Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, February 1, 1839, Page 2

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated February 1, 1839 Page 2
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mi mww um im ii i n i win Mrinir iiii w FRIDAY M O II N INfi. FEnRUAIlY, 1, TUB PRBSIIBT. Tho valley nf Onion Jlivcr lias again been visited ly one of those sudden inuiiiln lions, incident to nil hill countries. The warm couth wind of Friday, and tho warm or rnin and sun of Saturday, sunt down upon us from tho mountains and hill-sides n rushing torrent of water, ns unexpected tis it was resistless and overwhelming.--As it worn by umgic, the ico-covering ol tho river was suddenly lifiod from its bed mid borne along in manses, fearful in nw". nittido and number. These, collecting nt thu nnrrnw passe, formed dams, which Bent the waters rushing hack ipor their sources until tho valley abovo was flooded to the very mountains base, and thru burst, ing through thesis obstructions, I ho whole inasa swept on to njw oticouutura with the rocks, and new triumphs over every thing else that impeded itt progress. In some instances barns were submerged and stocks of cattle lost, before, tho propriotorH wore even aware tliat there wan n freshet. The firat intimation wo had of its existence was tho arrival of a messenger from the Col. cheater side, on Sunday afternoon, niinoim. cing that the whole intervale was inundated and that M 'G ill and his family, who reside on Dr. Pomcroy's farm, were hemmed in, without tho possibility of escape. The people collected, a boat was procured, and, manned by experienced sailors, put off to their assistance ; but in vain. The current ewept the boat down the meadow, like the merest weed that floated, and it finally drifted ashore near the swamp. Another nnd another attempt was made, but with no better success : and bv this time night closed in upon us. And what n moment ! Tho whole intervale presented the aspect of an inlond sea, dotted by an occasional, with hero and there a barn or house riding at anchor. The water was otill rising, and the weather intensely cold. The beacon light at the farm house told us that the family still survived, and the signal gun that occasionally reached tho shore, told also of their distress. See ! says one, the light is now in the chamber the house ia afloat! Aye, by heavens, it moves 'tis gone ! All was dark. Men's hearts sank within them, and those who never prayed, involuntarily ex claimed, "Great God protect them! for 'tis thou alone can stay the elements." Ho! light, light! shouted a thousand voices. The casement waa again illuminated, and again the signal gun proclaimed that there still was hope. Another effort was made--the boat was reclaimed, and about mid night Capt, Price, with n brave crew, again put out, determined to bring the family off or polish in the attempt. They succeeded in ncaring the house, and much to their joy found its inmates in a con Ji tion to express their gratitude for eo time ly a deliverance. The bed of the river from the Falls to the Van Ness farm, is literally packed with cakes of ice insomuch that a portion of the way the water has taken a new chan nel. Largo portions of the interval arc fllill flowed, and the wheel of the new fac tory, it is said, wades in seven feet of back water. Opposite this establishment, lum ber, logs, fragments of bridges, and blocks of ice ore piled in promiscuously, in a way to defy competition! or even description Through fifteen feet of theso fragments, dry ground may now bo seen, where ono week ago the main channel of tho river measured several feet of water. The damage on the river, in bridges, booms, logs, lumber, wood &c , must be very considerable. Many cattle and sheep havo perished, and there will be a severe loss of hay in stacks and barns upon the intervale. The Bridge at Richmond gone, and Follctt and Bradlcys have lost their boom and a largo number of logs, at Williston. The rain on Saturday broke up llie ire in this vicinity liefore Suwlity morning. The Connecticut Jmd not been fo high fur icn jonrs. Some damage wiiadone to (lie Bridge across it at ihig place, mul n goon ucai, we unuersinnii, nt Sumner's .Mill above. I lie new liridge nt