by no means worthy of all cxamplo, it is moro than probable that in our courts Morales might havo been acquitted by legal exer tion and trickery, and tho oilier villain havo been made lo bear the wholo burlhen; if indeed tho interest ho excited did not obtain him a reprieve and final pardon by petition i oi at tho worst an asylum as a maniac, instead ot death ns a murderer. From the llosion Weekly Mugimne. THOUGHTS ATTENDING A FORMER TUPir, TO THE OtlAVE. TtV Ullt. T. If. ItnmlD.v Daughter, I will not leave idee. ri,., To sit so cloe hcilp me, wilh thy tnsk, Lifting thy little book loscan mv face, And lime iliv niip.ilmi tuiol.. ..-.. And thou woulilM gently put thy hand in mine, hen summer school was o'er, nnd strive lo lead n win u nunc own pleasant home, bespeaking still I' or mo die things that unto thee were dear, Thy white haired giuiuhire's kindnrsii.uiid (he walk In his sweet (lower garden till I felt 'Mint of n pupil I had made n fiicnd, 1 will Illll li'.tw I linn nntull..., il.n.. ....... The journey to thy sepulclue, I know iiuw 1 1 in in iiiou wen ever, una wotildsf cling Unlo my nrm, when childhood's lilt'e fears Or troubles daunted thoc. I'm now, behold, 'Minn on ihy low nnd sable carnage, le.ul'st Ami inarslull'et ns the way, where we must go, iur iiiiiiEeii, Stranger nnd fiiend move on; In Ions procession, Daughter I nin near At ill ninal snlmmi linni- I'll..!,. .ill The'iu.ii is dust,' that turns oc'n cheek so pale, is imcreii o rr nice, inline lull is laid Firmly and greenly o'er thy quiet breast. I'll ...nil Till every lingerer inrneih to Im home, inj men i n nrcaine n prayer Dcsiue my ucl, i nuu who m on iias.pnuicii iny priu cr J Willi mc, I'll bo the last toleaicthce. Oh he first To wplcotno mo nboc, if iliro' ihe nun In my licdeemcr'n strength, I thither I ise,fiom dust. IlARTrortD, September, 1838. NICHOLAS B1DDLE. Bennct, the editor of the N. Y. Herald, i3 now at Washington. On his way thither he called upon Mr. Biddlo; and tho follow ing is his account of the interview. " I Mr. Biddle in?" " Yes," replied the speaker, very brus nitplu. .... I presume, from the studied modesty with Which I hid the devil in tlm corner if mv . . t i i t J squ.n face, he supposed I was aomo poor r risen I in want ofn lonn. "Where can I find him?" To Ibis query I hardly received a reply, unless it might bo called a sort of a grunt which fat hogs give when (hey confess their tins nnd. aro put to dea'h in Cin cinnati. On repeating my question, he pointed to an inner door to the left. 1 pasfed on traversed an anteroom enter ed another door, and found myself in the presence of the man who has kept two worlds in hot water for tho last ten years. The furniture of the room was simple in the cxtromc. A few busts were scattered hero ond there, which gave it an air of ot tic simplicity and tasto. Mr. Bidillo wan writing at a small desk, placed to The right of the tire- place a gentleman was stand in his left, nnd a colored servant waiting at the door. I entered very quietly and sfood up at my full length, caring nothing for any person that God ever made, nnd feeling equal to any position, or any person, that treads the same planet with myself. Tal ent is talent, energy is energy, resolution is resolution, in any position of life, and I only esteem Mr. Biddlo because ho has almost done for financial science what Franklin did for physical discovered o power that can regulate its mighty move ments. After despatching his nolo, Mr. Biddle rose, but did not recognize me at first. Tho first timo that I saw or was introduced to Mr. Biddle, was, I think, in the Auburn State Prison a very curious place to meet, as the locofocos might say, but still a very comfortable place, and n good study for either philosophers or pickpockets. Since that time, his face has grown fuller, his hair longer, his form rounder, his sight shorter his mind more acute his name more famous and his power much greater. Yet lie is tllO Same OaSV. COIlrlnnns. nrrrnn