4Rbi M NOT T II K I, O It Y O F C 2R S A K I) U T 1' II E W E L F A HE OF It O M E . BY If. U. STACY- FRIDAY, MAUCIX22, 1830. VOL. XII No. 013 DREAMS. "Philosophers may say what lliey will on llic subject, dieams nro not always what tlicy oficn are, mere iJlo visions of n diseased system. They ore not unfiC(ucntly, It is lino, llio effect of some deep impression made on tlic mind during the dny. Wo all know lliat what strongly excites tho feel ings of persons of sensibility, is opt to revisit them in their slumbers. But independently of these in. cidcntal circumstances, nenrly every ngo lias some thing to lecord of the power of dreams out tho mind in their warning character. Sacred as woll MS profinc history is full of it. Even in tho New Testament we read "Tho wife of Pilate sent unto liim saying, Hno thou nothing to do with that just man, for I havceuflcicd many things this day in n dream becauso of him," Our departed friends visit ns in dreams, clothed in their earthly gannenls frosh with lieahh ns we onco knew them, nnd joyous in nil tho loved realities of life. Aro not their blessed spirits ihcn hovering over u 1 Surely they arc: the images of those whom we most value on earth, although absent front us, in dreams are often brought near to us. Even those famed wri ters whose works have excited our highest admira tion, but who nro strangers to us and always will beso, probably in this world, in dreams have been mode manifest to us in an unnccountablo manner, bending with acknowledged interest ocr us, ns if to repay some portion of the admiration we have lavished upon their works. Year after year, this having occurred in one instance, induced the fol lowing wliicli must be read mere for its truth than poetry since it has little claim to the genius of numbers. l'is true wo ne'er have met tint in those dreams Which tranquil st(iml?i- brings.- In those visions Of the night, thy spirit holers o'er me ! For there thy linage lies into life. Not in the majesty of thought invohed, Uut gentle and scienu. There thy bland tones Have trembled on my ear. Ami as my gazo Was on thy imago fixed in wondering thought, Enchained feeling caught each strain that fel Which btcathed the beauties of thy classic mind, While o'er thy speaking features archly played A smile of conscious power. Then o'er me bending, (Tho graceful bend that playful ease commands,) Such Eoothing tones in friendly council flowed Council, which in an adverse hour thou gav'st To guide my doubtful way that every pang Which piciccd my troubled breast was enothed to peace, -And mutual friendship blest the solemn hour. Rut I awoke, and from the picture turned, Which my dclusiic, dreaming fancy drew. Again wiih thee lino' brightest scenes I've roamed, 13 y supci human power impelled, I moved On air in its scrcnest purity, Where all around was calm, nnd pure, and bright, I pointed to those icalms of lic.ivenlv bliss, Where dwell tho saints of light in endless day For night can never cast its shadow there. The sacicd charm was felt, and earth with nil ItS llOpS .lllll riiall.ll Ills V..151 uolJo For what is earth a wilderness of passion, Such as the pure in heart can never know. Serene as " morning steals upon the night, Welling the daikness," seemed my romse, Till the wakingJiour delusion banished, And left us sliungers in the mists involved ! Rut wherefore these mysterious visilingsl Ah what am I to thee.or'ihou to me, That thus, from lime to time, thy spirit seoins To hover o'er me, watching still my path 1 Can it be so 1 Ah no, 'tis hut a dream ! Blest as thou art beyond (he lot of man, Unknown to ihro lifu's sad realities : Thy days unclouded by the woild's dark storms, Uut ever tinged with fancy's golden hue, In visions only can I view thy smile. On earth we ne'er may mcet.wc ne'er .-hould meet, For what, alas, would lie tlie Hireling ncrc, Uut pangs for separation ! Vet how ofi When pondciing o'er thy page in serious mood, The wish has been, that 1 might trace unseen That amnio brow : llio moral beauty scan Which ihro' each sneaking fcaluie beams. But no, npflpriion ivircr. showed I lie wish was vain That but in dreams no ne'er on caiih .hould meet, For fame hath spread no laiiiel o'er my urowj Nor science poured its licasrics at my feet. And could a mind unrivalled in iis course, "With all the lirhost stoics of learning fraught, "Yet belter still bv nalie genius Inught," From ihis exalted height, 60 prized descend To pay n tribute to a nobler claim 1 Ah, not 'till fame's npplauding voice is hushed, And (he lust tiump proclaims that lime is o'er. A. J. Q. BOTH SIDES. The following, with the name attached, that of the author of the "Pleasures of Hope," "Wyo ming," nnd other poems, appeared originally in the London Morning Chronicle: United Stales, your banner wears Two emblems one of fame j Alas ! the other that it bears, Reminds us of your shame ! " -The while man's liberty in types, Stands blazoned