wiarlesion n cone also ncrofa While River . -it West Hartford A good deal nf damage is done on the email elreamd Windsor Chronicle. From (lie Rutland Herald, East Croek bridgn.lhc Pooler bridge, the West Creek bridge, and all the bridges in Ihetown on Utter trccK except tho new arch bridgo at Grokin's Falls, wo learn are swept oil. i he dam at the Falls re ccived some slight injury. In Pittsford, wo learn that the bridge nt Pendlicld's Mills was carried away j and that the seminary at Brandon waa un roofed by the wind. In many places the ice formed dams on the meadows and caused tho water to ml back at an unusual depth, winch wo regret to Jearn proved (lie lossofmanv sucep. JJenc Iluttnn of Clarendon, it ia said, lost 150 and Mr. D. Gnrcham of Pittsford about 300, Rutland Herald, Wind. On the evening of Saturday the zuiu oi Jan., the wind commenced blowing violently irom tho southeast, and coiiliu ued to blow verv hard all nielil. About Jifleen feet of tho roof of the Seminary was iorn ou, together with una gable end. Several buildings in tho villago were more or ies injured. Brandon Telegraph. In addition to tho flood, several of the towns in this vicinity were visited by a hurricane- on Saturday evening. In Hun. tiugton, Richmond and Jericho, several house?, bnrns, nnd sheds, were prostrated, and n considerablu number of hursca, cattle and sheep killed. Wo do not learn that nny lives wcru loM. In Huntington, n barn contnining n stock of cattle, was lifted from its foundation nnd carried into the river, whoru nil was lost. The gale was very severe at New York on Saturday. A number of houses were blown down and great damago done to the shipping in tho harbor. Tho loss is esti mated at half n million. Several lives were lost, by tho falling chimney?, &c. The disasters of the flood appear to have been general. Cheshire bridge, on the Connecticut, has been swept away, and great damago done to property in that region. Tho following from the Albany Journal gives a sad account of the Hudson. DISASTROUS FLOOD. Albany, Jan. 28. Our city is suffering must severely Imm n sudden convulsion of the clement?. During tho whole of Friday and part of Saturday, tho rain descended in torrents. On Sunday morning the floods came, carrying destruction with tlicm. and leaving desolation and distress in their train. The earih drank none of tho rain which fell on Friday nnd Saturday. Tho Smaller streams emptied Mich volumes of water into the Hudson, that lis Ice, strong and deep art it was, gave way. tJoon aiter eight o'cUck yesterday morning, the ice opposite this city broke tip and moved off in masses, Ilic scene was one of sur passing grandeur, Steam-bunts, Schoon ers, Sloops and Canal boats, were wafted alnng by tho mighty torrent. Nothing with which tho Ice came in contact pre sented the slightest resistance. On board n vessel which passed first, was a Family consisting of a man, two women and child. 1 liev seemed uncon scious of danger, while the thousands who aw them glide along, regarded their po n ion as iminently perilous. We learn that this schooner was thrown over the Dike at the Overslaugh, and that the per sons were preserved. J lie splendid Steamboat North Ameri ca The pride of our River is lost ! She was moored at the mouth of the Pier. Ice, about 9 o'clock pierced her hulk, and it soon became evident that she must sink. Her furniture was immediately removed. At 12 o'clock she sunk to her guards, and lay in that position till 4 P. M when, with schooner and 6loop, she was whirled into the stream and waited down the rivor till she grounded on Uuyler's bar, where che lays. J ho North America was owned by our Citizens. We feared that she was total wreck, but if tho ice should melt nway quietly in tho spring, we are not without hope that she may be repaired. Cant. Demur's sloop, with a valuable load of grain, ib safe at Van Wie's dock. The Bloop Helen, of Philadelphia, broko from her moorings at 4 o'clock, while her 'ship keeper" was on shore. His watch dog ran out unon the bow sprit nnd gave he alarm. The gallant sailor followed his vessel along the dock until ho saw a favor able opportunity, when running over the broken and floating cakes of ice, ho seized hanging rope and drew himself