able, witty, and philosophic man that he ho ever was. There is much about Mr. Biddlo that resembles ihe descriptions re maiuinir of Dr Franklin. Ho Im iln samo sinnular combination of wit. shrewd- ness, deep philosophy, and knowledge of numan nature, winch mat ceteUrnteu man possessed. With more refinement and classic tasto than Franklin, ho has added lo his other peculiar traits, n singular knowledge of commerce, banking and finance ns a science, not only of making dividends, but ns an element of power and public opmiun. In talking of public ofl'iirs in connection wilh himself, or tho institu tion over which ho lirs'ldpc lliorn ia n unin of good humor, wit, the curiom felicilas of illustration anti argument, which is pecti liarly his own. I do not know a Finnic great man of the age that is so marked in this respect, unless perhaps it be Daniel O'Cunncll. Yet the former lins llin ndi'nn Inge in the calm, Franklin style of manner1,' wiiiiouie latter has all the Irish veliemcnco and animation. After n reasonable timo spent in conver sation, I took up my hat and departed, giving place to other visitors who wore announced. Mr. Biddlo, at tho head of tho United Stales Bank, may bo justly considered one of the greatest men ol the country. Sinco he assumed the management of that insti tution ho has developed morn of tho right principles Mid prncticoof finonco than nny singlo individual lias yet douo. His policy has been a connected suries of masterly movenienlp, either for Iho preservation of tho institution, or oftho interests of the country. His coursu has been n straight line sometimes one party, snmutiniut another bulling up against him. The secri't of his successful management hat arisen from wielding his bank in concur, renco with tho crent movements of com. mcrce. Thu error of ihu administration of Jackson consisted in atlemntiii!? (0 thwart these currents. His successor, Mr Von Buren, has begun to sec tho error of "Itesolved, 'linn it ii inrxptditnt to collect lhat policy, and, accordingly, ho hns nego ihe Snuo tevenuo in goM nnd silver txcluiivsly, elated will. Iho bank .he wholo amount ol;J" VOIv. XII No. 605 Hie Old Stork Hint linil hann cotllo.t In bonds, amounting nnnrlu in di nnn nnn. For this amount, or nearly so, the bank has bocotno tho depository, and disburser, ihroughout Iho south and wc6t, where pay. mcnis wcro wonted. Many nre not aware, perhaps, by what influence oi advice the n-nvnrnmpni nitnniail Ihii revolution in its financial policy. I learn thai (hey wore in a degrco persuaded inlo i( by the entreaties and advico of John Ross nnd other Cherokee chiefs. Theso wild Indians had found 'ho innnnvnniAnra of heavy bo-tos of specie, carrying with '.nein into tho woods and rcquestod as a favor that llmv mirrlil tin nnrmillnit In lalrn bills of the U. S. Bank for tho monies duo mem by the government. In four years i hey had experienced tho safety of theso notes, and preferred them lo ctery thing mat;, ii is a remarnao o coinctuenco in l tin history of society that about tho same ncriod that the Ind inns wnrr rpnifncliniv nf the United States government convertible paper insteau ol gold, Liaiittc. in Paris, vos endeavoring to create the samo system for the advancement of trade and commerce in v rnncc iiius furnishing an example of the extremes of civilization ond barbarism, mcctinrr. at Ihn intorvnl nf if)nn mils nn the samo system of credit. i no employment ol tho Bank by Iho government has had olher effects. The transmission in specie of g',, 000.000 or more of public funds, from the Atlantic cities to the south and west, would have created a crisis somewhat similar to that caused by the famous Circular to the land unices in uuu. jnsicau ot mis movement, the Bank undertakes the task, issues its own notes at the points required; these notes arc preferred by the public debtors ihcy enter into the general currency aid tho banks in that region to resume and furnish a medium of exchange back (o the AHI1IIUC