by your stars j$uf what 's the meaning of your stripes 'J. hey mean jour negroes' scars. Thomas Campbell. A correspondent of the Boston Courier thus an. ewers Campbell : England, whence came each glowing hue, That streaks jour flag ol meteor light, Tho streaming red, the deeper blue, Cross'd with the moonbeam's pcaily white 1 'The blood and bruise, the blue and red, Let Asia's groaning million's sneak ! The white it lells tho color fled From starving Erin's pallid cheek ! "Nine Tailohs make a Man." This sentence, which had its origin in tho grate, ful mind of ono who had received his start in life from the charity of the craft, has nowi fro"1 on ignorance of the circumstanco cntiroly lost its meaning. The term had its origin in tho following manner, in 1742, an orphan beggar boy applied for alms at o fashionable- tailor's shop in London, in which nine journeyman were employed. Hi interesting appearance opened the hearts of the benevolent tailors, who iinmo diaWly contributed nine shillings for tho relief of the little 6trangcr. With this capital, our little hero purchased fruit, which he retailed at a profit. From this beginning, ho roso to great wealth and distinction, and when he set up his carriage, lie had painted on the panne), "Nine tailors medo mo a man." Ankcdotk. A few months bcftiro tho opotntifj of tho Russian campaign, n tnosl accomplished lady of Southern Germany, wa married lo n captain of the 9lh re i niont of French Lancers j the love of hor husband was too strong to admit of hor separating from him in profcrenco to sliar inn; tho hardships of war, and the devoted wifo.hardly nineteen years old,not only went through the cnliro campaign, which was ono of tho most lorriblo and most ruinous on record, and destroyed the lives of nearly 400,000 men, but saved tho lifo of her hus band and seven brother officers. Tho cap tain had been wounded in tho thigh on crossing the Berezina, his magnanimous wife, ever at his side, carried him out of the firo there, and nursed him with nfloc. tionntc care, hastening with her dear bur den towards the boundaries of Poland, when she was beset by new horrors. Only a few miles from Nicir.cn, tho company, consisting besides the captain, of seven in valid and wounded, and twclvo wall and hearty officers, cIiobo for their night quar ters tho miserable hovel of a peasant, nnd fancying themselves in safety left the cap tain's wife only in attendance; all tho rest of tho tho officers went in search of provis ions. They had hardly been gone a quar tcr of an hour, when from twenty to twent five cossacks came rushing towards tho house, upon hearing which, tho captain's wife eoizes a nnukct, and on tho first open, ing of tho door she lays ono low by dis charging the piece at htm ; then quickly turning it strikes down five more with the butt end. Tho cossack not having ex pected so worm a reception from fair hand?, turn to flight pursued by our heroine to the village, whore scvcrnl Frenchmen coming in assist tho heroic woman in accomplishing her victory. Hers was a glorious reward; she took her husband homo, ho bestowing upon her in return the most fervent attach ment, and they nro living to this day, a happier couplo than whom there is not to bo found. Not the man is born to such deeds, they aro loving woman's own ! On of the most extraordinary things in life is to sec tho things that pcoplo aro aehamod of, and tho things that they arc not ashamed of. To sec that there are men of sense and education ashamed of not boing rich ashamed of not being able to keep a carriaga ashamed that in the di via. ion of wordly things, enough has not fallen to their share, to enable them to enjoy ex pensive pleasures to wear expensive clothes, &c. One may excuse them for being sorry but not for being ashamed. There is something extremely beautiful amid this world's idle and hollow pomp amid its heartless and wearying show, its parade, bought with tears and crimes. There is something extfMiioly beautiful in the sight of a man poor and not ashamed of being so of one with just enough to live upon, with industry and and economy, and contented to pass through his pilgrimage without any appeal to the common eenti mcnts of the crowd. CuriE of Aitolexv. The London Me chanics' Journal suggests the following as a cure for apoplexy : Provido a plank, with a perpendicular axle at one end, and place the axle in a socket, so that tho plank can turn around horizontally, like a turn pike gate ; then let I lie patient lie on the plank, with his head near the axle, and let this plank be caused to revolve swiftly, so that the blood in the patient's head may, by means of ccntil'ugal force, be forced towards his extremities. That which will cure will probably prevent. Some of the giitirdmands, who may be exposed to apo. ploxy. after n heavy dinner of turtlo soup and brown 6hcrry, would do well to try the experiment. KUEP VOUn COUNTENANCE. A good lndy in Boston had in her employment n young man from the country. On certain occasions he was instructed to inform any company who might ring at tho donr. that Mrs. was not at home. One day John made this reply to an intimate friond of the lady, who went away leaving a card and a promise to call again. As the card was handed to Mrs. , she said, 'John, what did you say to the lady ?' ' I told her that you was not at at home !' 