on board! before caiching tho ropo this noble fellow had sunk to his middle in the River. This sloop is safe in the Ice a few miles below. Tho new Steam Ferry Boat Chancellor Lansing is safe, with two or three sloops, but high and dry on the Island below the city. Twenty Canal Boats and several sloops, loaded with uroduco and Lumber, camu down from Troy, and are now lodged in tho Ice below the city. several buildings on the Pier and nt the footof Lvdius street, were moved from their foundations. Barrels of Fish, Oil, Pork, &.c. and bales of cotton, floated from the stores into the streets. Twice during the day the Ice stopped running. 1 lie water then set back with fearful rapidity. The docks were inunda ted nnd all that portion of the cily adjacent to I he River was overflowed. Now. as in Ifilf; and "32. the Eagle Tavern, Colum. binn Hotel, &c. could only be approached with Uoats. We nre unable to obtain any estimate of the amount ot property lost. Tho flood came so suddenly that all along the Docks have sultercd severely. But the severest suffering the keenest distress, is among tho Poor, who, in this intensely cold weather, aru driven from their tenements. Hundreds of poor Faun lies wore last night without homes! Men women and children were literally drowned out of their dwellings. Where they went or how I hey were provided for, wo know not. l he Mayor und Alderman were ac lively engaged Inst evening in providing I shelter, wood and fuel for the sufferers. The City-Hall was promptly prepared fur their reception ; and at on early hour this Morning, Soup was prepared for all who came for it. This is well. But more is needful, Tho Ptior linvo no immediate prospect of relief. They cannot, (or severnl days, return to their humee. Journal, The Defalcation Committee, con fisting of Messrs. Harlan, Wise, Dawson and Curtis, (Whigs,) F. 0. J. Smith and Hopkins, (Conscrvativcs,,) and Foster, Owons and Wagoner, iVon Buren.) will commence, if not conclude, ihoir investiga tions into the Swartwout case in (ho cily of New York. That any lock of energy and thoroughness in tho work is to be apprehended we do not think. One mem ber, at any rate, (Mr. Wise, of Virginia,) has been striving for years to obtain the choice or appointment of a committee, to investigate corruptions and abuses, tho existence of which ho has alledged. Tho fiicndaof the faulty incumbent! hayc uni formly mot tbeso charges with denials ; till tho foul web has become so strongly wovo and matted that the movements of Govern, mont, embarrassed by defalcations, havo betrayed the actual existence, and fearful extent, of dishonesty among collecting and disbursing officers of the Government. Among the matter? inquired into, we hope it will bo ascertained that tho dofal. cations of Swartwout were not purposely kept conccnlcd by the government party leaders until after the New York election. Wo say that wo hope this will prove not to have been the case for, whatever a man may feel for party, he should feel for the honor nnd credit of his country, as repre sented by its government. Wo should dislike exceedingly to find tho chosen of the pcoplo indulg ng in a contcmptiblo artifice to keep their places, but let this matter turn out as it will, enough open repugnance to invcsligatioa has been shown by the administration party to make its adherents blush. They havo professed themselves willing to havo an investigation take place; but wis'icd that it bhntild be done by a Jacksonjury. Certainly, in this ma'.tcr, the friends of the administration, whatever may havo been their motives, havo gone far beyond what prudence should dicla'c. Wo cannot do theso gentlemen the injustice to suppose that they would cause the appointtnert of a knave, or con tinuo one in office, except upon the hope, foolish we admit, of saving something by wheedling a sort of a delicate manner of compromising a foloiif, without the moral guilt of it. Therefore, with regard to the evident repugnance of the Administration to permit invcstigatioi by the Whigs, who arc in full scent, wo lave concluded that it is something akin to the desiro of the cul prit that his wife should bang him, as "she would do it tenderly." The Punr.ic Lands. It is thought that the