vcyancc. :.i; .i niinimc pertcctiy secure nnd easy ot con uyancc. une oi tnc principal causes iding tho southern banks to resume, is thist cry nerocialion between ihe Rank and u'u'i'jj uiu souuicrn DanKs to resume, is mib very negocialion between the Bank and .i. . . ...... ihe government. In this respect, Mr. Van Buren, in abandoning the footsteps of his "illustrious predecessor," has done wisely. Poor devil! better late than never. But the present position and future policy of the U. S. Bank aro perhaps more im portant than all that it has passed through. Mr. Biddlo is onlv hprrinnintr a now nnil greater career of usefulness, power, influ ence, anu puoiic spirit. There is no use to be reserved or squeamish in these mat ters. Mystery is onlv tho weanons of little minds nnd small cliques, such as exist in Wall street. In a low years finance in this country will he a arpster element of power than politics. There never will be auolher bank chartered by Congress. Mr. Biddlo is as much onnosed to n nmv Nn. Monal Bank as Mr. Van Buren liimsfiir. On ibis point ihcir views arc identical. So will the banking interests of Wall street, as soon os the institutions under tho new law have formed a firm footing. Other States are nassiiur Frrn ft nil: r.ncus. A soon as this shall have completed its circle, the U. S. Bank will havo its brannhnn lit every commercial point so also will ono Or IWO of the lnrrrfl hnnk nrnnni?inn in Wall street. This StatO of tllinrr will tinnrol a .linl.a and a competition, lhat, with the aid of rail road and steam improvements, will equalize, on a permanent footing, the cur rency (hroughout the Union, from Boston to New Orleans. Mr. Biddle will then have several rivals in the field. Hisoper ations in cotton are abandoned with the cessation of the cause thai fixed Ihem upon him but still he is yet master of the American Stock market in Europe, as well as Ihe foreign exchanges with this country every where. These operations will occupy his capital and credit, till a new field shall linVO llPPn nnnnnil ivulor nnil mnra avian. sive than any other he has yet occupied. uuiw uuiuujr sum iiiui r uiiauuipiiia lo to be the Manchester of this country. All New England and Now York can never enicr intu serious competition with the manufacturing powers and elements of Pennsylvania. Water power is limited, but the coal and iron, found together in this state, arc unlimited. This slate, east as well as west, will bo the great manufac turing state greater ond more exiensivo than even England. It will not require thirty years to developo this power. Now, who is to be t lie ogent in this new career of Philadelphia and Pcnnsylvonia ? The U. S. Bank, and tho other banks following in its wake and adopting its poli cy. In process of lime, il will become, as Mr. Biddlo says in his last letter, "a simple stale institution" but in that simplicity it will perhaps occupy a more powerful posi tion, and exercise n greater influence, than When it organised tho exchanges of India and Europe, established nn agency in Lon don in protect tho market for stnle stocks, or furnished the means for bringing two crop of cotton to market, at on advantage of g-20. 000.000 or moro lo tho planting interest. The indudry, capital, talent and genius of Pennsylvania aro beginning to take a new stnrt, and one of the most effi cient instruments in this movement, will be the U S. Bank, conducted by its present onlightcnod President. How vain is it for miserable blockheads, who call themselves politicians in Pennsylvania Avenue, or financiers in Wall street, lo be kicking up their heels every other moment, rrvinf out -"My God! thero 'again! Nick Biddlo has trampled on my soro toe." Illinois, How far this oune nnd sallant si, He i implicated in llitfiipporl of the sub-ircamry scheme, may do decided fium tha fact that the fol. lowing resolution was iinsneil in ihe lower Home of tho Leglslntuio on I lie 12ili of December, by a vote ui iu ji'js to o nnya i