'Well, John, 1 hope you did not laugh.' 'Oh no,' said John 'I never laughs when I tell a lie.' Effect of vegetables on animals, Tho botanicnl professor, in a lecture deliver ed at Kings College, said that horses will not touch cruciferous plants, but will feed on reed grasses, amidst abundance of which gnats have been known to starve; and these latter again will cat nnd grow fat on the water hemlock, which is a rank poison to other cattle. In like manner, pigs will feed on henbane, while they arc destroyed by common pepper ; and the horse which avoids the bland turnip, will grow fat on rhubarb.' Mister, how do you sell your sugar to day ? 'Only twenly cents per pound.' 'Can't give it. I'll drink my coffee with out sugar, and kiss my wife for sweetening lirst. laoou day sir. Cood day, air.' When yon trot tired of that kind of swcetoning, call again,' iu lie callad next day. Guilt, though it may attain temporal splendor, can never confer real happiness. Tho evil consequence of our crimes lonor snrvivo their commission, and, like the ghosts of tho murdered, forever haunt the stops ol llio malefactor. Tho paths of vir tuo though seldom those of worldlv orcat nees, are nlwoys thoso of pleasantness and pcaco. air trailer tcmt. It is said that young ladies should novcr marry until they havo lelinquished light lacing, becauso tho marriago utalc ou"ht to j uo ireo from bondage. DESTRUCTION of the CAKOLINK. Correspondence between Mr. Stevenson and Lord Palmcrslon on the subject of the outrage committed by British troops in the destruction of the Steamboat Caroline. Mn. Stevenson to Lold Palmehston. 23 Portland Place, ) May 22, 1031. i Tho undersigned, Envov Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary from tho U. cjtatcF, has the honor to acquaint l-ioru vis count Palmereton, her Majesty's Principal isucrctary of Estate for Forcgtn Alluira, that in obedience to instructions from his Government, it has been mado his duty to bring to the view of hor Majesty's Govern ment the accompanying documents, detail ing tho particulars and proofs of a signal! and extraordinary outrage committed by I Hritish troops, from the nrovincoof Upper I Canada upo tho persons and property of citizens of the United States within its lim its nnd jurisdiction ; and which in the view of the President of the United States, form the subject of a demand for redress upon hor Majesty's Government. In communicating this evidence to his lordship the undersigned deems it proper to accompany it with on explanation of the manner in which it has been obtained and the dclav which has taken place in not prcEuniiuir the subject at nn earlier period to the consideration of her Majesty's Gov crnm'cnt. Ily an examination of these papers it will he seen, that ns soon as information of the proceeding was communicated to the Exec utivc of the United States, an official note by the direction of the President, was ad dressed by the Secretary of Stato to her Majesty's Minister, Mr Fox, cotumunica ling copies of the statements which had been received, and asked an immediate ex planation of tho circumstances under which the aggression had taken place. Mr For syth's letter bears date of the 5th of Janu ory last, and tho papers transmitted lo Mr Fox consisted of a letter from the district attorney of the United Slates and the offi davits of the captain and nine others, who were on board the steamboat at the timo of her seizure and destruction in tho port of Schlosscr. Copies of thoso will be found among the papers now transmitted to Lord Pnlmorston. Thcsestatements would have justified an immediate appeal to her Majesty's Govern ment for suitable reparation, but the Pres ident deemed it expedient, prcparotory to any demand being made, to have the sub jeet thoroughly investigated, and tho facts ascertained. It was morevcr anticipated that the conduct of the individuals concern ed in this alleged outrage would under the spontaneous net of thoir own Government, have undergone that oflicial investigation which such a proceeding would bo justly seem to call for. Orders wero given to the law officers of the Government lo tako immediate steps, for the purpose of collecting the witnesses and obtaining the fullest information of all circumstances connected with tho transac tion. This was accordingly done and the body of evidence which tho undersigned has now the honor of communicating was the result. Lord Palmerston will then pcrcoive that the delay which lias taken place in not presenting the