Legislature of Virginia will follow the example of that of North Carolina, nnd pass resolutions expressing strong disap probation of tho scheme of giving away the public lands, and dopriving the old States of their share of this our common heritage. Every Legislature in session should do the same; it is a subject in which all have the deepest interest, and all should send forth the word of encourage ment to the patriotic Senators who stand battling for tho rights of the people. '"' Delaware Legislature. No Senator has yet been elected by tho Delaware Leg. islaturc. Tlie Senate has referred to a committee of three tie election of Dr. Jo seph Maull in the Hiusc. Elijah Cannon, Esq. a reform Whig, lias been elected slate Treasurer. An act las passed for the on. couragement of the culture and manufac ture of silk, which allows a bounty of fif teen cents a pound for cocoons, and fifty cents for each pound of merchantable raw eillt reeled in the state ; this act is limited to four years, and in:orporated companies arc excluded from its benefit. C AN AD A. Montreal, Jan. 22. The court met this day, and Charles Hindenlang, who acted us Brigadier to tho rebel force at Napierville, was arraigned on four differ ent charges. Besides the usual objection to the jurisdiction of the Court, ho filed one, lo the effect, tliat lis name was not Hindulang, but Hiiidcnlcng, although sev eral "bonb" signed by him bear the former signature. This was overruled, and the prisoner pleaded not guilty to all the charges. After the examination of eight witnesses, the prosecution was closed, nnd tho Court adjourned to Thursday at 12 o'clock, lo allow the prisoner time to pro pare his defence. Jan. 24. Pursuant lo adjournment the Court met this daj, when the prisoner Hindclang was called upon for his defence It rested entirely on points of law contained in an address read by Mr. Drummond, his Counsel. The prisoner himself afterwards read an address in French, attempting to justify his conduct, and the entire evidence was summed up by tho Judge Advocate The Court was then closed to deliberate, and l he verdict will not bo made known until sanctioned by Ilia Excollency the Commander of I ho Forces. MEXICO. T ho New Orleans Courier Btates that flics of newspapers from iho capital of Mex ico mny bo seen nt the Merchants' Ex changn in that city, and that it is stated in ono of them, that tho French government was actually preparing an expedition of 15,000 men to invade Mexico. Thero is thus no doubt that Mexico has declared war agoinsl Franco. Wo aro astonished however, that the declaration has not been published in this country, and look fur it with somo solicitude. Admiral Haudin, it seems too, has ordered tho naval forces o France, in the Pacific, lo proceed to tho Western const of Mexico, but it docs not appear whether tho object is to protect Fronch commerco, or to enforco a blockade of tho Mexican ports here. The Mexican papers contain a letter from General Rincon, who commanded the Castle of San Juan do Ulloa, when the French attacked it. Noticing thu report that ho was to bo court-martialed, General Rincon declares ho is anxious for a fair trial that tho fall of the Castle should not bo attributed to him as ho had written to the President of Mexico, long before the attack, to inform him of tho dilapidated stale of the works, rind the want of many things essen tial in Ins defence, and that his requests had not been complied with. Tho Mexi can Congress had passed a resolution, giv ing to the President powers equal to those usually givon to Dictators. President btistamento has lately mado changos in his cabinet, and oppointcd to the different dc. partmcnts men of liberal opinions, and ac credited Inlentp. FKOM TA3IPICO. Advicci have been received nt New Orleans from I'ampico, to tho 5lh. On tlie 2Glli tilt two brigs and a corvette arrived off that place, from one of which was l.mdcd si messenger wilh n despatch from admiral Hamlin to General Urrcu, informing him that the port should no longer be blockaded, as it was held by n party hostile to tho Mexican government; General Unca replied, expressing his satisfaction wilh tho Admiral's letter, nnd .his confidence that on the rc cst;ibli.-liineiit of the fede ral government, the difficulties with Franco will