subject sooner to the notice of his Government, has proceeded from no want of a just sensibility lo the proceeding, or any doubt of its being a proper subject for redress, but from a desire on tho part of tho President, to accompany the demand with irrefragihlo proofs as to thu nature and extent of tho outrage committed. This evidence having been obtained and transmitted lo the President, he has, after full consideration, and under a deep sense of what was due as wclllo the Government of the United States as that of her Majes ty's, deemed tho proceeding a fit ono for tho demand of reparation. With this demand tho undersigned has been charged and ho feels that he shall best fulfil the wishes of Ins Government, nnd manifest the justice of tho appeal which lie has been instructed to make, by con fining himself to a brief recapitulation of tho facts established by the documents which he has the honor of transmitting to Lord Palmcrslon, and the principles which govern. The following aro tho prominent and important facts. On tho morning of tho29lli of December last n steamboat called tho 'Caroline,' of Buffalo in tho State of New York, left that port for Schlosscr, another port of that Stale, upon tho cast side of tho Niagara river. That Ihis vessel was tho property of William Wells ot the said city of Uutfalo and was commanded by Uopt. Oilman Ap pleby, both of whom are citizens of the United States. That she was cleared with the view of running botween tho said ports of Buffalo and toclilosscr, nnd for tho purpuso of car rying passengers and freight. That on her moving down tho Niagara river, she came lo at Black Rood Dam ; and whilst in port, the captain caused the American ensign to bo run up. That, soon after leaving Black Hock harbor, several musket shots were dischar- ged at the said boat from the Canada shore but without doing any injury. That her course down tho rivor was con tinned without further molestation ; and shu touched at Nuvy Island, where a num bcr of passengers disembarked and sundry tickets ol freight where landed. That from this placo alio was run over to Schlosscr, where she arrived about three o'clock, p. in. That, subsequently, two trips only wero mado by tho bunt to Navy Island and, on tier return to Scliloescr after thu last trip thai day, slo was made fast to llio dock, at
that place, with n chain cable, about six o'clock in lie evening. That tho fleers and crow of tho "Caro lino" wero t.n in number, and that, in the cnurao of tin evening of that duy, twenty thrccothcrinvidiialsfcilizcns of tho United Stales) catio.on board the beat, and re quested tbA.glcy might bo 'permitted to remain there during tho night, as they were unoblj to procure lodging at tho only tavern or iin at 3clilosscr. That this re quest was (ranted, and they retired to rest, as did the (fiiccrs and crew of the said boat, with tho occption of tho night watch. That, abut midnight on alarm was giv en in contqticnco of the approach from the river ot fotr or live boats, and, a low mo ments after tho Caroline was boarded by a number of irmcd men from said boats, who immcdiatelyiommcnccd an indiscriminate attack, withpistols, swords and cutlasses, upon the tparmcd crow and inmates of said vessel, under tho cry of "give no quar. ters," scvenl of whom wore slaughtered. That the Itenmboat was yielded without resistance, and was immediately afterward set on fire in several places, cut loose from tho dock attached to the main land, tow cd into the current of the river, abandoned, and ultimately went over the Niagara Falls. That onoman, AmoB Durfcc, a citizen of Buffalo, tvas killed and left dead on the dock at Scljlosscr, and others who escaped wun inc. mjsisevcrely wounucu anu utsa bled, and iihong them was the captain. That several individuals who wero on boatd the boat were still missing, and there is strong rtason for believing that they were cither murdered or found n watery grave in Uvi cataract of the river. That immediately after tho boat was set on fire, and cast adrift in the stream, bea con lights tvero discovered on the Canada shore, near Chippewa, and when sufficient timo. fiad tl lapsed to cnablo the armed troops to reach the shore, loud and vocife rous chec'rjng was heard at that point, in ducing the belief since confirmed and ac knowledged that the outrage was planned and consummated by a portion of tho Brit ish troops stationed thero. It is in proof that there was no fortifica tion of any kind at Schlosscr; that hostili ties were not commenced on the American side, and that no shot from cannon or firo arms was discharged from the American shore on the morning of the 29th Decern bcr, as pretended by ono of the British officers. It further appears that two persons, pro bnblv Luke Walker and Sylvanus Fames Wrigley, were taken prisoners and car ried lo Q,uounstown, nnd there coerced by violence mi threats lo give evidence and unf-ifd the plans of tho forces on