be adjusted, Tho Tampico papers contain arti cles of conciliation which have passed the Mexican Congress to the following effect. 1. The nation culls upon nil her children for din defence ofher independence nnd her honor. All ihoc uho luxe separated themselves from die gov. crnmenl, and who ni.iy .ulimit to its decision wilhin n pciiod lo he designated by the government, shall tie restored to the full cnjojnient of their rights nnd digniiies, without suffering tiny persecution fur their past political conduct. 2. All suits now pending for past political offen ces will he enliiely suspended, and ihoso who may ii.ui. utni ill ! irunuil llllliur cutis SIUIII DC IIDCrillCU 3. All ihoso who. durinj tho wnr now u-nffin ' between die Republic nnd tlie I'icncli government, j I nl"' h"wrS,lT'1!';1, P" -C pel'Ce ',,y a"nC'1 bodies, by written documents, or in nny o her nun- nor. shall be considered traitors, nnd punished as 1 such. I The object of those proposition? is evidently lo unite nil the Mexicans in support of the govern mcnl, nnd appease tho discontents which Innc so long distracted the republic. Gen. Alexia nnd Dol. I'ernza, arrived nt Tampico on the 3d, from N. Orleans, nnd were cordially welcomed by die federnlisls or insurgents, in possession of that place. Tlie rciulution is said lo be making rapid progress in the province of Sun Luis dc Potosi, nnd its al ledged 'that Durnngn has also declared for the fed" eral system. The Ficncb men of war had sailed fiom Tampico, leaving llie port open to all vessels. TAMPico.Jan. 7, 1039. 'A British fleet, consisting of thirteen sail, under the com mand of Com. Douglass, has arrived on Vera Uruz. Mr. l'ockcnham, the isntisti Minister, has returned in this expedition, the intention nt wlitcii is not vet known.' ROYALTY. Tho young lady who rules over the British empire has had a saucy letter ad dressed to her, in Tail's Magazine, fo id in some of the English papers to be by Lord Brougham. In tho outset he says : I am an experienced man, well stricken in years, I bend iriysclt respectfully before ijnu, a girl of 10, who, in niv own or any ther family in Lurope would be treated as child, urderrd to do as was most agree ble or convenient to others whose incli nation would never be consulted whoso opinion would never bo thought of whose consent would never bo asked by any oilier human being but yourself, beyond the choice of n gown or n cap, not always upon that; vet before yon 1 humble my self as one anxious to conciliate your favor to my principles, to gain your approval of my opinions. The following paragraphs from London papers received by Iho latest arrival, will be read with interest by all those who take an interest in matters and things appertain ing lo England's virgin Queen. The first relates to llie young man lately found in her Majesty's apartments under suspicious circumstances. The Interloper in the Queen's Palace. At iho Queen tnuaru Police office several applications have been privately made to I lie magistiatc who had heard the case (Mr. White) on the subject of tho boy found id Buckingham palace, A cnmmuni. cation was made in the early part ol'tho day oy ijicuiennnt i'racy, Uovernor nl r lie To thill fields Bridewell, but thu result did not iranspiro, although we were given to under stand t lint tho boy's oceount was a tissue of falsehoods. A person, whose name is believed to bo Griffiths, a plumber, had some minutes conversation with the mais- t rates, no part of which was made public, but is said that ho is the boy's master, nnd that the lad absconded Irom his employ- Inc., ,.! . .' . mum iu.-i i ui-ct'tiy lllil.'lllllg. t tailor, named Jones, rcsidina in York street. Westminster, whoso son bos been mission- week, applied at the office, and was directed to proceed to the prison, to ascer. turn if he could identify the lad. IIo did not return until the nflico had closed, but inlormed iho reporter, in nrcsoneo of several persons, that the boy charged with oi.'ing loonn in mo pniaco was Ins son ; that tits nnmo was not William Cotton, as he had given it at the office, but Edwin Jonea, ana mat ins ago was 10. Jonea, sen. fur ther added, Hint his son had absconded from the servico of Mr Griffiths, of 20 lyovcuiry street, Uaymurkot. and had in clined answering his father's questions as to ins iiioiivo tor going lo tno palace. Wo extract from tho Dtlfasl Whig some more of Princo John's movements. Mr, John Vnn Buren, accnmnanieil bv Iho American Cunsul fur Belfast, and John Crawford, Esq.. of Criiwfordsburn, visited uiu a rod vnn Kova Uamnsk wnrk. nn Thursday last. Mr. Von Duron expressed himself greally ptcacd with Um splendid specimens ol Mr. Andrews' unrivalled manulactory , and observed, that nothing In Ireland had gratified him so much, Ho loft Belfast, on tho sumo day, for tho seat of Sir F. VV. Macnnchtcn. K. C. B.. nt BuehmilhJ, wilh the intention of viowiogtion and views on the eubject of tho aboli tho Giant's Causowoy, Before leaving! this town, ho was invited to accept a pub lic dinner from tho merchants of Belfast. Ho replied, that ho should feel great pleas uro in doing so, provided his arrangements would permit i and promised, that ho would write definitively, in reply, as soon as possible. Wo expect, that ho will re turn this way, nnd accept on invitation which comes so fittingly from an influential morcantilo community, so intimately con nected in trade with the United Stales. Truly, somo men inherit greatness aomo men stumble on greatness somo men, like Princo John, havo greatness thrust upon them. Wo find in tho London Times of Decern ber 10, the following letter from the Presi dent to Lord Durham. Washington, Oct. 20. My Lord, Having been informed that it is your intention to pans Ujirough a por tion "of the United States on your return to England, I embrace the occasion to express to your Lord. ship thu great satisfaction I should experience if your arrangements allowed of your visit being extended to this city. The friendly sentiments enter tained by my fellow citizens towards your sulf, and also towards tho people of your country, will, I doubt not, prompt a sincere desire on their patt to rentier your sojourn among thotn agreeable to yourself, ns I am sure it will be gratifying to them. For my own part, 1 will esteem myself happy if by your presence hero I shall be afforded I ho opportunity of manifesting to your Lordship personally the sincerity with which I share in those sentiments. I am, with very distinguished consideration, your Lordship's most obedient servant. M VAN BUREN. His Excellency the Earl of Durham, &c. Ladv Durham. Tlie "London Morn ing Post" says, we understand that Lady hnrlinin' rnsirrnntinn of hnr oftlcp nt Court wn9 t,c spontaneous act of her Ladyship. nnd Uio Noble Earl was not cnguizant r, . . i -. i i i of l,cr nleiitinn until it hid been carried into effect. Her Ladyship's letter to her Majesty, it is said, instead tif following the usual form of rroncsiini! ncrmission to re- J sign, tendered her resignation nt once, and in express terms. 1 he language of the Queen, we arc further told, was couched in language cxpre.-sivo of esteem, and even of affection, and intimated that, had the form usually adopted on such occasions, been adhered to, the permission to resign would not, without the greatest reluctance, have been granted to her Ladyship. CONGRESS. Washington, Jan. 21. foreign financial relations. In the Senate, Mr. Wright, from the committee on finance, reported back the communication of the Secretary of the Treasury, comprising oil the information winch has reached I bat department in ref erence to the systems adopted nnd in op. eration in foreign countries, for the collect ing, tafe-kerpinir and disbursing of the public monies. The committee recommend thai ten thousand copies of the Secretary's report be printed for distribution ; but ofi'er no opinion as to these systerru. The report was concurred in, and the printing ordered accordingly. AMENDMENTS TO TnE CONSTITUTION- Mr. Tallmadgc, of New York, offered the following resolutions, which were or dered to bo printed. Resolved Sic. &c, two thirds of the House concurring, that the following arti cles be proposed to the Legislatures of llie several 6tntes as amendments to the consti tution of the United States, nil or any of which articles', when ratified by three foiirthi of thesaid Legislatures, to bo valid, to all intents and purposes, as part of the said constitution. 