Navy ISU7.U. ' The value of the steamboat nnd nronor- ty destroyed amounts to about $5000. rncsc aro tno important facts disclosed by the documents, and upon which the ap plication for reparation rests. They can not bo perused without exciting the deen- est surprise and regret: For their proof we are not lorced to look at doubtful cred- Tho whole character of the evidence now submitted to her majesty's govern ment is loo clear and striking lo leave any doubt of its truth, although directly at va. rianco, as lord Palmerston will perceive, with tho statements communicated by Mr. Fox on the part of her mojesty's provincial officers to tho secretary of state, copies of which will be lound with the papers iras mitted. Indeed, so far from the British state ments representing correctly the circum stances under which the outrage was com milled, it will be seen that thoy aro in every essential particular, discrcated and disproved by the most unimpeachable cvi dencc. The concurrent testimony of so many witnesses of respectability and standing, btrip the proceeding of every pretext al leged in its justification and mark it as one of the most offensive and unwarrantable character. ll shows, moreover, that so far from the outrage having been committed under ex tenuating circumstances of sudden conflict or the hurry and excitement of impending war, it was porpeuaieu alter concert and preparation, by an armed and superior force, upon unarmed and defenceless men. under cover of night, and circumstances of signal atrocity. It was a proceeding, too, tho moro unexpected and reprehensible, inasmuch as it was planned and executed at a moment when tho earnest efforts of the Government of tho United Slatos wero directed to tho preservation of its obliga tion of neutrality, and while both the General and State Governments wore using cvory effort in their power to restrain indi viduals on their northern frontier from un lawfully interfering in the contest between Great Britain and her colonies. Indeed, at the very moment when the Lieutenant Governor of Upper Canada was declaring lo the Provincial Parliament his confidence in the disposition of the Ameri can Government to restrain its citizens from engaging in the contest that was then raging, and was waiting for replies from tho Governor of New York and her Ma jesty's minister nt Washington, with wliom no nau cnmniuntcaieu, tuts outrage was with Ins knowledge and approbation, planned and executed, Under such circumstances, it was not to have been expected that tho whole pro cecding could be regarded by llio govern ment of llio United Stales in other light than ds a manifest net of hostile and daring aggression upon its rights and sovereignty. utterly inconsistent with all tho principles of national law. and wholly irreconciluble with tho friendly and peaceful relations of tho two countries. Such is tho view which the undersigned lias been directed to present to Her inuica ty'e Government and here ho would reel tho appeal with which he lias been charg. ed, but for the grounds which hnvo been relied on by tho provincial authorities in the justification of the proceeding, and which were communicated by Mr. Fox to Mr. Forsyth in his note of the Gill of Feb ruary last. To these grounds it may not be unimpor tant that ho should now briefly advert. It is alleged that the character of this vessol was piratical; that she was the property of robbers and pirates, employed in their service in carrying men, nrms, and muni tions of war, from the United States to Canada, and, consequently, that she wns liablo to seizure and destruction, not only without but within, tho limits and jurisdic. tion of llio United States. In the first place, it is denied that this vessel, under any principle of tho law of practice of nations, could bo ragarded as piratical, or those on board of her treated as robbers and pirates. And hero it becomes necessary to ascer tain tho character and nature of the con lest bolweon Great Britain nnd litr Cana dian colonies. Tho following principles are assumed as incontrovertible : That civil wars aro not distinguishable from other wars as to tho belligerent and neutral rights; that they eland upon the satno ground, and aro governed by the same principles; that whenever a portion of a Stato sock, by force of arms to over throw the Government nnd maintain inde pendence, the contest becomes one dc facta of war ! That in such contest, tho princi ples of public law in relation to belligerents must govern; and all the right which a tate oi war gives to public enemies, nro to bo alowed tho respective parties engaged in them. Applying theso principles to the contesl between Great Britain ond her colonies, it must bo regarded, so far as other nations arc concerned, ns a civil war, nnd treated accordingly. Now it may bo admitted that foreigners, uniting themselves with a bel ligcrenl, become the enemy of the party to whom that