1. The President of the united Slates shall hold his office but forone term of four years, and shall be ineligible thcroaftcr. The secretary ut I tic t reasury shall be appointed by Cungress. in such manner and for eucli term as shall be prescribed by law. 3. The Treasurer shall be appointed by Congress, in such manner and for such term n shall be prescribed by law. t The Post Mastui General shall be appointed by Congress, in such manner nntl for such term as eiinii nc prescribed by law. No member of Congress shall bo np. pointed to anv oflice under the United Slates, until) the expiration of two years alter he shall have ceased to be a member. CUMBERLAND ROAD. After 6nmo unimportant business, the Senate proceeded to the consideration of the bill making appropriation for construct ing the Cumberland road throurrh tho stales of Ohio, Indiana nnd Illinois ; and theques lion being on its final pnssnge, it was car ried in the affirmative, nvea 24, nays 22. The Senate, alter some private business, went into Executive session. In the House of Representatives. Mr Ilaynes of Georgia moved thai tho Houso resolve itself into commutes of tho whole, and take up tho Prcsidcnt't message. Ob jeclinn having been made, fllr. liaynes ur"ed that seven wecus oi the session uati already passed, and yet this importnnl doc ument had not been disposed of. He mov ed that Iho rules bo suspended. The vote was for the motion 8-1, against it 7-1. Not being two thirds, Iho motion was rejected. The Speaker then proceeded to call on tho states in their order for petitions and memorials, bcmnnin'r with Maine. A largo number wero presented, and, of course, a considerable portion of them hav nig reference lo .the abolition of slavery, all of which were laid on tho table, according to tho rule. Thero wero mnny, loo, ro. monstroling against tho annexation of Tex as, which received tho same direction; and many asking for tho recognition of the independence of Hayti, which wero referred lo the coinmitteo on foreign affairs. When the 6talc of Massachusetts waa called, Mr. Adams rose, and asked leavo lo mako n statement to tho Houso, and per mission having been granted, Mr. Adams proceeded to say, that ho wished lo relieve himself from somo misapprehensions which had gono abroad, in reference to Ins post tion of slavery. Not a day had passed during tho last week on which ho had not reccivod ono or more letters from the boiim, threatening him with assassination, unj of these, which ho held in his hand, was t bare and direct menaco of assassination others wero couched in tho language of friendly warning, but assuring him that f ho held on in his course, his days werr numbered, and he would not survive .ht present session: others challenged him W fight a duel. One of the last mentioned hi produced. It was signed with a real name (though ho had not Iho smallest doubt ii was a forgery,) the name of a person wel ' known in tho country; and designated tht time and place of meeting, and the weapoi to be used. Mr. Adami Baid ho was perfectly easj on tho subject. Ho regarded these letten os mcrey designed to intimidate him; anl not as Itidicntinjr any design on the part o the writers to carry ihoir threats into exo cution. But ho wished v0 tni0 this occasion, un der tho permission t.ftho House, to declarj that ho had never avov,e( himself in favoj of the abolition of slhverj n this District His coursu in presenting petitions for thai object was not influenced by any disposition io grant me prayer oi inn petitioners ; but by n regard lo the sacred right of puinioii winch be beiu to bo secured to the pocpH of this country. Ho regarded llie rulj which the House had adopted, for disposing of such papers, ns a palpable violation of the constitution, and therefore had cxpresi cd, and would on every proper occasion express his opposition to it. But he ban never been in favor of abolishing slavery irj the District ol Columbia. On the contrary he had tlcclarod himself opposed to it, on) the very firstOccaion of his presenting a petition on the subject ; and ho would now. were a propntttinn lor lhat object beford the House, vo'c against it. Such always had been Ins teiilimeuts and they remained