belligerent is opposed: but, in doing so, they only subject themselves to what Ihe belligerent may lawfully bo sub ject, and aro entitled to ail the rights to which Ihe belligerent would be entitled. If, then, citizens of tho United Stales, by associating themselves with the Canadian insurgents, becorno identified with them as enemies of Great Britain, they could only be regarded as such whilst in arms, and were to bo treated in like manner. By in terfering lliey mndo themselves parties in tho civil war; and Great Britain could only subject them to the same penalties which she could rightfully enforce against her revolting subjects, with whom, quoad hoc, they havo become allies. Voluntary aid nnd succor, therefore, from foreigners, 1 1 pc-sons conspiring to subvert or change their Government, can neither be regarded as piracy nor punished as criminal, unless the offending party be taken in arms against the Government, and within its jurisdiction. This doctrine, it is needless to remind Lord Palmcrslon, stands upon tho clearest principles of natural juslico nnd national law, and the usage of all civilized nations. urcat Britain lias herself maintained it, and her annals arc full of instruction on the subject. It is wholly immaterial, then, what the contraband character and employment of this vessel was. She was not piratical nor could those on board of her bo punuhed as pirates or outlaws, l'tracy, by the public low, can only consist in acts which aro of fences against all nations. But if it were not so, and she was admit ted to bo piratical, nnd not the property of citizens ot tlie united fatates, hut of the British insurgents, still there is nothing gained in defence of this proceeding. unless it can also be shown that the British au thorities had tho right to seek nnd destroy hor by an armed force, within tho limits and jurisdiction of a sovereign and indepen dent State. Of all tho principles of public law there are none more sacred than thoso which secure the immunity of neutral territory from the exercise of acts of hoslility or war by a foreign power. The law of nations, thercforo, forbids all use of neutral territory for hostile purposes, and emphatically declares that the rights of wor shall only ho exorcised within the ter ritory of tho belligerent, on the high seas, or without the jurisdiction of any other tia tion. Hence it is forbidden, as well by universal as international law, to com mence or continue any act of violence against enemies' ships within the limits and jurisdiction of a neutral nation. Every entrance, therefore, into neutral territory, with hostile intentions, is denounced as unlawful. This is the general acknowl edged doctrine of tho public law, and of essential importance lo the tranquility and security of tho nations. If, then, the indi viduals on board the Caroline wero viola tors of the iicutrahiy of tho United States and the rights of war, by giving aid and succor to the insurgents, and had forfeited claims to tho protection of thnir country, they wore yet not punishable within the territorial limits of the United States, by Great Britain or her officers, but were alone amenable lo the laws of U. Stales. But it will be said there aro exceptions to this rule, nnd cases arising out of neccs sity, and self-preservation, which suspend in l"n v n r of a belligerent sub mode llio right of n neutral nation, and justify the invasion ol its territory. Tho cases aro admitted, but they arc few and defined. All writers on tho laws of nations concur in opinion, that there can bo no entry into the territo ry of an independent Stato, but where con sent is first given ; or where tho entry is innocent, and unjustly refused ; or in cases of extreme stale necessity, These uro tho the only exceptions lo the general rule. If tho 1 lit De claimed, as it is admitted to bo in this case on the ground of necessity, wo must look to tho law of nations for thu character ond degree of necessity, and ilia conditions annexed to its exorcise. Now all publicists agree that tho necessity, which can justify tho invasion of neutral territory, must bo imminent nnd exlromo, and involving impending destruction. It is never permitted for purposes of convert loncci, of ordinary defence, or as a tneasiiro of retaliation, however atrocious the injury may have been which it is intended to putt ih. Wherever, then, there has been a clear invasion of neutral tcrritory.tho proof lies upon tho party to bring himself within tho exception, and show tho character of llio necessity under which tho violation took place. Was the present such a case ? Was tho necessity, even reunite, much less cxlrcmo and imminent ? Wlint advantage was gained by tho destruction of this vessel, but to revive and swell the deep excitement which then existed on tho American fron tier, nnd which the Government of tho U. States was using ilsbesl efforts to assuage .' None certainly. On the contrary, to