unaltered. Mr. Adams then proceeded to vindicate, at some length, the propriety of his course in offering the resolutions of inquiry rela tive to the conduct of Mr. Stevenson in the O'Connull affair. He thought some notice) of the minister's proceedings was required by the honor and the dignity of the nation. He also defended the propriety of Ins conduct, in presenting the petitions, asking for the recognition ot the independence of Hayti. After Mr. Adams had finished, he pre sented a number of memorials ond petitions on the subject ot abolition nnd Texas, which were disposed of in the usual way. The business of the day went on quietly, until tho state of Vermont was called. Mr. Sladc offered the resolutions of tho Legislature of that state, in reference to the abolition of slavery in the District, and asking for the rccinding of Mr. Atherton'a rssolinions. Mr. Siade was about to contest tho ap plication to them of the rulo which consigns all abolition and slavery memorials, resolu tions, and other papers, to the clerk's table, when a successful motion was made to adjourn. 1 he investigating committee on defalca tions this day elected Mr. Harlan, nfKeti Micky chairman, Mr. Philip R. Fendall, of this cily, their clerk, and Win. Ogden rules, ol llie Register, their p'inter. They will set nut for New York lo-mor. row evening; nnd will bo prepared lo com mence their inquiries in that city on Thursday morning. Mr. Curtis is one of yourselves. Mr. Wise is also well known to tho Whi23 of New York. Io Mr. Harlan of Ky., Mr. Dawson of Georgia. and Mr. Hopkins of Virginia, they will find genMemen ol great ability ond industry. and the most iienerntis, hon.rable charac ter. Wnh Mr. Smith of Maine I have no personal acquaintance; nor can I boasl of that advantage as respects Mr. Foster of New i ork Mr. Owens of Georgia, and Mr. Wagoner of Penn. They will all be among you soon ; and you can judge for yourselves, It is rumored that the President and his cabinet have been discussing the propriety ot tailing the stand assumed by Oeneral Jackson toward tho investigating commit tee in 1837, and denying the right of the committee to interrogate tho Executive; officers, unless specific charges wero brought. Washington, Jan. 22d, 1C39. THE GRADUATION III I.L CUMBERLAND ROAD, The Graduation Bill was, ibis day. con. signed to the "Tomb of the Capulots" by the House of Representatives. In tho phraseology of the Globe, applied to Mr. Clay's Distribution Bill somo sessions ogo, tins pel project, insisted upon so strenu ously by tho Administration party of the Senate, that they would hear of scarcely nny addition or subtraction, any amendment or modification, however slight and en tirely shut their ears against any delay or postponement in carrying its provisions into effect this Administration measure has been "contemptuously laid on the TABLE." 1 suppose the Official Organ will admit lhat, in tins instance, at least, the repre sentatives of the people have not "wasted tho tune of the Houso in idle declamation." I presume it will be acknowledged that, on this occasion, their aciion was sufficiently prompt and absolutely effective. This day's doings afford some earnest of tho manner in which the opposition will man ago manors, while they retain even their present force. By their decisive course to day, they have saved a fortnight's talking, at least; nnd I hopo those who have clam, ored obotit long debates will feel duly grateful In them on Hint account. 1 Ins bill was taken up nmong other measures of the Senate for reference. Mr. Shields of Tennessee moved to refer it to the committee on Public Lands. It must bu borne in mind that this committee con sists of six members from tho now Slates, and three from tho old Slates. It my, thcroforo, be properly regarded a highly favorable to these measures of innovation upon tho Land system. Mr. Mcncfce of Kentucky moved to refer tho bill to tho select committee, consisting of ono member from each State, and raised on tho motion of Mr. Robertson of Virginia, to consider all measures affecting the final disposition of iho public domain. Upon this committeo thero aro seventeen memberH (I am inclined to believe) favorable to tho measures urged by the representatives of