sup pose for a moment that such a measure was dictated by tho extreme necessity of .clf prcscryation, which was in fact not even useful, or in any manner conducive to such nn end, would be preposterous. It can hardly then bo presumed,! hat her Majcsly'a Government will maintain that this wa9 a case embraced within the exceptions and justified by the principles of public law, or the usage of civilized nation?. Thero ia not a feature in the proceeding lo warrant such an opinion. On the contrary, tho case, ns proved, is one of open and admit ted invasion of the territory nnd sovereign ty of an independent nation, by the armed forces of a friendly power, and the de struction of the lives and property of its citizens, under circumstances of peculiar aggravation, not less injurious to the char acter ond interests of her majesty's govern ment than those of the United States. That such will be tlie view which her ma. jc3ty's Government will tako of th'i3 pro. cecding, the undersigned cannot doubt. To tho nllogod breach of neutrality by the American government, it is not neccs. sary nor would it bo proper that the under signed should at this time do more than briefly advert. Although attempts havo been made by the perpetrators of this out rage, and others of her majesty's provin cial government, to involve the United Stales and its officers in the odium of coun tenancing, if not participating in the breach of neutrality, the undersigned is happy in knowing tho'. they have signally failed They wero made without the slightest evi dence of their truth, and under circumstan. cca which entitled them to no credit. Her majesty's government have not been insensible to liiu tff rts :hat n,o--iLj4'-' both the general and state governments to enforce and preserve their obligations of neutrality. Faithful to the principles which it has always professed, and on which it has ever acted, the American government determined from the first moment of tho contest to maintain the strictest neutrality. Every thing was done which her majesty's government had a right to expect; and lo t li o prompt ond vigorous measures adopted by the United Slates, nrc in a great meas ure to bo attributed ihe cessation of hosti lities within the Canadian provinces. Tho sincerity of tho American government in preserving its relations of neutrality nnd peace, will therefore be best scon in the early manifestation of its views, nnd tho steps taken to restrain its misguided citi zens from interfering in the disturbances of her majesty's colonics. These cffirts moreover, wero spontaneous and uncalled for. So far frem being influenced or stim ulated by any requisition on the part of her Mojesty's Government, they wero prompted solely by its own views of duty and interest, and Us lovo of peace. If, however, the United States, had failed to preserve its neutral relations it would htill havo afforded no ground of defence or jus tification for this proceeding. That would have been a matter for adjustment between the two nations, and not left to tho rash, ness and caprice of subordinate officers, such as those concerned in the perpetration of this outrage, nnd upon whose discretion and judgment little reliance is to bo placed, If there had, indeed, been any breach of neutrality on the pari of the United Slates, it was for her majesty's government alone to have vindicated it rights upon tho prin ciples of international law. The case then is one of open, undisguised, and unwarran. table hostility. The undersigned has, therefore, boon in. stiucted to invito tho early attention of her majesty's government to the subject, and in appealing to its scuso of honor, justice, anil magnanimity to express thu confident expec tation of tho I'rcsiduut of thu United States that tho whole proceeding will not only bo disavowed and disapproved, but that such re dress as llio nuluro of the case obviously re quires, will bo promptly mado. Tho undersigned prays Lord Palmcrslon lo ncce,H assurances of his distinguished consid eration and respect. (Signed) A. STEVENSON. l.onu Palm n uston to M it. Stevenson-. Foreign Oflico, June C, 183S, Tho undei signed, her majcrl' piiucipal secred ry of stato for fmeigii afl'iiis, has the honor lo ac. kiiovvlcilje the leceipt of (lie note of Mr S'cvcn'on, I-'nvoy Ksirnoidiuaiy and .Minister I'lcmpotrnlinry finni llio Unied Stales of Ameiiea, dated tho 22J nil., together u-illi the iluciinieuts accompanying that note, iclalitu lo the destruction o f t lie United Stales stt'.iuilmai "Caioline" by n llriiith expedition from Upper Can. ula ; ami llm umlei signed hat tho honor to iufoiui Mr. Steieiifon, that her Mnjrsly'a Oiiveruincul will not fail lo give his nolo unci its ua-oiupunpin; documents tli.il uticutito considera tion which is due to the imporlanco of the biihject to which lliey iclatc. The undersigned has iho honor to renew to Mr. Stevenson llio ns-iu ur.ccs ot his high coneiiieiatiun.